Skip to main content

Full text of "The Statutes at Large: From Magna Charta to ... 1869 ..."

See other formats


This is a digital copy of a book that was preserved for generations on library shelves before it was carefully scanned by Google as part of a project 
to make the world's books discoverable online. 

It has survived long enough for the copyright to expire and the book to enter the public domain. A public domain book is one that was never subject 
to copyright or whose legal copyright term has expired. Whether a book is in the public domain may vary country to country. Public domain books 
are our gateways to the past, representing a wealth of history, culture and knowledge that's often difficult to discover. 

Marks, notations and other marginalia present in the original volume will appear in this file - a reminder of this book's long journey from the 
publisher to a library and finally to you. 

Usage guidelines 

Google is proud to partner with libraries to digitize public domain materials and make them widely accessible. Public domain books belong to the 
public and we are merely their custodians. Nevertheless, this work is expensive, so in order to keep providing this resource, we have taken steps to 
prevent abuse by commercial parties, including placing technical restrictions on automated querying. 

We also ask that you: 

+ Make non-commercial use of the files We designed Google Book Search for use by individuals, and we request that you use these files for 
personal, non-commercial purposes. 

+ Refrain from automated querying Do not send automated queries of any sort to Google's system: If you are conducting research on machine 
translation, optical character recognition or other areas where access to a large amount of text is helpful, please contact us. We encourage the 
use of public domain materials for these purposes and may be able to help. 

+ Maintain attribution The Google "watermark" you see on each file is essential for informing people about this project and helping them find 
additional materials through Google Book Search. Please do not remove it. 

+ Keep it legal Whatever your use, remember that you are responsible for ensuring that what you are doing is legal. Do not assume that just 
because we believe a book is in the public domain for users in the United States, that the work is also in the public domain for users in other 
countries. Whether a book is still in copyright varies from country to country, and we can't offer guidance on whether any specific use of 
any specific book is allowed. Please do not assume that a book's appearance in Google Book Search means it can be used in any manner 
anywhere in the world. Copyright infringement liability can be quite severe. 

About Google Book Search 

Google's mission is to organize the world's information and to make it universally accessible and useful. Google Book Search helps readers 
discover the world's books while helping authors and publishers reach new audiences. You can search through the full text of this book on the web 



at jhttp : //books . qooqle . com/ 



► 



, CANCELLED 

In UjBEuml uisnv. coll. 

mwttr OXON ' 

©oil. iftagn. %Lu\. Bnib. 
in &calu ©ion. 

3loamtf0 ifrotont, &&ft. 

olim ittagtetri 
a. 19. JW&cclitb. 







L.L 



cw.u.K ; 



so 



r 



■^ 



r 



p^^ 



THE 

Statutes at fcarje, 

From the Firft Year of K. Hen, V. . 

T O 

The 22d Year of King EDW. IV. inclufive, 

B Y 

DANBY PICKERING, of Gray's Inn, Efq, 



■ 









, 




THE 



Statutes at %m%t, 

FROM THE 

Firft Year of King Henry V. 

TO THE 

Twenty-fecond Year of King EDW. IV. inclufive. 

To which is prefixed, 

A TABLE containing the TITLES of all the STATUTES 
during that Period. 

VOL. III. 

ByDANBY PICKERING, of Gray's-Inn, Efq; 
Reader of the Law Le&urc to that Honourable Society. 



CAMBRIDGE, 
\ Printed by JOSEPH BENTHAM, Printer to the UNIVERSITY; 
for CHARLES BATHURST, attheCrofc-Keys, oppofite St.Dunftan*s 
Church in Fleet-Street, London. 1762. 

CUM PRIVILEGIO. 



(; 



TABLE of the STATUTES, 

Containing the Titles of all fuch Afts as are extant in print; 
from the ift year of K, Henry V; to the 22d of 
K. Edward IV. both inclufive. 



Anno i Hen. 5. 

Cap. 1. Concerning ele&ions of 
knights, citizens and burgeffes of 
parliament. 

Cap. 2. A confirmation of former 
ftatutes againft wears, kiddels, 
&c. 

Cap. 3. Againft forgers of deeds. 

Cap. 4. That fheriffs bailiffs (hall 
not be in the fame office in three 
years after, nor be attornies. 

Cap. 5. That the defendant's ad- 
dition (hall be given where procefs 
of outlawry lieth. 

Cap. 6. That IVelchmtn (hall take no 
revenge againft the Englijb purfu- 
ers in the late rebellion. 

Cap. 7. Againft aliens taking any 
benefices in England. 

Cap. 8. Againft Irijbmtn repairing 
to England. 

Cap. 9. That the revenues of Calais 
fnall be employed to the mainte- 
nance thereof. 

Cap 10. By what meafure purveyors 
ihall take and buy corn. 

Anna 2 Hen. 5. fat. 1. 

Cap. 1. Power given to ordinaries 
to enquire of the government of 
hofpitals. 

Cap. 2. Concerning writs of Certio- 
rari^ or Corpus cum cau/a, granted 
for perfons in execution. 

Cap. 3. For granting a copy of the 
libel in the fpiritual court. 

Cap. 4. Concerning the office of a 
juftice of the peace and of labour- 
ers. 

Cap. 5. For procefs agairift felons 
dwelling in Tyndal or Exam/bin. 
VoL.HL 



Cap. 6. Breaking of truce or faff 
conducts ihall be high treafon. 

Cap. 7. Againft Lollards and other 
hereticks. 

Cap. 8. For fuppreffing riots, routs, 
and unlawful affemblies. 

Cap. 9. Againft thofe who commit 
felony and flee into an unknown 
place. 

2 Hen. 5. Jlat. ±* 

Cap. 1. What fort of perfons lhalj 
be juftices of peace. 

Cap. 2. For wages of priefts. 

Cap. 3. For the fufficiency of jurors. 

Cap. 4. Concerning goldunithS) and 
gilding of filver ware. 

Cap. 5. To prevent rebellions* fe- 
lonies, &c. by Welchmen. 

Cap. 6. Concerning exportation of 
merchandifes of the ftaple. 

Anno 3 Hen. 5. Jht. 1. 
Cap. 1. Felony to import any fbrt of 
money forbidden by former fta- 
tutes; and for abolifhing Gaily 
half-pence, fufkins and dotkins. 

Anno 3 Heh. 5. Jlat. 2. 
Cap. 1. A confirmation of liberties, 

tranchifes, &c. and all ftatutes not, 

repealed. 
Cap. 2. Concerning abbots and pri- 
ors being fuitors to certain courts^ 

baron. 
Cap. 3. Britons not made denizens 

fhall depart the realm. 
Cap. 4. Againft provifions, &c. of 

a benefice full of an incumbent. 
Cap. 5. Concerning attaints upoir* 

falfe verdidt given in the city of 

Lincoln. 

A Cap, 



A TABLE of the STATUTES. 



Cap. 6, and 7. Againft clipping, 
waftiing, or filing of money. 

Cap. 8. Concerning fees for probates 
of teftaments. 

Anno 4 Hen. 5. 

Cap* I* A confirmation of the char- 
ters, and of all former ftatutcs not 
repealed. 

Cap. 2. For allowance upon (he- 
riffs accounts, of things cafual. 

Cap. 3. Concerning patten-makers. 

Cap. 4. Againft exceffive wages of 
tervants. in husbandry. 

Cap. 5. A confirmation of the fla- 
tutes, made 5 H. 4. cap. 7, and 
9. How merchants flrangers (hall 
be ufed, and hods appointed for 
them. 

Cap. 6. Concerning benefices, &c. 
granted to Iri/bmen. 

Cap. 7. In what cafes letters of 
marque may be granted. 

Cap. 8. The King's pardon* 
Anno 5 Hen. 5. 

Abbots and others may make their 
attornics until the next parlia- 

• stent. 

Anne 7 Hen. 5. 

Againft indidting men in the county 
of Lancafter^ for offences in a place 
where there is none fuch, and a- 
gainft makers, &c. of folfe deeds. 

Anno 8 Hen. 5. 

Cap* i* That parliament writs a- 
warded in the name of the King's 
lieutenant (hall not be flayed by 
the King's return from France in- 
to England. 

Cap. 2. Concerning bullion to be 
brought to the mint by merchants 
of the Weft. 

Cap. 3. Concerning gilding and fil- 
venng of things. 

Anno 9 Hen. 5 Jlat< r. 
Cap. 1. Concerning appeals and in- 
dictments. 
Gap. 2. Concerning the forfeiture by 

.perfons outlawed in Lancajhire. 
Cq>. 3. Concerning protections for 



fuch as ferved the King in Nor* 

mandy. 
Cap. 4. Concerning amendment of 

records orprocefs after judgment. 
Cap. 5. For making (heriffs and ef- 

cheators. 
Cap. 6. Concerning the mint and 

coinage at Calais. 
Cap 7. Againft offenders in Ridef- 

dale, &c. in Northumberland. 
Cap. 8. Certain fcholars of Oxford to 

be expelled for certain offences. 
Cap. 9. Religious perfons (hall not 

be appointed to collect difmes or 

fubfidies out of their county. 
Cap. 10. Concerning the meafure of 

keels to carry fea-coal to Newcq/lle. 
Cap. 11. No Englijb gold (hall be re- 
ceived in payment but by the ' 

King's weight. 
Cap. 12. Concerning Rochejler bridge* 

Anno 9 Hen. $.JIat. 2. 

Cap. 1. A confirmation of all fla- 
tutes not repealed, made concern- 
ing money. 

Cap. 2. Concerning the King's ex- 
changes of money in London. 

Cap. 3. For payment of good nun 
ney at the King's exchanges. 

Cap. 4. For bringing the money re- 
ceived for the exchange to the 
Tower. 

Cap. 5. Concerning the mint at Ca- 
lais. 

Cap. 6. For good allay and weight of 
money. 

Cap. 7. For the weight of gold mo- 
ney. 

Cap, 8. Againft counterfeiters and 
makers of falfe weights. 

Cap. 9. Concerning exchange to the 
court of Rome. 

Cap. iOr For relief of collectors of 
difmes and quinzifmes. 

Cap. 11. For repair of certain roads 
and bridges about Abingdon. 

Anno 1 Henry 6. 
Cap. 1. The King's council may af- 
fign money to be coined in as many 
places as they will. 

Cap. 



A TABLE of the STATUTES. 



bap. ^2. For proclamations of the 

ftatutes of purveyors. 
Cap. 3. What Irijbmen may refort 

to England. 
Cap. 4. Concerning the mint and 
exchanges. 

Cap. 5. For the wages of thofe who 
ferved the late King in his wars 
and for redemption of the jewels 
mortgaged by him. 
Cap. 6. t or revival of the ftatute of 
the 9 Hen. 5. c. 9. concerning ex- 
changes to the court of Rome. 

Anno 2 Hen. 6. 

Cap. 1. A confirmation of the liber- 
ties of the church and of all cities, 
boroughs, &c. 

Cap. 2. concerning the rights of the 
hofpital of St. Leonard in Turk. 

Cap. 3. That John duke of Bedford 
being in the Kind's fervice in 
France , (hall be received to defend 
his right by attorney. 

Cap. 4. Tor the ftaple at Calais. 

Cap. 5. Concerning exportation of 
wools, &c. 

Cap. 6. Againft exportation of gold 
and filver. 

Cap. 7. Againft cordwainers ufing 
the myftery of a tanner. 

Cap. 8. Iri/bmen reforting to Eng- 
land (hall put in furety for their 
good abeanng. 

Cap. 9. For abolifliing the money 
called blanks. 
A penalty on deceitful workers 

of gold and filver embroidery. 
Concerning the reverfel of outlaw- 
ries .againft perfons in the King's 
fervice. 
Thejuftices (hall remove nuifanccs 
. in the Thames. 

Cap. 10. Concerning the appoint- 
ment of inferior officers in the 
King's courts. 

Cap. 11. For the feveral meafures 
of veflels of wine, fifli, &c. 

Cap. 12. Concerning the duty of 
the officers of the mint. 

Cap. 13. Concerning the price of 



filver plate and for increafe of 

white money. 
Cap. 14. Concerning the finenefs 
and marks of harnefs of filver. 

For punifhmont of labourers, ice. 
taking unreafonable wages. 
Cap. 15. Againft nets and engines 

in the Thames and other rivers. 
Cap. 16. A remedy for reverfioners 

where the particular tenants have 

loft by default. 
Cap. 17. Perfons indi&ed of high 

treafon, efcaping out of prifon, 

(hall be adjudged traitors. 

Anno 3 Hen. 6. 
Cap. z. Againft chapiters andaflem- 

blies of mafons. 
Cap. 2. Againft the exporting of 

ftieep. 
Cap. 3. Againft concealing of the 

King's cuftoms. 
Cap. 4. Concerning the tranfporta* 

tion of butter and cheefe. 
Cap. 5 Concerning the river Ley x 

running from Ware to Thames. ■ - 

Anno 4 Hen. 6. 
Cap. 1. Concerning the duty of (he-. 

riffs and for the returning of writs* 
Cap. 2. For protections of fuch as 

ferved in the King's wars in 

France. 
Cap. 3. For amendment of records. 
Cap. 4. Againft abatement of pro- 

cefles againft certain that were late 

made knights. 
Cap. 5. Concerning the exportation 

of corn. , 

Anno 6 Hen. 6. 
Cap. 1. Concerning procefs on in-* 

di6hnents in the King's bench. 
Cap. 2. How long time panels (hall 

be delivered to the parties in affifc 

before the feffions of thejuftices. '' 
Cap. 3. Concerning the wages of 

labourers, &c. and penalty for 

taking more. 
Cap. 4. Concerning the ele&ion of 

knights, &c. of the parliament. 
Cap. 5. For commiflions of fewer*. 

A 2 Cap, 



A TABLE of the STATUTES. 



Cap. 6. For (hipping merchandife 
from Melcomb haven to Calais. 
Anno 8 Hen. 6. 

Cap. i. For the privilege of the cler- 
gy coming to the convocation. 

Cap. 2. Concerning the flaple of 
Denmark. 

Cap. 3. Concerning fewers. 

Cap. 4. Againft giving liveries and 
retainers. 

Cap. 5. For a common balance and 
weight to be in every city, &c* 
and againft the buying of woolen 
yam. 

Cap. 6. Againft cafting threatning 
bills into houfes. 

Cap. 7. Concerning the election of 
knights of the parliament. 

Cap. 8. Concerning the wages of 
labourers, &c. 

Cap. 9. Againft forcible entries. 

Cap. 10. Concerning procefs upon 

* indilhnents and appeals, againft 
perfons dwelling in foreign coun- 
ties. 

Cap. 11. Concerning apprentices 
taken by the citizens of London. 

Cap. 12. For amendments and a- 
gainft embezzeling of records. 

Cap. 13. Concerning protections for 
thofc that (hall go with the King 
into France. 

Cap. 14. jAgainft felons that hide 
themfelves in woods, &c. 

Cap. 15. For amendment of records 
and procefles. 

Cap. 16. Concerning inquifitions 
taken by efcheators. 

Cap. ly. Concerning the ftaple at 
Calais. 

Cap. 1 8. Concerning the price of 
ftaple goods and the mint at Calais. 

Cap. 19. Againft clandeftine expor- 
tation of merchandises. 

Cap. 20. Concerning inhabitants of 
Calais buying ftaple goods. 

Cap. 21. Repeal of licences for (hip- 
ping goods to other places than 
Calais. 

Cap. 22; Againft forcing, clacking, 
.or bearing of wools. 



Cap. 23. Againft the exportation of 
woolen thrums. 

Cap. 24. Againft payments in gold 
made to merchants aliens. 

Cap. 25. That the mayor of the 
ftaple (hall continue two years in 
his office. 

Cap. 26. Againft defendants making 
default in affifes, &c. to put any 
mayors, lords, &c. from their ju- 
rifdi&ion. 

Cap. 27. For the free navigation of 
the Severn by the inhabitants of 
Tewksbury. 

Cap. 28. For eredting two bridges 
over the waters of Burford and 
Culhamford in the county of Ox- 
ford. 

Cap. 29. For inquefts demedietate lin-> 
gua where an alien is party. 
Anno 9 Hen. 6. 

Cap. I. For the adjournment of af- 
fifes and Nlft prius during th* 
parliament. 

Cap. 2. That Englijb merchants may 
fell to aliens, giving them only fix 
months credit. 

Cap. 3. A confirmation of the at- 
tainder of Owen Glendower. 

Cap. 4. That executors, &c. (lull 
maintain an Idemptitate nominis. 

Cap. 5. For free navigation by all 
men in the river of Severn. 

Cap. 6. Concerning the right of 
weighing of the borough of Dor- 
cbefier. 

Cap. 7. Againft extortion by tht 
(henffs, &c. of Hereford/hire. 

Cap. 8. The weight of a wey of 
cheefe. 

Cap. 9. For granting a commiffion 
to cleanfe and amend the river Ley. 

Cap. 10. Concerning attornies in 
courts baron for abbots and reli- 
gious perfons. 

Cap. 11. Proclamations to be made 
before a writ of baftardy (hall be 
awarded. 

Anno 10 Hen. 6. 

Cap. 1. Fo* the validity of recogni- 
zances 



A TABLE of the STATUTES. 



%ances of the ftaple taken before 

the mayor pf Calais. 
Cap. 2. Concerning the ele&ors of 

the knights of the parliament. 
Cap. 3. For reprifal of goods taken 

by the fubje&s of Denmark. 
Cap. 4. Againft any falfe entry of 

appearances by philiz,ers or other 

officers. 
Cap. 5. Concerning the maintenance 

of certain places about Calais. 
Cap. 6. What procefs (hall be a- 

warded upon indi&ments and ap- 
peals removed into the King's 

bench. 
Cap. 7. Againft carrying ftaple mer- 

chandifes to other places than to 

Calais. 

Anno 10 Hen. 6. flat. 2. 
Concerning the wages of the King's 
judges, (erjeants, &c. 

jfnno 11 Hen. 6. 
Cap. 1. Againft the ftewholders in 

Southward being impanelled up- 
on juries or keeping any inn or 

tavern but there. 
Cap. 2. Againft naming of fheriffs 

difteifors in affife. 
Cap. 3. That an a6Hon, &c. (hall be 

maintainable againft the pernor of 

the profits. 
Cap. 4. The plaintiffs in attaint (hall 

recover their cofts and damages. 
Cap. 5. That he in the reverfion 

may have wafte againft the pernors 

of the profits. 
Cap. 6. No fuit pending before any 

juftices, &c. (hall be difcootinu^ 

by a new commiffion. 
Cap. 7. A revival for three years 5 

of the ftatute of the 9 Hen. 6. c 7. 

againft extortion by the (heriffs of 

Hereford/hire. 
Cap. 8, A confirmation of alj the 

ftatutes for true weights and mea- 

fures. 
Cap. 9. For the length and breadth 

of cloths called ftreits. 
Cap. 10. He that fues to an execution 

upon a ftatute, (hall find furety to 



fatisfy both the King and the party. 
Cap. 11. For punifhment of auaults 
made on perfons coming to the 
parliament. 

Cap. 12. Concerning wax chandlers. 

Cap. 13. A confirmation for three 
years, of the ftatute of the 8 Hen. 6. 
c. 18. concerning the ftaple at Ca- 
lais, and felling there for ready 
money. 

Cap. 14. Againft (hipping ftaple 
merchandifes in creeks. 

Cap. 1 5. For the difcharge of mer- 
chants that have paid their cuftom. 

Cap. 16. Againft cuftomers making 
blank cockets to merchants. 
Anno 14 Hen. 6. 

Cap. 1. That iuftices of Nifi prius 
may give judgment where one it 
either attainted or acquitted. 

Cap. 2. Concerning licences for (hip- 
ping of wools, &c. 

Cap. 3. For holding the aflizes for 
the county of Cumberland at Car* 
lifle. 

Cap. 4. Juftices of the peace in 
Middle/ex may keep their feffions 
but twice in the "year. 

Cap. 5. For the forfeiture of ftaple 
merchandifes (hipped in creeks, 
kc. 

Cap. 6. For aliens to fell victuals in 
grofe or retail. 

Cap. 7. That merchandifes taken in 
enemies (hips, though belonging 
to foreigners in amity, (hall not be 
rcftored. 

Cap. 8. For fufpending the ftatute 
againft breakers of truce, &c. 

Anno 15 Hen. 6. 

pap. 1. Where in fuit before the 
fteward andmarlhal of the King's 
houfe, the defendant may plead 
that the plaintiff or he are not of 
the King's houfe. 

Cap. 2. Concerning the exportation 
of corn. 

Cap. 3. Concerning fafe condu&s. 

Cap. 4. None (hall fue a jfubpoena 
until he find furety to fatisfy the 
A 3 &fc»- 



A TABLE of the STATUTES. 



defendant's coft$ if he does not ve- 
, rify his bill. 
Cap. j. Concerning the fufficiency 

of jurors returned in writs of at- 
taint. 
Cap. 6. Againft unlawful orders 

made by guilds and other com- 
.. panics. 
Cap. 7. That religious perfons may 

make attornies in certain courts, 

&c. 
Cap. 8. Againft (hipping merchan- 

difes of the ftaple, but at wharfs 

affigned, &c. 

Anno 18 Hen. 6. 

Cap. i. Letters patents (hall bear 

the date of the King's warrant 
, delivered into the chancery. 
Cap. 2. They who have gavelkind 

lands to the yearly value of twenty 

pounds may be returned in at- 
taints. 
Cap. 3. For exportation of butter 

and cheefe to other places than 

Calais. 
Cap. 4. Againft merchants aliens 

idling merchandifes here to other 

merchants aliens, &c. 
Cap. 5. Concerning collectors of dif- 

mes and fifteens. 
Cap. 6. No lands (hall be granted by 

letters patents before the King's 

title be found. 
Cap. 7. For returning of offices by 

efcheators. 
Cap. 8. What things are requifite to 

make the King's fafe condu<5t good. 
Cap. 9. Concerning entries by exi- 

gentors and philizers. 
Cap. 10. For awarding commiffions 

of fewers during ten years. 
Cap. 1 1 . What yearly value in lands 

a juftice of peace ought to have. 
Cap. 12. Appeals or indictments 

luppofed in a place where there is 

jione fuch, (hall be void. 
Cap. 13. Concerning forfeitures on 

outlawries in the county of Lan- 

cafltr. 
Cap. 14. Againft bribery in making 



of arrays and panels of juries. 
Cap. 15. Againft the carriage of 

wools to other places than to Calais. 
Cap. 16. That there (hall be but 

one meafure of cloth through th« 

realm. 
Cap. 17. For gauging veflels of wine, 

oil and honey. 
Cap. 18. Againft captains detaining 

any part of their foldiers wages. 
Cap. 19. Againft foldiers departing 

without licence from their captains. 

Anno 20 Hen. 6. 

Cap. 1. For the inrollment of fafe 
conduits in the chancery. 

Cap. 2. Concerning the forfeiturt 
on outlawries in the county of 
Laneajler. 

Cap. 3. That robberies, &c. by tht 
borderers in Wales (hall be high 
treafon. 

Cap. 4. Concerning duties to be paid 
tor carrying wools to any other 
place than die ftaples. 

Cap. c. That no cuftomer, comp- 
troller, &c. (hall have a (hip of his 
own, ufe merchandife, keep a 
wharf or inn, or be a fa6tor. 

Cap. 6. Concerning the exportation 
of corn. 

Cap. 7. For the forfeiture of goods 
brought from Wales into England 
and notcuftomed. ' 

Cap. 8. Againft purveyors taking 
cattle to the value of forty (hillings 
and not making prefent payment. 

Cap 9. The order of trial of coun- 
tries, &c. by their peers. 

Cap. 10. Concerning the making of 
worfteds in tfonvich. 

Cap. 11. For taking away the pain 
of high treafon in cafe of breaking 
truces and fafe conduits. 

Cap. 12. Concerning the partition 
for wools by the mayor, &c. of tht 
ftaple of Calais. 

Anno 23 Hen. 6. 
Cap. 1, & 2. Concerning purveyors. 
Cap. 3. Concerning the exportation 
of woolen thrums. 

Cap. 



A TABLE of the STATUTES. 



Cap. 4. Concerning the making of 
worfteds in Norfolk. 

Cap. c. For apprehending outlawed 
IVelJbmen referring into Hereford- 
/hire. 

Cap. 6. Confirmation of the ftatute 
of the 15 Hen. 6.c. 2. for exporta- 
tion of corn. 

Cap. 7. Again** gathering of head- 
pence by the iheriff of Northumber- 
land 

Cap. 8. That no one (hall be fheriff, 
under-fheriff, or flierifFs clerk, 
above one year, except the city of 
London. 

Cap. 9. Concerning commiffioners 
of fewers. 

Cap. 10. Againft (heriffs ferpning 
their bailiwicks, committing ex- 
tortion, &c. 

Cap. n. For levying the wages of the 
knights of the parliament. 

Cap. 12. Concerning the trial of new 
foreign pleas, pleaded after iffue 
joined* 

Cap. 13. Concerning the wages of 
(ervants in husbandry and la- 
bourers. 

Cap. 14. Againft purveyors. 

Cap. 15. Concerning election of 
knights, Ac. for the parliament. 

Cap. 16. Concerning the office of 
gaugers. 

Cap. 17. Concerning inquefts taken 
by efcheators and their fees. 

Cap. 18. Againft new impofitions on 
thofe who buy wines in Gafcony 
and Guy en. 

Anno 25 Hen. 6. 
Againft IVelJbmen. 

Anno 27 Hen. 6. 

Cap. 1. Reftraint from importing the 
produce of Brabant, &c. 

Cap. 2. Againft the exportation of 
wools, &c. to any place, but Ca- 
lais. 

Cap. 2. Againft the exportation of 
gold or filver by merchants aliens. 

Cap. 4. A confirmation of the ftatute 



of 20 Hen. 6. c. 3. againft Wiljb+ 

men. 
Cap. 5. Againft holding fairs and 

markets upon Sundays and certain 

feftival days. 
Cap. 6. The King's pardon to the 

clergy. 

Anno 28 Hen. 6. 

Cap. 1. A confirmation of the ref- 
traint from importing the pro- 
duce of Brabant, &c. 

Cap. 2. Concerning purveyors. 

Cap. 3. The King's pardon td (he- 
riffs, &c. for occupying their places 
above a year. 

Cap. 4. Againft Weljbmen and Lan- 
cajhiremen taking goods or cattle 
under colour of diftrefs. 

Cap. 5. Againft extortions, &c by 
officers of the cuftoms. 

Anno 29 Hen . 6. 
Cap. 1. Attainder of Jack Cadi. 
Cap. 2. Againft breakers of truces, 

fafe condu&s, &c. 
Cap. 3. For repealing patents of 

exemption, &c. granted to citizens 

otYork. 

Anno 31 Hen. 6. 

Cap. 1. Confirmation of the attain- 
der of Jack Cade. 

Cap. 2. Againft rioters difobeying 
privy feals and the King's' procla- 
mation. 

Cap. 3. Concerning attachments 
made by the wardens of the mar- 
ches towards Scotland. 

Cap. 4. For remedy of thofe who 
having a fafe conduct, are rob- 
bed upon the fea. 

Cap. k. That no cuftomer, comp- 
troller, aulnager, &c (hall have 
any eftate certain in his office. 

Cap. 6. Concerning forfeitures by 
thofe who are outlawed in Lan- 
cajbire. 

Cap. 7. That rewards, &c. to. the 
King's officers (hall not be included * 
in the ftatute of refumption. 

Cap. 



A TABLE of the STATUTES. 



Cap. 8. Concerning a fubfidy before 
granted to the King on wools, fells, 
and cloth exported. 

Cap. 9. A remedy for women en- 
forced to be bound by ftatute or 
obligation. 

Anno 33 Hen. 6. 

Cap. 1. A remedy for executors a- 
gainft fervants that embezzle their 
mafters goods after his death. 

Cap. 2. A repeal of the ftatute of the 
31 H. 6. c. 6. concerning outlaw- 
ries in Lancajbire. 

Cap. 3. Aeainft extortions commit- 
ted by officers of the exchequer. 

Cap. 4. Concerning brewers in Kent. 

Cap. 5. Againft the importation of 
wrought filk belonging to the my- 
ftery of filk women. 

Cap. 6. Concerning the abbot of 
Fountain in Ybrk/bire. 

Cap. 7. Concerning the number of 
attornies in Norfolk* Suffolk, and 
ffarwichi 

Ann* 39 Henry 6. 
Cap. 1. A repeal of all the acts of 
the parliament held at Coventry, 
20 die Novembrisj anno 37 H. 6. 
Cap. 2. That women of the age of 
14 years, at the death of their an- 
ccftors, (hall have livery of their 
lands. 

Anno 1 Edw. 4. 

Cap. 1. What adls done by King 

Henry IV. K. Henry V. and K. 

Henry VI. (hall continue good, and 

what not. 
Cap. 2. Concerning procefs upon 

indictments and presentments in 

(heriffs tourns. 

Anno 3 Edw. 4. 

Cap. 1. Concerning the exportation 

of wools, fells, (horlings, &c. 
Cap. 2. Againft the importation of 

corn until it (hall exceed certain 

prices. v 
Cap. 3. Againft the importation of 

wrought filV, concerning the my- 

ftery of filk- workers. 



Cap. 4. Againft the importation of 
certain merchandifes ready wrought. 
Cap, 5. Concerning apparel. 

Anno 4 Edw. 4. 

Cap. 1. Concerning the length and 
breadth of cloths, and againft the 
importation of cloths wrought be- 
yond fea. 

Cap. 2. Concerning the exportation 
of Englifl) wool to the ftaple at Ca- 
lais. 

Cap. 3. Concerning the exportation 
of merchandifes of the ftaple from 
Ncwcajlle to Calais. 

Cap. 4. Concerning the manner of 
contracting for wool in certain 
counties. 

Cap, 5. Againft the importation of 
merchandifes of the duchy of Bur- 
gundy. 

Cap. 6. Concerning merchants ali- 
ens employment of their money 
upon commodities of this realm. 

Cap. 7. Concerning cordwainers in 
London, or within three miles 
thereof. 

Cap. 8. Concerning homers in the 
city of London. 

Cap. 9. Concerning patten-mak- 
ers. 

Cap. 10. That the paflage of pil- 
grims (hall be only at Dover. 

Anno 7 Edw. 4. 
Cap. 1. Concerning worfted weavers 

in the city of Norwich and the 

county of Norfolk. 
Cap. 2. Concerning cloths made in 

the hundreds of Lifton y TaviJlock y 

and Rowburgb in Devon/hire. 
Cap. 3. Againft the exportation of 

woolen yarn, or cloth unfulled. 
Cap. 4. Concerning grants made by 

the King. 
Cap. 5. How lands coming to the 

Kine by attainder, and granted to 

anotner, (hall be held. 

Anno 8 Edw. 4. 
Cap. 1. Concerning the dimenfions, 
&c. of woolen cloths. 

Cap. 



A TABLE of the STATUTES. 



Cap. 2. Concerning liveries of com- 
panies. 
Cap. 3. Concerning jurors in Mid- 

dlejex. 
Cap. 4. For pardon of (heriffs, &c. 

exercifing their offices above one 

year. 

Anno \% Edw. $. 
Cap. 1. A fherifF, not being dis- 
charged, may occupy his office 

during Michaelmas term. 
Cap. 2. Four bow ftaves (hall be 

brought into this realm for every 

tun of merchandife. 
Cap. 3. For the payment of a fubfidy 

granted to the King during his life. 
Cap. 4. Concerning liveries to be 

given by the prince of Wales. 
Cap. 5. Concerning the exportation 

of wools. 
Cap. 6. Concerning the fewers. 
Cap. 7. Againft wears and fifh- 

gartns. 
Cap. 8. The chief governors only of 

cities, &c. (hall have the fearch- 

ing and furveying of victual, and 

patents to fearchers and furveyors 

of vi<5hial (hall be void. 
Cap. 9. Concerning the office of ef- 

cheators. 

Anno 14 Edw. 4. 
Cap. 1. For the benefit of the King's 

tenants going in his wars. 
Cap. 2. Concerning protections of 

iuch as go in the King's wars. 



Cap. 3. Concerting the exportation 

of wools and fells. 
Cap. 4* A confirmation of ftatutes 

made againft the breakers of truce, 

&c. 

Anno 17 Edw. 4. 

Cap. 1. An a& concerning money. 

Cap. 2. For courts of Pie-powders. 

Cap. 3. Againft unlawful games. 

Cap. 4. Concerning the making of 
tile. 

Cap. 5. Concerning the fealing of 
cloths. 

Cap. 6. That the old flieriff may exe- 
cute his office during the refidile of 
Michaelmas and Hillary term, after 
his year ended, if he has not be- 
fore his writ of difcharge. 

Cap. 7. A repeal of the parliament 
held anno 9 Ed. 4. and 49 Hen. 6. 

Anno 22 Edw. 4. 
Cap. 1. An a<ft concerning apparel. 
Cap. 2. Concerning the packing of 

barrell'd fifh. 
Cap. 3. Concerning (ilk-workers. 
Cap. 4. For limiting the price of 

bows. 
Cap. 5. Concerning the fulling of 

hats and caps. 
Cap. 6. Concerning fwans. 
Cap. 7. An aft for inclofing woods 

in forefts, chafes, and purlieus. 
Cap. 8. Concerning the town and 

freemen of Berwick. 



The End of the TABLE. 



THE 

STATUTES at Large, &c. 



Anno primo HENRICI V. 

Statutes made at JVeJiminJier in the firft year of 
the reign of King Henry the Fifth, and in the 
year of our Lord 141 3. 

NOSTRE feignur lc Roy /~\UR lord the King, at bis 
a fon parlement tenuz a V-/ parliament holden at Weft- 

minfter in the third week of 
Eafter, thefirflyearofhisreign* 
by the advice and ajjint of the 
lords fpiritual and temporal, and. 
at the /pedal in/lance and requeft 
of the commons of this realm, hath 
ordained and ejfablijbed divers 
Jlatutes and ordinances in the 
form following. 



Weftm* a les trois femaignes 
dc Pafchc Ian de fon regne pri- 
mere de ladvis & aftent des 
feignurs efpirituelx & tempo- 
relx & a les efpecialx inftaunce 
& requeft des communes de 
fon roialme ad ordeignez & 
eftabliz diverfes ordinaunces 
& eftatuts en la fourme qen- 
feute. 

CAP. L 

What fort of people Jlatt be chofen, and who Jhall be the 

cboofers of the knights and burgejfes of the parliament. 

PRimerement qe les eftatutz T7IRST, That the ftatutes of Raft. ^ 
faitz de la election des -F the election of the knights 

of the (hires to come to the 



chivalers des countees pur ve- 
nir au parlement foient tenuz 
& gardez en toutz pointz ad- 
jouftant a ycelles qe les chiva- 
lers des countees qe defores 
ferrount cfluz en chefcun coun- 
tee ne foient efluz fils ne foient 
refeauntz deinz les countees ou 
ils ferrount iflint efluz le jour 
de la date du brief de fomons 
de parlement et qe les chiva- 
lers & efquiers & autres qi fer- 
rount eilifours des tielx chi- 
valers des countees foient auxi 
refeauntz deins mefmes les 
countees en maniere & fourme 
come deflus eft dit. Et outre 
ceo ordeignez eft & eftabliz qe 
Vox. m. les 



to come to 
parliament, be holden and kept 
in all points ; (2) adjoining to ^^ ^ 
the fame, That the knights of (hall be chofen 
the (hires which from hence- and who (hall 
forth (hall be chofen in every **f l ^ e 
(hire, be not chofen unlefs they SHSJiS 
be refident within the (hire citizens and 
where they (hall be chofen the burgefle* for 
day of the date of the writ of JJjfJJ* rUa ' 
the fummons of the parlia- """"* 
ment ; (3) and that the knights 
and efquires, and others which 
(hall be choofers of thofe 
knights of the (hires, be alfo 
refident within the fame 
(hires, in manner and form 
form as is aforefaid. (4) And 
B more* 



ment. 



Anno primo Henrici V. \_ l 4-i$* 

moreover it is ordained and les citeins & burgeifes des citees 



7 H.4.C.15. 
J c c.7. 
j H 6. c. *. 
c 11. 6. C.15. 



eftabliihed, That the citizens 
and burgeffes of the cities and 
boroughs be chofen men, citi- 
zens and burgeffes refiant, 
dwelling and free in the fame 
cities and boroughs, and no 
other in any wife. 

CAP 



& burghs foient efluz hommes 
citeins & burgeifes refeauntfc 
domurrauntz 6c enfraunchifes 
en mefmes les cites & burghs 
& nulles autres en nulle ma- 



nere. 



II. 



A confirmation of former ft atutes touching wears ^ mills \ 
kidelsj &c. 



— r ,l.;.ftat.4. 
c.+. 

4 ii.+. C.ll 



ITEM, becaufe that great com- 
plaint hath been made to our 
faid lord the King in this prefent 
parliament, for that the Jlatutes 
made in the time of his noble pro- 
genitors Kings of England, of the 
levying and Jlraiting of wears, 
mills, flanks, jlakes, and kidels, be 
not kept according to the form and 
effeel cf the fame Jlatutes, to the 
great damage of the people of the 
realm 0/* England; (2) our faid 
lprd the King that now is, by 
the advice and affent of the 
lords fpiritual and temporal, 
and at the requeft of the faid 
commons, will and grant, That 
the faid ftatutes and ordinances 
be furely holden and kept, and 
put in aue execution. 

CAP 



Ex r*'\t Raft. 
Confpiracy. 

■1 nf 

ta.ie deeds. 
Kvii«v.no. b. 



Rep 5EI1Z. 



ITEM pur ce qe graunde 
compleinte ad efte faite a 
noftre dit feignur le Roy en le 
dit parlement de ce qe les efta- 
tutz faitz en temps de fes no- 
bles progenitours delesenhan- 
ceur & eftreiture des gors des 
moleyns eftankes eftakes & ki- 
deux ne font pas tenuz ne 
gardes folonc les fourme & ef- 
feci de mefmes les eftatuts a 
graunt damage du poeple & du 
roialme mefme noftre feignur 
le Roy de ladvis & affent fuif- 
ditz & a la requeft des dites 
communes voet & graunte qe 
les ditz eftatuts foient ferment 
tenuz & gardes & mys en due 
execution. 

III. 



The penalty for forging or publifhing a falfe deed. 

ITEM, whereas many of the King's liege people which have manors* 
lands , or tenements, by pur chafe or by defcent of inheritance or in 
any other manner, intending to be in peace and reft in their faid tenures 
as they were wont to be, divers evil difpofed perfons, fome of their own 
head, and fome by falfe confpiracy and covin, fubtilly imagine and forge 
of new divers falj e deeds and minimenfs^ ana them do openly to be pro- 
nounced, pubhjhcd, and read, to trouble and change the lands of good 
people of the country, and to undo and trouble the poffeffions and titles 
ofthejaid King's liege people, by the which imagination andfalfity many 
of the aforefaid liege people be troubled and vexed, and at all times 
abiding in doubt of their poffeffions and eflate : our fovereign lord the 
King willing to purvey a remedy in this cafe, by the advice and 
affent aforeiaid, and at the requeft of the faid commons hath 
ordained and eftablifhed, That the party fo grieved (hall have 
% his fuit in that cafe, and recover his damages, and the party con- 
via (hall make fine- and ranfom at the King's plcafure. 

. CAP. 



*4*3-l 



Anno prfmo Henrici V. 



3 



CAP. IV. 

Sheriffs bailiffs /ball not be in the fame office in three years 
after. Sheriffs officers fhall not be attornies. 

TTEM, for as much as the 



ITEM pur ceo qc les lieges 
noftre feignur le Roy nofent 
my purfuir ne compleindre des 
extorfions & oppreflions a eux 
faitz par les miniftres des vif- 
countes ceftaflavoir par fouth- 
vifcountz clerks des vifcountes 
refceyvours & baillifs des vif- 
countes a caufe qe les ditz 
fouthvifcountes clerks refcei- 
vours & baillifs des vifcountes 
fount fv continuelment de an 
en an demurrauntz ovefqe les 
vifcountes enterchaungeable- 
ment en un office ou en autre 
noftre feignur le Roy de ladvis 
& aflent Tuifdit & a la requeft 
des. ditz communes ad ordeig- 
nez & eftabliz qe ceux qi fount 
baillifs des vifcountz par un an 
pe foient en nul tiel office par 
les trois ans profchein enfuantz 
forfpris les bailliffs des vifcoun- 
tes queux font enheriteez en 
lour vifcounteeset qe nul fouth- 
vifcount ne clerk de vifcount 
refceivour ne baillif de vifcount 
foit attourne en aucun court de 
Roy pur le temps qil eft en of- 
fice au aucun tiel vifcount. 

CAP. V. 

In which original writs additions of the defendants names 
Jhall be put. 

ITEM ordeignez eft & efta- TTEM, it is ordained and « Co. ty. 
bliz qen chefcun brief ori- 1 eftabliftied, That in every cro faVlfo. 

original writ of a&ions perfo- Dyer, 46- IO# 
nals, appeals, and indictments, Bro. Addit. 4* 
and in which the exigent (hall s»7 -— &c« 



King's liegt people dare not 
purfue or complain of the extorfi- 
ons and of the opprejjions to them 
done fa the officers oj Jheriffs, that 
is to fay, by under~Jberiffs, clerks 
ofjheriffs, receivers ana bailiffs of 
sheriffs, becaufe that the faid un- 
der-Jheriffsy clerks, receivers, and 
bailiffs be continually, from year to 
year, abiding with thejbertffs in- " 
terchangeably out of one office into 
another ; (2) our lord the King, The (heriff* 
by the advice and aflent afore- JjJjJ* £*** 
faid, and at the requeft of the ^ me oflfco 
faid commons, hath ordained three year% 
and eftablifhed, That they after, 
which be bailiffs of (heriffs by 
one year, (hall be in no fuch 
office by three years next fol- 
lowing, except bailiffs of (he- 
riffs which be inheritable in 
their (heriffwicks. (3) And Sheriffs offi. 
that no under-fheriff, fheriff's ? eri A»» ** 
clerk, receiver, nor fheriff's * attorwci - 
bailiff, be attorney in the King's 
courts during the time that ne 
is in office with any fuch (he- 
riff. 



bliz qen chefcun brief ori- 
ginal des adtions perfonelx & 
appelles & enditementz en 

queux exigend' ferra agardez _ 

qa les nouns des defendauntz be awarded, in the names of , ^J v - ,6# 



em tieux briefs originalx ap 
pelks & enditementz foient 
faitz additions de lour eftat ou 
degree ou de miftere & les villcs 
ou tumelles ou lieux & les 
countccs dct queux ils furent 

ou 



the defendants in fuch writs J 
original, appeals and indict- 
ments, additions (hall be made 
of their cftate or degree, or my- 
ftery, and of the towns, orhanu 
lets, or places, and countiestp.. 
B a of ' 



3* 



« 



Anno primo Henrici V: t*4*3' 

of the which they were, or be, ou fount ou en queux ils font 



In original ^ 
writs wherein 
exigent (hall 
be awarded, 
additions of 
the defendants 
names (hall be 
put. . 



Hob. 129. 
Surplufage of 
additions (hall 
not prejudice, 
jytad. cafes in 
law, 5*. 



9H.6.C.U, 
5. El.c.13. 



Ex edit. Raft. 
Wakt. 



or in which they be or were 
converfant ; (2) and if by pro- 
cefs upon the faid original 
writs, appeals, or indictments, 
in the which the faid additions 
be omitted, any utlagaries be 
pronounced, that they be void, 
fruftrate, and holden tor none ; 

(3) and that before the utla- 
garies pronounced, the faid 
writs and indi&ments (hall be 
abated by the exception of the 
party, where in the fame the 
faid additions be omitted. 

(4) Provided always, That 
though the faid writs of addi- 
tions perfonals be not accord- 
ing to the records and deeds, 
by the furplufage of the addi- 
tions aforefaid, that for that 
caufe they be not abated ; 

(5) and that the clerks of the 
chancery, under whofe names 
fuch writs (hall go forth writ- 
ten, (hall not leave out, or make 
omiflion of the faid additions as 
is aforefaid, upon pain to be pu- 
nched, and to make a fine to 
the King, by the difcretion of 
the chancellor. (6) And this 
ordinance (hall begin to hold 
place at the fuit of the party, 
from the feaft of St. Michael 
next enfuing forward. 

CAP. VI. 

No Welfliman Jhall take revenge againft tbofe Englifhmen 
which didpurfue their friends in the late rebellion. 

ITEM, whereas in the time of this rebellion of Wales, marry of 
the King's lawful liege people as well Engli(hmen as Wellhmen 
have been in divers parts *f Wales upon the correction of rebels, there by 
the commandment cf the fame our fovereign lord the Ktng and his coun- 
cil, at the which tmefome of the faid rebels as well on horfeback as on 
foot, found armed in making of war againjl their faith and liegeance 
were jlain, andfome maimed, beaten, wounded, taken and imprifoned, 
their goods and chattels carried away by the faid liege people for the 
caufe aforefaid, as it was well lawful, according as by our faid five- 
reign lord the King and his council afore this time hath been ordained 
in this iehalf, and that notwithjlanding many of the faid rebels being 
jet alive ^ and other next of blood to thefe rebels Jo dead with their 

friends 



ou ferront converfauntz. Et fi 
par procefle fur les ditz briefs 
originalx appelles ou endite- 
mentes en queux les ditz addi- 
tions foient entreleflez aucunes 
utlagariez foient pronunciez 
qils foient voidez irritez & te- 
nuz pur null & qe avaunt les 
utlagaries pronunciez les ditz 1 
briefs & enditementes foient 
abatuz par exception du partie 
par la ou en icelles les ditz ad- 
ditions foient cnterleflez. Pur- 
veux toutfoitz qe mefqe les 
dites briefs da<5tions perfonelx 
ne foient accordauntz as re- 
cordes ou faits par la fuperplu- 
fage des additions fuifditz qe 
pour celle caufe ils ne foient 
abatuz et qe les clerks de I2 
chauncellarie fouth qi noms 
tiels briefs iflerount efcriptz ne 
cnterleffent ne facent omiflion 
des ditz additions come defluis 
eft dit fur pevne deftre puniz 
affaire fyn a Roy par difcretion 
de chanceller. Et comencera 
cefte ordinance a tenir lieu a 
feute de partie de la fed de 
Seint Michel profchein ena- 
vaunt* 



T 4*3-J Anno primo Henrici V. 

friends now daily mate quarrels and great purfuit againfi the faid faith- 
ful liege people, dwelling or reftant in theft parts, and in the /hires be- 
ing next to Waltsfurmifing in them, that they fuch things as is afore- 
faid, to themfelves or to their coufins or friends falfly have done, by the 
which they demand of the /aid faithful liege people high amends* threat- 
tang that they otherwife would be of that avenged, whereby the faid 
faithful liege people be many times fore and grievoufy vexed in many 
parts and lordfhips of Wales, fome of them by indictments, accufements 
or impeachments, and Jome by menaces difircjfes taken, and fome by 
their body taken and imprifoned, until that they have made gree to them 
in this behalf or that they would them excufe of the death of fuch re- 
belsfojlain by one ajfache, after the cufiom of Wales, that is to fay by 
the oath of three hundred men, and of all fuch other trefpaffes before 
fpecified them acquit : to the great damage and definition of the faid 
faithful liege people, and evil example in time to come : it is ordained 
and eftabliflved, That fuch quarrel, a&ion, and demand be not 
made from henceforth by art nor by engine, to any of the faithful 
liege people, by any of them, which have been rebels, nor by* 
their adherents, be he coufin, ally, or friend, nor by any other, 
upon pain to pay to the party grieved his treble damages, and 
to be imprifoned by two years after that he be convift : and 
moreover to make fine and ranfom in this behalf before that he 
be delivered out of prifon. 

CAP. VII. 

A confirmation of the fiatute of 1 3 Rich. 2 . c. 3. nftraining 

aliens to accept any benefices in England. 

ITEM, whereas in the parliament holden at Weftminfter, in the Aliens. 
time of King Richard the Second, the xiii. year of his reign it was 
ordained, That no alien Frenchman Jhould have nor enjoy any benefice 
within this realm for certain caufe, which might come or happen, but 
that they Jhould be delivered and voided for ever out of the realm before 
a certain time in the faid ordinance limit, as in the fame is plainly con- Benefice, 

K tained. And that at what time that any priories aliens conventual or 
any other benefice or office due by the King's title, do void by the de- 
parting or death of the faid priors and other occupiers, that then there 
Jhould be during the wars, honefi Englilh perfons put in their place to 

- accomplijh the divine fervice, and none of the enemies afore faid. And 
netwithfianding the faid ordinance, the faid aliens Frenchmen, by evil 
imagination and brocage to continue the evil mifchiefs of the faid ordi- 
nance, pur chafe the Kings Utters patents to be denizens and the King's 
liege people andfwear the fame to continue, to the intent to occupy and 
enjoy the faid benefices, and fo yet occupy many benefices againft the faid 
ordinance, wbereoy thefe aliens Frenchmen beincreafed, in definition 
of the Kings liege people, and bear away out of the realm great treafure 
of the King's and of the realm's : and the lung's counfel difclofe to the 
enemies of France, to the great damage of the King and his realm : our 
Ibvereien lord the King coniidering the faid mifchiefs, will that 
the laid ordinances be firmly holden and kept, and put in due 
execution, except the priors aliens conventual, and alio all other 
pripfs which have inftitution and induction, fo that they be 9a* 

B3 tbpjick, 



6 Anno primo Henrici V. t*4*3* 

tholick, and that they (hall find furety, not to difclofe nor caufo 
to be difclofed the counfel nor the fecrets of the realm. 

CAP. VUL 
All Irilhmen and Irifh clerks beggars, Jhall depart this realm 
before tbefirjl day ^November, except graduates, fer~ 
jeants, £s? c. 

lriflimen and TTEM, for the quietnefs and peace within the realm of England, 

Irifli clerk* J^ and for the increafe and enjloring of the land ^Ireland, // is or- 

****** dained and eflabhjhed in this prefent parliament, That all Irijhmen 

and Irijh clerks beggars, called chamberdeacons, be voided out of 

the realm, betwixt the feaft of §t. Michael next coming, and the 

feaft of All Saint i next following, upon pain to lofe their goods, 

and to be imprifoned at the King's pleafure : except fuch as be 

graduates in the fchools, andferjeants and apprentices of the law, and 

fuch which be inheritors in England, and religious perfons profeffed, 

and except alfo the merchants born in Ireland of good name, and their 

apprentices now dwelling in England, and them with whom the King 

will difpenfe. And that all the Irifimen which have benefices or 

i H.5.C.3. offices in the land of Ireland, (hall dwell upon their offices or be- 

*H.6.c. I. nefices for the defence of the land of Ireland, aforefaid. 

CAP. DC. 

*tbe revenues of Calais fhall be employed to the maintenance 

of it. 

ITEM, forafmuch as in the time of the noble King Edward the 
Third, ana of King Richard the Second, all the revenues, profits, 
and commodities of the lands, tenements, fijbing cufloms, and all other 
profits, to the faid Kings belonging, in the town and marches of Calais, 
£alai*. it was ordained to be levied by the treafurer of Calais, for the time be- 

ing in fupportation of the charges of the fame town and marches, and 
fmce which time a great part of them have been reflrained by virtue of 
the faid letters patents to divers captains and many other perfons, as 
well by thejaid King Richard as by our redoubted fevcreign lord King 
Henry the Fourth, father of our Jovereign lord the King that now is, 
(o them thereof made, whereby fome by colour of farm not reafonable, 
and other without any thing thereof yielding, to the great damage of the 
realm <?/" England, and hindrance of the payments for the fujlentation 
of the faid town and marches to be done. And alfo forafmuch as divers 
offices of the colleclors of money coming of the faid revenues, cufloms, 
^profits, and commodities, which the laid treafurer of Calais, in the 
time aforefaid, ordained and aflignea to fufficient perfons, for whom he 
would anjwer, to tarry and be removed according as to him flmU beji 
feem to the King's profit, have been afterwards againfl the ancient or* 
dinances and the flatute in the parliament thereof made, by divers let- 
ters patents to divers perfons as well by the faid King Richard, as by 
eur fevcreign lord King Henry aforejaid, to them thereof made for 
term of their lives and otherwife occupied, and by colour 0/ the faid let- 
ters patents, fome of them fas it is faid) do the more negligently their 
fervues, without being juflified by toe treafurer aforefaid, to the great 
damage and hindrance of the payments aforefaid m times paft : mrfo- 

verei^n 



I4*3*!l Anno primo Henrici V. 7 

wreign lord the King willing to efcbewfucb damages in time to tome* 
'by the advice and affent aforefaid, and at the requeft ofthefaid com- 
mom, will and hath ordained and ejlablijhcd, That all the letters Letters pa- 
patents made to captains and other perfons, whatfoeverthey be, tcnts - 
as well of all manner of rents, lands, tenements, cuftoms, fifh- 
ings, and all other revenues, profits, and commodities in the 
faid town and marches, as of the offices of colle&ors of all 
rents, cuftoms, revenues, profits, and commodities to them 
thereof made before this time againft the ordinances aforefaid, 
be wholly revoked and adnulled, and that the faid revenues, 
profits and commodities, be refumed into the hands of our fo- 
vereign lord the King, and put upon the fuftentation of the 

Payments and charges to the faid town and marches belonging, 
rovided always, That my lord Thomas duke of Clarence, brother 
of our fovereign lord the King, be not reftrained by this ordi- 
nance and ftatute of any of his pofleflions in the faid marches. 
And that no captain of caflles there be put out of the faid caftles, 
nor keeping of the lame by force of this ordinance or ftatute. 

CAP. X. 
By what meafurt purveyors and others Jhall take and buy 

corn. 

ITEM, whereas in the time of the King's noble progenitors 
it was ordained, That one meafure of the corn (hould he 
through all the realm of England, that is to fay, eight bufhels 
for the quarter, and that every bufhel (hall contain eight gal- 
lons, by force of which ordinances fuch meafure hath been ufed, 
with a bufhel of the faid quarter heaped : (2) and notwith- 
ftanding the faid good ordinances and ufages, the purveyors of 
corn as well for the houfe of the father of our lord the King, as 
for the houfe of our lord the King, which now is, have taken 
before this time for the faid houfes continually nine bufhels of 
wheat, and of other corn for the quarter, and that many times 
by meafure not fealed, and alfo not ftricken, againft the will of 
the fellers of the fame, and without due price fet upon the fame 
after the law of the land, and alfo caufe the fellers to carry the 
faid corn to what place that them pleafeth, without paying for 
the carriage : (3) and the merchants and citizens of London, do 
ufe to take of every feller for the quarter of wheat nine bufhels 
by the meafure, ufed within the faid city called the Fate, with London m*a- 
the bulhel fet upon the faid fate, and yet make the fellers to pa]**'"" caud the 
a halfpenny for the meafuring of every quarter, and take for FatCp 
a quarter of oats ten bufhels, whereby the buyers of the corn in 
the country will not buy nor take for the quarter of corn, but 
in the fame manner as the faid purveyors, and they of the faid 
city ufed to take, to the great hindrance and perpetual undoing 
of the commonalty aforefaid : 

II. It is ordained and eftablifhed, That all the faid good ordi- 
nances be firmly holden and kept, aftertheefFecftof thefame. (2) 
And that no purveyor of our lord the King, nor any other (hall 

B4 ufe 



8 

By what mea- 
sures purvey- 
ors and others 
(hall take and 
buy corn. 



Anno fecundo Henrici V. 



£1414. 



tEd.j.e.i, 
»5 lid 3. ft at ,5. 
ci. 

36Ed.sca. 
11 H. 6.£%. 
11 H.7.C.4. 
iiCar.i.c.u. 



ufc hereafter to buy nor to take any corn by other meafure, but 
eight buihels ftriked for the quarter > and that none be other- 
wife bound to deliver for the quarter but eight buftiels ftriked as 
is aforefaid, and alfo that the payment be made in hand for the 
carriage. (3) And that if any purveyor of our lordtfye King, or 
any other perfon buy or take any corn otherwife, or by other 
meafure but eight bufhels ftriked for the quarter, as in the faid 
ordinances is contained, and thereof be attainted, he (hall have 
one year's imprifonment, and pay to the King an hundred (hil- 
lings, and to the party that feeleth himfelf grieved another hun- 
dred thillings, and that as often z$ any of them be thereof at- 
tainted ; (4) and that the party which will fu$, have an adUou 
grounded upon the cafe, (5) and that th$ iuftices of the peace 
have power to enquire and hold plea of all thefe things afore T 
faid, an4 upon that make punifhments as is aforefaid, as well at 
the fuit of the King, as of the party : (6) and that from hence- 
forth nothing be taken for the meafuring of fuch corn in 
any wife. 



Statutes made ziLeicefter, Anno 2 Hen. V. flat. 1. 
and Anno Dom. 1 4 1 4. 



OUR lord the King, at his 
parhament holden at Lei- 
cefter the lajl day of April, the 
fecond year of his reign, by the 
advice and ajfent of the lords fpi- 
ritual and temporal, and at the 
fpecial inflame and requejl of the 
commons of his realm in the fame 
parliament a ffembled, hath ordain- , 
ed and eflabti/hed divers ordinan- 
ces, declarations, and ftatutes made 
in the form asfoUoweth. 



NOftre feignur le Roy a 
fon parlement tenuz a 
Leyceftr' le darrein jour de A- 
prill Ian de fpn regne feconde 
de ladvys & afient des feignurs 
efperituelx & temporelx & a 
les efpeciales inftance & re- 
queft des communes de fon 
roialme en mefme le parle- 
ment efteantz ad ordeigne & 
eftable diverfes ordinances de- 
clarations & eftatutz en la 
fourme qenfuyt. 



CAP. I. 

Ordinaries fhall inquire (f, and reform the eftates of hof- 

piials. 



Tbf caufes of T7IRST, forafrmtch as many 
AecMtioii T hofpitals within the realm of 
ok hofpitalt. En ^ lan ^ f ounded as weU ^ ,£ 

noble Kings of this realm, and 
lords and ladies both fpiritual and 
temporal, as bv divers other e- 
Jlates, to the nonour of God and 
of his glorious mother, in aid and 
merit of the fouls of the faid foun- 
ders, to the which hofpitals the 
fame 



EN primes pur taunt qe 
plufeurs hofpitalx dedenz 
le roialme dEngleterre foun- 
duz fibien par les nobles Rois 
de mefme le roialme & fei- 
gnurs & darnel efperituelx & 
temporelx come par autres de 
diverfes eftates al honeur de 
Dieu & de fa glorioufe meere 
en eide & merit des alpnes de 

les 



I4H-] Anno fecundd Henrici V. 

Ies ditz foundours as queux fame founders have given a gnat 



hofpitalx mefmes les foundours 
ont donez grandement de lour 
biens moebles pur ledifications 
dicelles & grandement de lour 
terrcs & tenementz pur ent 
fuftener viegles hommes & 
femmes lazars hommes & fem- 
mes hors de lour fennes & 
memories povres femmes en- 
feint ez & autres povres & la 
nurrir rclever & refrefler en 
' ycelles font ore' pur la greindre 
partie enchiez & les biens & 
profitz dicelles par diverfes per- 
fones efpirituelx & temporelx 
retraitz & dcfpenduz en autri 
oeps paront plufcurs hommes 
& femmez ont moruz en 
graund mefchief pur defaute 
de eide vivre & focour al dif- 
pleifance jde Dieu & perill des 
almes de tieux malveis defpen- 
dours le Roy noftre feignur 
treflbverain confiderant les me- 
ritories & devoutes ententes de 
Jes foundours avauntditz&auxi 
les malveis & infolent gover- 
nance en ycelles euz deladvis 
& aflent fufdit ad ordeigne & 
eftablie qe quant as hofpitalx 
queux font del patronage & 
fundation le Roy les ordenairs 
par vertue des commiflions le 
Roy a eux adreflez enquergent 
del maner de Ja fun,dation des 
ditz hofpitalx & de la gover- 
nance & eftat dicelles & de 
toutes autres matiers en cede 
partie neceflalrs & bofoigna- 
bles &lenquifitionsentpriscer- 
titient en la chauncellarie le 
Roy. Et quant as autres hof- 
pitalx qi font dautri fundation 
& patronage qe de Roy les or- 
denairs enquergent del manere 
de la fundation eftat & gover- 
nance dicelles & de toutz au- 
tres maters & chofes bofoigna- 
bles celle partie & fur ce faccnt 
cnt correction & j$formatioi) 
fclonc 



part of their moveable goods for 
the buildings of the fame, and a 
great part of their lands and tene- 
ments, therewith tofujlain impo- 
tent men and women, lazers, men 
out of their wits, and poor women 
with child, and to nourijh, relieve, 
and refrejh other poor people in the 
fame, be now for the mo ft fart 
decayed, and the goods ana profits 
of the fame, by divers perfons, as 
wellfpiritual as temporal, with- 
drawn and fpcnt in other ufe, 
whereby many men and women 
have died in great mfery for de- 
fault of aid, living, and fuccour, 
to the difpleafure of God, and pe- 
ril of the fouls of fuch manner of 
fpenders : (2) the King our fo- 
vereign lord, confidering the 
meritorious and devout intents 
of the founders aforefaid, and 
the unaccuftomed government 
in the fame, hath by the ad- 
vice and aflent aforefaid, or- 
dained and eftabliflied, that as 
to the hofpitaJs which be of the x 
patronage and foundation of 
the King, the ordinaries, by Ordinaritt 
virtue of the King's commit- Awll inquire 
fions to them directed, (hall J^'Jf* 
inquire of the manner and tion,°eftat£ 
foundation of the faid hofpitals, and govern - 
and of the governance and e- mentofhof- 
ftate of the feme, and of all o- P* ltaU * 
ther matters ncceflary and re- 
quifite in this behalf, and the 
inquifitions thereof taken (hall 
certify in the King's chancery. 
(3) And as to other hofpi- 
tals which be of another foun- 
dation and patronage than of 
the King, the ordinaries (hall 
inquire of the manner of the 
foundation, eftate, and gover- 
nance of the fame, and of all 
other matters and things nc- 
ceflary in this behalf, and upon 
that make thereof corrredtion 
aijd reformation according to* 

the 



IO 



Anno fectando Henrici V. [ 14 1 4. 

the law* of holy churchy as to felonc les loies de feintc efglife 



them belongeth. 



come a> eux appcrtient. 



CAP. II. 



F.NJL s+s. 



A Corpus cum caufa, or Cerriorari to remove him who is in 
execution at another maris fuit. 

ITEM pur ceo qe pleufeurs 
gentz ont eftez condemp- 
nez en les courtz noftre dit 



ITEM, forafmueb as many 
men have been condemned in 



the courts of our lord the King* 
mid in the courts of his progeni- 
tors, as well within the city of 
London, as in other cities and 
boroughs within the realm tf/*Eng- 
landy and by the virtue of fuch 
condemnations have been committed 
to the pr if on of our lord the King, 
there to remain until they have 
made agreement to the plaintifs 
to whom they were condemned \ 
(2) after by their juggejlion made 
in the chancery of our lord the 
King , they have bad divers writs 
tailed Certiorari, and Corpus 
cum caufa, out of the chancery 
' of our faid lord the King, direct- 
ed to the Jberiff, or keepers of 
the prifons where fuch perfons 
eondemned be holden, to have their 
bodies, with the caufe of impri- 
fonment of the condemned afore- 
faid, in the chancery, at the days 
contained in the faid writs \ (3) 
after which writs, together with 
the body, and the caufe of the con- 
demnation, returnea in the chan- 
cery aforefaid, the faid perfons fo 
eondemned have been deliver- 
ed in the chancery aforefaid, 
by bail or by mainprife y or en- 
larged without bail or mainprife 9 
againft the affent and will of the 
faid plaintiffs, and without any 
agreement modi to the faid plain- 
tiffs of the fums in the which 
they be condemned, again/I the law 
§f the land ; and Jo remain the 
faid plaintiffs without remedy, in 
hindrance ofthejlate offuchplain- 
tiffs, and in defeating of the 
judgments given m the courts a- 
foro- 



feignur le Roy & en les courtz 
de fez nobles progenitours fi- 
bien deinz la Citee de Londres 
come en autres citees & burghs 
deinz le roialme dEngleterre & 
par vertue de tielx condemp- 
nations ont eftez commis a la 
prifone noftre feignur le Roy 
pur y demorer tanqe ils ont 
fait gree as pleintifs vers queux 
ils furent condempnez & apres 
par lour fuggeftions faitz en la 
chauncellarie noftre feignur le 
Roy ont euz diverfes brief* ap- 
pellez Certiorari corpus cum 
caufa hors de la chauncellarie 
noftre feignur le Roy direclz as 
vifcountz ou gardeins des pri- 
fones ou tielx gentz condemp- 
nez font detenuz pur avoir 
lour corps ove la caufe denpri- 
fonment de les condempnez 
fuifditz en la chancellarie as 
jours contenuz en les ditz 
briefs apres* queux briefs en- 
femblement ovefqe la corps & 
la caufe de condempnation re- 
tournez en la chauncellarie 
fuifdite les ditz gentz iflint 
condempnez ont eftez delive- 
rez en la chauncellarie avaunt- 
dit par baillie ou par mainprife 
ou a large fanz baillie ou main- 
prife encontre laflent & volun- 
te des ditz pleintifs & fanz af- 
cun gree faire as ditz pleintifs 
de les fommes en queux ils 
font condempnez encontre la 
leie de la tcrrc & iflint demur- 
gent les ditz pleintifs fanz re- 
medic en anientifemem de le- 

(tat 



HI4.J 



Anno fecundo Hsnrici V. 



fiat de tielx pleintifs & en de- 
fefaunce des juggementz ren- 
duz en les courtz avauntditz 
noftre dit feignur le Roy voil- 
lant ent faire remedie del advys 
& aflent avauntditz & a Ja re- 
quefte des communes fuifdites 
ad ordeigne & eftablie qe fi af- 
cui* tiel brief de Certiorari cor- 

!)us cum caufa foit graunte ou 
erra graunte en temps avenir 
ic fur le dit brief foit retourne 
qe le prifoner qeft iflint detenu 
en prifone foit condempne par 
juggement qe maintenant foit 
remande ou demurge conti- 
jiuelment en prifone folonc la 
ley de la terre fanz eftre leflez 
aler par baillie ou par main- 
prife encontre la volunte des 
pleintifs fufditz tanqe lour foit 
fait gree de les famines iflint 
adjuggex. 



fore/aid: (4) Our lord th* 
King, willing herein to pro- 
vide remedy, by the advice 
* and aflent aforefeid, and at the 
requeft of the forefaid com- 
mons, hath ordained and efta- 
blifhed, That if any fuch writ 
of Certiorari, or Corpus cum cau- 
fa, be granted, or (hall be 
granted at any time hereafter, 
and upon the faid writ if it be 
returned, that the prifoner 
which is fo holden in prifon is 
condemned by judgment giv- 
en againft him, that prefently 
he mall be remanded, where 
he (hall remain continually in 
prifon according to the law and 
cuftom of the land, without 
being let to go by bail or by 
mainprife againft the will of 
the faid plaintiffs, until agree- 
ment be made to them of the 
Aims fo adjudged. 



II 



If a Corpus 

cumcawaor 
Certiorari be 
granted lore* 
move him that 
is in prifon 
upon an exe- 
cution at ano* 
ther man's 
fuit, be (hall 
be remanded* 



CAP. III. 

A copy of the libel in the fpiritual court fhall be delivered. 

ITEM pur ceo qe diverfes 
lieges noftre feignur le Roy 
font citez de jour en autre dap- 
paroir en courte chriftiene de- 
vaunt juges efperituelx a y re- 
fpondre as diverfes perfones fi- 
bien des chofes qe touchent 
frank tenement dette trefpaflez 
covenantz & autres des queux 
la conifance appertient al courte 
noftre feignur le Roy come de 
matrimonie & teftament & 
qant tielx perfones iflint citeez 
appiereent & demandent un 
libell de ceo qe lour eft furmys 
pur eftre enformez a doner lour 
refpons illoeqes ou autrement 
a purchacer brief noftre feignur 
le Roy de prohibition felonc 
lour cas quell libell lour eft 
denie par les ditz juges efpi- 
jituelx al entent qe tielx per- 
jpnrs ne ferront myc par nut 

tiel 



ITEM, forafmuch as divers 
of the King's liege people be 
daily cited to appear in the fpi- 
ritual court before fpiritual judg- t% Co.6u 
es, there to anfwer to divers per- 13 Cb^i, 
font j as well of things which touch 
freehold* debt, trefpaffes* cove- 
nants*, and other things whereof 
the cognifance pertaineth to the 
court of our lord the King* as of 
matrimony and teftament \ (2) 
and when fuch per/ins fo cited ap- 
pear and demand a libel of thai 
tvhicb againft them is furmifed^ 
to be informed to give their an- 
fwer thereunto* or otherwife to 
pur chafe a writ of our lord the 
Kin* j of Prohibition, according 
to their cafe, which libel to them 
is denied by the faid fpiritual 
judges* to the intent that fuch , Ltrtw.iu- 
perfons Jbould not be aided by any Cro. Jac 17. 
fuch writ againft the law* and to 3Bulftr,|u 
J tbe M0 * 



12 



A copy of a 
libel f rant- 
able in the 
fpiritual 
court (hall be 
prefently de- 
livered upon . 
the defen- 
dant's ap- 
pearance. 
Raft^S** 



Anno fecundo Henrici V. 

the great damage of fuch per/ins 
Jo impleaded ; ( 3) Our faid ford 
the King, by the advice and af- 
fent of the lords fpiritual and 
temporal, and at the requeft and 
inftance of the faid commons, 
hath ordained and eftablifhed, 
That at what time the libel is 
grantable by the law, that it 
may be granted and delivered 
to the party without any dif- 
ficulty. 

CAP. 



[1414. 
tiel brief aidez encontre ley & 
as graundes damages de tielx 
perfones iflint empledez Nof- 
tre dit feignur le Roy del advis 
& affent fufditz & a la prier des 
ditz communes ad ordeigne & 
eftablie qe a quelle heure la 
copie de la libell eft grauntable 
par la ley quil foit graunte & 
livere a la partie fanz difficulte. 



11 R. 1. c.j. 
&c. 

Juftices of the 
peace may 
lend their 
writs for fu- 
gitive fervants 
or laboure ra 
to every fhe- 
riff of Eng- 
land. 
Rep.5Et.Cf. 



What juftices of peace mufi be 
at what times they mufi 

ITEM, forafmuch as the Ser- 
vants and labourers of the 
/hires of the realm ilo flee from 
county to county, hecaufe they 
would not bejuflified by the ordi- 
nances andflatutes by the law for 
them made, to the great damage 
cf gentlemen and others^ to whom 
they Jhould ferve 9 becaufe that the 
faid ordinances and Jtatutes for 
them ordained be not executed in 
every Jbire\ (2) our lord the 
King, willing in this cafe to 
provide a remedy, by the ad- 
vice and affent aforefaid, and 
at the requeft of the faid com- 
mons, hath ordained and fta- 
blilhed, That the ftatute of 
labourers made at Canterbury^ 
and al! other good ftati^tes of 
labourers made, and not re- 

Eealed, be firmly holden and 
ept, and put in due execu- 
tion, (3) And moreover, That 
the juftices of peace have power 
to lend their writs for fuch fu- 
gitive labourers, to every (he- 
riff of the realm of England^ 
and to make fuch procefs as 
the ftatute requireth, to bring 
them before them to anfwer to 
our fovereign lord the King, 
and to the parties, of the con- 
tempts and trefpafles made or 
done againft the .ordinances 

and 



IV. 

refident in the famefhire ; and 
hold their quart er-fejfions. 

ITEM pur tant qe les fer- 
vantz & laborers des coun- 
tees du roialme fenfuent des 
countees es* countees a caufe 
qils ne voudrent eftre juftifiez 
par les ordeigAances par ley fur 
eux faitz a graunt damage des 
gentils & des autres as queux 
ils ferverent a caufe qe les ditz 
ordeignances & eftatutz fur eux 
faitz ne font mye executz en 
toutz countees rioftre feignur 
le Roy voillant purvoir de re- 
medie ceft partie del affent & 
advys avantditz & a la requeft 
des ditz communes ad ordeigne 
& eftablie qe leftatut de labo- 
rers fait a Cantebrigg & toutes 
autres bones eftatutz des labo- 
rers faitz & nient repellez foi- 
ent fermement tenuz cV gardez 
& mys en due execution. Et 
outre ceo qe les juftices du pees 
eient poair de mander lour 
briefs pur tielx laborers fugitifs 
a chefcun vifcount dEngleterre 
& de faire au tielx proceffes 
come leftatut des laborers re- 
quiert pur eux amefner de- 
vaunt eux a refpondre a noftre 
feignur le Roy & a les parties 
des contemptz & trefpaffez 
faitz encontre les ordeignances 
& eftatutz fuifditz en maner 
coipe les ditz juftices ont poai* 

de 



HI4-] 



Anno fecundo 



*3 



de mander a chefcun vifcount 
pur larons devaunt eux endi- 
tez. Et auxi qe toutz les e- 
ftatutz & ordeignances dcs la- 
borers fervantz & artificers 
devant ces heures faitz & nient 
repellez foient exemplifiez de- 
foutz le graunt feal & mandez 
a chefcuni vifcount dEngleterre 
dent faire proclamation en 
pleine counte & puis celle pro- 
clamation faite qe chefcun vif- 
cont face deliverer la dite ex- 
emplification a luy direct as 
juftices de la pees en fon coun- 
tee nomez en la quorum ou a 
un de eux a demurer envers 
tielx juftices qi font ou ferront 
pur le mielx mettre les ditz e- 
ftatutz & ordeignances en due 
execution. Et es countees ou 
diverfes commiffions de la pees 
font faitz foient atantz des ex- 
emplifications des eftatutz & 
ordeignances avauntditz faitz 
come font commiffions de la 
pees en mefme le countee & 
mandez a vifcount a faire pro- 
clamation & les liverer come 
defluis eft dit. 

Et qe les juftices de la pees 
en chefcun countee nomez en 
la quorum refeantz deinz mef- 
me le counte exceptz feignurs 
nomez en la commiffion de 
pees & auxi exceptz les juftices 
de lun banc & de lautre chief 
baron de lefcheqer fergeantz 
de la leie & attournes du Roy 
pur le temps qe mefmes les ju- 
ftices chief baron fergeantz 6c 
attournez font entendantz 6c 
occupiez en les courtz duRoy 
ou a(llours occupiez eh fervice 
le Roy facent lour feffions qua- 
tre foits par an ceftaflavoir en 
la primer femaigne apres lefeft 
de Seint Michel & la primer 
femaigne apres le feft de Ti- 
phaine & en la primer fe- 
maigne . apres le daufe de 

pais 



Henrici V. 

and ftatutes aforefaid, in like 
manner as the juftices hate 
power to fend to every fherifF 
for the felons before them in- 
dkfted. (4) And alfo that all 
the ftatutes and ordinances of 
labourers, fervants, and arti- 
ficers, before this time made, 
and not repealed, be exempli- 
fied under the great feal, and 
fent to every fherifF of the 
realm of England, thereof to . 
make proclamation in full 
county, and after this procla- 
mation fo made, that every 
fherifF fhall caufe the faid ex- 
emplification to him directed, 
to be delivered to the juftices 
of the peace in his county 
named of the quorum, or to one 
of them, to remain with fuch 
juftices which be, or fhall be, 
for the better putting of the 
forefaid ftatutes and ordinances 
in due execution. (5) And in 
(hires where divers commif- 
fions of the peace be made, 
there fhall be fo many exem- 
plifications of the ftatutes and 
ordinances aforefaid made, as 
be commiffions of the peace in 
the fame fhires, and fent to 
the fherifF to make proclama- 
tion, and to deLver the fame, 
as is afore faid. 

II. And that the juftices of 
the peace in every fhire named 
of the quorum, berefiant within 
the fame ihire, except lords whatjufti- 
named in the commiffion of ces of peace 
the peace ; and alfo except ju- and quorum 
ftices of the one bench, and «nuft be refi- 
of the other, the chief baron of gJ^S 
the exchequer, ferjeants at what not/ 
the law, and the King's attor- 
ney, for the time that the fame 
juftices, chief baron, ferjeants 
at the law, and the King's at- 
torney, be intending and oc- 
cupied in the King's courts, or 
otherwifein fome. other place 

oc- 



H 



At what timet 
juftices of the 
peace (hall 
told their 
quarter 
feffions. 
36Ed.}.c is* 
isR.i.c.10. 
Twke inthe 
year fufficient 
in Middlefex 
by i4H«6.c^ 



Juftices of 
peace may ex- 
amine labour- 
ers, ienrants, 
and other ma- 
Iters, and ar- 
tificers* by 
their oaths. 



occupied in the King's fervice; 
(2) and make their feffions 
tour times by the year, that is 
to fay, in tne firft week after 
the feaft of Saint Michael, and 
in the firlt week after the Epi- 
phany ', and in the firft week af- 
ter the claufe of Eajier, and in 
the firft week after the tranfla- 
tion of Saint Thomas the mar- 
tyr, and more often, if need 
be. (3) And that the fame 
juftices hold their feflipns 
throughout the realm of Eng- 
land in the fame weeks every 
year from henceforth. (4) 
And alfo that the juftices of 
peace from henceforth have 
power to examine as well all 
manner of labourers, fervants, 
and their mailers, as artificers, 
by their oaths, of all things by 
them done contrary to their faid 
ordinances and ftatutes, and 
upon that to punifh them upon 
" flion, after the effect 



Annb fecundo HeMrici V. 
paflc & en la 



[1414. 

primer fe- 
maigne apres la translation de 
Seint Thomas le martir & 
pluis fovent fi mfeftier foit. Et 
qe mefmes les juftices tiegnent 
lour feffions parmy tout Eng- 
leterre en mefmes les femaignes 
chefcun an defore en avaunt & 
auxi qe les juftices /-de la pees 
deformes eient poair dcxami- 
ner fibien toutz maners labo- 
rers fervantz & lour meftres 
come artificers par lour fere- 
mentz de toutz maters & cho- 
fes par eux faitz a contrarie des 
eftatutz & ordinances avaunt- 
ditz & fur ceo de les punir fur 
lour conifance felonc leffexft 
de les eftatutz & ordeignances 
avauntditz ficome ils fuerent 
convidte par enqueft. Et qe 
le vifcount de chefcun countee 
en Engleterreface bien & due- 
ment fon office celles parties 
fur peyn de pcrdre au Roy 
xx livres. 



their confefllon 

of the ftatutes and ordinances 

aforefaid, as though they were convict by inqueft. (5) And 

that the fheriff in every (hire of the realm of England wall do 

well and duly his office in this behalf, upon pain to lofe and 

to forfeit to our lord the King twenty pounds. 

CAP. V. 

Procefs agatnft felons dwelling in Tyndal or Exhamfhire in> 
Northumberland. 



4 InfL %7%. 



ITEM, foraftmuh as by the 
commons of the county of Nor- 
thumberland grievous complaints 
have been made to our fiver eign 
lord the King in this prefent par- 
liament, for that many murders, 
treafons, man/laughters, robberies, 
ana divers other offences, to many 
of the faithful liege people of the 
fame county, by people dwelling in 
the fame county within the fran- 
ebife of Tyndal and Exham- 
fture, where the King's writ 
runneth not, now of late have 
teen perpetrated owerwife than 
have been done or known befne 

this 



ITEM pur ceo qe depar les 
communes del countee de 
Northumbr* ont efte faitz tref- 
grevoufes compleints a noftre 
tres fovcraigne feignur le Roy 
en ceft prefent parlement de 
ceo qe pleufeurs murdre9 tre- 
fons homicides roberies & au- 
tres malfaitz a pleufeurs fez 
loialx lieges de mefmele counte 
par gentz demurrantz en icelL 
countee dedeins les franchifes 
de Tyndale & Exhamfhire ou- 
le brief le Roy ne court mys 
ja tarde ont efte perpetrez au- 
trtment qe nont efte faitz 014. 
conuz 



conuz pardevant atant de peril 
de les ditz lieges du Roy qe 
fenz due remedie celle partie 
mettre ils noferent a y demo- 
rer longement enavant a caufe 
qetielxmalefefoursfont enfi fa- 
vorez partielx franchifes. No- 
ftre dit feignur le Roy del ad- 
vis & affent avantditz & al re- 
queft des ditz communes ad 
ordeignie & eftablie qe (i af- 
cune perfone des ditz franchi- 
fes de Tyndale & Exhamfhire 
refceant ou demurant deinz 
ycelles de quell eftat ou con- 
dition il foit face murdres tre- 
foils homicides ou robberies 
ou content de les faire hors des 
ditz franchifes de Tyndale & 
Exhamfhire procefle foit fait 
devers luv par la commune leie 
tanqe il (oit utlage & qe apres 
tiele utlagarie pronouncie & re- 
tourne facent ent les juftices 
devaunt queux tiele utlagarie 
foit retourne certification a 
tieux miniftresou atiel miniftre 
des ditz franchifes come a eux 
femblera meulz celle partie fo- 
lonc lour difcretion & foit tiel 
feloun pris par tiel miniftre ou 
tielx miniftres & fes terres & 
tenementz biens & chateux e- 
fteantz deinz icelles franchifes 
feifez es mains des feignurs de 
meftnes les franchifes de Tyn- 
dale & Exhamftiire pur le 
temps efteantz come forfaitz 
& qe les autres terres & tene- 
mentz biens & ghateux de tiel 
felon efteantz hors de mefmes 
les franchifes demurgent en- 
tirement au Roy & as autres 
feignurs aiantz ent franchifes 
^ome forfaitz favant toutzfoitz 
au Roy les forfeitures dautiels 
muidrours traitours homici- 
doors robbours & autres mal- 
feiburs queconqes & dautres 
chofes queux a luv appertie- 
gapitcomededfoitaefacorone. 



Anno fccundo HfiNRiCl V. 



this time* to fo many perils of tit 
faid liege people of our lord *&r 
King* that without due remedy 
in this behalf provided, they dart 
no longer there dwell, becaufe thai 
fach offenders be fo favoured by 
fuch franchifes ; (2) our faid 
lord the King, by the advice 
and aflent aforefaid, and at the 
requeft of the faid commons, 
hath ordained and eftablifhed, 
That if any oerfon of the faid 
franchifes orTyndal and Ex- 
kamjbirty reliant or dwelling 
in the fame, of what eftate or 
Condition that he be, do any 
murders, treafons, manflaugh- 
ters, or robberies, or content 
to do them, out of the faid 
franchifes of Tyndal and Ex- 
hanfbirt % procefs (hall be made 
againft him by the common 
law, until he be outlawed ; (3) 
and that after fuch outlawry 
pronounced and returned, the 
juftices before whom fuch 
outlawry is returned, (hall 
make thereof certificate to fuch 
minifter or minifters of the 
(aid franchifes, as to them (hall 
feem beft in this behalf, ac- 
cording to their difcretion ; 
(4) and fuch felon (hall be ta- 
ken by fuch minifter or mini- 
fters, and his lands and tene- 
ments, goods and chattels, 
being within the fame fran- 
chife, feifed into the hands of 
the lords of the fame franchifes 
of Tyndal and Exhamjbire for 
♦ the time being, as forfeit ; (5) 
and that the other lands and 
tenements, goods and chattels 
of fuch felon, being out of the 
fame franchifes, (hall wholly re- 
main to the King, and to o- 
ther lords having thereof fran- 
chife, as forfeit ; (6) faving al- 
ways to the King the forfei- 
tures of fuch murderers, trai- 
tors, manflayers, robbers, and 
other 



«5 



Thepeaalfy 
of offendera 
dwelling in 
Tyndal, fe. 
who (hall 
commit any 
robbery, te. 
out of the 
fame pre- 
cinfts. 



9H.5.C.7. 

14EI.C.13. 



Anno fecundo Henrici V. [f4*4* 

other offenders, and of tother things which to him do belong 
as of the right of his crown. 

CAP. VI. 

Breaking of truce and fafe conduit jhall be high treafon-. 
In every port there Jhall be a confervator of the peace and 
fafe conduit. 



ITEM, forafmuch as before this 
time divers people, comprifed 



arid fafe con- 
duds, and o- 
thcrt have re 
ceived and 
maintained 
them. 
»9H. 6.c. 2. 



4 faft. 151. 

Some have _ _^ _ 

broken truces ^tbin tf) truces made as well by 

and fafr re\t\. . . . . . ' 

our lord the King that now is, as 
by his noble father , andalfo divers 
other people having fafe conduits, 
as well of our lord the King that 
now is j as of his noble father, have 
been feme fain, robbed and fpoiled, 
by the King's liege people andfub- 
jeits, as well upon the mainfea, 
as within the ports and coafts of 
thefea 0/ England, Ireland, and 
of Wiles, whereby the faid truces 
and fafe conduits hove been broken 
and offended, to the great dijbo- 
nour andflander of the King, and 
arainji his dignity; (2) and the 
faid manjlayers, robbers, fpoilers, 
and offenders of the faid truces 
and the Kings fafe conduits, as 
is afore declared, have been by di- 
vers of the Kings liege people and 
fubjeils within the coafts of divers 
counties, received, (wetted, pro- 
cured, concealed, hired, fuftained, 
Breaking of and maintained: (1) our mid lord 
truce and fafe the King, by the advice and 
conduAi (hall a ff cnt aforefaid, and at the re- 
behightrea- queft rf the faid commonS9 

hath ordained and declared, 
That fuch manflaughter, rob- 
bery, fpoiling, breaking of truce 
and fafe conducts, and volun- 
tary receipt, abetment, pro- 
curement, concealing, hiring, 
fuftaining, and maintaining of 
fuch persons, to be done in time 
to come by any of the King's 
liege people and fubje<5ts with- 
in the realm of England, Ire- 
land, and Wales^ or upon the 
main fea, (hail be adjudged 

and 



Rep. 10 H. 6. 

C. II. 

1 Ed. 6. c. i». 
iMfeftx. 



ITEM pur ceo qe devaunt 
ces heures diverfes gentz 
comprifcz deinz les trieues fi- 
bien faitz par noftre feignur le 
Roy qore eft come par fon 
treinoble pier et auxi autres 
diverfes gentz aiantz faufcon- 
duitz fibien de noftre dit fei- 
gnur le Roy qore eft come de 
Ion dit trefnoble pier ount eftez 
afcuns tueez afcuns robbes & 
defpoillez par les lieges & fub- 
gitz de Roy fibien fur le haut 
mer come deinz les portz & 
coftes demeerdEngleterre dlr- 
land & de Gales parount les 
ditz trieues & faufconduitz 
ount efte rumpez & ofFenduz 
a graunde difhonure & def- 
claundre de Roy & encountre 
fa dignite. Et les ditz tuers des 
hommes robbours fpoilleurs & 
offendours de les ditz trieues 
& faufconduitz du Roy come 
defluis efte declaree ount efte 
par diverfes lieges & fubgitz de 
Roy deinz les coftes de diverfes 
countees recettez abettez pro- 
curez counfeillez loueez fufte- 
nez & maintenuz. Noftre dit 
feignur le Roy del ad vis & af- 
fent fuifditz & al priere des 
dites communes ad ordeine & 
declaree qe tielx tuerie robbe- 
rie efpoillerie rumperie des tri- 
eues & faufconduitz de Roy & 
voluntaries receit abettement 
procurement counfeill louere 
fuftenance & maintenance de 
tielx perfones affaires en temps 
avenir par afcuns des lieges & 
fubgitz de Roy deinz les roi- 
aJmcs dEngleterre dlrland & 
Gales 



HH-] 

Gales ou fur le haut meer foi- 
ent adjuggez & determinez 
pur haut trefoil fait encountre 
ia corone &' dignite de Roy. 
Et qe en chefcun port de meere 
foit faite & aifigne defore en- 
avaunt par le Roy par fez let- 
tres patentz un loial homme 
appellc confervatour des trieues 
ic faufconduitz de Roy qi eit 
xl. liverees du terre par an a 
meyns. Et qe le dit conferva- 
tour eit poair & audiorite par 
les ditz lettres patentz & auxt 
par commilfion del admiral 
dEnglcterre dcnquerer c'e toutz 
tielx trefons & oifenfes affai- 
rez encoundre les trieues & 
faufconduitz de Roy fur le haut 
meere hors des corps des coun- 
tees & hors del fraunchife des 
fcink portz dejtoy come les ad- 
mirallcs des Roys dEngleterre 
devant ces heures refonable- 
ment folonc launcien cuftume 
& leye fur le meere ufez ount 
faitz ou ufez. Et enfement qe 
le dit confervatour eit auti'ele 
& mefme le poair de punir 
toutz ceux qi fount ou ferrount 
enditez ou accufez devaunt luy 
fibien a fuyte de Roy come a 
fuyt de partie dafcune chofe 
affaire encountre les trieiies & 
faufconduitz de Roy fur le 
haut meere hors des corps des 
countees & libertees de roialme 
dEngleterre & hors de le dit 
fraunchife de cynk portz par 
tieles proces examination pro- 
ves determination juggement & 
execution come les admiralles 
des Roys dEngleterre devant 
ces heures refonablement fo- 
lonc launcien cuftume or ley 
Air la meer ufez ount faitz ou 
ufez. 

Forfqe qe la determination 
de mort de homme celt partie 
& lexecution dicell foient tut- 
ditz refervez a dit adoairall ou 

Vol.. III. * 



Anno fecundoHENRici V. 



n 



and determined for h!gh trei- 

fon done againft the King's 

crown and his dignity. (4) 

And in every port of the fea A confervatdr 

lhall be made and afligned of the truce 

from henceforth by the King, toall be ap- 

by his letters patents, one law- P£* ntc<1 in f 

ful man called a confervator of (t^J^* 

the truce and the King's fefe 

conducts, which (hall have 

forty pounds lands by the year 

at the leaft. (5) And that the The authority 

confervator have power and °* thc confer - 



vator of tht 
truce. 



power 
authority by the faid letters 
patents, and alfo by commiffion 
of the admiral ot England, to 
inquire of all fuch treafons and 
offences to be done againft the 
truce and fafe condu&s uport 
the main fea, out of the body 
of the countie*, and out of the 
franchifes of the five ports of 
the King, as the admirals of 
the Kings of England before 
this time reafonably, after the 
old cuftom and law on the 
main fea ufed, have done of 
ufed. (6) And alfo that the faid 
confervator have like and thd • 

fame power to punifh all them 
which be or (hall be indi&ed 
or accufed before him, as well 
at the King's fuit as at thd 
party's, of any thing to be done 
againft the truce and the King's 
fafe condu&s upon the main 
fea, out of the body of the 
counties and liberties of the 
realm bf England* and out of 
the franchife of the five ports, 
by fuch procefs, examination, 
proofs, determination, judg- 
ment, and execution, as admi- 
rals of the Kings of England 
before this time reafonably, 
according to the old cuftom 
and law upon the main -k& 
ufed, have done or ufed. 

II. Saving the determination The determi- 
bf the death of a .man in this nation of the 
behalf, and the execution of death of a man 
C thc exe«pted*ut 



1 8 

of the confer- 
vator't autho- 
rity. 



Anno fecuncfo HenRICi V. 



Ti4*4. 



frocefs tote 
awarded a- 
gainft thofe 
that be In- 
difted. 



The additions 
of the parties 
hidiaed ftall 
be inserted. 



Two men 
learned in the 
law (hall be 
aflociateinthe 
confervator't 
eoipmitfiofc. 



the fame, (hall be always re- 
ferved to the faid admiral, or 
to his general lieutenant out of 
the faid franchifes of the five 
ports. (2) And that the faid 
Confervator have full power 
and authority to inquire, as 
well within liberties and fran- 
chifes as without, by men in- 
habiting within the body of the 
County and liberty where the 
faid port is, of all iuch treafons 
and offences to be done againft 
the truces, and againft the 
King's fafe condu&s, within 
the body of the county and li- 
berty where the faid port is, 
(3) and to make againft thofe 

!>erfons before him 10 indi&ed, 
uch procefs as here'followeth, 
that is to fay, by Capias and 
Exigent^ which (hall as well go 
into the counties of which fuch 
men fo indi&ed be fuppofed to 
be, as into the counties where 
fuch indilhnents be taken; 
(a.) which Capias and Exigent 
atorefaid in both counties fhall 
be returned at one day, and 
that the firft Capias in both 
counties have day of return by 
a month at the leaft : (5) and 
m cafe that the Capias and Ex- 
igent be awarded in this behalf, 
that the names and furnames 
of fuch perfons fo incHdled, and 
the town and the county* and 
myftery whereof they be, fhatt 
be fpecified and declared in the 
indidtments and procefles of 
the fame. (6) And that the faid 
confervator have full power to 
hear, at every man's fuit which 
will complain before himfelf, 
or his lieutenant, of any offence 
done to the party againft the 
flu'd truces and fafe condudts. 
(7) And that two men learned 
in the law be nauaed and aflb- 
ciate in every commiflion of 
our lord the King to be made 
6 to 



a fon lieutenant general hori 
de la dit franchife des ditz cink 
portz. Et qe le dit conferva- 
tour eit plein poair & au&orite 
denquerer fibien deinz libertees 
& franchifes come dehors par 
gentz enhabitantz deinz le corps 
de countee & libertee ou le dit 
port eft de toutz tielx trefons & 
ofFenfes affaires encountre les 
trieues & faufconduitz de Roy 
deinz les corps de countee & 
liberte ou le dit port eft & de; 
fair envers tieux a enditerz de- 
vaunt luy proces en la fourme 
enfuant ceftaflavoir par Capias 
& Exigendes * qi ifleront fibien 
en mefmes les eountees des- 
quelles eft fuppofe tieux endi- 
tez eftre cqme en les eountees* 
lou tieux enditementz font pri- 
fez les queux Capias & Exi- 
gendes en ambideux eountees 
foient retuniables a un mefme 
jour & qe le primer Capias en 
ambideux eountees eit jour de 
retourne par un moys a meyns 
& en cas qe Capias & Exigen- 
des foient cefte partie agarde? 
qe les nouns & furnouns de 
tieux a enditurs & la ville & de 
eounte & la miftiere dont ife 
font foient efpecifiez en lendi- 
tementz & en les procefles di- 
celles. Et qe le dit confervatour' 
eit plein poair doier a fuyte de 
queconqe qi foi voudfa plein- 
dre devaum h>y dafcune offenfe 
a la partk fait encountre les* 
ditz trieues & faufconduitz. 
Et qe deux hommes apprifez* 
de ley foient nomez & affociez 
en chefcune commiflion de Roy 
affaire a tiel confervatour. Et 
qe le dit Confervatour & les 
ditz hommes appfifeg de ley 
en la dite commiflion a luy 
aflbciez eient plein poair ic 
au&orite de fair due deliverance 
fblonc la ley de la terre de tielx 
enditez devant le dit conferva- 
tour 



UuO 



Anno fecundo tlENRiCI V. 



tour des chofes affairez deinz 
le corps de countee ou libertee 
ou le dit port eft encountre les 
ditz trieues & faufcoftduitz de 
Roy & determiner tieux fuytes 
commencez a fuyt de qiconqe 
partie qi foV voudra pleihdre 
devajmt le ait confervatour daf- 
cune offenfe a luy fait encoun- 
tre les ditz trieues & faufcori- 
duitz & ent due redrefle & re- 
medie faire. Et qe les ditz deux 
hommes iffint a le dit confer- 
vatour aflbciez foient affifteritz 
& entendantz a dit conferva- 
tour pur faire les deliverances 
& determination en mariere & 
fourmeavauntditzqant ils fount 
par le dit c6nfervafour refonaf- 
blement reqiiis. Et qe le dit 
fconfervatout & les ditz deux 
hommes de ley foient jurrez 
qih ne null de eux prendra ou 
prendrortt de nully (iftoun de 
Roy fee doun Iduere gage re- 
garde ne brocage en afcun mat- 
here celle partie en* deftourb- 
ance de due irtquifitiori & pu- 
niflement de tielx traitours & 
bffendours avauntditz: Et qe 
le dit confervatour ferra refeant 
en le port & lieu ou il ferra 
afligne confervatour come a- 
vaunt eft dit. Et prendra chef- 
cun confervatour pur le dit 
bffice chefcun sin xl. li. de Roy 
a meyns. Et qils foient jurrez 
qe fi afcune perfone de quele 
Condition ou eftat qil foit eux 
tni afcune de eux procure ex- 
cite ou abette de faire afcun 
thofe a contrarie dicefte ordi- 
nance & le ferement avauntdit 
(jt chefcuft de eux ferra due 
relation a noftre feigmir le Roy 
M a la chanceller dEngleterre 
jp/UT le temps efteant fi hafti- 
ment come bonement purra 
iaunz concellement en afcun 
point fur peine demprifone- 
totnt & faire fyn & ranceon a 

vo- 



to fuch confervator." And fhat* 
the faid confervator, and the 
faid men learned in the law, 
in the commiffion to him aflb- 
ciate and affigned, (hall have 
full power and authority, to 
make deliverance, according to 
the law and ufage of the land; 
of fuch men fo indi&ed before 
the faid confervator, of things 
to be done within the body of 
the county or liberty where 
the faid port is, againft the 
faid tnice and the King's fafe 
conducts, and to determine 
fuch fuits commenced at any 
man's fuit vyhich will complain 
before the faid confervator, of 
any offence done to him againft: 
the faid truce and fafe conduds, 
and thereof to make due redrefs 
and remedy. (8) And that the 
faid two men to the faid con- 
fervator fo affociate, be affifting 
and attending to the faid con- 
fervator to make the deliver- 
ances and determination in the' 
manner and form aforefaid, 
when they be by the faid con- 
fervsrtor reafonably required. 
(9) And that the faid confer- 
vator, and the faid two men of 
law, be fworn, that they, nor 
none of them, fhall take fee % 
gift, hire, wages, reward, or 
brokage, of any other than of 
the King in 1 any wife in this 
behalf, in hinderance of due 
execution and punifhment of 
fuch traitors and offenders a- 
forefaid. (10) And that the 
faid confervator fhall be reliant 
in the port and places' where 
he fhall be confervator affigned 
as aforefaid; (ti) And every 
confervator fhall take yearly for. 
the faid office forty pounds of 
the King at the leaft ; (12) and 
that they be fworn, that if any 
perfon, of what eftate or con- 
dition foever he be, procure, 
C % excite j 



*9 

The authority 
of the confer- 
vator and the 
two aflbciatw., 



The oath of 
the conferva- 
tor and affo- 
ciates. 



The conferva 
tor (hall have 
a feal. 



Ship. 



20 Anno fecundo Henrici V* 

excite, or abet them, or any of 
them, to do any thing contrary 
to this ordinance and oath a- 
forefeid, that eve^y of them (hall 
make due relation to our fove- 
feign lord the King, or to the 
chancellor of England for the 
time being, as fpeedily as he 
well may, without concealment 
in any point, upon pain of im- 
prifonment, and to make fine 
and ranfom at the King's plea- 
sure. (13) And that the faid 
confervator have a feal of our 
lord 'the King ordained for the 
The office of faid office. (14) And that the 
tbemafterand ma ft er f t j ie ft^ barge, or 
pofleflbr of a \^y m& ^ or othcr veffel in the 
faid port, be fworn, and the 
pofleflbr alfo, if he be prefent, 
before the feid confervator, be- 
fore that he pafs out of the faid 
port,, that he (hall not attempt 
to do any thin? againft the faid 
truce and the King's fafe con- 
What (hall be dufts. (15) And alfo that the 
inrolledbythefcid conservator fhall caufe to 
confervator. u inrolled rf ^^ bcfore 

him, as weH the names of fuch 
owners and mailers, as the 
names of their (hip, barge, ba- 
linger, or other veffel, together 
with the number of the mari- 
The conferva- ners in the fame being. (16) 
tor (hall be in- And if they take any thing of 

&?££ «* Kin s: s en r,r s ' or r of ^ y 

- ° -■ others, they (hall caufe to be 

brought fuch things taken into 
the port, and thereof make full 
information to the faid confer- 
vator, before that they thereof 
make difcharge or fale ; if it be 
not that by force of wind, tem- 
ped, or of enemies, or fome 
other reafonable caufe, fuch 
(hip, barge, balinger, or other 
veffel, muft enter into another 
port for the prefervation of the 
lame veflel, or other caufe rea- 
fonable ; and that then they 
fhall make full information to 

the 



from the 
King's ene- 
mies by the 
mariners. 



CUM* 
voluntee noftre feignur le Roy., 
Et qe le dit confervatour eit 
un feal de Roy ordeigne pur le 
dit office. Et qe le mailire de 
nief barge balenger ou autre 
veflell en le dit port foit jurre 
& le pofleflwr auxi fil foit pre- 
sent devaunt le dit confervatour 
avaunt qil pafle hors de dit port 
qil nattemptera riens encontre 
les ditz trieues & faufconduitz 
de Roy. Et qe le dit confer- 
vatour face enroller de record 
devaunt luy fibien les nouns 
de tielx pofleflburs & maiftres 
come les nouns de lour nief 
barge balengere ou autre veflell 
enfemble ovefqe le nombre des 
mariners en icell efteantz. Et 
fils preignent riens des enemys 
de Roy ou dautres qiconqes 
qils tiele prife ferrount amefner 
en le dit port & ent ferrount 
pleine enfortaation a dit con- 
fervatour devaunt qils ent fa- 
cent defcharge ou vende fi ne 
foit qe par force de vent de 
tempeft ou des enemys ou au- 
tre caufe refonable tiel nief 
barge balengere ou autre veffel! 
doir entrer en autre port pur 
falvation de mefme le veflell ou 
autre caufe refonable. Et qils 
adonqes fecent plein enforma- 
tion fc a dit confervatour ou a le 
confervatour dp le port en quell 
les ditz veflelx arriveront ou 
entreront de la dite prife & de 
la quantite dicelle pregnant 
lettre teftimoniale foutz le dit 
feal de le dit confervatour par 
quele le confervatour de le port 
dount les vefleux ou veflell 
ifleront ou iflit purra avoir no- 
tice de la quantite & value des 
biens iflint prifez. Et fi afcun 
pofleflburou meftre dafcun nief 
ou autre veflell ifle hors dafcun 
port du roialmc ou face def- 
charger fon nief ou veflell en- 
countre la fourroe dicefte ordi- 
nance 



*4«4.] 



Anno fecundo Henricj V. 



21 



nance qe tiel nief ou vefielj en- 
fcmble ovefqe la prife par yccll 
duement fait foit forfaite a Roy 
& le corps du pofleflbur ou mai- 
ftre de ticl nief ou veffell com- 
mys a prifone a y demorer 
tanqe il eit fait fyn « raunceon 
a Roy. 

Purveu qe nulles pofleflburs 
des niefs iflantz hors dafcun 
port ne face fyn ou ranceon 
neient emprifonement du corps 
fi mefmes les pofleflburs ne 
foient en mefmes les niefs en 
temps de meiprifion encontre 
cede ordenance faite. Et ait le 
admirall avantdit les forfaitures 
en toutz cafes hors de la dite 
franchife de cynk portz avant- 
ditz come il ad eu & ad efte 
accuftume de droit al office del 
admirall dEngleterre avant la 
fefance de cede ordeignance. 
Et qe toutz tieux confervatours 
affairez dedeinz les ditz cynk 
ports eient mefme laudtorite 
& poair par lettres patentz du 
Roy & commiffion del gardein 
de mefmes les ports pur le 
temps efteant denquerer de 
tielx offenfes affaires fur le 
haute meer dedeinz les fraun- 
chifes des ditz cynk ports de- 
hors les corps des countees & 
de punir toutz ceux qi ferront 
devant ycell confervatour de 
mefmes les offenfes enditez ou 
accufez par autiels proces exa- 
mination proves determination 
juggement & execution come 
les ditz admiralx refonablement 
folonc launcien cuftume ic ley 
far le meer ufez ont faitz cc 
ufez hors de la dite franchife 
de cynk ports forfqe qe la de- 
termination de mortde homme 
celle partie & lexecution dicell 
foient dedeinz mefme la fran- 
chife de les cynk ports refer- 
vez a dit gardein ou a fon lieu- 
ffOfUit general illoeqes. Et qe 
mefme 



the faid confervator, or to the 
confervator of the port in which 
the faid veflels arrive or enter, 
of the prize, and of the quan-p 
tity of the thing, receiving a 
letter testimonial under the laid 
fcal of the aforefaid confervator, 
by the which the confervator 
of the faid P ort > whereof the 
veflel or veflels (hall go. out, 
may have notice of the quan- 
tity, jttid alfo of the value of 
the goods and chatties fo taken, 
(17) And if any pofleflbr or 
mafter of aqy (nip or other 
vefTel, go out of any port of 
the realm of England^ or dis- 
charge his (hip or veflel againft 
the form of this ordinance, that 
fuch (hip or vefTel, together 
with the prize taken in the 
fame duly made, (hall be for- 
feit to the King, (18) and the 
body of the pofleflbr or mafter 
of fuch (hip or veflel committe4 
to prifon,. there to rftnain until 
he hath made a fine and ran*, 
fom to the King. 

III. Provided always, That 
no pofleflbrs of (hips going out 
of any port (hall make any fine 
nor ranfom, or have imprifon-r 
ment of body, if the fame pof- 
feflbrs be not in the fame (hips 
at the time of the offence com- 
mitted againft this ordinance. 
(2) And the faid admiral (hall What forfeit 
have the forfeitures in all cafes tu *** s thc ad- 
out of the fame franchife of ™™ 1 (ball 
five ports aforefaid, as he hath 
had, and hath been accuftomed 
of right to the office of the ad- 
miral of England* before the 
making of this ordinance. (3) Theauthority 
And that all fuch confervators J *J ™g- 
to be made within the faid five th/fiveports, 
ports have the fame authority 
and power by the King's let- 
ters patents, and commiffion of 
the warden of the fame ports 
for the time being, to inquire 

C3 of 



22 



Anno kcundo Henrici V. 



[f4*4? 



of fuch offences to be done 
upon the main fea within the 
franchifes of the five ports out 
of the body of the counties, 
and to punith all them which 
fliall be before the (aid confer- 
yator of the fame offences u>- 
di&ed or accufed, by like pro- 
cefs, examination, proofs, de- 
termination, judgment, and ex- 
ecution, as the faid admirals 
frafonably, according to the 
gld cuftom and law upon the 
fea ufed, have done and ufed 
out of the faid franchife of the 



mefme le gardein eit toutz les 
forfaitures illoeqes en toutz cas 
come il ad eu & ad eftee ac- 
cuilumee de droit al office da 
gardein des cynk ports fuifditz, 
ayant ceftes heures. Et qe les 
cjites confervatours & chefcun 
de eux eient & ait poair d$ 
faire pleine ejcegutipr) diceftc 
ordinance en la fourme ayant- 
dite. Et qe cefte ordeignance 
tiegne lieu & force pur chofe 
affaire ou attempter encontre 
mefme lordinance apres la pro- 
clamation dicefte ordinance & 
declaration faite. 



The warden 
of* the* five 
ports (hall 
iiave all the 
forfeiture!* 
there. : 



T4H.6.C.8. 
29H.6.C.L 



Ex edit. Raft, 
lierefy. 
Lollardry. 
3 Inft. 4 o,45. 



five ports ; (4) faving that the 
determination of the death of % 
man in this behalf, and the execution of the fame, (hall be 
within the fame frjanchife of the five ports referved tP the faid 
warden, or to his general lieutenant there; (5) and that the 
fame warden (hall have all the forfeitures there, in all fuch 
cafes as he hath had, and havp been accuftomed of right to the 
office of the warden of the five ports aforefaid before this time; 
and that the faid confervators, and every of them, have power 
to make full execution of this ordinance in the form aforefaid. 
And this Ordinance (hall hold place and force, for any thing 
to be done or attempted againft this fame ordinance, alter the 
proclamation of this ordinance ai}d declaration made. 

CAP. VII. 
The intent of the hereticks called Lollards. Magi/trates fhall 

afjift the ordinaries in extirpating berefies and punijhing 

hereticks. Penalty on bereticks convift. 

ITEM, for as much as great rumours, congregations and infurrefti- 
ons, hire in the realm af England by divers of the King's kege peo- 
ple, as well by them which were of the fed of herefy commonly called 
Lollardry y as by other of their confederacy , excitation, and abetment,, 
now of late were made, to the intent to adnull, deflroy, and fubvert the 
(thrift ian faith, ' and the law of God and holy church within this fame 
realm of England, ' and alfo to deftroy the fame ourfovereign lord the 
King and all other mahner ofeftiaies of the fame realm of England, as 
yvell fpiritual as temporal, and alfo all manner of policy, and finally the 
lazvs of the land: the fame burfovereign lord the King, to the honour of 
God, and in confervation and fortification of the cbriftian faith, and am 
infatuation, of his royal eft ate, and of thee/late of all his realm, will- 
ing againft the malice of fuch hereticks and Lollards to provide a more 
bpen remedy and punijhment than hath' been had and ufed in the cafe 
heretofore, fo that for fear of the fame laws and punijhment, fuch 
hereltes and hilar dries may the rather ceafe in time to come, by the advice 
ana affent aforefaid, and at the prayer of the faid commons, hath or- 



dained and eftabWhed: That 



firft the chancellor, treafurcr, 
juftices, 



14 H-3 Anno feotido H&NRICI V. %$ 

juftices of the one bench and of the other, juftices of peace, flier 
riffs, mayors, and bailiffs of cities and towns, and all other of? 
ficers, having governance of people, which now be or hereafter 
for the time (hall be,fliall make an oath in taking of their char- 
ges and occupations, to put their whole power and diligence, to 
put out and do to be put out, ceafe, and deftroy all manner of 
herefies and errors, commonly called Lollardries, within the pla- 
ces where they exercife their offices and occupations from time 
toxime, with all their power, and that they aflift the ordinariesand 
their commiflaries, and them favour and maintain as often as they 
or any of them to that ihall be required by the fame ordinaries 
or their commiflaries, fo that when the faid officers and minifters • 
travel or ride to arreft any Lollard, or to make affiftance at the 
inftance and requeft of the ordinaries or their commiflaries by 
virtue of this ftatute, That the fame ordinaries and commiflaries - 
ihall pay for their coft reafonably. And that the King's fervices, 
to the which the feme officers be firft fworn, be preferred before 
all other ftatutes for the liberty of holy church and the minifters 
of the feme, and in efpecial for the correction and punifhmentof 
the hereticks and Lollards before this rime made and not repealed 
being in their force. And alfo that all perfons convift of herefy, 
of what eftate, condition, or degree that they be, by the faid or- 
dinaries ofr other commiflaries left to the fecular power according 
to the laws of holy church, (hall lofe and forfeit all their lands 
and tenements, which they have in fee fimple in the manner as * 
followeth; that is to fay, That the King have all the lands and 
tenements, which the faid convi&s have in fee fimple, /and 
holden of him immediately as forfeit, and that the other lords, of 
whom the lands and tenements of fuchconvidts be holden im?- 
mediately after that the Kins is fo feifed and anfwered of the 
year the day and the wafte, have livery out of the King's hands 
of the lands and tenements aforefeid of them fo holden, as it 
hath been ufed in the cafe of attainder of felony, except the lands 
4md tenements which he holden of the ordinaries or their commij/aries^ 
before whom any fuch perfons impeached of herefy be convifl, which 
lands and tenements intirefyjhall remain to the King as forfeit. And 
moreover that all the goods and chattels of thefe perfons fo con- 
vi&ed, be forfeit to our fovereien lord the King, fo that no per-r 
fon convfcft of herefy, and left to the fecular power after the 
laws of holy church, ihall forfeit his lands before that he be 
dead. And if any fuch perfon fo convift, be infeofFed be it by 
fine, by deed, or without deed, in lands or tenements, rents or 
fervices .in fee or otherwife, or hath any other pofleflions or 
chattels by gift or grant of any perfon or perfons to another's ufe, 
than to the ufe orfuch convi<fts, That the fame lands nor tene- 
. ments, rents nor fervices, nor fuch other pofleflions, nor chattels 
(hall be forfeit to our fovereignJord the King in no wife. And 
moreover that the juftices of the king's bench, and juftices of Juftices of 
peace, and juftices of aflife, have tell power to enquire of all I**** 
them which hold any errors or herefies,as Lollards, and which be 
their maintainers, receivers, favorers and fuftainerr, common 

C 4 - writer^ 



Sheriff. 



Conifance pf 
berefy. 



14 Anno fecundo HfeNRici V. {1414* 

writers of fuch books, as well of the fermons as of their fchools, 
conventicles, congregations, and confederacies. And that this 
claufe be put in commiflions of the juftices of the peace. And 
if any perfons be indited of any points aforefaid, the faid juftices 
(hall have power to award againft them a Capias, ™d the fheriff 
(hall be bound to arreft the perfon or perfons fo indited as foot} 
as he may them find by him or by his officers. And for as much 
as the conifance ofherefy* errors* ond hilar dries belongeth to the judges 
of holy church* and not to fecular judges: fuch perfons indited (ball 
be delivered to the ordinaries of the places or to their commifia- 
ries, by indentures betwixt them to be made, within x. days af- 
ter their arreft, orfoonerifitmay be thereof to be acquit or con- 
Vict by the laws of holy church, in cafe that thefe perfons be not 
indited of any other thing, whereof the conifance belongeth to 
the fecular judges and officers, in which cafe, after that that they 
be acquit or delivered before the fecular judges of fuch things, to 
the fecular judges belonging, they ihall be fent in fafeguard to 
the faid ordinaries, or to their commiflaries, and to them deli- 
vered by indentures, as before to be acquit or convict of fuch 
lollardrics, errors, or herefies, as is aforefaid, afte.* the laws of 
holy church, and that within the term aforefaid. Provided al- 
ways That the faid indiclmenU be not taken in evidence ■, but for infor- 
mation before the fpiritual judges again ft fuch perfons fo indifted* but 
that the ordinaries commence their procefs again/tfuch perfons indicled 
in the fame manner as though no indielment were* having no regard to 
fuch indiclments. And if any be indicted of herefy, error, or lol T 
lardry,and taken By the flieriff or other officer, he (hall be let to 

Mainprife. mainprife within the faid x. days hy good furety, for whom the 
faid (heriffs or other officers will anfwer, fo that the faid perfon 
or perfons, which were fo indicted, be ready to be delivered to 
the faid ordinaries or to their commiflaries before the end of the 
faid ten days, if he may by any means for ficknefs. And every 
ordinary (hall have fufheient commiflaries or commiflarydwel- 
ing in every county In a place notable, fo that if any fuch perfon 
fo indicted be taken, that the faid commiflaries or commiflary 
may be warned in the notable place where he dwelleth, by the 
fheriff or fome of his officers, to come to the King's gaol in the 
fame county,therc to receive the fame perfon fo indicted by inden- 
tures as before. And that in the inqueil in this cafe to be taken, 
the (heriffs and other officers, to ^hom it belongeth (hall do to 
be impaneled good and fufficient perfons, not fufpected nor pro- 
cured, that is to fay, That every of them which (hall be fo 
impaneled in fuch inqueft, have within the realm of England an 
hundred (hillings of lands, tenements, or of rent by year, upon 
pain to lofe to the King's ufe ten pound, and they which (hall 
be impaneled Jji fuch inquefts in Wales* every of them (hall have 
to the value of xl.s. by year. And if any fuch perfon be arrefted, 
be it by the ordinary or by the Kind's officers or minifters, and 
cfcape or break the prifon before that he be acquit be(bre the or- 
dinary, the goods, and chattels, which he had the day of fuch ar- 
reft, (hall be forfeit to the King and his lands and tenements, 

which 



?5 



. flat. 



1414.] Anno fccundo Henrici V. 

which he had the fame day, feifed alfo into the King's hands* 
the King (hall have the profits thereof from the faid day until he 
be yielded to the prifontrom which he efcaped. And that the 
fore&id juftices have full power to enquire of all fuch efcapes, 
breaking of prifon, and alfo of lands and tenements, goods, and 
chattels of fuch perfons fo indi&ed. Provided alfo, That if any 5 R - 
fiub perfon indieled do not return to the faid prifon, and dieth not con- c, 5 • 
vicl, it /ball be lawful to bis heirs to enter into the lands and tenements \- jj; g c 
of their anceftor, without any other purfuit making to the King for this Repealed by 
coufe, and that all they which have liberties and franchifes royal 1 Ed. 6. c.ia. 
in England, as in the county of Che/ler, the county and liberty of * Eiiz# c - u 
Durham, and other like, and alfo all the lords wnich have jurif- 
di&ion and franchifes royal in Wales, where the King's writs do 
not run, have power to execute and put in due execution thefe 
articles in all points by them or bytheir officers, in like manner 
as the juftices and other the King's officers before declared 
(hould do. 

CAP. VIII. 

Commiffions fhall be awarded to enquire of a riot, and of the 

juftices default therein. 

ITEM, whereas it is contained A fchear&l f 
in the flat ute made the thir- the ftatute ot' 
teenthycar of the noble King He n- 1 3 H. 4. c.7. 



ITEM come contenu foit en 
leftatut fait Ian trefzifme 
del trefnoble Roy Henry piere 
a noftre feignur le Roi qore eft 
entre autres qe ft afcun riote 
aflemblee ou route des gentz 
encontre la leye fe feroit in af- 
cune partie de roialme adonqes 
les juftices du pees trois ou de- 
ux de eux au meyns & le vif- 
cont ou foutz-vifcont de coun- 
te ou tide riote afiemble ou 
route fe fcrroit cnapres vien- 
drentove le poairduditcounte 
fi bofoigne fcrroit pur eux aref- 
ter & eux areftrent & euflent 
mefmes les juftices vifcount ou 
fouth-vifcount poair de recor- 
der ceo qils troverent end fait 
en lour prefence encountre la 
leie et qe par le record de mef- 
mes les juftices vifcount ou 
fouthvifcount ferroient tielx 
trefpaflburs ou malfefours con- 
vi€tz en manere & fourme co- 
me eft contenu en leftatut de 
forcible* entrees. Et fil avien- 
flroit qe tielx trefpaflburs & 
fnalfefoijrs fuiflent departiez de- 
vaunt.le venue des ditz juftices 

& 



ry, father to our lord the King P ro ™d <d 
that new is, amcntf other things, ^commk 
That if any not, afjembly, or rout any riot, rout, 
of people againfl the law be made or unlawful 
m any part of the realm, then the aflem %- 
ju/lices of the peace, three or two 
of them at theleaft,andtheJberiffor 
under -Jberiff of the county where 
fuch riot, affembly % or rout fhall be 
made hereafter, fhould come with 
the power of the faid county, if 
need ivere, to arrejl tbem, and 
them Jhould ancft\ (2) and the 
fame juftices, fieriff, or under- 
Jberiff, Jhould have power to record 
that which they found fo done in 
their prefenceagainjl the law \ and 
that by record of the fame juftices, 
Jberiff, or under-flxriff, Juch trcf-^ 
paffers or offenders Jhould be con- 
vicl in manner and form as is con- 
tained in theflatute of forcible en- 
tmes. (3) And if it happen that 
fuch trefpaffcrs or offenders were 
departed before the coming of the 
jullices, Jberiff, or tmder-jberiff, 
that the jame juftices, three or two 



%6 Anno fecundo Hknrici V. [1414, 

cf them Jhould diligently inquire & vifcont ou fouthvifcont qe 



within a month after fuch riot, af 
fembly, or rout of people fo made, 
and the fame hear and determine 
according to the law of the land \ 
(4) and if the truth could not be 
found in manner as afore is [aid, 
within a month then next enfuing, 
the faidt juftices, three or two of 
them, and the Jheriff or under -Jhe- 
riff* Jhould certify before the King 
and his council all the deed and 
circumftance of the fame -> which 
certificate Jball be of like force as 
the prefentment of twelve men, 
upon which certificate thefaidtref 
pafjers and offenders /hall be put 
to anfwer, (5) and they which be 
found guilty, Jhould be punijhed ac- 
cording to the difcretion of the 
King and his council. (6) And 
moreover, that the juftices of peace 
dwelling near eft in every county 
where fuch rout, affembly, andri- 
pt of people Jhould be made here- 
after, together with thejherijfor 
ynder-Jberiffof the fame counties, 
and alfo the juftices of affifes for 
the time thai tiny Jball be in their 
feffions, in cafe that any fuch riot, 
'affembly, or rout be made in their 
' prefence, Jhall make execution of 
this flatute, everyone of them up- 
on pain of an C. li. to be paid to 
the King, as often as they Jball be 
found in default of execution of the 
fame flatute. (7) Andforgfmucb 
as many riots, routs, and affemblies 
have been made in divers parts of 
the realm, fince the making and 
proclamation of the fame flatute, 
becaufe that the fame flatute hath 
pot been put in due execution, as 
our fovereign lord the King hath 
perceived by divers and grievous 
tomplaints to him made in this pre- 
fent parliament', (8) the faAe 
our lord the King, willing here- 
of to provide a better remedy, 
by the advice and aflent afore- 
faid, and at the fuit of the faid 
commons, 



mefmes les juftices trois ou de- 
ux deeuxenquergerent diligeal- 
ment deins un moys apres tie] 
riote aflemble ou route des 
gentz enfi faitz & ent oierent 
oc terminerent folonc la leyc 
de la terre etfi la verite ne pur- 
roit eftre trove en maner come 
devant eft dit adonqes deins 
un moys lors profchein enfuant 
certifierent les ditz juftices trois 
ou deux de eux & le vifcount 
ou fouth-vifcount fuifditz de- 
vant le Roy & fon confeil tout 
"le fait & les circumftances di- 
cell quell certificat foit de au- 
ticl force come la prefentement 
de xij. fur quel certificat foient 
les ditz trefpaffours & malfe- 
fours mys a refpons & ceux qi 
font trovez coupables foient 
puniz folonc la difcretion du 
Roy & de fon dit confeil. Et 
outre ceo qe les juftices de la 
pees demorantz le pluis prof- 
chein en chefcun countee ou 
tiel route aflemble ou note de 
gentz fe ferroit en apres en- 
femblement ovefqe le vifcont 
ou fouth-vifcount de mefme les 
countees & auxi les juftices 
dafllfes pur le temps qils fer- 
ront en lour feffions en cas qe 
afcun tiel riote aflemble ou rou- 
te fe ferroit en lour prefence 
ferroient execution de ceft ef- 
tatut chefcun fur peine de C.li. 
appaierezau Roi atantz de foitz 

3ils ferroient trovez en defaute 
el execution de mefme Jefta- 
tut. Et pur tant qe pleufeurs 
riotes routes & aflemblees ont 
efte faitz en diverfes parties du 
roialme puis la confe&ion & 
proclamation du dit eftatut a 
caufe qe mefme leftatut nad 
mye efte mys en due execution 
come noftre treflbverain feig- 
nur le Roi lad concieu par di- 
verfesj&t hidoufes complaints a 

luj 



H*4-] 



Anno fecundo Henrici V. 



*7 



toy faitz en cede prefent parle- 
ment mefme noftre feignur le 
Roy voillant fur ceo faire pluis 
greindre remedic del advys & 
aflent avantditz & al priere des 
ditz communes ad ordeigne & 
eftablie qe fi defaute foit trovee 
en les ditz deux juftices de la 
peesbu juftices daffifes &le vif- 
count ou foutz-vifcount del 
countee ou tiel riote affemble 
pu route fe ferra touchant lexe- 
cution qils doient faire par ver- 
jtue del dit eftatut & dont mef- 
me leftatut fait mention qadon- 
qes al inftance de la partie gre- 
vee iflera commiflion le Roy 
defouz fon graunt feal denque- 
rer fibien de la veritee del cas & 
de la matter originate pur la 
partie compleignante come de 
le defaute ou defautes des ditz 
juftices vifcount ou foutz-vif- 
-count celle partie fuppofez a 
adrefler as fuffic^antz perfones 
indifferentz a la nomination & 
advis du cbaunceller dEngle- 
jerre & qe les ditz commiflionr- 
ers meintenant envoient en la 
chauncellerie les enqueftes & 
matters deyant eux celle partie 
prifez & trovez. Et putre ceo 
qe les coroners de nhefme le 
countee pur le temps efteantz 
ou tiel note aifembl? ou roujte 
fe ferra ferront Jes papules fur 
la dite commiflion retournablgs 
pur le temps qe le vifcount if- 
fint en defaute (ijppofee eftoife 
jen fon office les quelles coroners 
retourneront nulles perfones 
mes tielx qe ont terres tene- 
mentz ou n?nt a Je value de 
x. li. par an a meyns. Et au^i 
qe mefmes les coroners retour- 
neront fur chefcun des ditcs 
perfones a empanellerz a le pri- 
iner jour qant ifluez font a per- 
drez xx.s. au meyns & afecon- 
de jour xl.s. a meyns & a tier- 
ce jour Q.s. a meyns & a chef- 
cun 



commons, hath ordained and Comipiflion* 
ftabli(hed, That if default be flia,, *f . 
found in the m^'j^Z^f*, 
of the peace, or juftices of af- riot, and of 
fifes, and the (heriff or under- the juftices 
(heriff of the county, where-™*! toerifFt 
fuch riot, afTembly, or rout (hall Vu&\ g- 
be madp, touching the execu- ' 
lion that they ought to make 
by virtue of the faid ftatute, 
and whereof the faid ftatute 
maketh mention, that then at 
the inftance of the party grieved, 
the King's commiflion (hall gq 
out under his great feal, to in- 
quire as well of the truth of 
the cafe, and of the original 
matter for the party complain-r 
ant, as of the default or defaults 
of the (aid juftices, (heriff, or 
under-flieriff, in this behalf 
fuppofed, to be directed to fuf T 
ficient and indifferent perfons, 
at the nomination and by the 
direction of the chancellor of 
the realm of England; (9) and Uponthecom- 

that the faid commiffioners ^ n } he u co " 
r *i a. 11 ^ • ^ -.1- ronen flialJ re- 

prefently (hall return into the ^m the 

chancery the inquefts and mat- ioqueft, 
ters before them in this behalf and of what 
taken and found; and more- Efficiency the 
over, that the coroners of the ]mon (ha,lbCi 
fajne coynty for the time being, 
in which county fuch riot, af- 
fembly, or rout (hall be made, 
(hall make the panel upon the 
faid commiflion returnable for 
the time that the (heriff fo fup- 
pofed in default (hall continue 
in his office, (11) which coro- What hTuet 
ners (hall return no perfons, ^ c coroners 
but onlyfuch which havelands, JM^ 
tenements, or rents to the value r£n t and upon 
of x 1. by year at lead; (12) what penalty, 
and alfo that the fame coroners 
fhajl return upon every of the 
faid perfons empanelled at the 
firft day when iflues be to be 
loft, xx s. at the lead, and 
at the fecond day xl. s. at the 
lcaft, and at the third day C. s. 

at 



25 



Anno fecundo Henrici V. 



Where the 
lherjfF and not 
the coroners 
(hall return 
the jury. 



A writ direct- 
ed out of the 
chancery to 
inquire of , 
riots. 



at the leaft, and at every day 
after the double at the lead; 
which iffues fo returned by 
caufe of non-appearance of fuch 
perfons empanelled, (hall be 
adjudged as forfeit to the King, 
and leviable to his ufe; (13) 
and if default be found in the 
faid coroners, touching the re- 
turn of fuch perfons to be em- 
panelled, or touching the re- 
turn of fuch iffues, as afore is 
faid, that every of them (hall 
forfeit to the king's ufe forty 
pounds ; ( 14) and if it happen 
that the faid (heriff fo reputed 
in default, be difcharged of his 
office at the time that fuch 
commiffion (hall be awarded 
out of the chancery, that then 
the new (heriff of the fame 
county, his fucceffor mediate or 
immediate for the time being, 
and not the coroners of the 
fame county, (hall make the 
panel upon this commiffion re- 
turnable in manner and form, 
as the faid coroners (hould do 
in time when the (heriff fo re- 
puted in default continued in 
his office; (15) and that the 
fame new (heriff (hall incur like 
pain of forty pounds to the 
King, if any default in him be 
found touching the return of 
other perfons by him empanell- 
ed* which have not lands, te- 
nements, or rents to the value 
often pounds by year, or of re- 
turning fuch iffues which the 
faid coroners be above charged 
to return, as the faid coroners 
are to lofe to the King in this be- 
half. ( 16) And that the chan- 
cellor of England for the time 
being, as foon as he may have 
knowledge of fuch riot, affem- 
bly, or rout, (hall caufe to be 
fent the King's writ to the juf- 
tices of the peace, and to the 
ftieriff or undcr-flieriffof the 
comity 



[I414- 

cun jour apres le double au 
meyns les queux iffues iffint re- 
tournez par caufe de non ap- 
parencedetielxempanellez fer- 
ront ajuggez come forfaitz au 
Roi & a (on oeps levables. Et 
(i defaute foit trove en les ditz 
coroners touchant le retourne 
de tielx gentz a empanellerz ou 
touchant le retourne dautielx 
iffues comeavant eft dit qe chef- 
cun de eux perdra aloeps le 
Roi xl. li. Et fil aveigne qele 
dit vifcount enfi rette en defaute 
foit defcharge de fon office a 
temps qe tie! commiffion iflera 
hors de la chauncellerieqadon- 
qes le novell vifcount de mef- 
me lecountefonfucceflbur im- 
mediate ou mediat pur le temps 
efteant & nient les coroners de 
meifme le countee ferra le pa- 
nell fur celle commiffion retour 
nable en les maner & fourme 
come les ditz coroners ferront 
en temps qant le vifcount iffint 
rette en defaute efteit en fon 
office. Et qe mefmc le novell 
v ifcount encourgera autiele pei- 
ne de xl.li. envers le Roi ft ak 
cun defaute en luy foit trovee 
touchant le retourn dautres per- 
fones par luy a empanellerz qi 
nont tcrres tenementz ou rent 
a le value de x. 1. par an ou de 
retourne dautielx iflues come 
les ditz coroners font fuifchar- 
giez de retournir (icome les dit* 
coroners font a perdre envers 
le Roi ceft partie, Et qe le 
chaunceller dEngleterre pur le 
temps efteant fi toft come il 
purra avoir conufance dautiel 
route aflemble ou riote il face 
envoier brief le Roi as juftices 
de la pees & a vifcont ou foutz- 
vifcont del countee ou ils font 
iffint faitz qils mettent leftatut 
ent fait en execution fur la pet-* 
ne contenue en ycelle. Et co- 
ment qe tiel brief ne veigne 

my* 



*4H3 

tnye as ditz juftices & vifcont 
ou foutz-vifcont eux ne ferront 
pas excufez de la peine avant- 
dite 61s ne facent mye execution 
del eftatut fuifdit. 

Purveu qe les juftices & au- 
tres; officers fuifditz ferront lour 
offices fuifditz as cottages du 
Roy en alant demorant & re- 
toumant en fefuntz lour dites 
offices per paiement ent affaire 
par le vifcont de mefme le 
countee pur le temps efteant 
parendentures entre le dit vif- 
cont & les ditz juftices & autres 
officers fuifditz afaires de le 
paiement fuifdit dont le dit vif- 
cont fur fon accompte en lef- 
cheqer purra avoir due allou- 
ance. Et qe tielx riotours at- 
teintz de grauntz & haynofes 
riotes eicnt emprifonement dun 
an ent^er a meyns fanz eftre 
lefle hors du pnfone par bailie 
mainprys ou en autre maner 
durant Ian fuifdit. Et qe les 
riotours atteintz des petitz notes 
eient emprifonement come fem- 
ble melx a Roy ou a fon con- 
fetti. Et qe les fyns dicelles 
liotours atteintz foient par les 
ditz juftices encreflez & mys a 
greindres fommes qils ne foloi- 
ent eftre mys en tielx cafes de- 
vant ces heures en aide & fup- 
portatton de les coftages des 
juftices et autres officers fuif- 
ditz celle partie. Et qe les 
lieges du Roy efteantz fuffice- 
antz pur travailler en le coun- 
tee ou tielx routes affemblesou 
riotes font foient affiftentz as 
juftices commiffioners yifcont 
& foutz-vifcont de mefme le 
countee qant ils ferront refo- 
nableuaent garniz pur chivacher 
ove les ditz ju^ices commif- 
fioners & vifcont ou foutz-vif- 
cont en aide de refiftence de 
tielx notes routes & aflemblez 
£ir peine demprifonement & 

faire 



Anno fecundo Henrici V. 



county where they be fb made, 
that they (hall put the ftatutp 
in execution upon the pain 
contained in the fame; and 
though that fuch writ come 
not to the faid juftices, (heriff, 
or undcr-ftieriff, they (hall not 
be excufed of the pain afore- 
(aid, if they make not execu- 
tion of the faid ftatute. 

II. Provided always, That 
the faid juftices, and other of- 
ficers aforefaid, (hall execute 
their offices aforefaid at the 
King's cods, in going and con- 
tinuing in doing their (aid of- 
fices, by payment thereof to be 
made by the (heriff of the fame 
county for the time being, by 
indentures betwixt the theriff 
and the faid juftices, and other 
officers aforefaid, to be made of 
the payment aforefaid, whereof 
the faid (heriff upon his ac- 
count in the exchequer may 
have due allowance; (2) and 
that fuch rioters attainted of 
great and heinous riots, (hall 
have one whole year's impri- 
fonment at the lead, without 
being let out of prifon by bail, 
mainprife, or in any other 
manner, during the year afore- 
&<U (3) and that the rioters 
attainted of petty riots (hall 
have imprifonment asbeftfhall 
feem to the King or to his 
council; (4) and that the fines 
of fuch rioters attainted* (hall 
be by the faid juftices increafed 
and put to greater fums than 
they were wont to be put in 
fuch cafes before this time, in 
aid and fupportatioh of the juf- 
tices and other officers afore- 
faid in this behalf; (5) and 
that the King's liege people be- 
ing fufficient to travel in the 
county where fuch routs, afi- 
femblies, or riots be, (hall be 
afliftant to the juftices, com- 
miffioners, 



29 



A riot (hall be 
reprefled and 
inquired of at 
the King's 
charges. 



The punifli- 
ment of 
rioters. 



Each able per* 
fonfhallbeak 
fiftant to the 
juitices and 
iheriff to re- 
prefs riots. 



30 



Bailiffs of 

ranchiles. 



Anno fecundo Henrici V. 

miflioners, (heriff, or under- 

(heriff of the fame county, 

when they (hall be reafonably 

warned, to ride with the faid 

juftices, commiffioners, and 

(heriff, or under-(heriff, in aid 

to refift fuch riots, routs, and 

affemblies, upon pain of impri- 

fonment, and to make fine and 

ranfom to the King; (: ) and 

that the bailiffs of franchifes 

(hall caufe to be impanelled fuf- 

ficicnt perfons as before, upon 

pain to lofe to the King forty 
* pounds, in cafe that fuch fu£ 

ficient perfons may be found 
Riots commit- within the fame franchifes; (7) 
ted in cities, and that like ordinances and 
^^ pains (hall hoH place, and take 
^wnscorpo- c gr^ j n c \ t \ ts ^ boroughs, and other places and towns infiran- 

chifed, which have juftices of the peace within the cities, bo* 

roughs, and other places aforefaid; (8) and that this ftatute 

(hall begin to hold place prefehtly after the proclamation there- 
19 H. 7. c.i 3. of made. 

CAP. IX. 

A remedy to punijh him that doth commit felony \ and flee into 
an unknown place. 



t'4'4-' 
faire fyn & ranceon a Roy. Et 
qe les baiiifs des franchifes fa- 
cent empaneller fufficeantz 
gentz come defuis fur peine de 
perdre ou Roy xl. li. en cas qe 
tielx pc'rfones fufficeantz pur- 
roht eftre trovez deinz meimeS 
les franchifes. Et qe fembla- 
blesordeignances& pfcinesteig- 
nent lieu & forte en citees 
burghs & autres villes & lieux 
enfiranchifez queux ount jufti- 
ces de la pe6s deins les citees 
burghs villes & autres lieux fu- 
ifditz et qe ceft eftatut com- 
mencera a tenir lieu meinte- 
naunt apres la proclamation 
ent fait. 



ITEM,forafmuch as great and 
grievous complaints have beeh 
<made to our fovereign lord the 
King, by the commons in this pre- 
fent parliament* of divers mur- 
ders, man/laughters, robberies, 
batteries, affemblies df people in 
great number in manner ofinfur- 
recfion, and of divers other rebel- 
lions and riots, and after fuch of- 
fences the faid felons and offenders 
flee, and withdraw themfelves into 



divers woods andfecret places and 

1 elfew: 
intent and purpofe t* avoid the ex- 



iininotvn, and etfewhere, to the 



ecution of the common law, and 
that they might not be brought to 
anfwer-, (4) whereupon our fo- 
vereign lord the King, confi- 
dering the aforefaid complaint, 
by the advice and aflent of the 
lords fpiritual and temporal in 
the fame parliament aflefnbled, 

hath 



ITEM pur ceo qegraunde & 
greVotffe compteint ad eft* 
fait a Roy noftre foverain feig- 
hur par les communes en ceft 
prefent parlement de diverfes 
taurdrts hofriicides robberies 
bateries affemblees de gentz en 
graund noumbre par manere 
dnfurre&ion & de diverfes au-» 
tfes rebellions & riotes & apr&i 
tieux maffaitz les ditz felons & 
meffefourcs fenfuent & retrc* 
hent as diverfes boys & lieux 
covertez & difconuz & aillour* 
a lentente & pufpos de voider 
lexecution de la commune ley 
& qils ne ferroient afmefnez a 
refpOunfe felonc proces de la 
ley fur quoy noftre dit foverain 
feignur le Roy confiderant la 
fuifdite compleinte par aflent 
des feignfurs efpirituelx & tem- 
porelx en mefme le parlement 
affem- 



<4 f 4-l Anno fecundo HeNRICI V. 

aflemblez ad ordeine & eftabliz hath ordained and eftablifhed 



3* 



a la requefte des ditz commu- 
nes qe fi afcuny en temps ave- 
nir viegne en la chauncellarie 
& face compleint duement qe 
afcun ticl felon ou maffefour 
come avaunt eft dit fen.eft fuy 
ou retrehet a afcun tiel lieu ou 
aillours a lentente fuifdit foit 
fur tiel compleint une bille 
fufficiantment rait pur le Roy 
& ait le chaunceller dEngle- 
terre pur le temps efteant apres 
tiele bille a luy liveree fil poet 
dire enformez duement tiele 
bille contenir veritee poair de 
fairc folonc fa difcretion un 
brief de Capias a la fuite de 
Roy direct a vifcount de coun- 
tee ou countees ou les ditz 
murdres homicides robberies 
bateries & autres mefFaitz font 
fuppofez par la dite bille eftre 
faitz & perpetrez retournables 
en la dite chauncellarie a cer- 
tein jour. Et fi les perfones 
en le dit brief contenuz foient 
prifez par le dit vifcount ou 
foy rendent en mefme la chaun- 
cellarie qadonqes foient tielx 
perfones mys en garie ou a 
mainprife felonc la difcretion 
du chaunceller. Et outre foit 
maunde denquerer de tielx 
tnalfaitz & fur ceo foit fait 
come la leie demande. Et fi 
le vifcount retourne a jour de 
Capias retournable qe les per- 
fones en ycelles comprifez par 
afcun de les caufes fuifditz ne 
purront eftre par luy prifez ne 
mefmes les perfones ne foi ren- 
dent en la dite chauncellerie 
qadonqes face le dit chaun- 
celler (aire brief de proclama- 
tion direct au dit vifcount re- 
tournable en banc du Roy a 
certeift jour qil face proclama- 
tion en deux countees qe les 
perfones en le dit brief nomez 
veignent a dit jour en le fuifdit 

banc 



at the requeft of the faid com- 
mons, That if any perfon here- 
after come into the chancery, 
and make complaint duly, that 
any fuch felon or offenaefr, as 
afore is faid, flee or withdraw 
himfelf into any fuch place, or 
elfewhere, to the intent afore- 
faid, upon fuch a complaint a 
bill (hall be fufficiently made 
for the King ; (3) and the 
chancellor of England for the 
time being, after fuch a bill to 
him delivered, if he may be 
duly informed that fuch a bill 
containeth truth, (hall have 
power to make according to 
his difcretion a writ of Capias 
at the King's fuit, direded to 
the (heriff of the county or 
counties where the faid mur- 
ders, man (laughters, robberies, 
batteries, and other offences be 
fuppofed by the faid bill to be 
done and perpetrate, returnable 
in the faid chancery at a certain 
day. (4) And if the perfons 
in the faid writ contained be 
taken by the faid (heriff, or 
yield themfelves in the fame 
chancery, that then fuch per- 
fons (hall be put in ward or to 
mainprife, according to the 
difcretion of the chancellor. 

(5) And moreover be it com- 
manded to inquire of fuch of- 
fences, and upon that ihall be 
done as the law requireth. 

(6) And if the (heriff return at 
the day of the Capias returna- 
ble, that the perfons in the 
fame comprifed for any of thefe 
caufes aforefaid, cannot be by 
him taken, neither the fame 
perfons do yield themfelves in 
the faid chancery, that then 
the faid chancellor (hall caufe 
to be made a writ of procla- 
mation directed to the faid (he- 
riff, returnable in the King's 

bench 



A remedy ta 
punifli him 
who doth 
commit any 
murder or 
robbery, and 
then doth flee 
into a fecret 
place. 



The party ac- 
cufed is taken 
by the (heriff, 
or yieldeth 
himfelf. 



Themeriffre. 
turaeth, that 
the party cair- 
not oe taken. 



3* 



The fuggefli- 
ons of luch 
riots (hall be 
ttfljficd under 
the feals of 
two jultice* of 
peace and the 
fheriff. 



Riots commit- 
ted in a coun- 
ty where there 
is a chancellor 
aad a feal. 



Anno fecuudo HENRici V. 

.bench at a certain day, that he 
Ihall make proclamation in two 
counties that the perfons nam- 
ed in the faid writ ihall come 
at the laid day in the bench a- 
forefaid, there to anfwer to the 
matter comprifed within the 
faid bill, upon pain to be con- 
vict of the matter comprifed in 
the faid bill ; (7) and that in 
every fuch writ of proclama- 
tion ihall be contained the fub- 
ftance of the matter comprifed 
within the faid bill : (8) and if 
they come not at the day of 
fuch proclamation returned, 
then (hall they be holden and 
adjudged for convict and at- 
tainted as aforefaid} and if 
they come at the proclamati- 
on, it (hall be of them inquir- 
ed and done in manner as 
above is faid. 

II. Provided always, That 
the fuggeftions of fucn riots be 
teftified to the chancellor of 
England by letters fealed under 
the feals of two juftices of the 
peace at the leaft, and the fhe- 
riff of the county where fuch 
riots (hall be made, before that 
the writ of Capias be granted ; 
(2) in which writ ot Capias* 
the matter which is comprifed 
within the fame bill (hall be as 
well exprefled, as in the writ 
of proclamation thereof to be 
made. (3) And if fuch cafe 
happen in the county palatine 
of Lancajier* or elfe in any 
franchife where there is a 
chancellor and a feal, that then 
the chancellor of England (hall 
caufe to be written or font by 
the King's writ to the chan- 
cellor of fuch county or fran- 
chife, all the fuegeftion in the 
faid bill comprifed, command- 
ing him to make fuch execu- 
tion as in the faid article is 
comprifed * {4) lb always that the King's writ (hall not run 

out 



banc pur y rcfpondre a la ma- 
tier compris eu la dite bille fur 
peine deftre conviclz de la ma- 
tier comjris deins la dite bill* 
& en chefcun tiel brief de pro- 
clamation foit contenu la fub- 
ftance de la matier compris 
deinz la dite bille & fils n* 
veignent a jour dc tiele procla- 
mation retournee foient adon- 
qes tenuz & adjuggcz pur con- 
vi&z & atteintz come defuis 
eft dit & fils veignent a la pro- 1 
clamation foit de eux enquis & 
fait en manere come defuis eft 
dit. 

Purveu qe les fuggeftions det 
tielx riotes foient tefmoignez 2 
le chaunceller dEngleterre par 
lettres enfealez defoutz les feals 
de deux juftices du pees a meins 
& le vifcount del countee ou 
tielx riotes ferront devant ceo' 
qe tiel brief de Capias foit 
graynte en quel brief de Capias 
foit fibien la matiere exprefle 
quel eft compris deins m.frne 
la bille come en le brief de pro- 
clamation ent affaire. Et fi tiel 
cas aveigne en le countee pa-» 
latyn de Lancaftre ou aillours 
en franchife la ou il y ad chaun- 
celler & feal qadonqes le dit 
chaunceller dEngleterre face 
efcriver ou envoier par brief 
du Roy a le chaunceller de tie! 
countee ou franchife toute la 
fuggeftion en la dite bille com- 
pris commandant a luy de faire 
tiel execution come en le dit 
article eft compris iflint touts 
foitz qc brief du Roy hors de 
la chauncellarie dEngleterre ne 
courge en tiel countee ou fran- 
chife autrement qe nad efte 
ufee en temps pafle & qe cefte 
ordinance eftoife en fa force 
tanqe al fyn du profchein par- 
lement. 



14*4-] Anno fecundo Henrici V, ,33 

out of the chaticerv of England in fuch a county or franchife, 
othe wife than hatn been ufed in time paft ; (5} and that this Made perpe- 
ordinance (hall (land in his full force until the end of the next tuai ty * H.6# 
parliament. c "'*' 



Other ftatutes made at We/lminfier y Anno 2 He n .V. 
ftat. 2. and Anno Dom. 14 14. 



NOSTRE feignur le Roy 
a fon parlement tenuz a 



Wcftm* le Lundy apres les 
oeptaves de feint Martyn Ian 
de fon regne feconde del advis 
& aflent des feignurs efpirituelx 
A temportlx re a les efpecialx 
requefte & inftance des com- 
munes de fon roialme adonqes 
illoeqes aflemblez ad ordeine 
fait & eftablie diverfes ordi- 
nances & eftatutz en la fourme 
qenfuit. 



/^VUR lord the King, at his 



parliament holden at Weft- 
minfter, the Monday next after 
the Utas of St. Martin, the fe+ 
condyear of his reign , by the adr 
vice and ajfent of the lords fpiri~ 
tual and temporal, and at the fa- 
cial inflame and requejl of tht 
commons of his realm then then 
affembled s hath ordained and ejta- 
blijbed divers ordinances andfla- 
tutes in the manner and form as 
followetb. 

CAP. I. 
What fort of men jhall bejuftices of the peace: 

PRtmerement qe les juftices THIRST, That the juftices of 4 Inft. 51. 
de la pees delore enavaunt JT the peace from henceforth > E <*-3- ftat.*# 

affaires deinz les countees d En- to be made within the coun- ^*^d .3.0 .1. 

gleterre foient faitz de les pluis ties of England, (hall be made What fort of 
~ ~ of the moft fufficicnt perfons perfons (hall 

dwelling in the fame counties, "* J uft *c e * °* 
by the advice of the chancellor P***** 
and of the King's council, 
without taking other perfons 
dwelling in foreign counties to 
execute fuch office, except the* # 
lords and the juftices of affifes 
now named, and to be. named 
by the King and his council ; 
and except all the King's chief 
Rewards of the lands and feig- ( 
niories of the dutchy of Lan- 
cajler, in the north parts, and 
in the fouth, for the time be- ijlta.lUtx; 
ing. c.7. r 

CAP. II. 
The yearly wages of chaplains and parifh priefts fettled. 

ITEM, whereas it is contained in the ftatute, made the xxxvi. Ex edit. Raft. 
year of King Edward the Third after the conqueft, That no Parilh P"^' 
parilh prieft nor yearly prieft (hould take but v. marks, or vi. at 
Vol. IH. ' D the 



tufficeantz perfones demurantz 
en mefmes les countees par ad- 
vis du chanceller & confeyll le 
Roy fanz prendre autres per- 
fones demurantz en foreins 
countees a tiel office occupier 
forfpris les feignurs & les juf- 
tices daflifes ore nomez & ano- 
merz par le Roy & fon confeil 
& forfpris auxi les chiefs fenef- 
chalx du Roy des terres & feig- 
nuries del duchee de Lancaftre 
en le north & le fouth pur le 
temps efteantz. 



|4 Anno fecundo HfcNJtIci V. [i4H< 

the molt for their wages by year. And where the parifh prtefta 
which now be, will not ferve but for x.li xii. marks or x. marks 
by year at the leaft, againft the form of die faid ftatute, to the 
great damage of the King's liege people, as he hath perceived by 
the complaint of the commons of his land : the King willing for 
the fame to provide remedy in eafe of the faid commons, nath 
ordained and eftablilhed, That no yearly chaplain within the 
realm (hall take froth henceforth more for his whole wages by 

J ear, that is to fay, for hfc board) apparel, and other neceuaries, 
ut viL marks, nor the parith priefts, which be or (hall be re- 
tained to ferv? cures, thall take from henceforth for their whole 
Wages by yea*, that is to fey, for the things afortfeid but yiii. 
marks, unrefs it be by licence of the ordinary, fo that the whole 
turn pafs n6t nine marks. 

CAP. III. 

Of what eftatt tbofe jurors mujt he^ which are to pafs touch- 
ing the Hfe oftodn^ plea real, or forty tntorks damage*. 

Explained by YTEM, The King confider- TTEM le Roy confiderant let 

S H.6.C.S9. X ing the great mifchiefs and A grandes mefchiefs & defhe- 

difherifohs which daily happen ritanccs qe de jour en autre 
through all the realm of Eng- 
land, as well in cafe of death of 



36IM.J.C.S. 
Rcp.njac.i. 



C.&S. 



a man, as in cafe of freehbld, 

% and in other Cafes, by them 

which pafs in inquefts in the 

faid cafes, which be common 

{"urors, and other that have but 
ittle to live upon but by fuch 
inqueft, and which have no- 
thing to lofe becaufe of their 
falfe oaths, whereby they of- 
fend their confidences the more 
largely * (2) and willing thereof 
to have corredion and amend- 
ment, hath ordained and efta- 
• blifhed, by aflent of the lords 
and commons aforefatd, That 
no perfon (hall be admitted to 
Of whateftate pafs in any inqueft upon trial 
Juron mutt be of the death or a man, nor in 
who are to # any j n q UC ft betwixt party and 
pais in an in- L. - 1 1 r • J 1 

queft touch- V***? m P ,ca rea, » nor m P lca 

ing the life of perlonal, whereof the debt or 
'feait, pTearea), the damage declared amount to 
orforty marks f orty mar k s> jf the feme perfon 
Affiles. j laye not j an j s Qr t?nemcnts 0f 

the yearly value of forty (hil- 
lings above all charges of the 
fame ; (3) fo that it be chal- 
lenged by the party, that any 
a fiich 



aveignent parmy tout le roi- 
alme fibien en cas de mort de 
hoftime come en cas de franc 
tenement & es stutres cafes par 
ceux qi paflent es enqueftes eu 
les ditz cafes qi font communis 
jurours & autres qi nont qe 
poie de vivre mes par tieux en- 
queftes & les queux nont riens 
a perdre par caufe de lour faux 
feremente paront ils le pluis 
legierment offendent lour con- 
fcience et voillant ent avoir cor- 
rection & amendement ad or- 
deigne & eftablie par aflent des 
feignurs & communes fuifditz 
qe null perfone foit admys de 
pafler en afcune enquefte for 
trial de mort de homme ou en 
afcune enquefte parentre partie 
& partie en plee real nen (dee 
perfonell dont.le dette ou les 
damages declarez amontent a 
quarant marcz C mefme la per- 
fone neit terres ou tenements 
de annuell value de quarant 
fouldz outre les reprifes dicelles 
ifiint qil foit chalangee par la 
partie qe afcun empanelle en 
uiefmes les cafes nad my terres 

ou 



#4 r 4-1 Almo fcftindo HfiNRlCi Vi 35 

*u tenements, a le value an- fuch pcrfon fo impanelled in Raft. 117- 
fiuell de quarant fouldz outre the fame cafes hath not lands *^ d l-c.ij- 
les charges come avaunt eft or tenements of the yearly va- J Q j['£ $ ' g 
dk. lue of forty (hillings above the 1$. ' ' " ' ' 

charges, as afore is faid. * H.7. f.13. 

CAP. IV. loH - 7f,+ * 

^bertfhall be no giliing offilvtr ware, but of the allay of 
Englifhjfor/*Arg\ 

TTEM pur ceo qe les or- TTEM,y*r that the goldfmith There (ball ba 
"" " A of England, of their covin ™> g ttdi "g <* 

tfW ordinances, will not fell the toVrhTi- 
«/*ra of their myflcry gilt, but at i ay t EngliOi 
/A* £feir£/i price of the weight ^/"ftcrling. 
the filver of the fame, which 
fecmeth to the King very outrage- 
ous and too exceffive a price 



JL feours .dEngleterre de lour 
Commune covyn & ordinance 
ne voillent my vendre les chofes 
de lour miftier endorrez finon 
a double pris de le pois dar- 
gent dicelles le quell femble a 
Roy trop outrageous & trop 
exceffive pris le -Roy pur laife 
de ion poeple voiUant ceo re- 
medier ad ordeine & eftablie qe 
toutz les orfeours dEngleterre 
fuiforrent null argent pier qe 
del allaie defteriing Englois & 
oils prcignent pur la libre de 
Troy orre xlvi. s. viii, d. a pluis 
& de ereindre pois & de mein- 
dre felonc.la quantite & laffe- 
ame de mefme la fomme et 

3e eeo qe fcrra par eux fuiforre 
efore enavaunt foit de refona- 
ble pois & nqn pas.exceflive et 
fi nul orfeour face le contraire 
forferra a Roy la value de la 
chofe vendue* 



(2) the King for the cafe of 
his people, willing to remedy 
the fame, hath ordained and 
eftablifhed, That all the gold- R«p in paif. 
fmiths of England (hall gild no "Jac.i.c.i*. 
filver worfe than of the allay 
of the Englijb fterling* and that 
they take for a pound of Troy The ponnd 
gilt but forty-fix (hillings eight Troy of filver 
pence at the m*J Wtf &**£ 
greater weight, and lefs, ac- 8( i # 
cording to the quantity and 
rate of the fame fum ; and that 
which (hall be by them gilt 
from henceforth (hall be of 
reafonable price, and not ex- 
ceffive ; (4) and if any gold- 
fmith do contrary to this fta- 
tute, he (hall forfeit to the King 
the value of the thing fo fold. 5 H.4. c.tj. 

• CAP- V. 
^<r Wtlchman, on procefs awarded againft him for detain- 
in* a&'Englilhman, refufe to appear, befhatt be outlaw- 
ed and writs fo all be iffued to apprehend him. 

ITEM,ferafnmch as fines the rebellion of the W elchmen now late Ex edit. Raft. 
reformed, many of the rebels of Wales, with other their adhe-Vt^cu 
rents, wiih force ana arms in the manner of war, fometimes by day, 
and Sometimes by night, have come into the counties of Salop, Here- 
ford, and Gloucefter, and in other places bordering upon the fame 
tmmtrus, and in divers woods and other places there hid and lodged* 
biue traiteroujty and felmoufiy taken many of the Kings faithful liege 
people, fome- mrjdingubput their tnerchqndijes and doing their own te- 

D 4 fi**f* 



%S Anno feeundo HeniuCI V. [1414* 

Jinefs, andfime in their houfcs where they were obi ding, doing their works 
in their hufbandry in God's peace and the King's, and thofe the King 9 s liege 
people fo taken, have brought out of their country to aivers parts of 
Wales, and them have kept and witholden with them in the mouth- 
tains of thofe parts of Wales by half a year, fometime more, and 
fometime lejs, till they have ranfomedjomt ofthejaid liege people to an 
C li. andfime more after their rate, in like manner as is ufed in time 
of war % to the great damage and mifcbuf of the people of the faii 
counties and countries, and to an evil example, if it be not the rather 
remedied, as the King by the grievous complaint of the commons hath 
\rA' of P erce ivedz Our fovereign lord the King, willing againft all fuch 
pej^ 1 offenders to ordain a due puniihment, hath ordained and efta- 

bJifhed, That the juftices of peace within the counties of Eng- 
land afligned for the time, (hall have power to enquire, hear % 
and determine all manner of fuch treafons and felonies, as well 
at the King's fait as at the party's : fo that in cafe that fuch 
ofFcnders will not appear before the faid juftices, to anfwer as 
the law requireth in this behalf, till they be according to the 
cuftom of the realm outlawed ; then the fame juftices (hall cer- 
tify by their letters under their feals, the officers of the feigno- 
ries, in which fuch outlaws be withdrawn, abiding, or reliant, 
of the outlawry upon them fo pronounced. And that the fame 
officers upon that certification, take the bodies of thofe out- 
laws, and do execution upon them in the fame feignory, as the 
Altered by law demandeth, without fine or ranfom in this behalf to be. 
£ *7H.«*.»*. made. 

CAP. VI. 
Merchandifes of the fidple fball not be exported Beyond feo* 
without the King's licence, until they be firft brought to 
theftaple. 

Staple. TTEM, whereas in the parliament holden the firft year of King 

X Heftry the Fourth, father to the King that now is, by the advice 
cfthe lords and commons in the fame affembled, it was ordained and 
afjented, That thefiaple of wools* leather, woolfels, lead, and tin, 
Jhmld be wh lly at Calais, Caving always, that all the merchants of 
Genoa, Venice, Catalonia, Arragon, and of other realms, hum, 
and countries towards the Weft, being of the King's amity, that would 
bring to Hampton or elfewhere within the realm, caraks, Jbipi, gal- 
leys, or other veffeis, charged or difcharged, might freely Jell their 
merchandises to whom pleafed them, and there to recharge all their 
faidvejjels of wools, leather, woolfels, lead, and tin, and of other 
merchandifes of thefiaple, and f reefy bring them into their country to- 
wards the Weft, after the form ofthefiatute thereof made the fe^ 
cond year of King Richard the Second after the conqusfl. Anl 
faved alfo to the burgeffes and merchants of the town ^Berwick upon 
Twee<f, and to the refiants and inhabitants in the fame, that they 
may buy wools, leather, and woolfels, as well of the growing */* Tin- 
dale and other places within the realm of Scotland, and other of the 
growing of England, that is to fay, of all that place betwixt the wa- 
ters of Tweed andQok&t, as of the growing of other parts within the 



§4 1 5.] . Anno tcrtio Henr r ci V. yj 

realm */" Scotland: and the fame wools, fells, and leather ', to bring 
to the port of the faid town ^Berwick, and to carry them to foreign 
parts* or Jet them to (ale in the /aid town of Berwick, according to 
4he form andeffefi of an ordinance thereof made the firjl year of the 
find King Richard, And now fo it is, that certain merchants, a; 
well *f the ifles ofjtxky and Guernfey, as merchants of the parts of 
Britanny, and Guion, do buy in divers places of Cornwal whole tin 
not molten, and the fame cany and fend to be fold in divers parts of i 
France, Normandy, Britanny, Guion, and elf where than to the 
faid ftaple, andalfo dwers other merchants, as well denizens asjlran- 
gers, do buy and fend molten tin, called Jhotten tin, out of the realm 
to the parts tf/" Flanders, Holland, Zealand, and to othft parts be- 
yond the fea, than to the faid ftaple* againfl the form oftbefmt} ordir 
nance fo late made, to the great fraud, lofs, and damage to' the King, 
as of bis cuftoms, and to the hindrance of all their repairers to the 
famejlap/e, as the King is thereof certified by the motion of his com- 
mons now prefent : The Kins confidering the fame ordinance tp 
fee necefiary and profitable tor him and the faid ftaple, will, 
mnteth, and commandeth, That the fame (hati (land in his 
force, and moreover the King, by the aflent of his lords fpi- 
ritual and temporal, and of his commons here aflembled in this 
parliament, will and ordaineth, That no wools, fells, leather, 
lead, nor tin, whole or molten, called fhotten tin, nor none o r 
ther merchandife of the ftaple, from henceforth (hall be fent 
nor carried to any parts beyond the fea, unlefs they be firfl: 
brought to the faid ftaple after the form of the faid ordinance 
made the firft year of King Henry, upon pain of forfeiture of all 
the merchandifes in fuch manner lent or carried out of the 
realm, unlefs it be by the King's licence, and except thofe pen- 
fons, places, and things, which be excepted' in the faid ordi r 
nance made in the faid firft year of the faid King Henry for the 
time that the perfons of the places fo excepted be of the King's 
amity, and that in the form contained in the (aid ordinance. 
And moreover that every man (except thofe before excepted) 
which (hall fend or carry any fuch merchandifes of the ftaple 
out of the realm of England in time to come, (hall find good 
and fiifficient furety to the King, before his cuftomcrs, of the 
place where the feme merchandifes (hall be taken and cuftomed 
'within the feme realm, before that he depart with the fame 
merchandifes, that he (hall firft bring or fend them to the faid *«•*•**•*• 
ftaple in the form afonefaid, unlet he have the King's licence as % n. 6. c.4. 
«fore is (aid. 14 Ed . j.c.3. 



A ftatutc made at Weflminfler, Anno 3 Hen. V. 
and Anno Dom. 141 5. 

FAIT aflavoir qe a le parle- A T the parliament holdcn qt 
agent tenuz a Weftm* le /jl Weftnynfter the Monday 
Lundy D 3 next 



5* Aniio tcrtfo HfcNRiei V # [141* 

next after tbifedjl of AH Saints, Lundy profchein apres le feft 
the third year of thei reign of King de touts faintz Ian du rcgne It 
Henry the Fifths a ftatute was Roy Henry quint apres le con- 
madehy the King our lord % with qucft tierce tuif fait un eftatvt 
tfre affent of all thf lords fpiritual par le Roy del affent de tout* 
end temporal* and at the requifi les feignurs efpiritoelx & tern- 
of the commons af England there porelx a lefpeciale requtfte des 
qffembled for the common profit communes dEngleterre aflem- 
and weal of the realm. bin illoeqes pur le commun* 

bien & profit df tout It 

roialme. 

• CAP. I. 

Itjhall be felony to import or offer in payment any firt of m^ 
unforbidden by former Jtatutes. 

Ex edit Baft. HPHAT is to fay, That Gaily halfpence, and the monev 
Gaily halt- . JL called Sufitin and Dotkin* and all manner of Scottijk 
pence. money of filver, (hall be put out, and not be current hereafter 

for any payment in die realm of England. Joined to the fame,, 
that proclamation be made through all. the counties of England 
within franchises and without, and dfewhere, that all that have 
6uikin*&4 Gaily halfpence, fufkinsordotkins, (hall bring them to the King's 
Dotkin. exchanges betwixt this and the feaft oiEofter ntfct enfuing, there 

Money, to be broken, and that that is found good filver, there to be 

ftriken and coined in EngUJb halfpence. And all they which af- 
ter the faid feaft ofEa/fer do make coin, buy, or bring into the 
realm of England any Gaily halfpence, fufkins, or dotkins, to 
fell them, or to put them in payment in the fame realm, and 
thereof be attainted, they (hall be judged as felons of our fove- 
reign lord the King, and Stall forfeit all their lands and tene- 
ments goods and chattels. And that the lords, of whom fuch 
lands and tenements be holden, (hall have and enjoy the for- 
feitures as in other cafes of felony. And if any of the King's 
liege people or other perfon put Gaily halfpence, fufkins, or 
dotkins, in payment, or them receive in payment, within the 
realm of England, and thereof be duly attainted, they (hall for- 
juftices of && at every time that they make fuch payments or reefcit, C s. 
peace. whereof our fovereign lcrd the King (hall have the one half, 

and he that will fue for the King thereof to attaint them, (hall 
have the other half, and that as well the juftices of peace withiq 
all the counties of England, as mayors and bailiffs within the 
-v cities and boroughs, and ftewarps of lords in their view of 

BalirfFs." frankpledge, (hall have power to enquire bv good enquefts to 
fre«ar<|s. be taken before them of all thje matters aforeiaid. And that the 
fcid mayors and bailiffs, after the faid enquefts before them 
taken, (hall fend the fame inquifitions before the juftkes of 
peace of the counties, in which the faid cities and boroughs be. 
And that the (aid juttlces of the peaps of the counties havt 
power, as well of the faid inquifitions fo taken before fuch 
piayors and bailiffs, and fent before the faid juftices (as afore is 
$id) as upon other inquifitions before the fame tufticts of 

pcact 



WS] Annq tfrtio Henhici V. S9 

peace in their feflions to be taken touching the (aid matters, to 

make procefs, and to award the Capias and Exigend, and to hear 

and determine all the frid matters according to their discretion, 

as in other cafes of fcW 1 ^ W$ trefpaifcs }wh t>e$p ufed before i HU.e.9. 

this time. 



Statutes made at Wefiminfter, Anno 3 Hen. V. 
ftat. 2. Anno Dom. 1415* 

NOSTRE feignur fc £qya {XG& lord the King, at his 

foo parlement tenuj^ ? v*/ parfiamtnt widen at Wett- 

Weftpi* leJLundy fe fefzifme xc^TAtvtheMorid^theftxtb % dof%^ lxtttni Yi 9 

jpurdeMarczlaodcfonregne $f March, the third year of bif 

tierce dd advis & agent At§ reign* iy the advice and ajfent of 

feignurs efpirituel* h tempQ- the lords Spiritual end temporal 

rrlx & a la requefte des cqjjj- and at the rewjl of the commons, 

mimes aflemblcz ep ptyefme je afcmbkd in the fame parliament, 

parlement ad ord^ignez & efta- oath ordained and eftabltfbfd di- 

bliz diverges ordinances & c(U- vtrsfoWes and ordinances in thf 

tytz en la fourme qatfuii, form following. 

CAP, J. 

// confirmation of the liberties of the church, and of all pgr- 

fins, cities, &c. 

PRimerement qe feinte ef- THIRST, That holy church The liberti* 

glife eit toutz. fes libertees F have all her liberties and of the church 

Jk franchifes & qe toutz lesfei- franchifes, and that the lords *nd «£ «M c j" 

run jfpirituelx & temporelx Spiritual and temporal, and o- and M?on» 

lei autoes lieges du Roy ei- ther the King's liege people, confirmed. 

ante libertees £ franchifes & having liberties and franchifes, 

touts ks ri^ees & burghs du and all the cities and boroughs 

rotalme ctent & enjoient touts of the realm, have and enjoy all 

lour libertees & franchifes their liberties and franchifes, 

queue ils aunt des grantes dt which they have had of the 

les progenitours noftre feignur grants of the King's progeni- 

le Roy & de la confermemenj tors, and of die confirmation ' 

mefine noftrc feignur le Roy ou of th<? fame our lord the King, 

fongrante demefhe fbrfpris ceux or his grant ; (2 ) except always 

franchifes & libertees queux thofe tranchiies and liberties 

font repollex en ceft prefect which be repealed in this pre- 

parlement & ceux qe font re- fent parliament, and thofe that 

pmHffr par Ja compaune Ieie, be repealable by the common 

law. 



CAP, 



40 Anno tcrtio Henrici V. [I'M^* 



fex edit.Raft. 



CAP. II. 

Privilege given to certain abbots \ £sfr, to make their at tor- 
nies in the courts <?/Stancliffe and Frendles. 

ITEM, forafmuch as there be divers abbots, priors, and o-?' 
ther religious perfons, whereof Tome be of the King's foun- 
dation, and fome of the foundation of other lords of the realm 
of England, dwelling as well within the county of Lancajler* aft 
in the county of York, whereof fome have pofiefiions within the 
wapentakes of Standiffe wapentake, znd Fnendles wapentake, in 
Craven in the county of Tori, and fome not, againft whom divers 
perfons daily by abettment and procurement of the bailiffs, ap- 
provers of the courts of the faid wapentakes, and the ftewards 
that hold pleas in the faid courts, and of fermours of the pro- 
fits and revenues of the faid courts, feign and procure by them 
and oth$r of their covin and aftent, rfivers plaints, pleas of 
debt, and trefpafs, and other pleas againft them in the courts 
of the faid wapentakes, and there whereas the fame abbots and 
priors come to the faid courts, for the defepce of fuch wrongful 

f)laints. and pleas, and pray and profer to the ftewards and bai- 
iffs of the (aid courts to make their attornies in fuch pleas : the 
faid ftewards and bailiffs the fame refiife, and will not receive 
fuch attornies of fuch abbots and priors in any plea of debt or 
trefpafs, nor in any other plea, and that moreover the fame 
ftewards and bailiffs of their own authority do apierce the faid 
abbots and priors for every plaint, at the firft time xiid,. 
and at ev&ry other time, for every of the faid plaints xs. 

xiiasdxxs. and xxs. and more at their own will, to the great damage 
and grievance of the faid abbots and priors, and againft re** 
fon and the common law of the land : the King hath ordain-' 
ed remedy of the (aid grievances, that all fuch abbots arid pri- 
ors, and their fucceflbrs and every of them, fo vexed and to taj 
vexed in the faid courts, may make their general attornies or 
attorney, that is to fay, every of them under the common feal 
of his noufe, to gain and lofc in every manner of plea of debt 
and trefpafs, and m any other plea moved or to be moved in 
the faid courts and in all other courts within the (aid wapen- 
takes. , And that the ftewards and bailiffs in the faid courts re- 
ceive the laid attornies fo made and named without any contra- 
diction. And if the fame ftewards or bailiffs refufe to 'receive 
any fuch attornies or attorney, fo made and named to be made 
,,qt to be named, that then the ftewards and bailiffs at every 
time of fuch refufal of fuch attorneys, (frail forfeit and incur the 
pain of ten pounds to our fovereign lord the King. And that 
the faid abbots and priors, or their fucceflbrs in the faid courts, 

■' nor none of thep, be in any wife amerced for any nonfuit or 

default otherwife than fecular perfons. And that this ordinance 

w ftand in his force for all the year next following, and till the 

9H.6.c?io. parliament in the fame year next following. 

CAP. 



14'5/J 



Anno tcrtio HenrIci V. 



CAP. III. 

All Britons not made denizens Jhall depart the realm upon 
pain of death. 

ITEM, whereas divers Britons be now late come within the Britons, 
realm, fome of them abiding about the queen's perfon in her 
houfe, and fome nigh the faid houfe, and elfewhere within the 
faid realm, for to hear, know, and perceive the fecretnefs of 
the realm, and the fame to difcover to Britons, which be the 
greateft enemies of the King and of his realm, and for to cany 
away the money and jewels out of the faid realm, r in great prejur 
dice and damage to the King and to all his realm, as our fo- 
vereign lord the .King by the grievous complaint of his com T 
mons is inftrucled : the lame our fovereign lord the King will 
and hath ordained, That all fuch Britons dwelling in the 
queen's houfe, and other abiding nigh to the fame houfe and 
elfewhere, not made denizens, (hall be voided out of the realm: 
and that proclamation be made, that the faid Britons do void 
our of the realm betwixt this and the feaft of St. John the Bap- 
tift next coming, and that upop pain of life and of member. 

CAP. IV. 

JU provifions* licences* and pardons of a benefice full of an 
incumbent Jhall be void. 

yTEM combien en temps le TTEM, whereas in the time ofiH-4**t. 

X King Henry the Fourth* fa- 



X Roi Henry quart pier a Roy 
noftre treflbverain feignur qi 
Dieu aflbille Ian de fon regne 
feptifme pur efchuer plufeurs 
difcordes & debates & diverfes 
autres mefchieves verifembla- 
bles a fourder & avenir a caufe 
des plufours provifions adon- 

2es faitz & afiairz par lappo- 
oill&auxi des licences fur ceo 
grauntez par le dit nadgairs 
Roi entre autres chofes or- 
deignez eftoit & eftabliz qe 
null tiele licence ou pardon en- 
fy grantee pardevaunt mefme 
lorainance ne a grander en a- 
prcs ferroit vaiffable a afcunc 
benefice plein dafcun incum- 
bent a jour del date en tiele li- 
cence ou pardon grante. Nien- 
tiemeins diverfes perfones 
eiantz provifions de lappof- 
toill de diverfes benefices en 
Engleterre & aillours & licen- 
ces roialx pur executer les ditz 

pro- 



ther to our fovereign lord* whom 
God forgive* thejeventh year of 
his reign* to efcheiv many dif cords, 
and debates* and divers other 
mifihiefs which were likely to rife 
and happen \ becoufe of many pro* 
vifions then made* or to be made* 
by the pope* and alfo of Ucencer 
thereupon granted by the faid late 
King* amongjl other things it wat 
ordained and Jlablijhed* That no 
licence or par don fo grant td before 
the fame ordinance* nor after to 
be granted* Jbould be available to 
any benefice full of an incumbent 
at the day of the date of fuch li- 
cence or pardon granted: (2) not- 
withfianding fcveral perfons hav- 
ing provifions of the pope of divers 
benefices in En^hnd*andelfavhere 
ana licences royal to execute the /aid 
provifions* have by colour of the 
fame provifions^ licences and ac- 
ceptations of the faid benefices* 
fubtVly 



4* 



Aimo t©rtio Hp^Ricj V, 



i l * l $< 



fubtilly excluded divers perfim of provifions ont par colour died- 
their benefices^ in which they have les provifions & licences & ac- 



AU provifions 
made by the 
pope, and li- 
cences or 
pardons 
granted by 
the King) 
touching anv 
benefices full 
of an incum- 
bent fall be 
voidl 



teen wcmbvits h a kng jeqfiw, 
of the collations of the patrons Jbi-> 
ritual^ tq them duly made to their 
intent, to the utter de/truffioq 
andfubverfioH of the efiates of the 
faid incumbents: (3) the King 
willing to remove fiich mif- 
chief, hath ordained and efta- 
bliftied, That all the incum- 
bents of every benefice of holy 
church, of the patronage, col- 
lation, or prefentation of fpi- 
rituil patrons, may peaceably 
and quietly enjoy, and (hall 
enjoy their faid benefices, with- 
out bein^ inquieted, iqolefted, 
or any wife grieved by any co- 
lour of fuch provifions, licen- 
and acceptations whatfo- 



ces. 



ever: (4)andthatall the licences 



captations des ditz benefice* 
fuqtielment ouftezdiverfes per- 
forms de lour benefices e$ quevig 
ils ont eftez incumbentz par 
long temps dell collation dee 
verraies patrons efpirituelx a 
eux faitz duement a lour en- 
tent a finall definition & enerV 
vation deflates dicelx incum- 
bentz le Roi voillant ouftier 
tide mefchief fi ad orddgne & 
eftablie qe toutz les incum-* 
)>entz de qeconqes benefices de 
feinte efglife del patronage col- 
lation ou prefentation des pa- 
trons efpirituelx puiflent pejfi- 
blement & quietement enjoier 
& ejijoient lour ditz benefices 
fanz eftre inquietez moleftez 
on grevez afcunement par af- 



and pardons upon and by fuch cuny par colour de tieux pro- 
provifions made in any man- vifions ou licences & accepta- 



»5Ed.3*(Ut.6« 



ner, (hall be void and of no 
value. (5) And if any fed 
himfdf grieved, molefted. or 
inquieted iji any wife from 
henceforth by any colour of 
fuch provifions, licences, par- 
dons, pr acceptations, that the 
fame molefters, grjevers, and 
inquieters, and every of them, 
(hail fuffcr and incur the pain 
and punilhments contained ii> 
the flatytcs of provjfors before 
this time made, and that by 
procefs of Pr^mumre facias 
formed upon the cafes (6)ai}4 
that the party which wall fue 
by the fame writ, (hall recover 
his treble damages, if the de- 
fendants named in the faqie 
writ, or any of them, be cop- 
vi& in that behalf. 



tions queconqes. Et qe toutz 
le$ licences & pardons fur 8f 
pur tieux provifions faitz en 
afcun manere (bient voidez & 
de null value. Et fi afcuny fe 
fente grevee molcfte ou in- 
quiete afcunement deforena- 
vaunt par afcuns ou afcuny 
par colour de tieu* provifionn 
licences pardons 013 accepta-r 
tions qe meftnes es grevours mo- 
Ifftours ou inquietours & chef* 
cuny de ceux dent & encour-r 

rat ait & encourge les peine* 
puniflemf ntz en les eftatut* 
& onldgriances des provifour* 
avant £es heures faitz conte- 
nyz t* ceo par oroces de Pre- 
munire facias fourmee fur lo 
cas & qe la partie qi purfuety 
mefme le brief reegvera fes da T 



mages a treble fi les defen- 
dants en meime le brief nomez ou afcupy dicell fo#nt ou foif 
convidz ouconvift cefte partie. 



CAfV 



*4*5-l 



Anno tertio HbkHici V* 



4$ 



CAP. V. 

Inwbicb courts an attaint may he brought upon afalfe verdiB 

given in the city of Lincoln, and by whom it Jhall bo tried* 

"JTEM <combien par eflatut TTEM, whereas by the fat uU 13 R.». tot.*. 

JL made in the parliament balden c ' 1 ** 
Weftminfter the thirteenth 



JL fait en le parlement tenux 
a Weftm* Ian du reigne lc Roi 
Richard fccondc puis lecon- 
queft trefzifine ordcignc fuit & 
eftablie qen afliics jurccs & toutx 
autres enqueftes queux delora 
ferroiei\t prifez parenire partie 
et partie devaunt les mair & 
ballives de la citee de Nichole 
qi pur Je temps ferroient fi af- 
cune dps parties, delors foi 
pleindroit de faux ferement fait 
par tielx affiles jurees ou en- 
queftes latteint luy ferroit gran- 
tee & le record ferroit mandee 
par brief en banc le Royou 
en commune banc et qe le vif. 
font arraietoit le panejl del ju- 
ree de tide atteinte desforeias 
ianz mander al franchife du 
jlite citee et qe lesjuftices pren- 
droient mefme lajureedemef- 
mes les foreins nient contreef- 
teant afcune franchife grantee 
audite citee ou autre ufagea 
contrarie. Jalcmeios pur tint 

3c fir Henry nadgairs Roi 
Engleterre pier a noftre tref- 
foverain feignur avauntdit le xxi, 
jourde Novembr* Ian de foa 
regne unTzifme par fes lettre* 
jMtentz entre autres graunta as 
•mair & comminalte de la dite 
citee qe le noun des bailli ves dp 
mefme la citee ferroit translate 
en le noun des vifcontz et qe 
mefme la citee les Aiburbes of 
le purceint dicell forfpris le 
chaftell & le bayle de Lincoln 
<& ks mures & fofles dicell alors 



at 

year of King Richard A&s Second* 

it was ordained and ejlablijhed* 

That in afftfes* Juries* and all other 

infue/ls* which thenceforth Jbould 

he taken betwixt party and party 9 

before the mayor and bailiffs of the 

ctty of Lincoln, which for the 

time Jbouldbe* if any of the parties 

then did complain him off aye oath 

made byfucb af/ifes* juries* or in- 

quefls* that the attaint Jbould bo 

granted to him* and the record 

Jbould be font by writ into the 

kings bench* or into the common 

bench 1 (a) and that the Jberiff 

Jbould array the panel of the jury 

offuch attaint* of foreign^* with* 

out fending to the franchife of the 

faid city* and the juflices Jbould 

take the fame jury of the fame 

foreigns*notwithfiandtn^ any/ran* 

chife granted to the fasdcity* or 

any other ufage to the contrary. 

(3) Nevertbelefs* forajmucb at The name of 

tie lard Henry, late King efExkg~ bailiffs of 

the Ktng aforefindt the twenty- name of fec- 
firft day ^November, the tbsr- rift. 
teenth year of Ins reign* by bio 
letters patents* amongft others* 
granted to the mayor and common- 
alty of the faid city, that the name 
of bailiffs of the fame city Jbould 
be tranjlated into the name of 
Jboriffs* and that the fame city* 
fuburbs* and precinft of the fame 
(except the caftUof Lincoln, and 
the walls ana ditches of the fame) 



.pur toutz jours ferroit appelle Jbould for ever be called the 

le countee del citee de Lin- county of the city of Lincoln ; 

coin plufeurs gentz font & ont divers people be and have been in 

efteez en ambiguite le quell doubt* whether a man that will 

homme qi pleindre fe vorra de complain of a falfe oath made in 

faux tb\ 



4* 



Anno tertio Henrici V. ['4i'5> 

the county of the faid city after ', by faux feremcnt fait en Ic countee 



force of the faid fat Me, Jbould 
have a writ of attaint directed to 
the Jheriff of the county of ^ Lin- 
coln, to be arrayed by the people Oj 



Upon t falfe 
verdift given 
before tbe 
mayor Sec, 
of tbe county 
of tbe city of 
Lincoln, an 
attaint may 
be brought 
friable by 
foreigner*. 



the fame county ', or noU and am 
of other articles and points of the 



T aidftatute\ (4) the King will- 
ing to remove all manner of 
ambiguities and doubts in this 
behalf, hath ordained, granted, 
and *ftabli(hed, That in affifes, 
juries, and all other inquefts 
which be and (hall be taken be- 
twixt party and party, before 
the mayor and bailiffs, and be- 
fore the flieriff of the county 
of the city of Lincoln^ which 
for the time is, and (hall be, or 
any of them, if any of the faid 
parties do complain of a falfe 
oath made by (uch affiles, ju- 
ries, and inquefts, a writ of at- 
taint (hall be granted to him, 
direAed to the (heriff of the 
faid county of Lincoln for the 
time being, and the fame re- 
cord (hall be fent by a writ in- 
to the king's bench, or into the 
common bench; (5) and that 
the (heriff of the county of Lin- 
eobty which for the time (hall be, 
(hall array the panel of the ju- 

Sof fuch attaint of people of 
e county of Lincoln; and that 
the juftices of the King; and of 
his heirs (hall take the fame ju- 

2' of people of the county of 
incoln y according to the in- 
tent and eflfcdt of the faid fta- 
. tute, notwithstanding the (aid 
letters patents, or any thing 
therein contained, or any pof- 
feflion or other thing by the 
force of the fame letters had or 
made, or any franchifc granted, 
or to he granted to the citizens 
of the faid city, or to their fuc 



du dite citee puifle par force del 
eftatuit fuifdit avoir brief de at - 
teinte adreflcr a vifcont del 
countee de Nichole deftre arw 
raie par gentz de mefme le 
countee ou nemy&auxintdau- 
tres articles & points de mefme 
leftatut le Royvoillant oufter 
toutz maners ambiguitees & 
awereftees cede partie fi ad or- 
deigne grante & eftablie qen 
affiles jurees& autres enqueues 
qeconqes qi font & ferront pri- 
fez parentre partie et partie de- 
vaunt les mair & baillives jdu 
vifcont del countee de la dite 
citee de Nichole qi purle temps 
furent ic ferront ou afcuns de 
eux Gafcun des parties foi plemt 
de faux ferement fait par tieux 
affifes jurees ou enqueftes brief 
datteint luy foit grante adrefler 
al vifcont del dit countee de* 
Nichole pur le temps efteant k 
le record foit mandee par brief 
en banc le Roy ou en commu- 
ne banc et qe le vifcont del 
countee de Nichole qi pur le 
temps ferra arraie le panell dd 
juree de tiel atteinte des gentz 
del countee du Nichole et qe 
les juftices du Roy & de fes 
heirs preigneht melme la juree 
del countee de Nichole folonc 
fentent & lefreftdel dit eftatuit 
les ditz lettres patentz ou rieri! 
leins contenuz ou afcune poflef- 
fion ou autre chofe par force de 
mefmes les lettres euz ou fritz 
ou afcune franchife grantee ou 
a grander as citezeins du dite 
citee ou a lour fucceflburs ou 
autre ufage a contraire ou ceo 
qe la dite citee de Nichole eft 
enfy fait incorporate countee 
par luy mefmes & feveree del 
countee de Nicole non obftantz. 



ceflbrs, or other ufage to the 
contrary, or that the faid city of Lincoln is fo made incorpo- 
rate. 

CAP- 



Anno tcrtio H&ttRici V. 



4$ 



CAP. VL 
It /ball be treafon to clip* wajb* or file money. 

I pur ceo <je devaunt TTEM, becaufethat before tbit Clipping, 

X time great doubt and ambi-™^*™* 



heures grande doutc & 
ke ad efte le quell la 
loture & fylyng de la 
de la terre duiflent eftre 
n. trefon ounient acau- 
all mention ent efte fait 
declaration des articles 
on faitz en le parlement 
an vingt & quint del 
Roi Edward befaiela 
dit treflbverain feignur 
mefme noftre feignur 
voillant ouftre tide dou- 
mettreen certain ad de- 
en ceft prefent parle- 
•e tieux tonfure loture & 
lent adjuggez pur trai- 
qe ceux qi tondent la- 
i filent la moneie de la 
ient adjuggez trai tours a 
a le roialme & encour- 
peine du traifon. 



guity hath been,w!,etber that clip- Son g e?JfU,i. 
ping* wajhing* and pling of /£# realm dull be 
money of the land, ought to £/ hightreafaa, 
judged treafon* or not* foraf much 
as no mention thereof is made in 
the declaration of the articles of 
treafon made in the parliament 
ho'aen the twenty-fifth year of 
King Edward the Third-, (2) 
the fame our lord the King, 
willing to decide fuch doubt, 
and to put the fame in a cer- 
tainty, hath declared in this 
prefent parliament, that fuch 
clipping, waftune, and filing, 
(hall be adjudged for treafon, 
and they whichio do clip, wafli, Replied bv 
and file the money of the land, f Ed. 6. cm. 
(hall be judged traitors to the &iMar.fdEj. 
King and to the realm, and c ' f : ^ J**" 
(hall incur the pain of treafon. £«. $ 



CAP. VII. 
jufiices fball have authority to bear and determine the 
offences offalfijying of money. 

Mpur ceo qe contrefai- TTEM, becaufe counterfeiting*^ 

e tonfure & loture &au- JL clipping* wajhing* and other 

ixine de la moneie de la falfiti of money of the land* is 

ft le pluis ufee & pluis fe much more ufed* and daily doth 

ie de jour en autre qe more abound than it was wont* 

eit a caufe qe le punifle- for that the tunijbment of the 

licelles nappertient a af- fame pertaineth not to any judges 

ige du roialme finoun bs of the realm* but to the King*s 

1 du Roi devaunt luy jufiices before himfelf* or by fpecial 

commiffions thereto ajjigned* and if 



s ou devaunt jufiices 
pecialx commiflions a 
ignez a verraifemblable 
Stion de la dite moneie 
p pluis haftive execution 
ledie foit ordeigne come 
a le grevous compleint 
z communes ad conceu 
: noftre feienur le Roi 
t ceo remedier fi ad or- 
& dtablie qe les jufii- 
ces 



is very likely there will be dejlruc- 
tion oftty money* unlefs hafty ex- 
ecution and remedy be provided* as 
the King by the grievous complaint 
of the commons hathterceived; (2) What ju^cei 
our faid lord the King, willing (hall have au- 
to remedy the fame, hath or- L honty 5°j 
dained andeftabli(hed,That the J^gfJ' 
King's juftices afligned to take offences of fa]- 
affiles in all the counties of %"ȣ of mo- 
Engltwd™*- 



44 Anno tertio Henrici V. [*4*5- 

the county of the faid city after ^ by faux ferement fait en Ic countee 
force of the faid Jlatute^ Jbould 
have a writ of attaint directed to 
the Jheriff of the county of Lin- 
coln, to be arrayedby the people ^ 
the fame county ', or not 9 and am 



du dite citee puifle par force del 
eftatuit fuifdit avoir brief de ait* 
teinte adreflqr a vifcont del 
countee de Nichole deftre ar-r 
rate par gentz de mefme le 



tfpona falfe 
verdift given 
before the 
mayor &c, 
of the county 
of the city of 
Lincoln, an 
attaint may 
be brought 
friable by 
foreigner*. 



of other articles and points of the countee ou nemy & auxint dau 



Jaidjiatutt\ (4) the King will 
ing to remove all manner of 
ambiguities and doubts in this 
behalf, hath ordained, granted, 
and fftablifhed, That in affifes, 
juries, and all other inquefts 
which be and fhall be taken be- 
twixt party and party, before 
the mayor and bailiffs, and be- 
fore the flieriff of the county 
of the city of Lincoln* whicn 
for the time is, and (hall be, or 
any of them, if any of the faid 
parties do complain of a falfe 
oath made by fuch affifes, ju- 
ries, and inquefts, a writ of at- 
taint (hall be granted to him, 
dire&ed to the fheriff of the 
laid county of Lincoln for the 
time bring, and the fame re- 
cord (hall be fent by a writ in- 
to the king's bench, or into the 
common bench; (5) and that 
the fheriffof the county of Lin- 
eoktj which for the time fhall be, 
(hall array the panel of the ju- 

Sof fuch attaint of people of 
e county of Lincoln \ and that 
the juftices of the King; and of 
his heirs fhall take the fame ju- 

2r of people of the county of 
incofay according to the in- 
tent and effedt of the faid fta- 
.tute, notwithftanding the faid 
letters patents, or any thing 
therein contained, or any poif 
feflion or other thing by the 
force of the fame letters had or 
made, or any franchife granted, 
or to he granted to the citizens 
of the faid city, or to their fuc- 



tres articles & points de mefme 
leftatut le Royvoillant oufter 
toutz maners ambiguitees & 
awereftees cefte partie fi ad or- 
deigne grante & eftablie qen 
affiles jureesic autres enqueues 
qeconqes qi font & ferront pri- 
fez parentre partie et partie de- 
vaunt les mair & baillives .ou 
vifcont del countee de la dite 
citee de Nichole qi purle temps 
furent & ferront ou afcuns de 
eux Gafcun des parties foi pleint 
de faux ferement fait par ticux 
affifes jurees ou enqueftes brief 
datteint luy foit grante adrefler 
al vifcont del dit countee At 
Nichole pur le temps efteant & 
le record foit mandee par brief 
en banc le Roy ou en commu- 
ne banc et qe le vifcont del 
countee de Nichole qi pur le 
temps ferra arraie le panell del 
juree de tiel atteinte des gentz 
del countee du Nichole et qe 
les juftices du Roy & de fes 
heirs preigneht melme la juree 
del countee de Nichole folonc 
fentent & leffeadel dit eftatuit 
les ditz lettres patentz ou rierfl 
leins contenuz ou afcune poflef- 
fion ou autre chofe par force de 
mefmes les lettres euz ou faitz 
ou afcune franchife grantee ou 
a grantier as citezeins du dite 
citee ou a lour fucceflburs ou 
autre ufage a contraire ou ceo 
qe la dite citee de Nichole eft 
enfy fait incorporate countee 
par luy mefmes & feveree del 
countee de Nicole non obftantz. 



ceflbrs, or other ufage to the 
contrary, or that the faid city of Lincoln is fo made incorpo- 
rate. 

CAP* 



?4i5-t 



Anno tcrtio H&ttRici V. 



4S 



CAP. VL 

Itjhall be trcafon to clip, wajb, or file money. 

ITEM pur ceo qe devaunt TTEM, becaufe that before /A// CHroing, 
ccs heures grandc doute & X time great doubt and ambi- 7^ n 9 * 



and 

guity bath been,w!>etber that clip- SSe^i. 
ping, wajhing, and filing of tbe realm (hall be 
money of tbe land, ought to £/ high treafaa, 
judged treafon, or not, forafmuch 
as no mention thereof is made in 
tbe declaration of the articles of 
treafon made in the parliament 
ho!aen the twenty-fifth year of 
King Edward the Third; (2) 
the fame our lord the King, 
willing to decide fuch doubt, 
and to put the fame in a cer- 
tainty, hath declared in this 
prefent parliament, that fuch 
clipping, washing, and filing, 
(hall be adjudged for treafon, 
and they whichio do clip, wafli, Repealed br 
and file the money of the land, f eEus. cm. 
(hall be judged traitors to the &iMar.feff.j. 
King and to the realm, and ' 1 : £ nd ™j7 i " 
(hall incur the pain of treafon. c?,!* 5 



awereufte ad efte le quell la 
tonfure loture & fylyng de la 
moneiede la terre duiflent eftre 
adjuggcz trefon ounientacau- 
fc qe null mention ent efte fait 
en la declaration des articles 
de traifonfaitz en le parlement 
tenu Ian vingt & quint del 
noble Roi Edward befaiel a 
noftre dit treflbverain feignur 
le Roi mefme noftre feignur 
le Roi voillant ouftre tide dou- 
te & le mettre en certain ad de- 
clarree en ceft prefent parle- 
ment qe tieux tonfure loture & 
filer foient adjuggez pur trai- 
fon & qe ceux qi tondent la- 
vent & filent la moneie de la 
terre foient adjuggez traitours a 
Roi & a le roialme & encour- 
gentla peine du traifon. 

CAP. VIL 

JVbat juftices Jball have authority to bear and determine tbe 
offences offalfifying of money. 

ITEM pur ceo qe contrefai- TTEM, becaufe counterfeiting,^ 
ture tonfure & loture & au- """ "' J * f 



tre fauxine de la moneie de la 
terre eft le pluis ufee & pluis fe 
habunde de jour en autre qe 
ne foleit a caufe qe le punifte- 
ment dicelles nappertient a af- 



X dipping, wajbing, and other 
folfity of money of the land, is 
much more ufed, and daily doth 
more abound than it was wont, 
for that the tunijbment of the 
fame pertainetb not to any judges 



<run juge du roialme finoun Us of the realm, but to tbe King's 
juftices du Roi devaunt luy juftices before himfelf, orbyfpecial 



inefmes ou devaunt juftices 
par efoecialx commiflions a 
ceo affignez a verraifcmblable 
eieftru&ion de la dite moneie 
linon qe pluis haftive execution 
& remedie foit ordeigne come 
le Roi a le grevous compleint 
des difz communes ad conceu 
mefme noftre feignur le Roi 
voillant ceo remedier fi ad or- 
tieigne & eftablie qe les jufti- 
ces 



commifjions thereto afftgned, and if 
is very likely there win be dejlruc- 
tion oftfy money* unlefs hajly ex- 
ecution and remedy be provided, as 
the King by the grievous complaint 
of the commons bath terceived\ (2) What juttcef 
our faid lord the King, willing foall have au- 
to remedy the fame, hath or- j^^° de 
dained andeftablifhed,That the termine the" 
King's juftices afligned to take offences offal- 
aflifes in all the counties of fifyinsr ofm*. 
England™?- 



4* Anno qtoft* H&fmrcr V, £ *4*& 

England fffatl have power by ces du Roi a* aflifefr prendre 

the King's commiffions to aflignez & affignerz en toutz 

hear and determine, in their let counters dEinglettrre eient 

feffions, as well of the counter- poair par comnuflion le Roi 

feking, and of the bringing of doier & terminer eil lour fefli- 

fuchtatfe money into the realm, ons fibiende contrefaitifre & 

as of clipping, walking, and de laporte de tieux fauxe mo- 

. every other falfity of tne (aid neie en Engleterre come de 

money; (3) and that the juf- tonfure loture &chefcuneau- 

tices of peace through the tre fauxine du dite moneie. Et 

realm fhall have power by {he qe les juftices dela pees parray 

King's commiffions to inquire le roialme eient poair par com- 

of an fuch matters, and there- miffion 1e Roy denquerer de 

upon to make procefsljy^^Mi touts tieux maters & fur ceo 

only againft thofe which before faire procefs par Capias tant- 

jBl. cm them mail be thereof indicted, foulement vers ceux qi devaunt 

eux ferront ent enditez. 

cap. yin. 

Ordinaries Jhall take no more for fronting ofteftumtots t frith 
• their inventories^ than was taken in the time of King £d~ 
VTAKD tbeTbird. 
Eii tdftltift. YTEM, whereas the commons of the realm "have often time* 
ttS^ tC nt» X in *divers parliaments complained of that, that divers ordi- 
wnmt >naries do take .for the probate of a teftament, and other thing? 

pertaining to the offices in this behalf, fpmetime forty (hillings, 
or fifty (hillings, and fometime more, againft right and law, and 
otherwife than was wont to be paid for them, in the time of 
Kitag Edward die Third, that is to fey, two (hillings fix pence, 
or live (hillings at the mod, whereby the teftament of the tefta- 
tor may not be executed, according to the laft will of the fame 
teftator, to the great damage and hinderance of the com- 
mon wealth : the King willing, for the wealth and eafe of hi* 
pepple to avoid fuch oppreffion, and to provide remedy in the 
cafe, hath ordained, That none ordinary fhall take from hence- 
forth, for the probate of any teftament with the inventory, and 
for the other things appertaining to the fame, no more than was 
accuftotoed and ufed in this, part in the time of the (aid King Ed- 
ward the Third, upon pain to yield to him that feeleth him 
grievedtbe treble fo received, if he will fue by the courfe of the 
law, fo that all manner of executors fhall yield their accompts to 
Ed flat i t ' lc on ** nar * cs » wholly of the teftator's goods. And that this or- 
c*. * " finance (land -in his force till the end of the year next coming, 
» 1 H. S. c.5. and moreover till the parliament the fame year next enfuing. 
- ■ - - - — 

Statutes made at Weftminfier y Anno 4 Hen. V. and 
Anno Dom. 1416, 

AT the parliament bolden at AU parlement tenuz a 
Weftminfter tit mnetunth l\ Weftm'lexix. jourdOc- 
day xobf 



1416.3 Armo quarto Henkici 

tobr" la*i du irghe It Roi H*n- 
quint puis k conqueftt 



V. 



quarte mefmc noftre feignur le 
Roy del affent des prelatz dues 
counts & barons & a lies efpe- 
fcWx inftance & Itqirtftedt! 
communes aflcmblez en ceft 
prefent parlement ad fait ordeir 
ne & eftablie certeins eftatutz& 
ordeinanccs en la fourine qen- 
fuit. 



dtpsfO&obtr, ffojfknftbyei* 
if the reign of Xing Henry sbt 
Fifth after the conqutjl j the fame 
tocr lord the King, with the qf- 
ftntrf the prelates, fates, ecth, 
barons, and at tbtfpedal fhjhnci 
and reqtufl of the commons affem- 
bkd in thejame parliament, hath 
caufed toie erJainedande/jahti/k- 
ed certain fiatutes and ordinances* 
in the form as followeth. 



47 



CAP. I. 

A confirmation of*Ufirntirjhtti4tts not repealed. 
*0ftftierement qeja Grande JMRST, Tfhat the Great 



JL Chaitre & la Chartffe dela 
Forefte et toutz autres efta- 
tutz & ordcihances faitz en 
fon temps & es temps de (fes 
nobles progemtours Rdis dEh- 
glettrire & hient repcMcz foi- 
crit fermement tenuz & gar- 
dez eh toutz poifitz. 



Charter, and the Charter on of former 
of the Foreft, and all otherfta- ftatutes not 
tutes and ordinances made in rc P € *l t ^ 
his time, and in the time of his 
ncfblt progenitors Kings of 
England, and not repealed, (hall 
be firmly holden and kept in 
all points. 

CAP. II. 
Sheriffs fhallbavc allowance upon their accompts of thing? 

cfifual. 

Tf £M q fc tautfc ]6s vifcontz TfEM, That all the (he- 4 f n ft. I07 . 
*»_._« _~ t ___ ... „^ .t ji ^ s Q £ England (hall have Sheriffs (ball 

allowance upon their accompts, nave allow- 
by their oaths, of things ca- ancc » .. . 
fad, a. of eftreat. tfiat be-S^ 
not in term nor in demand; of things ca- 
(2) but of all fuch things foal, 
that be or run in yearly ferms #1 
or yearly demands, they (hall 
be charged to the King, as 
the (heriffs have been charg- 
ed in that cafe in times paft. 



JL dEngleterre eie'nt allouance 
fur lour accompts par lour 
ferementes des chofes cafuels 
come des cxtretz qe tie fon- 
nent ne courgent my en fer- 
ine nen demande annuel! tries 
.de toutz ceux chofes qe foft- 
nent ou courgent en tieux 
fermes amxuelx ou demandes 
annuelx foient ils chargez en- 
vers le Roi come les vifcontz 

ces 



>Souml 



ont eftez chargez devant 
heures en le cas, 

CAP. III. 
Nomanfball make fry pattens ofajpe, upon fain of an hun- 
dred Jhtilings. 

IlTEM, That the patenmakers in the fealm of England, from ** edit. Raft 
henceforth (hall make no patens nor clogs of timber called 
afpe, upon pain to pay to the Xing a hundred (hillings, at every 
'time that the faid patenmakers make any patens or clogs of the Patenmakeiv. 
(aid timber. And that every man that will fue for the King, R . 
Khali liavc the one half of the pain fo forfeit, fo that the flewhers £15; " Jac,x# 

through 



Servants 
wages. 



Aimo quarto Henrici V. [1416. 

through the realm (hall fell their arrows at a more eafy and rea* 
fonable price from henceforth than they were wont, 

. CAP. IV. 
Tie penalty affigned by tbeftatute of 12 Rich. II. cap. 4 for 
giving or taking of excejftve wages , Jhall be impofed upon 
the taker only. 

ITEM, whereas in a ftatute made at Canterbury, in the time of 
King Richard the Second, the twelfth year of his reign, cer- 
tain wages was ordained by the year for bailiffs and other fer- 
vants orhufbandry, and alfo for other fervants and labourers, as 
well within cities and boroughs as elfewhere through the realm : 
and that if any give or take by covenant by the year more than is 
fpecified in the faid ftatute, That at the firft time that they be 
thereof attainted, as well the givers as the takers (hall pay the 
excefs fo given, and at the fecond time the double of the excels 
fo given:, and forafmuch as the givers, when they have been 
fworn before the juftices of peace, will in no wife prefent fuch 
exceffes,toefchew their own punifliments, to the great lofsof the 
King, as of his fines and amerciaments for the conceal irg, and 
grievous damage to the lords and other people of the realm, be- 
caufe of the non due punifhment of the defaults of fervants and 
labourers aforefaid a$ the King hath perceived by the complaint 
of his commons : the fame our fovereign lord the King hath 
ordained, That the pain of the giver (half be out in this party, 
and that the pain contained in the faid ftatute (hall run only up- 
on the taker. And that this ordinance hold place and force till* 
the feaft of Saint Michael next coming, and then till the end of two 
years then next enfuing. 

CAP. V. 
How merchant firangers JhaU be ufed, and bofts appointed for 

them. 



A confirma- 
tion of tbefta- 
tute of 5H.4.. 
c. 7 6c 9. con- 
cerning the 
ufing of mer- 
chants ftrang- 
crt. 



ITEM, whereas in a ftatute 
made in the time of King 
Henry the Fourth after the con- 
fue/l, the fifth year of his reign, 
tt was ordained ana Jlahltjhed, 
That all the merclxmts aliens, of 
what eftate or condition they be, 
coming, abiding, or reftdent with- 
in the realm of England, Jbould 
-be entreated and demeaned within 
the fame realm in the fame form, 
tnanner, and condition, as the 
merchants denizens be or Jhall be 
entreated or demeaned in the parts 
beyond the fea, and in no other 
manner, upon pain to forfeit to 
fie Jung all the goods and chattels 
of the faid merchants aliens. ( 2 ) 

And 



ITEM come en un eftatut 
fait en le temps del Roy 
Henry quarte puis le conqueft 
Ian de fon regne quint ordeine 
fuit & eftablie qe toutz les mer- 
chantz aliens de quell eftat ou 
condition qils foient venantz 
demorantz ou repairantz deinz 
le roialme dEngleterre foient 
traitez & demefnez deinz mef- 
me le roialme en manere four- 
me & condition come les mer- 
chantz deinfzeins font ou fer- 
ront traitez ou demefnez t% 
parties de par dela & en null 
autre manere fur peine de for* 
faire a Roi toutz les biens & 
chateux des ditz merchantz a- 
liens 



1416.] Anno quarto Henrici V. 

liens & fur peine demprifone- And alfo it was ordained andjia- 



49 



ment des corps de mefmes les 
m-rchantz aliens. Etenfement 
ordcine fuit & eftablie en temps 
du dit nadgairs Roi Henry cn- 
trc a litres chofes par eftatut 

3 en chefcun citee ville & port 
u meer dEngleterre ou les 
ditz merchantz aliens & eftran- 
fees font ou ferront repairantz 
foient alTignez a mefmes les 
merchantz fufficeantz he Hies 

|>ar les mairs vifcontz ou bail- 
ives des ditz villes & ports du 
tneer & qe les ditz merchantz 
aliens & eftranges ne foient de- 
murantz en autre lieu finon 
ovefqe les ditz hollies enfi a 
aflfignerz & qe mefmes les ho- 
llies enfi a affignerz preignent 
pur lour travaill en manere qe 
fuit accuftumez en auncien 
temps. £t pur tant qe noftre 
fcignur le Roi ad entendu qe 
mefmes les. eftatutz nont efte 
tnifez en execution Si voet & 
grante mefme noftre feignur le 
Roi treiTovcrain qe ycelles efta- 
tutz foient firmement tenuz & 



Mi/bed in the time of the fata late 
King Henry, amongfi other things * 
by jlatute^ That in every city, 
town, and port ofthefea ^"Eng- 
land, where the /aid merchants 
aliens of Jir angers be, or /ball b$ 
repairing, fufficient ho/Is /ball be 
ajfigned to the fame merchants by 
the mayors* Jberiffs, or bailiffs of 
the /aid cities, towns ', and ports of 
the faa\ (3) and that the mer- 
chants aliens andftrangers /halt 
not remain in other places* but 
with the /aid hofts fa to be ajfign- 
ed \ and that the fame ho/Is fa to 
be ajfigned fhall take /or their la- 
bour in the fame manner as was 
accuftsmed of old time : (4) and 
for that our lord the King hath 
perceived that the fame ftatute9 
have not been put in due exe- 
cution, he willeth and grant- 
eth, That the fame ftatutes 
(hall be firmly holden and kept 
in all points, and put in .due 
execution from henceforth ac 
cording to the purport of the 
fame. 



gardez en toutz points & mys 

en due execution de ceo enavaunt folortc la cofttenU en ycelles. 

CAP. VI. 
Penalty on Irifti prelates /or collating an Irifhman to a 
benefice in England, or bringing an Irifhman to parlia* 
ment to di/cover the coun/el of Englifhmen to rebels. 

ITEM, whereas it was ordained in the time of the King's fix edit.ftftft. 
noble progenitors* by a ftatute made of the land of Ire/and, Ireland. 
That none of the Irsjb nation fhould be chofen by election to Into nation. 
in archbifhop, biftiop, abbot or prior, nor in none other man- 
ner received nor accepted to any dignity or benefice within the Promotion. 
laid land \ and now of late many fuch Jrijb people, by force of Collation. 
certain letters of licence to them made by the King's lieutenants Lieutenant in 
there, to accept and receive fuch dignities and benefices, be Ireland. 
promoted and advanced to archbiftiops and bifhops within the 
(aid land, which alfo make their collations to Irijh clerks of the 
dignities and benefices there, againft the form and effect of the 
. faid ftatute : and whereas they be faid peers of the parliament in 
the fame land, they bring with them to the parliaments and 
councils holden there, Irtjh fervants, whereby the privities of 
the jSnglifamen within the lame land have been and be daily dif- 
Vol.III, £ covered 



1 

5 o Anno quarto HeMRICi V. t*4*6. 

covered to the Irijb people, rebels to the King, to the great 
peril and mifchief of the King's lawful liege people in the laftie 
land : our fovereign lord the fcng that now is, defiling for the 
fame to provide remedy, for the furety of his faithful futaeds, by 
the aflent of the lords aforcfeid, and' at the requeft of the fiud 
commons, will and granteth, That the faid ftatute (hall ftand'in 
his whole force, and well and duly be kept and fully executed 
upon his grievous indignation. And moreover he hath ordained 
•and ftablilhed, by the aflent and requeft aforefaid, That if any 
fuch archbilhops, bifhops, abbots, or priors, of the Irijb nation, 
rebels to the King, have in times paft made, or from henceforth 
(hall make any collations or prefentments to benefices of holy 
church in the faid land of Inland, againft the form of the fame 
ftatute, or bring with them any Irifl rebels amongft the EngHfi- 
men, to the parliaments, councils, or other aflemblics, witnin 
the fame land, to know the privities and ftates of die hidEng- 
lijbmen y and the fame to difcover to the (aid rebels, that thfen 
maintenant from time to time, all their temporalties (hall be 
feifed into the King's hands, there to remain till they have 
made fines to the King in this part. And alio that all tne lieu- 
tenants of the King and of his heirs in the faid land o£ Ireland* 
be utterly defended and reftrained from henceforth, to have thy 
manner of power to give or to grant any fuch benefices or par- 
dons in the cafe of Irtjb perfons, not EngBJb. And that all lueh 
licences not executed, made and granted by the King's lieute- 
nants in the fame land before this time, and alfo to be granted 
by them hereafter, (hall be void and of no force nor value. 

CAP. VII. 
In what cafes letters of marque may be granted. 

» H.5. c. 6. TTEM, becaufe our fovereign TTEM pur ceo qe le Roi no- 

o X lord the King hath heard and X (Ire foverain feignur ad oiex 

conceived^ at the grievous complaint & concieu a la grievous coip- 

ofthe commons of his realm in this pleintfde la comminalte de fon 

'parliament, for that in rejbeft of roialme en ceft prefent porie- 

a ftatute made at bis parliament mentde ceo qe par caufe dun 

holden at Leicefter the laft day of eftatuit fait en ion pariement 

April, the feeond year of his reign 9 tenuz a Leyceftre le darrein 

. in which ftatute is contained^ ttat jour d Averill Ian de fon regne 

the breaking of truce and offafe feconde en quel eftatut il eft 

condufiS) and willing receity abet- contenuz qe les romperies dts 

menty procurement 9 counfel, bir- trieues&faufcOnduitz&voluh- 

ing 9 fujlaining, and maintaining tries receit abettement pro- 

if breakers of truce, and of the curement confeil lower fufte- 

Jafe condufts of the King our lord, nance & maintenance des rora- 

to be made by bis liege people from pours de trieues & faufconduitz 

henceforth within the realm of du Roi noftre foverain feignur 

England and Ireland, and the par fcs lieges affaires delors en- 

eountry of Wales, upon the main avantdedeinzlesroialmesdEn- 

feayjbatl be judged and determined gleterre & Irland ic la paiis de 

for high treafon done againft the Gales & fur le haut meer fai- 
crown txA 



>0 • 

juggcz & tehnmez pur 
raifon fait encontre la co- 
te dignite du Roi a caufe 
ell tftatut combien qe les 
% du Roi foicnt grevez 
nitre les trieues ils noo- 
by purvoier s de remedie 
Die de fait purtant les en- 
sdu'Roy noftre foverain 
ur fibien es parties depar 
a meer come en roidume 
ce en ont pris graunde 
: de gf ever les fbialx lieges 
>y en tuant afcuns de cux 
unr en priegnaunt prifo- 
5c auxi en priegnint lotfr 
& chateux encountrt le 
t des trieues fibten fur le 
tneer come en les mar- 
lEfcoce defuifdit dont le 
rcomminalte humblement 
iplie noftre dit feighur le 
c remede voilhnt le Roi 
: dh feignur en ceo cAs & 
: toutditz purvoier a lin- 
Aitee de fes lieges & fbi- 
ibgitz ad declares en ceft 
if parlement qe de toutz 

Eatz faitz par fes enn*< 
r~ afcuns de fes fbialx 
encountre le tenure dau- 
trieuvesdevant ces heu- 
rifes en les quelles neft 
ait exprefle mention qe 
marques reprifailles ceffe- 
cneftne noftre feignur le 
l toutz qi lour fentrrorit 
I cas grevez voet graun- 
wrque en due forme & 
lenient ferra noftre dit 
ir le Roi a toutz fes lieges 
entiront grevez encontre 
itfre daucuns trieuves qe 
r luy & aucuns fes ene- 
erront de novel prifez en 
: avenir. Et a la greindre 
lation de fes ditz fbialx 
fed fyn qils purront pluis 
ment tc fanz longes de- 
ivoir remede eri ceo cas 
cnefmc noftre 'feignur* le 
Roi 



Anno qtiarto Henrici V. -51 

crown and the King's dignity; 
' (2) by reafon of which Jlatute, 
though the Kings fubjefis be fo 
much grieved againft the truce* 
' that they dare not provide remedy 
by way ofa£t r for that the Kings 
enemies^ as well in the parts be- s 

yond the Tea j as in the realm bf 
Scotland, have hereof taken great 
courage to grieve the King's faith* 
fid liege people, in faying fome hf 
them, and in taking feme of them 
prifonersj and alfe taking their 
goods and chattels j againft the te+ 
nor of the truce ^ as well upon the 
mainfea, as upon the marches of 
- Scotland, whereof the Jaid com- 
mons have humbly befeeched our 
faid fovereign lord the King to 
provide remedy \ (3) the King Letters of 
willing, as well in this cafe as marque (hall 
in other, to take order for the * tfjf^j to 
indemnity of his liege people Kings fub- 
and faithful fubje&s, hath de- jefts with 
clared in this prefent parlia- whom^truce 
ment, That of aH 
made by his enemies upon any ' 
of his faithful liege people, a- 
gainft the tenor of any truce 
taken before this time, wherein, 
is no exprefs ir.ention made, 
that all marques and reprifals 
(hall ceafe, the fame our fove- 
reign lord the King will grant 
marque in due form to all them 
that feel themfelves in this cafe 
grieved, (4) and our faid lord 
the King will do the like to all 
his liege people that feel them 
grieved againft the tenor of any 
truce, which betwixt him and 
any of his endmies (hall be 
newly taken hereafter. (5) And The manner 
to the greater comfort of his . how to obtain 
faithful liege people, to the in- Jj" f 
tent that they may the more 
readily, and without long de- 
lay, have remedy in this cafe, 
the fame our lord the King 
will, That if he or they that 
feel them grieved againft the 
• £2 tenor 



tempts ^-^P- 



52 Anno quarto HenSici V. [141& 

tenor and form of fuch truce Roi qe cellui ou ceux qi fe fcn- 



within the realm of England, 
' out of the faid marches of Scot- 
land, or upon the fea, or in the 
parties beyond the fea, (hall 
complain to the keeper of the 
privy feal, which for the time 
(hall be, who after fuch com- 
plaint heard and perceived, 
thereof (hall make to the party 
complainant (if he the fame 
require) letters of requeft under 
. the privy feal in a due form. 
And if, alter fuch requeft made, 
f he party required do not make, 
• within a convenient time,, due 
reftitution or fatisfadtion to the 
party grieved, then the chan- 
cellor of England for the time 
being (hall caufe to be made to 
fach party grieved (if he that 
demand) letters of marque un- 
der the great feal in a due 
Letters of form. (6) And as for remedy 
marque where f be ordained for the King's 
SsiotlS; He^e People and fubjeas, that 
©rri*i«arches feeI thcm grieved in the realm 
thereof. of Scotland, or in England at the 

Repealed by marches joining to Scotland, 

t J ac, V c,,,fi> agaiiift the form of fuch truce 
tar as it con- & -r _ . r . . , , .• 

cents the peo- » ™*f ls >l ,d » our Iord the 
pie of Scot- King inall give power by com- 
land. miflion to the wardens, as well 

of the Eaft marches, as of the 
Weft marches* toward Scotland, 
and to every of them, to hear 
the complaints of all them his 
liege people and fubje&s which 
be or (hall be grieved,, and to 
caufe thereupon to be made re- 
queft by letters to be delivered 
to him which hath done,, or 
{hall do, fuch grievance, or to 
the wardens of the marches, or 
conferyator of the truce of the 
parties of Scotland, if he may 



tira ou fentiront grevez en- 
countre le teneur & fourme de 
tielles trieuves dedeins le roi- 
alme dEngleterre hors de les 
fuitditz marches dEfcoce ou fur 
le meer ou es parties pardela 
foy compleindra ou con^plein- 
dront au gardein du priye feal 
qi pur le temps ferra qi tie! 
compleint oiee & entendue ent 
ferra pur la partie compleig~ 
nante lettres de requeft foutz 
le prive feal en due fourme. Et 
fi apres del requeft faite la par- 
tie requife ne ferra dedeinz 
temps covenatJeduereftitution- 
ou iatisfaftion a la partie gre- 
vee adonqes le chaunceller 
dEngleterre pur le temps efte- 
ant terra faire a tiele partie gnv 
vee fi le voet demander lettres 
de marque defoutz le grande 
feal en due fourme. Et qant 2 

[mrveance de remede pur les- 
ieges & fubgiz du Roi qi fe 
fentont ou fentiront grevez en 
dit roiaume dEfcoce ouenEn- 
gleterre es marches adjoignantz 
au dit roiaume dEfcoce countre 
la forme de tielles trieuves 
come defluis le Roy noftre fei- 

fnur dourra poair par commif- 
on as gardeins fibien de lEft 
marche come de la Weft mar- 
che vers Efcoce & a chefcun de 
eux pur oier les compleints de 
toutz yceux de fes lieges & 
fubgiz qi eafi font ou (erront 
grevez & pur faire fur ceo eftre 
Site requeft par lettres a bailler 
a cellui qi ad ou avera fait la. 
grevancex ou a gardein de la* 
marche 6u confervatour de les 
trieves pur la partie dEfcoce fi 
fe purra bonement faire ou au- 



well do it ; or otherwife to * trement de faire proclamation 
make proclamation in open en lieux publiks fur la marche 



. places upon the marches, . that 

ne,. r pr they which have done 

. filch grievances againft the 

truce 



qe cellui ou ceux qi avera ou 

averonpfait dels grevancea en- 

countre les trieuves eat face ou 

facent* 



t4*6.] Anno quarto Henrici V. 53 

faccnt due reftitution ou fatis- truce, (hall make due reftitu- 

fadtion a la partie grevee & fits tion or fatisfa&ion to the party 

nelefacent point dedeins temps grieved ; (7) and if they do it 

covenable adonqes al inftance not within a convenient time, 

de chefcun des lieges & fubgiz then at the inftance of every of 

do Roi noftre feignur qi en the King's liege people and 

feme ou en fenora eftre gre- fubjedts, which thereof feeleth, 

vecz en tiel cas pur y douner or (hall feel himfelf grieved in 

fotrcs de marque en oue four- fijeh cafe, letters of marque be 

yne defoutz les fealx des djtz given in .due form under the 

gardeins ou defoutz le feaj de teals of the faid wardens, or 

cellui de eux a qi la compleinte under his feal to whom the 

ferra faite en ceo cas fanz flif- complaint fhail he made in 

ficulte aucune. this cafe, without any diflSL- 

culty. 

CAP. VIII. 

tie Kings pardon of tbefuit of ins peace, and of certain 

iffues loft. 

ITEM, our faid fovereign lord the King, for his foecial grace, Ex edit. Rat. 
by the aflent of the lords fpiritual and temporal, and at the Pankm. 
requeft of the commpns, being in this parliament ; hath re- 
leafed and pardoned to all his liege people, and to every of 
them, all manner of fines, iffues, and amerciaments, and all 
other forfeitures, pains-, pecuniar debts and demands, to the 
fum of twenty-fix (hillings eight pence and under, till the xix, 
^fay of Oflober y which was the firft day of this parliament, 
fallen, determined, or to be determined. Alfo he hath pardoned 
all manner of fines and amerciaments of, and for all manner of 
tfefpafies, offences, mifprifions, contempts, confpiracies, con- 
federacies, negligences, ignorances, concealments, and deceits, 
done or perpetrate before the faid nineteenth day, for which any 
fine or amerciament is or (hall be aflefled in time to come to 
the faid fum and under. And alfo chattels of fugitives and 
felons, waifes and ftravs, and the chattels of thofe that be outr 
lawed, and chattels of felons of themfelves, which to the King 
pertaineth, or which for any of the (aid caufes in any manner 
may pertain before the faid xix. day, to the fum aforefaid and 
underneath forfeit, and of pujtlawries, if any in the King's liege 
people, or any of them by fuch enchefon be pronounced. Pro- 
vided always that none enjoy the benefit of this pardon, which 
is or (hall be charged, or chargeable over the faid fum, for the 
caufes afbrefeid, or any of them. And moreover, our faid fo- 
vereign lord t)ie King of his fpecial grace, hath releafed and 
pardoned to his faid (ubje&s, the fuit of his peace, which to 
him againft them pertaineth, becaufe of any treafon done or 
perpetrate by them or any of them before the faid xix. day of 
O&eter, for breaking; of the King's trace and fafe conduits. 
And alfo the outlawries, if any againft them or any of them be 
pronounced by fuch fcnehefons. And alfo the King will, That 
fvpry of his faid liege people, as well of the county palatine of 

E3 L<m*$* % 



tx edit. Raft 

AttQfTM^. 



5^ a Anno feptimo Henri €i V. [1419* . 

Lancafler* or elfcwhere within the realm of England* (hall enjoy 
this pardon without fuing charter or writ in this behalf. 

A ftatute made at Weftminfter, Anno 5 HEN. V: 
and Anno Dom * 1417* 

jOlperfons until the next parliament may make their attormei ■ 
in wapentakes * hundreds and court barons. 

HEnry King, &c. to the (heriff of York/hire greeting. Know 
thou that in our parliament laft holden at WefiminfUr* it , 
was ordained and granted, That all our liege people, as well xp?. 
ligious as fecular, and every of .them, might till the next parlia* 
inent make their attornies, where attonucs do lie in their pro- 
per perfons, in any plea of debt, trefpafs, or other contract, 
moved, or to be moved m any yrapentakesf . hundreds,, and 
court barons through the realm, before the ftewards there, or 
their deputies, to win or to lofe the fame pjeas. And if any fuck- 
ftewards refufe to admit fuch attornies, than they and every of 
them at every time of fuch refufal, (hall forfeit to Us forty 
(hillings. And therefore We command thee,' That, thou dq 
fhe (aid ordinance in all places of thy county, where (hall be, 
mod expedient and nepefiary, openly to be proclaimed and ,0b-. 
ferved, according to the form and cffe& of the fame : witnefrr 

jH.^.JUt.ft. Jdn duke pf Bedford* protecftor ot England* at Weflndnfier tho. 

c,i! xvi day of January \ the fifth ypar of our reign. 



A ftatute made at Weftminfttr* Anno 7Hen.V ? . 
and Anno Dom. 1419. 

A remedy againfi tbofe that indict others of felony committed 
in a place where there is none fuch. Procefs againfi 
makers, &c. of falfe deeds. 

HENRY King of England* TTENRICUS dei gratia R« 

&c. to bis chancellor in the JLl Anglie & Francie & do-. 

county palatine of Lancafter, minus Hibemie cancellario fix* 

greeting. Knew ye* That foraf- comitatus palatini Lancaftri* 

much as divers men of malice and falutem. Sciatis quod.pio e& 

envy* and for gain and revenge* quod gentes nonnulle ex mali« 

have often caufed to be indiBed tia & inimicitia ac propter h* 

and appealed divers of our true crum & vindidtam diver fovfi- 

liege people* oftrtafons or felonies dele9 ligeos noftros de prodid- 

in the county of Lancafter, pre- onibus five fdoniis in comitati} 

tending by tbofe appeals and indtfl- Lancaftrie frequentius indidan 

ments* that the faid treafons or & appellaf i fecerunt pretendeo-* 

felonies were committed in a cer- tes per appella feu iodiftimcotf 

tain ilia 



h] 



Annofcptimo Henrici V. 



5S 



piod predicle proditiones 
clonie perpetrate fuerunt 
rto loco uhi de vferitate ta- 
cus in comiutu predkfto 
k> appclluin vel mdida- 
um return exiftit non ha- 
ad grave dampnum & 
ilum ligeorum noftrorum 
modi confiderato quod 
m fie appellati & indi&ati 
l iuftiaar* ad refpondend' 
ob metum verberationis 
mil feu interfe&ionis co- 
Hi per ipforum appello- 
feii indi&amentorum con* 
ores aut ea fieri procu- 
lin propriis perfonis com- 
b non audent prout per 
ranitatem regni noftri 
ie in ultimo parliamento 
) apud Weftrn' tento ex- 
em per petitionem fuam 
riiamento illo exhibitam 
: graviter conquerendo 
tattum ordinatum extitit 
dem parliamento de af- 
prtlatorum procerum & 
atura dicSi regni noftri 
e ibidem cxiftentium ad 
itioftem did* communi- 
pocommuoi militate & 
r poouU quftem re^ni 
. quod qutlibejt juftitianus 
id hujufmodi proditioncs 
nias infra comitatum pre* 
d audiendum & tcrmi- 
un poteftatem habet p#r 
nentum duodecim viro- 
{iiorum quilibct liberuro 
lentum in prediAo comi- 
'aloris annui centum folk 
n ultra reprifas optineat 
[uam exigenda adjudicata 
abfque partis allegation* 
in partis abfentig cpiam 
itia inquirat ex officio y- 
aliquis talis locus eft in 
am ubi appella feu ii>- 
oenta ilia funt fadta five 
da necne. Et fi'comper- 
ucrit quod talis locus non , 
habe- 



tain place, where of truth no fitch 
place is had in the hid county 
where the /aid appeal and'indift- 
ment is made* to the great damage 
and peril of fuch out liege people, 
confidering that fome fo appealed 
and indified dare not appear before 
thejuftices in their proper perjons, 
to anfwer thereof for fear of 
beating, maiming* or Ming of 
them j by the confpirators or pro- 
curers if the fame appeals and in- 
diftments, as by the commons of 
the realm ^England, in our lajt 
parliament holden at Weftmin- 
ftcr, by their petition there exhi- 
bited, grievoujfy complaining, was 
Jbewea: (2) it is ordained in 
the fame parliament, by the 
aflent of the prelates and great 
men of the fame realm there 
being, at the requeft of the faid 
commons, for the common 
profit and quietnefs of the peo- 
ple of the fame realm, That 
every juftice which hath power 
to hear and determine fuch trea- 
fons and felonies within the 
faid county, by the oath of 
twelve men (of whom every 
one (hall have freehold in the 
fame county to the yearly va- 
lue of an hundred millings a- 
bove all charges) before that 
the exigent be awarded, with- 
out allegation of the party, as 
well in the party's abfence as 
hi? prefence, fhall inquire of 
office, whether any fuch place 
be in the county where fuch 
appeal* or indictments be made, 
or to be made, or not ; (3) and 
if it be found that there is no 
fuch place within the fame 
county, then fuch appeals and 
indictments, and the procefs 
thereupon made,pr to be made, 
(hall be void, and hplden for 
none ; and that in fuch cafe 
the indicators aforefaid be pu- 
nched, by iiuprifomnent, fine, 
.. E4 wid 



9 H. 5. ftat.i. 

C.I. 

r8 H.6.C.IS. 
A remedy a- 
gainft thofe 
that do indift 
or appeal o- 
thers of trea- 
son or felony 
committed in 
a place within 
the county of 
Lancafter, 
whereas there 
is no fuch 
place. 



56 



Anno fepdmo Henrici V." 



[1419* 



The like pro- 
cefc fliall be 
awarded a- 
gaintt him 
Chat maketh 
and miblifli- 
etht alfe deeds 
by Capiat and 
Exigent, as in 
writs of tref- 
pafs. 
Hep.5Elc.14. 



and ranfom by the difcretion of 
the faid iuftices. (5) And that 
this prefent ordinance and re- 
medy extend as well to appeals 
and indi&ments not deter- 
mined before this time, as to 
appeals and indictments to be 
taken hereafter ; (6) and if any 
exigent from henceforth be a- 
warded, before thai fuch inqui- 
fition of office, as afore is faid, 
be taken, that the fame exi- 
gent, and the awarding thereof, 
be likewife void and holden 
for none. Continued by o Hen. 5. 
c. 1. made perpetual 18 Hen. 6. 
c. 12. 

II. Provided that this pre- 
fent ordinance have flrength, 
and extend only until the next 
parliament. (2) And alfo know 
ye, That in the faid parliament, 
of the affent and requeft afore- 
faid, it was ordained and efta- 
blifhed, That in writs to be 
purchased againft thofe that 
forge or make untrue charters 
or miniments, and them pro- 
claim, or caufe to be read, like 
procefs (hall be made by Capias 
and exigent, as in writs of tref- 
pafs. (3) And therefore we 
command you, firmly enjoin- 
ing, That immediately after 
the fight hereof, you caufe this 
ftatute and ordinance openly to 
be proclaimed in the places 
within the lame county where 
(hall be mod expedient and ne- 
ceflary, as well within liberties 
as without ; (4) and that alfo 
you caufe all and fingular our 
juftices, having power to hear 
and determine felonies and 
treafons within the faid county, 
fully to be inftruded, and with- 
out delay to be certified of the 
faid ordinance and ftatute by 
your letters, containing the tt- 
pour of the fame. Witnefs, far*, 
the fixteenth day of December** 

the 



habetur infra eundetn comita* 
turn tunc appella & indi&a- 
menta ipfa & proceflus inde 
fa&us feu faciendus fint vacua 
& pro nullis habeantur et quod 
in cafu illo indi&atores predi&i 
per imprifonamentum finem & 
redemptionem perdifcretionem 
juftitiariorum prcdi&orum pu- 
niantur. Et quod prefens or- 
dinatio & remedium tarn ad 
appella & indidtamenta non de- 
terminata ante hec tempora 
capta quam ad appella & in- 
di^amenta in futurum capien- 
da fe extendant & fi que exi- 
genda antequam hujufmodi in- 
quifitio ex officio ut fupradic- 
tum eft capiatur decetero fuerit 
adjudicata quod tunc exigenda 
et adjudicatio ille fimiliter lint 
vacue & pro nullis habeantur. 
Provifo quod prefens ordi- 
natio vigprem habeat & fe ex-r 
tendat ufque ad parliamen- 
tum proximo futurum dun^ 
taxat. Et ulterius fciatis quod 
in parliamento predi&o de af- 
fenfu & requifitione predi&is 
ordinatum fiierat & ftatutum 
quod in brevibus verfiis eos qui 
fabricant feu faciunt cartas five 
munimenta minus vera & ea 
proclamant & legi faciunt per- 
quirendis fiat procerus confi- 
milis per Capias & exigendam 
ut in brevibus de tranfgreflione. 
Et ideo vobis mandamus finni- 
ter injungentes quod ftatim vi- 
fis prefentibus ordinationem & 
ftatutum predi&a in locis infra 
com itatum ilium ubi magis ex- 
pedlens fuerit & necefle tarn 
infra libertates quam extra pub- 
lice proclamari demandetis nec- 
non omnes & fingulos juftitia- 
rios noftros poteftatem audien-» 
di & terminandi felonias & pro- 
ditiones infra comitatum pre- 
dk5him habentes de didis ordi- 
natione & ftatuto per literal 
veftraa 



1420.] Anno o&avo 

the feventh year of our reign. 
(5) And by petition in the par- 
liament holden at fVeJlminfter 
the fecond day of December* the 
eighth year of the fame King, 
a like writ was made ; Caving 
that the Tefle of the fame writ 
was, Witnefs Humfrey duke of 
Gloucefter* protedor of England* 
at Wejiminfter* the tenth day of 
January* the eighth year, &c. 



Henrici V. 

veftras tenorem eorundem con- 
tinents plenarie inftrui & cer- 
titicari faciatis indilate. Tefte 
* Jobanne duce Bed for die cuftode 
Anglie apud Wcftm' x. die £>/- 
cembr* anno regni noftri feptimo 9 

• Humfrido duce Glouceftrie cuf- 
tode Anglie, &c. dccimo die Tanua- 
ru anno oQavo, &c. — Nova ftatuta* 



S3 



REX vicecomitibus London' falujtera. Sciatis quod pro eo quod gen*, 
tcs &c. ut fupra ufque — ut in brcvibut de tranigretiione. £t tunc fie 1 
Et ideo vobis prccipimus firmiter injungentct auod £c. ut fupra ufque ibi 
t- & necefle ct tunc fie— publice proclametis feu proclamari faciatis, 
Tefte ut fupra. 

Confimilia brevia diriguntur fingulis vicecomitibus per Angliam. 



A ftatutc made at Wefiminfter* Anno 8HEN.V. 
and Anno Dom. 1420. 



AU parlement tenuz a 
Weftm* le fecond jour 
de Decembr' Ian du reigne le 
Rpy Henry quint puis le con- 
qucft oeptifme mefine noftre 
feignur le Roy del aflent des 
feignurs efpirituelx & tempo- 
rebc & a les efpeciale inftance 
it requeft des communes af- 
femblez a ceo mefme parlement 
4ft ordciner & eftablir certeins 
eftatutz & ordinances en la 
fburme qenfuit, 

CA 



AT the parliament holden at 
Wdhninfter the fecond 
day of December, the eighth 
year of the reign of King Henry 
the Fifths the fame 'our lord the 
King* by the ajfent of the lords 
fpirituatand temporal* and at the 
fpecial inftance and requeft of the 
commons ajfembled in the fame par- 
liament* bath caufed to be ordained 
and eftabli/bed certain ftatutes and 
ordinances* in the form following. 

P. I. 



Parliament writs being awarded in the name of the King's 
lieutenant* fhall not be flayed by the Kings return into 
England* 

FIRST, foraimuch as by the grace of God a final peace was 
late taken betwixt the King our fovereign lord* and the 
King of France his father in fuch form, That our faid fovereign 
lord the King (hall be named heir and regent of the realm of 
France* during the life of his faid father, and (hall have the go- 
vernance of the fame. And after the death of his father, the laid 
realm and crown of France (hall remain to our fovereign lord the 
King, and to his heirs for ever. It is very likely, That for the Parliament* 
good governance as well of the realm of France as of this realm 

of 



*« 



Wool*. 

Bullion. 
Tin. 



Anno o&ara Hekrici V; [ 1 420- 

of England, our faid fovereign lord /the King feme time (hall be 
on this fide the fea, and fame time beyond the fea, according as ; 
beft (hall feem to his fage difcretion for the better governance of 
the one realm and the other : therefore it is ordained and efta- 
blUhed, That if in tim$ to come our faid fovereign lord the. 
King, being beyond <the iea> caufe to fummon his parliament in 
this realm by his writs underthe (tefte) of his lieutenant, which 
qqw is or which for the time (hall be, and after the fummons 
of fuch parliaments gone out of. the chancery, our fovereign 
lord the King arrive in this realm, that for fuch arrival of the 
fame our fovereign lord, fuch parliament (ball not be dtfolved* 
but in the fame afterward our fovereign lord the King (hall pro- 
ceed without new fummons of the fame. 

CAP. II. 

Certain gold or jilver Jhall be brought to the mint infyad *£ 
wool or, tin transported. 

ITEM, it is ordained and eftablifhed, That every merchant 
ftranger buying wools in England to bring them to the weft" 
parts or elfewhere, not coming to the ftaple, there to be fold, 
(hall bring to the matter of the mint of the tower of London of. 
every fack, one ounce of bullion of gold, and in the fame manner 
of three pieces of tin, one ounce of bullion of gold, or the value 
in bullion of filver, upon pain of forfeiture of the fame wools 
and tin, or thp value of the fajxie to the King. 

CAP. III. 
JVbat tbfngs only mty ho gilded* and what laid on with 

Jilver. 



"What things 
•oly may be 
gilded, and 
what laid on 
with filver. 



$M*.CA%. 



ITEM, That none from 
henceforth (hall gild any 
(heaths, nor metal, but filver, 
and the ornaments of holy, 
church ; (2) nor (ball filver 
no metal but knights fpurs, 
and all the apparel that per- 
taineth to a baron, and above 
tjiat eftate* upon pain of for? 
feiture to the King ten times 
as much as the thing fo gilt is 
of value, and (hall have alfo 
one year's imprifonment. (3) 
And the juftices of peace (hall 
have power to inquire thereof, 
and that to determine. (4) And 
he that will fue for the King in 
this behalf, (hall have the third 
jpart of the faid pecuniary pain. 
IL Provided, That this laft 
ordinance (hall begin to hold 



ITEM qe nulle perfone e- 
norre en temps avenir af- 
cuns c}ez gemes appelles (he- 
thes ne metaille finon argent & 
Its ornaments de feint efrltft 
ne argente null metallic (bripri* 
les efperoi>s d?s chivalers ic 
tout lapparaille qe appertient 
au baron Sc defuU celle eftate 
fur peine de forfaire au Roy dys 
foitz a tant come la chofc iflint 
enorree (bit de value & ayera 
auxi lemprifonement duq axu 
Et eient juftices de la pees po- 
air dent enouerrer ic ceo ter- 
miner et celuy qi ferra }a fuit 
pur le Roy cefte partie ait la 
terce partie de la dit peine pe- 
cunierou 

Purveu qe ceft darrain or- 
dinance comencera a tenir lieu 



HM*] 



Anno-nono- Henrici V; 



5* 



a lc feft dc Paflc profchein ave- place at the feaft of Eajler pprt „ 

nir. coming. ftt^-Cij. 



nir. 



Satutes made at Weftminjttr, Anno 9 Hen. V. , 
flat. 1. and Anno Dom. 1421. 



AU parlement tcnuz a 
Weftm* le feconde jour 
de Maii Ian du reigne del Roy 
Henry quint puis le conqueft 
noevefme mefme noftre feignur 
IcRoy del aflent des feignur* 
efpirituelx & temporelx & a les 
efpeciale inftance & requeft des 
communes aflemblez a ceo 
mefme parlement fift ordeiner 
& eftablir certeins eftatutz & 
ordinances en la fourme qen- ftatute* and ordinances in the form 
fuift. following. 

CAP. L 

A continuance of the Jiatutc of 7 Hen. 5. touching indiQ- 

ments. 



AT the parliament holden. at . 
Weftminfter thefecondday 
of May, the ninth year of the 
reign of King Henry the Fifth 
after the conqueft ; the fame our 
ford the King) by the affent of the 
lords fpiritual and temporal, and 
at the fpecial inftance and requeft 
of the commons, affemhled in the 
fame parliament, hath caufedto be. 
ordained and eflablilbea certain 



EN primes pur ceo qe plu- 
fcurs gents 



FIRST, That the ftatute 7 H-s-ci. 
made in the parliament 
holden at fVeftnunfter in the 
feventh year of the reign of 
our faid lord the King, touch- 
ing appeals and indictments, 
ftand in his force, and hold 
place, till the next parliament 
to be holden after the King's Mide perpe- 
retum from beyond the fea into tua * by iSH,6. 
England. «* 



par malice 
eaemite & vengeance facent 
fovent foitz bs foialx lieges du 
ftoyeftre appellez ou enditez 
en diverfes countcs des traifons 
ou de felonies fuppofant par les 
dltE appelles ou enditements qe 
les ditz'traifons & felonies fu- 
rent faitz en un certein lieu la 
00 U nad tiel lieu en cell coun- 
toe ou lenditcment eft fait ne 
tie! lieu come eft ou ferra jdpclaree par les ditz appelles ordeines 
eft qe les ditz appelles & enditementz & le proces dicelles foient 
voioez& tenuz pur null et qe les ditz appelles ou enditez poient 
avoir brieves de confpiracie vers lour enditours procurours & 
confpiratours & recoverer lour damages & qc les ditz enditours 
procurours & confpiratours foient auxipuniz par emprifonement 
fyn & raunceon pur avantage du Roy'pardifcretion dez juftices. 
Et qp ceft ordinance' & remedie fextendent auxibien des appelles 
& enditementz pri&z devaunt ces heurs en temps noftre feignur 
le Roy quoreft nient determmez come des appelles ou endite- 
ments aprendrera ea temps avenir et qe ceft ordinance eftoife en 
£1 force tanqe a profchein parlement a tenir puis la revenu noftre 
die feignur \t Roy en Engleterre de pardcla. 

\* A x» 



6» 



Anno nono Henrici V. 



['4«." 



County of 
Lancaster. 
4. loft. >i. 



County of 
Cbefter. 

tH.4-C.tS. 
1SH.6.C.13. 
so H.6.C.*. 
33H.6.C.3. 



Afifet. 

Prote&jop, 

Judgement* 



CAP. II. 

No per/on outlawed in the county of Lancafter Jhall forfeit 
any lands or goods but fucb as he bath in the fame county. 

ITEM, it is ordained, That none of the King's liege people, 
againft whom an Exigent (hall be awarded, or outlawed at 
the King's fuit from henceforth, or at the fuit of the party in 
the county of Lancqfier 9 (hall forfeit any of his goods or chattels, 
lajids or tenements in other counties, but only fuch goods and 
chattels, lands and tenements, which the faid outlaws have in 
the fame county of Lancafler. Provided always, That the ftatute 
made the firft year of King Henry the Fourth, againft the people 
of the county of Chefter which do many manflaughters, murders, 
robberies, batteries, trefpafles and other riots and offences to 
divers the King's liege people, (hall (land in his force, notwith- 
standing this prefent ordinance. And that this ordinance ftaqd 
in his force nil the parliament which (hall be firft holden after 
the King's return into England from beyond the fea, 

CAP, III. 
Pro teff ions granted to them that be in the King's fer vice in 
Normandy or France, or which Jhall fafs with him into 
France, 

ITEM, whereas the taking of affifes hath long ceafed through* 
out the refrim, becaufe of an ordinance made by the King 
at his fecppd paffage towards the parts of Normandy* and by his . 
council ; the King confidering the dtfeafes and damage, which 
xqany of his liege people have had and fuftained by the fame . 
ceafing, hath commanded, That his juftices (hall hold the affifes . 
through his realm by the manner accuftomed. And for to efchew . 
the difherifops of fuch perfons, as now (hall pafs in this prefent 
voyage of the King our fbvereign lord (whom God fpeed) and 
alto of fuch perfons as abide in the King's fervice in the parts 
of Normandy and France; it is ordained and provided, That in 
every protection with the clauff Volumus, to be made for any of ' 
the lame perfons, in the claufe of the exception contained in 
the lame, omiffions (hall be made of thefe words ajjife novel iif* 
feiftn. And that all fuch protection be allowable and allowed 
for them and every of them, in ail the King's courts and elfe-r 
where, where fuch protection is fet forth for any fuch perfon, in 
all pleas of affifes, as well of novel diffeiftn as of frejb force , with* 
out difficulty : provided always, That the judgments to be 

S'ven from henceforth in Rich affifes, arraigned or to be arraigned, 
tall not be prejudicial to any of the faid perfons fo abiding in 
the King's fer vice beyond the fea, (as afore is faid) which have 
any thing in reverfion or in remainder in the lands or tenements, 
whereof fuch affifes be or (hall be arraigned, if they that have in 
reverfion or remainder in fiich lands and tenements, be not 
named in the fame afl}fes, but that they be againft them all void* 
And this ordinance (hall endure till the parliament that (hall be 

firft 



.142 1.] - Anno nono Henrici V. 61 

firft holden after the King's next return into England. And if 

this ordinance touching the faid perfons fo abiding in the King's 

fervice beyond the fea, and alfo touching the faid perfons which 

have pafled and (hall pafs in the faid voyage, be not fufficient 

for the eafe and furety of them : it is accorded and alfo aflented, 

That the lords of the King's council for the time being (hall 

have full power by authority of this parliament, to fet, ordain, 

and provide fufficient remedy, for the eafe and furety of all the 

fame perfons, as for them and every of them (hall leeti) to the 

faid lords mod available and expedient in the cafe, according to *HU5x.«. 

their good advice and difcretions. . ,4 +•*•*• 

CAP. IV. 

The juftices may amend defaults in records or procefs after 
judgment given. 

ITEM come ordeine fuit & TTEMj whereas it was ordain- f4 .Ed.jJlafci« 
eftable en leftatut fait Ian A ed and ejlablijhed in the Jta- c.6. 

tute made the fourteenth year of 
King Edward the Third after the 
conqtuftfTlxit for mifprifton of the 
clerk' in any place where foever it 
be> the procefs of the puajhouli 
not be avoided nor difcontinued 9 by 
mi flaking in writing one Utter or 
fyllable too much or too little^ (2) 
but as foon as the thing is per- 
ceivedy by challenge of the party + . 
or in other manner, itjhould bafiijy 
be amended in a due form, with* 
out giving advantage to the party 
that challenged the fame becaufe of 



eftable en leftatut fait Ian 
quatorfzifme del Roy E. tierce 
puis le conqueft qe pur mef- 
prifion du clerk en qeconqe 
place qeceo foit ne foit procefle 
du plee anientie ne discontinue 

{>ar mefprendre en efcrivant un 
ettre ou un (liable trop ou trop 
poy toes fi toft come la chofe 
ferra apercieu par chalange du 
partic ou en autre manere foit 
naftiment amendee en due 
fourme (anz doner avantage au 
partie qe ceo chalengera pur 
caufe de tiel mefprifion le Roy 
ftoftre foverayn feignur confide- 
rant la diverfitee doppinions 
queux len avoit fur le dit efta- 
tut & pur mettre la chofe en le 
pluis overte conifance ad de- 
clares & ordeinez au prefent 
par au&orite du ceft panement 
qe les juftices devaunt queux 
tiel plee ou recorde eft fait ou 
ferra pendant fibien par ad- 
journement come par vote der- 
rour ou autrement eient poar 
& au&orite de dmender tiels 
recorde & proccs come avaunt 
eft dit folonc la forme de mef- 
me leftatuit fibien apres judge- 
ment en tiel plee recorde ou 
proces renduz come avaunt le 
juggement renduz en tiel plee 
recorde ou proces tant coqie les 

dit* 



fuch mifprifton , {3) the King d—,^ 
our fovereign lord, confidenng 5 06.45. 
the diverfity of opinions which 
have been upon the faid ftatute, 
and to put the thing in more 
open knowledge, hath declared 
and ordained at this time, by 
authority of this prefent parlia- 
ment, That the juftices before The jufticet 
whom fuch plea or record is before whom 
made, or (hall be depending, default (hall 
as weUby adjournment as by **£*& 
way of error, or otherwife, (hall or pracefs 
have power and authority to may amend 
amend fuch record and procefs, t ^ cm * f *|i* 
as afore is faid, according to the Jg™" 
form of the fame ftatute, as 
well after judgment in any 
fuch plea, record, or proceis 
given, as before judgment 
given 



»«2 



'Anno riono HfeliRict V. 



Made' perpe- 
tual by 4 H.6, 



'given in any fuch plea, record, 
• or procefs, as long as the fame 
' record arid procefs is before 
'them, in the fame manner as 
-fche Juftices had power to amend 
' fiieh record and procefs before 
judgment given by force of 
' the faid ftatute* made in the 
' time of the faid King Edward. 
- (4) And that- -this ordinance 
endure till the parliament that 
(hall be firft holden after the 
return of our fovercign lord 
the King into England from 



[14*1. 



ditz recordc & proces foiefct 
devaunt eux en mefme !e ma- 
nere come juftices avoient poiar 
de amendre tielx record it pro- 
ces avaunt higgemcnt rendoz 
par force del dit eftatuit en, 
temps du dit Roy E. fait come 
defuiSi Et durrera ceft ordi- 
nance tanqe a parlement qi 
ferra tenUz primerement apres 
la revenue du noftre foverain 
feignur en Engletcrre de par- 



SJ1.6.C. 11,15. beyond the fea. 



CAP. V. 



Ex edit.Rafl 
Sheriff. 



Efchcitor. 



Calais. 
Mint. 
Coinage. 



During four years the King may affign Sheriffs, &c. to conti- 
nue in their offices above one year, notwitbjlanding the 
ftatute of 14 Edward 3. ftat.i. cap.7. 

ITEM, whereas by the ftatute made at Wefindnjiet the xiv* 
year of King Edward the Third, it was ordained and efta- 
' bliftied, That no (heriff fhould abide in his bailiwick above one 
' year, and that then another convenient (hould be fet in his place, 
1 which (hould have lands fufficient within his bailiwick : and that 

• no efcheator (hould tarry in his office above a year. And Whereas 
alfo at the time of the making of the faid ftatute divers valiant 

w and fiifiicient perfons were in every county of England, to occupy 

- and govern the fame offices well towards the King and all his 

• liege people, for as much that as well by divers peftilences 
' within the realm of England, as by the wars without the realm, 
' there is not now fuch Jufficiency : it is ordained and eftablifhed, 

That the King, by authority or this parliament, may Otake the 
(heriffs and efcheators through the realm at his will, until the 
end of four years, except in the counties where certain perfotis 
be inherit in fuch manner offices : the faid term to begin at the 

• next eleAion of fuch officers, notwithftanding'the faid ftatute 

- made the Aid xiv. year or any other ftatute or ordinance made 

- to the contrary. And that the fame officers be perfons diffident 
and of good fame. And that the (heriffs have due allowance 
(torn year to year during the fame term in their accompts, did 
alfo pardons, that is to lay, ftich as need to have fuch pardons, 
fend that by the advice of the King's council, and as reafon a^d 
ednfeience requireth. 

CAP. VI. 
The mint frail be at Calais. 

ITEM, the King, for theeafe of the merchants and other re- 
liant and abiding at Calais, and alfo to the ertcreafe of his 
money, will and hath ordained, That his mint and alfo his 
coinage (hall be had and ufed within the; fame town of Calais, 

% as 



1 4ft 1 7| Anno nono Hknrici V. 

a* long as (hall pleafe the King: faving to hhn that that to hiftt 
of right pertaineth of the mint and coinage aforefaid. 

cap, vn. 

' The ftatute provided 2 H. 5. ftat. 1. c. 5. for offenders in 
Tyndal and Exhamfhire, Jhall be extended againfi the like 
offenders in Ridcfdalc. 



6 S 



ITEM come en le parlement 
tenuz aLeyceftre le darrein 
jour dApprill Ian del ' reigne 
noftre treflbverayn feignur le 
Roy qoreft feconde a la grevous 
compleint fait au Roy llloeqes 
par certeins fes communes de 
ceo qe plufeurs murdres trefons 
homicides robberies & autres 
maffaitz as plufeurs fes lieges 

Ear eentz demurantz dedems 
* franchifes de Tyndale & 
Exhamfhire ou brief le Roy ne 
court mye par favour de celles 
franchifcs furent perpetres a 
erande mefchief & peril des 
ditz liegesdu Roy ordeigne fuit 
& eftable qe fi afcune perfone 
des ditz franchifes refeant ou 
demyrant deinz ycelles de qu- 
elle eftate ou condition il fuifle 
face murdres trefons homicides 
ou robberies ou confente de les 
fairc hors des ditz franchifes 

rces foit fait devers luy par 
commune ley tanqc il foit 
utlagee et qe apres tile utlaga- 
rie pronuncie & retournee fa- 
cent ent les juftices devaunt 
queux tide utlagarie foit re- 
tournee certification a tieux mi- 
niftres ou a tiel miniftre dez 
fuiftiitz franchifes come a eux 
fcmblera meultz celle partie fo- 
lonc lour difcretion & foit tiel 
felon pris par tiel miniftre ou 
tieux miniftres & fes terres & 
lenertientz biens & chatieux 
efteantz deinz ycelles franchifes 
fcifiez es mains des feignurs de 
mefmes les franchifes pur le 
temps efteantz come forfaitz et 
qe les aulres terres & tene- 
ments biens & chatieux de tiel 
felon 



ITEM, whereas in theparlia- % H.$. ibti. 
ment holden at Leicester tbe c.5. 
laft day of April, tbe fecond year 
of tbe reign of our fovereign lord 
the King that now is, at tbe 
grievous complaint made to him 
there by certain of his commons, 
for that many murders, treafons, 
man/laughters, robberies, and 0- 
ther offences were committed by 
diver j of the Kings liege people 
dwelling within the franchifes of 
Tyndal and Exhamfhire, by fa- 
vour of the franchife, where tbe 
King's writ doth not run, to tbe 
great mf chief and peril of the 
faid liege people; (a) it was or- 
dained andflablijhed, That if any 
perfon of the fame franchifes, re* 
fident and abiding within the 
fame, of what eftate or condition 
that he be, commit any mnrders, 
treafons, man/laughters, robbe- 
ries, or cmfent to do the fame out 
of the fnd franchifes, procefs Jhall 
be made againjl htm by the com- 
mon law till he were outlawed ; 
(3) and that after fucb outlawry 
pronounced, and return made 
thereof, the juftices before whom 
fucb outlawry Jhall be returned, 
Jbould thereof make certificate to 
fuch minijler and minifters of the 
faid franchifes, as to them be/I 
Jbould feem in this behalf, accor- 
ding to their difcretion; (4) and 
fuch felon Jball be taken by fuch 
mimfter or minifters, ana his 
lands and tenements, goods and 
chattels, being within the fame 
franchifes, feifed into tbe bands 
of the lords of tbe fame franchifes 
for the time being, as forfeit; 
(5) and that the other lands and 
tcne- 



64 AnaonohO 

tenements, golds and chattels of 
fuch felons out of the fame fran- 
chises, Jball wholly remain to the 
Ktngy and to other lords 'having 
thereof franchifes, as forfeit ; 
(6) Javtng always to the King 
the forfeitures of fuch murderers, 
traitorSi man/layers, robbers, and 
all fuch offender s j and of other 
things, which to him pertain as 
of the right of his crown. (7) 
And forafmuch as like murder s, 
treajons, manjlaughters, robbe- 
ries, confents, and offences by di- 
ver's perfons, thieves, and felons* 
•FelonscaHed called Intalers and Outparters,* 
Intakers and dwelling within the franchife of 
Ouiputtcrs. fcidefdale, in which franchife 
. the King*s writ doth not run* as 
it is faid, have been done now of 
late in divers places in the coun- 
ties ^Northumberland, Cum- 
berland, Weftmoreland, and 
ilfewhere out of the fame fran- 
chife of Ridefdale, by favour and 
fuccour of the fame franchife , 
whereof no redrefs towards them 
hath been had by the laws heretofore 
ufed, to the great mif chief perils 
and damage of the people Jo griev- 
ed, as our f over eign lord the King, 
<by the grievous complaint to him 
made in this prefent parliament, 
hath fully perceived : (8)ourftid 

S^iTh fovcrei g n Iord thc K^g* iwl- 
5ftaLi.c.j. " .^ n g to remedy the fame, hath 
againft often* ordained. and ftablifhed in the 
dersinTin- feme parliament, That fuch 
daleindEx- p roce f s certificate, and exe- 
hamQure (hall * . . 5,,,, ; , r-> 

be extended cut,on *" a " be made hereafter 
againft the againft fuch murderers, man- 
ure offenders flayers, robbers, confenters, 
in Ridefdalc. ^ offenders, abiding or refi- 
dent within the faid franchife 
of Ridefdale, for their offences 
done out of the faid franchife 
of Ride/dale, (o) And alfo fuch 
manner of forfeitures (hall run 
in all points, as well to our 
fovereign lord the King, as to 
all other perfons, as it was or- 
dained 



HenriciV. '[14a i4 

felon efteantz hors de mefme* 
les franchifes demurgent en* 
tierement au Roy & as autres 
feignurs aiantz ent franchife 
come fbrfaitz fal vant toutz foitz. 
au Roy les forfeitures dautiels 
murdrours traitours homici- 
doursrobbours & autres maffai- 
fours queconqes & dautre9 
chofes queux a luy appertei- 
gnent come de droit de fa co- 
rone. Et pur tant qe fembla- 
bles murdres trefons homi- 
cides robberies confentements 
& maffaites par diverfes per- 
fones larons & felons appellez 
Intakers & Outputters demu- 
rantz deinz fa franchife de 
Ridefdale en quele franchife fe 
brief du Roy ne court mye 
come ell dit ont eftee faitz ja- 
tard en diverfes lieus en 
les countees de Northumbr* 
Cumbr' WeftmerP & aillours 
hors de mefme la franchife de 
Ridefdale par favour & ibcour 
de mefme la franchife dont 
null redrefce vers eux nad eftee 
eu par les leies ceo enarere 
ufez a trefgraunde mefchief pe- 
ril & damage a le poeple iffint 
grevez come le Roy par cla- 
mous pleint a luy fait en cefto 
prefent parlement lad pleine- 
ment entendu. Noftre fove- 
raigne feignur voillant ceo re- 
medier (i ad ordeignes & efta- 
blez en ceo mefme parlement 

Je autieuk proces certification 
1 execution foient faitz defore 
enavaunt vers tieux murdrours 
traitours homicidours robbours 
confentours & maffefours de- 
murantz ou refeantz dedeinz 
la dit franchife de Ridefilalcf 
pur caufe de lour maffaitz faitz 
dehors mefme la franchife de 
Ridefdale. Et auxi tieux man- 
ners forfaitures encourgent en 
toutz pointz fibiejj envers le 
Roy come envers toutz autres 

per- 



-*4*i-] Anno nono Henrici V. 65 

fones come fuit ordeigne vers dained for the faid offenders of 

le* ditz meffafours de Tyn- Tyndal and Exhamjhire by the 

dale & Exhamfliire par le dit faid ftatute made at Leicef- 

eftatuit fait a Leyceftre & fo- ter, and according to the form 

lone la fourme & equite de and equity of the fame ftatute; 

mefme leftatuit falvant toutz (10) faving always to the King 

foitz au Roy ceo qe a luy ap- that which pertaineth to him in 

pertient celfes parties come de this behalf, as of the right of 11H.7.C.9; 

droit de fa corone. his crown. 14EU.13. 

CAP. VIII. 

Certain fcbolars of Oxford to be banijhed the univerjity for 
certain offences. 

ITEM, becaufe that many clerks and fcholars of the univer- Ex edit. Raft, 
fity of Oxford, unknown, armed, and arrayed in the man- Scholars. 
ner of war, have oftentimes dilTeifed and put out divers perfons Ox^d. 
of their lands and tenements in the counties of Oxford, Berts, 
and Bucks, and alfo have hunted with dogs and greyhounds in 
divers warrens, parks, and forefts, in the fame counties, as well 
by days as by nights, and taken deer, hares, and conies : and 
moreover, threatning the keepers of the fame of their lives, and 
alfo with ftrong hand have taken clerks convidl of felony by due 
proCefsofthe lawj out of the ward of the ordinaries, and thofe 
prifoners have brought with them, and let go at large, as the 
King, by open complaint to him made in this parliament, hath 
conceived : our faid fovereign lord the King, willing upon the 
fame to fet remedy, hath ordained and fablifTied, That due 
procefs (hall be made againft fuch fcholars wrong doers, for * 
their offences, as the law and alfo the ftatutes of the land re- 
quire, according to the cafe till they come to anfwer, or elfe be 
outlawed. And if any fuch fcholar be fo outlawed, then the Univerfity. 
juftices before whom fuch outlawry (hall be returned, (hall Chancellor. 
certify the chancellor of the faid univerfity, for the time being 
of the fame outlawry. And that the fame chancellor, upon 
fuch certification had, (hall do to be baniihed maintenant, and 
without difficulty, fuch outlaws out of the fame univerfity, up- 
on the pain that pertaineth. And that this ordinance endure 
till the next parliament be holden, after the King's return from 
beyond the fea into England. 

CAP. IX. 

No abbot or prior fhall be appointed by any bi/Jjop to coUeft 

difmes orfubfidies out of the county where he dwelletb. 

ITEM, forafmuch as the abbots and priors of the realm of 
England, have had and fuftained great damage, lofles, cofts, 
anddifeafes before this tiftie, by that that they have been afligned 
by the archbifhops and bifhops of. the fame realm of England, Collector. 
to gather the difmes granted to the Kings of England by the 
clergy, very far from their houfes/and alfo in divers dioccfes 
and counties, as they have (hewed to our faid fovereign lord the 
King by their petition delivered in this prcfent parliament : the 
Vol. III. F King 



€6 Anno nonp Henrici V. [ 1 42 1 . 

King our fovcreign lord, having thereto conlideration, hath 
ordained and ftabhihed, That no abbot nor prior within the 
realm of England, (hall be by any archbiihop or bi(hop from hence- 
forth ordained to be collector of any difmes or fubfidies, out of 
the fame county where he is dwelling or converfant. And this 
ordinance (hall (land in his force till the parliament, which (tall 
be firft holden after the King's return from beyond the fea into 
England. 

C A P. X. 
Keels that carry fea-coals to Ncwcaftle Jhall be meafured and 

marked. 

ITEM par la ou de chefcun 
chaldre de charbons man- 
tifmes qe font & ferront vendus 
as gents nient y franchifes en 
le port del ville del Novell 
Chaftell fur Tyne font dues au 
Roy deux deniers de cuftuote 
& en mefme le porte font cer- 
teinz veffelx appellez Keles par 
les queux tielx charbons font 
caries de la terre jefqes a les 
naefs en le dit oort & doit chef- 
cun des ditz keles eftre del por- 
tage de vint chaldres & folonc 
mefme le portage la dite cuf- 
tume ent eft pris al oeps du 
Roy font ore certeinz gentz 
qont fait jatard tides keles del 
portage de xxii. ou xxiii. chal- 
dres dont la cuftume ad eftee 
pris folonc le portage dexx. chal- 
dres tantfoulementendeceitedu 
Roy ficome le Roy lad entendu 
mot compleint en ceft parlement 
Si ad il ad ordeine & eftaUiz 
encountre tide deceite qe toutz 
les keles qore font & ferront en 
temps avenir en le dit port 
foient mefures par certeinz 
commiflioners a ceo affignerz 
par le Roy & merches "de qudl 
portage y foient devaunt cft> 
qe afcun cartage (bit fait par 
icelles fur peine de forfaire 
au Roy toutz les veflelx appel- 
lez Keles par les queux alexins 
tieux charbons ferront caries 
devaunt ceo qe Us foient mer- 
chez en le manere avauntdit. 

CAP. 



Explained by TTEM, whereas of every thai- 
3oCar.wlUt.i. X dron of fea-coals, which be or 
c.S. and far- jfajj be told to people not fran- 

tefgsik? < hi f' d <* th * P° rt °f tb < town °f 
W.3.C. 10. Newcaftle upon Tyne, two pence 

be due to the King of cuftom, (2) 
and in the fame port be certain 
veffels called Keels, by which fuck 
coals be carried from the land to 
the Jbips in the fcid port', and 
every of the Jaid keels ought to 
be of the portage of twenty chal- 
drons, and according to the fame 
portage, the cuftom is thereof 
taken to the King's ufe\ (3) 
there be now certain people, that 
of late have madefuch keels of the 
portage of twenty two or twenty 
three chaldrons, whereof the cuf- 
tombathbeen taken according to the 
fort age of twenty chaldrons only, 
in deceit of our lord the King, as 
be hath perceived by complaint in 
Keels that tins parliament ; (4) it is there- 
carry fea coals fore ordained and ftablifhed a- 
at Newcaftle gai n ft f uc h deceits, that all the 

to SeftiM * ccls which now be > smd hcre - 
fliall be mea- ^t er Gwll be in the (aid port, 
(nail be meafured by certain 
commiflioners thereto afligned 
by the King, and marked of 
what portage they be, before 
that any carriage be made by 
the fame, upon pain of forfei- 
ture to the King all the veffels 
called Keels, by which any fuch 
coals (hall be carried, before 
that they be marked in the man- 
ner aforefaid. 



Cured by com 
raifltoners. 



I 4 2I.] 



Anno nono Henrici V. 



*7 



CAP. XL 

No Englifh gold Jhall be received in fayment but by the 

King's weight. 



ITEM pur oufter periles & 
dcceites queux longement 
ont contenus dedeinzle roialme 
parmy lcs lavourt tonfours & 
controfaitours de la moneie 
dEngleterrea trefgraundes mef- 
chiers & damages a toutz gents 
de mefme le roialme le Roy par 
advis & aflent de toutz les fei- 
gnurs & communes aflcmblez 
en ceft parlement ad ordeinez 
& cftablez qe de la veille del 
fcfte de Novel prochein ave- 
nir enavaunt null Jiege du Roy 
receivera afcune moneie dor 
Engleis en paietnent flnon par 
le pois du Roy fur ceo ordeines. 
Et pur tant qe graunde partie 
del or de prefent currant en 
patment neft mye de droiturell 
pois ne de bone aJlaie y faute 
ceo rcmettre a k cune au fyne 

3il poet eftre novelment cunez 
e jouft pois & bone allele & 
ceo ferra eftre a graunde perde 
St ooftages des fubditz du Roy 
fil ne fuy pleft eux relever en 
ceo cas fi ad le Roy de fa grace 
efpeciale remis & pardonee a 
toutz fez liges oi parentre cy 
& le dit fed de Novel ferront 
cuner de novel a le cunage du 
Roy dedeinz le Toure de 
Loundres lour monoie dor qe 
nelbit de jouft pois ne de bone 
aflaie ceftaflavoir tout ceo qi a 
luy appertient pur cell novell 
cunage de tiel ore come defuis 
Salvez a le meftre del mynte & 
as autres officers dicelle ceo qi 
a eux appertient refonable- 



ITEM, to avoid the deceits and 
perils which long have continued 
within the realm ty xvajbers y clip* 
pers, and counterfeiters of the mo* 
ney of the realm </ England, to the 
great lofs and damage of all the 
people of the fame realm ; (2) the No vntffa 
King, by the advice and aflent gold (hall be 
of all the lords and commons received in 
affembled in this parliament, 1*3^* J** 
hath ordained and ftabliflied, K^ 
That from Chri/lmas even next 
coming, none of the King's 
liege people (hall receive any 
money or Englijb gold in pay- 
ment but by the King's weight 
thereupon ordained. (?) And 
becaufe a great part of the gold 
now current in payment is not of „ 

rightful weight nor of good alley \ 
the fame [ihall be fent to the Thc WOf ^ f 
coin, to the intent that it (hall within 
be newly coined of juft weight Crotchets are 
and of good allay; and becaufe omitted in 
th^ffbeU great &*}%£$£ 
cojls of the King s fubjeSls^ unlefs ft^e, pub . 
it pleafe bim to relieve them in lUhed by Pul- 
this cafe ; (4) our fovereign lord ton » KeMe, # 
the King, of his fpecial grace, *g£? z a jj* *■ 
hath remifed and pardoned to ^ c ££ 
all his liege people, which be- 
twixt this and the faid feaft of 
Chriflmas (hall caufe to be coin* r 

ed of new at the King's coin*- 
age within the Tower of London* 
their money of gold that is not 
of juft weight nor of good allay, 
that is to fay, all that to him 
pertaineth for this new coin- 
age of fuch gold as afore; (5) 
faving always to the mafter of 
the mint, and to other officers 
of the fame, that which to them 
reafonably pertaineth. 



Fa 



CAP. 



68 



Anno nono Henrici V. 



[14Z1. 



CAP. XII. 

Writs fur chafed by the wardens of Rochcfter bridge} or a- 
gainft them, Jhall be goody though fome of them die or be 
removed. 



Writt pur- 
chafed by or 
gainft the 
/ardent of 
Rochcfter 
bridge, (hall 
be good, 
though fome 
of them die, 
Ac. 



iSEI.c.17. 
•7 EI.C.S5. 



ITEM, it is ordained, That 
all the writs to be purchaf- 
ed by the wardens of the new 
bridge of Rochejler^ and their 
fucceflbrs, or by other againft 
them to be purchased, (hall be 
maintained and continued by 
the law of England ; (2) and 
although that the faid wardens, 
or any of them, be removed 
or expulfed from their faid 
office, or do die, hanging the 
faid writs, neverthelefe the fame 
writs (hall (land to be good and 
effe&ual in the law for ever. 



ITEM ordeinez eft & efta- 
bliz qe toutz les briefs par 
ks gardeins de le novel! pont 
de Roucheftre & lours fuccef- 
fours apurchacerz ou par au- 
tre* encountre eux apurcha- 
cers foient maintenus & fufte- 
nuz par la ley & combien qe 
• les ditz gardeins ou afcun de 
eux foit ou foient amovez ou 
expulfez de lour dit office ou 
devie ou deviont pendantz les 
ditz briefs nientmains mefines 
les briefs eftoient & foient bons 
& effeduelx en ley pur toutz 
jours. 



Ex edit Raft. 
Money. 
Gold and fd- 



Exchange. 

Money. 

Coinage. 



Other ftatutes made at Weftminfter* Anno 9HEN' 
V. flat. 2. and Anno Dom. 1421. 

AT the parliament holden at Weftminfter the firft dot */De- 
cember, in the ninth yedr of the reign of King Henry the 
Fifths it is ordained by the aflent of the lords Spiritual and tem- 
poral, and at the requeft of the commons there aflembled, &c. 

CAP. L 
A confirmation of all ftatutes made touching money. 

FIRST, That all the ftatutes and ordinances, which have 
been made in the time of the King's noble progenitors, 
touching the good and lawful governance of- his money of gold 
and filver, not repealed, be well and firmly kept and holden in 
all points. 

CAP. II. 

All men may refort to the King's exchanges, or to the 
Tower, to have money new coined. 

ITEM, the King, in as much as he conveniently may, (hall 
do to be ordained his ^exchanges of the money of gold and 
filver in the city of London, and elfewhere in the realm, for the 
eafeof his people, which (hall be holden in open places in high 
ftreets. And that all they that will come to the Tower of Lon- 
don* there to have money of new coined, they (hall have money 

coined 



142 i.J Anno nono Henrici V. 6g 

coined, and thereof (hall be delivered within eight days, accord* 
ing to the very value of that that they (hall bring thither,' pay- 
ing the feignorage and coinage of gold, after the rate of five (hil- 
lings for the pound of the Tower j and for the feignorage and 
coinage of filver fifteen pence for the pound, and no more. 
And that they that will not approach the Tower to do the lame, 
but will be thereof delivered at the exchanges, (hall pay for the 
exchange after the rate of a penny for the noble, and for the 
half noble a halfpenny, and for the fourth part of the noble a 
farthing, with the feignorage and coinage, as afore is faid. 

CAP. III. 

At the Kings exchanges good money /ball be delivered to the 

parties* or elfe be that doth receive it may rcfufe it. 

ITEM, That the matters and workers of the money, and alfo Money, 
the ftrangers in all places where money (hall be coined, 
made, or changed, (hall be holden to deliver and pay all that 
that ought to pertain to them for fuch exchange of good and law-* 
fill money of England, by and of iuft weight, or by the num- 
ber, of the election of him which mall receive the fame without 
any delay of difficulty. And if percafe it happen that any no- 
table default in the weight of the money, or in the allay be 
found (which God defend) upon the delivery or payment to be 
made at the (aid Tower, or at the exchanges aforefaid, that then 
iX (hall be well lawful to every perfon that (hall find fuch de- 
fault, to rcfufe that that is defective before that he depart the 
place where he the fame (hall receive. And that the mafter, or Exchangers, 
the changers be holden to deliver to him fufficient money for 
the fone, without delay, and to melt that that fhall fo be found 
defective, 

CAP. IV. ' 
The officers of the exchanges jhall bring to the Tower all the 
gold or filver wbicb they buy or exchange. 

ITEM, That they which (hall be wardens and furveyors and Exchange, 
minifters of the exchanges out of the Tower \ (hall be holden Gold and fil» 
and bpunden to bring all the cold and filver that they (hall re- ver. 
ceive by way of exchange, or (nail buy by colour of their office, M° ne y« 
to the Tower of London, there to be molten and made in money, 
in augmentation and increafe of the money for the profit of the 
realm and eafe of the people, without being fold, aliened, or 
put to any other ufe. 

CAP. V. 
The mintjhall be at Calais, 

ITEM, That the King's Mint be coined and made at Calais, Mint* 
in th< manner as.it hath been made and governed at the Calais, 
fewer <tf lendon. 9 



F3 CAP. 



7° 



Anno nono Henrici W 



[142 1. 



CAP. VI. 

The allay and weight of money. 

Money. TTEM, That all the money of gold and Giver that (hall be 

3 Inft. 92. JL made at the Towfr of London and at Calais* or elfewhere 

within the realm of England* by authority royal, {hall be made 

of as good allay, and good weight, as it is now made at the 

Tower. 

CAP. VII. 

The weight of goldjhall befent to every city. 

Weight of the TTEM, That the King do to be ordained good and juft weight 
noble, &c, X of the noble, half noble, and farthing of gold, with the 
rates neceflary to the fame for every city, oorough, and mar- 
ket town of the realm, to be delivered by the chancellor of 
of England to them that will have them, to the intent that they 
be not deceived by falfe counterfeiters, and them that ufe falfc 
weight in deceit or th? people, 

CAP, VIII. 

Inquiry and punifhment offalfities of weights. 

ITEM, That the juftices of peace, (heriffs, efcheators, and o» 
ther perfons to be afllgned by the King, (hall have power 
by commiffion to enquire of all falfifiers and counterfeiters of 
falfe weights, and to take them and imprifon, and in prifon to 
hold them withput mainprife, till they be acquitted or attainted, 
and if they be attainted, their bodies (hall abide in prifon till 
(hey have made fines and ranfoms after the difcretion of the faid 
juftices. And that the fame juftices have power thereof to in- 
quire, hear, and determine, as often as to them (hall feem ne- 
ceflary. 

CAP. IX. 

The law of exchange between the merchants of Rome and 
thofe of England. 

ITEM, whereas in another (latute, made the fourteenth year 
of King Richard the Second, it was ordained, That for e> 
.very exchange that (hall be fftade by merchants in the court 
of Rome* or elfewhere, that the merchants be firmly and furely 
bounden in the chancery, to buy within three months after the 
exchange made, merchandifes of the ftaple, as wools, leather, 
woolfels, lead or tin, butter, cheefe, or cloths, or other com- 
modities of the land, to the value of the fum fo exchanged, 
upon forfeiture of the fame : and Aich merchants (aid in this 
prefent parliament, That they dare not bind themfelves to ob- 
serve the effexft of the fame (tatute, becaufe that within three 
rnonths after fuch exchanges made, they cannot buy and make 
(hipping to pafs fuch merchandifes to the parts beyond the fea 
(as afore is (aid) to the value of the fum (o changed : and alio 

for 



Juftices of 

peace. 

©heriflfs. 

Efcheators. 

Wciffhts. 

I4E4.3.C.5. 



Exchange 

Staple* 
Merchants, 



i4*i.] Anno nono Henrici V. 71 

for default of fuch changers there ought to be made fuch ex- 
change, and by divers colours and fubtleties the King's money 
Audi be of great likelihood privily carried to the parts beyond 
the fea, and fuch merchandifes (as afore) (hall not be bought by 
fuch merchants changers, to the great damage of the King and 
of his people and the realm, if in this prefent parliament reme- 
dy be not provided*: therefore it is ordained in this prefent par- 
liament, for the profit of the King and of his realm, That all 
merchants that (hall make fiich exchanges at the faid court 
of Rom*, or elfewhere, and every of them, (hall be bound per- 
fbnally in the faid chancery by recognifance, to buy within 
nine months after the fame exchanges made, like merchandifes 
and commodities as afore is faid, to the value of the fums fo 
changed, upon pain of forfeiture of the fame, notwithftanding 
the laid ftatute made the (aid fourteenth yean And that a& 
the ordinances aforefiud (hall endure until the parliament next i4R,** c **« 
to beholden. i.H 4 .c.s. 

CAR X. 

Collegers of difmes* (3c. which be charged in account for 
their companions, JhaU have an aflion of debt againjt 
them. 

ITEM, whereas divers colledors of difines and quinzimes Colle&ortof 
granted to the King of temporal goods, have been afligned xv.&x. 
in every county of the realm, and fome of them have purpofed 
lawfully to yield their account, and fome not, fo that when the 
King's writs have ifiued to the (heriffs to caufe the faid colled* 
ors to come to the exchequer, there for to account, the honeft 
true men have come in, and brought the rate of their gather- 
ing, and the other by brocage and fubtlety have abfented them, 
and will not come and pay their rate there, and fo the lawful 
may not* be difcharged, but wholly charged of the fums which 
their companions abfent ought to have paid, and alfo often- 
times put in prifon, and their lands and tenements feifed into 
the King's hands,' till they had payed to the King the rate of 
die gathering of their companions, to the great milchief and de- 
gru&ion of many of the King's lawful fubjedts, as the King 
hath conceived at the grievous complaint of the commons made 
here, in this prefent parliament: our faid fovereign lord, by 
the aflent of the lords (piritual and temporal, and at the requeft 
of the faid commons, hath ordained, That the colle&ors of fuch 
difines and quinzimes, (hall have recovery by adtion of debt 
ogainft their companions, of the fums which they have fo paid, 
«nd (hall pay for them, with their double damages. And this 
ordinance (hall endure till the parliament, which (hall be firft 
fcolden after the return of the King our fovereign lord into 
£rtZlaud, 



F4 CAP. 



72' Anno nono HenricI V. [142 r.' 

CAP. XL 

Certain roads and bridges about Abingdon Jhall bf repaired. 



8H. 6.c.a8. TTEM come monftre ftrift en ceft parlement par la ditc 
h pAntcdon- communalte par lour commune petition coment lc 
lymMr.Cay , s c ^ iem y n V f°* extende de la ville de Abendon vers Dbrcjie- 
edition. ftre en le countee dOxenford outre leaue de Thamyfe par 

les lieux de Burford & Culhamford parentre les dites villes 
de Abendon & Dorcheftre parmy les foil & franchifes & deinz 
les boundes ic franchifes del abbe de Abendon de Ton manoirde 
Culham en droit de fa eiglife de noftre dame de Abendon par 
quell les lieges du Roy & de fes progenitours illoeqs paflantz ont 
eux lour cariage ic franc paflage fibien ove charrettes come ove 
lour chivalx biens chatieux ic merchandifes du temps dont me- 
morie ne court fuit jatard par cretein de eaue a tant furunduz qe 
null purroit illoeqs pailer ne tieux cariage fanz peril de perdre 
lour vies biens chatieux & merchandifes illoeqs faire tan<je cer- 
teinz gentz du dite ville de Abendon de lour propre biens & 
dalmoigne des gentz la entour enhabitantz ont faitz un pont 
outre le djte lieu 'appelle Burford & un autre pont outre le dit 
lieu appelle Culhamford ic ejent apxi del aflent de dit abbe & 
fon covent enlargez enhancez faitz ic reparailez le dit chemyn 
parentre les lieux ic pontes fuifditz en laeure ove les fofles de 
piefine le chemyn de anibedeux parties quatre perches & oept 
pees entout & eient auxi plantes & fifchez fur les ripes des ditz 
fofles pluis profchein a chemyn certeins arbres appellez poplers 
it wyllughes ore crefceantz pur amendement & reparation du 
dit chemyn as heurs & temps bufoignables en temps avenir Sur 
qoi conliderez les grandes aife ic profit qe aviendront a les lie- 
ges du Roy parmy ceux ponts & chemyn fi qe ils purront con- 
tjnuer del aflent des ditz feignurs & a la requefle de la dite com- 
munalte ordeignez eft & eftabliz en ceo mefme parlement qe les 
ditz ponts & paflages outre ycelles & auxi le dit chemyn paren- 
tre mefmes les ponts de la laeure come deffuis eft dit foient & re- 
maignent a toutz jours communes ponts paflages & chemyn as 
queconqes- illoeqs paflantz pu pafler voillantz fibien a chival 
come a pee & en autre manere ic ove toutz manefs des caria- 
ges & qe life a toutz lieges du Roi les ditz ponts paflages chemyn 
& fofles en la laeure & forme fuifditz faire reparailler enhancer de 
noveJl edifier ic efcurer ic autres tieux arbres fur les ditz ripes 
de novell planter ic ficher & en les ditz fofles argill marie gra- 
vel & terre fower & prendre & de autieux arbres les branches & 
germmes fibien de ceux queux font ore illoeqes plantez come 
de ceux qilloeqes ferront plantez as temps bofpignables & fefon- 
ables couper ic prendre pur la reparation des ponts .chemyn & 
paflage avantditz fi fovent come lour plerra pur toutz jours fanz 
impediment ou empefchement de nully afcun title ou interefle 
qiqe foit des ditz abbe ic covent en le foil de les eaue paflages 
chemyn & fofles avantditz ou en le foil ou leaue en quell les 
ditz pontz font ou ferront edifiez en les ditz lieux ou en afcun 
p^rcell dicell nicnt obftantz. Salve toutfoitz le droit du Roi 
" ' & 



1422,] Anno primo Henrici VI. 

& fahrez auxi as ditz abbe & covent & a lour fucceflburs lour 
libertees & franchifes dedeinz & en les ponts chernyn partes 
caue$ & foflfcs avantditz ficome ils avoient adevant en les ditz 
chemyn foil & eaue ic'auxi toute la pefcherie en leaue defoutz lez 
ditz ponts & en les fbfles fuifditz perpetuelment. 

Thus End the Statutes of King Henry the Fifth. 



73 



Anno primo HENRICI VI. 

Statutes made at We/imin/ier in the firft year of 
the reign of King Henry VI. and in the year 
of our JLord 1422, 

AU parlement tenuz a 
Weftm' le Lundy prof- 
cheyn devant le fell de Scint 
Martyn Ian de regne du Roy 



AT the parliament holden at 
Weftminfter the Monday 
next before theFeaJi ofSt.Martin* 

v 4 the firjl year of the reign of our 

Henri fifme puis le conqueft fovereign lord King Henry the 
primer mefme le Roy de lad- Sixth \ the fame King, by the ad- 
~ ' ~ ' ' vice and affent of the lords fpiri- 

tual and temporal, and at thejpe- 
cial inftance and requeft of the 
commons of the realm ^England, 
being affembled in this prefent par- 
liament, hath caufed to be ordain- 
ed and efablijhed divers ordinances 
andflatutes in the form following. 

P. I. 

money to he coined in as many 
they will. 

FIRST it is ordained and 
eftablithed, for the profit 
of the King, and the eafe of 
his people, That the lords of 
the King's council for the time 
being may afligjn, by authority 
of the faid parliament, matters 
and workmen to make money 
of go]d and filver, to hold the 
exchanges of money as well in 
the city of York as in the town 
of B- iftol, and alfo in as many 
places as to the faid lords (hall 
feem neceflary, according to 
their good advice and discretion, 
any ftatute or ordinance made 
to the contrary notwithftandinj 



vis & aflent des feignurs efpiri 
tudx & temporclx & a les ef- 
pecialx inftance Ac requeft des 
communes dEneleterreefteantz 
en mefme le parlement fift faire 
ordiner & eftablire diverfes or- 
dinances & eftatutz en la fourme 
qenfuit, 

CA 

The King^s council may affign 

places as 

EN primes ordeines eft pur 
le profit du Roy & laife 
de iTon poeple qe les feignurs de 
le couniell du Roy pur Te temps 
efteantz purront afligner par 
au&orite du dit parlement mef- 
tres ic operers a faire monoie 
dor & dargent & a tenir les ef- 
chaunges de moneie fibien en 
la citee dEverwik come en la 
ville de Briftuit & auxi es tants 
des lieux comefemblera as ditz 
feignurs bone & neceflarie fo- 
lonc lour bons advis & difcre- 
tions afcun eftatute x>u ordi- 
nance fait au contrarie non ob- 
ftant. 



The King'* 
council may 
afiign money 
to be coined*, 
and exchang- 
es to be held, 
in as many 
places as they 
will* 



74 



Anno primo Hen*ici VI. 



[i4«- 



ExeditPult. 
Every fhcrifF 
ihallproclaira 
theftatutesof 
purveyors in 
his bailiwick 
-four times in 
the year. 



so H. 6. c.S. 
la Car.a.c.*4 



All perfons 
born in Ire- 
land (hall de- 
lta? out of 
the realm, Sec. 



Irith perfons 
excepted 
which may re- 
main in Eng- 
land. 



CAP. II. 

All the Jlatutes of purveyors Jhall be proclaimed in every 
county four times in the year. 

ITEM, That all the ftatutes and ordinances made of purvey- 
ors and buyers, and not repealed, be kept and executed in all • 
points, and alio proclaimed in all counties through the realm by 
the King's commandment. (2) And that every (heriff of the 
realm of England, after that he hath received the faid ftmtutes 
thereof to make proclamation by fuch commandment, (hall caufe 
them to be proclaimed every year four times through his bailli- 
wick, upon pain to pay to tne King at every time that he there- 
of fails, an hundred ihillings. (3) And that upon the fame pain 
every of the faid fheriffs (hall deliver the faid commandment to 
his (ucceflbr immediately by indenture to be made betwixt them, 
whereby he may make like proclamation for the time that he 
continueth in tne faid office, for the eafe and furety of the peo- 
ple. (4) And that every fuch (ucceflbr, after fuch command- 
ment by him received (hall make fuch proclamations four times 
in the year, and (hall make fuch deliverance of the faid com- 
mandment to his fucceflbr, as above is (aid, upon the pain afore- 
faid. 

CAP. III. 
What fort of Iriflimen only may come to dwell in England. 

ITEM, forafmuch as divers manslaughters, murders, rapes, 
robberies, and other felonies, riots, conventicles, and divers 
other offences now late have been done in divers counties of die 
realm of England, by people born in the country of Ireland* re- 
pairing to the town of Oxenford % and there refiant and dwelling 
under the jurifdiction of the Univerfity of Oxenford, to the great 
fear of all manner of people in the realm of England dwelling 
thereabout, as by all the commons of the fame realm aflembled 
in the faid parliament it was grievoufly complained : (2) our 
faid lord the King by the affent aforefaid, and at the requeft of 
the fame commons hath priained andeftablifhed, that all people 
born in Ireland, (hall depart out of the realm within a month 
after proclamation made of this ordinance, upon pain to lofc 
their goods, and to be imprifoned at the King's will; except 
graduates in the fchools, and men having benefice of holy church 
in England, and men of law in England, and thofe which be in- 
herit in England, and thofe that have father and mother being 
Englifh people, religious perfons profefTed, merchants, burgeffes, 
and other inhabitants within cities or boroughs of good lame, 
which can find furety of their good bearing, and Irijb women 
married to Englifh men, and Irijh men married to Englijb wo- 
men, which be of good fame: (3) and that all thefe Irt/b people 
which have benefices or offices in the land of Ireland (half abide 
there upon their benefices and offices, upon pain to lofe and for- 
feit the profits of their benefices and offices, for the defence of 

< the 



1422.] Anno primo Henrici VI. y§ 

the land of Ireland aforefaid, according to the ordinance made 

in the time of King Henry die Fifth, the firft vear of his reign." i H. 5. c.t. 

(4) And that the graduates and beneficed-men (nail find furety of ,rifll men (hill 

thdr good bearing, and that they take riot upon them the prin- ^j" P rinci - 

cipality of any hall or hoftel, but to remain amongft the Englijh %£&?* 

fcholars under the principality of others. (5) Moreover, that 

thefe fcholars of Ireland which be no graduates, and be of the / 

King's obeifance, (hall find furety of their good bearing in the 

manner as the faid graduates (hould do, in fuchfort and form as 

is aforefaid. (6) And that all the fcholars of Ireland, being now An Irift man 

in England* which will here dwell, every of them (hall bring to ^J? brin * * 

the chancellor of England for the time being, before the feaft of that™ eb of 

St. John Baptijl next coming, letters under the leal of the lieu- the King's 

tenant or juftices of Ireland, teftifying that they be of the King's obeifance. 

obeifance. (7) And of them that bring not fuch letters betwixt 

this and the laid feaft of St. John Baptift^ it (hall be done as of 

rebels f> our lord the King. (8) And that from and after the 

faid feaft of St. John, no perfon born in Ireland (hall enter the 

realm of England to dwell in the faid univerfity of Oxenford or of 

Cambridge, or elfewhere within the realm of England* unlefs he 

bring to the faid chancellor of England fuch letters testimonials, 

upon pain to be puniflied as a rebel to our lord the King. * H. 6. c.S. 

CAP. IV. 

The fnsfter of the mint Jhall fend to the mint to be coined all 
4be gold and ft her that Jhall come to his bands by exchange. 

ITEM, though it hath been well ordained in times pad, That £* *?*• £*** 
he that (hall be matter of the mint (hall in no wife hold the ™* tr of ™* 
King's exchange : ncverthelefs our fovereign lord the King, by Exchange. 
the advice and aflent of the lords fpirituai and temporal, and at 
the requeft of the commons aforefaid, will and granteth : That 
the matter of the mint at the tower of London, which now is, and 
which for the time (hall be, may have and hold the King's ex- 
change in the city of London, till the parliament next to be holden, London, 
fo that the fame matter do to be lent to the mint all that (hall 9 H - 5- c *4* 
come tp the exchange in plate or in mafs, to be coined from ***• 6 " C,II# 
lime to time, until the faid parliament, taking for the exchange 
of the noble in the faid exchange i.d.ob. only. 1 

CAP. V. 
A certain allowance made to thofe which were retained to 
ferve King Hen. V. in bis wars. Pravifion for the 
redemption of the jewels mortgaged by King Hen. V. 

ITEM, at the fupplication of the faid lords and captains that 
be in life, which have indented with the gracious King /for- 
ty, father to the King that now is in all his wars, and aifo the 
executors of them that be commanded to God, which have in- 
dented with the faid King the father made by their petition, de- 
livered in this parliament : the King by the affent of all his lords 
fpirituai and temporal, and alfo of all the commons being in 

this 



y6 Anno primo Henrici VI. • [*4"- 

this parliament, will and granteth, That the thirds and the 
Gain* of -war. third of the third of all manner of gains, gained by way of 
war, pertaining to the faid King the father, the day of his death, 
as well of prlfoners taken as of other gains of war, may be de- 
duced and rebated by lawful account in the King's exchequer, 
for the fums of the wages to them due by the faid King the fa- 
ther, according to the effeft of the indentures thereof made. 
Provided always, That if of that which upon the faid accompt 
found due by the faid accomptants above the faid wages, pay- 
ment be made by them upon the fame account, then the faid 
fuppliants, their executors, heirs or landtenants after the faid 
account and gree made, (hall be thereof quit and difchargcd for 
ever. And moreover the King will and hath ordained of the faid 
aflent, That all they, to whom the faid King the father hath de- 
livered gages, jewels, and other things, (hall be before the King's 
council before the feaft of St. John Baptift next coming, with 
the fame things and jewels. And in cafe they be not fatisfiedof 
their duties, or within half a year after the fame feaft, then they 
after the faid half year (hall have all the faid jewels and things 
in peace and without impeachment of the King, paying to the 
King all that the fame jewels and things (hall be found of greater 
value, than that wherefore they were put in gage, unlefs they be 
^ ancient jewels of the crown. And that they and their heirs, 

Jandtenants and executors and every of them, (hall be of the 
fame jewels and things, which be not ancient jewels of the 
crown, quit and difcharged againft the King after the half year 
for ever. 

CAP. VI. 
Tbejiat. ofg Hen. v. c.9. touching fecurity for exchanges to 
be made by merchants of the court of Rome, revived, and 
continued till the next parliament. 
Thit ftatute TTEM come bien qe en leftatuit fait Ian du regne del Roy 
is printed only A Richard feconde quatorfzifme ordeinez fuit qe pur chefcun 
S'tioji **' 1 cfchange qe ferroit par merchants a la courtede Rome ou aillours 
les ditz merchants ferroient fermement & feurement liez en la 
chauncellerie dachater deinz trois mois apres la dit efchaunge 
fait merchandifes de leftaple come lains quirs peaux lanuz or 
plumbe ou eftein bure furmage draps ou autre comoditees de la 
terre de Ja value de la fomme iflint efchangee fur forfeiture dicell 
nientlemains en le parlement tenuz le primer jour de decernta* 
Ian du regne del Roi Henry quint noevifme pur certeins caufes 
declarez en icell ordeinez fuit en le mefme pur profit du Roy & 
du roialme qe toutz merchants qi delors ferroient autiels ef- 
changes a la courte fuifdite ou alloucs qils & chefcun de eux fer- 
roit & ferroient obligez perfonelment en I? chauncellarie fuifdite 
par reconifance dachater deinz noef mois apres mefrnes lesefchan* 
ges faitz femblables merchandifes & commoditees come defluis 
eft dit a la value de les fommes iflint efchanges fur peine de for- 
faiture diceJles le dit eftatuit fait le dit an quatorfzime non 6b- 
ftant k qe celle darrein ordinance durcroit tank au parlement de, 

lors 



1423] Anno fccundo HenrIci VI. 77 

lors profcheinement a tenir le Roy pur tant qe fentuz furent le* 
ditz caufes iflint declarez en le ait parlement tenuz le dit an 
noevifme refonables & auxi qe-mefme lordinance fuit terminer 
& explrez par le commencement de ceft darrain parlement ad or- 
deinez en ceft darrein parlement qe toutz les merchantz qi fer- 
roiertf autielx efchanges a la dite courte de Rome ou aillours qils 
& chefcun de eux foient & (bit obligcz perfonelment en la chaun- 
ccllarie du Roy par reconifance dachater dedeinz noef mois apres 
tielx efchanges faitz feriiblables merchandifes & commoditees 
come avaunt eft dit a la value de les fommes iflint efchaunges 
fur peine de forfaiture dicelles non obftant le dit eftatuit fait le • 
dit an quatorfzime et k qe ceft prefent ordinance durera tanqe au 
parlement profcheinment a tenir. 



Statutes made at Wejtnitnjler, Anno 2 Hen. VI. 
and Anno Dom. 1423. 

T TENRICUS Dei gratia Rex Anglie & Francie 8c Dominus Hiberaie 
Xx vicecomiti Middlefexie falutem. Quedam datura & ordinationet 
in ultimo parliamento noftro edita tibi mittimus in forma patent i mandan- 
tes quod ftatuta 8c ordinationes ilia in locis infra baltivam tuam ubi magit 
expedient fuerit publice ex parte noftra proclamari & ea quantum in te 
eft firmiter oblervari facias juxta tenorem eorundem. 

T. meipfo apud Weftm' prinvo die Julij anno regni noftri fecundo. 

AU parlement tenuz a AT the parliament holden at 

Weftm* le xxme jqur /i Weftminfter the twentieth 

d06tobr > Ian du regne del day of 'October, in the fecond year 

Roy Henry le fifme puis le of the reign of King Henry the 

conqueft fecond par avys & af- Sixth after the conquejl* by the ad- 

fcnt des feignurs efpirituelx & vice and ajfent of the lords fpiri- 

temporelx & a les efpeciales in- tual and\emporaU and at tbefpe- 

fiances & requeft des com- cial inflame and requtfl of the 

munes dEngleterre en mefme commons ^.England being in the 

le parlement efteantz certeinz fame parliament* certain ordinan- 

ordinances declarations & efta- ces* declarations* andflatutes were 

' tutz furent faitz & eftabliez al made and flahlijhed to the honour 

honour de Dicu & pur le bien of God, and for the wealth of the 

du Roy & de fon dit roialme en King and of his realm* in the form 

la forme enfuant. following. 

CAP. I. 

A confirmation of the liberties of the churchy and of all per- 
fons* cities* &c. 

ET primes qe feinteefglife & THIRST, That holy church, The liberties 
toutz les feignurs fpiritu- X 1 and all the lords' fpiritual ?^ e /Jl 1 ar ^ 1 
clx&r temporelx& toutz les au- and temporal, and all other ^andbol" 
tres lieges du Roy aiantz liber- the King's people,having liber- rough t con- 
tees .& fraunchifes &auxi toutz ties and franchifes, and alfo all firmed. ' 
les citees & burghs aient & en- the cities and boroughs, (hall 
joient toutz lour libertees & have and enjoy all their liber- 
fraunchifes ties 



yi Anno fecundo Henrici VL [1422, 

ties and franchifes well ufed, fraunchifes bien ufez & nient 
and not repealed, nor by the repellezne par la commune ley 
common law repealable. repellablez. 

CAR II. 

A remedy for the mafter, &c, of the hofpital of St. Leonard 
in York, to recover a throve of corn due to them* ice. 

The hofpital TTEM, whereas the hofpital of JTEM come lofpitall de feint 
of St. Leonard JL St. Leonard of York, which 



ky 01 *"? is of the foundation of tht > prog* 
endowed of a ./ / r . , J* ., r . v ? 

thraveof corn "* m jf "* fig ^ d [ b < **» 
of every • kite Kings 0/ England, chid of 
plough earing his patronage ', in the firft founda-* 
within the t \ on f the fame, was endowed, by 
Yrffoi tht Pd progenitors of the King, 
berland, of a throve of corn to be taken 
VTdimorX&nd, yearly of every plough earing with- 
•ndLancafter. ,„ fa count i es ,/York, Cumber- 
land, Weftmorland, and Lan- 
cafter , within the county ofYork, 
of which throve s the mafter and 
brethren of the faid hofpital, and 
their predecejfors have been feifed, 
the time whereof runneth no me- 
mory >, as parcel of the firft foun- 
dation of the faia hofpital, and the 
fame they have levied and gather- 
ed at the feaft of St. Martin in 
winter every year, till now late 
that divers people ofthefaid coun- 
ties, within the'provinceaforefaid, 
have withbolden the fame t braves, 
whereof the faid mafter and bre- 
thren nave nofufficient nor covena- 
bk remedy at the common law, to 
the great damage of the faid hof- 
pital, and open fubtraftion of the 
fuftenance if the faid mafter and 
brethren, if remedy be not for tbem 
provided, as complaint was there- 
of made in the faid parliament: 
(2) The King confidering the 
premifles, of the aflent and re- 
queft aforefaid, hath ordained 
and ftablithed, That the faid 
mafter and brethren, and their 
fucceflbrs for the time being, 
may levy, gather, and take the 
faia thraves within the province 
aforefaid, in the places where 

they 



The remedy 
which the 
matters of St. 
Leonard's 
bofpita! (haU 
have to reco- 
ver their du- 
ties. 



A Leonard dEverwyk qi eft 
de la fundation de les nobles 

f>rogenitours noftre dit feignur 
e Roy jadis Roys dEngleterro 
& de fon patronage en la pri- 
mere fundation dicell eftoit en- 
dowe par les ditz progenitours 
du Roy dun thrave des blees a 
prendre annuelment de chefcun 
charue arant deinz les countees 
dEverwyk Cumberland Weft- 
merF & Lancaftre deinz la pro- 
vince dEverwyk des quels 
thraves les maiftre & frers du 
dit hofpitall & lour predecef- 
fours ount efte feifez du temps 
dount memorie ne court come 
parcell de la primer fundation 
du dit hofpitall & icelles ount 

Sis levee & coillez al feft de 
int Martyn en yver chefcun 
an tanqe ore tarde que diverfes 
rentz <tez dkz countees deinz 
fa province fuifdite mefmes les 
thraves ount detenuz dount les 
ditz maiftre & frers nount re- 
medie fufficeant necovenafale a 
la commune ley a graunt ani- 
enteffement du dit hofpitall & 
overt fubtraftion del fufte- 
naunce des dkz maiftre & frers 
fi lour ne foit purveu de reme- 
die come de ceo fuit compleint 
en le dit parlement le Roy con- 
fidere les premifles del aflent & 
requeft avauntditz ad ordeine? 
& eftabliez qe les ditz maiftre 
& frers & lour fucceflburs pur 
le temps efteantz puiflent lever 
coiller & prendre les ditz thra- 
ves deinz le province fuifdite 
en les lieux ou U deventde 
droit 



1422.] Anno fccundo Henrici VI. 

droit & foloient folonc la cuf- they ought of right, and were 



79 



tume & ufage en mefmes les 
lieux euz pardevant. Et auxi 
qe mefme le meiftre & fes fuc- 
ceflburs pur le temps efteantz 
aient de temps en temps action 
par briefs ou pleintz de dette 
ou de detenu a lour plefir en- 
vers toutz ceux & chefcun de 
eux qi mefmes les thraves enfi 
de droit au dit hofpitall duez 
detiegnent ou afcun partie di- 
cell pur recovercr devers eux & 
chefcun deux les ditz thraves 
ovec lour damages enz cell 
partie. 

Purveu toutz foitz qe les par- 
ties ovec queux les ditz meiftre 
& frers ou lour predeceflburs 
font accordez pur tielx thraves 
par compofitions cntre euxfaitz 
& enfealez ne foient chargez 
de pluis qe neft compris en 
mefmes les compofitions pur 
les pofleffions qe les ditz parti- 
es avoient al temps del fefance 
des compofitions avauntditz. 



wont, after f the cuftom and 
ufage had in the fame places 
heretofore, (3) And alto that 
the fame mafters and fucceflbrs 
for the time being (hall from 
time to time have actions by 
writs or plaints of debtor deti- 
nue at their pleafure, againft 
all them and every of them 
that detain the fame thraves fo 
of right due to the faid hofpital, 
or any part of them, to reco- 
ver the faid thraves againft 
them, and every of them, with 
their damages in this behalf. 

II. Provided always, That 
the parties with whom the faid 
mafter and brethren, or their 
predeceflbrs, be accorded for 
riich thraves by compofitions 
made and fealed betwixt them, 
(hall of no more be chatged 
than is comprifed within the 
fame compofitions for the pof- 
feflions that the laid parties had 
at the time of the making of 
the aforefaid compofitions. 

CAP. III. 
John duke ^Bedford, being in the Kings fervice in France, 
Jbatt be received to defend bis right by attorney. 

ITEM, it is ordained and aflented, That J$hn duke of Bedford, 
uncte to our fovercign lord the King, which is beyond the 
fea in the parts of France in the King's fervice, in all manner of 
pleas moved and to be moved againft any perfon or perfons of 
lands and tenements, the reverfion or remainder whereof is to 
the (aid duke joint or feveral to his own ufe, he (hall be by his 
attorney or attorneys received to defend his right. And in the 
fame manner (hall have and enjoy all manner benefits and advan- 
tages, as if he were prefent in his proper perfon. And that this 
ordinance extend as well to receipts of reverfions and remainders, 
to be purchafed and gotten to the (aid duke jointly or feverally 
to hisownute, as to receipts of reverfions and remainders, whicn 
he now hath, as long as he (hall be in the King' fervice beyond 
the fea. 



A remedy for 
the proprie- 
tors which 
have com* 
pounded with 
the mafter 
and brethren. 



Ex cdit.Raft. 



Attorney* 



CAP. 



8o 



Anno fccundo HENRICI VL 



[1422. 



Staple. 



Calais. 



Berwick. 



Merchandise 
or' the ftaple. 



Shoten tin. 



CAP. IV. 

M mercbandifes of the ftaple paffing out 0/ England, Wales, 
and Ireland, Jhall be carried to Calais, fo long as tbe fta- 
ple is at Calais. 

ITEM, whereas the noble King Edward the Third did ordain 
his ftaple to be at Calais, and that the whole repair of wools, 
woolfels, leather, lead, tin, butter, chcefe, and other merchan- 
dife, except woolen cloths, and red herring paffing out of the 
realm of England, and his lands dl Wales and Inland, and bis 
town of Berwick upon Tweed, (hould be at the faid town of Ca- 
lais. And after at a parliament holden in the firft year of King 
Henry the Fourth it was ordained, That the ftaple of wools, 
woolfels, leather, lead, and tin, (hould be wholly at Calais: fa- 
ring that merchants of Genoa, Vetnce,Catalonia,Arragon, and other 
realms, lands and countries,towards the weft,being of the King's 
amity, may (hip at Hampton in carraks, (hips, galleys, and 
other veflels, wools, woolfels, leather, lead, tin, and other mer- 
chandifes of the ftaple, and brine them into their country to- 
wards the weft, after the form of the ftatute thereof made in the 
fecond year of King Richard the Second after the conqueft. 
And alfo faving to the burgefles and merchants of Berwick upon 
Tweed certain benefits to bring the wools of the growing between 
the waters of Tweed and Cocket, to the faid place of Berwhk, and 
and to (hip them towards what parts it (hall pleafe them beyond 
tjie fea. And alfo whereas the faid (htutes in the parliament 
holden at Wejlminjter in the fecond year of the reign of King 
Henry the Fifth, rather to our fovereign lord the King that now 
is, were confirmed, and moreover it was ordained in the fame 
parliament, That no wools, woolfels, leather, lead, tin, whole 
or founded, called fhoten tin, nor none other merchandise of 
the ftaple whatfocver itwere, (hould from henceforth be fent qr 
brought to any parts beyond the fea, except they were firft carried 
to the faid ftaple, after the form of the faid ordinance made the 
faid firft year, upon pain of forfeiture of all the merchandifes in 
fuch manner fent or brought out of the faid realm, unlefs it be 
by the King's licence. And except allperfons, goods, and things 
which be excepted in the fame ordinance, made the firft year, as 
in the faid ftatutes is more fully contained. Neverthelefs, the 
leather, and founded tin, called fhoten tin, bought 
and provided here in England, have not been brought to 
the faid ftaple of Calais, after the form of the faid ftatutes, but 
doth pafs into Flanders, Holland and Zealand, to the great da- 
mage and diminifhing of the cuftoms and fubfidies due to the 
King, if they were brought to the town of Calais. The King 
willing to elchew the damage and diminution, bythe advice 
and requeft aforefaid, hath ordained and eftablifhed, That all the 
ftatutes thereof made and not repealed, be holden and kept, and 
put in due execution. And that the whole repair ot wools, 
woolfels, leather, lead, whole tin, and fhoten tin, and all other 

mcr- 



1 42 3.] Anno fccundo HBNRrci VI. 8* 

merchandifes pertaining to the ftaple* patting out of the realm * 
of England^ and of the countries 01 Wales 21m Ireland, be at the 
faid place of Calais, and at none other place beyond the fca, as 
long as the faid ftaple (hall be at Calais, upon pain of fcrfeiturcr 
of the very value of the merchandises, which mall pafs elfewhere 
but to the parts towards the weft, named in the faid ftatutes ' 
thereof made. And that no licence from henceforth be granted 
to the contrary : except for wods, fells, and leather of North- Merchant*, 
umberland, IVefhnorelandy Cumber/and, and the bifhoprick of 
Durham, faving the King's prerogative. Provided always, That 
if any merchants under colour of any licence (hip any wools of 
of the growing of any part of Xorkjbire, or of any other country 
of the realm, except of the growing of the Tame parts of Nor- 
thumberland, Wejlmorekmd, Cumberland, and the bifhoprick of 
Durham, they (hall forfeit to the King the value of all the wools ' 
fo (hiped, ana alfo they (hall lofe the benefit of the fame licence. 
And he that the fame efpieth, and thereof siveth knowledge to 
the freafurer of England for the time being, mail have the fourth 
part of the forfeiture fo by him notified, 

CAP. V. 

The penalty if any carry wools or falls m* atfomed out of the 
realm io anyplace, Javing to Calais. 

ITEM, becaufe that a new Shipping is found in the pille of 
Foddray in the county of Lancafier, out of which pille and 
other creeks within the realm much wools be brought to Erne- 
mouth in Zealand, and to many other places beyond the fea, with- 
out cuftom or fubfidy thereof duly paying to the King, and the 
merchants come to Dublin in Ireland, and there take their cock- 
ets, and pay for every ftone of wool to their proper ufc ij.d. as 
the King hath been thereof credibly informed in the faid par- 
liament, to the King's great deceit and fraud : it is ordained and 
eftabliihed, That if any perfon bring or caufe to be brought any 
wools or wooltels not cuftomed out of the. realm, to other places Cuftom, 
than to the faid ftaple, he (hall forfeit to the King the value of Staple. * 
the merchandifes fo (hipped, and his body to prifon, till he hath 
made and paid a fine and ranfom. And that he that thereof 
giveth knowledge to the treafurer of England Tor the time being, 
and the trefpafler for the fame duly convift, (hall have the 
fourth part of the forfeiture due to the Kingin this behalf. 

CAP. VI. 
For what caufes only gold or ftlver maybe carried out of the 

realm. 

ITEM come par le Roy Henry TTEM,wW<w bf KingHmry A confirmati. 

le quint pier a noftre feignur JL the Fifth, fathmr to our lord on °O hc fl *~ 

le Roy qoreft eftoit ordeignqz the King that now is, it was or- c^Aat^the* 

qe un mynt dor & dargent fer- dained, That a mint of gold and mint (hall bf 

roit tenuz dedeins fa ville de ftlver Jhould be holden within the at Calais. 

CaJeys par 4a quell graunde town of Calais, whereby great 

fubftaunce de monoie dor & fubflanceof money of gold and ftl- 
V01. III. dargent G vtr 



8a 



Anno fecundo Henrici VI. 



No gold or 
fdver (hall be 
carried forth 
of the realm, 
but for the 
caufes herein 
excepted. 
9"Ed.3.ftat.a. 
c.i. 

5 R.*.ftat.i. 
C.a. 

»H.a. c.5. 
lygd^ci* 



ver bath been brought within the 
realm* (2) which money by divers 
perfons hath been* and is daily* 
ferried out of the fame to Bour- 
deaux, Flanders, and other places, 
Ogainfi the Jiatute in old times 
made and provided in tins behalf* 
as hath been grievoufiy complained 
in this parliament* (3) it is or- 
dained and aflented, That the) 
fame ftatute be holdenand kept, 
and put in due execution. (4) 
And moreover it is ordained 
anii eftablilhed, That no gold 
nor (Over (hall be carried out 
of the realm contrary to the 
faid ftatute, unlet it be for j»y- 
ment of wars, and the King's 
foldiers beyond the fea, upon 
pain of forfeiture of the value 
of the fum of money fo carried 
out of the realm, to be levied 
of him that fhajl brine, carry, 
or fend it out of the fame 
realm : (5) and that He which 
efpieth it, and thereof giveth 
knowledge to the CQunciL or 
to the treafurer of England* 
(hall have the 'fourth part of 
the forfeiture fo due to the 
iCine, (6) except the ranfoms 
for fines of Englijb prisoners 
taken and to be taken beyond 
the fea, and the money that the 
foldiers (hall carry with them 
for their reafonable cofts, (7) 
and alfo for horfes, oxen, fheep, 
and other things bought in 
Scotland* to be fent and carried 
to the parties adjoining; (8) 
fo that the money to be fent 
for the fines of the faid prifon- 
ers, or to be carried by the 
faid foldiers to the parties be- 
yond the fea, be not doncwith- 
out the King's fpecial licence., 
(9) And becaufe it is fuppofed 

ry no fold out realm is carried out of the fame 
of the realm, by merchants aliens, it is or- 
dained and ftablifhed, That 

the 



Merchants a< 
liens (hall be 



dargent ad efte apportez deinz 
le roialme la quelle monoie par 
diverfes perfones ad efte & eft 
de jour en autre afportez hors 
dicell a Burdeaux & Flaundres 
& aillours encontre leftatut fait 
& purveux celle partie daun- 
ciene temps come de ceo ad 
eftee grevoufement compleint 
en ceft parlement ordinez eft tc 
aflentuz qe melme leftatut foit 
tenuz & garde* & mys en due 
execution. Et en outre ordi- 
nez eft & eftablcz qe null or 
ou argent foit afportez hors dq 
roialme au contrarie du dit e- 
ftatut fil ne foit pur paiement 
des guerres & foudiours du Roy 
de pardela fur paine de forfei- 
ture de la value de la fomme 
del monoie qenfi foit apportez 
hors de roialme deftre levee de 
celuy qi la mefnera afportera 
ou envoiera hors dicell & qe 
celluy qi lefpiera & ferra ent 
notice au confeill ou au treforer 
dEngleterre avera la quart par- 
tie de la forfeiture enfy duez 
au Roy forfpris les raunceons 
pur finaunce des prifoners En- 
glois prifez & apprendrcs de 
pardela & la monoie qe lea 
foudeours emporterount ovec 
cux pur lour refonables cofta- 
ges ic auxi pur chivalx boefs 
berbeis & autres chofes accha- 
tez en Efcoce apporterez ou 
amefnerez as parties adjoin- 
antz iffint qe la monoie a en- 
voier pur finance des ditz pri- 
foners ou a emporter par les 
ditz foudeours as parties de 
pardela ne foit fait fanz efpe- 
ciale licence du Roy. Et pur 
ceo qil eft fqppofez qe la mo- 
noie & lor du roialme eft afpor* 
tez hors dicell par merchauntz 
aliens ordeinez eft & eftabliez 
qe les merchantz aliens trovent 
feurtee en la chauncerie chef- 
cune compajgnie pur ccux de 

fa 



142 3- J A 11110 fccundo Henrici VL +frj 

fa compaigne qe null deux na- the merchants aliens (hall find 

mefnera hors du roialme null furety in the chancery, every 

or nargent contre la forme du company for them of their 

dit eftatut fur la peine de for- company, that none of them 

faiture dicell or ou argent ou (hall carry out of the realm any 

de la value dicell & fi afcun de gold or filver againft the form 

eux face le contrarie & ceo of the faid ftatute, upon pain 

duement provez & celuy enfy of forfeiture of the fame gold 

fefaunt foit alez outre le meer or filver, or the value of the 

adonqes les plegges de la com- fame j ( 10) and if any of them 

paigne paierount au Roy la for- do the contrary, and that duly 

faiture fuifdite dont celfy qi la- proved, and he fo doing be 

vera efpiez & le done a conu- gone over the fea, then the 

Are au treforer ou a confeill du pledges of his company (hall 

Roy avera la quart partie come pay to the King the faid for- 

defuis. feiture, whereof he that (hall 

efpy it, and thereof give notice 
to the treafurer, or to the King's council, (hall have the fourth 
part as is aforefaid. 

CAP- VII. 

The penalty of a cordwainer ufing the myftery of a tanner. 

ITEM, becaufe that the leather tanned by cordwainers, ufing Ex edit. Y%\* 
the myftery of tanners, and alfo much of the leather tanned Cordwainers. 
fcy the tanners, is fo deceitfully tanned, that the boots, fhoes, T^ 11 *™- 
and other neceflaries thereof made, be in a ftnall feafon wafted 
and deftroyed, becaufe of the evil tanning of the faid leather, tp Leather. 
the great deceit and lofs of the commonalty of the realm : it is 
ordained and eftablifhed, That if any cordwainer dwelling in 
the realm of England, ufe the myftery of tanner, during the time 
that he ufeth the myftery of cordwainer, that he (halFforfeit to 
the King for every hide by him, or by any other, to his ufe 
Canned vi. s. viii. d. And that if the cordwainers find any no- 
torious default in the leather, tanned by the faid tanners, or to 
be tanned, that the tanner of the fame leather fo defe&ive, (hall 
forfeit to the King in the feme manner for every hide fo defective 
vi.s. viii.d. And that he that will fue (hall have the one half 
for his labour, and the King the other half. And that the 
juftices of the one bench and of the other, juftices of affifes, justices e£ 
juftices of peace, the juftices of CbefterztiA Lcncqfier, and mayors pwc 
of cities and boroughs, having power as juftices of peace, mall 
have power to enquire, hear and determine the articles and 
matters aforefaid, as well at the King's fuit, as the parties, or to 
attaint them by examination, as well at the fuit of the King as 
of the party, by the difcretion of the juftices and mayors afore- R E1 - ir 
(aid. Ana that this ordinance and ftatute begin to hold place c .s:&ijac.!. 
pod be pqt in execution at the feaft of Chrijtmas next coming. c.*». 



C% CAP, 



8+ Anno fcojndo He^^ici VI. 1*4* fr 

CAP. VIII, 

Iriflimen rcforting into the realm* Jhall put infuretyfor 

their good abearing. 

Ex edit. Pult. T TEM, whereas it is ordaiped in the lad parliament an^ongft 
jH. 6.C.3. X other things, That ajl peoolc born in Ireland* (hall depart 
out of the realm within a month next after proclamation made 
pf the laid ordinance, upon paitj tQ lofe their goods, and to be 
imprifoned at the King's will, except certain perfons in the 
fame ordinance excepted, (2) and that the graduates and bene- 
ficed-men fhould find furety of their good abearing, that they 
ihould not take upon them the principality of any hajl or hoftel, 
but to remain amongft other Englijb fcholars under the princi- 
pality of other, (3) and alb thofe Scholars of Ireland that be not 
graduates, and be of the King's obeifance, (hall find furety of 
their good abearing in the maimer as the faid graduates (hall do 
in the form afbrefaid. (4) And that all the fcholars of Ireland 
being elfewheie \n England* that will here abide, (hall bring 
every of them by himfelf to the chancellor of England for the 
time being, before the feaft of St. John Baptifl laft pad, letters 
under the feal of the lieutenant or juftices of Ireland* witnefling 
that they be of the King's obeifance. (5) And that all of them 
" that bring not thofe letters before the feaft of St. John* it (hall 

be done as of rebels to the King. (6) Aqd from this fpaft qf 
St. John forward, no perfon born in Ireland* (hall enter the realm 
of England to abide in the univerfity of Oxford or Cambridge* or 
elfewhere within the realm of 'England* unlefs he bring to thf 
faid chancellor fuch letters teftimoqial, upon pain Ho be punifhed 
as rebels to the King. 

II. And forafmuch as in the faid ordinance no mention yrap 

made, before whom nor in what manner the furety of good 

abearing as before, (hall be found : it is ordained and eftab{i(he^, 

That the chancellors of the univerfities of Oxford and Cambridge 

for the time being, every of them within his juri&ii&ion, fhaJl 

Who Jhall take take the fureties to be taken of fcholars within the fame univer- 

fureties of j&tiesj and certify the fame intp the King's chancery. (2) And 

iliU refonin^ that thp juftices of peace within the counties, and mayors and 

to t|ierea)pt~ bailiffs Within cities and boroughs enfranchifed, have power to 

sccoftHhg to take before tnegi fuch manner of furety of good abearing, and 

the ftatuttof to do execution iipofi them which (half abide, or do againft die 

1 H. 6. c.3. ^j ordinal f ro pj henceforth. 

CAP. IX. 

Tie money called blanks jhall be wholly put out. 

ITEM, it is ordaiped, That proclamation be made through 
all the counties of England within franchifes ant) without, 
The tnoAtr arid within cities, towns, boroughs, and' elfewhere, that all the 
** il n£! >1 */ 1 if money called blanks (hall be whQlFv out and voided out of the 

put wuT realin bcforc the fcaft of St - J^ n '&**& ncxt coming. And 
moreover thaA no man after die fa/id feaft pay or receive for pay* 

ment 



j Anno fecuhdo HfiftftiCi Vl. 8$ 

in any manner within the faid realm, the faid money 

blanks, upon the pain contained and ordained by a ftatute 

the third year of King Henry, father to our lord the l£ing, 

t all that pay or receive for payment the money called , j n ft. 91 . 

halfpence, fufkin, and dotkifts within the realm. St. 3. H.5. ca. 

tihy bn dealtful workers of gold andjttver embroidery. 
M pur ceo qe diverfes defames font trovcz en foycraigne Thefe articles 
diverfes perfbns occupuintz le miftier dc brouderie ordei- *"* PT n !^ 
ft ic affentuz qe tout loveraigne & fluff de broMderie dor ^y ^j^, 
rgent de cipre ou dor deLuke inellee ovee lafon de Spayne 
& a Vent en deceit des lieges du Roi (bit forfeit au Roy ou 
gnurs & autres aiantz fraunchifes dautielx for£uturs ein 
anchife autiel overaigne foit trovee. Et durera Cvft or- 
ice tanqe al parlement procheinment avenir; 

rning the reverfal of outlawries pronounced again]} 

perfons tvbifft abroad in the King's feririce. 
M ordeinez eft & aflentuz <je fi afcun utlagarie fur afcun 
«*itne efteaurit hors du rolalme en te fervice. de Rby ovec 
efixtts ou defoubz afcun capitiin foit pronuncifc ic (or ceo 
f ou le capitain inorege devant oe tielz utlaeari^z foient 
et & la prfrtie qe purfue de teverfer afcuhe tie! utlagarie & 
fufdit voet allegger fon capitain deftrt mort qe adonqs fa 
sure al temps des ditz utlagaries foit certifiez par Its exe- 
rt eu miniftrours des tielx iapitains ou clerkes de lours 
res ou afcun autre notable perfone folonc la discretion deS 
s en ihefme le manere come le capitain ceo deuft avoir cer- 
fi] feuffe en vie purveux toutfoitz qe ldverrement foit receil 
oftre feignur le Roy qe lc captain eft en plein vie & auxi qe 
tie feuft en Engleterre en temps de tielx utlagaries pronttn- 
! avant come ad efte fait devant ces heurs en cas qe le capi- 
aift en plein vie. Et durera ceft ordenance tanqe al par* 
it profcheinment avenir. 

iujiices /ball inquire into and remove certain nuifances 

on the Thames. 
IM pur ceo qe deu ferche & corrc&ion neft pas fait en 
awe de Thamife dehors les boundes de bf frauftchife de 
dres en les countes de Suit* Kent & Eflex plbufours mef- 
ore tafrde ount eftee faitz de tieftru&ioh des gent? niefs 
rehandifes & frie de peflon par les weres kyddles & trunkes 
:antz noefantz ordeinez eft & .aflentuz qe feveralx commit 
foient faitz as juftices de pees des ditz counter pur le temps 
itz denquerrer des tieux noifantz dehors la dite friunchtfe 
mdres fi fovent come bofoigne foit & de certifier de temps 
nps en le bank le Roy Ceo qeot ferra troVee par les inqui- 
1 enfi affairs & facent les juftices de dit banke Ait les dita 
ications autielx procefles envers eux qenfi ferropt trovez 
iftburs come lour meutx femblera par la ley & facent eux 
ever louranoeCuitz enfy faitz falvez a chefcun fon .droit & 
:n les weres kydelx ic trynketf avauntditz. Et durera celie 
aunce tanqe al parlement profcheinment avenir, -\ **&> «• *5* 

fi 3 *\CAP* 



96 



Anno fccundo Henrici VI. 



[1413. 



go- 
the 



appointed in 
the King's 
courts by fu- 
pcrior officers. 



CAP. X. 

What manner of inferior officers Jh all he appointed in the 

Kings courts. 

TEM, to the intent that TTEM al entent qe le plui» 

X bone & feure governaunce 
(bit euz dedeins les courtes 
noftre feignur le Roy a fon 
profit & al eafe de fon poeple 
qont a purfuer & affaire en y- 
cdles ordeinez eft & eftabliz qe 
toutz les officers faitz par let- 
tres patentz roialx deins les 
ditz courtes qont poiar & auc- 



T 

JL better and more fure 

vernment be had within 

courts of our lord the King;, 

for his profit, and eafe of his 

. people, which have to purfue 

*nd to do in the fam€ ; it is or- 

What manner dained and ftablifhed, That all 

of inferior o- the officers made by the King's 

fficersfhall be letters patents royal within the 



4l»ft. 114. 



faid courts, whicn have power . torite par venue de lour office 
and authority* by virtue of dauncien temps accuftumes de 
'* ' - of old - 



their offices of old times ac- 
cliftomed, to appoint clerks 
and minifters within the fame 
courts, (hall be charged and 
fworn to appoint fuch clerks 
and miniftcrs, for whom they 
will anfwer at their peril, whicn 
Be fuffitient, faithful, and at- 
tending to that which pertain- 
eth to them in performance of 
the bufinefs, as well of the 



faire clercs & miniftres deins 
mefmes les courtes foient char- 
gez & jurrez de faire tielx 
ckres & miniftres pur qels ib 
voillent refpoundre a lour pe- 
rill qi foient fufficeantz foialx 
& entendantz a ceo qe a eux 
appertient au efploit fibien de 
les bofoignes du Roy come de 
fon poepkr 



King as of his people 

CAP. XL 

The fever al meafures of veffeU of wine y eels, herrings w 

and fa/mans. 

TTEM, whereas in old time it TTEM combien qen auncieti 



was ordained and lawfully 
ufed, That tuns* pipes, tertians, 
hogsheads of Gafcoigne wine, 
barrels of herring and of eels, and 
butts offalmon, coming iy way of 
merchandife into this land out of 



X temps fuift ordeinez & loi- 
almcnt ufez qe toneux pipes 
tercians hoggefhedes de vyn de 
Gafcoigne bardies de harank 
& danguilles & buttes de famon 
veignant par voie de merchan- 



Jlrange countries, and alfo made dife en ceft terre hors des e- 
in the fame land, Jbould be of cer- ftraunges pais & auxi faitz en 



tain nuafure ; thai is to fay, The 
tun of wine CC lii. gallons, the 
pipe C xxvi. gallons, the tertian 
lxxxiv. gallons, the hogshead lxiii. 
gallons, the barrel of herring and 
of eets xxx. gallons fully packed, 
the butt offalmon lxxxiv, gallons 
fully packed', neverthelefs, by de- 
vice and fubtilty now late fuch 



mefme la terre ferroient de cer- 
tein mefure ceftaffavoir le to- 
nell de vyn de 3 & xii galons 
le pipe de If & vi galons la ter- 
tian de 21 & iiii galons le hog- 
gefhede de lxiii galons le barell 
de harank & danguilles de xspt 

Elons pleinement pakkez le 
itte de famon dejg & iiij ga- - 



vejfels have been of much Ufsmea- Ions pleinement pakkez nient- 
fure, to the great deceit anijefs lemainsparymaginatura & fub- 

of tilite 



;.] Anno fecurido Henrici VI. ' Sjr 

ount jatard eftee faitz of the King and ef his people, 
vefleux de pluis petite 
-c a graunde perde & de- 
iu Roy & de fon poeple 
: en cede parlement fuift 
efpecialment de rcmedie 
: ordeinez & eftablez qe 
lomme apres le fyn de xii 
le fed dePafque profchein 
r profcheinement cnfu- 
apporte en le royallne 
leterre de qel paiis qe ceo 
jfacedeins mefme leroy- 
tonell de vyn fit ne con- 
: del mefure dEngleterre 
jjgalonslepipey, vj ga- 
te enfy folonc latferaunt 
aan & le hoggefhede de 
e Gafcoigne iur peine de 
lire de mefme le vyn ne 
I de harank ne danguilles 
? conteignent xxx galons 
ment pakkez ne butte de 
n fil ne conteignej; & iiij 
\ pleinement pakkez ne 
rkyns tercians & ferde- 
de harank ne danguilles 
famon fbrfqe folonc laf- 
it pleinement pakkez puis 
k de Nativitee de Seint 
1 le Baptiftre pfofchein a- 
fur peyne de torfaiture de 
rank anguilles & famon 
tditz enfy apportez ou 
iu contrarie de ceft ordi- 
e en quell citee burgh ic 
lu royalme ou en afcune 
dEngleterre qe tieux de- 
. foient trovez au feignur 
fme la ville & qe celluy qi 
ier & prober les ditz de- 
avera la quart partie de 
e la forfeiture. Et qe les 
s du pees en toutz les 
58 dEngleterre mairs & 
1 aiantz poair denquerer 
ax enquergeroient & ter- 
ittoutziceuxdefautz. Et 
: ordeignaunce foi extende 
force fibien dedeins le 
sedeCeftre come aiUours. 

6 <?4 CAP* 



wberetfjpecial remedy was prayed 
in the parliament \ (2) k is or-T^nKaim'* 
dained and ftablilhed, That no J^S'Sd 
man, after the end of twelve ^f abajUi of. 
months from the feaftof Eajler eeli, herrings*] 
next coming, (hall bring mtt *&d tytia&tm* 
the realm of England>from what- 
country foever it be, nor make 
within the fame realm, a tun 
of wine, except it contain of 
the Englijb meafure CC lii. gal* 
lons* the pipe C xxvi. gallons, 
and fo after the rate the tertian 
and the hogfhead of Gafcoigtt 
wine, upon pain of forfeiture 
of the lame wine ; (3) nor 
barrel of herring, nor of eels* 
unkfs they contain xxx. gal- 
lons fully packed ; nor butt of 
fal mon,unlefs it contain Ixxxiv; 

Saltans fully packed 1 nor kin- 
erkins, tertians, *nd firkins of' 
herring, nor of eels, nor of 
ralmon, but after the rate fully 
packed, after the feaft of the 
Nativity of St. John the Baptifl 
next coming, upon pain of for- 
feiture of the find herring* 
eels, and falinon, fo brought 
or made contrary to this ordi-* 
nance, in what city, borough^ 
and town of the realm, or id 
any part of England, that fuch 
defaults be found, to the lord 
of the fame town? (a) and 
that he which will fue ana prove 
the faid defaults, (hall have the 
fourth part of the fame forfei- 
ture, ( $) And the juftices of 
peace in all the counties of 
England^ and tnayofs and bai- 
liffs, having power to inquire 
of the peace, fhalj inquire, 
hear, and determine all the 
fame defaults- (6} And that 
this ordinance extend and have t % fi.tf. c .*7* 
ftrength, as well within the 1R.3c.r3. 
county oifC*0?/r, as elfewhere,. »*H.«. *i4# 



88. 



Anao fccuflcfer Hbnbigi VL 



[14*3- 



C A P. XII. 

The cffic* and duly of the Kings iffijer, centrolloitr, and 

mafier of tu mint. 

ITEM a kment qe le plui* 
greindre bullion puiffe eftrc 
apportc a le myntc Ac le grendre 
plente de blank money eftrc 
taitz &c currant deinz le roialme 
pur le aife & profit du com- 
munalte dicelle ordeinez eft & 
cftabliz qe le maiftre del mynt 
garde fon allaie en la fefance 
de la blank monoie folonc la 
forme de fa indenture et 
mefme le meiftre rcfceive 
cbefcun homqie qi portera af- 
cun argent a la mynt mefine 
Urgent a la verroie value come 
il vaut folonc meime lallaie fur 
peine de paier le double da- 
mage a la panic Et auxi al 
entent qe ceft ordeignance pu- 
iffe le meulx & pluis joufte- 
ment cftre gardez ordeinez eft 
qe laflfaiour du Roy qi eft per- 
fone indifferent parentre le mai- 
ftre del mynt & le merchant 
ti auxi le countrollour del mynt 
foient prefentez qant afcun ticle 
bullion dargent foit portc a le 
mynte a lentent qe le dit af- 
faiour puis droitement mettre 
le value . dicell folonc lallaie 
en cas del variaunce parentre 
le maiftre et le merchant et le 
countroullour a countrouller fi- 
bien largent qeft apportez en 
la dit mynt come afportez hors 
dicell chefcun deux jurrez de 
faire foialment & endefferent- 
ment lour devoir (anz afcun 
regarde prendre autre qe le 
fee qils preignont du Roy fur 
la peine de paier double da- 
mage com defuis et qe ceux 
affaiour & countroullour foientz 
vaillaintz crediblez & expertz 
perfones aiantz notoier fciencc 
en lc miftier dorfeour & de 
mynt. 



•Aentoferof TTEM, to the intent that 
SkSSS * the nifr« bullion may be 
in making i »*™g&t to the mint, and the 
white money, mater plenty pf white money 
be made an* Current within 
the realm, fortheeafe and pro- 
fit of the commonalty of the 
fame, it is ordained and fta- 
bliflied, That the mafter of the 
mint (hall keep his allay in the 
making of white money ac- 
cording to the form of his in- 
denture; (2) and that the (ame 
mafter receive of every perfon, 
that (hall bring any filver to 
the mint, the fame money at 
the true value as it is worth ac- 
cording to the (ame allay, up- 
on pain to pay to the party his 
double damages, ( 3) Ana alfo 
to the intent that this ordi- 
nance may the better and more 
juftlybe obferved, it is ordain- 
ed, That the King's affayer, 
which is a perfon indifferent 
betwixt the mafter of the mint 
and the merchant, and alfo 
the controller of the mint, (hall 
be prefent when any fuch bul- 
lion of filver is brought to the 
mint, to the intent that the 
The office and laid aflayer may rightfully fet 
duty of the the value of the fame accord- 

1 S&^ST r in 8 to the ,aw > in cafc of va- 
01 cue nun . Tiance be tw i x j t h c mafter and 

the merchant j and the con- 
troller to controul as well filver 
that is brought to the faid mint, 
as carr.ed out of the fame, 
.every two days faithfully and 
indifferently to do their duty, 
without taking any reward 
other than the fee which they 
lhkll take of the King, upon 
pain to yield double damages, 
as afore is faid ; (4} and that 

the 



j.] Anno fccundo Henrici VI. tf 

t* Et auxi qe le maiftre the aflayer and controller be 



oynt ne le chaungeour pur 
mps efteant vende ne race 
lie ne aliene a null autre 

fbrfqe a le coigne null 
er dor ne dargent overe ou 
t overee coignee ou nient 
nee ou bullion qeft portez 
mynt ou a lefchaunge mes 

applie toutfbulment a le 
ioie folonc la forme de ten- 
ure avantdite fur la peine 
muz en mefme lenden- 
• Et qe mefme le maiftre 
mynt face ferire de temps 
jinps demy nobles-ferlynges 
groflfes demy grofles deniers 
st & ferlinges pur le aife 
poeple folonc le tenour del 

cadenture fait parentre le 
> it luy fur la peine conte- 

en ycell ifllnt qe le com- 
ic poeple puis avoir recours 
sfchaunge pur petit or St 
ike monoie come ils refbn- 
mcnt bofbigneront. 



credible^ fubftantial, and ex- 

|>ert men, having perfect know- 
edge in the myftery of gold- 
fmiths, and of the mint. (5) 
And alfo that neither the ma- 
iler of the mint, nor the ex- 
changer for the time being, 
fell, nor caufe to be fold, nor 
aliene to any other ufe byt to 
the coin, no manner of -gold 
nor of filver wrought or un- 
wrought, coined or not coined, 
or bullion which is brought to 
the mint, or to the exchange, 
but apply the fame only to the 
money, according to tne form 
of the (aid indenture, upon the 
pain contained in the fame in- 
denture. (6) And that the 
fame mafter of the mint caufe 
to be ftricken, from time to 
time, half-nobles, farthings of 

gold, groats, half-groats, pence, 
alf-pence, and farthings, for 
the eafe of the people, accord* 



The office of 
the controller 
of the mint. 
The mafter of 
the mint (hall 
convert into 
coin all tilt 
gold and fil- 
ver which he 
(hall receive. 
The mafter of 
the mint mall 
make (hull 
money. 



ing to the tenor of the inden- 
? made betwixt the King and him, upon the pain con- 
ed in the lame, fo that die common people may have re- 
rfc to the exchange for fmaU gold and white money, 
hey rcafonably (hall need. 

CAP. XIII. 
The price of a pound ef filver in plate, piece, or mafs. 
TEM, forafinuch as great fcarcity of white money is with- ExeditRaftal. 
in the realm, becaufe that filver is bought and fold not gjjj^ 
led, at the price of xxxij. s. the pound of Troy, whereas 
fame pound is no more of value at the coin than xxxij. s. 
ated for the coinage twelve pence) it is ordained and efta- 
hed, for the increafe of white money, That no man, of 
it eftate or condition that he be within the realm, fhall buy or 
no filver in plate, piece, nor in mafle, being as good of allay 
he fterling, above thirty (hillings the pound of Troy, over 
fafhion, upon the pain of forfeiture of the double value of as 
ch as he buveth or felleth contrary to this ordinance. And 
t the one half be forfeited to the King's ufe, and the other half 
he ufe of him that will fue and prove the fame forfeiture. Pro- Mafter of the 
fed always, That they which go to the coin, may have and niint. 
e of the mafter of the fame coin, according as is lawfully 
itained in the indentures thereof made betwixt the King 
[ him. And alfo the mafter of the laid mint; for the tftxiw 

being, 



9° 



Repttijaci. 
Cst. 



Anno fecundo Henxici VL * [ 1 41^ 

bring, may take and deliver as is contained in the faid inden- 
tures without taking more for the eafe and profit of the com- 
mon people. 

CAP. XIV. 

The fiftenefs if bardnefs of fifocr^ and the marks with 

which itjball be marked. 



None (hill fen 
any work of 
filter, unlefs it 
beasnne as 
thefterlingt 



nor until it be 
touched, and 
marked with 
the gold- 
frames known 
mark. 



Tnepenaltyon 
the Keeper of 
the touch, 
who toucbetb 
any veflel not 
fumcient in 
allay. 



Several cities 
and towns 
(hallhavefeve- 
ral touches. 



ITEM* That no goldfmith, 
nor worker of filver within 
the city of London, fell any 
workmanship of filver, unleu 
it be at fine as the fterling, ex- 
cept the fame need folder in 
the making, which (hall be al- 
lowed according as the folder 
is neceflarytto be wrought in 
the fame. (2) And that no 
goldfmith nor jeweller, nor 
any other that worketh harnefs 
of filver, (hall fet any of the 
fame to fell within the city, be- 
fore that it be touched with the 
touch 0/ the leopard's bead* if 
it may reaftnablj bear the fame 
touch * ] and alfo with the mark 
or fign of the workman of the 
fame, upon pain of forfeiture 
of the double, as afore is faid ; 
and that the mark and fign 
of every goldfmith be known to 
the wardens of the fame craft. 
(3) And if it may be found, 
that the faid keeper of the touch 
touch any fuch harnefs with 
the) leopard's head, except it 
be as fine in allay as the fterling, 
that then the keeper of the 
touch for every thing fo proved 
not as good in allay as the (aid 
fterling, (hall forfeit the double 
value to the King and to the 
party, as is above recited. (4) 
Ana alfo it is likewife ordained 
in the city of Terk 9 Newcaflle 
upon Ttnt % Lincoln* Norwich, 
BriftoU Salijburyy and Coventry ■, 
that every one (hall have divers 
touches, according to the or- 
dinance of the mayors, bailiffs; 

or 



ITEM qe null orfeour ne 
overour dargent deinx la 
citee de Loundres vende null 
overaigne dargent fil ne foit 
auxi fynecome le fterlyng for- 
fpris ceo qe btrfbigne foudure 
en la fcfance le quell foit alowe 
folonc ceo qe la foudour foit 
neceflarie pur eftrc overee en 
ycell. Et qe null orfeour ne 
juelbur nautre homme qe oe- 
pere harneis dargent mette null 
diccll a vendre deinz la ditef 
citee devant ceo qe foit touchee 
ovee le toucbe del teaft de li- . 
barde ceo qe puife refonable- 
roent potter ntefme le touche 
& auxi ove un marque ou figne 
del overour dicell fur peine de. 
la forfeiture de la double come 
defuis eft dit et qe le marque- 
ou figne de chefcun orfeour foit 
conuz a les gardeins de mefine 
le.mifter. Et fil poet eftre trove 
qe le dit gardein de la toucher 
fuifdite touche afcun del hernoys 
ovek le teft del libard fil ncfoit 
auxi fyne en allaie come lefter* 
lvng qe adonqes le dit gardein 
de le touche pur chefcune chofe 
enfy prove nient fi bon en alaye 
come le dit efterryng forface 
la double value au Roy & a 
la partie come il eft ycy defuis 
recite. Et auxi femblablement 
eft ordeine en la citee dEver- 
wyk Novell Chaftell fur Tyne 
Lincoln Norwice Briftowe Sa* 
lesbury & Coventre qe chef- 
cun ait diverfe* touches folonc 
lotdinance des main baillifa 
ou governours de mefines lea 
villea 



• Thett wolds in the Italic letter are printed only in Mr. Cay's edition. 



{.] Anno fecundo 

» ct qe null orfeour nau- 
overours dargent nc gar- 
des ditz touches dedeins 
es villes mette a vente ne 
le null argent en autre 
He qe neft ordcine parde- 
deinz la citee de Loundres 
sine del forfeiture avandit. 
loutrc qe null orfeour nau- 
verour dargent dedeinz le 
ne dEngleterre ou null 
le eft ordine come defuis 
t overee null argent fil ne 
auxi fyn en alaie come 
lyng. Et qe lorfeour ou 
our dicell argent mette 
cell fon marque ou figne 
it ceo qe le mette a la vent 
foit trove qe ne foit auxi 
come lefterlyng qadonqs 
srour dicell forfece le dou- 
alue en manere & forme 
: il eft devant recitez deinz 
ee de Loundrez. Et qe 
ftices de la pees mairs & 
Ft & toutz autres aiantz 
come juftices de pees 
enquergent 6c determi- 
par bille plemt ou en autre 
re de toutz ceux qi facent 
itrair de mefmes les ordi- 
ss & ent facent due exe- 
1 folonc lour difcrettans. 
«x toutz foitz qe fi le 
re del mynt qore eft ou 
tur le temps Terra offende 
, offenduz en fon office du 
ivnte qadonqs foit il cor- 
& juftifie folonc la forme 
i endentures avauntditz. 



Henrici VI. 



9* 



or governors of the fame towns; 
(5; and tha* no goldftnkh, nor 
Other workers of filver, nor 
keeper of the faid touches with- 
in the lame towns, (hall Sot to 
(ale, or touch any filver in other 
manner than is ordained be- 
fore within the city of Linden* 
upon pain of the faid forfeiture. 
(6) And moreover that no gold- 
unithy or other worker of filver 
within the realm of England* 
where no touch is ordained as 
afore is faid, (hall work any 
filver, except it be as fine in 
allay as the fterling, and that 
the goldfmith or worker of the 
fame filver fet upon the fame 
his mark or fign before he let 
it to fide; (7)andifitbefound, 
that it is not as fine as the 
fterling, that then the worker 
of the lame (hall forfeit the 
double value, in manner and 
form as before is recited within 
the city of London. (8) And Juftices of the 
the juftices of peace, mayors pcacejinayors, 
and bailiffs, and all other having J*£y ^ 
power as juftices of peace, (hafljJ n ddeteVmine 
hear, inquire, and determine, the offences a- 
by bill, plaint, or in other* ***** 1 ** 
manner, of all that do con- 
trary to the (aid ordinances, 
and thereof to make due exe- 
cution by their difcretions. (9) 
Provided always, That if the 
matter of the mint which now 
or which for the time (hall 



is. 



be, offend, or have offended 
in his office of the faid mint, iSEd.i.ftat.?. 
that then he be puni(hed andc. so. 
juftified according to the form "J ff * c " f • 
of the faid indentures. itM.c.is. 

es may punijb fervants, mafons, carpenters* &c. fir 
taking unreafonable wages. 

EM come en le temps de noble Roy Henry pier a noftreThis article 
ignur le Roy qareft en (on parlement tenuz a Leyceftrejs printed only 
1 fon regne fecunde foit ordeigne qe les juftices de pees| n M r * c *y** 
efcune counte dEngleterre duifient examiner toutz maners n * 
vantz ea lour countces qi preignent fidaries excedauntz 



9 2 Anr«6 {cciihcfo HeSrici VI. t f 4*4' 

la dite ordinance & les punir folonc meftfie lordinartce ordeinez 
eft & aflentuz qe les ditz juftices aietit poiar dappeller & de 
fair venir devant eux par' Venire facias & diftringas les tftaiftre* 
aiantz & occupiantz les ditz fervantz & par attach* mefmes les 
fervantz & ycelles examiner de le doner de lour fsClari^ tc h prife 
de ceo qils donent a lour ditz fervantz. Et fil (bit trovfc pafr 
examination ou en autre manere qe les ditz maiftrtfs donent 
pluis qe accordant au dite ordinance qe adonqes les dite tasi- 
ftres qi pluis donent & chefcun de eux qi pluis done' pairoftt & 
paiera au Roy pur chefcune falatie paiez a afcune ftrvant con± 
trarie lexcefle & qe a mefme lordinanee mefmes les fervantz 
enfi preignauntz & ent par lour coniflance ou en autfe loia! 
manere atteintz eient lemprifonment dune iriois faurrz bailie 
ou mainprife. Et fi afcun vifcont baillif de fraunchife gaoler 
ou afcun autre aiant la garde dez prifons deinz frauftchife on 
dehors ou afcun de lour deputees mette afcune ticlle perfone au 
bailie ou mainprife qe adonqes il perdra au Roy pur chefcurt 
tiel homme lefle a bailie ou a mainprife xx s. et qe lez juftices 
de pees aient poair dappeller devant etnc par attach' mafons 
carpenters tilers thakkers daubers & toutz autres laborers & 
eux examiner et ills trovent par examination ou eh autre ma* 
nere qe afcune des ditz perfones ad pris a contrarie a les Ides 
ii ordinances faitz devant ces heurs pardevant qe adonqes celluy 
qcft trove enfi preignant ait lemprifonement dun moys. Et qe 
mefmes les juftices aient poair dappeller devant eux par attach 1 
taiDours cordewaners tanners bochers pefchours & cariours 
de peflbn hoftilers & toutz autres artificers & vitaillers & de 
eux aflefler & chefcun de eux a vendre & prendre folonc les 
difcretions des ditz Juftices & fi afcun de eux preigne le con* 
trarie a mefme laflenton & de ceo par examination ou en autre 
manere foit trove coupable qe adonqs mefmes les perfone* 
enfy trovez coupablez k chefcun deux face & facent fyn folqpc 
les difcretions des juftices & ait lemfftifonement dun moys fauna 
baill ou mainprife come defuis eft tlit. Et qe ceft ordinance 
extende fibien deinz citees & burghs ou lis ount poair tt 
au&oritee come juftice de pees come en les countees fuifditz. 
Et endurera ceft ordinance tanqe al parlement profcheynment 
avenir.. 

CAP. XV. 

No man Jball f often nets to any thing over rivers. 

ITEM it is ordained, That TTEM ordeimez eft & efta- 

the (landing of nets and JL bliz qe le ration des reis 

engines called Trinis, and all & engines appellez trynkes U 

other nets, which be and were de toutz autres maners reis gi 

wont to be faftened and hanged font & foloient eftre fichez ic 

continually day and night y by attachezcontinuelmeritdenoet 

a certain tjme of the year, to & jour par certein temps del 

great pofts, boats, and an- an as grauntz poftes battels Sc 

chors, overthwart the river of anchres au travers la rivere do 

Thames, and other rivers of the Thamife Ac autres rivers, du 

realm roialme 



.] ■ Anno fccundo Henrici VI. 

ic quele ftation eft caufe realm, which (landing 



n 



afion del auxi graund & 
deftrudtion del. brode & 
e peflbn & deftourbance 
immune paflage del vef- 
come font les weres ky- 
m nulles autres engines 
?ut outrement defenduz 
*it temps avenir et qe 
in qi les mette ou fifche 
navant as tielx poftes ba- 
ft anchres ou chofe fem- 
pur continuelment eftoi- 
me dit eft & ent foit due- 
fc par cours de ley con- 
forface au Roy Cs. a 
tn temps oil eft enfi pro- 
. defaut. Purvieux tout- 

Ie bien life as poffeflburs 
tz trynkes Tils foient 
pefchier ovec eux en 
emps feifonable les en- 
itz . & conveiantz par 
come autres pefchours 
>ve autres reis & non 
tz & attachantz les ditz 
is poftes batelx & anchres 
ntinueimenteftoifer come 
falvant toutfoitz a chef- 
iege du Roy lour droit 
k enlieritaunce en lour 
sries e# la ewe avauntdit. 

CAP 



i 



caule of as great and more de- 
ftru&ion of the brood and fry 
of fiih, and difturbance of the 
common paflage of veflels, as 
be the wears, kydels, or any 
other engines, be wholly de- 
fended for ever ; (2) and that The penalty 
every perfon that fetteth or of thofe which 
fafteneth them hereafter to do f aft «* 
fuch pofts, boats, and anchors, t «" inks or °- 
or like thing, .continually to^^. um 
ftand as afore is laid, and be 
duly thereof by the cogrfe of 
the law convicft, (hall forfeit to 
the King Cs. at every time that 
he is fo proved in default. (3) In what foft 
Provided always, That it (hall owners of 
be lawful to the poffeflbrs of trinks may 
the faid trinks, if they be of fi&withthem. 
aflife, to filh with them in alt 
feafonable times, drawing and 
pulling them by hand, as other 
fifhers do with other nets, and 
not fattening or tacking the 
faid nets to pofts, boats, and 
anchors, continually to (land 
as afore is faid ; (4) faving 
always to every of the King's 
liege people their right, title, 
and inheritance in their fiih- 
ings in the faid water. 



XVI. 

ws in the reverjion may fue for the right to eftates, 
witbftanding any defaults committed by the former 
fejfon. 

E M come ordeigne foit par eftatut fait Weftm* Ian du This chapter 
;ne le Roy £. fitz le Roy H: trefzime qe fi breve foit and the next 
vers le baron & fa femme ou envers tenant a terme de following are 
tenpe dautre vie ou par le curtefie ou tenant en le taiO {^j^cjft 
poflibilite difliie exteint & le baron ou tielx tenauntz fount edition, 
e apres defaute qu voillent rendre al demaundant fon 
ide qp A le femme ou ceux a qi le reveriipa eft veignent 
t juggement rendu qils ferront receux a defendre lour 
Et pur ceo qe les juftices du Roy font pre en graunt 
jftee fi le baron ou afcun des ditz tenauntz font defaut 
defaut qu rendent laftion as demaundant les queux de* 
ou redditions font recordez a un terme & des certeins 
les juftices moevantz le juggement mi? en refpite & jour 
utre tanqual pfofchein terme fi ceux en la reverfion 

ferront 



I 



94 AnrotertioHENRict VI. [*4*4- 

ferront receux a celle darrein terme a defendre lour droit. Et 
pur ouftier tiel aweroufte & doute ordeinez eft & declarez par 
ladvis & aiTent fuifditz qe ceux en reverfion purront eftre receux 
a defendre lour droit (lis veignent a afcun temps devant jugge- 
ment rendu en tielx cafes devant declarez accordant a les forme 
& parols en le dit eftatut contenuz. Et qe ycefte ordinaunce 
fe extende as brefs unqore pendantz & le juggement unqore 
nient rehduz come en a&ions defore enavaunt amovers. Et 
durera cefte ordinance tanqual parlement profchinement avenir. 

CAP. XVII. 

Tor fans indiUcd of high treafon efcaping out of prifon /bail be 

adjudged traitors. 

'TEM come en temps le noble Roy E. tiers apres le con- 

. queft Ian de fon regne xxv. a fon parlement tenuz a Weftm' 

furent declarez par eftatut en le dit parlement quelles chofcs 

duiffcnt eftre ditz traifon entre queux fi homtae hiifte enditez 

appellez ou jpris par fufpccion de graund traifon & pur cefte 

caufe commife & detenuz en prifon du Roy & puis tiel prifone 

efchape hors de prifon de Roy declaration ne tuifte faite avant 

ces heurs le qude tiel efchape ferroit adjugge traifon ou nient 

ordeinez eft & declarez par audorite diceft prefent parlement 

Sir eftatut qe fi afcune perfone foit endite appelle ou pris pur 
foecion de graunt traifon come avant eft dit et foit commys 
k detenuz en prifone du Roy pur celle caufe & efchape volunte- 
rement hors du dit prifone qe tiel efchape foit adjugge & de- 
clare traifon fi tiel perfone ent bit duement atteint folonc le 
ley de cefte tcrre. Et eient les feignurs du fee en tiel cas let 
elchetes & forfeitures des terres & tenementz de eux tenuz de 
tielx perfones ilfint atteintz come it ceux ai font atteintz de 
petite traifon. Et teignent ceft ordinance & declaration lieu & 
effect del xx jour dO&ob' darrein pafle tanqe au parlement 
profcheinement avenir. 



Statutes made at Weftminfier, Anno 3 Hen. VL 
and Anno Dom. 1424. 

NOSTRE feignur leRoy f\UR lord the King, by the 

par adyys & aflent des v/ advice and ajfent of the lords 

feignurs efpirituelx & tempo- fpiritual and temporal, and at the 

jelx & a lefpectal requeft des head requejt of the commons* af- 

communes en cefte parlement fembled in this parliament, holaen 

tenuz a Weftm* le darrein jour at Weftmihfter the laft dayof 

dAverill hm de fon regne tierce April, the third year of his reign, 

ad ordinez & eftabliz certeins hath ordained and eftabUJbed cer- 

ordinances & eftatuts a kmour tain ordinances and fiatutes, to the 

de Dieu ft -pur le Men defon honour of Gor>> and for the weal 

rotalme en la fourme enfuant. of his realm, in the form following. 

CAP, 



«4*4-J 



Anno tcrtio Henrici VI. 



9$ 



CAP. I. 

Mafons fball not confederate tbemf elves in chapiters endaf- 

fembRes. 

FIRST, whereas by the yearly congregations and confederacies 
Biade by the mafons in their general chapiters and aflem- 
bfies, the good courfe and effeft ot the ftatutes of labourers be 
openly violated and broken, in fubveriion of the law, and to the 
great damage of all the commons ; (2) our faid lord the King 
willing in this cafe to provide remedy by the advice and aflenj 
aforeiaid, and at the fpecial rcqueft of the faid commons, hath or- 
dained and eftablifhed, That fuch chapiters and congregations 
(hall not be hereafter holden. (3) And if any fuch be made, 
they that caufe fuch chapiters and congregations to be aflemblcd 
and holden, if they thereof be convilt, (hall be judged for felons. 
(4) And that all the other mafons that come to fuch chapiters 
and congregations, bepunifhed byimprifonmentof their bodies 
fmd make fine and ranlom at the king's will. 

CAP. II. 

Sheep fhallnot he tranfported beyond fea without the Kings 

licence. 



ExeditPuk. 
5 Inft. 99. 
It Aail be fe- 
lony tocaufe 
majbnsto 
confederate 
themfelve* ia 
chapiters and 
afiemblies. 



ITEM pur ceo qe plufours 
diverfes perfones amefnent 
hors du roialme de temps en 
temps grande nombre des ber- 
bees lanutz en Flaundres & au- 
tres paiis de pardela le meer & 
(a ils fount eux tender k ven- 
dent fibien mefrnes les berbees 
come les tunes dicelles as hom- 
ines de raefme la paiis iflint qe 
par tklx perfones les berbees 
deinz mefme la paiisde Flaun- 
dres & autres parties deins 
brief temps font veraifenftia- 
blez deftre grandement encre- 
cez & multiplier a trefgrande 
deceit perde & damage noftre 
dit feignur le Roy de fes cuftu- 
mes et fubfidies des ditz laines 
& auxi grande arreriflement de 
tout le roialme & amenufement 
& depreffion de la price des 
Jains fibien a leftaplede Caleis 
come cy en Engleterre fil ne 
foit purveu d? remedie celle 
part je noftre dit feignur confi- 
derant les prcmiifes de ladvis 
affent 



ITEM, becaufe that divers per- SE1. c.j. 
fin s do from time to time carry 
out of the realm great number if 
Jheep with fleeces into Flanders, 
and other countries beyond the fea, 
and there theyjbear them^ and fell 
as well the fame Jheep, as the wools 
of the fame, to men of the fame 
country, fo that by fuch per fins the 
fbeep within the faid country of 
Flanders, andotherparts,injbort 
time be likely to be much increafidj 
to the great deceit, lofs, and da- 
mage of our lord the King, of Ins 
eujloms and fubfidies of the fend 
wools, and alfo to the great hin- 
drance of all the realm, and dimi- 
nution and abatement of the price 
of wools, as well at the flapleat 
Calais as herein England, unlefs 
remedy be provided in this behalf \ 
(a) our (aid lord the King, whofoever 
confideringthepremifleSfbythe (hall tranf- 
advice and aflent, and at the P * ***pto 
requeft aforefaid, hathordained J^JSefai 
and granted by the. authority foall forfeit 
of the faid parliament, That no them, 
manner 



9 6 



Anno tertio Henrici VI. 



Hie penalty 
of a cuftomer, 

COllfCfKNTf or 

controller, 
conctalinffthe 



aflent & requeft fuiiditz ad or* 
dincz & grantez par audorite 
du dit parlement qe null mancr 
de perfone de quele eftat ou 
condition ail foit de cy,enar 
vaunt foit fuffrcz delfeipgerau 
fairc cflcippcr deinz le rotafape 
afcuncs berbee* lanutz ou too- 
duz en Jaditc paiis de Flaun- 
dres ou autres parties de par- 
dela le meer fil ne foit pur la 
vitailler de la ville de Calm & 
les marches dicelles. Et qe 
chefcun hommc qe poet efire 
efpiez qe foubz colour de vitail- 
ler du dite ville ou marches de 
Caleys qil pafle a afcun autre 
lieu qe a mefmes les ville & 
marches ovefqe afcuns berbees 
lanuz ou tonduz fil ne ait li- 
cence roialle qil for&ce auRoy 
mefmes les berbees ou le value 
dicelles fi fovent defoitz come 
il foit trove defeftif . 

cap. ni. 

The penalty of a cufiomer* &cc. concealing the Kings cufiom. 



manner of perfon, of what ef- 
tate or condition that he be, 
hereafter' be fufFered to (hip 
within the realm of Englandzny 
&eep, fleeced or (horn, into 
the faid country of Flanders* 
or to any other parts beyond 
the fea, except it be to vi&ual 
the town of Calais and the mar* 
ches thereof. (3) And that 
x evety mafi that maybe efpied, 
which under the colour of vic- 
tualling of the fame town and 
marches of Calais* pafleth into 
any other places, than to the 
fame town and marches, with 
any (heep fleeced or (horn (ex- 
cept he have the King's licence) 
fhall forfeit to the King the 
fame (heep, or the value there- 
of, as oftentimes as he (hall be 
found in default. 



Dyer, 13S. 
4H.4.C. *o. 
1 El.c11.C7, 
It EL £.9. 



ITEM it is ordained and ef- 
tablifhed, That if any cuf- 
tomer, colteSor, or controller 
of the King's cuftoms of coc- 
kets of cloths, of fubfidies of 
tunnage or poundage, in any 
port or place of England* be 
duly attainted or convidt at the 
King's fuit, of falfe concealing 
of the King's cuftom or fubfidy 
duly entered and paid by any 
merchant, that then the faid 
euftomer, collector, or control- 
ler fo duly attainted or convict 
by the law, (hall lofe and forfeit 
to the King the treble value of 
the merchandifes fo duly cus- 
tomed, and make fine and 
ranfom. (2) And he that will 
fue, (hall have the third part 
fpr his labour. 



ITEM ordinez eft & eftabl'z 
qe fi afcune cuftumer col- 
leAour ou countrollour de» 
cuftumes du Roi de cokette* 
de draps del fubfidies del tonage 
ou pondage en afcun port ou 
lieu dEngleterre foit duement 
& loialofent atteinte ou con- 
victs al foytedu Roi ou al fuyte 
dafdne autre perfone purla- 
vauntage du Roi de faux con- 
celement de cuftume ou fubfi- 
die du Roi duement entre & 
paie par afcune merchant qa- 
donqes le dit cuftumer coilec- 
tour ou controllour enfi due- 
ment atteint & Convict par la 
ley perde & forface au Roi le 
treble value des merchandifes 
enfi duement cuftumez & face 
fyn & raunceon. Et fi afcun 
homme le voet fuer ait le tiercq 
partie pur fon labour. 

CAP, 



J 425-] Anno quarto Henrici VL $7 

CAP. IV. 

Licence may be granted to convey butter and cbeefe to any 

place. 

ITEM, whereas by a ftatute made in the time of the noble Ex edit Pult, 
King Edward the Third, it was ordained, That the ftaple, Alt « rcd b Y 
and the merchandifes of the ftaple Should be carried to Calais, j ^ a ' p h c &* 
amongft which merchandifes it was ordained by the fame fta- m.c. 5 . i\. Sc 
tute, That butter and cheefe (hould be merchandi fa of the fta- 14.CsuM.c26. 
pie, (2) by which ordinances divers perfons of the realm of 
England have had great damage, becaufe that the faid butter and 
cheefe be fo tender merchandifes that they connot tarry their 
merchants, as our lord the King hath percened by the grievous 
complaint of his faid commons: (3) the fame our lord the The lord 
King, willing to provide remedy in this behalf, by the advice chancellor 
and affent aforefaid, hath ordained and eftablifhed, That he that ^nce^uiy 
will carry butter and cheefe to any other pans than to the faid to convey 
ftaple, (hall fue to the chancellor of England for the time being butter and 
to have licence in this behalf. U) And that the fame chancel- ch * efe to an J 
lor have power to make to him fuch licences under the King's befidesth? 
great leal, if it like him fo to do by his difcretion. ftaple. 

CAP. V. 

CommiJJions may be awarded to certain perfons, to reform the 

river Ley, running from Ware to Thames. 

ITEM, whereas in the laft parliament it was granted, That a E * e< *>t. Raft, 
commiffion for the water called the Ley, one of the great ri- *•** thn nwer * 
vers, which extendeth from the town oilVare till the water of 
Thames, in the counties of Hertford, EJfex, and Middlefex, to fur- 
vey, redrefs, and amend all the defaults in the faid water, for 
the paflage of (hips and boats, as in the ordinances and fta- 
tute* of the King's noble progenitors is contained : And foraf- 
much as the fame commiffion was directed to divers great men Commiffion. 
lords and other perfons, which thereto might not attend : it is 
ordained and ftablifhcd, That the chancellor of England (hill have Chancellor of 
power to grant fuch commiffions at all times needful to fuch in- El Jf$ <: 
different perfons dwelling thereabout, which thereto beft can * 3 pii,'. c '*g, 
and may attend to enquire, redrefs, and amend all the defaults 
1>eing in the faid water, as well by divers trenches made out of 
the faid water, as of all other manner (tanks, kidels, wears or 
mills, being or made to the annoyance of the paflage of boats in 
the faid water, according to the purport and tenor of the fta- 
tute* in this cafe provided and ordained. 



Statutes made at Leicefter, Anno 4 Hen. VL and 
Anno Dom. 1425. 

CEUX font les eftatuts & '"T^HESE be the ordinances and 
ordinances faitx par nof- X ftatuUs made by our fov*- 
V*L. III. Vt H reign, 



F 1 



$$ Anno quarto HeNRICI VI. E1425, 

reign lord the King> by the advice tre rcfovcrain fcignuf lc Ro» 

arid ojjht of the lords fpiritual par advis & affent des fcig- 

and temporal, and at the /pedal nurs cfpirituclx lc tempo- 

requejl of the commons of his relx & a la cfpecialc rcqueft 

realm, in his parliament holdcn at des communes de fon roialmc 

Leicefter, the eighteenth day of en fon parlement tenuz a 

February, the Jourth year of his LeyceftV le xviiie jour de Fc- 

reign being to the honour of God, verer Ian de fon regne quart 

and for tte weal, profit, and eafe efteantz a lonour de Dieu & 

of his realm. pur le bien eafe & profit d# 

fon roialme. 

CAP. I. 

Every fheriff ft all return fucb writs as be directed to him at 
fuch days as they be returnable^ and/ball warn tbofe jurors 
which be impanelled. 

k IRST, whereas grievous complaint hath been made to 
the King by his commons in this parliament, That 
where divers writs at the fuit of the parties be feverally directed 
to (heriffs of the realm, to take divers perfons by their bodies, 
the fame (heriffs, after the writs to them fo directed, take great 
fums of money of the parties, which be fo purfued for their 
mainprife : and moreover the faid (heriffs do take great fums of 
money, to embezzle the King's writs in divers cafes, to the great 
impediment and hinderance of the parties purfuing, to the great 
oppreflionand impoverilhing of the common people of the realm : 
and whereas writs be directed to the faid (heriffs. to impanel di- 
vers perfons to pafs in mquefts betwixt parties, and to return 
and certify their names in the King's courts, the lame fheriffs 
do return and certify by virtue of the faid writs, the names of 
divers men impaneled, without any warning thereof made to 
them, to their great lofs and damage: it U ordained and (la- 
blifhed, That every Qieriff for the time being, (hall return the 
writs to him directed in the King's courts, at fuch days as they 

Sfcrift. be returnable. And that the fame (heriffs in reafonable time 

warn all the perfons impaneled, to pafs in inquefts in the King's 
courts, that they may appear at fuch days as they have by the 
King's writs. And it any (heriff do the contrary of any of the 
faid articles, then the party that feeleth himfelr grieved, may 
fue by bill or writ upon his cafe againft the (heriff, as well in the 
exchequer as in any other of the King's courts, in which furts if 
the (heriff be convict, the party that fueth (hall recover in the 

Panels. fame fuit his double damages. And that the juftices of peace, (rew- 

ards of leets and hundreds, have power to enquire of fuch mif- 
prifions and defaults of the faid (heriffs, and to certify their faid* 
enquiries before the juftices of deliverance fo that they may pu 
the faid parties to anfwer : upon which anfwer if they be round 
guilty, they (hail make fine and ranfom to the King. And 
this ordinance (hall endure till the next parliament. And as to 
the letting to mainprife, the (latutes made in times paft and not 
2 repealed, 



14*5-1 Anno quarto Henrici VI. 99 

repealed, being in their own force, (hall be holden and kept in 
all points. 

CAP. II. 
A rehear fal and confirmation of tbeftatuteof 9 Hen. V. c.3. 

touching protections granted to tbofe who were in the wars 

in Normandy or France. 

ITEM, whereas at the parliament holden at TVeJiminJier the 
fecond day of May* the ix. year of the reign of King Henry 
the Fifth, father to our fovereign lord the King that now is, fce- 
caufe that the taking of affifes was generally ceafed through the 
realm, by reafon of an ordinance made by the faid late King*, 
our fovereign lord the King confidering the difeafes and da- 
mage, which many of his liege people have had and fuftained by 
the fame ccafing, commandeth, That the juftices (hall hold the 
the affifes through the realm in the manner accuftomed. Affifet. 
And for to efchew the di(herifon of perfons, which then were 
pafled and (hould pafs in the voyage of the faid late King, and 
alfo of the perfons which were abiding in the ferviceof the faid 
K^ing in the parts of Normandy and of France, it was ordained and 

Erovided, That in every protection with theclaufe (Volumus) to 
e made for any of the fame perfonfs, there (hould be in the 
claufe of exception contained in the fame, omiflion of thefe 
words, AJfife novel dijfeiftn. And that all thofc protections (hould Prote&io*; 
be allowable and allowed for them and every of them in all the 
King's courts and other places, where fuch protections be fet 
forth for any fuch perfons in all picas of affifes as well of novel 
difleifin as of fre(h force, without any difficulty. Provided al- 
ways, That the judgments to be given from henceforth in fuch 
aflifes arraigned orto be arraigned, (hall not be prejudicial to any 
perfons fo abiding in the King's fervice beyond the fea, as afore 
is faid, which have any thing in reverfion or in remainder in 
lands or tenements, whereof fuch aflifes were or (hould be ar- 
raigned, if they whidi had in reverfion or in remainder in fuch 
lands or tenements, (hould not be named in the fame affifes, but 
that they (hould be againft them wholly void. And this ordi- 
nance (nail indure till the parliament, which (hall be firft hold- 
en after the next return or the faid late King into England. And 
if the fame ordinance touching the faid perfons fo abiding in the 
King's fervice beyond the fea, and alfo touching the faid perfons 
which then were pafled or (hould pafs in the faid voyage, were 
not fufficient for the eafe and furety of them : it was alfo accord- 
ed and aflented, That the lords of the King's council for the 
time being, (hould have full power by authority of the faid par- 
liament, to fet, ordain, and provide fufficient remedy for the eafe 
and furety of all the fame perfons, as for them and every of them 
(hould feem to the faid lords moft expedient and available in the 
cafe, after their good advice and difcretions, which ordinance is 
determined by the death of the faid late King : our fovereign 
lord the King, confidering the good and agreeable fervice, which 
many of his faithful fubjefts have done to him, and daily do in N 

H 2 the 



ioq Artno quarto Henric* VI. [*4*5< 

tb£ parts beyond the fea, in the company of his dear uncle the 
regent of France duke of Bedford, ana of his deputies in th* 
parts of Frame* and forfo much willing for their eafe and furety 
/ * likewifc to ordain and provide in this cafe; of the aflent and ad- 
vice of the lords fpiritual and temporal, and alfo of the com- 
iftons in this parliament afletnbled, hath ordained, That the 
(aid ordinance made the faid ix. year (hall-rtand as a ftatute and 
law effc&ual and available in all points for ail perfons which 
now be and hereafter (hall be abiding in the King's fervice in 
the company of the faid regent, or of his deputies in the parts of 
France and of Normandy, to endure from the firft day of June f 
the fourth year of the reign of our (aid fovereign lend the King, 
till the end of thr& years then next following, Provided always, 
That all the entries to be made after the faid firft day of June, 
(hall not becomprifed in this prefent ordinance, And that none, 
which (hall make fuch entries after the faid firft day of June^ 
fliail have any benefit of the fame ordinances. 

This follows C A P. V, upon the Rolk 

CAP. III. 

Jufthei in certain cafes ftiay amend tbfir records according to 
former ft atutes. 

ITEM* fyhcreas at the parlia- YTEM come au parlement 

ment holden at Weftminfter X tenuz a Weftm* le \y jour 

. thefeconddayofMzy, the ninth du Maij Ian du regne le Roi 

year of the reign of King Henry, Henri pier noftre feignurle 

father of our lord the King that Roi qoreft ixP reherce fuift co- 

now is* it was rehearfed, how ment au parlement tenuz z 

that at the parliament holden at Weftm' Ian du regne Ic Roi EL 

Weftminttei the xiv. year of tierce xiiij. ordeigne fiiit par 

King Edward the "Thirds it was au&orite du dit parlement qc 

ordained by the authority of the pur mefprifion declercen que- 

Jaid parliament j Ti:at for mifpri- conqe place ceo foit nc foit pro- 

Jion of a clerk, in what foever place cefle de plee aniente ne difcon- 

it be* noprocefs or plea Jbould be tinue par mefprendre en cfcri- 

undonenor dijeontinued, by over- vant unc lettre trop ou trop 

fight in writing a letter orfyllable poy mes fitoft come' le chofe 

too much or too little, (2) but as ferra aperceive par chalange 

foon as the thing were perceived by des parties ou en autre manere 

challenge of the parties, or in other foit haftivement amende en due 

manner, it Jbould be hajlily amended fourme fanz doner avantage a 

in due form, without giving ad- partie qe ceo chalange pur cau- 

vantage to the party that cballeng- fe de tiel mefprifion Te dit nad- 

etb the fame becaufe of fuch mif- gairs Roi Henri confiderant la 

5 Co. 45. prifion; (3) the faid late King diverfite doppinions qe lem a- 

S Co. 157. Henry, confidering the diverfities voit fur le dit eftatuit & pur 

Dycr,i6o,34i. f opinions which men had upon mettre le chofe en pluis overt 

the faid Jlatute, and to put the conyfauns declara & ordinapar 

thing in more open knowledge, did au&orite du dit parlement te- 

Mare • nuz 



nuz le dit an ixe qeles juftices 
devaunt queux ticl pjee ou re- 
corde eft fait ou ferra pendant 
fibien par ? «burnement come 
par voie detit>ur ou autrement 
eient poair & audtorite damen«- 
tier tielx recorde & procefle co- 
me devaunt eft dit folonc la 
fourme de mefme leftatuit fibi- 
en apres juggement en tie] plee 
recorde pu procefle renduz co- 
me devaunt le juggement ren- 
duz en tielx plee recorde ou 
procefle iant come les ditz re- 
corde & procefle foient devaunt 
eux en mefme la manere come 
juftices avoient poair damender 
tielx recorde & procefle de- 
vaunt juggement renduz par 
force du ait eftatuk en temps 
le dit Roi £. fait come defuis 
la quele ordinance endureroit 
tanqe a] profchein parlement 
qi ferroit primerment tenuz a- 
pres le revenue du dit Roi 
Henri le pier en Engleterre de 
pardela et la quele ore eft deter- 
mine par le mort du dit nad- 
gairs Roi Henri le pier le Roi 
noftre fovercin feignur par ad- 
vis & aflent fuifaitz ad online 
& eftablie qe le dit eftatuit & 
effect dicell fait le dit an ixe teig- 
ne force vigour & effect en 
chefcun recorde & procefle 
fibien apres juggement renduz 
furverdit parte come furma- 
tiere en leie plede come eflatut 
vaillable & effeduell en ley a 
adurer. Purveu 



Anno fexto Hejwuci Vl. 



tot 



declare and ordain by authority ef 
the faid parliament holden the /aid 
ninth year. That the juftices befor* 
yubom fuch plea or record is made, 
cr Jball be depending, as well by 
adjournment \ as by way of error or 
othcrwife, Jb$ll have power and 
authority to qmendfuch recordand 
procefs, a; well after judgment 
given as before ', by force of the 
faid ftatute made in the time of 
the Jaid King Edward, jvbich 
ordinance Jbould endure till the 
next parliament, which Jbould be 
fir ft holden after the return of the 
faid King Henry the father into 
England/raw beyond the fea y and 
which now is determined by the 
death of the Jaid late King Henry 
the father: (4) our fovereign A cenfirmati- 
lord, by the advice and aflent on of the fta- 
aforefaid, hath ordained and tut * °* ■* Ed. 
eftablifhed, That the faid fta- £*£ *-**• 
tute, and the effedt of the authorifing 
fame, made the faid ninth year, juftices to ?- 
fhall hold ftrength, force, and nw4recor4f. 
effect, in every record and pro- 
cefs of the fame, as well after 
judgment given upon a verdiA 
pafled, as upon a matter inlaw 
pleaded, as a ftatute available 
and effe6hja\ in law to endure 
for ever. (5) Provided always, 
That this ftatute do not extend 
to records and procefles in the 
parts of If ales, nor to record* 
and procefles whereby any per- 
fon is or fhall be outlawed at 
any man's fuit. 



toutz jours 

toutz foitz qe ceft eftatut ne fe extende as recordes & procefles 
es parties de Gales ne as recordes & procefles par queux 
afcune perforce eft ou ferra utlage al fuyt dafcuny. 

CAP. IV. 

The writs* fuits, find proceffes now depending of certain (bat 

were late made knights, fhall not abate for that caufe. 

ITEM, our faid fovereign lord the King, by the advice and af- £ x ^j^ ^ 
fent aforefaid, hath ordained and ftablifhed, That all the Knights, 
writs, fuits, and procefles, which all the knights that were 
jooade knights by the King in the time of this parliament holden, 

H 3 havf 



xoa Anno fexto Henrici VI. [14*7- 

have depending, and which every of them hath depending, not 
determined, be good and effectual not abateable by the law, be- 
caufe that they be made knights, or becaufe that any of them i* 
made knight. 

CAP. V. 
Licence given to all the King's fubjeils to tr an/port corn. 
Exedit.Pult. TTEM, whereas the noble King Richard xht Second after tht 
tion°ort£e a -* conqueft, at his parliament holden at JVefminfter the xv. day 
ftatute of of St. Hillary, the xvii. year of his reign, at the fpecial requeft of 
17 R. 2. c.7. the commons of the fame parliament, did jrrant licence to all his 
giving licence liege people of his realm of England, to (hm and carry corn out 
Kintfs ibb- °^ r ^ e ^ rea ' m > t0 w ^ at P art t ^ em pleafed, except to enemies, 
jetti 1 to carry paying the fubfidies and duties thereof, notwithftanding anyor- 
corn out of dinance, proclamation, or reftraint made before to the contrary : 
the realm. neverthelefs, the fame late King, willing that his council mignt 
i&iPh.&M. re ft ra j n t h c faid paffage when to them feemed needful for the 
x jac. 1. c.15. profit of the realm ; (2) our lord the King at the fpecial requeft 
% Jac. 1. c.i 1. of the commons of this prefent parliament, and by the advice 
Repealed by anc ] aflent aforefaid, will and granteth, That the faid ftatute be 
si Jac. 1. c.tS. holden an d fo.pt in all points, fo that his council may reftrain 
the faid paflage when they (hall think it neceflary for the profit 
of the realm. 



Statutes made at Weflminjler> Anno 6 Hen. VI. 
and Anno Dom. 1427. . 

OUR lord the King, at his ^TOSTRE feignur le Roy 

parliament holden at Weft- -L^l a fon parlement tenuz a 

minfter, the fifteenth of St. Mich- Weftm' a la quinfzifme de Seint 

ael, the fixtn year of his reign, Michelllan de fon regme vjme 

by the advice end affcnt of the lords par advys & aflent des feignurs 

Spiritual and temporal, and at the efoirituelx & temporelx & al 

fecial inflame and requejt of the efpeciale requeft des communes 

commons of his realm in the faid de fon roialme en le dit parte* 

parliament ajfembled, hath caufed ment aflemblez ad fait fairecer- 

to be made certain Jlatutes and or- telns eftatutz & ordinances a 

dinance s to the honour of God, find lonour de Dieu & pur le bica 

'for the weal and eafe of his people, & eafedefon pocple en la for- 

. in the manner and form following, me qenfuyt. 

CAP. I. 

Within what time a Capias awarded again/I any perfon in- 
dited in the king's bench fhall be returnable. 

T - T7IRST, for that divers of the T? N primes pur ceo qe divers 

3 Inft. 3 *- X 1 King's faithful fubjerfs, by Ale des loialx lieges noftrc dit 

falfe practice, covin, and confpi- feignur le Roi par faux ymagi* 

racy of certain evil per fons, be in- natioh comettcment & confpi- 

diilcd before our lord the King in racie des certeins malefefours 

his bench, of divers felonies and font endite* devaunt le Roy 

treafons, en 



7-1 



Arino feicto HfitfRfci VI. 



105 



on bank dc divcrfes felo- 
& trefons par jurrours fuf- 
: & a ceo par confederacie 
nje&ure des ditz confpira- 
; lowez & procurer par 

des queux enditementz 
as eft agarde al vifcount 
ountee ou le dit tank eft 
rnable deinzdeux ou qua- 
ours a quell jour fi lapar- 
tdite ne veigne exigend' eft 
le par qoi les biens & cha- 

des ditz enditz font for- 
au Roy a final deftru&ion 
ivers des loialx lieges de 
e dit feignur le Roi fi co- 
mefme noftre feignur ad 
»u a la grevoufe compleint 
itz communes a luy faite 
i dit parlement noftre dit 
ur le Roy voillant en ceo 
mrvoir de remedie ad or- 
par advys & affent fuifditz 
ant qe aicun exigende foit 
lez envers tielx enditez de- 
t le Roy en fon dit bank 
I briefs de Capias dire&z 
t al vifcont ou vifcontz del 
teeen le quell ils font enfi 
ez come al vifcount ou 
mtz del countee dount ils 
nomez en les ei)diterjientz 
b mefmes les Capias lef- 
ies fys fepmains au mey- 
ou pluis long temps par 
ifcretions des juftices file 
eo requirt devaunt la re- 
le dicelles les queux briefs 

retournez procedent les 
es en man$r come iU ount 
evaunt ces heures et fiaf- 
exigende foit agarde ou 
e utlagarie pronuncie en 

envers ticlx enditez de- 
: le retourne des ditz 

foit celle exieende iflint 
e ovec la utlagarie ent 
incie voide & tcnuzpur 

Et durera cede ordi- 
1 tanqil plerra a noftre 
rfle Roy, 




ireafons, by fufpeel jurors, hired 
aha procured to the fame by con- 
federacy and covin of the faid con~- 
fpirators\ (2) by force of m which in- 
diclments a Capias is awarded to 
the Jlnriffs of the county where the 
faid bench is, returnable within 
two or four days, at which day, if 
the party fo indi&ed come not, an 
Exigent is awarded, whereby the 
goods and chattels of fuch perfons 
indicled be forfeit to our lord the 
King, to the utter undoing of divers 
of the King's faiihfuljubjecls, as 
the fame our lord the King hath 
conceived by the grievous complaint 
of the faid commons, made to him 
m tlx find parliament; (3) our Upon an in- 
faid lord the King, willing in dement of . 
this cafe to provide remedy, ™/ k ? crl ? n ia 
hath ordained, by the advice bench"* Capi* * 
and aflent of the faid lords, as fhall be a- 
That before any Exigent be warded 
awarded againft fuch perfons a S am,t him 
indicated before the King in his ™™£&l? 
faid bench, writs of Capias (hall weeks before 
be dire&ed, as well to the (he? any exigent 
riff or (heriffs of the county ^K 1 *!*" 
wherein they be indicted, as to w * rde<u 
the (heriff or fheriffs of the 
county whereof they be named 
in the indidtments; (4) the 
fame Capias having the fpace of 
fix wteks at the lead, or longer 
time, by the difcretion of the 
faid juftices, if the cafe require 
it, before the return of the fame ; 
(5) which writs fo returned, 
the juftices fhall proceed in the 
manner as they have done be- 
fore this time: (6) And if any 
Exigent be awarded, or any 
outlawry pronounced hereafter 
againft fuch perfons indicated, 
before the return of the faid 
wri ts,the lame Exigent fo award- 
ed, with the outlawry thereof 
pronounced, (hall be void and 
holden for none. (7) And this 
ordinance fhall endure as long 
as (hall pleafe the King. 8 H. 6. c,?*» 

H + CAP. 



104 



Anno fcxto Henrici VL 



t>4»7- 



$ Inft 175. 



CAP. II. 

How long time the copies of panels in ajfifejhall be delivered 

to the parties before the fejfwns of the jujlices. 
TTEM, becaufe that divers of y TEM pur ceo qe diversdes 



the King's liege people in times 
faft have been dijherited, for that 
in fpecial afffes the tenants and 
defendants could not have know- 
i ledge nor copy of the panel of them 
that be impanelled to pa/sin the 
faid aJpfeSy to inform them of their 
right and titles before the day of 
the fejfion that the affifcs Jhould be 
demanded \ (2) our lord the 
King, willing thereof to pro- 
vide remedy, hath ordained 
and eftablifhcd, That the pa- 
nels of the aflifes (hall be ar- 
rayed, and a copy indented of 
the fame by the merifF deliver- 
ed to the plaintiffs, tenants, and 
defendants iix days at the lead 
before the feflion of the juftices, 
if they the fame demand; (3) 
and as to the return or anfwer 
of the bailiffs of franchifes, they 
lhall make their returns or an- 
swers to the (heriffs, of fuch 
fpecial aflifes, fix days before 
the feflions in the manner a- 
forefaid; (4) and that upon 
pain of forty pounds to be paid 
by the faid (heriffs or bailiffs to 
our lord the King, as often as 
they, or any of them, do or 
caufe to be done contrary to 
4.1 Ed .3, 0.1 1. jhjg ordinance or ftatute. 



How long 
time the Co- 
pies of panels 
in aflifes (hall 
be delivered 
to the parties 
before the 
fetfions of 
the juftices. 



A lieges noftre fcignur le Roy 
avaunt ces heures ount eftez 
de(heritz a caufe qen les efpeci- 
ales aflifes les tenantz & defen- 
dantz ne purront my avoir 
conifance ne copy de la panell 
de ceux qi font empanellez pur 
pafler en les ditz aflifes pur eux 
enformer de.lour droit & titles 
devaunt le jour de la feflion qe 
les aflifes ferront demandez nof- 
tre dit feignur le Roy voillant 
de ceo purvoierde remediead 
ordine & eftablie qe les pandles 
des ditz aflifes foient arraiez ic 
copie endentee dicelles par le 
viicount deliveree a les plaintifs 
tenantz & defendantz par vi. 
jours a meins devaunt la feflion 
des juftices fi eux les demandent. 
Et qant a la retourne ou ref- 
pounce des baillifs des fraun- 
chifes facent ils lour retournez 
ou refoonce as vifcountz en ti- 
elx eipecialx aflifes viij . jours 
devaunt la feflion en raanere 
come defuis. Et ceo fur peine 
de xl. li. a paiers par les vif- 
contz ou bailliffs a noftre feig- 
nur le Roy a tant de foitz come 
ils ou afcun de eux fount ou fa- 
ce la contrarie de ceft ordi- 
naunce. 



Ex edit Raft. 
Servant of 
husbandry. 



CAP. III. 

The jujlices of peace, &c. fhall affign the wages of artificers 
and workmen by proclamation j and the penalty of tbofe that 
take more. 

ITEM, whereas it was ordained in the parliament holden at 
Canterbury, the twelfth year of King Richard the Second, 
Jiow much every fervant of hu(bandry (hall take by the year for 
Jiis fervice, and if any do contrary to the fame ordinance, and 
thereof be attainted, that he (hall pay, that is to fay, as well the 
giver as the tajker the excefs fo given or taken, and at the fecond 
default of their attcindre, the double value of fuch excel*, and at 

tht 



*I4*7'3 Anno fcxto Henrici VI. 105 

the third default, the treble value, and if the faid taker have not 
thereof he may pay the faid excefs, that then he (hall have im- 
prifonmentof forty days. And alfo by another ftatutemade at 
the parliament hoiden at Wtjlminfier> the thirteenth year of the 
faid late King, it was ordained and eftablifhed, That the iuftices Tuft^ of 
of peace in every county of England, in their feffions holden be- peace, 
twixt the feaft of E after and St. Michael, make proclamation by 
their difcretion, according to the dearth of vidfcuals, how every 
mafbn, carpenter, tiler, or any artificer working by the day, as Artificer!, 
well in Auguft as in other times of the year, after their degree, 
Ihall take the day with meat and drink between the faid feffions, 
as a thing by the ftatute : which ftatutes be not kept nor put in 
execution, that is to fay, the tirft ftatute, becaufe that the punifh- 
mentin the fame is too hard upon the mafters of fuch fervants, 
forafmuch as they (hall be deftitute of fervants, if they (hould 
not pafs the ordinance of the ftatute, and the fecond ftatute, be- 
caufe that no pain is limitted againft him that doeth contrary to 
the fame ftatute : our fovereign lord the King, willing in this 
cafe to provide remedy, hath ordained by authority of this par- 
liament, that the juftices of peace ia every county for the time 
being, and the mayor of the city ox London for the time being, Mayors, 
and the mayors and bailiffs in every city, borough, or town, (hall Bailiffs. 
have fuch power and authority to make proclamation in their 
full feffions once by year, and fo in every borough and market 
town within their jurifdi<5tion, how mudi every fervant of huf- 
bandry (hall take for his fervice by the year then next following, 
and that they make two times proclamation in two feffions, by 
them to be holden betwixt the feaft of Eqfler and St. Michael, and 
in every borough and market town, how much every artificer 
and workman (hall take by the day, and by the week with meat 
and drink, or without meat or drink, as well in Auguft as in 
other times of the year. Provided always, That if any man 
be retained by the week for husbandry or other labour, that 
he (hall take nothing for the feftival days in fuch week nor for 
the half days of the evens of fuch feafts. And that every pro- 
clamation fo to be made, be holden as a thing ordained by fta- 
tute. And if any fervant, artificer, or workman do the contrary 
of fuch proclamation fo to be made, and be thereof attainted at 
the King's fuit, he (hall forfeit to the King every time the va- 
lue of his wages, and if he have not whereof to make gree to the 
King, he (hall have imprifonment of forty days, without being 
let to bail or mainprife in any manner. And that the juftices of 
peace, mayors, and bailiffs aforefaid, then for the time being, 
(hall have power and authority to hear and determine fuch offen- 
ces, as well at the King's fuit by fuggeftion furmifed, as at the 
fuit of the party in fuch cafe grieved, and thereupon to make 
and award writs of Qapias, as oftentimes as to them (hall feem 
well to be done, againft fuch fervants, artificers and workmen, 
at every perfon's fuit that feeleth him in fuch cafe grieved or 
molefted, returnable before themfelves, or before any other juf- 
tices of peace, or mayors and bailiffs for the time being, at a 

certai* 



io6 Anno facto Henrici VI. [1427. 

certain day in their feffions, at which day if any fuch fervant, 
artificer, or workman come before the faid juftices of peace, or 
before mayors, or bailiffs by force of any fuch writs, or in 
any other manner, that then trie fame juftices of peace, mayors, 
or bailiffs for the time being, fhall have full power and authori- 
ty to examine by their difcretion and knowledge, as well fuch 
fcrvants,artificers,and workmen, as their matters, how much fuch 
fervants, artificers and workmen do take by the year, by the day, 
and by the week. And if they find by fuch examination, or by 
plea betwixt the fame fervants, artificers, workmen, and their 
mafters, the contrary to be done of fuch proclamations fo to be 
made, that the faid fervants, artificers, and workmen, and la- 
bourers (hall be punifhed in the form aforefaid. And they (hall 
yield to the party grieved his double damages. And if any of 
them depart or void into another county, that then it be law- 
ful to the faid juftices of peace, mayors and bailiffs, for the timt 
being, to make and grant Writs o\Capias> as many and fuch a$ 
be requifite, directed to the fheriffs of the counties, where fuch 
fervants, artificers and workmen be fled, to take their bodies* 
returnable before them atfcvhat time fhall pleafe them, fo that if 
they come by fuch procefs they fhall be put in prifon, till they 
find fufficient furety well to ferve their faid mafters. And that 
this ftatute begin to hold place, as to the punifhment of fuch fer- 
vants retained by the year or by the half year, after the feaft of 
St. Michael next coming, fof the offences in this behalf done by 
them after the faid feaft. And that all the mayors and bailiffs* 
which be wardens of the peace in any cities, towns, or boroughs 
of the realm for the time being, fhall have like power, corredion 
and execution of the faid ordinance fo to be made, and of alj 
ftatutes of labourers within the faid towns, cities, and boroughs, 
is the juftices of peace have in their counties. And moreover* 
That the juftices of peace in every county, and the mayors and 
bailiffs in every fuch city, borough or town, fhall have power 
and authority to make proclamation and execution of and in the 

S H. 6. c,8. premifles as afore is faid. And this ordinance fhall endure till 

5 Eli*, c.4. the end of the next parliament. 

CAP. IV. 

Tbefheriffs traverfe to an inquejl found touching returning 
knights offhiresfor the parliament \ 

A rehearfalof TTEM, where it was ordain- TTEM come ordeigne foit & 

the ftatute of JL ed and eflabTiJhed in the fe- A eftablielan feptifme IeRoy 

u> H h* C th vcnt ^ ? ear °f ^* H & ^ enrv th* H. quart aiel noftre feignur le 

fonn of* * Fourth* grandfather of our lord Roy qoreft qe chivalers des 

choofing of the King that now is^That knightf countees pur 1c parlement foi- 

knighti for of '/hires for the parliament Jhmld ent efluz en mancr & fourme 

the parha- l e chofen in the manner and form qenfuite ceftaffavoir qe al pro- 

*** # following ; that is to fay, at the chein countee a tenir apres la 

• next county to be holden after the livere de brief de parlement 

delivery eft he writ of the par Ha- proclamation foit fait en plcin 

ment 9 proclamation /ball be made countee del jour & lieu de 

in parlement 



•3 



Aono fexto Henrjci VI. 



ioj 



nent & qe toutz ceux qi 
es fount prefcntes fibien 
irs ducment fummonez 
dl caufe come autres en- 
nt a la elcdtion de lour 
ters pur le parlement & 

Es en plein countee alent 
dion liberalment & eiv- 
ment non obftant afcun 
ou comaundement a con- 
ic apres qils foient eflu* 
; les perfonz eflieux pre- 

ou abfentz foient lour 
s efcriptz en endentures 
bz les feales de toutz 
qi eux eflifount & tachez 
: brief de parlement quele 
iture iflint enfealez & ta- 
(bir tenua pur la retoume 
it brief qant as chivalers 
rontees & qe en brief de 
nent affair en temps, ave- 
it mys cede claule Et e- 
urn tuam in pleno comitate 
8amfubftgillotuo W figillis 
quiekftioni illi inter fuerint 
in canccllaria noftra ad diem 
urn prediftos artifices indi- 
Et pur tant qe en mefme 
tit null peine fuift ordinez 
ys en efpecial fur les vif- 
iz des countees fils faccnt 

retourne al contrarie du 
tatut ordeine fuift & efta- 
lan xie le dit Roy Henry 

qe les juftices as aflifes 
Ire eient poair denqueref 
>ur feflfions des aflifes de 
retournes faitz& fi paren- 
& due examination trove 
evaunt meftnes les juftices 
cun tiel vifcount eit fait 
:een apres afcun retourne 
mtre la tenure du dit efta- 
e mefme le vifcount en- 
!£ la peine de C )i. apaiers 
aflxe dit feignur le Roy. 
jtre ceo qe les chivalers 
rountees enfi nient due- 

retournez perdent lour 
gagcz 



in thefult county rf the day and 
place of the parliament, (2) and 
that all they which be pretext 
there, as well fuitors duly jum- 
nmod for this caufe, as other, 
Jbstt attend to the eleftion of their 
Knights for the parliament ; ( 3) 
and then in full county they flak 
proceed to the eleition freely and 
indifferent fy, notwith (lauding any 
requeji or commandment to the 
contrary ; (4) and that after they 
be chofen, whether fuch perfons 
chofen be prefent or dbfent, their 
names Jball be written in inden- 
tures, under the feeds of all the 
choofers, and annexed to the faid 
writ of parliament, which inden- 
ture Jofedkd and tacked, flail be 
bolden for the return of the faid 
writ, as to the knights of the faid 
flires : (5) and alfo in the writs, 
of the parliament hereafter to be 
made, tins claufe flail be put in 
the manner as followeth : Et e- 
le&ionem tuam in pleno comi- 
tatu tuo fa&am diftin&e tc 
apertefub figillo tuo & figillis eo- 
rum qui ele&ioni illi interfile* 
rint, nobis in cancellaria noftra 
ad diem & locum in brevi con- 
tentos certifices indilate. (6) 
And for that in the fame ftatute 
no pain was ordained, nor'fpecial- 
lyfet upon thefleriffs of the coun- 
ty, if they make their return con- 
trary to the (aid ftatute, it was 
ordained ana eftablifled the ele- 
venthyear of the faid King Hen- B ^ ^ rf 
ry the Fourth, That the juftices ,, h. 4 c.i. 
of affifes Jhould have power to in- juftices of af- 
quire in their feffms of afftfet of M\^^}* m 
fuch returns made 5 (7) and if it 5?™ *£: 
be found by inquejl and due cxa- f knight* of 
mination before the fame juftices^ tfie parlia- 
that any fuch fleriff hath made % ment. 
or hereafter flail make, any re- 
turn contrary to the tenor of the 
faid ftatute, that the fame, fleriff 
Jhould incur the pain of an hun- 
dred 



I08 



The. knights 
chofcn for the 
parliament, 
and (heriffs of 
counties, may 
have their 
traverfe of an 
office found 
mgainftthem. 



Anno fexto Henrici VI. [ 14*7, 

dred pounds, to be paid to our faid gagez de parlement auncien<- 
lord the King. (8) And moreo- ment accuftumez a trefgraun4 
w, f&tf the knights fo unduly mefchief dez vifcountz & chi- 
retumed fball lofe their wages of valers des CQuntccs qi fount 
the parliament tn old times aceuj- forbarrez & oufteez de lour 
tomed\ (9) to the great mifchief refpounce encountrc ticlx en- 
offberiffs and knights of the fbire* qucftes doffice prifez devaunt 

lcs ditz juftices a caufe de let 
ftatut & ordeignaunce fuifditz 
noftre feignur Ie Roy voillanj 
en ceo cas purvoir de remedie 
ad ordeigne & eftable qe toutz 
les chivalers des eountees pur 
ceft prefent parlement efluz tt 
les vifcountz dicellcs counteet 
envers queux afcuns enqueftes 
ou offices de noun due election 
font trovez devaunt les juftices 
daflifes aient lour refpounfes & 
travers envers les ditz enquef- 
tes & offices et auxi toutz les 
chivalers defore enavaunt iffint 
a eflierz & les vifcontz qi fer- 
ront tielx elections aient lour 
refpounce & travers enverf 
tielx enqueftes & offices de> 
vaunt afcuns juftices des affi T 
fes defore apprendrez. Et nt 
foient les ditz chivalers & vif- 
countz en damage? envers no- 
ftre dit feignur ic Roy ou fes 
fucceflburs per aicun tiel en- 
queft pris ou apprendre tanqe 
ils foient duement convidz for 
lone la forme de la ley. 



which beforebarred and put out 
of their anfiver againfi fuch in- 
fue/ls of office taken before the f aid 
judges* becvufe of theflatute and 
ordinance a/orejaid; (10) our 
lord the King willing in this 
cafe to provide remedy, hath 
ordained and eftabliflied, That 
all the Knights of the (hires 
chofen for this prefent parlia- 
ment, and the (heriffs of the 
fame counties againft whom 
any inquefts or offices of undue 
election be found before the 
juftices of aflifes, (hall have 
their anfwer and traverfe to 
fuch inqueft of office taken ; 
(11) and alfo all the knights 
irom henceforth fo to be cho- 
fen, and the (heriffs that (hall 
make fuch elections, (hall have 
their anfwer and traverfe to fuch 
inquefts and offices before any 
juftices of aflifes hereafter to 
betaken; (12) and the faid 
knights and (heriffs (hall not 
be endamaged unto our faid 
lord the King, or his fuccef- 



I H* 6. c.7. 



aiflkot 
of fevers (hall 
be granted 
duimg ten 
yean. 



fors, for any fuch inqueft ta- 
ken or to be taken, until they be duly convift according to 
the form of the law. 

CAP. V. 

Several commiffions of fewer s fhall be granted. The form of 
the commifjton, 

TEM noftre treflbvereiri 



ITEM, our fovereign lord 
the King, by the advice 
and aflent aforefeid, confider- 
ing the great damage and lof- 
fes, which now late be hap- 
pened by the £reat inundation 
of waters in divers parts of the 
realm, 



T 

X feignur le Roy de ladvys & 
aflent fuifditz confiderantz les 
graundes damagez & perdes 
qore tarde fount avenuz pat 
les graundes creteines del eawe 
en aiverfes parties du roialme 

& 



I Anno fcxto Henrici VI. 109 

plufours greindres da- realm, and that much greater 

font verifemblablement damage is very like to enfue, 

firemedie ne foit ha- if remedy be not fpeedily provi- 

:nt purveu ad ordine & ded r hath ordained and granted, 

; qe par dys ans pro- ( 1 ) That during ten years next 

nen: enfuanta feveralx enfuing federal commiffions of 

fllons de fewers foient fewers (hall be made to divers 

5 diverfes perfones par perfons by the chancellor o£ 

inceller dEngleterre pur England for the time being, to 

3S efteant a nomers en be fent into all parts of the 

es parties de roialme qe realm where (hall be needful, 

• ferra fo.onc la fourme according to the form that fol- 
it: &c. loweth: 

HENRT, by the grace of God King of England, &c. n* form .of 
$ well beloved and faithful A. B. C. and D. greeting. ^ c n ^fc^, 

ye, That whereas the walls, ditches, cutters, fewers, %1 h %,q;$. 
s, caufeys, and wears by the coafts of the fea, and 
, within the coafts and limits of Lindfey in the county of 
r, by the rage of the fea flowing and reflowing, and 
es ot frefh waters by divers places defccnding to the fea, be 
ived and broken, that many ineftimablc damages for de* 
/reparation ot the fame walls, ditches, gutters, bridges, 
s» and wears, in times paft have happened there, and 

is to be feared that much more hurt within (hort time 
ippen, unlefs that fome fpeedy remedy be provided there- 
(3) We for as much as by reafon of our regal dignity we Cdmmi/Boa* 
inden to have regard to the fafety of our realm ot England en . fta ^ **• 

places, willing in this behalf to provide convenient and 2nnoyanc« t 

* remedy, have affigned you, &c. of which, &c. we will to and by whofe 
5, our juftices to furvey the walls, ditches, gutters, fewers, default the/ 
is, caufeys, wears, and trenches, (4) and to enquire by happened, 
ithaswell of knights, as other good and lawful men of hathSnds/ 
id county, as well within liberties as without, by whom common, 
Jth of the matter may be bed known, by whofe default fuch or fithing 
5CS have there happened, and who doth hold lands and te- there, and 
its or hath any common of pafture or fifhine in thofe [jj® ^^e* 

or elfe in any wife have, or may have the defence, pro- annoyances, 
id fafeguard, as well in peril nigh, as from the fame far or benefit by 
»y the faid walls, ditches, gutters, fewers, bridges, cau- the repair <£ 
md wears, and alfo hurt or commodity by the fame trench- j5Sbriiniii« 
;) and there to diftrain all them for the quantity of their f J. reptja- 

and tenements, either by the number of acres, or by tion*. 
plow lands, for the rate ot the portion of their tenure, or 
e quantity of their common of pafture or fifhing, together 
lie bailiffs of liberties, and other places of the counties and 

aforefaid, to repair the faid walls, ditches, gutters, fewers, 
:t, caufeys, and wears, in the places neceifary, and the 
dt other, as often and where (hall be needful to make of 
and to cleanfe the faid trenches in places neceflary, and if 
ae to (lop them up : (6) fo that no tenants of lands or te- 

neoients 



no 

None (hall be 
fpared that 
may receive 
benefit or loft. 
5 Co. 100. 
10 Co. 141. * 
4 Mod. 350. 



Taking the 
account of 
the collectors. 



Diftraining 
for the ar- 
rearages of 
the collection. 
Making of or- 
dicances for 
the defence of 
theica-bauks. 



Taking of la- 
bourersto 
work in the 
reparations. 



PonHhment 
of them wiiich 
do neglctt or 
refuie to re- 
pair tbeir 
proportion 
aiCgned. 



The flieriffs 
and jurors 
(hall be at- 
tendant upon 
the comimf- 
fioners of 
fewer*. 



Anno fcxto Henkici VL [1+27. 

nements, nor any having common of pafture or (idling, rich or 
poor, nor other of what condition, (late or dignity, which hav« 
or may have defence, commodity and fafeguard by the faid walls, 
ditches, gutters, fewcrs, bridges, caufeys, or wears, or dfc 
any hurt \m the faid trenches, (whether they be within liberties 
or without) (hall in any wife be fpared in tnis : (7) and for a- 
giftments upon the fea banks for prefervation of the faid parts, 
according to the number of the acres or perches by you, «c. of 
whom, &c. we will to be one, newly to number, and as often 
and where (hall need of new to make. (8 ) And to depute certain 
diligent and true keepers for the faid prefervation, and to hear 
the account of the collectors of the money which (hall be levied 
for this caufe, and to be fpent in the reparation and amendment 
of the faid walls, ditches, gutters fewers, bridges, caufeys, and 
wears, and (lopping of the faid trenches. (9) And to diftrain 
by you, &c. of whom, &c. we will to be one, or by other whom 
ye (hall thereto depute for the arrearages of fuch collection, as 
often as need (hall be, and as ye (hall think meet, (10) and to 
make and ordain neceflary and convenient (latutes and ordinan- 
ces for the defence and fafety of the (aid fea banks and marines, 
and the parts adjoining, according to the laws and cuftoms of 
Romncy mar(h, and to hear and determine according to the laws 
and cuftom of our realm of England^ and the cuftom of Rmney 
marlh, all and (ingular the premifes, as well at our fuit, as the 
fuit of any other that will complain before you in this behalf: 
(11) and to take and put in the faid works and reparations, as 
many ditchers and other workmen and labourers for the faid 
workmanship and reparations, as may fuffice for the great, 
fpeedy, and inftant neceflity, upon competent wages to them in 
this behalf to be paid. ( 12) And therefore we command you, 
That at certain days and places which you, &c. of whom, &c. 
we will to be one, thereto (hall appoint, ye (hail furvey the faid 
walls, ditches, gutters, fewers, bridges, caufeys, wears and 
trenches, and all and Angular the premifes do and accompli(h, 
and hear and determine in form aforefaid : (13) fo that for de- 
fault of reparation of the faid walls, ditches, gutters, fewers, 
bridges, caufeys and wears, and (lopping of the faid trenches, 
no hurt nor peril (hall in any wife happen. (14) And that ye 
compel all them whom ye (hall find negligent or ftubbomly de- 
nying to do reparation, or making of their portions, fpeedily to 
reform and amend the fame by diftreffes and amerciaments, and 
other ways and means which to you (hall beft feem for fuch de- 
faults : (15) and that ye caufe all things which by you lhall be 
ordained in this behalf, as well within liberties as without, 
firmly to be obferved, doing therein as to juftice pertaineth, ac- 
cording to the law and cuftom of our realm of Enrfond^ faving 
to us the amerciament and other things thereof to us pertaining. 
(16) We have alfo commanded our (hcriff of the faid county,, 
that at certain days and places which you, &c. of whom, &c. 
we will to be one, (hall give him to know, he (hall caufe to 
come before you, &c. of whom, &c. we will to be one, fo 

many 



i4 a 9*3 Anno o£U\ro Henrjci VI. in 

many and fuch good and lawful men of his bailliwick, as well 8 H. 6. c.3. 
within liberties as without*'- by whom the truth of the matter ^J 1 */' '*' 
in the premifes may bed be known and enquired. In withefc c,, ° 

whereof, &c. Witnefs, &c. 



10. 
3 Jac. 1. c.14. 
7 A«. c.10. 



CAP. VI. 



ic. 



All merchants mayjhip tnercbandife in Melcomb baven % and 
carry them to Calais. 

ITEM, it is ordaifted by the authority of the fame parliament, Ex edit Raft. 
That every merchant, as well denizen as alien, may freely Melcomb 
and fafely (hip wools, leather, woolfels, and other mer~r~~^ 
ehdndifes of the ftaple, in the port of Melcomb^ in the county ' 
of Dor/el, and from thence to bring them to the ftaple of Ca- 
lms y paying the cuftoms and fuhfidies due to the King. And 
that no merchant be impeached, molefted, nor grieved by the 
King nor his heirs, for any (hipping of the merchandife afore-- 
fiud in the faid port, any ftatute, ordinance or proclamation 
made to the contrary notwithftanding. 



Statutes made at Weftminfter, Anno 8 Hen. VI. 
and Anno Dom. 1429. 



AD omnipotentis Dei & 
fan&e matris ecclefie 
kudem & honorem chriftianif- 
fimus dominus nofter Henricus 
Dei gratia Rex Ang-ie & 
Francie & dominus Hib.rnie 
iliuftris in parliamento ilo a- 
pud Weftm' in craftmp iani\i 
Mathci apoftoli anno re^n, i'ui 
o&avo tento de avifamentj & 
aflenfu prelatorum procerum & 
magnatum rcgni fui Anglie & 
ad fpecialem requifitionem ac 
de aflenfu communitatis ejuf- 
dem regni in parliamento pre- 
diclo exiftentium quedam fta- 
tuta &-ordinationes pro com- 
muni militate didli regni & 
prefertim pro bona & fana gu- 
bernatione ac debita legis exc- 
cutione habend' in eodem fe- 
cit in forma fubfequenti. 



/ TX) the laud and honour of 
JL almighty God y and of the 
holy mother the church* our moji 
nolle ihriftian lord Henry, by the 
grace of God King of' England 
W Fiance, and lord of 'Ireland* 
:/; bis parliament LrtJen at We(U 
miniter the morrow after St, 
Matthew the apo/lle 9 tie eighth 
year of his rcigii* by the advice 
and ajfent of the prelates and great 
men of his realm ^England, and 
at the f pedal re que ft and ajfent of 
the commons of the fame realm 9 
being in the fid parliament, hath 
made certain JlatuUs and ordinan- 
ces for the common profit of the 
faidrcalm^ and efpeciaUy for the 
good and wholejome government 
and due execution of the law to bo 
had in the fame* in the form fol- 
lowing. 



CAF. 



112 



Anno oftavo Hbnrici VI* 
C A P. I. 



[1429: 



The clergy of the convocation Jball have fuch liberty as the 
great men and commonalty which come to the par* 
hament. 

FIRST, becavfe the prelates TN primis quia prelati & cle- 
and clergy of the realm of JL n 



England, called to the convocd 
tim, and their fervants and fa- 
miliars that come with them to 
fiuh convocations, oftentimes and 
commonly be arrefied, • molejled, 
The dergy and inquictcd\ (%) our faid lord 
coming to the ^ King, willing gracioufly in 
convocation. • . • « °7/- ° °. ■ r * « 

SSlhave this behalf to provide for the 

fuch liberties fecurity and quietnefs of the 
as tbey which {aid prelates and dergy, at the 
come to the fupplication of the feme pre- 
lates and clergy, and by the 
aflent of the great men and 
commons aforefaid, hath or- 
dained and eftablifhed, That 
all the clergy hereafter to be 
called to the convocation by 
the King's writ, and their fer- 
vants and familiars, (hall for 
ever hereafter fully ufe and en- 
joy fuch liberty or defence in 
coming, tarrying, and return- 
ing, as the great men and 



parliament. 



5H.4.C.6. 
<iH.6x.fi. 



commonalty of the realm of 
England, called or to be called 
to the King's parliament do 
enjoy, and were wont to en- 
joy, or in time to come ought 
to enjoy. 

CAP 



rus regni Anglie ad convo- 
cationem evocati eorumque 
fervientes & familiares qui cum 
eifdem ad convocationem hu- 
jufmodi veniunt fepius ac fire* 
quenter areftantur moleftantur 
& inquietantur volens igitur 
di&us dominus nofter Rex pro' 
fecuritate, & quiete didorum 
prelatorum & cleri in hac parte 
profpicere graciofe ad fupplica- 
tionem corundem prelatorum 
& cleri & de aflenfu procerum 
magnatum & communitatii 
predi&orum ordinavit & ftatu- 
it quod vocandi in futurum ad 
convocationem cleri pretextu 
brevis regii eorumque fervien- 
tes & familiares eadem liber- 
ate five immunitate veniendo 
expedtando k redeundo plene 
gaudeant & utantur perpetuus 
futuris temporibus qua gau- 
dent & gaudere confueverunt 
five gaudere debent in futurum 
proceres five magnates ic 
communitas regni Anglie ad 
parliamentum domini regis vo- 
cati five vocandi. 



II. 



JV* merchants of England Jhall enter into the dominion of 
the King ^Denmark, but at Northbarn. 

Ba.edit.Rfft. TTEM, becaufe that the King's moft dear uncle the King of 
JL Denmark, Norway, and Sweden, (as the fame our fovereign 
lord the King of his intimation hath underftood) confidering 
the manifold "and great lofles, perils, hurts and damage, which 
Of late happened, as well to him and his, as to other foreigners 
and ftrangers, and alfo friends and fpecial fubjedts of our faid 
fovereign lord the King of his realm of England, by the going 
in, entering, and paflage of fuch foreign and ftrange perfons 
into his realm of Norway and other dominions, ftreights, terri- 
tories, jurifdidicn*, and places, fubdued and fubjeft to him, 

especially 



1429O Ar ™ d oftaVo Henrici VI. 1 13 

fcfpecially into hfs ifles of Finmark and elfwhere, as well in theif 
pcrfons as in their things and goods, for efchewirig *f fuch lof- 
fes* perils,. hurts and damages, artd that fuch like (which God 
prohibit) Ihould not hereafter happen, the faid Uncle of otir 
faid fovereign lord the King hath ordained and ftatuted,That all 
and Angular ftrangers, as well Englijbmen and other, willing 
to apply by (hip and come into his realm of Norway and other 
dominions, (freights, territories, jurifdi&ions, ifles and places 
iforefaid, with their fhips; to the intent to get or have fi(h, or 
any other merchandifes or goods, (hall apply or Come to his 
town of Northbarum* where the fard King of Denmark hath fpe- Denmark, 
cially ordained and eftablifhed his flaple for the concourfe of 
ftrangers, and efpeciaily of Engliflmen*' to the exercife of fuch 
tnerchandifes, granting to the faid Englijbmen* that they (hall 
there enjoy in and by all things the fame favour, privileges and 
and prerogatives, which they of the Hanfe did enjoy : therefor^ 
our laid fovereign lord the King, willing the love, affinity, and 
amities to be firmly obferved, which' betwixt his faid uncle and 
his noble progenitors of good memory, their realms,' lands;" do- 
minions, (freights, territories, jurisdictions, and their faid places, 
and the fame. our fovereign lord the King, and iirs noble pro- 
genitors of famous memory, his great men, fubjeds, realms, 
lands, and dominions, hath been of old times hitherto conti- ' 

hued, nor nothing by our faid fovereign lord the King or his 

Eiople to be attempted or done, whereby fuch amities, by rea- 
n of any diflentiohs, enmities or difcorqs might Be broken, by 
the advice of the lords fpiritual and temporal, and of the com-* 
tnons of his faid realm of England aflembled in this prefent par- 
liament, hath ordained, prohibiting that none of his liege peo- 
ple nor fubjcAs of his realm of England* by audacity of their 
tolly, prefume to enter the realms, lands, dominions,- (freights, 
territories, jiirifdi&ioris and places of the faid King of Denmark* 
ggainft the ordinances, prohibition and interdiction of the fame 
his uncle alxwe remembered, and in contempt of the fame* 
Upon pain of forfeiture of all their moveable goods, and impri- , ^ . 
fonment of their perfori at the King's will. Rep.iH.l.c.rf« 

CAP. HI. 

Commijfioners of fewers may execute their own ordinance. 

ITEM noftre feignur k Roi TTEM, our lord the King c H.6.c$< 

confiderant coment au X confulerihg how at the loft 

darrein parlement termz a parliament balden at Weftmin- 

Wcftm' Ian de fon roialme fif- fter, the ftxtb year of hit reign he 

me ordeine*& grants eftoit par did ordain and grants by autbori- 

auftorite du dit parliament qe ty of the Jaid parliament* That/e-^ 

feveralx commiflions de fewers veral comrnijftons of fewers Jbould 

fenroient faitz as diverfes per- be made to divers perfons by the 

tones par la chaunceller dEng- chancellor of England for the 

letenre pur le temps efteant a time being* to be named* in all 

nomerz en toutz les parties de parts of the realm where /ball be 

roialme ou meftier (erroit fouz needful* under a certain form in 
Vol. III. certcin I the 



U4 Anno o&avo Henrici V!: [i4*9, 

ibefaid ordinance and grant con- certein forme en les ditz ordi- 

taintd\ (a*) by which ordinance nance & grante contenuz par 

and grant the faid comnuffioners ouelles ordinance ic grante les 

bad no power nor authority to do y ditz commiffioners navoient 

perform, nor execute the things poair ne audtortte de fair par- 

eomprifed within the feud cormmf- fourner ne dexecuter les cho- 

fio*s> (3) and therefore ne fes oomprifes deinz les ditz 

The commit hath ordained and eftablifhed, commiffions & pur ceo ad or- 

fioncrsof by authority of this parliament, deinc& cftablie par au&orite 

fewer* (hall That all fuch commiffioners de cefte prefent parlement qe 

exe^lheir &*& n3LVC power to do, ordain, toutz tielx commil&onert aient 

•refinances, and execute the ftatutes, ordi- poair pur fair ordiner ic execu- 

nances, and other affairs to be ter eftatuits ordinances ic au- 

made according to the effeft tres affairx folonc lefieft ic 

and purport of the find com- purport dez commiffions a- 

miffions. vauntditz. 

CAP. IV. 

None Jhall buy nor wear a livery to have maintenance in 
any quarrel. 
Ex edit. Raft. TTEM, whereas it is ordained by divers ftatutes made in the 
JjJJJJrhat, JL times of the King's noble progenitors, that no Knight, nor 
other of left eftate fhould give any livery of cloths or hats to 
other than to bis menials, and his officers and men learned in 
the one law or the other, upon the pain of an C s. to be levied 
of the giver, and xls. of the taker, as often as they do the con- 
trary, and he that would fue, (hould have the one half of the 
pain after that they thereof be duly convift, and that the juf- 
tices of aflifes, and iuftices of peace in every county of England 
fhould have power from time to time in their feflions, to en- 
quire of the faid matters, and them to hear and determine, as 
in the (aid ftatutes and ordinances fully appeareth, which fta- 
tutes and ordinances have not been duly kept, becaufe that they 
that do contrary to the faid ftatutes and ordinances, before the 
faid iuftices may not be indi&ed, for great maintenances in this 
behalf: our fovereign lord the King, willing to expel firch 
maintenances, hath ordained by the authority aforefaid, That 
the faid iuftices (hall have power by the fame authority, as well 
at the King's fuit as the parties* to award writs of attachment 
and diftrefs againft all them, which from henceforth do the 
contrary of the (aid ftatutes and ordinances, in the counties 
where they hold their feflions, directed to the (heriffs of the 
fiune counties, returnable before the fame juftices or juftice for 
the time being in their feflions. And if the faid,(herins return, 
that they againft whom fuch writs iflued, have nothing, then a 
Capias zndExigend (hall be awarded againft them, in die man- 
ner as (hall be done againft them that be indi&ed before iufti- 
ces of peace of trefpafles done with force and arm* againft the 
King's peace. And if they appear at any of the (kid writs, the 
(aid juftices (hall have power by authority aforefaid to examine 
them of the matters aforefaid. And they whom they find by 
examination, that have- done the contrary of the laid ftatutes 

and 



*4*9*1 -Aririo <^vo Henrici VI. 1 1 jf 

fcnd ordinances, (hall incur the pain comprifed in th* faille (ta- 
totes, that is to fay, the giver an Cs. and the taker xls. as of- 
ten as they do the contrary, in the manner and form as they 
bught if they were by inqueft duly before the faid juftices con- 
viA, fo that the faid ftatutes and ordinances extend them (as 
to examination) to liveries for to be given againft the form of 
the faid ftatutes thereof made before this time, after the fean\ 
of Chrtfhnas next coming; Provided, That the faid ordinances 
extend as well in the counties of Chefter and Laniafter by thd 
Examination and procefs as afore is faid, of the iufhee of Chef'. 
ter or his lieutenant there, as by examination of the juftices of 
the county of Lancajler* fo to be made againft all them which 
(hall do tne contrary of the faid ordinances in time to come. 
Provided alfo* That all the ftatutes and ordinances before made 
and not repealed,* of liveries of cloths by lords given or to be 
given againft the form of the faid ftatutes* lhall ftand in the 
force. And that this ftatute extend not as to the execution of 
examination to the mayor and Sheriffs of London^ for the timd 
that they (hall be officers, (erjeants of the law, at the time that 
they take the fame eftate upon them* and them that do com-* 
mence in the universities within the realm of England at tho 
time of their Commencement, nor to them which for the time 
iforefaid (hall take any fuch liveries of them. And alio that all 
thofe that lhall take any fuch liveries of cloths or of hats of 
Any lord fpiritual or temporal, or of any great lady in or of 
England, againft the form of the faid ftatutes, they lhall be like- 
trife examined and punifhed in the manner as they that take 
fuch liveries of knights or other of lefs eftate as berortf. Pro* 
vided always, That in the time of war it (hall be lawful to the 
lords, knights, and efquires, that do travel in fuch war, to 

g've their liveries of clothing or of hats to their foldiers* and in 
ch wife as to them beft (hall feem. And that it (hall be law- 
ful to fuch foldiers to take and wear fuch liveries of clothing or 
of hats for the time of fuch war* without being in any wife mo-» 
Jeftcfd in this part by force or virtue of the fame ftatutes. And 
that moreover, if any pcrfon, of what eftate or condition he be* 
after the faid feaft of Chriflmas^ as of his own authority and pro- 
per eoAs do buy or wear for hit clothing any cloths or hats 
tailed liveries, of the fort or of fuit of any lord, lady, knight, 
e(quire,> or other perfon* for to have fupportation, hieeour, 
or maintenance in any quarrel, or in any other manner, if he 
t>e thereof duly convia by examination or otherwife, before by. 
the ftatutes declared, he (hall incur the pain before limited of 
them that take liveries of lords or other perfons aforefaid, and 
moreover (hall have a whole year's impritonment without being . * . 
let to bay or mainprife, for their felfity and fubtil imagination in *' p< 3 ^* TU 
this part. 

CAR V, 

Etery city and bdroiigb Jball have a common balance and 

weight. Who may hty wool and yarn. 

ITEM come par la graunde T TEM, Whereas by the Great 
chartrc dez libcrtees du X Chatter of the liberties of the 
f otalmo X 2 realm 



1 1 6 Anno o&avo Henrici VL 

9 H. 3. ftat. 1. realm of England, and by a jla 



c * J£ a tute mj dc the twenty fifth year 
lf£? r 9 f **** Edward /A<r 72/Vv/, it 
»*5Ed.3.ftat.i. wjj ordained^ and by a ftatute 
c. 6. »w</* in the thirteenth year of 

a 7 Ed.3.ftat.i. Xing Richard the Second, con- 

11 it's. ftat. i.fi rme ** < H >at one wel &kt and one 
c. 9/ ' meafure Jbould be through all the 
realm of England, as well out 
of the flaple as within ; (2) and 
tn the fame flaiute of the faid 
noble king Edward, // is con- 
tained, that the weight called 
auncel, for the great hurt and 
fubtile deceits done by the fame mea- 
fure to the common people * /ball be 
utterly left, and Jet apart , (3) 
and the wools, and all other man- 
ner of mercbandifes, and all other 
things weighable, bought or fold, 
fhau be weighed by the balance, 
fo that the tongue of the balance 
do not incline more to the one party 
than the other, with weights 
fcaled, and according to the flan d- 
ard of the exchequer ; (4) and he 
that doth contrary \ to the damage 
of the feller \ Jhatl forfeit to our 
lord the King the value of the 
goods fo weighed or tneafured-, 
(5) and that the party complain- 
ant Jball have his quartreble da- 
mages. (6) And by the faid fta- 
tute of the faid noble King 'Ri- 
chard, it was added. That the 
offender JhaU be imprifoned by two 
years, and make fine and ranfom 
at the will of our lord the King ; 
(7) and that the juftices of peace 
fbould have power to inquire of the 
faid defaults, as well at thefuit 
of our lord the King, as the par- 
ties; (8) our lord the King, 
by the authority of this parlia- 
ment, hath ordained and efta- 
bliftied, That the ftatutes and 
and ordinances aforefaid Ihall 
be firmly kept and holden,and 
Araitly executed. 

II. And 



roialme & par eftatuit fait Ian 
xxvje. du Roy E. tierce online 
foit & par eftatuit fait Ian xiije. 
du Roi Richard le feconde con- 
fermee qe une pois & une me- 
fure foit parmy tout le roialme 
fibien hors de leftaple come de» 
deinz & en m'efme leftatuit da 
dit Roi E. contenu foit qe le 
pois appellez auncell pur graun- 
des damages & fotilx deceites 
faitz par icell a le commune 
poeple foit tout outrement lef- 
fez & qe lez lains & touts 
manerz des chofes poifablez 
achatez ou venduz foient poi- 
fez par la balance iffint qe la 
lange de balaunce nencline a 
June partie ne a lautre ovefqe 
poifes enfealez & accordant^ 
a leftandard de lefcheker et 
celuy qi face le contrarie al 
damage del vendour forface au 
Roy la value des biens enfi 
poifez ou mefurez et qela partie 
compleignant ait fez damages 
au quatreble. Et par le dit 
eftatuit du dit Roi Richard 
addez foit qe le trefpaflbur foit 
emprifone par deux ans & face 
fyn & raunceon a la volunte 
le Roi et qe les juftices du pees 
aient poair denquerer dez ditz 
defautes fibien al fuite de Roi 
come de partie noftre feignur 
le Roi parau<5torite de cefte par- 
lement ad ordine qe lez ditz 
eftatui tz foient fermement tenuz 
& gardez&eftrpitmentexecutz. 
Et enoutre pur efchuer pluf- 
ours graundes mefchiefs qount 
avenuz deinz ledit roialme par 
lez ditz auncelles et efpecial- 
ment pur deftruer la fauxetee 
de les regratours du file ap- 
pellez ycrnchoppers ordinez eft 
par noftre dit feignur le Roi & 
par auftorite fuildite qen chef- 
cune citee burgh & ville du 
roialme foit une commune ba- 
lance 



Anno o&avo Henrici VI. 



ovcc communes poifes 
!Z & accordantz a left- 

dc lcfchequcr fur la 
line collage du dite cite 
ou ville en la garde del 
>u conftables dicell as 
balaunces & communes 
toutz les enheritantz de 

la citee burgh ou ville 
nt tielx poifes & autres 

fils voillent puiflent 
raent poifer fanz rien 
er preignant nientmeins 
reins pur chefcune trett 
s le pois de xl. li. i. qua 9 

chefcun trett parentre 
?. li. i. ob. & pur chef- 
ett parentre C et m li. i. 
>luis dont lez poifes fer- 
lintenuz &lomcerloial- 
K>ifant regardez par la 
on des chiefs dicell citee 
>u ville folonc fa enten- 
i la dit« occupation foit 

ou meins. Et qe null 
; achate file de laine ap- 
ollenyern (il ne. voet ent 
ap ne ufe pois ne me- 

autre chofe en lieu de 
i- mefure qe ne foit en- 
& accordant a le dit 
rd ne mette afcun chofe 
par vole de pendure ou 
re ou en afcun autre 
je puifle encrecer la mc- 

le pois ou empedier la 
« par avoir fon naturell 
ir les forfeiture & peine 
tz. Et qe les juftices 

mairs baillifs & fenef- 
ss fraunchifes aient poair 
torite fuifdite dexaminer 
paflburs en ceo cas & 
querer en efpecial de 
cfpaflburs encountre ceft 
ce & a fair execution 
:ji fount trovez defe&ifs 
ueftes ou par examina- 
lir par lez ditz juges ou 
en ceo cas en maner 
sfuis eft dit. Et qe cede 
ordi- 



"7 

II. And moreover, for to Regrator* of 
efchew divers great mifchiefs Y*™* c *j Je d 
T/vhich have happened within p ^ ^ 
the realm of England by the 
faid auncel, and efpecially for to 
deftroy the falfehood of the 
regrators of yarn, called Term- 
Choppers, [%) it is ordained by 
our faid lord the King, by au- 
thority aforefakl, That in every Every city, 
city, borough, and town of the trough, and 
realm of Eng tand, a common %££L 
balance (hall be, with com- mon balance 
mon weights fealed, and act- and weights, 
cording to the (landard of the 
exchequer, upon the common 
cofts of the faid city, borough j 
or town, in the keeping of the 
mayor or conftable of the fame ; 
(3) at which balance and com- 
mon weight, all the inhabi- 
tants of the fame city, bo- 
rough, or town, that have not 
fuch weights, and other that 
have, if they will, may freely 
weigh without any thing pay- 
ing; (4) taking neverthelefs 
of foreigns for every draught 
within the weight of xl. li. a 
farthing, and for every draught 
betwixt forty pound and an 
hundred pound, an halfpenny, 
and for every draught betwixt 
an hundred pound and a thou- 
fand pound, a penny at the 
moftj (5) whereof the weights 
(hall be maintained, and the 
officer lawfully weighing re- 
warded by the difcretion of 
the chief men of the city, 
borough, or town, according 
to his attendance to his faid 
bufinefs, be it more or lefs, 
(6) And that no man buy yam No man (ball 
of wool, called woollen yarn, buy woolJen. 
unlefs he will make cloth there- yam, unlefe 
of, nor ufe weight nor mea- £SJ£& 
fure, nor other thing in the R cp . aI j^. h 
place of weight or meafure, c. 18. 
that is not fealed according to 
the faid ftandard, nor fet any 
I 3 thing 



n8 AnnoodavoHENRiciVT. [*4*9f 

thing to the (ame by the way ordinance foit tenuz & obfcr- 
• Bfmxty §f of tacking or hiding *, or in vez de le fed de pafqe prof- 
*!2E? * *** ^y other manner that may in- chein enfuant pur toutz jours. 
V""?* creafe the meafureor weight, Et qe chcfcun citee fur peine 

or let the balance to have his de x. li. chefcuqe l?urgh fur 
patural courfp, upon the for- peine de C. s. & chefcune ville 
feiture ?nd penalty aforefjud, ou un coneftable eft fur peine 
(7) And tl>at the juftices of de xl. s. ait une commune ba- 
peace, mayors, bailiffs, and launce ovec pbtfes accordant^ 
Rewards of franchifes, have a le dit eftandard dedeinz deux 
power by authority aforefaid mois fipres proclamation faite 
to examine the trefpaflers' in de cefte ordinance, let quelies 
this cafe, and to inquire if) ef- peines ferront levez al oeps de 
pecial ot offenders againft this Roi a tant de foitz qils ferront 
prdinance, and to do execution trovez defeclifs depuis la pro* 
of them that be found faulty clamation defluifdite, 
by inquefts, , or by examina- 
tion to be m^de by the faid judges or officers in this cafe| 
in the manner as afore is faid. (8) Afid that this ordinance be 
holden and ohferved from the feaft of Eajler next enfuing. 
The forfeiture for ever. (9) And that every city, upoq pain ot ten pounds* 
pf a city or every borough upon pain ot an hundred (hillings, and every 
common 1 ^ towp w * lcrc a contf a We is upon pain of forty (hillings, have a 
lance and common balance with weights according to the faid ftandard* 
^eights. within two months after proclamation made of this ordi? 
0H.6.C.6.&8. f^nce; which penalty (hall be levied to the ufc of our lord 
11 H. 6. c. 8. the King, as often as they (hall be faulty after the (aid proda? 
f 1 H. 7. c. +. ^nation. 

CAR VI. 

If any threaten by cafting of bills to burn a loufe % if money 
be not laid in a certain pUce \ and after do bum tie boufe ; 
Such burning of boufesfball be adjudged high treafon. 

[TEM, fora&nuch as our fovereign lord the King, at the 
grievous complaint to him made by the commons of this 
realm of England in the full parliament hath conceived, that 
jdivers great mifchiefs and fubtil felonies and robberies now late 
' have been doqe in the town of Qmtebrid$t> and in other places, 
in the county of Kent, and Effex* and in other places in die 
realm of England^ by people offenders unknown, which make 
jdhrers bills, directed to divers pepple of the fame towns, counties, 
and other places of the realm of England* commanding them to 
put divers great Aims of money in certain places, where the faid 
Offenders might lightly carry the fame away, without being 
jKHs, t taken or perceived, certifying in the faid bills, that if they 
put not the fame money in the places by the faid bills qffigned 
at a certain day, that the faid offenders would do the ereateft 
and mod outragious vengeance that they might to all than 
that would not let fuch fums there. And for becaufe that finch 
fums have not been put in divers places, according to the pur- 
port of the {ame bills, many houfes and goods and chattels of 

divers 



r 



■] 



Anno o&avo HbnrjcI VI. 



US 



perfons have been fdoniouflyand traiteroufly at Cartel 
and elfewhere in the counties and places aforeuid, burnt 
tterly deftroyed, whereby, the people and the towns, 
ies, and other places aforefiud, be greatly impoverifhed, 
point to be finally deftroyed. The fame our fovereign lord 
ing, willing in this cafe to provide remedy, hath ordained 
ithority of this parliament, That all fuch burnings of 
\ of any perfon, (hall be judged high treafon. And that 
rdinance extend as well in mch burnings made after the 
ly of the reign of our fovereign lord the King till this 
as to burnirgs to be made in time to come, Saving Burnings ef 
i to all lords and other perfons their liberties and fran- ^ oufc> - . - 
as hath been done and ufcd before this time, in cafe of * c £ ' Ed ' *' 
ureoffdony. 9 G.'i.*a», 

cap. vn. 

fort of men /ball be cboofers, and wbofbaU be cbofeu 
knights of the parliament. 

£M come lez elections XT EM, Whereat the tltttim 

X of knights of /hires to come to 
tbeparUaments of oar lord the king, 
in many counties of the realm tf 
England, have new of late been 
made byverygreat*outragious 9 and 



z chivalers dez countees 
a venir as parlements du 
1 plufours countees dEn- 
e ore tarde ount efte 
par trop graunde & ex- 
nombre dez gentz de- 
it* deinz mefmes les 
» dount la greindrc partie 
par gentz finon de petit 
ou de null valu dount 
n pretende davoir voice 
lent quant a tielx dec- 
aire ove les pluis valantz 
era ou efquiers demur* 
deinz mefmes les coun- 
unt homicides notes ba- 
te divhions entre les een- 
; autres gentz de meimes 
antes verifemblablement 
ont & ferront fi cove- 
remedie ne foit purveu 
lie partie noftre feignur 
r confiderant les premifles 
rveu & ordene par auo 
de ceft parlement qe les 
ers des countes deins le 
ie dEngleterre a efliers a 
i les parlements en apres 
rs foient efluz en chefi- 
ounte par gentz demur- 
Ac refeantz en icelles 
chefcun ait frank tene- 
ment 



exceffioe number of people dwel- 
ling within the fame counties of 
the realm of England, of the 
which moft part was of people of 
fmall fuoftance 9 and of no vahe y 
whereof every of them pretended 
a voice equivalent \ as to fuch elec- 
tions to be made, with the moft 
worthy knights and efquires dweU • - 

ing within the fame counties, 
whereby man/laughters^ riots, bat- 
teries, and diviftons among the 
gentlemen, and other people of 
the fame counties* /ball very likely 
rife and be, unlefs convenient and 
due remedy be provided in this be- 
half \ (2) our lord the King, The qnalifi- 
confidering the premifles, hath cations of the 
provided, ordained, and fta- f***** ^J}* 
blilhed, by authority of th«^SS r t ! ,w 
prefent parliament, That the \\ h. 5 . c. 1. 
knights of the (hires to be cho- 10 H. 6. c. *• 
fen within the fame realm of 
England to come to the parlia- 
ments of our lord the King 
hereafter to be holden, (hail 
be chofen in every county of .the 
realm 



i zq Anno oftavo Henrici VI 

jealm of England* by people 
dwelling and refident in the 
fame counties, vr hereof every 
one of them (hall .have free 
land or tenement to the value 
of forty (hillings by the year at 
the lead above all charges j 
(3) and that they which (hall 



What is re 

quired of the be fo phofe (hall be dwelling 

candidates. 

6 H. 6. c. 4. 

Altered by 

jo 1^. 6. c: s. 



The (heriff 



gnd refident within the fame 
counties; (4) and fuch as have 
the greateft number of them 
that may expend forty (hillings 
by year and above, as afore is 
faid, (hall be returned by the 
(berjfFs of every countv, knights 
Tor the parliament, by inden- 
tures felled betwixt the faid 
flieriflfe and the laid c&oofers 

r So to be made. (5) And e^very 

Empowered to /heriff of the realm of England 

e SF linctbe ^^ h * vc P° w * r ' b y tht faid 

SS^cEk?g ^thortty , to examine upon the 
their eftates. eyaogehfts every fuch choofer, 
Jufticetof af- how much he may expend by 
fife to inquire ^ y Car . (6) and if any (heriff 

3 figsz ret r kni g hts to c rv°;^ 

parliament; parliament cootrary to the faid 
renalty on the ordinance, 'the juftices of af- 
iheriff for on- flfes in their febions of aflifes 
(hall have power, by the au- 
thority aforefaid, thereof to in- 
quire; (7) and if by inqueft 
the fame be found before the 
juftices, and the (heriff there- 
of be duly attainted, that then 
the faid (heriff (hall incur the* 
pain of an hundred pounds, to 
be paid to our lord the King, 
and alfo that he have hnprifon* 
ment by a year, without being 
Knights falflv let to bail or mainprife ; (8) 
returned (hall an( j t h at the knights for the 

1st!* *H*if ■ .. °- 

parliament returned contrary to 
the faid ordinance, (hall lofe 
their wages. 

Provided always, That he 
which cannot expend forty (hil- 
lings by year, as afore is (aid, 
^all * - - - - - 



dae return*. 
11 H. 4. c.i. 
a 3 H. 6.c. 15 
Halt 446. 



Jo»'e their 
wage»< 



[1429. 

ment a lc valu de xl s. par an 
al meins outre les reprifes & 
qe ceux qi ferront enfy efluz 
foient derourrantz & refeantz 
deins mefmes les countes & 
ceux qi bunt le greindre nombre 
de yceulx qi poient expends 
par an xl s. & outre come de- 
fuis eft dit foient retournez par 
les vifcontz de chefcun coun- 
tee chivalers pur le parlement 
par indentures enfcaUes paren- 
tre les ditz vifcountz & les 
ditz eflifours ent affaires. Et 
eit chefcun vifcontdEngleterre 
poair par au&orite fuifidite dex- 
aminer fur les fiuntz evange- 
lies chefcun tiel elifour come- 
bien i! poet expendre par an & 
fi afcun vifcount retourne chi- 
valers pur venir au parlement 
au contrarie de yceft ordi- 
naunce qe left juftices des af- 
fifes en lour femons des affifes 
aient poar par audorite fuifdite 
de ceo enquerer. Et fi par in- 
queft ceo foit trove devaunt 
mefmes les juftices & le vif- 
count de ceo duement atteint 
qadonqs le dit vifcounte en- 
courge la peine de C. li. a paiers 
a noftre feignur le Roy & auxi 
qil ait imprifonement par un 
an faunz eftrc leflez au bailie 
au mainprife & qe les chivalers 
pur le parlement au contrarie 
ia dite ordinance retournez per- 
cent lour gages. 

Purveu toutfoitz qecelluy qi 
ne poet expendre xl s. par an 
come defuis eft dit ne loit en 
afcun manere eflifour des chi- 
valers pur le parlement. Et qc 
en chefcun briefe qe iflera crt 
apres as vifcount pur eflier chi- 
valers pur le parlement foit 
mention fait des ditz ordi- 
nances. 



(hall in no wife be choofer of the knights for the parliament; 
(2) and that in every writ that (hail hereafter go forth to the 

(hcriffs 



*4*9-3 



Anno o&avo Henrici VI. 

parliament, mention 



i*i 



Sheriffs to choofe knights for the 
made of the faid ordinances. 

CAP. VIII. 

The fiatute of 6 Hen. VI. c. 3. confirmed, touching the 

wages of labourers, fervants, artificers ; and workmen. 

ITEM, whereas in the laft parliament a good and notable i^ HmK€n 
ftatute was ordained of labourers, fervants, artificers, and * 

workmen, how much they and every of them fhould take by 
the year, half year, day, or week, and of other things com- 
prifed in the fame ftatute and ordinance, which now be expired, 
becaufe that they were not ordaihed to endure but to the next 
parliament then after to be holden. Our fovereign lord the 
King, confidering that the faid ftatute and ordinance was in 
other time made for the weale and common profit of the realm 
of England, • and that they fhould be much profitable to the 
fame realm, if they might endure and be obferved, hath or- 
dained by authority of this parliament, that the faid ftatute and 
ordinance be holden and kept, and put in due execution til] R cp . EKfc 
the King hath othe;wife declared his will in the full parliament, c. 4.* 

C A P, IX. 
The duty of juftices of peace where land is entered upon or 
detained with force. 



ITEM come par le Roy Ri- 
chard nadgairs Roi dEngle- 
terre puis le conqueft feconde 
.a fon parlement tenuz aWeftm' 
lendemain des Almes Ian de 
fon reign xvmeentre autres cho- 
fes ordinez eftoit & eftabliez qe 
les eftatuts & ordinances faitz 
ic nient repellez de ceux qi 
fount entrees ove fort main en 
terres tenementz ou autres pof- 
fcflions qeconqs & lour teig- 
nent eins ove force & auxi de 
ceux qi fount inftfhreAions no- 
tes routes chivaches ou aflem- 
bles en diftourbance de la peas 
Ou de U commune ley ou en 
affraie del poeple ferroient te- 
nuz & plenement executes. 
Et outre ceo ordine eft par 
mefme leftatut qe toutz les 
foitz qe ticls forcibles entres 
foient raitz ic pleint ent veigne 
as juftices de peas ou afcun 
deux qe mefmes les juftices ou 
jtiftice preignent on preigne 
poair del countee & voifcnt oq 

voife 



ITEM, whereas by the noble The ftatute of 
King Richard late King j/'isR.a.c.i. 
England, after the conqueft tie touching for- 
Secondy at his parliament holden ^^^a 
at Weftminfter the morrow after confirmed. 
All-Souls, the fifteenth year of + Co. 4*. 
his reign, amongft other things, Hob.94. 
it was ordained and eftablijbed, »Hawk.Pl.Cr. 
That the ftatutes and ordinances** + * 
made, and not repealed, of them 
that make entries with ftrong hand, 
into lands or tenements, or other 
pojpjjkns whatfoever, and them 
hold with force, and of them that 
make infurreftions, riot$ routs, 
ridings, and affemblies, indiflurb- 
ariee of the peace, or of the com- 
mon law, or in affray of the peo- 
ple, jhmld be holden and fully ex- 
ecuted. (2) Andmvrewer it it 
ordained by the fame fiatute, That 
at all times thpt fitch forcible en- 
tries be made, and complaint there- 
of come to the juftices of peace, or 
any of them, that the fame juftices 
or juftice Jhall take the power of. 
the count y^ aud Jhall go, or one of 

thim 



lai Anno o&&yo Henrici VI. ['429. 

tbemJbaU go, to the place where voifc al lieu ou tie! force foit 



fucb force is made; (3) and if 
they find, or hefindeth, any hew- 
ing fuch place forcibly ^ after fuch 
entry made, they Jhould be taken 
and put in the next gaol, there to 
remain convtil by the record of the 
fame jujlices orjuftice, until they 
have made fine and ran font to the 
King; (4; and that all the people 
ef the county, as well Jberiffs as 
ether ? Jball be attending to the 
faid juftices, and to affift them to 
arr eft fuch malefactors, upon pain 
of imprifonment, and to make fine 
and ranjorn to the King. And that 
in the fame manner be done of 
them that make forcible entries 
into benefices or offices of holy 
church, as in the fame Jlatute is 
contained more at large. 
The defcasof n. And for that the faidjlatute 
tbeftatuteof doth not extend to entries m tene- 
jfe c ;;- 7 . ments in peaceable manner, and 
after holden with force, nor if the 
perfons which enter with force 
into lands and tenements % be re- 
moved and voided before the com- 
ing of the /aid juftices or jufiice, 
as before, nor any pain ordained 
ifthejheriff do not obey the co,. • 
mandments and precepts of the 
faid jujlices for to execute tiefaid 
ordinance, many wrongful and 
forcible entries be daily made in 
lands and tenements by fuch as 
have no right, and alfo divers 
gifts, feoffments, and difcontinu- 
ances foUutimes made to lords, and 
other puiffant perfons, and extor- 
tioners within the faid counties 
where they be converjant, to have 
maintenance, and fometimes to 
fucb perfons as be unknown to 
themfo put out, to the intent to 
delay and defraud fucb rightful 
pojiffirs of their right and reco- 
' very for ever, to the final dijbe- 
rifonof divers of the King *s faith- 
ful liege people, and likely daily to 
increaft) if due remedy be not pro- 
dded 



fait U fils trovent ou trove af* 
cuns tenauntz del lieu fbrri- 
blement apres tiel entre fait 
foient prifez & mifez en pro- 
fchien gaole a y demurer con- 
yidz de record de mefmes left 
juftices ou juftice tanqe ils etent 
faitz fyn & raunceon au Roy. 
Et qe toutz gentz de counte 
fibicn vifcountz come autres 
foient entendantz as ditz jufti- 
ces de eux enforcier pur areftier 
tiels malefaifoursfur peinedem- 
prifonement & de faire fyne & 
raunceon au Roy. Et qe en 
mefme le manere foit fait de 
ceux qi fount fbrcibles entres 
en benefices ou office de feint 
efelife com? en mefme leftatut 
eft contenuz pluis au plein. 

Et pur taunt qe le ait eftatut 
nextende my as entres en tene- 
mentz en peifible manere & a- 
pres tenuz ove force ne fi les 
perfones qentront ove force ca 
terres ou tenementz foient re- 
moevez & voidez devaunt le 
venudes ditz juftices ou juftice 
come devaunt ne null peine or- 
dine fi le vifcount ne obeie my 
les maundementz & precepts 
des ditz juftices pur executier 
lordinance fuifdit ploufours tor- 
cenoufes & forcibles entres 
fount faitz de jour en autre en 
terres & tenementz par ceux 
oi droit nount. Et auxi diver- 
fes douns feoffementz & dif- 
continuances afcun foitz faitz 
as feignurs & autres perfones 
puifiantz & extortioners dein* 
les gountes ou ils fount con- 
verfantz pur maintenance avoir 
& afcuns foitz as tiels perfones 
enfy ouftez difconuz a tiel en- 
tent pur delaicr jc defrauder 
tiels droiturelx poflefiburs do 
lour droit & recoverer a toutz, 
jours a final difheritefon de 
plufyqrs fas fojals liege* de 

Roi 



] 



Anno oftavo Henrici VI. 



"J 



femblable eft dencrefcer 
en autre fi du reipedie 
t purveu ceUe partie, 
(eignur le Roy confide- 
ss prcmifle* ad ordene 
lit eft*tut& toutz autres 
i de dels entres ou ajie- 
devaunt ftitz foient te- 
duement execute ajou- 
iccjle qe fi defore en a* 
afcun face tiel forcible 
en terres tenementz ou 
pofiefiions ou eux tiegjne 
ement apres compleint 
t deins mefme le countc 
J entre foit fait as jufti- 
peas ou un de eux par 
e grcve qe Jes juftices ou 
enfy gamy deins temps 
ible focent ou face due- 
executer le dit eftatut & 
. coftages del partie enfy 

outre ceo coment qe tielx 
les faifantz tiel entre foi- 
efentz ou vokiez devaunt 
iu des ditz juftices ou 
i nientmeins mefmes les 
» ou juftice en afcun bone 
pluis profcheii} as tene- 
i enfy entrez ou en afcun 
wenable folonc louredif- 
n eient & chefcun de eux 
ftorite & poairdenqucrer 
ntz de mefme le countee 
ien de ceux qi fount tielx 
les entrees en terres" U 
lentz come de ceux qi 
signent ove force. Et fi 
foit devaunt afcun deux 
cun face le contrarie de 
(tatut adonqs les ditz ju- 
ou juftice fecent ou face 
jt les terres & tejiementz 
sntrez ou tenuz come de- 
: & mettre la partie enfy 

en plein pofleffion die 
les les terres & tenementz 

devaunt entrez ou tenuz. 
afcune perfone apres tiel 

en terres ou tenementz 
tenuz 



vidid in this behalf: (a) our 
lord the King confidering the The office and 
premiflcs, hath ordained, That t lty of >- 
the laid ftatute, and all other SSfafS! 
ftatutes of fuch entries or alic- cible entry U 
nations made in times paft, made into 
(hall be holden and duly exe- ,and, » «• 
cuted; (3) joined to the fame, gjJftE 
That from henceforth where detainingwith 
any doth make any forcible en- force, 
try in lands and tenements, or Canhcw,49. 
other poffofiions, or them hold 
forcibly, after complaint there- 
of made within the fame coun- 
ty where fuch entry is made, 
to the juftices of peace, or to 
one of them, by the party griev- 
ed, that the juftices or juftice 
fo warned, within a convenient 
time (hall caufe, or one of them 
(hall caufe, the (aid ftatute duly 
to be executed, and that at the 
cofts of the party fo grieved. 

Ill, And moreover though 
that fuch perfons making fuch 
entry be prefent, qr elfe depart- 
ed before the coming of the 
faid juftices or juftice, notwith- 
ftanding, the fame juftices or 
juftice in fome good town next 
to the tenements fo entered, or 
in fome other convenient place, 
according to their discretion, 
(hall have, or either of them 
(hall have, authority and power 
fo inquire by the people of the 
fame county, as well of them 
that make nich forcible entries 
in lands and tenements, as 
of them which the fame hold 
with force; (2) and if it be The remedy 
found before any of them, that where any 
any doth contrary to this fta- P crf ° n f kttfm 
tute, then the laid juftices or S^fiS- 
juftice (hall caufe to refeife the fame land to 
lands and tenements fo entered have mainte- 
pr holden as afore, and (hall "«"*. 
put the party fo put out in full * Caiii?" 
pofleffion of the fame lands uCo.** 
and tenements fo entered or 
holden as before. (3) And if 

any 



"4 



The juftices 
precept to the 
Jheriff to re- 
turn a jury to 
inquire of for- 
cible entries. 



Anno oftavo Henrici VI. [*4 2 9* 

tenuz ove force face feoffement 
ou autre difcontinuancc a af- 
cun feignur ou autre perfone 
pur maintenaunce avoier ou 
pur toller & defrauder le pof- 
feflbur de fa recovcrer en afcun 
maner fi apres en aflife ou au- 
tre a&ion em deftrc prife ou 
purfuez devaunt juftices des 
aflifes ou autres juftices le Roy 
qiconqs par deu enquerre ent 
apprendre purra duement eftre 
prove mefmes les feoffementz 
& difcontinuances eftre faitz 
pur maintenaunce come defuis 
eft dit qe adonqes tielx feoffe- 
mentz ou autre difcontinuance 
enfy come devaunt faitz foient 
vdiaezirritez& tenuz purnulle. 
Et auxi quant les ditz jufti- 
ces ou juftice ferrent tielx en- 
querrez come devaunt facent 
ou face lour garrantz & pre- 
cepts diredtz al vifcount de 
mefme le counte luy comaund- 
ant dep&r le Roy de fair ventr 
devaunt eux & chefcun deux 
riff of the fame county, com- perfones fufficiantz & indiffe- 
mandinghim of the King's be- rentz pluis profcheins demur- 
half to caufe to come before rantz entour les tenementz 



any perfon, after fuch entry 
into lands or tenements holden 
with force, make a feoffment 
or other difcontinuance to any 
lord or other perfon, to have 
maintenance, or to take away 
and defraud the pofleflbr of his 
recovery in any wife, if after in 
aflife, or other a&ion thereof 
to be taken or purfued before 
juftices of aflifes, or other the 
King's juftices whatfoever, by 
due inquiry thereof to betaken, 
the fame feoffments and dif- 
continuances may be duly pro- 
ved to be made for mainten- 
ance, as afore is faid, that then 
fiich feoffments, or other dif- 
continuance, fo as before made, 
fliall be void, fruftrate, and 
holden for none. 

IV. And alfo when the faid 
juftices or juftice make fuch 
inquiries as before, they (hall 
make, or one of them (hall 
make, their warrants and pre- 
cepts to be dire<fted to the (he 



Juror to have 
40 s. per Ann. 



The (heriflTt 
peiyJtyfor 
omitting hit 
duty. 



them, and every of them, fuf- 
ficient and indifferent perfons, 
dwelling next about the lands 
fo entered as before, to inquire 
of fuch entries, (2) whereof 
every man, which (hall be im- 
panelled to inquire in this be- 
half, (hall have land or tene- 
ment of the yearly value of 
forty (hillings by year at the 
leaft, above repriies. (3) And 
that the fheriff return iflues 
upon every of them at the day 
of the firft precept returnable * 
xx. s. and at the fecond day 
xl.s. and at the third time C.s. 
and at every day after, the dou- 
ble. (4) And if any fheriff or 
bailiff within a franchife, hav- 
ing return of the King's writ, 
be flaqk, and make not execu- 
tion 



enfy entrezcome devaunt den- 
querrer de tielx entreez dount 
chefcun qi fcrra empanelle den- 
querer en celle partie ait terre 
ou tenement de annuel value 
de xl. s. par an au meins outre 
les reprifes. Et qe le vifcount 
retourneifluez fur chefcun deux 
au jour de primer precept re- 
tornable xx. s. & al feconde 
jour xl. s. & al tierce foitz C. s. 
& au chefcun jour apres le 
double. Et fi afcun vifcount ou 
bailly deinz fraunchife aiantz 
retoume de briefe du Roy foit 
Jacche & ne fece duement ex- 
ecution des ditz preceptz a luy 
dire&z pur tielx enquerrez faire 
qil forface devers le Royxx.li. 
pur chefcun defeut & outre face 
fyn & raunceon au Roy. 

Et 



] 



Anno oftavo Henrici VI. 



125 



[e auxbien lcs juftices ou 
avauntditzcome les juf- 
es aflifes a lourvcnir en 
ir aflifes prendre eient & 
a de eux ait poair doier 
niner tielx defautes & 
:nces des ditz vifcontz 
ifs & chefcundeeux aux- 
>ar bille al fuite del par- 
re pur luy mefme come 
Roy a fuier come par 
nem a prendre pur le 
ralement. Et fi le vif- 
ou bailly foit duement 
en celle partie par en- 
nt ou par bille qe celuy 
pur luy & pur le Roy eit 
Mtee de la forfaiture de 
enfemblement ove fes 
5 & expenfes. £t qe 
la proceffe foit* fait vers 
iditees ou fuez par bille 
e partie ficome ferroit 
ditez ou fuez par briefe 
>afs fait ove force & ar- 
countre la peas du Roy. 
litre ceo fi afcun perfone 
(le ou diffeifie dafcuns 
*u tenementz ove for- 
tanere ou oufte peifible- 
: apres tenuz dehors ove 
iain ou apres tielle entre 
eoffement ou difconti- 
en afcune manere ent 
: pur defrauder & toller 
del pofleflbur qe la par- 
e en celle partie eit aflife 
ell diiTeifeine ou briefe 
pas vers tiel difleifour. 
1 partie greve recovere 
fe ou par a&ion de tref- 
Uove foit par verdit ou 
e manere par due forme 
qe la partie defendant 
ve force en terres & te- 
:z ou eux par force a- 
n entree tiendra qe le 
: recovera fes damages 
le vers le defendant & 
K) qil face fyn & raun- 
1 Roy. Et qe mairs ju- 
stices 



tion duly of the (aid precepts 
to him directed to make fuch 
inquiries, that he (hall forfeit 
to the King xx. li. for every, 
default, and moreover (hall 
make fine and ranfom to the 
King. 

V, And that as well the juf-. 
tices or juftice aforefaid, as the 
juftices of aflifes, and every of 
them, at their coming into the 
country to take affiles, (hall 
have, and every of them (hall 
have, power to hear and deter- 
mine fuch defaults and negli- 
gences of the faid (heriffs and 
bailiffs, and every of them, as 
well by bill at the fuit of the 
party grieved for himfelf as for 
the King, to fue by indi&ment 
only to be taken for the King. 
(2) And if the (herifF or bailiff 
be duly attainted in this behalf 
by indidtment, or by bill, that 
he which fueth for himfelf and 
for the King have the one 
moiety of the forfeiture of xx.li. 
together with his cofts and ex- 
pences. (3) And that the fame 
procefs be made againft fuch 
perfons indi&ed or hied by bill 
in this behalf, as (hould be a- 
gainft perfons indi&ed or fued 
by writ of trefpafs done with 
force and arms againft the peace 
of the King. 

VI. And moreover, if any what aftion 
perfon be put out, or difleifea raajr be had 
of any lands or tenements in a ¥ ail l ft {" m 
forcible manner, of put out Jftf 
peaceably, and after holden out him outof 
with ftrong hand ; or, after poffeffion with 
fuch entry, any feoffment or £J2J\ 
difcontinuance in any wife 
thereof be made, to defraud 
and take away the right of the 
pofleflbr ; that the party griev- 
ed in this behalf (hall have aflife 
of Novel dijfeiftriy or a writ of 
trefpafs againft fuch difleifor. 
(2) And if the party grieved 
recover 



Savil.68. 

10 Co. 1 1 6. 

1 1 Co. 30. 



ii6 



Anno oaatro HfeMtiCl'Vf . 



The authority 
of the chief 
officers in ci- 
ties, &c. to re- 
preft force, 
fnforced by 
31 El* c.i x. 



They maty 
keep their 
land by force, 
who have had 
threeyears 
ppfTeffion. 
Co. Lie. *57- 
Salk. ? 5 6. 
Regift. 189. 
5K.i.ftat.i. 
c.7. 
4.H.4. c.S. 



recover by affife, or by action 
of trefpafs, and it be found by 
verdici, or in other manner by 
due form in the law, that the 

Eirty defendant entered with 
rce into the lands and tene- 
ments, or them after his entry 
did hold with force, that the 
plaintiff (hall recover his treble 
damages againft the defendant; 
(1) and moreover, that he make 
fine and ranfom to the King. 
And that mayors, juftices or 
juftice of peace, fheriffs, and 
bailiffs of cities, towns, and 
boroughs, having franchife, 
have in the faid cities, towns, 
and boroughs, like power to 
remove fuch entries, and in 



dices ou juftice <Je peas vit> 
countz & baillifs des citecs 
villes & burghs aianto fran- 
chife eient en les ditz citeet 
villes & burghs autiel poair de 
tiel* entrees ouftier & tnau- 
trcs articles defuifdites emer- 
gent^ deinz ycelles come cunt 
les juftices de peas & vifcounte* 
en countees k pais fuiftlites. 

Purveu touts foitz qe ceux 
qi gardent par force lour pof- 
femons en afcuns terres ou te- 
nements dount its ou lour iuiv 
ceftres ou ceux queux eftat ils> 
ount en tiels terres & tent-* 
mentz ount contenuz lour pef- 
feffions en ycelles par trois any 
oil pluis ne foient my enda-* 
magez par force de eclle eftay 
tut. 



Unforced by 
10H. 6.C.6. 
)Inft.3i. 
The inconve- 
niences of in- 
dicting or ap- 
pealing any 
pcrfbninone 
county that is 
conversant in 
another* 



dther articles aforefaid* rifing 
within the fame, as the juftices 
of peace and fheriffs in coun- 
ties and countries aforefaid have. 

VII. Provided always, That they which kedp their pofle£ 
(ions with force in any lands and tenements, whereof they of 
their anceftors, or they whofe eftate they have in fueh land* 
and tenements, have continued their pofleffions in the fame by 
three years or more, be not endamaged by force of this fhrtute/ 

CAP. X. 

Procefs awarded dgainft tbofe which dwelling in foreign 

counties be indiftcd or appealed. 
YTEM, out lord the King con- TTEM noftre feignur Ic Roy 

JL confiderant coment dtverfet 



tng 
JL Jidering bow divers pcrfons for 
their private revenge, and not of 
right* malicioufiy by fubtile ima- 
gination have caufed and procured 
many of his faithful liege people 
fal/h to be tndified and appealed 
ojjiveral treafons, felonies, and 
trefpajfes, before juftices of the 



confiderant coment dtverfet 
perfones pur lour finguler vtiw 
geance & nicnt de droit mali- 
cioufment par fotile ymagina- 
tion ount faitz & procurez dt' 
fauxment enditcr & appeller 
diverfez dq fez foiatx lieges de 
diverfes trefons felonies £ tref- 



peace, and other commij/soners and pas devaunt juftices de peas & 
juftices, and others having power autres comnuffioners & juftices 



to take indiffments or appeals in 
divers foreign counties , liberties, 
and frdnclnfes i/* England, in 
which the faid lieges be not, nor- 
at any time were, converfant nor 
dwelling j (2) by force of which 
indiflnunts and appeals, and the 
proccjis upon them made in the 

faid 



& autres aiantz poair de pren- 
dre enditementz ou appelles eor 
diverfes forcins countees liber- 
tees & fraunchifes dEngletcrre 
es queux fes ditz lieges ne 
fount ne unqes feuflent con- 
verfantz ne demurantz par 
force des qtieux inditementz 



3 



Anno odavo Henrici VI. 



•dies & les procefles far 
litz en les ditz countees 
:hifez ic libertees les ditz 
les enfy endittz ount efte 
jour en autre fount mys 
lgent ic puis utlagez & 
to lour biens & chatieux 
ic tenements forfaitz & 
n grande perile de lour 
i ou les ditz perfones en- 
litez appeUez ou mys en 
it ou utlagez navoient 
:oniflance de tielx endite- 
&appellez exigentzne ut- 
cs les queux fauxine & 
t de jour en autre habun- 
& encrefcent en divers 
ees libertees & fraunchi- 
Engleterre en graunt a- 
sfinent perde & perpetuell 
idtion de plufors de fez 
fbialx & innocentz lieges 
rifemblableeft dencrefcer 
res fi remedie covenable 
it ordeine ic purveu en 
partie. 

pur ceo mefme noftre 
ir le Roy de fa grace ef- 
le & par au Aoritee de ceft 
sent pur eafe falvation & 
uillite de fez foialx lieges 
ft roialme ad fait ordiner 
ablir qe fur chefcun en- 
lent ou appelle par la quelle 
s des ditz lieges demur- 
en autres countees qe la 
el enditement ou appell 
m ferra pris de trefon fe- 
& trefpafs apprendre en 
devaunt juftices de peas 
evaunt a(cun aiant poair 
fa, enditementz ou appd- 
rendre ou autres commif- 
rs ou juftice en afcun 
tee franchifc ou tibertee 
ieterre devaunt afcun ex- 
T agarde fur afcun endhe- 
ou appelle en la forme 
ltdite aprcndrc qe main- 
it apres le primere bricfe 
pias fur chefcun tiel en- 
ditement 



faid counties, franchifes, and H- 

/aid perjk 
difted have been, and daily be put 



127 



berties, the /aid perfons, fi in- 



in Exigent, and after outlawed, 
and thereupon their goods and 
chatties, lands and tenements for- 
feit, and they in great jeopardy of 
their lives, whereas the faid per- 
sons Jo indifled, appealed, or put 
in Exigent, or outlawed, had 
never knowledge of fucb indict- 
ments, appeals, Exigents, or out- 
lawries', (3) which faljbood and 
malice daily doth abound and in- 
crease in divers counties, liberties, 
ana franchifes of England, in 
great hindrance, lofs, and perpe- 
tual deflru^ion of many of his faid 
faithful and innocent liege people, 
and very likely to increafe here- 
after, if convenient remedy be not 
ordained and provided in this be- 
half. 

II. And therefore the fame Procefs upon 
our lord the King, of his fpe- indjamentsof 
ml gr**, and by authority of gfftSJ 
this parliament, for eafe *nd counties. 
trancjuillity of his faithful lieges 10H. 6. c.6. 
of this realm, hath caufed to be 
ordained and ftablilhed, That 
upon every indictment or ap- 
of the 



by the which any < 
faid lieges dwelling in other 
counties than there where fuch 
indidtment or appeal is or (hall 
be taken of trcafon, felony, 
and trefpafs, to be taken here- 
after before the juftices of peace, 
or before any other having 
power to take fuch indidtments 
or appeals, or other commif- 
fioners or juftices in any coun- 
ty, franchifc, or liberty of Eng- 
land, before any exigent award- 
ed upon any indidtment or ap- 
peal in the form aforefaid to 
be taken, that prefently after 
the firft writ of Capias upon 
every fuch indidtment or ap- 
peal awarded and returned, 
that another writ of Capias be 
award- 



128 



Anno oftavo HENRicr VI. [*4 2 9 ; 

awarded, directed to the (heriff ditement ou apptfllc agarde & 



of the county, -whereof he 
which is fo indited is or was 
fuppofed to be convcrfant by 
the fame indictment, returna- 
ble before the fame juftices or 
commiflioners before whom he 
is indi&ed or appealed at a 
certain day, containing the 
fpace of three months from the 
date of the faid laft writ, where 
the counties be holden from 
month to month ; and where 
the counties be holden from 



retourne qe un autre briefe de 
Capias foit agarde direde al vif- 
count del countee dount celly 
qi eft enfy enditez eft ou film 
fuppofe deftre convcrfant par 
mefme lenditementretournaWe 
devaunt mefmes les juftices ou 
commiflioners devaunt queux 
il ell endite ou appelle a un 
certcin jour conteinant In 
fpace de trois raois de la 
date du dk darrein briefe ou 
les countcs fe teignent de mok 
en mois & la ou les eountees 
fount tenuz defys fepmains en 



fix weeks to fix weeks, he Qiall 

have the fpace of four months, 

until the day of the return of fys fepmains ait lefpacedequatrp 

the fame writ; (2) by which mois tanqal jour deretourne de 

writ of fecond Capias* be it con- mefme le briefe par quel briefe 

tained and commanded to the de feconde Capias foit contenup 



Hob. 166. 



fame (heriff, to take him which 
is fo indi&ed or appealed, by 
his body, if he can be found 
within his bailiwick; (3) and 
if he cannot be found within 
his bailiwick, that the faid (he- 
riff fhall make proclamation in 
two counties before the return 
of the fame writ, that he which 
is fo indi&ed or appealed (hall 
appear before the laid juftices 
or commiflioners in the coun- 
ty, liberty, or franchife where 
he is indited or appealed, at 
the day contained in the faid 
laft writ of Capias^ to anfwer to 
our lord the King, or to the 
party, of the felony, treafon, 
or trefpafs, whereof he is fo in- 
dicated or appealed ; (4) after 
which fecond writ of Capias fo 
ferved and returned, if he which 
is fo indi&ed or appealed come 
not at the day of the fame writ 
of Capias returned, the Exigent 
fhall be awarded againft fuch 
perfons indi&ed or appealed, 
and every of them. 

III. And if any Exigent here- 
after be awarded upon any fuch 
indidment or appeal againft 

the 



& comaunde a mefme le vifcouQt 
de prendre celuy qi tft enfy 
endite ou appelle par fon corps 
fil poet eftre trove deins la 
baillie. Et fil ne poet mye eftre 
trove dcihs fa baillie qe le dit 
vifcount face proclamation en 
deux eountees devaunt le re- 
tourne de mefme le briefe qe 
celuy qeft enfy endite ou ap^ 
pelle appierge devaunt les ditz 
•juftices ou commiflioners eo 
le countee libertee ou fran- 
chife ou il eft endites ou ap- 
pellez al jour contenu en le dit 
darrein briefe de Capias a re- 
fpoundre a noftre dit feignur 
le Roy &r au partie de la felonie 
trefon ou treipafle dount il eft 
enfy enditez ou appellez apres 
quel fecond briefe de Capias 
enfy fervy & retournee fi celuy 
qi eft enfy enditez ou appellee 
ne veigne al jou - de mefme le 
briefe de Capias retourne foit 
exieend' agardez envers tielx 
endites ou appellez & chefcun 
de eux. 

Et fi afcun exigend' enapres 

foit agarde fur afcun tiel en- 

ditement ou appelle countre la 

forme 



Anno oCtavo Henrici Vf. 



ivauntdite ou afcun ut- 
fur ceo pronuncicz foit 
ell exigcnd' enfy agarde 
i utlagarie fur ceo pro- 
& chefcun de eux tenuz 
II & voide et qe la partie 
tie! exigend' encountre 
e avauntdite foit agarde 
garie pronuncie ne foit 
ige ne mys a perde de 
is ou chatieux terres ou 
ntz ne de fa vie. 
eu toutz foitz qe le- 
ait en le darrein parle- 
les procefles affairs en 
ifes devaunt le Roy en 
tk eftoife en fa foice. Et 
: mefme noftre fegnur 
ad grantee par auCto- 
fdite qe chefcun enditez 
die en la forme avaunt- 
cy enavaunt apres ceo 
par verdit duement ac- 
qil eit briefe & action 
cas envers chefcun pro- 
de tielx enditementz 
ellez et foit autiele pro- 
r & en mefme le briefe 
hi briefe de trefpas fait 
rce & armes et (i tiel 
>ur foit atteint en celle 
qe le pleintif recovere 
nages au treble, 
eu toutz foitz qe ceft 
ice ne fe extende mye as 
lentz ou appellez prifez 
endrez deinz le countee 
re. 

eu auxi qe fi afcun des 
jges ou afcun de lour 
)it ou ferra appelle ou 
de felonie ou trefon & 
ps de mefme le felonie 
>n fuppofez eft ou feuft 
aunt deinz le countee 
lenditement ou appelle 
ntion qe autielle pro- 
It fait vers tiel endite ou 
come ad efte ufe de- 
:es heurs. 

.III. 



the form aforefaid, or any out- 
lawry be upon that pronoun- 
ced, as well the Exigent (b a- 
warded, as the outlawry upon 
that pronounced, and every of 
them, (hall be holdcn for none 
and void; (2) and that the par- 
ty upon whom fuch Exigent a- 
gainft the form aforefaid is a- 
warded, or outlawry pronoun- 
ced, be not endamaged, nor 
put to lofs of his goods or chat- 
tels, lands or tenements, nor 
of his life. 

IV. Provided always, That 
the ftatute made in the laft par- 
liament, of procefles to be made 
in fuch cafe before the King in 
his bench, ftand in his force. 

(2) And moreover, the fame 
our lord the King hath granted 
by authority aforefaid, That 
every perfon indiCted or ap- 
pealed in the form aforefaid 
from henceforth, after that he 
be duly acquit by verdiCt, that 
he (hall have a writ and aCtion 
upon his cafe, againft every 
procurer of fuch indictments 
or appeals; and like procefs 
(hall be upon and in the fame 
writ, as in a writ of trefpafs 
done with force and arms; 

(3) and if fuch procurer be at- 
tainted in this behalf, that the 
plaintiff (hall recover his treble 
damages. 

V. Provided always, That 
this ordinance (hall not extend 
to indictments or appeals taken 
or to be taken . within the 
county of Chefler. 

VI. Provided alfo, That if 
any of the faid lieges, or any of 
their heirs, be or (hall be ap- 
pealed or indicted of felony or 
treafon, and at the time or the 
fame felony or treafon fuppofed, 
he is and was converfant with- 
in the county whereof the in- 
dictment or appeal maketh 

K mention, 



129 



6 H. 6. c. u 

An aCtion 
upon the cafe 
maintainable 
by the party 
indi&ed or 
appealed a- 
gainft the pro- 
curer of the 
fame. 
Rait. nj. 



A man indiCr- 

cd or appealed 
in the country 
wlrcre he is 
converfant 
(hall be prose- 
cuted as for- 
merly. 



130 



Ex edit. 
Pulton. ^ 
The ancient 
liberty and 
cuftom or the 
citizens of 
London, 
touching 
taking of 
appitBUcei. 



The citizens 
of London 
may take 
apprentices 
according to 
their old 
cutiora, not- 
withltanding 
the ftatute of 
7 H. 4. c. 17. 
which is Rep. 
by 1 1 H. 7. 
c. II. 5EI1Z. 
04. 



Anno oftavo Henrici VI. [*4 2 9. 

mention* the like procefs be made againft fuch perfon fo tn- 
dided or appealed, as hath been ufed always before this time. 

CAP. XL 

The citizens of London may take apprentices according to their 
ancient cuftom. 

ITEM, It is (hewed to our lord the King by the faid com- 
mons for the mayor and aldermen and commons of the city 
of London, that whereas among other franchifes, liberties and 
cuftoms to them by the fame our lord the King and his noble 
progenitors granted and confirmed, it is contained, That die 
manner and form of taking apprentices within the faid city of 
old time ufed and continued, be kept and obferved : (2) And 
where it is alfo there ufed by the cuftoms of the fame city of time 
out of mind continued fnd approved in the fame, that every 
perfon which was not of villain eftate or condition, but of free 
eftate and condition, might put himfclf, his fon or daughter to 
be apprentice to any freeman of the fame city, to learn his craft 
or myftery, and that likewife every freeman of the faid city 
may take every fuch perfon, fon or daughter to be his ap- 
prentice, without impeachment, (3) until now of late the faud 
mayor, aldermen and commons, be and have been grievoufty 
vexed and inquieted by colour of an article of die ftatute made 
at fVeftminffa-y the feventh year of the reign of King Henry the 
Fourth, rehearfingby general words, That no man nor woman 
put their fon nor daughter to be apprentice within any city or 
town of the realm of England, except that he have land or rent 
to the value of twenty (hillings by year, and that by teftimony 
under the feats of the juftices o? peace, nor that any mall receive 
a prentice to the contrary, upon a grievous penalty limited in 
the faid ftatute. 

II. Our lord the king, confidering the great hindrance which 
by the faid ftatute might redound to the inhabitants of the faid 
city, if they fhould be thereby reftrained of their faid liberties 
and cuftoms, and how in the beginning of the fame ftatute 
it is contained, That the (aid city of London have and enjoy 
all her liberties, franchifes and cuftoms that be not contrary 
to the faid article, and alfo refpedting the entire afFeltions, ana 
great kindnefs done and (hewed to our faid lord the King in 
all his affairs by the citizens of the (aid city of London* and 
to encourage them the more to fuch affections and kindnefe 
hereafter, by the advice and aflent aforefaid, hath ordained by 
the authority of this parliament, That the faid ancient manner, 
form an;) cuftom of putting and taking of apprentices, ufed and 
continued in the faid city of London, be from henceforth kept 
and obferved, as long as it (hall pleafe our faid lord the King, 
without being for that impeached, or to incur the pain contain- 
ed in the faid ftatute. 



CAP. 



j 



Anno oftavo Henrici VI, 



*3i 



CAP. XII. 

dgment or record Jhall be reverfed for any writ, pro- 
, &c. rafed. What defefts in records may be amended 
be judges, and what not. 

ITEM otir lord the King No Judgment 
hath ordained and eftablifh- J) ^" 01 * 
ed by the authority of this pre- ff^SJS 
font parliament, That for error tor any writ, 
affigned, or to be affigned, in return, pro- 
any record, procefs, or warrant ccf ?> &c. rafcd 



M noftre feignur le Roy 
ordine & eftable par auc- 
ie ceft prefent parlement 
errour afligne ou affigner 
ane recorde procefle ga- 
dattourne brief original 
tcial panell ou retourne 
ins lieux dicelx rafez ou 
lez. ou en afcun addition 



of attorney,briginal writ or ju- SyST?? 1 " 
dicial, panel or return, in any ,go, 225, 131, 
places of the fame rafed or inter- 160, 34.2. 



Won ou diminution des lined, or in any addition, fubf- 5 C°- 4S« 
; lettres titles ou parcel- trartion,ordiminutionof words, q^ j^^f* 
j lettres troves en afcun letters, titles, or parcel ofletters, CroXar.171. 
rorde procefle garraunt found in any fuch record, pro- 
cefs, warrant of attorney, writ, 



•ne brief panell ou re- 

3' ueux * rafures entre- 
ition fubtra&ion ou 
ition al difcretion des 
!e Roy des courtes & 
en queux les ditz re- 

ou procefle par briefe 
r ou autrement fount 
1 appiergent fufpeftz ne 
nine juggement ne re- 
everfe ne adnulle. 
je les juges le Roi des 

& places en queux af- 
brde procefle parole plee 
t dattourne brief panell 
mrne pur le temps foit 
oair dexaminer tielx re- 

procefle paroles plees 
itz dattourne brief pa- 
retourne par eux & lour 
k de reformer & amen- 

zflermance des jugge- 
de tielx recordes & pro- 
ut ceo qe a eux en lour 
on femble eftre mefpri- 

clerk en tielx recordes 
: parole plee garraunt 
nee brief panell & re- 
forfprife appelez enditc- 
de trefon & des felonies 

Srics dicelles & la fub- 
: proprts nouns fur- 
nouns 



panel, or return, which ratings, 
interlinings, addition, fubftrac- 
tion, or diminution, at the dif- 
cretion of the King's judges of 
the courts and places, in which 
the faid records or procefs by 
"writ of error, orotherwife, be 
certified, do appear fufpe&ed, 
no judgment nor record (hall 
be reverted nor adnulled. 

II. And that the King's The judges 
judges of the ccftirts and places T^J?? 1 " 111 * 
in which any record, procefs, coVdtwhicoba 
word, plea, warrant of attorney, mifprifion of 
writ, panel, or return, which the clerk, 
for the time fliall be, fhall have i4Ed. s Jht.u 
power to examine fuch re- C ' H ' c 
cords, procefs, words, pleas, sh.6. c 15. 
warrants of attorney, writs, pa- 4 Mod. 6. 247. 
nels, or return, by them and 
their clerks, and to reform and 
amend (in affirmance of the 
judgments of fuch records and 
procefles) all that which to 
them in their difcretion 4cem« 
eth to be mifprifion of the 
clerks in fuch record, procef- 
fes, word, plea, warrant of at- 
torney, writ, panel, and re- 
turn ; (2) except appeals, in- 
dictments of treafon and-offe- 
K 2 lon.es, 



13* 

What defied 
ia records may 
not be amend- 
ed 

»7 El. c. 5. 
1 H. 5. c. 5. 



Variance al- 
Yedged be- 
tween 3 re- 
cord and the 
certificate 
thereof, (hall 
fce by the 
judges amend 
«d. 



Embedding 
of a record, 
wherrby any 
judgment 
JhaU be re- 
reiied, it fe- 
lony. 

8 R. a*c. 4. 
*Co* 160. 



Anno odfavo Henrici VI 

lonies, and the outlawries of 
the fame, and the fubftance of 
the proper names, furnames, 
and additions left out in ori- 
ginal writs and writs of exigent, 
according to the ftatute another 
time made the firft year of 
Kins; Henry father to our lord 
the King that now is, and in 
other writs containing procla- 
tion j (3) fo that by fuch mif- 
prilion of the clerk no judg- 
ment (hall be reverfed nor ^d • 
nulled. (4) And if any record, 
procefs, writ, warrant of at- 
torney, return, or panel be 
certified defective, otherwife 
than according to the writing 
which thereof remaineth in the 
treafury, courts, or places from 
whence they be certified, the 
parties in affirmance of the 
judgments of fuch record and 
procefs (hall have advantage to 
alledge, that the fame writing 
is variant from the faid certifi- 
cate, and that found and cer- 
tified, that the fame variance 
fliall be by the faid judges re- 
formed and amended accord? 
ing to the firft writing. 

III. And irtbreover it is or- 
dained, That if any record, or 
parcel of the fame writ, return, 
panel, procefs, or warrant of 
attorney in the King's courts of 
chancery, exchequer, the one 
bench or the other, or in his 
treafury, be willingly ftolen, 
taken away, withdrawn, or 
avoided bv any clerk, or by 
other perfon, becaufe whereof 
any judgment (hall be re- 
verfed \ that fuch dealer, taker 
away, withdrawer, or avoider, 
their procurators, counfellors, 
and abettors, thereof indicted, 
and by procefs thereupon made 
thereof duly convict by their 
own confeffion, or by inqueft 
to be taken of lawful men, 
whereof, 



nouns & additions entreleflez 
en briefs original x briefs dex- 
igeot folonqe leftatut autre foitz 
fait Ian feconde le Roi Henri 
pier noftre feignur le Roi qor 
eft & en autres briefs conte- 
nantz proclamation iflint qe 
par tiel mefprilion de clerk ne 
foit afcun juggement reverfc 
ne adnulle. Et fi afcun records 
proceffe briefe garraunt dat- 
tourne retourne ou panell foit 
certifie defective autrement qe 
accordant a la fcripture qe ent 
democrt en les treforie courtes 
ou lieux dount ils fount ccrti- 
nez eient les parties en affer- 
mance des juggementz de tielx 
recorde & proceffe avauntagc 
dalegger qe mefme la fcripture 
eft variaunt al dit certificate & 
ceo trove & certifie foit irjeiine 
la variaunce par les ditz juges 
refourme & amende accordant 
a dit primer fcripture. 

Et outre ceo eft ordine oe fi 
afcun recorde ou parcell dicel 
brief retourne panell proceffe 
au gamunt dattourne en les 
courtes le Roi de chauncellarie 
efcheqer lun bank ou lautre ou 
en fa treforie foit voluntierment 
emble emporte retreit ou avoidc 
par afcun clerk ou autre per- 
fone a caufede quell afcunjug- 
gement foit revcrfe qe tiel em- 
blour emportour retreiour & a- 
voidour lour procuratours coun- 
feillours & abbettours ent endi- 
tez & par proceffe fur ceo fait 
ent duement convidtz par lour 
propre confeffion ou par enquef- 
te apprendredes loialxhommes 
dount la moite foit des hom- 
mes dafcun court de mefme les 
courtes & lautre moite dautres 
foient adjuggea& pur felons & 
encourgent la peine de felonie. 
Et qe les juges de les ditz 
courts de lun bank ou lautre 
eient poair doier & terminer 

titlx 



I Anno oftavo Henrici VI. 133 

efautes devaunt eux & whereof the one half (hall be of 

ire punition come de- the menofany court of the fame 

jft dk. xjourts, and the other half of 

eu toutz foitz qe A af~ other, fhall be judged for fe- 

1 recorde procefle briefe Ions, and (hail incur the pain 

it dattourne panell ou of felony. ^2) And that the 

te ou parcell died foit a judges of th? faid courts of the 

ou en apres ferra exem- one bench or of the other, have 

en la chauncellarie le power to hear and determine 

ubz fon graunde feal & fuch defalks before them, and 

rmplifkation illeoqes de thereof to make due puniro~ 

:enrolle faunz afcun ra- ment as afore is faid. 

n une mefme lieu en IV. Provided always, That A record «&■ 

lexemplification & len- if any fuch record, procefs, emplified un- 

■nt dicell qe .alors pur writ or warrant of attorney, *}er the great 

iv tr r 1 *■ 1 'Meal, and in - 

Tour aifigne ou afligner panel, or return, or parcel of ^jj^ in t ^ 

ditz recordes procefTes the fame, be now, or hereafter chancery, net 
raraunt dattourne panell mall be exemplified in the to hexeverfecL 
ume en afcunlettre parol. King's chancery under the 
eoumatierdicellvariaunt great feal, and fuch exempli- 
trariaunt a dke exempli- Scation there of record inrolled 
1 & lenrollement ne foit without any rating in the fan e 
iggementdesditz record- place in the exemplification and 
ucefle reverfe ne adnulle. the inrollment of the fame, thaj 

another time for any error af- 
, or to be affigned in* the faid record, procefs, writ, 
it of attorney, panel, or return, in any letter, word, 

or matter of the fame varying, or contrary to the faid 
lification and the inrollment, there (hall be no judg~ 
tf the faid record* and procefs reverfed or adnulled. ' 

CAP. XIII. 

(ball not be excepted in the protections oftbofe thatjball 
with the King into France, ajjtfe of Novel Diffeifm. 
)M, forafmuch as our fovereign lord the King, by the Exedit.RalW, 
snt of his fage council doth purpofe with the aid of God, 
into his realm of France^ the fame our faid fovereign lord, 
\ advice of the lords fprritual and temporal, and alfo of 
mmons of this prefent parliament, to efchew the diflieri- 
f all perfons, which be or fhall be retained with our faid 

fi lord the King, to abide in his fervjee, in the part* 
the fea, hath ordained and provided, That every pro- 
1 to be made with the claufe of Volumus^ for any of the 
>erfons, there (hall be contained in the claufe of exception 
fame omiflion of thefe words, Jffljis nout diffeiftm. And Protedtioa, 
J thefe protections be allowable and allowedtor them and 
of them ifl all the King's courts and elfewhere, where 
iroteAions be put forth for any fuch perfon, in all pleas 
fes as well of Novel diffeifin as fre(h force without any 
Ity. Provided always, That the judgments to be given 
tumcefbrth in fuch aflifes arraigned or to be arraigned, be 

K3 m 



*34 



Eatry. 



sH. 5. flat, x, 



Anno oftavo Henrici VI; [14*$ 

not prejudicial to any of the faid perfons fo abiding in the King's 
fervice beyond the fea, as afore is faid, which have any thing 
in reverfion or in remainder in fuch lands or tenements, where* 
fuchaffifes be or (hall be arraigned, if they which have in rever- 
fion or in remainder in fuch lands or tenements, be not named 
in the fame affifes, but that they be againft them all void : And 
that this ftatute (htll endure for two years next following, if the 
fame our (aid Sovereign lord the King abide fo Jong in the parts 
beyond the fea. Provided alio, That all the entries made or to 
be made after the firft day of this prefcnt parliament, be not 
comprifed in this prefent ordinance. And that none, which 
hath made or (hall make any fuch entries after the faid firft day 
of this parliament, have any benefit of the fame ordinance. 

CAP. XIV. 

Riotous perfons committing of felonies, and then fleeing into 

fecret places. 

ITEM, For that great andgrie- 
vous complaint was made to King 
Henry, late King of England, 



Riotous per- 
fons commit 
murriersyiiun- 
(laughters, 
robberies, Sec, 
and then flee 
into fecret 
place*. 



father to our lord the King that 
now is* at bis parliament holden 
at Leicefter the fecond year of bis 
reign , by the commons of his par- 
liament aforefaid* of divers mur- 
ders* man/laughters* robberies* 
batteries affimblies of people in 
great number in manner of in- 
furre&ions* and of divers other 
rebellions and riots ; (2) and 
after fuch offences the faid felons 
and offenders did flee and with- 
draw themfehes to divers woods 
and fecret places unknown* and 
elfewbere* to the intent andpur- 
pofe to avoid the execution of the 
common law* and that they might 
not be brought toanfwer according 
to the procefs of the common law : 
(3) Whereupon the faid late fang 
considering the afore faid complaint* 
by the advice ana affent of the 
lords fpiritual and temporal in the 
fame parliament ajembled* did 
ordain andflablijb* at the requefl of 
the/aid commons* That if any after 
come into the chancery* and make 
complaint duly* that any fuch felon 
or offender as aforefaid bath fled 



or withdrawn bimfelfto anyjucb 
pke* or elfewbere to fhe intent 
afore- 



ITEM pur ceo qe graunda 
& grevoufe complemt fuift 
feit a Roi Henri jadis Roi d£n- 
gleterre pier noftrc feignur Id 
Koi qoreft a fon parlement te- 
nuz a Leyceftr* Ian de foa 
regne feconde par les commu- 
nes de fon parlement avaunt- 
dit de diverfes murdres ho- 
micides robories, bateries af- 
femblees dezgentz en graund* 
noumbre par maner dinfurrec- 
tions & de diverfes autres re- 
bellions & notes & apres tielx 
meffaites les ditz felouns U 
mesfaifours fenfurent & retn- 
herent as diverfes boys & Keiuc 
covertez & difconuz & ailloutt 
a lentent & purpos de voider 
(execution de la commune ley 
& qils ne fcrroient mefiiez a 
refpounce folonc proces dela 
ley fur qoy le dit nadgairs Roi 
confiderant la fuifdit compleint 
par aflent des fcignurs efpiri- 
tuelx & temporelx en mefine 
le parlement aflcmblez svoit 
ordinez & eftabliez a la requeft 
des ditz communes qe fi at* 
cuny en temps avenir veigne 
en la chauncellarie & face com- 

{)leint duement qe aicun tid 
elon ou malefaittur .come a- 
vaunt eft dit fen eft fry & re* 
trahet 



J Anno oftavo 

a afcun del lieu ou ail- 
il cntent faifdit foit fur 
mpleint une biJlc fuffi- 
icnt fait pur le Roy ct 
chaunceller dEngleterre 
temps efteant apres tiel 
luy lyvere fil poet eftre 
lex duement jici bille 
er verite poair dc faire 
fa difcretion un brief 
lias a la fuite du Roy 
il vifcont de countee ou 
es ou les dites murdres 
des robories bateries & 
mesfaitz fount fuppofez 
dite bille eftre raitz & 
ez retournable en la dite 
ellarie a certeine jour. 
i perfones en le dit brief 
pz foient prifez par le 
rount ou foy reddent en 
h chauncellarie qadon- 
ent tielx perfones mys 
le ou a maynprife folonc 
retion du chaunceller & 
foit maunde denquerer 
c mesfaitz & fur ceo foit 
roe la ley demaunde. Et 
fcounte retourne a jour 
pias retournable qe les 
es en icell comprifez par 
de les caufes fuifdites ne 
t eftre par luy prifez ne 
s les perfones ne foi rcn- 
i la dite-chancellarie qa- 
i face le dit chaunceller 
riefe de proclamation di- 
lit vxfeounte retournable 
ik le Roi a certein lour 
e proclamation en deux 
es qe les perfones en le 
rf nomez veignent a dit 
n It fuifdit hank pur y 
ndre a la matier compriz 
la dite bille fur peyne 
convidez de la matier 
iz deinz la dite bille et 
fcun tiel brief de procla- 
1 foit contenuz la fub- 
s de la matier compriz 
la 4ite bille & fils ne 
veigi>en$ 



Henrici VI. 



*39 



aforefaidy upon fuch complaint a 
hill /ball be fiifficiently made for 
the King, (4) And the chan- Procefsaward- 
celhr */ England for the tim*$gS£ tb * 
being* after juch bill to him de-' 
livered, if he may be duly inform- 
ed that Juch bill containeth truth * 
jball have power by his difcretion 
to award a writ of Capias at 
thefuit of our lord the King, di- 
rected to the Jberiff of the county 
or counties where the faid mur- 
der s 9 man/laughters, robberies, 
batteries, and other offences be 
fuppofed by the faid bill to be done 
and committed, returnable in th$ 
faid chancery at a certain day\ 
(5) af td if the perfons fpecified in 
the faid writ be taken by the faid 
Jberiff^ or yield themfehes in the 
fame chancery, that then fuch per- 
fons be put in prifon or to main- 
prife, according to' the difcretion 
of the chancellory (6) aid more- 
over it Jball be commanded to in- 
quire offucb offences, and upon 
that Jhau be done as the law re- 
quiretb. (7) And if the Jberiff 
return at the day of the Capias 
returnable, that the perfons in the 
fame comprifed^ for any of the fame 
caufes aforefaid, cannot be taken^ 
by him, nor the fame perfons do 
yield themfehesin the faid chancery 
that then the faid chancellor Jball 
caufe to be made a writ of pro- 
clamation, directed to the Jberiff, 
returnable in the King's bench at 
a certain day, that he make pro- 
clamation in two counties, that 
the per fins named in the faid writ 
come at the faid day into the afore- 
faid bench, there to anfwer to the 
matter comprifed in the laid bill, 
upon pain to be convift of the mat- 
ter comprifed within the faid bill-, 
(8) and in every fuch writ of pro- 
clamation Jball be contained the 
fubjlance of the matter comprifed 
in the faid billy (9) and if they 
come not at the day ofjiabprocla- 
£4 mtip 



X3& Anno odkavo Henrici VI.- [1429. 

mation returned, then they JbaU ycigncnt a jour de ticl proda- 



be bohUn and adjudged for convicl, 
and attainted as afore is faid; 
(10) and if they come at the pro- 
elamation it JbaU be inquired of 
them, and done in the manner as 
afore isfaid. (11) Provided, That 
the fuggeflions of fuch riots be fig- 
mfied to the chancellor of England 
by letters fealed under thefeals of 



mation retourne foicnt adon<je» 
tenuz & adjuggez pur convic- 
tez & atteintez come defuis eft 
dit. Et fils veignent a la pro- 
clamation foit de eiix enquis 
& fait en la maner come deiiiis 
eft dit. Purveu qe les fuggef- 
tions de tielx notes foient tef- 
moignez a le chaunceller dEn- 



tjvoju/lices oftbepeace at the leajt, gleterre par lettres enfealez de-* 
and the Jberiffof the county where ioubz les fealx de deux juftices 

de pees au meins & le viicounte 
del countee ou tielx notes fer- 
rount devaunt ceo qe tiel brief 
de Capias foit graunte en quell 
brief de Capias foit fibten la 
matier exprefle quele eft com- 
pris deins mefme la bille come 
en le brief de proclamation ent 
affaire. Et fi tiel cas aveigne 
en le counte palatyn de Lan- 
caftr' ou aillours en fraunchife 
la ou il y ad chaunceller & fcal 
dadonqes le dit chaunceller 
dEngleterre face efcriver ou en- 
voier par brief du Roi a le 
chaunceller de tiel countee ou 
fraunchife tout la fuggeftion en 
la dite bille compriz com- 
maundant a luy de faire tiel 
execution come en le dit arti- 
cle eft compriz iflint tout foitz 
qe brief du Roi hors de la 
chauncellar* dEngleterre ne 
courge en tiel countee ou fraun- 
chife autrement qe nad eftee 
ufee en temps pafle. Et qe la 
dite ordinaunce eftoiferoit en 6. 
force tanqe al fin del profchein 
parlement. Noftre feignur le 
Roi confiderant qe diverfes 
murdres homicides robories 
bateries afTemblces des gentz 
en graunde noumbre par ma- 
ner de infurreclions & diverfes 
autres rebellions & notes ount 
eftee faitz en diverfes parties 
du roi^lme puis la faifeunce de 
dit eftatqit nient punifez a caufe 
qe le dit cftatuit ne tenon force 
forfqe 



fuch riots JhaU be, before that 
fitch writ of Capias be granted ; 

(12) in which writ 0/* Capias 
the matter which is comprifed 
within the fame bill JhaU be as 
ivt'tt exprefjed, as in the writ of 
proclamation thereof to be made. 

(13) And if fuch a cafe happen in 
the county palatine of Lancafter, 
or elfewhere in franehifes where 
there is a chancellor and a feal, 
that then the faid chancellor of 
England caufe to be written or 
fent by the King's writ to the 
chancellor of fuch county or f ran- 
chife, all tbefuggcjlion in the faid 
bill comprifea, commanding him to 
mahjucb execution as in the laid 
article is comprifed-, (14) Jo <jl- 
WW that the King's writ out of 
the chancery of Eriglandjball not 
run in fuch county or franchife 
otherwife than hath been ufed in 
time pafifed, and that the faid 
ordinance JhaU /land in his force 
till the end of We next parliament. 
( 1 j) Our lord the King confider- 
ing that divers other murders, 
man/laughters, robberies, batte- 
ries, aj/emblies of people in great 
number in manner of infurrec- 
tions, and divers other rebellions 
and riots, have been made in divers 
counties of the realm fince the 
making 0/ the faid fiatute y notpu- 
nijhed, becaute that the faidjla- 
tute held no force but until the end 
of the parliament then next fol- 
lowing \ hath ordained and fta- 

blilhed 



1429J Annooftavo 

fbrfqs a la fin del parlement a- 
donqes profchen enfuant ad or- 
dine & eftablie par au&orite de 
ceft prcfent parlement qe la dit 
jadis eftatuit ore (bit tenuz & 
fermement gardez pur eftatuit 
en tout temps avenir fibien de 
murdres homicides robories 
bateries aflemblees des gentz 
en graunde noumbre par maner 
de infurredions & de divers 
autre* rebellions & riotes faitz 
it perpetrez devaunt le com- 
mencement de ceft prefent par- 
lement come en temps avenir. 

Purvcu toutz foitz qe tef- 
moigne fpit par deux juftices 
de peas des countees ou tielx 
riotes ferront fuppofez qe com- 
mune fame & voice court en 
mefmes les countees de icelx 
riotes devaunt ceo qe le brief 
de Capias ferra agarde. Purvcu 
auxi qe fi afcun tiel cafe aveig- 
ne en le dit countee palatyn de 
Lancaftre ou aillours en lieu 
enfraunchife la ou y ad chaun- 
celler & fcal qe adonqcs le dit 
chaunceller de tiel countee ou 
lieu enfraunchife pur le temps 
efteant apres compleint a luy 
duement fait & tcfmoigne par 
juftice ou lieutenant dejuftice 
& vifcount de tiel countee pa- 
latyn ou lieu enfraunchife pur 
le temps efteant en la forme 
fuifdit eit femblable poair de 
awarder Capias & briefs de pro- 
clamation avauntditz come le 
dit chaunceller dEngleterre pur 
le temps efteant ad. 



Henrici VI. 



137 



bliftied, by the authority of The ftatnte of 
thi$ prefent parliament, That * H - 5* ** V 
the (aid ftatute (hall now be that^o com! 
kept, and firmly holden for a m it murder," 
ftatute forever, as well of mur- &c. and after 
ders, manslaughters, robberies, flcc jf 110 . 
batteries, affemblies of people JS&a 
in great number in manner of 
infurre&ions, and divers other 
rebellions and riots made and 
• committed before the begin- 
ning of this prefent parliament, 
as in time to come. 

II. Provided always. That 
it be teftificd by two juftices of 
the peace of the counties where 
fuch riots (hall be fuppofed, 
that the common fame and 
voice runneth in the fame 
counties of the fame riot?, be- 
fore that the writ of Capias (hall 
be awarded. (a) Provided alfo, Aprovifioa 
That if any fuch cafe happen wher * ™y «* 
in the faid county palatine o(^^^' 
Lancafter, or eliewhere in a mittc ^i aa 
place enfranchised, where there plac- enfran- 
is a chancellor and a feal, that chifed. 
then the faid chancellor of fuch 
county or place enfrancjhifed, 
for the time being, after com- 
plaint to' him duly made and 
teftified by a juftice, or the lieu- 
tenant of a juftice, and (heriff 
of fuch county palatine or 
place enfranchifcd for the time 
being, in the form aforefaid, 
(hall have like power to award 
a Capias and a writ of procla- 
mation aforefaid, as the (kid 
chancellor of England hath. 



CAP. XV. 

The juftices may in certain cafes amend defaults in records. 
rTEM ordeigne eft & eftablie y TEM, it isordaincd and efta 



qe les juftices du Roy de- 
vaunt queux afcune mefprifion 
ou defaute foit ou ferra trove 
(bit il en afcun recordes & pro- 
cefles qore fount ou ferrount 
pendantz devaunt eux fibien 

par 



s Co. 161. 
JL blilhed, That the King's The juftieei 
juftices, before whom any mif- may in certain 
prifion or default is or (hall be defrV™ £ 
found, be it in any records and records and 
procefles which now be, or (hall pruceflet. 
be, depending before them, as 

well 



13« 



Anno oltavo Henrici VI. 



froceflesm 
Wales, and 
outlawries. 
i+Bd.j.ftat. I 

9 H. 5. c. 4. 

4H.6.C y 
tH.6. en. 



well by way of error as other- 
wife, or in the returns of the 

fame, made or to be made by 

(herifFs, coroners, bailiffs of 

franchises* or any other, by 

mifprifion of the clerks of any 

of the faid courts of the King, 

or by mifprifion of the (heriflte, 

under-fheriffs, coroners, their 

clerks, or other officers, clerks, 

or other miniftcrs whatfoever, 

in writing one letter or one 

tollable too much or too little, 

mall have power to amend fuch 

defaults and mifprifions accord- 
ing to their difcretion, and by 

examination thereof by the (aid 

juftkes to betaken where they 

fliall think needful. (2) Pro- 
vided, That this ftatute do hot 

extend to records and procefles 

in the parts of Wales, (3) nor 

to the procefles and records 

of outlawries of felonies, and 

treafons and the dependences 

thereof. 

CAP. XVI. 

By what perfons efcbcatorsjh all find an office, and in what 
time be Jhall certify it. A patent made of lands feifed up- 
on an inqueft. 



[1429. 

par voie dcrrour come autre- 
ment ou en le* retoumez di- 
celles faitz ou affairez par vif- 
countz coroners bailhfs des 
fraunchifes ou autres qeconoea 

!)ar mefprifion des clerks da- 
cuns des ditz courtz du Roi 
ou par mefprifion dez vifcountz 
foutzvifbountz coroners lour 
clercs ou autres officers clcrcs 
ou miniftres qeconqes en efcri- 
vant un kttre ou un filable 
trop ou trop poie aient poiar 
damender tielx defautes & mcf- 
prifions folonc lour difcretion 
& par examination ent par lea 
ditz juftices aprendre ou lour 
femblera bofoignable. Purveu 
qe ceft eftatut ne fe extende as 
recordes & procefles es parties 
de Gales ne as recordes « pro- 
cefles dudagaries des felonies & 
trefons & les dependants di- 
celles. 



An efcheator, 
or comraif- 
fioner, (hall 
take noin- 
aueft, but by 
iuch perfons 
at be returned 
by the fherifF. 
Rait.pl. 315. 



ITEM, to efchew the dolours, 
grievances, and di/herifons, 
which daily do happen to many of 
the King's Hege people by the et- 
cheators,for that they take inqueft s % 
to inquire before them, as welt by 
virtue of the King's writs, as of 
their offices, favour ably and not 
duly, by people not impanelled nor 
returned to them by the Jberiffs of 
the counties, and more often for 
their private gain, and for the dif- 
herifon of the King's liege people, 
than for the profit of the fame our 
lord the King, (2; anaalfo for 
that the lamb and tenements of 



ITEM pur efchuer lez do- 
lours grcvancez & difliere- 
tifons qi de jour en autre aveig- 
nent as phtfours lieges noftre 
feignur le Roy par les efche* 
tours de ceo qifs preignent en- 
queftcs denquerrer devaunt eux 
fibien par vertue des briefs 
noftre" feignur le Roy come de 
lour office favourablement & 
noun duement par gentz nient 
empanellez ne retournez a eux 
paries vifcountz descountes it 
pluiftoft pur lour propre gaynt 
& pur diflieretifon des lieges 
noftre feignur le Roy qe pur 



many of the Kings liege people, be profit mefine noftre feignur le 

feifed into the Kings hands upon Roy ct auxi de ceo qe les terres 

fuch inquefls,* or let toferm by the & tenements des pluiburs lieges 

chancellor or treafurer, before fuch noftre feignur le Roy fount fei- 

inqueftf fez 



14*9*] Anna o&avo Henrici VI. 

fez es mains noftre feignur le inquefts be nturnei in tbtchan* 



*39 



Roy fur tielx enqueftes & autres 
& leflez par le chaunceller on 
treforcr a ferae devaunt ceo qe 
mefmes les enqueftes foicnt re- 
tournez en la chauncellaric 
noftre feignur le Roy eft ordine 
par au&oritedeceftprefentpar- 
lement qe nul efchetour ne 
commiffioner preigne afcunc- 
ment afcun inqueft denquerrcr 
finon des gentz retournez & 
cmpanellez par levifcounten 
le counte dems quell il eft ef- 
dietour ou commiffioner. Et 
fi afcun efchetour ou commif- 
fioner preigne enquefte des 
gentz qi ne fount mye enpanel- 
fcz neretournezpar levilcount 
come defuis eft dit & ent par 
examination ou autrement al 
fuite de partie qe pur luy mef- 
mes ou pur le Roy ou autre 
perfone qeconqe voilie purfuer 
foit convict duement pur chef- 
cun enqueft enfy ipriz qe en- 
courge la pane & torfaiture de 
xl. li. a paiers ceftafTaver lun 
moite au Roi & lautre moite au 
nutie a qi fuyte il ferra convi A. 
Et qe nulles terres ne tene- 
mentz feifez es mayns noftre 
feignur le Roy fur enqueftez 
prifez devaunt les efchetours ou 
commiffioners neibient afcune- 
ment leflez ne grauntez a for- 
me par le chaunceller ou tre- 
forer dEngletenre ou autre of- 
ficer noftre feignur le Roi qi- 
conoe tanqe qe mefmes les en- 
queftes & verditz foientretour- 
nez pleinement en la chaun- 
cellarie ou en lefchequer mes 
domoergent toutz tielx terres 
& tenementz entierment & 
v continualment es mains noftre 
feignur le Roy tanqe lesditz 
enqueftes & verditz fbient re- 
toumez & parun moisapres 
mefme le retourne fi iifint ne 
foit qe celuy ou ceux qi fente 

ou 



€ir J> (3) ow lord the King 
hath ordained, by the authori- 
ty of this prefent parliament, 
that no efchcator or commif- 
fioner take in any wife any in- 
queft to inquire, but of people 
returned and impanelled by the 
fheriffs in the county within 
which he is efchcator or com- 
miffioner. (4) And if any ef- When lands 
cheator or commiffioner take feifed into the 
inqueft of people which be not Kin « %f h ? ndt 
impanelled nor returned WHSE 
the inenff, as is afore laid, and ficc, (ball be 
thereof by examination, or l«t to feim. 
otherwife, at the fuit of the l8 **• 6 - c - 6# 
party, which for himfelf or fbr 
the King, or any other perfon 
that will fue, be duly convift, 
for every inqueft fo taken that 
he incur the pain and forfeiture 
of xl. li. to be paid, that is to 
fay, the one half to the King, 
and the other half to the party 
grieved, at whofe fuit he (hall 
be convift. (5) And that no 
lands nor tenements feifed into 
the hand of our lord the King, 
upon fuch inquefts taken before 
the efcheators or commiffion- 
ers, be not in any wife let nor " 
granted to ferm by the chan- 
cellor or treafurer of England* 
or any other the King's officer, 
until the fame inquefts and 
verdi As be fully returned in the 
chancery, or in the exchequer, 
(6) but all fuch lands andte- Pjfc 11 * 
ncments (hall intirelyandcon-;^^,^ 
tinually remain in the hands of that tendcreth 
our lord the King, until the a traverfe to 
faid inquefts and verdidts be re- the office, 
turned, and by a month after \\E\£*] % 
the fame return, if it be not fo %l h. i/c/7. 
that he or they which feel them 
grieved by the fame inquefts, 
or putting out of their lands 
and tenements, come into the 
chancery, andprofer themfelves 
to traverfe the (aid inquefts, 

and 



14° 



Anno o&avb FJenrici VL 



[14*9- 



36 Ed. 3. c.i 3. 



Efcheators 
and commif- 
fioners (hall 
return an of- 
fice found be 
fore them* 
1SH.6. c.7. 



iHJ.cJ. 



and then offer to take the fame 
lands or tenements to ferm-, 
(7) and if they fo do, that then 
the fame lands or tenements 
be committed to them, if they 
(hew good evidence, proving 
their traverfe to be true, after 
the form of the ftatute made 
the thirty fixth year of King Ed- 
ward the Third after the con- 
queft, to hold until the iffue 
taken upon the fame traverfe 
be found anddifcufted for the 
King, or for the party, finding 
fufficient furety to purfue the 
faid traverfe witheffedt, and to 
render and pay to our lord the 
King the yearly value of the 
lands whereof the traverfe (hall 
be fo taken, if it be difcuffed 
for the King. (8) And if any 
letters patents of any of the 
lands or tenements be made to 
the contrary to any other per- 
fon, or let to ferm within the 
laid month, after the faid month 
of return, they fhall beholden 
for none. (9) And that the 
efcheators or commiffioners, 
upon pain of the forfeiture of 
xx. li. to be paid, that is to 
fay, the one half to the Kingr, 
and the other half to the party 
at whofe fuit he fhall be con- 
vict, return the inqueft before 
them taken into the chancery 
of our lord the King, or info 
the exchequer, within a month 
next after the taking of the 
fame. And every man which 
will fue for the King fhall have 
the fuit in this behalf. (10) 
Provided always, That this 
ftatute begin and take effedt 
and force in the feaft of Eajler 
next coming, and not before, 
to endure for ever. 



ou fentent eux grevez par mef- 
mes les enqueftes ou ouftez do 
lours terres ou tenementz veig- 
nent en la chauncellarie & foy 
proferont de traverfer lez ditz 
enqueftes & foy offeront de 
prendre mefmes les terres & 
tenementz a ferme. Et qe fi 
iflint fount qe adonqes mefmes 
lez terres & tenementz foient 
commiz a eux fils monftrent 
bones evidencez provantz lour 
travers eftre verrois folonc la 
fourme de leftatut fait hn xxxj« 
le Roy £. tiers puis le conqueft 
a temr tanqe InTue fur mefme 
le travers pris foit & difcuflu 
pur le Roy ou pur le partie tro- 
vant fufficiant fuerte de fuir le 
dit travers ove effeA &'de ren- 
dre &, paier a noftre feignur le 
Roy le annuel value des tene- 
mentz dont le tra*< ers enfi ferra 
Sriz fil foit difcufle pur le Roy. 
X ft afcuns lettres patentz des 
afcuns terres ou tenementz foi- 
ent faitz au contrarie a afcun 
autre perfone ou leffez a ferme 
deins le dit moys apres le dit 
mois du retourne foient voidez 
& tenuz pur null. Et qe les 
efchetours & commiflioners fur 
peine de forfeiture de xx. li. a 

S tiers ceftaflavoir lun moite al 
oi & lautre moite al partie 
a qi fuy t il ferra convict retour- 
nent en la chauncellarie noftre 
feignur le Roy ou en lefchequer 
lez enqueftes devaunt eux pri- 
(ez deins un moys profcheyn 
apres la prife dicelles. Et eyt 
chefcun qi voet fuyr pur leRoy 
la fuyte en cell partie. Purveu 
toutz foitz qe ceft eftatut com- 
mence & preigne effect & force 
en la feft de Pafqe profchein 
avenir a durer perpetudment H 
nemye devaunt f 



CAP, 



14*9-] Anno o&avo Henrici VI. 141 

CAP. XVII. 

Wools, fells, &c. /hipped out of England, Wales, or Ireland, 
for any place but Calais, Jhall be forfeited by the double, ex- 
cept by merchants of Genoa, Venice, & c . 

ITEM, whereas in the time of the King's noble progenitors, Ex edit Rift, 
for the profperity, profit, and wealth of the realm of £*^W, Staple of Ca- 
and for the fuftentation of the town of Calais, it hath been or- **■*• 
dained by divers ftatutes and ordinances, That the ftaple fllould 
be wholly at the faid town of Calais, and in none other place be- 
yond the fea, that is to fay, That all the wools, woolfels, leather, 
lead, and tin, and all other merchandifes paffing out of the 
laid realm, and out of the lands of Wales and Ireland^ ought 
wholly to pafs and repair to the faid ftaple, and to none other 
place, upon pain of the forfeiture of the lame, except fuch mer- 
chandifes, which in the faid ftatutes and ordinances, be ex- 
prefted and exceped, as in the fame is more fully contained, the 
which ftatutes and ordinances, the ij. year of our fovereign lord » H.6. 0.4. 
the King, that now is, were approved, affirmed, and ordained 
duly to be executed. Neverthelefs as well under colour of ex- 
ceptions in the faid ftatutes, and ordinances contained, as by 
colour of licences granted by our fovereign lord the King to di- 
vers perfons, a great quantity of wools, woolfels, leather, lead 
and tin, and many other merchandifes have been continually 
from time to time, and yet be carried and and cbnveyed out of the 
realm, and of the faid lands of Wales and Ireland, into Flanders, 
Holland, Zealand, Brabant, and other parts, not referring to the 
fiud ftaple, as they ought to do, wherefore our fovereign lord 
the King is defrauded of the cuftoms and fubfidies, which 
ought to amount to notable fums to his increafe, if he thereof 
were duly anfwered and content : And moreover the King's, 
mint at Calais is like to be void, defolate, and deftroyed, and the 
commodities alfo of the merchandifes of the laid realm, for the 
laid caufes, within fhort time to be greatly hindered, if remedy 
be not provided in this behalf: our fovereign lord the King 
confidering the premifles, and willing in this cafe to provide a 
a remedy, of the advice and aflent aforefaid, by the authority of 
die faid parliament, hath ordained, That no perfon (hip nor do 
tjo be (hiped from henceforth no manner wools, woolfels, leather, 
lead, and tin, whole nor (hotten, nor the fame carry nor con- 
vey out of any parts of the faid realm, nor out of the lands of 
Wales nor Ireland, to none other parts beyond the fea, but only 
to the faid ftaple of Calais, upon pain of forfeiture of the double 
value of the merchandife fo carried or conveyed to any other 
parts than to the faid ftaple of Calais, and alfo upon pain of im- 

Cifonment of his body for the fpace of two years, without 
il or mainprife. And he which can fpy any perfon from 
henceforth, which offending or doing in any wife contrary to 
this ordinance, and the fame offence do prefent to the treafurer 
of England for the time being, and the trefpailbr thereof duly 

. conyirt, 



142 Anno oltavo Henrici VI. t f 4*9* 

convift, or if fuch trefpaflbr confcfs before the treafurer and the 
barons of the exchequer fuch trefp afles by him done, That then 
hefttaHbexronvuft by His own confeffion. And the prefenter (hall 
have for his labour the third part of the forfeiture or the merchan- 
difes carried or conveyed againft this ordinance. Saving always 
that the merchants of Genoa* Venice, Tufcatn n Lombardy, Ftorenu, 
and Catalonia, may (hip wools, woolfels, leather, lead, and tin 
tn their (hips, gallies, carraks, and other vefiels, and to bring 
the fame Into their country towards the Well, in manner ac- 
cuftomed before this time. Saving alfo to the burgefles of the 
Berwick. town of Berwick upon Tweed* the privileges and benefits to 
them before this time granted, as in divers ftatutes thereof made 
is fully contained, notwithstanding this ordinance. 

C A P. XVIII. 

Certain ordinances made far the prices of mercbandifes, and 

maintenance of the town and' mini at Calais. 

ITEM, our fovereien lord the King, confidering certain ar- 
ticles enfuing, to be conceived and defired, as well for the 
profit and wealth of him and his realm univedal, as for thegood 
Staple of Ca- ^politick, governance and fupportation of the ftaple of Calais* by 
bit. advice and afient of the lords fpiritual and temporal, and alia 

of the commons being in this prefent parliameht, by authority 
of the fame, hath granted the ume articles to be kept and ob- 
ierved, to begin at the feaft of the Purification of our Lady, next 
after the beginning of the faid parliament, until the feaft of the 
Annunciation of ourLady then next follow ing,and from the fame 
feaft of the Annunciation to endure till the end of three years thai 
next following after the form following, that is to fay : 

Firft, That the ordinance and appointment of late made to 
the (aid ftaple of Calais y upon wools, woolfels, and tin, be 
fiirely kept and obferved in all thefe five points following, 
that is to &y, That the price of the (aid wools, woolfels, 
and tin, be not abated, but augmented and put to greater 
increafe and advantage. 

Item, That the whole payment be made in hand for the (aid 
wools, woolfels, and tin, in gold and filver without fubtiky 
or coilufion. 

Bullion. Item, That the bullion be brought to the mint to Calais* 

that is to fay, for every farplcr of wools, whereof the 
weight of the fack is fold for xij. marks, fix pounds, & 
marks, v.li, viij. marks, iv.li. And the woolfels after tb# 
rate, to be forged in the King's coin. 

Item, That every man that (hall fell or do to be (old, any 

wools or woolfels at the ftaple of Calais, (hall make a lawful 

and equal partition of the money of the fame^ with then* 

% which 



14*9-] Attio oftavo Henrici VI. I+J 

which have the wools or woolfcls of the fame country from 
whence the wools or woolfcls be, and with whom he is 
joined and aflbciateto make partition, without fraud or xnai* 
engine. 

And alfo that at all times the merchants felltrs, (hall make ao- 
quittances to the merchants buyers, to be fealed under the 
fcal to that ordained within the laid ftaple, to the intent that 
no merchant feller (hall from henceforth lend any manner n H. 6. c.ij. 
of money to any merchant by him received of the wools or 
fells, but that the fame money may be brought within the 
jrealm without fubtilty or fraud. 

CAP. XIX. 
If a mariner Jhall receive into bis Jbip any merchandifes, or 
carry them to any other place than to the ftaple at Calais, 
the goods and Jbip Jhall be forfeited. 

ITEM, for as much as oftentimes divers mariners (hangers of 
divers parts of Flanders, Holland, Zealand, and Brabant, in 
divers ports and creeks of the realm, take their (hips and veflels, 
wools, woolfcls, and other merchandifes of the ftaple, which be staDleofC*. 
traded in tuns, pipes, barrels, facks, fardels and otherwife, and \^y • 
and the feme privily do put and conceal in their veflels under- 
neath wood, wheat, oats, rye, and in other manner, and fo carry 
them into divers parts beyond the fea, to the King's great preju- 
dice in dimini(hing of his cuftoms and fubfldies, and to the da- 
mage of all the liege people of his realm : our fovereign lord the 
Kling willing to efchewthe faid prejudices, and againft fuch fub- 
trlties to provide remedy, hath ordained by the authority afore- 
feid, That no mariner ftranger nor other mariner, that is like- Mariner, 
wife owner and mafter of one (hip or veffel, (hall take nor receive 
within England, Wdes, nor Inland, in his (hip or veflel any 
manner of wools, woolfels, nor other merchandifes of the ftaple* 
nor carry the fame out of the realm to any parts beyond the fea > 
but only to the ftaple of Calais, except fuch which by the ordi- 
nance made, (hall pais over the (freights of Marrok, and that 
upon pain of forfeiture to the King of fuch (hips and goods fo 
found defective, as of the goods of the faid mariners, being in 
the fame (hips or veflels. And that the mayor of the ftaple for 
the time being, (hall have power and authority to make due . 
learch in this part. And the (hips goods, ana mariners, if 
they be thereof found defective, for to be prefented, and deli- 
vered to the King's council in England, by juft relation thereof 
to be made by the (aid mayor or his deputy, he having for his Major of the 
reward the third part of the forfeitures by him prefented and fta F c ' 
taken in the manner aforefaid. 



CAP, 



"44 



Anno o&avo Henrici VI. 



[1429. 



Dwellers in 
Calais. 



New-caftle. 
Berwick. 



CAP. XX. 

No merchants of Calais Jball buy beyond tbefea any mer- 
cbandife of tbeftaple. 

ITEM, for as much as the King is informed, Thar Certain 
perfons continually, inhabiting in the town of Calais* with 
merchants aliens of their affinity and confent, for their lingular 
lucre, dp imagine by fubtil means to diminish the price of the 
commodities of this realm, which heretofore have been and yet 
be greatly ufed, in fo much that when the merchants aliens 
ought to have repaired to the faid town to buy wools and 
woolfels, they have been returned, and withdrawn by the (aid 
inhabitants, fo that the poor men have been let to fell their 
goods, and for great mifchief they mud of neceffity fell their 
goods to the faid inhabitants of Calais, which will not buy the 
lame but greatly within their price, to the great hurt and hinder- 
ance of the fellers, and abatement of the price of the faid com- 
modities : the fame our fovereign lord the King, willing; there^ 
upon to provide remedy, for his profit and the avail of his 
realm, hath ordained by the faid authority, That from hence- 
forth no merchant continually inhabiting within the faid town 
of Calais, (hall be differed to buy beyond the fea, any manner of 
wools, woolfels, leather, lead, nor tin, nor other merchandife 
pertaining to the ftaple, upon pain of forfeiture of the fame, as 
often as it may be proved. 

CAP. XXI. 

A repeal of all licences granted to men of Newcaftle and Ber- 
wick, to carry mercbandifes to other places than to Calais. 
The penalty for carrying of mercbandifes of tbeftaple 
into Scotland. 

ITEM, for as much as a great noife runneth amongft men of 
Ntvocajlle and Berwick* That if they (hould bring their 
wools to theftaple of Calais, they (hould be undone and deftroy- 
ed, where the contrary is trutn, and may be proved, as the 
King is informed (for the mayor of the ftaple and his compani- 
ons, will give to the faid men of Newcaftle and Berwick, for the 
quantity of their wools and woolfels, likewife as the King one 
year with another hath been anfwered with the cuftom and fub- 
fidy of the fame, and as much as they have been fold for in 
Flanders, or in other places where they do repair, to be paid at 
reafonable terms in gold and filver to be brought into this realm, 
where not one penny cometh by them now :) the fame our fo-' 
vercign lord the King, confidenng that by the licences of the 
faid men of Newcaftle and Berwick* great hindrance cometh to 
him of his cuftoms and fubfidies, and abatement of the price 
of the commodity of the realm, hath ordained by the authority 
aforefaid, that their faid licences (hall be repealed. And if any 
of evil will fell or carry any wools or woolfels, leather, lead, or 
other merchandife of the ftaple in defraud of the King, or hin- 
drance 



Aftrib 66tavo Henrici VI. 



*45 



ITEM, Forafmuch as great 
hindrance cometh to the King 



of the commodity of his realm, into Scotland that he Scotland, 
feit the fame goods, with the double value, and his bo^ 
ifon by the (pace of a year. 

CAP. XXII. 
s requifite to be done in Grinding and packing of wool. 
None Jhall force, clack, or beard any wool. 

I pur ceo qc graunt 
rifement aveigne au 
; fez cuftumes & fub- 
)ar ceux qi clakkent 
snt les bones lains du 
: pur eux carter dehors 
n eftraunges paiis ordi- 
qe null eftraunger ne 
rcer clakker ne harder 
iner des leitis pur carter 
i roialme fur peine de 
re de mefmes lez lains 
le double value dicell & 
fonement de fon corps, 
lull pakkur dez lains ne 
ins le dit roialme forfqe 
: due pakkure ne qe null 
ill inwynde deins la te- 
es lains a lenrollement 
lains ne mette en icell 
pelwoll tarre peers fab- 
"e ne herbe ne null autre 
Stqiqele faceeit la partie 
site greve ehvers luy fa 
a la commune ley de 
& deceit. 



in bis cuftoms and fubfidies by 
them that do clack and force the 
good wools of the realm, to carry 
them out of the fame intofirange 
countries ; (2) it is orciained^ wfiatisre- 
That no ftranger (hall caufe to quifite to be 
be forced, clacked, nor beard- ? one "3 win £ 
cd, any manner of wool, to gj a ? d w E? 
carry them out of the realip, 
upon pain of forfeiture of the 
fame wools, with the double 
value of the fame, and of im- 
prifonment of his body. (3) 
And that no wool-packer (hall 
make within the realm, but 
good and due packing; (4) 
and that no man make any in- 
winding within the fleece of 
wools at the rolling up of his 
wools, nor put in the fame 
locks, pelt-wool, tar, ftones, 
fand, earth, grafs, nor any 
dirt j (5) and if any do, he 
that feeleth him grieved (hall 
have his a&ion at the com- 
mon law of trefpafs and deceit. 3 u 4 /; 1 V 

XXIII. 
turn* of woolen yarnfball be carried out of the realm. 

ITEM, becaufe the weavers 
within this realm be and 
heretofore have been accujlcmed, 
that when they wrought a cloth 
near the end, to cUt away for 
their private profit the thread 
which is left unwoven, and call 
the fame thrums, and to the great 
deceit of the owners of the fame 
cloths, they Jell the lame thrums 
tcrfucb perfons which carry them 
into Flanders and other places, 
though the King have thereof no 
profit of tujlom nor fubfidy : (2) 
L for 



CAP. 



M pur taunt qe les tex- 
ts deins le roialme fount 
aunt ces heours ount 
xuftumez quant ils ount 
un drap bien pres le fin 
icher a part a lour fmgu- 
ntage les files qi demu- 
ient texez & les apellent 
mes a graunde deceit de 
is queux les dit draps 
8c mefmes les thrommes 
imt a tielx perfones qe i- 
unefiient en Flaundres & 
eftraunges paiis come 
l. III. bone 



1^.6, Anno oftavp He^nrici YL [*4?9 

for under the colour of fuch thrums bone mercharujife; tut (oit qc 



dhers per/bus, as well Jlrangers 
at denizing do ingrofs and gather 
in divers parts of the faid realm, 
great quantity of woolen thread* 
tolled woolen yarn, and the fame 
do carry to the faid Jlrange parts, 
and thereof mate good cloths ; ( 3) 
Jb that under ihisfubtil colour ihi 
King is yearly great fy defr 
bis cHJloms and fubfidtes. 



Neither 
thrums nor 
woolen yarn 
(hall be car- 
ried forth of 
the realm. 



•j H. 6.C.3. 



noftre feighuf le, Roy cnt nad. 
null profit de cuftume ne fub- 
(idee par defbubz le colour die 
tielx'thrbmmes diverfes perfo- 
rt.es fibien eftraungiers come' 
dejinfzeins engrocent & coillent 
es diverfes parties, du dit roi- 
alme grauride quantite de$ 'fi- 
fes des fines lains appellees, 
wollenyarn & icelfes amefhentj 



ought id rife to htm, if they were es dltes eftraunges parties & cnt 

fhdfy wrought within the faid facent bones drips encyqede>' 

fealm % or elfe if they were not ' foubz ceft fubtile colour noftre , 

wrought, but in wools brought to fcignur le Roy eft chefcun an 

thejlaple ^Calais: (4) where- graundement defraudez de" fez' 

fore) it is ordained, That no etiftumes & fubfidees qe.a luy^ 

man (hall carry or convey out devoient fourder t fils feuflcntj 

of the faid realrn, any manner ' pleinemcnt oeverez deinz ]e 

of thrums, or woolen yam un- dit roialme ou autrement fils , 

der colour of thrums, upon nefeurunt oeverez mes en lains. 



pain to forfeit the double va- 
lue of the fame. 



amefnez a leftaple de Caleis* 
pur quoy ordinez eft qe null 



homme nc carie ne amefne 
hors du roialme null maner des thromrhes ne fife's des lains ap- 
pellez wollenyarn defoubi colour de thrommes fur pain de 
forfeiture de la double vahie dicell. 

None fhall fay merchants aliens in gold, but infilver. Mtr- 
cbandije jkall not he fold to an alien but for prefent pay- 
ment. 



ITEM, For that merchants a- 
' liens of late have taken in . 
^om, that when they fell any! 
heir nurchandifes to any per- 
within the realm, they will 
not demand nor receive for any 
payment for the fame any manner- 
offilver, as they were wont, but 
only gold' nobles, half nobles, and 
farthings, which from time to time 
they do carry out of the realm into 
other Jlrange countries,^ where \ 
they be changed to their increafe, 
&*d firged into other coins, Jo 
that they gain in the allay of eve- 
ry noble twenty pence, againft the 
tenour ofthejfattctes thereof made, 
and to the great prejudice of this 
whole realm. 

II. Our 



ITEM pur ceo qe les mer- . 
chantz aliens jatarde oiinf 
prife en cuftume qe quant ils 
vendont. afcuns de lour mer- 
diandifefcaafcun perfone deins. 
le roialme ils ne vdillent de- 
maunder ne receiver pur afcun 
paiement pur icell null maner. 
dargent ficome ils foloient faire , 
mes foulment.or nobles dimi. 
nobles & ferlyngs les queux dc 
temps en temps ils amdhent. 
hors du roialme en autres e- 
ftraunges paiis lou ils fount 
chaungiez a lour encrece & 
forgezen autres coignesenfyqils 
gaignent en lallaie de chefcun 
noble xx d, encontre le tenure 
des cftatutz entiaitzagraunde. 



J4 2 9-l Anno ofltavb HkNRici VI. 147 

prejudice du Roi & de Ton roi- 
alme ur.iverfell. 
. Noftre dit feignur le Roi en 
ceo cas voillant purvoier de re- 
ihedie ad ordeine qe null mar- 
chant alien ne ferra arter ne 
Her afcun des lieges du Roi 

1>ar pa<5t covenant ne liege de 
uy faire paiement en or pur 
hulle manere de dette qi a luy. 
poet eftre due ne refufe de re- 
ceiver paiment en argent pur 
afcun maner du tiel duete ou 
dette furpeyn de double value 
dicell. Et auxi pur efchuer le 
graunde perde qc divers perfo- 
nes de ceft roialme ount euz & 
font femblablez davoir par lour 
appreftz faitz de lour mer- 
chandifes as merchantz aliens 
3u#unt enfuez ovec icelles & 
e jour en autre priegnent 
frnftuaries ordinez eft qe null 
Englois ne vende deinz ceft 
roialnie ne face vendre de ceft 
jour enavaunta null marchant 
alien null maner demarchandif- 
es mesfoulementpurpreft paie- 
ment en monoye ou autrement 
en merchandifes pur merchan- 
dises pur eftre paiez & content 
en main fur peyn de forfeiture 
dicell. 

CAP. XXV. 

The mayor of the ftaple of "Calais Jhall continue Moo years in 

bis office. 

I.*r£M 9 for certain great and notable caufes concerning the Ex edit. Raft, 
honour of our fovereign lord the King, and the common 
weal of all his realm : it is ordained by authority of this par- 
liament, That the mayor of the ftaple o( Calais^ which now is, 
(hall ftand in hi* office of mayor or the fame ftaple, till the fcaft 
of our Lady next enfuing, and from the faid feaft till the end 
of two years then next following fully be fulfilled, notwith- 
Aanding any ftatute or ordinance made to the contrary. 

CAP. XXVI. 
tfbe penalty if in arty afiion the defendant make default to 

put the lords j mayors, fcf c . from their jurifdiltion. 
T.tTEM ordinez eft par auc- TTEM, it is ordained by the The penalty 
J^-'torite defufditte qeri toutz JL authority aforefaid, That if in asfifear 
briefs daffifes 5c dadtions per- in all writs of affifes, and of g*™£"£ 



II. Our lord the King *il- No man thall 
Jing in this cafe to provide re- {£ com jJ l J* 
medy, hath ordained, That no to amercbant 
merchant alien (hall conftrain alien, 
nor bind any 6f the King's 4 H.7.c.is» 
liege people by promifc, cove- 
nant or bond, to make hini 
payment in gold for any man?* 
ner of debt which to him may 
be due, nor refufe to receive 
payment in filvcr for any man- 
ner of fuch duty or debt, upon 
the pain of the double value of 
the fame. (2) And alfo to ef- 
chew the great lofles which di- 
vers perfons of this realm of 
England have had, and alfo bt 
likely to have, for their loans 
made of their merchandifes to 
merchants aliens, which haver 
Red with the fame, and daily- 
take fan&uaries, it is ordained, 
that no EngUJhman (hall fell 
within this realm, or caufe to 
be fold hereafter, to any mer- No tneM- 
chant alien, any manner of man (hall fell 
merchandifes, but only for rea- 1"* goods to * 
dy payment in hand, or elfe in m«£hant ali- 
merchandifesfor merchandifes, !£fc™ £L 
to be paid and contented in m ent,orothcr 
hand, upon pabi of forfeiture raercUandife. 
of the fame, $ H. 6. c.». 



fonelx 



La 



actions 



tkn,thcde- 



14-3 

fendant make 
default to 
put the lords, 
mayors, &c. 
from their 
jurifdi&ion* 



Anno o&avo Henrici Yt. 



1*4*9. 



9H.*x.e. 

Mayors, bai- 
liffs, &c. 
Lords of an- 
cient demefne, 
named dif- 
fcifors in afsife 
by collulion, 
to put them 
out of their 
cognifance. 



actions pcrfonal, fued or to be 
fued before the King in his 
bench, juftiecs of the com- 
mon place, or any other the 
King's juftices for the time 
being, of any lands or tene- 
ments, or of any thing be- 
ing and rifing within arty 
feignory, franchife* or ancient 
demefne, whereof the cognr- 
fance or jurifdiftion ought to 
pertain to any lords, mayors, 
bailiffs, citizens, burgefles, or 
commonalty of fuch feignories, 
franchifes, or ancient demefoe, 
that then if any defendant in 
any fuch aflife, or other a&ions 
perfonal, make any default, to 
put out, exclude, and expel 
the aforefaid lords, mayors, 
bailiffs, citizens, burgefles, or 
commonalty of their cognifance 
or franchife, that the juftices, 
at the requeft of the faid lords, 
mayors, bailiffs, citizens, bur- 
gefles, or commonalty, (hall 
make enquiry by the aflife 
where fuch exception is alledg- 
cd in affifes, and in a&ions 
perfonals by rnquefts to be ta- 
ken before the juftices, if fuch 
defaults (hall b»4Aade as afore 
is faid, or not : (2) in which 
aflife and inqueft fo to be ta- 
ken, as well the plaintiffs as 
the lords, mayors, bailiffs, ci- 
tizens, burgefles, and com- 
monalty may have their chal- 
lenge. (3) And if it be found 
by fuch amies or inquefts fo to 
be taken, that fuch defaults 
(hall be made by collufion, to 

Imt out and exclude the faid 
ords, mayors, bailiffs, citi- 
zens, burgefles, or common- 
alty of their franchifes, liber- 
ties, cognizances, or jurifdic- 
tion, that in fuch cafes the faid 
writs (hall be abated, .and the 
plaintiffs (hall be in the King's 
mercy ; (4) by consideration 

that 



fonelx fuez ou a fuers devaunt 
le Roi en fon bank juftices de 
commune bank ou autres juf- 
tices le Roi qiconqe pur le 
temps efteantz dafcuns terra 
tenementz ou autres chofes 
efteant 00 furdaunt deinz af- 
cuns feignurie fraunchife ou 
aurtcien demefne dount la co- 
nufance ou jurifdi6tfon doit 
aperteigner ars afcuns feignurs 
mairs bailiffs citezeins burgeys 
ou communahe de tielx feig- 
nurs franchife ou auncien de- 
mefne qe adonqes fi afcun de- 
fendant en afcun tiel aflife ou 
autres a&ions perfonelx face 
defaute pur ouffaer & excluder 
les ditz feignurs mairs baillifs 
citezeins burgeys ou commu- 
nahe de lour fraunchife ou co- 
nufance qe les juftices al re- 
queft dez ditz feignurs main 
bailifs citezeins burgeys ou 
communalte facent enquerer 
par laflife ou tiel exception eft 
alegge en aflife & en a&ions 
perfonelx par enqueftz appren- 
dre devaunt les juftices fi tielx 
defautes foient faitz come de- 
fuis eft dit ou nemye en queulx 
aflife & enqueft iffint appren- 
dre fibien les pleintifi come les 
feignurs mairs baillifs citezeins 
burgeys & communalte pur- 
ront aver lour chalaunge. Et 
fi trove foit par tielx aflife ou 
enqueftes iflint apprendres qe 
tielx defautes foient faitz par 
collufion pur ouftier & exclu- 
der les ditz feignurs mairs bail- 
lifs citezeins burgeys ou com- 
munalte de lour franchife li- 
bertees conufances ou jurif- 
didtion qe en tielx cafes lex 
ditz briefs foient abatuz & lez 

Eleintifs foient en la mercy le- 
Loy par confideration qil eft 
ordine par leftatuit fait Ian du 
regne le Roy 1 Henry aiel noftre 
feignur le Roy ixm« qe fi afcun 

mair 



14^9-3 Anno cxftavo Henrici VL 149 

mair baillif communalte ou that it is ordained by the ftatute 
feignur dauncien demene foit made the ninth year of the 
nome en briefs daflife par col- reign of King Henry* grandfa- 
Jufion pur eux ouftier de lour ther toourlordtheKing,That 
conufance ou jurifdiftion en if any mayor, bailiff, common- 
cell partie qe les juftices pri- ajty, or lord of ancient de- 
nies enquergent par laffife du mefne be named in writs of 
paiis de tiel coUufion fi les ditz aflifes by collufioji, to put then* 
teignurs mairs baillifs ou com- out of their cognizance or ju- 
munalte le demandent. Et fi rifdi&ion in .this behalf, that * 

trove foit par tiel enquifition the iuftices firft (hall eoquire 
qils foient iffint nomez par col- by tnc affife of the country, of 
lufion quadonqes le brief aba- fuch collufion, if the faid lords* 
tera. mayors, bailiffs, or common- 

alty the fame require ; (5) and 
if it be found by fuch inquifition, that they he fo named by 
collufion, that then the writ (hall abate* 

CAP. XXVII. 
A remedy for the inhabitants of Tewkfbury in the county of 
Gloucefter, againfi the commonalty of the for eft of Dean, 
&c. to prevent future robberies and injuries in the naviga- 
tion on the Severn. 

ITEM, forafaiuch as the commons of the realm of England* E* edit. Raft, 
being in the fame parliament, at the inftance and efpecial 
requeft of the faithful liege people of our fovereign lord the 
King, the bailiffs, burgefles, and commonalty of the town of 
Texvksbury* witliin the county of GUmceJler* have made to our 
fovereign lord the King, a very grievous complaint in the fame 
parliament; That whereas the faid town of Tewkfbury is adjoin* 
ing to the river of Severn* within the faid county of Gl&ucejter* 
which river is common to all the liege people of our fovereign 
lord the King, to carry and bring within the ftream of the faid 
river in boats, troughs, and otherwife, all manner of merchan- 
dise and other goods and chattels to Brijfol* and to every part 
adjpining to the fame river, in which river divers perfon of the 
faid town oi Tewkfbury often times and now of late have charg- 
ed their, proper veflek and troughs with wheat, rye, and other 
com and goods, to the value of five hundred pounds, and fo 
the fame veflels and troughs fo charged, have conveyed in the 
fame river towards the faid town of Brijiol by the coaft$ of the 
foreft of Dean* within the faid county of Gloucefter* joining to 
the fiud riv/tr, there have commonly great multitude of people, 
and routs of the commons of the fame foreft, and of the hun- 
dreds of Bledijhw and Wefburv* with great riot and force in 
manner of war, as enemies or a ftrange land, and with force 
have fpoiled the fame perlbns of the laid vefTels, and taken of 
them all their corn and goods within the fame veflels, and the 
fane perfons have menaced and threatened to put to death, if they 
madeany refinance, or any fiiit, quarrel, or complaint for the fame, 
tQ tfc grtfft hiqdrance, lofs, and impoverifhment of the faid per* 

^3 few* 



ijD Anno o&avo Hen^ici VI. [1429, 

Cans, and oppreffion of all the country there adjoining. And 
fcfterwarci the fame our fovereign lord the King, by the advice 
and affent of his council, fent his letters of pnvy leal, direded 
to divers perfons of the (aid foreft, to make open proclamation 
that no man of the faid foreft (hould be fo hardy to inquiet or 
difturb his people to pafs by the river with all manner of corn, 
roods and chattels, or any other merchandife, upon the paiii 
of treafon, after which proclamation fo made, the (aid treipaf- 
fers came to the faid river with more greater routs and riots 
than ever they did before, not efteeming nor regarding the fai^ 
letters of privy fcal, and there fpoiled at divers times eight 
Jroughs of wheat, rye~flour, and divers other goods and chat- 
tels, and the people of the fame troughs did throw over the 
board and divers of them drowned, ana the ftems of the faid 
troughs did cut away, and did threaten the owners of the faiA 
goods and chattels, and alfo the people of the faid troughs, that 
they (hould not be fo hardy to carry no manner of vi&ual by 
the faid ftream much nor little, for lord nor for lady : and that 
they would hew all to pieces the (aid boats, it they came 
another time by the coafts of the faid foreft of Dcan y tor the 
which riot and rebellion, no peribn of the (aid town of Trwkf* 
bury^ nor of the country adjoining, dare not carry any corn nor 
other goods nor chattels in the'faid river, nor purfue to have 
remedy for fuch oppreffions and griefs to them done, forafmuch 
as the (aid foreft or Dean and hundreds be very large, and the 
people inhabiting and refident in the fame very wild, and nigh 
foreft of adjoining to the country of IVaUs. And all the commons of 
Poo. the fame foreft and hundreds of one affinity and confederacy in 

malice and riot, not pondering nor regarding the law, nor the 
officers and minifters of the fame, nor caring for the procefs nor 
the punifhment of the law of the land, infomuch that they will 
not obey, but at their own will, any minifter of the King's 
laws, nor execution of the fame, nor the officers not minifters 
of the law of the faid county, dare not in any wife come into 
the faid foreft, to execute any matter or procefe of the law a- 
gainft the will and intent of the commons of the foreft and hun- 
dred aforefaid. Our fovereign lord -the King, having tender re- 
fpeft and confideration of the faid mifchiefs, and alfo confider- 
ing the inconveniencies, which be like to enfue and follow upon 
the fame,, and upon that willing to refift the malice of fiich 
tranfgrefjbrs and offenders, and to provide hafty and covenablc 
remedy for his faid faithful liege people fo grieved in this be- 
half, by the advice and aflent of the lords fpiritual and tempo- 
ral, being in this prefent parliament, and at the fpecial requeft of 
toe faid commons there aflembled, hath ordained by authority 
of the lame parliament, thar in every fuch cafe hereafter to 
come, or elfc had or chanced this laft year part, the (heriff of 
the faid county, or the bailiffs of the town of Glauejler for the 
time h^ing, or one of them, upon pain of forfeiture of twenty 
pounds to be levied of their lands, goods, *nd chattels, to the 
ufc of'our fovereign lord the King, make proclamation at the faid 



1*429-] Anno oAavo Henrici VI. 15 r 

town oiGhuciftir^ within four d^ys next' after notliicatfQnmacJc 
to them, or to any of them by the'perfons fo endamaged, or J>y 
any other in their names, of fuch injuries and trefpafles.don$ t 
and that the (aid trefpaflers and offenders ihall reftore in the 
fimc town diGlcucefter within fifteen days after the faidprocl^ 
ihation to the (aid perfons fo endamaged, their faid corn and 
merchandifes, goods and chattels fo taken, or the very value of 
the fame, with reaibiiaWe amends for their damages .of fuch 
taking. After .which proclamation if the fcid trefpaflers do not 
reftore the faid corn and merchandifes, goods and chattels, or 
the value of the fame, to the parties fo grieved in the form a- 
^brefeid, with reasonable amends for their damages, nor that 
the faid trefpaflers be not brought to the King's prifon, .to the 
caiftfe of Glouufttr for the faid trefpafles by the officers of the faicl 
foreft's and hundred's, or by the commonalties of the Came, to 
be demeaned in fuch cafe by the King and his council, that 
then by confideration'of the ftatute of fVinchefter put for the 
robbery of any perfon, which giveth an action for him which is 
robbed, againft thehundred within which the feme robbery is done, 
after the form of the fame ftatute, the faid commonalties (hall be 
charged of the fame corn and fnerchapdifes, goods and chattels 
fo taken, or of the very value of the fame, to the partiej 4b 
grieved, to fatisfy them of tfieir damages for the fanje tailing; 
And that the faid parties fo endamaged and grieved, may have 
their general actions of debt againft the faid commonalties of 
the faid foreft and hundred, of the fum of money, to which tte 
value of the corn, merchandifes, goods and chattels fo taken 
do extend. 

Apd although the laid commonalties be no commonalties cor- Commonalty 
por&te, yet they (hall have procefe in fuch acYiops of debt, by incorporate, 
fummons, attachments, and diftrefs, as if he were to have an 
a&ion of debt at the common law, fo that if the faid common- 
alties make default at the fecond diftrefs in fuch actions, that 
then the party which (hall fue, (hall h^vc judgment to recover 
his debt againft the faid commonalties, after the fuppofal of 
their goods, in the form aforefaid, with his reafonable dama- 
ges and expences. And whatfoever iflue triable by inqueft in 
the £fld foreft and hundreds fhall happen to be taken in fuch 
acftions; it (hall be tried by inqueft of the body of the faid 
cburity, out of the fame foreft and hundreds. And that the 
good* and chattels of every (insular perfon of the (aid commo- 
nilties, for the time hieing, (hall be had, taken, and holden in, 
law convJQ, as the common. goods and chattels of the fame 
commonilties, touching the return, ferving, and all executions 
6f Writs, proceffes andjudgments in and of the faid actions. 
And dfiat every Angular perfon pf the faid foreft and common- 
altif s, have power by authority of the faid parliament, to at- 
tich and arreft the faid trefpaflers by their bodies, as well with- 
in the (aid foreft as without, and them fo arretted to commit to 
t£c/aid prifon. And that the keeper of the fame prifon upon 
pain df forty pounds, to be levied of his goods and chattels, 

h 4 lands 



«5* 



Sx edit. Raft. 
This chapter 
ft not on the 

roll. 
Bridges. 
Waters of 
Purford. 



Anno o&avo Henrici VI. [ 1 429, 

lands and tenements, to the ufe of our fovereign lord the King, 
(hall fafely keep every perfon fo committed to his cuftody, till 
the time that the King or his council bath ordained and provi- 
ded their deliverance of record. And if the goods or chattel* 
of any flpgular perlbn or perfons of the faid foreft and hundreds, 
being not guilty of the (aid robberies, happen to be put in exe- 
cution becaufe of any fuch actions an$l judgments, that then 
the faid perfon or perfons fo being not guilty, may have their 
fpecial action of debt or trefpafs upon their cafe of the goods 
and chattels fo put in execution, againft the faid trefpaflers, tQ 
recover their damages, as well for the value of the goods or 
chattels fo put in execution, a? for their damages and cofta 
which happened to be had becaufe of fuch anions of debt; anil 
they (hall have fuch procefles in the (aid alliens pf debt or 
trefpafs, as is to be had in the faid actions of 4fbt for the fiud 
perfons fo endamaged and fpoiled. "" „' 

CAP. XXVIII. 
There Jhall be a bridge made over the water of Burford, and 
another over the water $f Culhamford, in the county of 
Oxford. ' 

ITEM, the King confidering the great eafe and profit, which 
. (hould come to his people by the making of two bridges, 
that is to fay, one over the water of Burford* and another over 
the water of Cufhamfordy in the highway extending from the 
town of Abingdon to Dorcbefter 9 in the county of Oxford^ and by 
the. enlarging, inhancing, and repairing; of the way betwixt the 
faid waters and bridges of the breadth of iiii perches and viii 
inches, between tjie ditches of the fame way, and alfo by the 
planting and letting of certain trees called Poplars and Willows, 
upon the b^nks of the faid ditches, for the reparation of the 
fame w.ays when (hall be needful : it is ordained by the afflent 
aforefaid, That the faid bridges and paflages over the fame, and 
alfo the (aid way between the (aid bridges, of the breadth afore- 
faid (hall be ^nd remain forever as bridges, paflages, and a way to 
all that fhaJI pafs there, gs well on horfeback, as on foot and 
btherwife, and with all manner of carriages. And that it be 
lawful to all the King'? liege people to repair, inhance, and 
pewly to edify and (cour the (aid bridges, way paflages an4 
ditches in the breadth ^forefajd, and new trees there to plant, 
and to cad in the faid ditches, clay, jnarl, gravel, to dig earth, 
and to take the fajne, and to cut the branches and buds of die 
fame trees in times convenient, to repair the (ame, as often as 
(hall pleafe them without impeachment pf any. Saving always 
the King's right* And f?virtg the abbot pi Abingdon and his 
convent, and their fucceflbrs, their liberties within the (aid 
bridges, paflages, waters, and ditches, as they were wont, aqd 
all their fifhing in the faid water above the faid bridges, and U} 
the ditches. • 



CAP. 



>4*9-] 



Anno oftavo Henrici VI. 



*53 



CAP. XXIX. 
An inqueft fball be De medietate linguae, where an alien is 

party. 

TTEM, whereas in tbeparlia** iSEd^.cij. 
ment holdtn at Weftminfter 



ITEM come en le parie- 
ment tenuz a Weftm* Ian 
xxvijmc du Roi E. tierce entre 
autres chofes en favour & li- 
bertee desmerchauntz eftraun- 
giers repairantx en le roialme 
pEngleterrc ordine foit qe d 
plee ou debate foit moeve de- 
vaunt le mair de leftaple entre 
les marchantz ou miniftres di- 
cell & fur ceo pur trier la ve- 



the twenty eighth year of King 
Edward the Third* among/} ci- 
ther things in favour and liberty 
of the merchants Jfrangers re-. 
pairing into t he. realm of Eng- 
land, it was ordained* That if a 
plea or debate be moved before the 
mayor of the Jlaple amongft the 
merchants or minifters of the 



rite enquefte ou proeve foit fame* and for to try the . truth 
apprendre fi lun partie & lau- thereof an inqueft of proof is to be 



tre foit eftraunge foit trie par 
eftraunges & fi lun partie & 
lautre foit deinfzein foit trie 
par deinfzeins & fi lun partie 
foit deinfzein & lautre alien foit 
lun moite de deinfzeins & lau- 
tre moite des aliens & enoutre 
qen toutz maners des en- 
queftes & proeves qi ferroient 
apprendre* ou affairs entre a- 
liens & deinfzeins foient ils 
mcrchantz ou autres fibien de- 
vaunt le mair de leftaple come 
devaunt qeconqes autres jugges 
ou miniftres tout foit le Roi 
partie foit lun moitee del en- 
queft ou proeve dez deinfzeins 
& lautre moitee des aliens fi 
tantz des aliens foient en la 
ville ou lieu ou del enqueft ou 
proeve foit apprendre qe ne 
ibient my parties ne ove les 
parties en contradtz plees ou 
autres querelles dount tielx 
enqueftes ou proeves deyvent 
eftre prifez & fi tant dez aliens 
ne ibient point adonqes foient 
myz en tielx enqueftes ou 
proeves tantz des aliens come 
ferront trovez en mefmes les 
lieux ou villes qi a ceo ne foi- 
ent my parties ne ove les parties 
come devaunt eft dit & le re- 
jDcnaunt de* deinfzeins qi 
foient 



taken* if tte one party and the 
other be ft range* it Jbould he tried 
by Jlrangers \ (2) and if the one 
party and the other be denizens, 
it Jbould be tried by denizens 1. 
(3) and if the one party be dent* 
zen* ana the other an alien* the 
one half Jbould be of denizens* and 
the other half aliens ; (4) arid 
moreover* that in all inqueft s and. 
proofs which Jhall be taken and 
made betwixt aliens and denizens 9 
be they merchants or other* as 
well before the mayor of the Jla- 
ple, as before any other judges or 
minifters* although our lord the 
King be party* the* one half of 
the inqueft or proof Jbould be of 
denizens* and the other half of 
aliens* if there be fo many aliens 
in the town or place where fuch 
inqueft or proof is to be taken* . 
that be not parties* nor with the 
parties in contracts* pleas* or o». 
tber quarrels* whereof fuch in- 
quefts or proofs ought to be taken 5 , 
(5) and if there be not fo many 
aliens, thenfo many aliens Jhall be 
put in fuch inqueft s or proof as* 
Jhall be found in the fame places* 
or towns which be not pen-ties 
thereunto* nor with the parties as 
before isfaid* and the remnant of 
denizens wbkh be good men* and 

not 



*5* 



Anno oftavb Henrici VI. 



SE5. ftat. 



net fufpeft of the one party nor of 
the otter. * (6) Sitbente which 
Ordinance ihe faidinerchdnts'nli- 
ens have been always demeaned 
and r*Ied> as weU tnthe 'JhipU%> 
as in ether of the Kings courts* 
after the form of the Jaid ordi- 
nance, until now of late they have 
teen thereof reflraihed and im- 
peached by crlour of another jla- 
tute Mode fa the parliament hoi- 
den at Weftminfter the fetond 
. ytar of King Henry, father to otor 
lord the King that now is ; (7) 
by which JUstute* for the great 
mfibiefsi damages, arid dtjheri- 
fins* which daily do happen 
through the realm, as well in cafe 
kftbe dthih of a mans as in cafe 
ef frtehblA and other cafes*, by 
them that pafs in inpujls in the 
feed tif/e, whkb were colrimohiu- 
rors* ahd ether which had but 
Stile or nothing to live \spon but 
ty fuch imftUft, Mi vbbicb had 
kethfag to life betaufe of their 
fatye Oaths, thereby they do the 
mere Hgbtfy offend their con- 
ferences \ (8) and for amcndthent 
and cerrthm thereof to be bad, it 
wis ordained andjldblifl>ed> That 
no petfoh be admitted to pafs h 
ahy iiftefl npoh trial of the death 
Of d than, &et in any inqnefl bi- 
fweeh part* and party in plea 
real brperfinal, whereof the deft 
and the damages dechred do 4- 
jnitnt to forty maris* except the 
faerie pefjon have lands or tene- 
ntents to the yearly value of forty 
/billings above aU charges ; (9) 
betaufe of which reftfaint and tni- 
peacmetttfi bade to divers fiier- 
ebants aliens* many of the fimi 
merchants aliens have withdraw^ 
and daily de vnitbdraw them^ and 
afcbaw to tank and be Sontierfadt 
an this fide the fed* and likely k is, 
that an the fake merchants abe&s 
'wiH depart ekt of the fame redid 
^England* iftbtfati ItfJM- 

tute 



fi'429. 

foicnt prodes hommcs & nicnt 
fufpicioufes a lun partie ne a 
lautre. Depuis quell ordi- 
nance les ditz marchantz ali- 
ens ount efte tout temps Ufr 
mefnez & Yeutez fibfcn en 1& 
ditz eftaples come en les autre* 
coiirfcs du Roy folonc la forme 
dicell ordinance tanqe jatarde 
qils ent ount efte reftrcintz & 
empefchiez par colour dun au- 
tre eftatuit fait en fe parle- 
ment trinuz a Weftm' Ian du 
reigne le Roi H. pier noftrt- 
feigndr le Roi qoreft fecbnde 
par quell leftatut pur les graun- 
des Vnefchiefs & difheritances 
qe de jour en autre aveignoi- 
ent parmy le roialme dEngle- 
teirre fibien en cas de morte de 
home come en cas de franc 
tenement 2c en autres cafes 
par cieux qi paflerent es en- 
queftes en les dites cafes qi feu- 
rent communes jurrours ft 
autres qi havoient qe poie de 
vivre mes par tielx enqueftet 
& les queux navoient rien i 
perdre par caufe de lour ftut 
fcrementz parount ils le put* 
legierment offenderent lour 
conferences & pur conation 
& amehdement ent avoir online 
fuift & eftablie qe null perfone 
foit adifcys de pafler en afcub 
eriqueft triall de morte de horn- 
me ne en afcun enquefte pa- 
rentre partie & partie en ple6 
reall ou perfonell dount le det- 
te & lez damages declarez a- 
mountent a xl. marcs fi mefme 
la perfbne nait terres ou tene- 
mentz del anuel value de xl$. 
par an outre les reprifes died- 
les A caufe de qudl reftreintfr 
empefcKement enfy faitz a* 
ditz merchants aliens plufoun 1 
de mefmes kz marchantz ali- 
ens leur ount retrattfez & fe 
retraKerit de jour en autre At 
efchuent de venir ic converfef 

par 



IAZ9-1 



Anno o&avo HrnMCX VI. 



?« 



j>ardecea & verifemblable eft 
qe treftoutz mefmes les mar- 
chantz aliens lour voillent de- 
partier hors de mefme le roi- 
alme fi le d'.t darrein eftatut 
ne fo.it pluis overtement decla- 
rer & lez ditz merchantz ali- 
ens reulez governez & demef- 
nez en tielx enqueftes folonc 
la fourme del primer ordi- 
nauncedefuifidite a trefgraunde 
a menu feme nt des fubfidees du 
Roi & grevoufc perde & da- 
jmage a tout Ton roialme a- 
vaunt dit. Noftre dit feignur 
le Roi confiderant lespremifle$ 
& qil ne fuift my lentention du 
dit nadgairs Roi ne de les fei- 
cnurs efpirituelx & temporelx 
"de fon dit pariement de dero- 
ger ou prejudicer a Je dit pri- 
mer ordinaunce par le dit dar- 
ren eftatut & qe mefine le dar- 
rein eftatut fuift fait a caufe 
des mefchiefs & diflieritances 
qavenoient per lez faux fere<- 
mentz des communes jurrour$ 
du roialme ficome il appiert 
par expreftes paroles de mefme 
leftatut & coment les ditz mar* 
chantz aliens ne font mye 
communes jurrours ne enhe- 
ritables deinz le dit roialme 
ne purront purchacer nenjoier 
ftfeuns terres ou tenementz en 
icell iaunz efpeciall licence du 
Roi. Et voillant pur ceo 
mefme noftre feignur le Roi 
purveier pur le bien & profit 
de luy & de fon dit roialme & 
pur efcheuer les damages & 
inconveniences cji purront Ie- 

g'erment avenir en cell partie 
auxi pur doner as ditz mer- 
chantz aliens le greindre co- 
rage & talent de venir ove lour 
xnerces & merchandifes en ceft 
roialme de ladvys & aflent dea 
feignurs efpirituelx & tempo- 
rt\k efteantz en ceft prefent 
pariement ad declaree le dit 
darrein 



tute .be not more plainly declared, 
and the /aid merchants aliens 
ruled and governed, anddemtan- - • . 

ed in fiuh in$u{fls<> according to 
the firjl ordinance Afore/aid* to 
the great diminishing of the 
King's JiMdies, and grievous 
jofs and damage of all his /aid 
realm ^England. (10) Our 
lord the King confidering ihepre- 
miffes, and bow that it was not 
the meaning 0/ -the /aid late King* 
nor of the lords Jpirtiual and tem- 
poral of the /aid parliament^ .t? 
hinder or prejudice the /aid firjl 
ordinance by the /aid laft Jlatute* 
(11) and that the /aid laft fta- 
tute was made in re/pefi of the 
mifchiefs <wd difherifons that 
happened by the/alfe oaths of the 
common jurors 0/ the realm of 
England, as it appeareth by ex- 
press words of the fame Jiatute % 
and how that the /aid merchants 
aliens be not common jurors, nor 
inhabiting within the /aid realm* 
nor may not pur chafe nor enjoy 
any lands or tenements in the 
Jame y without the King's /pedal 
licence; (12) and the tune our a confirms 
lord the King willing therein tian of the 
to provide for the weal and ftatute of *S 
profit of him and all his realm, ^fL'gJJ" 
and to efchew the damages ^ jnqueft 
and inconveniencies which may (hall be De 
eafily happen in this behalf, medietate 
and alfo to give to the fi^^STin afi- 
jnerchants aliens the greater ^u party, 
courage and defire to come 
with their wares and men- 
chandifes into this realm, by 
the advice and aflent of the 
lords fpiritual and temporal, 
being in this prefent parlia- 
ment, hath declared the (aid 
laft ftatute, made in the time 
of his father, to be in no wife 
prejudicial to the laid ordi- 
nance, nor to extend itfelf but 
only to the inquefts to be ta- 
ken betwixt denizen and de- 
nizen 



isfi 



And the fta- 
tute ot % H.5 
ftat.ft.c3. 
limited to 
inquefts ta- 
ken between 
denizen and 
denigen. 



Anno nono Henrici VI. 



[i43°- 



nizen, and not to other in- 
quefts and proofs aforefaid; 
(13) and the faid firft or- 
dinance to be effedlual and 
(land in force, and to be 
put in due execution accor- 
ding to the form of the fame, 
notwithftanding the faid laft 
ftatute, or that that the aliens 
have not lands or tenements to 
the value of forty (hillings by 
the year, according to the pur- 
port of the fame laft ftatute and 
ordinance. 



value de xl s. par an folonc la 
eftatut nknt contrifteant. 



darrein eftatut fait en temps de 
fon dit pier noun eftre afcune- 
ment prcjudiciell au cjite pri- 
raere ordinaunce ne fe exten- 
dre mes tantfoulement a les 
enqueftes apprendres parentre 
deinfzein & deinfzein & neray 
a les autres enqueftes & proe- 
ves defufdites & la dite pri~ 
mere ordinance deftre effe&uell 
& eftoier en fa force & deftre 
myz en due execution folonc 
la forme diccjl le dit darrein e« 
ftatut ou ceo qelez aliens nount 
my terres ou tenements a le 
contenue de ipefme le darrein 



Statutes made at Wejlminfter> Anno 9 Hen. VL 
and Anno Dom. 1430. 



AT the parliament holden 
at Weftminfter the Fri- 
day next before the feajl of 
St. Hillary, the ninth year of the 
reign of our lord the King that 
notv «, divers flatutes and or- 
dinances wire made and ejtablijb- 
ed by the advice and ajfent of the 
lords fpiritual and temporal* and 
at thefpecial requeft of the corn- 
mom of the realm aJfemfHed in 
the faid parliament, in the form 
following. 



AU parlejnent tenuz a 
Weftm' le Vendredy 
!>rofchein devaunt le feft dc 
eint Hillary Ian du regue no* 
ftre feignur le Roi qoreft noe- 
fifme diverfez eftatutz & orde* 
naunces feurent faitz & ordi* 
nez par advis & aflent des 
feignurs ' efpirituelx & tempo- 
relx & a la efpeciall requeft 
des communes du roialme en 
le dit parlement aflemhlez en 
la fourme qenfuit. 



E* edit. Raft. 



CAP. I. 

All affifes and Nifi priu$ (ball be adjourned during ibis par- 

liamenty until certain days. 

FIRST, copfidering how that in all the counties of Eng- 
land the days of the affifes of Novell dijeifin and of Nifi print 
then wer? prefixed very likely tp be holder during the high 
court of the faid parliament, in which court of parliament ma- 
ny of the King's liege people were by his commandment, of 
which many were plaintiffs and many defendants in the fame af- 
fifes and Nifi prius> and in the faid affifes and Nifi prim* the 
fame plaintiffs and defendants were likely to be disinherited, if 
remedy were not provided in this behalf: and for fo much by 
the advice and aflent of the faid lords ? and at the fpecial requeft 

of 



1430*] Anno nono Hsnrici VI. 157 

of the laid commons; it is ordained by authority of the faid _ m 

Erliament, to prorogue all manner of affifes and Nsfi prim be- Pforogatioifc 
re prefixed, till certain days by the chancellor of England for 
the time being after the third day of March % the faid ix. yeaif 
to be limited. And the days fo by the faid chancellor to be li- 
mited, have relation in law to the days of affifes and Nifi prists 
then fo prefixed, in fuch wife, that by this prorogation the fame 
affifes and Niftprius, (hall not be holden nor reputed nonfued, 
nordifcontinued. And that in every of the faid counties procla- 
mations be made by the (heriffs fifteen days before the faid days, 
fo by the chancellor to be limited, to the intent that the plain- 
tiffs and defendants, and all other, which have to do in the faid 
affifes and Nijiprius, may keep their days to be limited in the 
feme proclamations fo to be made. ' Which proclamations (hall 
have the effect and fqrce of attachments, without that that it 
behoveth to make any new attachments for the fame. 

CAP. II. 
Englifh merchants may fell their merchandise to aliens \ giv- 
ing them only fix months credit \ notwithstanding the ft a- 
tute of 8 Hen. 6. c. 24. 

ITEM, whereas in the parliament holden at Weftmnfier the 
eighth year of our fovereign lord the Kin<r, amongft other 
articles it is contained, to efchew the great lofs and damage, 
which divers perfons of this realm have had, and were likely 
to have for the loans made of their merchandife to merchants 
aliens, which have fled away with the fame, and daily take 
fan&uaries : it was ordained, that no Englifbman (hould fell nor 
caufe to be fold from henceforth to arty merchant alien, any 
manner of merchandife but only for ready payment of money 
or otherwife in merchandife for merchandife, to be paid and 
contented in hand, upon pain of forfeiture of the fame : be- 
caufe of which ordinance the Englijh merchants have not fold, 
nor cannot fell nor utter their cloths to merchants aliens, 
whereby the Kin^hath loft his fubfidies and cuftoms, which he 
ought to have had, if the faid cloths had been fold as they 
were and were wont heretofore : and Englijh merchants, cloth- 
workers, and other the King's liege people in divers parts of his 
realm annoyed and endamaged : whereupon at the fupplication 
of the (aid commons, and by the advice and aflent aforefaid, it 
is ordained that the Englifh merchants may fell their cloths to Cloths fold for 
merchants aliens for ready payment in money or otherwife in daystoftran- 
merchandife for merchandife, to be paid and contented in hand, &**+ 
or upon loan of payment to be made in money or merchandife 
from fix months to fix months next enfuing after fuch buyings 
and bargains made without giving thereof further days of pay- 
ment, upon pain of forfeiture of the fame : notwithftanding 
the (aid ordinance. And this ordinance (hall endure as long as 
(hall pleafe the King. Provided always that all other articles 
contained in the faid ordinance, made in the faid eighth year, 
(ball (land in their force. 

CAP. 



158 Anno nono Henrici VT. ['43*. 

CAP. III. 
The proceeding* againft Owen Glendour, attainted ofbig& 
treafon, fball ftattd gocd, notwitbftanding an} error * mf* 
prifion, &V. but Jhdll not prejudice bis heirs. 

Often Glen- TTEM, confident^ the great indirections, rebellions,' and 
dour. Mi' horrible trcafons imagined and' committed by Owen Gkndouf 

of Wales, againft the royaFmajefty of King Henry'; gfandfirthef 
of bur fovereign lord the *Eing that now is, whereof he was in- 
dicted (as it appeareth in an indictment made before Thomas late' 
earl of Arundel; John iSttriej, mAThotrtas Lee, by the commit 
fion of the faid grandfather to inquire with other, of all man- 
ner of treafons, infurrections, and enemies' of the fame King: 
the grandfather, as in the faid commifflon i^ more fully con- 
tained :) and thereupon the faid indictment of high and hei- 
nous treafons brought into the Ring's bench at Weftminjier, 
and procefe thereof made* till the fame Owen after prodama* 
tion made in five counties, was outlawed, and after in the full 
parliament 'holden at Wejlininft'er, the fourth year of the fame 
King the grandfather, was called and named of record traitor 
to the faid King the grandfather, as well by ftatute as by the let- 
ters patents oof the faid King the grandfather : and for' the hoN 
ribility of his fa many treafons, it was ordained by ftatutc in the- 
fame parliament that no Englijb man married to any Wtkb wo-* 
man of the amity and ahance of the faid Owe*; traitor -to the : 
King, (hould be put in office in Wales, nor in the inarches: 
aadalfo confidering how the faid Owen and his adherent* were 
excepted in many general graces and pardons granted by the 
faid King.the grandfather to his liege people at dfvers times, 
becaufe. of the infurrections, rebellions, and horrible treafons J 
aforefaid, for the weal of all the realm, and for the reprelRon of J 
all fuchhorriMe treafons from henceforth to be compafled, of 
the afient of the lords and commons aforefaid : it is ordained : 
and ftablifhed, by the authority of this prefent parliament, That 
aH manner of indictments, inquifitions, procefles, records, 
judgments, ordinances, and ftatutes made and expreflcd, ta- 
ken, had** purfued, or declared againft the faid Owen, be af- 
fifmed, authorifed, and ftablifhed for law by authority of this - 
pmfent parliament, and by the fame authority (hall be effectual 
and fufficient iathe law for co bind and conclude for ever, all 
that be heirs or of the blood of the faid Owen, notwithftundihg : 
- any default or mifprifion had in this party, or any error in writ- 
ing, or in leaving out of the name or place, or the indorsement ' 
of the faid commiflion, or of negligence adding or leaving out - 
more or lefs than behoveth, or any other default in the faid in- 
dictments, inquifitions, records, or judgments notwithftand- 
ing, fo that this prefent ordinance be not prejudicial to any of 
the heirs or of the blood of the faid Owen, as to any lands in tail. 

CAP. 



Anno none Henrici VI. 

CAP; IV. 
idcntitate nominis maintainable by executors, &c. 

M pur ceo qe avaunt 
heurcs' diverfes utlaga-: 
t eftc pronupciez en di- 
$ lieges du ftoi fibien 
: leftatut d additions fait 
lah primer le Roi 



*59 



5- c- $• 



m 

juint pier a noftre feijs- 
loi qoreft come depute 
des queles utlagariesles 
lutres gentz ciantz au- 
femblables nouns come 
feurent utlagez en fait 
ount efte pnfez Sr em- 
i & lours biens & cha- 
ir celle caufe par lefche- 
jftre dit feignur le Roi 
>blts progenitours feiiez 
rien qe par le commune 
oialme brief de Idcmp- 
ominis ad eftee main- 
pur mefme la perfone 
a fourme fiiifdite fiiift 
& greve nepurquant fi 
pertone des. ditz lieges 
mblable noun .come af- 
tre perfone de mefmez 
es qen fait fuift utlage 
Vies executours & mo- 
nit avient qe par malice 
xy magi nations les biens 
cux de tiel teftatour qe 
efme Ie.noun come ce- 
uift utlage en fait avoit 
feifez & efchetez es 
loftre dit feignur le Roi 
s ditz progenitours en 
:ion del execution del 
nt de checun tiel tefta- 
r le doute qad eftee de 
afcuos executours pur-, 
ar la cQmmune.ley avoir 



3. e.a 
407- 



ITEM, For that before this t H 
time many outlawries have 
been pronounced againjl divers of 
the Kings liege people, as well be* 
fore thejlatute of additions made 
at Weftminfter the ffrft year of 
King Henry the Fifth, father to 
our lord the King that now is, as 
fjthence, in refpefl of which ouU 
lawrieSj the bodies of other per* 
fons having fucb and like names 
as they, had which were outlawed 
indeed, have been taken and im- 
prijbned, and their goods and chat- 
tels for fbis caufe jejfed by the ef- 
cheaters of the King and of Mis 
noble progenitors: (2) And al- 37 ^ : 
though that by the common law of^^ % 4 
the realm a writ of Idemptitate 
nominis hath been maintainable 
for the. fame perfon, which in the 
form aforefaid was mole/led and 
grieved ; neverthelefs if any per- 
fon efthffaid lieges, having . lib 
name as any . other perfon of. the 
fame liege people which was out- 
lawed in deed, had made his exe^ 
actors, an4d$ed> often it happened* 
that by malice and/ubtil imagina-* 
tions the goods and chattels of fucb 
tejlator, which bad the fame name 
as . he bad which was outlawed in 
deed,. were feifed and efcheatedto. 
the hands of our lord the King and. 
of his progenitors, in retardation 
of the execution .of the teftament 
of every fuch tejlator, for the 
doubt, which hath been, whether 
any executors may by the common, 
law haye a writ ^f Idemptitate 
nominis, or not. (3) Where- An Idempti 



fore to take away and remove tat * nonuri" 
-- - - ■ '■ - - mamtainabu 



C Idemptitate nominis 

n. Sur.quoy pur toller all fuch ambiguities and doubts ™ a {™c«cu 

* — *~ *:-i„ j — *_ j n ^5 ca f c hereafter, of the af- tor* of a teft; 

iiguites en celt cas en fent and advice aforefaid, . and tor wrongfa 

d aflfcnt & advis fuifditz at the fpecpl requeft of the laid ] y moletted t 

commons, it is oriained and^;ff % an 

efta.bli(hed w by. authority of fthift 

par- 



over toutz ticlx doutes. 
iguites en ceft cas en 
iaflent & advis fuifditz 
efpecial requeft des ditz 
iaesordeipez eft & eftab- 
lea 



i6q 



Anno nono Menrici VL t f 43°* 

That a writ of lez par auftorite de ccft parle- 



RcgifE. 194. 



parliament, mat a 
Idtmptitate nominis be granted 
and made good and maintain- 
able for the executors of every 
teftator, to the fame effect that 
the fame a&ion of Idemptitate 
nominis was maintainable be- 
fore this parliament for any 
.perfon himfelf which was or 
might have been molefted or 
grieved becaufe or by colour of 
.any Aich outlawry. (±) And 
that this Ordinance (hall have 
relation and force, by authority 
aforefaid, for the executors of 
every teftator, as well of every 
outlawry pronounced againft 
any perfon at any time before 
this parliament, as of all man- 
ner of outlawries to be pro- 
nounced againft any perfon in 
time to come. 



ment qe brief de Idemptitate 
nominis foit & poet eftre 
grauntc & done bone & main* 
tenable pur les executours de 
chefcun teftatour auxibien & 
de mefme leffeft come la ditc 
action de Idemptitate nominis 
fiiift maintenable devaunt ceft 
parlement pur afcune perfone 
mefme qi fuift ou purroit avoir 
efte molefte ou greve par caufe 
ou colour dafcune ticl utlagarie. 
Et qe cefte oidenaunce ait rela- 
tion & force par lauftorite fuif- 
dite pur executours de chefcun 
teftatour fibien de chefcune ut- 
lagarie pronuncie en afcun per- 
fone a afcun temps devaunt ccft 
parlement come de toutz ma- 
ners dutlagaries pronunciez en 
afcun perfone en temps avenir. 



CAP. V. 

All men /ball have free paffage in Severn with goods, 
chattels \ &c. 

IH.kc.a7. "f TEM, becaufe the river of TTEMpurtantqelaryverde 

"A Severne eft commune * 
toutz les leiges du Roi de carief 
& recarier oeinz Ic ftreme du 
dit ryver a Briftuyt Glouceftre 
& Worceftre & autres lieux au 
dit river adjoynantz toutz ma- 
ners des mercnandifes & autres 
biens & chateux fibien en 
trowes &batelx come en flotes 
autrement appellez dragges en 
chefcun partie adjoynant au 
dit river deinz quell river di- 
vers Galeis & autres perfone* 
demurantez en divers lieux ad- 
joynantz au dit river ount ore 
tarde afiembles en graunde 
noumbre arraiez en faire de 
guerre & pris tielx fiotus au- 
trement appellez dragges & eux 
ount trenchez en peces ic ove 
force & armes batuz lez gentz 
queux feurent en tielx flotus a 
lentent quils lowerent des ditz 
galeys & atitres perfones pur 
graunde 



ITEM, becaufe the river of 
Severn, is common to all the 
King's liege people, to carry and. 
recarry within the fir earn of the 
fold river ^ to Briftol, Gloucefter, 
and Worcefter, and other places 
joining to tbefaid river, all man-' 
ner ofmerchandifes and other goods 
and chattels, as well in trowes and 
boats, as in flotes contmonly called 
Drags, in every part joining to the 
fald river ; (3) within which n- 
ver many WeUhmcn and other 
perfons dwelling in divers places 
joining to thefaid river, have new 
late ajfembled in great number, 
arrayed in manner of war \ and 
taken fuch flotes, otherwife called 
drags, and them have hewed in 
pieces, and with force and arms 
beaten the people which were in 
fuch drags, to the intent that they 
(bculd hire of thefaid Welfhmen 
and other perfons, for great fums 
ofmoney % boats, and other veffels 



] 



Annonono H&nrici VI. 



161 



for carriage of fitch merchdndifei* 
and other goods and chattels* to an 
evil example and great vnpoveri/b- 
ment of the faid liege people* if 
remedy be not hafttly provided \ 
(3) it is ordained by authority . . r 

of this parliament thai : the $£&* 
laid liege people of the King hindred of 
may hayc and enjoy their free their free paf. 
panage in the faid river with {*p *"*** 
flot« and drags, and all man- ^S 
ner of merchandises, and other the river of 
goods and chattels, at their Severn, 
will, without difturbance of 
any; (4) and if any be disturb- 
ed of his free paflage in the faid • 
river, the party grieved (hall 
have his action according to the 19 H. 7. c. i«v 
courfc of the common law* *s **• *• c - *»« 



ie fumrtie de moneye ba- 
c autres veflelx pur ca- 
les tielx merchandifes & 

biens & chateux a mal- 
ilample & graunde em- 
ffinent des ditz lieges 
foient haftiment reme- 

Si eft ordinex par auc- 
de ceft parlement qe les 
eges du Roi purront a- 
k enjoier lour frank paf- 
n le dit river ove flotus & 
a & toutz maners des 
indifes & autres biens 
teux a lour volunte faunz 
rbaunce denully. Etfi 

foit deftourbe de fon 
paflage en le dit river ait 
:ie ereve fa a&ion folonc 
rs de la commune ley. 

CAP. VI. 

vrgeffes of Dorchefter Jhall have their weighing by 

twelve miles about* &c. 
EM ordeignez eft & af- TTEM it is ordained and a£ 
ituz qe par force del ef- JL fented, That by force of the 
ait en le darrein parte- ftatute made in the laft parlia- 
des poifes accordantz a ment, of weights according to 
lard de lefcheker a eftre* the ftandard of the exchequer 
en chefcune citee burgh to be had in every city, bo- 
le deinz le roialme ne rough, and town within the 
les burgies del burg de 
eftre deftourbez de lour 
le ufer lour poifures par 
uges environ mefme le 

ufantz toutz foitz tielx 

come en le dit eftatut 
sxprimez et qe null droit 
e de poifure foit accrue 
ly par force de mefme le 
1 eftatut en deftour- 
5 del droit des burgies 
irgh de Dorcheftre de- 



realm, the burgefles of the bo- 
rough of Dorchefter (hall not be 
difturbed of their right, to ufe 
their weighing by twelve miles 
round the fame borough, ufing 
always fuch weights as in the 
faid ftatute be expreffed; (2) and 
that no right nor title of weigh- 
ing grow to any by force of the 
fame laft ftatute, in difturbance 
of the right of the faid burgef- 
fes of the faid borough of Dor- 
chefter. 



By the ftatute 
S H. 6. c. c. 
the burgetiet 
of Dorchefter 
/hall not be 
diiturbed to 
ufe their 
weighing by 
1 2 miles a- 
bout the 
fame. 



CAP. VII. 

riff* &c. of the county of Hereford Jhall extort money* 
or do wrong in his turn* by colour of his office. 

M, for the great mffchiefs and importable oppreflion 3 Ex ^ 
ly done to the King's liege people within the county of R a ft a L ' 
..HI. M Hereford ShcrtiTt 



turn 



\6z AftnononaHENRici VI. [hS*** 

Hertford^ by encroachments and extortions done by the (heriffs 
of the faid county for the time being, late begun and wrong- 
fully continued, becaufe that the (heriffs in their turns and other 
places after their turns holden and ended, in which other 
places they have no power nor authority by their office to take 
any inquiry or inqueft, do take divers inquiries, inqueft of 
office and indictments of labourers, artificers, and other divers 
things ordained by ftatute to be inquired before the jufticcs and 
coenmiffioners of the peace, whereas in no manner they per- 
tain to be inquired by fuch (heriffs in their turns, nor other- 
wife, nor in other places before them : And which (heriffs by 
force of fach inquiries inquefts of office and indidments un- 
duly and unlawfully taken before them in their turns and elfe- 
where, and for the not coming of the faid liege people to the 
faid turns, the faid (heriffs do wrongfully take to their own ufe 
of divers of the famy liege people, fine* and amerciaments of x. 
li. and other great fums, inoppreflion, undoing, and dtftjFU&ioa 
of many poor people of the faid lieges, if hafty remedy be not 
Ccwnty of provided in this part : In confederation of which mifchief it is 
HeieforcL ordained by authority of this parliament, that no fhcriff nor 
under fherifF of th# (aid county from henceforth, by colour of 
his office, (hall take any inquiry, indictment, or inqueft of of- 
fice in his turn, which ought not by the law to be taken in hi& 
turn, nor that he by colour of his faid office take any inquiry, 
inqueft of office, or indi&ment in any other place, after the (mF 
turn holden, and ended, nor that he take or any of the King's 
liege people any fines or amerciaments, for any thine or caufe 
that per&ineth not to his turn or office, nor no fucn heinous 
nor grievous amerciament of any of the faid lieges, againft rea- 
fon, for not coming to the faid tuh), or to another place, or for 
ether caufe by colour of his find office, upon pain of xl. K. by 
him to be paid to our (bvereign lord the King his heirs and fuc- 
ceflbrs, as oftentimes as fuch (heriff or under fherifF thereof or 
of any article of the fame be duly convilt at the Cuit of the King 
or of the party grieved, which mall fuc as well for the King as 
for himfelf. And that the plaintiff in fuch cafe have the half of 
the faid fum, together with his double damages to his own ufe. 
And that the party in this cafe grieved have power by the fame 
authority, to fue in this party againft fuch (heriffs and under 
Iheriffs, as well for the King as forhimfelf as before is faid. 
And that the jufticcs of peace of the fame county for the time 
being, have power and authority to inquire, hear, and deter- 
mine, fuch mifprifions and offences, as well at the King's fuit 
si H. 6. c. 7. as at tne party's, which will fue for the King and for himfelf. 
' And this ordinance (hall endure by iii. years next coming. 

CAP. VIII. 

Tbe weight of a wey of cbeefe. 

8 H. 6, c T TE M, IVhereas it hath been TTEM come il ad efle daun- 
*** JL of eld times occuftmtd in ell X cien temps accuflumez ea 

■ the toutx 



i.] Jtano nono 

les countees dEngletcrrc 
; formagcs qe duflent cftre 
ix par la wcy ferroit poifee 
t aunccll ct pur ceo qe a 
rrcin parlemcnt tenuz- a 
oa' fuift ordeigne qe' les 
luncelles a caufe de la 
ide deceite dicciles fcr- 
: deftruitz & autre* poifcs 
iantz fcrroient celle partie 
mz et eft ainfi qe les po~ 
gentz du rakrime fount 
dement deceux par les 
loifes coucbant a caufe 
eient conifaunce combien 
vres le wey de fbrmage 
par les ditz poifee coch- 
. Et pur ceo au fin qe 
tz poverez gentz ne fer- 
: en celle partie deceux fi- 
lls ount eftee depuis le 
rrein parlement ordine eft 
t&orite de ceft parlement 
pois dun wey dun for- 
puifle tenir xxxij. cloves 
avoir chefcun clove vij. 
• les ditz poifes cochantz. 



Hemrici VI. 



m$ 



the counties of England, that 
all the cbeef es which ought to bo 
fold If tbi wey Jhould be weighed 
by the annul, and becaufe tint at 
the loft parliament holden at 
Weftminfter it was ordained* 
That the fend aunteh, in refpeGt 
°f the great deceit of the Jame, 
jhould he deftreyed, emd ether 
weights couching Jhould be in Ms 
behalf ordained ; and it is Jo, that 
the poor people of the realm be 
greatly deceived by the find weights 
couching, for that they know not 
bow many pounds the wey cfcheeft 
doth contain by the faid weights 
couching, (a) And *«*&!* a wev of 
to the intent that the laid poor cheefc <h*H' 
people (hall not be in this be- contain %% ' ■ 
hall deceived, as they haved°m* 
been fithence the faid laft par- 
liament, it is ordained by the 7 
authority of this parliament, 
That the weight of a wcy of 
cheefe may contain xxxik 
cloves, that is to fay^every 
clove viL li. by the faid weights 
laying. 

CAP. IX. 

hancellor of England may grant bis conmiflwn to cer- 
n perfons to fcour and amend the river Ley in the 
nties ofEBcx, Hertford, and Middlefex. 

EM, Whereas it was ordained by a ftatute made in the 
nc of King Edward the Third, the 25th year of his reign, wears, mills, 
all the wears, mills, ftanks, (lakes, piles, and kydels, &c 
\ were fet in the great rivers of England, in the time of the 
Edward fometime King of England, fort of Kinr Henry, » s Ed. 3. flat* 
iter, whereby (hips and boats be difturbed, that they can- 4- c. +. 
lis as they were wont to pafs, (hould be removed and pul- ' **. 5 c. *. 
9wn. And afterward in the parliament of Kins Henry, J £ lia ' t c ] J^ 
of our fovereign lord the King that now is, holden th$ 
tar of his reign, it was ordained, that as well the faid 
: made the faid xxv. year, as another ftatute made in the 
H the faid noble King Edward the Third, the xlv. year 
; reign, in all their articles (hall be firmly holden, and ob* 
I, joining to the fame, commiflions (hall be made to fuf- 
: perfons, to be juftices in every county of England, where 
1 be needful, to furvey and keep all the waters and great 
wkhin the realm, and to correct and «mend the defaults^ 
M 2 and 



i64 Anno nono Henrici VI. [1430* 

and to make due execution of the faid ftatutes according to their 
effedt, as well by their furveying* advifement, and difcretion, 
as by inquifitions within liberties and without, thereof to be 
taken when it (hall be needful, and all the premises to hear 
and determine. And notwithftanding all the (aid ftatutes, and 
many other ftatutes made for the confervation of the faid great 
rivers, there is fo great number of (hdfs within the river of 

River of Ley. j^y^ which is in the counties of Ejfex^ Hirtford and Middefcx, 
which runneth from the bridge of the town of Warty to the 
river of Thames^ which fhelfs be made and come, by force 
and courfe of the laid water of Ley, that (hips and boats may 
not pafs by the faid water of £gr, as they ought; becaufe that 
no power nor authority is given by any ftatute heretofore made, 
how nor in what manner the faid fhelfs may be removed, as 
by a petition delivered in this parliament by the commons of 
the fame it was fully declared: Whereupon by advice and 
aflent of the lords fpiritual and temporal, and alio at the requcft 

ChanceQorof of the faid commons, it is granted and ordained, That the 

England. chancellor of England for the time being, may affign certain 
• - fufficicnt commifiioners, which (hall have power by authority of 
this parliament, to remove and caft all the (aid fhelfs out of 
the (aid-river of Ley, upon the banks of the fame river, fo that 
any may be found, that will take upon him to do the fame, 
without excluding of any man's right. And in cafe any credit 
or (hift of any fums of -money be or might be made, to put 
out a^d amove the (aid fhelfs, that then the commiffioners of 
the faid river for the time being, by them and by their deputies, 
may by authority of the fame parliament, take and gather of 
every (hip and boat freighted, parting or coming in the faid 
river four pence, for the repayment of the faid credits made or 
to be made, and for the confervation of the faid river without 
fuch fhelfs, till the end of three years next following. 

CAP. X. 
A rebearfal and confirmation of the ftatute of 3 Hen. V. 
cap. 2. authorizing certain abbots and other religious per- 
fons to make their attornies. 

ITEM, whereas in the parliament holden at TVeftminfier % 
the xv. day of March the third year of the reign of King 
Henry the Fifth, a ftatute was ordained in the form as follow- 
eth : Item, forafmuch as there be divers abbots, priors, where- 
of feme be of the King's foundation, and fome of the foun- 
dation of other lords, dwelling as well within the county of 
Yorky as in the county of Laucajler, whereof fome have pofTef- 
fions within the wapentakes of Stainecliffe wapentake, and 
friendles wapentake in Craven in the faid county of York, and 
and fome not, againft whom divers perfons daily by abettment 
and procurement of the bailiffs approvers of the courts of the 
faid wapentakes, and of the ftewards that hold pleas in the 
faid courts, and of fermours of the profits and revenues of the 

faid 



f 430.] Anno nono Henrici VI. i6f 

faid courts, do feign and procure by them and other of their 
covin and affent, divers plaints and pleas of debt and trefpafs, 
and other divers pleas in the courts of the faid wapentakes* 
And when the fame abbots and priors come to the faid courts 
to defend them of fuch wrongful plaints and pleas, and pray 
and profer to the ftewards and bailiffs of the faid courts tp 
make their attornies in fuch pleas, the faid ftewards and 
bailiffs the fame refufe, and will not receive fuch attornies 
of fuch abbots and priors, in any plea of debt or trefpafs, 
nor in any other plea. And moreover the fame ftewards and 
bailiffs of their own authority do amerce the -faid abbots 
and priors, at the firft time for every of the faid plaints ten 
Shillings or twenty (hillings, or more at their will, to the great 
damage and hindrance of the faid abbots and priors, and againft 
reafon and the common law of the land. The King hath or~ 
dained in remedy of the faid grievances, that all fuch abbots 
and priors and their fucceflbrs and every of them, fo vexed 
in the faid courts, may make their attornies or attorney general, Attorney, 
that is to fay, every of them under the common feal of his 
fcoufe, to gain and lofe in every plea of debt and trefpafs, and 
other plea moved or to be moved in the faid courts, and in all 
other courts within the faid wapentakes. And that the ftewards 
and bailiffs of the laid courts receive the faid attornies fo made 
and named without any contradiction. And if the fame ftew- 
ards or bailiffs refufe to receive any fuch attornies, fo made 
and named, or to be made and named, that then the faid 
ftewards and bailiffs at every time of fuch refufal of fuch at- 
tornies, (hall forfeit and incur the pain of x. li. to the King, 
And that the faid abbots and priors or their fucceflbrs in the 
(aid counties nor in any of them, (hall be amerced for any 
nonfuit or default in none other manner than fecular perfons. 
And that this ordinance ftand in his force for all the year next 
coming, and till the parliament the fame year next enfuing : 
After the determination of which ftatute, ciecaufe that it was 
not ordained to endure but for a certain time now determined 
and paft, the mifchiefs and grievances aforefaid do remain yet 
not remedied, and daily abound and increafe more than ever 
they did, and moreover the faid ftewards and bailiffs will now 
receive none other plea nor anfwer of the faid abbots and priors 
in the faid courts, but only to wage their law, to the intent 
that they ought of neceffity to appear before them in their 
proper perfons, to their great vexation and grievances : Where- 
fore the faid mifchiefs and grievances confidered, for the com- 
fort and relief of the faid abbots and priors, and of other re- 
ligious perfons aforefaid, by the advice and affent of the faid 
fords fpiritual and temporal, and alfo at the fpecial requeft of 
the faid commons, it is ordained, That the faid ftatute, made 
the faid third year, be holden and. obferved as good and effec- 
tual, as long as it (hall pleafe the King. 

M3 CAP, 



i66 



Aftno nono Henrici VI, 



[1430- 



CAP. XI. 

Proclamations before a writ be awarded to the bifhop to 
certify baftardy. 

ITEM come par une Ap- 
plication bailie en ceft par- 
lement par les communes di- 
cell eftoit declarez par Mar- 
garcte duchefie de Clarence 
Johan duchefle dEverwj^t foen 
& entre autres heirs a Ed- 
mond nadgairs count de Kent 
Richard due dEverwyk Ri- 
chard count de Sarifbirs k 
Alece fa femme Rauf count de 
Weft mcrland John fire de Tip- 
toft & de Powys & Joiufe fa 
fipmme & Henri Gray cofons 
U autres des heirs du dit Ed- 
mond nadgairs count fkome 
en mefme la fupplication eft 
fuppofez ceftaffavoir le dit duk 
fitz a Anne file a Alianore une 
autre des foers du dit Edmond 
le dite Aleyfe file a Alianore 
une autre foer du dit Edmond 
le dit Rauf fits a Elizabeth une 
autre foer du dit Edmond la 
dite Joiufe file dite Alianore 
mere a Anne & le dit Henri 
Grey fitz a Johanne file a mef- 
me la Alianore qe la ou Alia- 
nore femme a James fire dAu- 
deley pretendant appellant & 
affirmant luv mefme file tt 
heir au dit Edmond nadgairs 
count de Kent & engendre & 
nee en efpoufelx pretemez euez 
parentre luy & Cuftance nad- 
gairs femme a Thomas fire 
Defpenfer la ou par la dit fup- 
plication eft fuppofe qe la dite 
Alianore femme au dit James 
eft baftard & jaifttmes-nulles 
efpoufelx fuerent en fait euez 
ou fblempnifez parentre les 
ditz Edmond & Cuftaunce mes 
qe le dit Edmond par lordi- 
naunce volunte & agreement 
du Roi Henri le quart aiel not- 
* tre 



ITEM, whereas by <kfuppli-> 
cation delivered in thisprefent 
parliament by the commons of the 
fpne, it was declared by Mxr- 
gzretduebefs 0/*Clarence, Johan 
dutcbefs of York, fillers, and a- 
mongfl other heirs to Edmond earl 
of Kent, Richard duke of York, 
•Richard earl of Sali(bury, and 
Alice his wife, Ralph earl of 
Weftmorlan^, John lord of 
TyptohandofTowys, and Joyce 
bis wife, andHenry Gray, mftns, 
and other of the heirs oftbeJai/Ed- 
mond late early as in the fame fup- 
plication is fuppofed ; that is to 
Jay, the find duke* fin to Anne 
daughter of Alianour, another 
ef the ftfters ofthefaidEimondi 
the faid Alice, daughter to Alia- 
nour another fifiet of the [aid 
Edmond; the faid Ralph, 
fin to Elizabeth another fifter 
of the faid Edmond; the faid 
Joyce, daughter to the fame 
Alianour mother of Anne ; and 
the faid Henry Gray, fin to 
Johan daughter, of the fame 
Alianour :• (2) That whereas 
Alianour, wife to James lord 
Audley, pretending, calling, and 
affirming herfelf daughter and 
heir tp the faid Edmond late 
earl of Kent, and begotten and 
born in marriage pretenfid, had 
betwixt him and Conftance late 
wife of Thomas lord Defpenfer, 
where by the faid fupplication it 
is fuppofid, that the faid Alia- 
nour, wife to the faid James, is 
bafiard, and never was any mar- 
riage made, had, nor filtmnized 
betwixt the faid Edmond and 
Conftance, (3) but the find 
Edmond {by the ordinance, will, 
and agreement of King Henry , 

the ' 



,tre feignur It Roi quoreft de- 
puis graunde notable & longe 
ambaSiatt euz & enjoiez a 1c 
duke de Mdayne pur manage 
a cftre euez parentre le dit Ed- 
mond & Luce foer an dit duk 
de Melayne ©rift a femme & 
oyertement « Jbkmpneotyent 
efpoufa la dite Luce a Loun- 
dres vivant ceil temps la dite 
Cuftaunce & illoeques efteant 
prefent nient clamant le dit 
Edmond a fon baron ne afcun 
dower de fes terrez puis fon* 
decefie les queux efpoufilles pa- 
rentre le dit Edmond & Luce 
end euz & folempnifez conti- 
nuerent faunz afcun interrup- 
tion du dite Cuftaunce ou daf- 
cun autre durant la vie du dit 
Edmond ficome divers fieg- 
nurs & autres credibies & no- 
tables perfones du dit roiakae 
ount bien en lour mcmorie et 
coment puis la decefie du dit 
Edmond lavaundite Luce fuift 
endowe de fes terres come fa 
loyall femme continuant en fon 
«ftate peifiblement par tout fa 
vie. 

Nientmeins la dite Alianore 
femme James fur graunde fub- 
tilite procefie ymagine privc la- 
•bour & autres menes & voies 
colonies a lentent qeledeveroit 
cftre certifies muliere par af- 
cun ordinarie en cas qe bafiar- 
die ferroit akgge en fa perfone 
ad porte a ceo qeft dk en ex- 
amination devauntcertcinsjug- 
^es en courts chriftien & efpi- 
ritud nient enfourmez ne aiantz 
conifaunce du dit fubtilite pre- 
cede ymagine prive labour co- 
jourez mefees & voies cer- 
teins fubomatx proves & per- 
{oncs de fa aflent & covine de- 
poufantz pur ek come en ef- 
poufclx euez & folempnifez pa- 
rentre les ditz Edmond & Cu- 
Aaunce & la dite A&nort fem- 
me 



Aw» none Henrici VI. 

the Fourth, grandfather to our 
lord the King that now is, after 
great , notable, and long ambajjhge 
had andfent to the duke of Mil- 
lain, for a marriage to be had be* 
twixt the foid Edmond andhuct, 
fifter to the faid duke of Mil- 
lain) did take to wife, and open- 
ly and fclemnly married the faid 
lAXCtat London ; the faid Con- 
ftance then living, and being 
then prefent, net claiming the 
faid Edmond to her hujband, 
nor any dower of his lands after his 
deteafe\ (4) which marriage be- 
twixt the faid Edmond and Luoe 
fo had and folemnized, continued 
without any interruption 6f the 
faid Conftance, or of am other, 
during the life of the faid Ed- 
mond, as divers lords and other 
credible and notable perfons of the 
fad realm do well remember; and 
how after the deceafi of the fail 



i€ 7 



Edmond, the faid Luce was en- 
dowed of Us lands as his lawful 
wife, continuing thereof her if- 
late peaceably all her life. 

IL Nevertbdefs the faid Al\z- A feeret prac- 
nour, the wife of James, upon tice to prove 
great fubtilty, proofs imagined, ™ M? 1 )'* \* 
frivy W* Zi 'other %u£s *#— 
and coloured ways, to the intent * tpfUrf. 
thatjbe ought to be certified Mu- 
l\tr by fome ordinary, in cafe that 
bajlardy Jhould be alfedged in her 
perfon, hath brought (as it /> 
faid) in examination before cer- 
tain judges in the fpiritual court, 
not informed, nor having know- 
ledge of the faid fubtHty, imagined 
procefs, privy labour, and colour- 
ed ways, certain fobomed proofs 
and perfons of her ajfent and covin, 
depofing for her, that the faid 
Alianour, the wife of James, 
was begotten within marriage, 
had and filemnized betwixt the 
fend Edmond and Conftance ; 
the faid dutchefs, the duke ef 
York, andearlofSdtibury, and 
M 4 Alices 



l68 



Anno nono Henrici VI. 



t'4*>. 



A practice to 
prove one 
Mi 



Alice, earl of Wcftmorland, 
John the lord of Typtoft, Joyce 
and Henry, nor any of them 
thereof warned, nor knowing until 
long time after the deposition fo 
made, whereof the faid fuppliants 
do fear them to be grieved and 
impeached of ^heir inheritance had 
by the faid Edmond, by another 
Jubtihy and labour in the tempered 
law, to be praflifed and wrought 
by the faid hrd of Audley and A- 
lianour his wife; (2) as if they 
will commence any aftion againji 
any perfons of their own affent 
and covin, or otherwife will caufe 
fuch perfons offuch affent ami 
covin to purfue an aQionagainft 
them, as it is fuppofed thai they 
intend to do-, in which action, 



by the covin and affent afore/aid, 
common'ltw ^JUtrdyjugbj to be attedged ' 



lulierby the 



in 



who is indeed *** perfm of the faid Alianour, 
a baftant wife of James, and thereupon by 
the affent and covin an iffut is to 
be tahn, and a writ to befent to 
fonu ordinary (where it pleafe 
them, not advertifed of the faid 
' fubtilty, affent, and covin) to cer- 
tify if the faid Alianour, the 
wife of James, be Mulier or 
not, before which ordinary the 
fame Alianour, wife of James, 
will alledge and prove herfejf 
Mulier by thefaiddepo/itionsofwe 
faidfuborned witneffes ; ana then 
the party reputed as adverfary 
againft the lord of Audley andA- 
llanour his wife, in the /aid action 
' taken or to be taken by affent and 

covin aforefaid, will alledge no 
proof nor matter, nor make any 
defence before the faid ordinary 
againji the fame lord Audley and 
Alianour bis wife, but freffer the 
matter before the faid ordinary 
to proceed according to the mean- 
ing of the faid lord of Audley and 
Alianour his wife ; fo that it is 
very likely, that the fame ordinary 
%vill certify the faid Alianour, the 

wife 



me James pur eftre engendrez 
& neefc deaeins mefaies les ef- 
poofelx les ditz dachefle duke 
dEverwyt 00am kt Sarifbirs 
Aleifc cam de Wdhnerland 
John fire de Tiptoft Joiufe & 
Henri ne null deux ent nient 
garniz ne facbaotz tanqe par 
longe temps apres la dite de- 
poftrioo fiMtdotmt ks ditfc fup- 
ptanfz fc oOQtent eftre gicez 
& emp e fc he z de lour enheri- 
unnce euez par le dit Edmond 
par autre Asbtilite & labour en 
ley tempordl a eftre hboure & 
oevere par les ditz lire dAu- 
deley & Alianore fa femme 
ficome ils volotent prendre af- 
cun action envers afcunes per- 
fones de lour affent & covyne 
ou autrement faire afcuns per- 
fones de tiel affent & covyne 
preridre une action envers eux 
ficome il eft fuppofe qils lour 
ordignent a ceo faire en la quell 
action par les affent & covyne 
fuifditz baftardie deut eftre al- 
leege en la perfone du dite 
Alianore femme James et fur 
ceo par affent & covyne iffue 
eftre pris & un brief deftre cn- 
voie a afcun ordinarie ou lour 
plerroit nient advertife des ditz 
fubtilite affent & covyne pur 
certefier fi la dite Alianore fem- 
me James fuift muliere ou ne- 
mye devaunt quell ordinarie 
mefme la Alianore femme 

; fames voet alegger de prover 
uy mefmes muliere par la dite 
depofition des ditz fubornatz 
provez H adonqes la partie eu 
come adverfarie envers les dits 
fire dAudeley & Alianore fa 
femme en la dit altion pris ou 
apprendre par affent & covyne' 
fuifditz ne veulle null prove 
ne matier alegger ne defence 
fair devaunt le dit ordinarie en- 
vers mefmes les fire dAudeley 
& Alianore fa femme mes la 
Aiffrsr 



>.] Anno nono Henrici VI. 

ar la matier devaunt lc dit wife of James, Mulicr; (3) 

which certificate fo bad and 



169 



larie proceder folonc len- 
des ditz fire dAudeley & 
tore fa femme parenn qe 
mnblable eft qe mefme lor- 
■ie verroit certifier la dite 
lore femme James muliere 
idle certificat HDnt eu & 
leuflbit par la ley dEngle- 
difheriter lesditz duchefle 
dEverwyk count de Sa- 
s Aleyfe count de Weft- 
' John fire de Tiptoft Joi- 
k Henri & lour iflue pur 
; jours de lender enheri- 
:e avauntdit. Sur qy les 
iffes tendierment confide- 
c pur eviter tielx fubtielx 
ritaunces fibien en le dit 
ome en autres cafes fern* 
es en temps avenir del 
& aflent des feignurs ef- 
idx & temporelx & auxi 
fpecial requeft des ditz 
nunes en ceft parlement 
iblez ordeinez eft & efta- 
par audorite de mefme la 
ment qe fi la dite Alia- 
femme James foit certifie 
ire en afcun court devaunt 
teures qe null maner de 
:ertificat pardevaunt fait 
la dite Alianore femme 
s mette a afcun prejudice 
ndamage ne conclude af- 
>erfone ou perfones forfqe 

& fes heirs qi fuift fait 
j a la plee et qe defore en- 
it toutz juges de ou en les 
z la ou afcun plee eft ou 
pendant pris on moeve 
leux plees enfi faitz pen- 
; pris ou moevez baftardie 
m ferra allegge envers 

perfone partie a mefme 
re & fur ceo iflue joinee 
joyner le quell par la ley 

eftre certifie par lordi- 

qe lez juges ou un juge 

2 en les courtz ou Je dit 

rft ou ferra pendant pris 

•ou 



ought by the law of England to 
di/berit the find ducheffes, duke of 
York, *zr?0fSalifbury, earl of 
Weftmorland, .. John lord of 
Typtaft, Alice, Joyce, and 
Henry, and their iffiu for fver 9 
of the whole inheritance aforefaid. 

(4) Whereupon the premiffes 
tenderly considered, and to ef- 
chew fuch fubtil difherifons, as 
well in the faid cafe, as in other 
cafes like in time to come, by 
the advice and aflent of all the 
lords fpiritual and temporal, and 
alfo at the fpecial requeft of the 
faid commons, in this parlia- 
ment afiemhled, it is ordainedy 
and eftablifhed by authority of 
this parliament, That if the faid 
Jlianoury the wife of James, be 
certified Mulier in any court 
before this time, that no man- 
ner of certificate heretofore 
made for the faid Alianour^ 
wife of James, fhall in any wife 
put to prejudice,' bind, en- 
damage, nor conclude any per-* 
fon or perfons, but him or hi$ 
heirs that was party to the plea. 

(5) And from henceforth all 
juftices of or in the courts 
where any plea is or fhall be 
depending, taken, or moved, 
in which plea, lb depending, 
taken, or moved, baftardy is 
or fhall be alledged againft any 
perfbn party to the fame plea, 
and thereupon an iflue joined, 
which by the law ought to be 
certified by the ordinary, that 
the judges, or one judge of or 
in the courts where the faid 
plea is or fhall be depending, 
taken, or moved, before the 
time that any writ of certifi- 
cate pafs out of the fame court 
to the ordinary, to certify upon 
iflue fo joined, or to be joined, 
fhall make remembrance under 

their 



170 



Anno nono Henrici VI. 



1>43°- 



their feals, or his feal, at the 
fait of the demandant or te- 
nant, plaintiff or defendant in 
the plea, in which the bkftardy 
is or (hall be alledged, reciting 
the iflue that is joined in the 
fame plea of baftardy, and cer- 
tifying to the chancellor of the 
Proclamation! K\ngo( England for the time be- 
before a writ ing, to the intent that thereupon 
awmrdedtotfae proclamation be made in the 
ce^ator- *d chancery by three months, 
4y 9 once m every month, that all 

perfons pretending any intereft 
to objeift againft the party 
which pretendeth hitnfelf to be 
Muiier y that they fue to the 
ordinary to whom the writ of 
certificate is or (hall be direct- 
ed, to make their allegations 
and objections againft the party 
which pretendeth himfetf" to be 
Jkfufor, as the law of holy 
church requireth ; (6) and the 
hid chancellor having notice 
of the faid remembrance and 
iflue joined, and being re- 
quired by the faid demandant 
or tenant, plaintiff or defendant 
having the faid remembrance, 
to make the faid proclamation 
as afore is faid, this fame chan- 
cellor for the time being (hall 
caufeto be made proclamation 
in the form afore&id ; (7) and 
the predamation to made (hail 
certfiy in the court where the Cud 
plea in which the baftardy is 
alledged another time (hall be 
depending. (6) And that the 
judges of or in the court where 
the fame plea is orfhafl be de- 
pending, taken, or moved, be- 
fore any proclamation fo to be 
made in the chancery, make 
one time fuch proclamation 
openly in the fame court, and 
alfo another time when the 

£ reclamation (hall be oertified 
y the chancellor of England, 
and made in the form above 
rehearfod; 



ou moeve devaunt le temps qe 
afcun brief de certificat pane 
hors de cell court al ordinarie 
pur certi$er fur liffue enfi joyne 
ou a joyner face une remem- 
brance defouth lour fealx on 
ion feal al fuyt le demaundant 
ou tenant pleintif ou defendant 
en le plee en quell baftaidieeft 
ou ferra allegge recitant liflue 

3 eft joyne en mefme le plee 
e baftardie & certifiant a le 
chaunceller du Roi dEngleterre 
pur le temps efteant.a lentent 

2 e fur ceo proclamation (bit 
lit en la dite chauncerie par 
trois moys un foitz en chefcun 
moys qe toutz les perfones qi 
pretendent afcun interefle pur 
objecter encountre la partie qe 
luy pretende deftre muliere qilt 
fueat al ordinarie a qi le brief 
de certificat eft ou ferra direct 
pur faiie lour allegeaunces & 
objections envers la partie qe 
luy pretende deftre muliere fi- 
come la ley de feint efelife re- 
quiert et le dit chaunceller riant 
notice del dit remembraunce k 
iflue joynee & requis par le dit 
-demaundant ou tenant pleintif 
ou defendant avauntditz aiant 
mefme la remembraunce de fair 
la dite proclamation come de- 
fuis eft dit mefme k chauncel- 
ler pur le temps efteant ferra 
fair proclamation en la fourme 
avauntdit & la proclamation 
enfi fait certificra en la court 
ou le dit plee en quell la baftar- 
die eft allegge alors ferra pen- 
dant. Etqe les juges de ou 
en la court ou le dit plee eft 
ou ferra pendant pris ou moeve 
devaunt afcun proclamation 
enfi affaire en la chauncerie fa- 
cent un foitz autiel proclama- 
tion overtement en- mefme la 
court & auxi autre foitz quant 
les proclamations ferront .cer- 
tifier par le chaunceller h en 

U 



1432.] Anno dccimo 

la fourme rebate faitz et adon- 
qes le dit ju^e agardera le dit 
brief de certificat al ordinarie 
pur certifier furliflue iffint joy- 
nee ou a joyner. Et fi alcun 
brief de certificat foit fait ou 
eraunte d^vaunt ceo qe toutz 
les ditz proclamations en la 
fourme devaunt reherce foient 
faitz & certifiez qe adonqes 
cell brief de certificat et le cer- 
tificat del ordinarie fur ceo 
faite ou affaire foit voide en 
Jey&denullefFeA. Etfiafcun 
brief deVaunt ceft temps foit 
dire<5t a afcun ordinarie pur 
certifier fi la dite Alianore fem- 
me James foit baftard ou ne- 
mve & a ceft temps nient cer- 
tine fil foit certifie enapres par 
vertu du dit brief qe mefme le 
certificat du dit ordinarie end 
&it foit voide & de null effeft. 



Henrici VI. 



*7* 



rehearfed ; (9) and then thefaid 
judge (hall award the faid writ 
of certificate tp the ordinary, 
to certify upon the iffue fo 
joined, or to be joined; (10.) 
and if any writ of certificate be 
made or granted, before that 
all the proclamations in the 
form aforefaid be made and 
certified, that then the faid 
writ of certificate, and the cer- 
tificate of the ordinary there- 
upon made or to be made, 
(hall be void in law, and of 
none effeft. (11) And if any 
writ before this time be di- 
rected to any ordinary, to cer- 
tify if the faid Alianowr, wife 
of James, be baftard or not, 
ana at this time not certified, 
if it be certified hereafter by 
virtue of the faid writ, that the 
fame certificate <rf the faid or- 
dinary fo made, be void and of Rait 29, 1059 
none effedt **»• 



Statutes made at Weftminfter,. Anno 10 Hen. VL 
and Anno Dom. 14.32. 



NOSTRE feignur le Roi 
a fon parlement tenuz a 
Weftm' le xije. jour de Maij 
Ian de fon regne diftne a lonour 
tie Dieu & pur le bien de luy 
& fon roialme & pur la tran- 
qilite & eafe de fon poeple de 
ladvis & afient des feignurs ef- 
pirituelx & temporelx & a la 
efpeciale requeft de s communes 
en mefme le parlement aflem 



OUR lord the King, at his 
parliament boUen at Weft* 
minfter the twelfth day of M*y y 
the tenth year of his reign* to the 
honour of God, and/or the weakh 
of him and bis ream, and for the 
tranquility and eafe of bis people, 
by the advice and ajfent of tie 
lords fpiritual and temporal, and 
at the fpecial requeft of the 



eom- 

t fnons In the fame" parliament of- 

blez ad fait ordeiner & eftabler femtied, hath caufed to be matted 
diverfes«ftatuitz&ordinaunces and eftablijbed divers ftatutes ami % 
en la fourme qenfuift. ordinances in the form following. 

CAP. I. 

R/cognifanccs taken before the mayor, &c. of Calais, fbaU 
be effectual in England. 

FIRST, whereas it is granted to the mayor and conftablei Ex edit: 
of the ftaple of Calais, by the charter ot the King's noble Pulton. 

progenitors. 



172 

Recognifances 
taken before 
the mayor of 
the ftaple of 
Calais Shall be 
effectual with- 
ia England. 



Anno dccimo Henrici VI. 



\U3*- 



progenitors, and by him confirmed, that they (hall have power 
to take and record all recognizances of debts before them made 
by any perfon, and therefore great doubts were, if the recog- 
nifances before the faid mayor and conftables made beyond the 
Tea, (hould be effectual and executory in all points within the 
realm of England, as the recognifances made before the mayor and 
conftables of the ftaple of Wefttmnfter be : (2) Our lord the 
•King willing in this cafe to take away all fuch doubts, by the 
advice and aflent of the lords fpiritual and temporal, and at the 
fpecial requeft of the faid commons, hath ordained by authority 
of the fame parliament, That all the recognifances of debts before 
the faid mayor and conftables of Calais, made or to be made 
by any perfons beyond the fea, (hall be as effectual and ex- 
ecutory, and of fuch force in all points within the realm, and 
in the fame form executory, as the faid recognifances made 
before the faid mayor and conftables of the ftaple of Weflminjler* 
or before any other mayors or conftables of the ftaple within 
the faid realm be. 

CAP. II. 
Certain things required in him who Jhall be a cboefer of the 
knights of the parliament. 



t H. 6. c. 7. TTEM, whereas at the parlia- 
JL mint holden at Weftminfter 
the marrow of St. Matthew the 
apo/lle, the eighth year of the 
King that now «, it was ordain- 
id by the authority of the fame 
-parliament, That the knights 
ofalbcounties within the realm of 
England, to he chofen to come 
to the parliaments hereafter to he 
holden, Jbould be chofen in every 
county by people dwelling and re- 
fiant in the fame, whereof every 
oni Jhall have freehold to the vaha 
of forty Jbilhngs by year at the 
Jeajlj above all charges, upon a 
certain pain contained in the 
fame flat ute ; (2) not malting ex- 
prefs mention in the fame, that 
every man that Jhall be choofer of 



ITEM come au parlement 
tenuz a Weftm' lendemain 
de feint Mattheu lappoftle Ian 
du regne noftre feignur le Roi 
oeptifme ordine eftoit & eftable 
par auctorite de mefme le par- 
lement qe les chivalers des 
toutz countees deins le roialme 
dEngleterre a efliers pur venir 
as parlementz en apres a tenirs 
foient eiluz en chefcun countee 
par gentz demurantz & re- 
feantz en icelles dount chefcun 
ait frank tenement a la value 
de xl. s. par an au meins outre 
les reprifes fur certein peine 
contenuz en mefme leftatuit 
nient feffant exprefle mention 
en icell qe chefcun qi ferroit 
eflifour dafcuns tielx chivalers 



any fuch knights Jhall have freehold averoit frank tenementz a la 
to the value of forty Jhillings at value de xl. s. au meins outre 



theleaft, above all charges* with- 
in the fame county where fuch 
ihoofer with other like Jhall make 
ftuh eleftion, or elfcwhcre: (1) 
And therefore our lord the 
King, willing to make plain 
declaration of the faid fta- 

tute 



les reprifez deins mefme le 
countee ou afcun tiel eflifour 
ovefqe autres femblables ferroit 
tiel election ou aillours. Et 
pur taunt noftre feignur le Roi 
voillant faire du dit eftatuft 
pleine declaration del advis & 
affent 



] 



Anno dccimo Henrici VI. 



fuifditz & a la requcft 
tes communes ad ordine 
i chivalers de toutz les 
ees deins le dit roialme a 

pur venir a les parle- 
& en apres a tenirs foient 
en chefcun countee par 
demurantz ic refeauntz 
dies dount chefcun ait 
tenement a la value de 
par an au mcins outre les 
ss deins mefme le countee 
cun tiel eflifour foi voet 
r dafcun tiel election. 



tutc, by the advice and aflent 
aforefaid, and at the fjpecial re- 
qucft of the faid commons, 
hath ordained, That the 
knights of all counties within 
the faid realm, to be chofen to 
come to parliaments hereafter 
to be holden, (hall be chofen 
in every county by people 
dwelling and refiant in the 
fame, whereof every man (hall 
have freehold to the value of 
xJ. s. by the year at the leaft y 
above all charges, within the 
fame county where any fuch 
choofer will meddle of any fuch 
eledion. 



173 

A choofer of 
the knights of 
the parlia- 
ment muft be 
refiant within 
the fame 
county, and 
hare freehold. 



z H.5. c,i* 



CAP. III. 

ter of requeft Jhall be granted by the keeper of the privy 
\l to any of the King's fubj efts, from whom goods Jhall be 
\en by the Jubjefts ^Denmark. 

£M pur ceo qe noftre 
griur le Roi a la grevoufe 
leint a luy fait en iceft 
nent par les communes 
1 roialme efteantz en icell 
fourme qe plufours de fes 
lieges fount graunde- 
empoverez anientez & en 
deftre deftruitzpar le Roi 
enmark & fez lieges qi 

del amiftee du Roi no- 
eienur a caufe qils prei- 
: de jour en autre de fez 
bialx lieges lour biens pa- 
: qils ount pris des mar- 
Uz dEverwyk & Kyng- 

fur Hull biens & mar- 
lifez a la value de v. £. 
jdeins un an & dautres 
: & marchaunts du roi- 
biens & chateux a la va~ 
exx. M.li* dount ils nount 
die du dit Roi de Den- 

ne de null autre a caufe 
nil de eux veigne deins le 
ne dEnzleterre ne riens 

en icell & qe les biens 

: prifez hors de mefme te 

roialme. 



I Tern, becaufe that our foDereign 
lord the 1* ing, at the grievous 
ccmplaint to him made in this par- 
liament by the commons of his realm 
^England being in this parlia- 
ment ', is informed^ That many of 
his faithful liege people be great" 
I] bnpoverijhed, undone, and 
%n point to be dejlroyed, by the 
King of Denmark and his lieges, 
which be of the amity of the King 
ourfoveretgn lord,b*caufe that they 
do doily take of his faid faithful Jub- . 
jefis their goods, fo tnat they have 
taken of merchants ofYoxY* and 
Kingfton upon Hull goods and 
merchandifes to the value of five 
thoufand pounds within a year, 
and of other lieges and merchants 
of the realm of England goods 
and chattels to the value of twen- 
ty thoufand pounds, whereof they 
have no remedy of the faid King of 
Denmark, nor of none other, 
forafmuch as none of them comet h 
within the realm of England, 
nor nothing have in the fame 
realm <?/ England, and that the 
goods 



174 



Anno decimo Henrici VI. 



t'43*. 



A letter of re- 
queft (hall be 

framed by the 
eeperof the 
privy feal, to 
any of the 
King's fub- 
jcfts from 
whom goods 
(hall betaken 
bythefubje&s 
of the King of 
Denmark. 



geods be taken out of the fame 
realm : the King willing to pro- 
vide remedy for his (aid liege 
people, hath ordained and e~ 
ftablifoed, That if the goods 
of any. of the faid his lieges be 
or (hall be taken by the faid 
King of Denmark, or any of 
his faid lieges, the keeper of the 
privy feal for thetimebeinglhall 
have power to make to the 
party grieved letters of requeft 
under the privy feal, without 
any other piirfuit to be made to 
any, for reftitution to be had 
of the goods fo taken and to 
be taken. And if reftitution 
be not made by fuch letters, 
the King our fovereign lord, 
by the advice of his council, 
(hall provide to the party griev- 
ed "his covenable remedy, ac- 
cording as the cafe requireth. 



roialme. Mefme noftre fei- 
gnur le Roi voillant a fe* dits 
lieges purvoier de remedie del 
advis & aflent fuifditz online 

Je fi les biens dafcuns de fez 
itz lieges foient ou ferront 
prifez par le dit Roi de Den- 
mark ou afcuns de fez ditz lie* 
ges ait le dit gardein du prive 
feal pur le temps efteant pohur 
de faire au. parti* greve lettres 
de requeft defoubz le prive 
feal faunz autre purfuite affaire 
a afcuny pur reftitution avoir 
des biens iflint prifez & ap- 
prendrez.Et fi reftitution nefoit 
fait par tielx lettres le Roi no- 
ftre feignur par advis de fon 
counceill purveiera al partie 
greve covenable remedie folooc 
ceo qe le cas requiert. 



CAP. IV, 



The penalty 
of him that 
maketh a 
talfe entry, 
that the plain- 
tiff doth offer 
himfelf in per- 
fon, where he 
doth not. 



The penalty of him that maketh afalfe entry, that the plain- 
tiff doth offer himfelf in perfon, where be doth Hot. 

ITEM, For that divers of the 
King's liege people before this 
time have been outlawed, and 
greatly v&ed and difqmeted in 
divers fuits, as well before the 
King in his bench, as in the com- 
man bench, in the records of which 
fuits the entries have been made, 
that the plaintiffs in the fame fuits 
Obtulerunt fe in propria pcrfo- 
nafua, where the fame plaintiffs 
never appeared to fuch fuits, nor 
had knowledge of the fame, in 
great mifchief of the faid liege 
people, if remedy be not provided 
in this behalf ;. (2) our lord the 
King willing in this cafe to 
provide remedy, hath ordain- 
. ed and eftablifhed by authori- 
ty of this prefent parliament, 
That no manner Fytifer, Exi- 
genter, nor any other officer, 
from henceforth (hall make 

fuch 



ITEM pur ceo qe divers des 
lieges du Roi avaunt ces 
hoeurgs ount eftee utlagez & 
graundement vexez ic difleifez 
en divers feutez fibien devaunt 
le Roi en fon bank come en 
le commune bank en les re* 
cordes des queux feutes les en- 
tires ount eftee feitz qe les 
pleintifs en mefmes les feutes 
Optulerunt fe in propria per-* 
fona fua lou mefmes ies plein- 
tifs unques napparerount as 
tieulx feutes ne conifaunce a- 
voient dicelles en graunde 
mifchief des ditz lieges fi re- 
medie ne foit purveu en cell 
partie noftre feignur le Roi 
voillant en ceo cas purvoir de 
remedie ad ordine par auAo- 
rite de ceft parlement qe mill 
filicer exigenter ne autre offi- 
cer defore cnavaunt ferra bd 
entree 



i.] Aano dccimo Henrici VL 175 

* en afcon feute finon qe fuch entry in amy manner fait, 

sintif en»mefme la fute a- except that the plaintiff in the 

t qe afcun del entre foit fame fuit, before that fuch en- 

ippierte en fa propre per- try be made, do appear in his 

devaunt afcun des juftices proper perfon before fome of 

eu ou le pice eft ou fcrra the faid juftices of the place 

ant & illeoqes (bit juree where the plea is or (hall be de- 

m liver qil eft mefme la pending; (3)andtherehefhall 

tit en qi noun la dite fuite be (worn upon a book, That 

te ou qe autre creable per- he is the fame perfon in whofe 

de fon counfeill face tiel name the (aid fuit is fued, or 

icnt pur luy. Etdurcra that feme other credible, per- 

Mrdinancc tanqal profchein fon of the King's * council # His W i j^ 9 

ment. make fuch oath for him. (4) Made perpe- 

And this ordinance (hall en- tualby itH. 

dure till the next parliament. *• c -9- 

CAP. V. 

thearfal of the ftatute of 2 1 R. II. c. 1 8. touching the 
maintenance of certain places about Calais. 

EM, whereas by a ftatute made the xxi. year of Richard v* +a\* p ft ft r 
be Second, for two great works very neceflary always to Calais, 
jftained and fupported about the town of Calais, and the Beacons* 
lies there, that is to fay, the beacons before the port there, 
he place called Paradife, which is nigh to the ditches of the 
town, it was ordained and ftablithed, That all manner of 

accuftomed to come to the faid port out of Engldnd (the 
rs boats only excepted) (hall bring with them all their laft- 
>f good (tones, covenable for the fluffing of the faid bea- 
, thereof making reafonable deliverance from time to time 
eir coining there, to the treafurer, which for the time (hall 
>r to other minifters thereto by him ordained, upon pain 
d. for the weight of every tun, and as much as the faid 

(hall be of portage. Ana that all manner of (hips enter- 

reft at the faid place of Paradife, (hall pay at every their 
' there iiii d. fterling. And thereupon it (Kail be lawful to 

1 (if they will) to tarry there by four days, with as many 
s then next following, without paying any more for theif 
rntry. And in cafe that they abide longer than four days and 
ts afore(aid, then thev (hall pay for every day and night 
penny, and for the only day an halfpenny, ana for the on- 
ight an halfpenny. And moreover, that no manner of 
a prefume to fatten any manner (hip or boat by cable, 
, or otherwife to the timber nor to the (tones of the faid 
>ns nor Paradift, nor to the new Key, otherwife called 
Wharf at the fide of the (aid port of Calais, upon pain of 
to be levied of the (hip, which fo (hall be found fattened, 
that the (aid treafurer, which for the time (hall be, (hall 
full power by him and his deputies to levy and receive the 
cy of the faid pains incurred and riling : and thereof to 
; payment according as (hall need in his office by the view. 

2 and 



176 



Anno decimo Henrici Vt. 



iHS** 



X H.6. cio. 



and controlment of the King's controller there, which ftatute 
amongft other things made in the fame parliament was revok- 
ed and admitted in the parliament holden at IVefttmnfter the ftrft 
year of King Henry the Fourth, to the great damage and hin- 
drance of the faid works, and to the grievous and importable 
cofts of the King, if remedy be not haftily provided. And for 
fo much our fovereign lord the King, by the advice and aflent 
of the (kid lords fpiritual and temporal, and alfo of the faid 
commons being in this parliament, hath ordained and efta- 
blifhed, That the faid ftatute, made the faid xxi. year, be from 
henceforth a ftatute effectual, holden and kept, and put in due 
execution for ever, according to the tenor of the fame. 

GAP. VI. 

What procefs Jball be awarded upon an indictment removed 
into the King's bench. 

r TEM come au parlement 
. tenuz a 



ITEM, whereas in the parlia- 
ment holden at Weftmin- 



ft er the eighth year of the King 
that now is* it was ordained* 
That upon every indictment or 
appealy by the which any of the 
King's liege people* dwelling in 
other foreign and divers counties 
than where fuch indictment or ap- 
peal is or /hall be taken* of trea- 
fin* felony* or trefyafs* to be ta- 
ken hereafter before juftices of 
peace* or before any other juftue 
whatfoever* having power to take 
fuch indictments or appeals* or 
other commijftoners or juftices in 
any county* franchife* or liberty 
of England, before any exigent a- 
tvarded upon any indictment or 
appeal in the form aforefaid to be 
taken* that prefently after the 
Jirft writ of Capias upon every 
fuch indictment or appeal award- 
ed and returned* tlmt another writ 
^Capias Jball be awarded* di- 
rected to the Jberiff of the county* 
whereof he that is fo indicted or 
appealed is or was fuppofed to be 
converfant by the farm indictment 
or appeal* returnable before the 
fame juftices or commifRoners* be- 
fore whom he is inaiCted or ap- 
pealed* at a certain day* contain- 
ing the fpace of three months from 
the date of the fame writ to the 
• return 



Weftm* Ian du 
reigne noftre feignur le Roi 
qoreft viiie ordine eftoit qe fur 
chefcune enditement ou appell 
par la quell afcuns des liege* 
du Roi demurrantz en autres 
countees qe la ou tiel endite- 
ment ou appell foit ou ferra 
pris de trefon felonie ou trefpafs 
apprendre en apres devaunt 
juftices de peas ou devaunt af- 
cun autre eiant poair de pren- 
dre tielx enditementz ou ap- 
pellez ou autres commiffioners 
ou juftices en afcun countee 
fraunchife ou libertee dEngle- 
terre devaunt afcun exigent a- 
garde fur afcun enditement ou 
appell en la fourme avauntdite 
apprendre qe maintenant apres 
le primer brief de Capias fur 
chefcun tiel enditement ou ap- 
pell agarde & retourne qe un 
autre brief de Capias foit agar- 
de diredl al vifcount del coun- 
tee dount celuy qeft enfy endite 
ou appelle eft ou fuift fuppofe 
deftre converfant par mefme 
lenditement ou appell return- 
able devaunt meimes les jufti- 
ces ou commiflioners devaunt 
queux il eft endite ou appelle a 
un certein jour conteignant le* 
fpace de trois mois dd date de' 
mefme 



*.] 



Anno decimo Henrici VI. 



177 



ne le brief & le retournc 

I come par mefme leftatuit 
icment appiert. Par quell 
fe du dit eftatuit ceftafla- 
retournable devaunt mef- 
es juftices ou commiffion- 
ievauht queux il eft endite 
tppelle afcun9 entendount 
e brief de Capias ordine 
e dit eftatuit qe ferra diredt 
fcount del countee dount 
f qeft enfi endite ou ap- 

eft ou fuift fuppofe deftre 
erfant par mefme lendite- 
t ou appell 4erra retourne 
unt mefme les juftices ou 
oiiftioners ou autrcs de- 
it queux lenditement ou 

II fuift pris & nounpas fcil- 
i. Et ymaginantz pur de- 
ler & anientifer le dit efta- 
uent pur remoever tielx en- 
nentz & appellez hors des 
is les juftices & commiflio- 

avauntditz en le bank le 
& aillours par Certiorari & 
:ment les parties enfi en- 
ou appellez nient fachantz 
xr ceo fuent procefle ufe a 
>mmune ley devaunt la fe- 
ce du dit eftatuit en le bank 
oi & aillours apres tiel re- 
vement en graunde empo- 
fement & vexation des loi- 
ieges du Roy. Purqoy nof- 
jgnur le R01 del adv is & af- 
fufditz & al efpecial requeft 
iitz communes par auclo- 
fuifdite ad ordine qe le dit 
uit foit tenuz & gardez & 

en due execution en toutz 
tz adjouftant a icell qe fi 
tis tielx enditementz prifez 
pprendres devaunt afcuns 
juftices du peas ou devaunt 
a autre eiant poair de pren- 
uelx enditementz ou appell 
tutres juftices ou commif- 
srs en afcune countee fraun- 
: ou libertee dEngleterre 
it remoevez devaunt le Roi 
fan bank ou aillours par 
ol. III. Certio- 



return of the fame, as by thtfame 
Jlatute plainly .appear eth. (2) 
By which claufe of the fame /la- 
tute y that is to fay , returnable be- 
fore the fame juftices or emmif- 
fioners before whom he is indicJcd 
or appealed, feme do think that 
the writ of Capias ordained by 
the faid Jlatute, which fhall be 
direfled to the Jheriff, whereof 
he that is Jo indiftea or appealed 
is or was fuppofed to be converfant 
by the fame indictment or appeal? 
Jballbe returned before the fame 
jujlices or commifjumers, or other? 
before whom the indictment or. 
appeal was taken, and not elfe* 
where i (3) And imagining to A confirm*- 
defraud and make fru/lrate the ^ on °f the 
faid Jlatute, dofue to remove fuch Jf^* J uch- 
indiclments and appeals out of the ing proc«f* C 
hands of the ju/iices or commif upon indict* 
fumers aforefaid into the King's mentsofper- 
bench and elfewhere by Certiora- g n fo J^ ,fing 
ri and otherwife, unknown to the countfe!? 
party fo indifted? and thereupon Raft.51. 
fue the procefs ufed at the common 
law before the making of the /aid 
Jlatute in the Kings bench and 
elfeWhere^aftertheremoving,to the 
great impoveri/hing and vexation 
of the King's faithful fubjefts. 
(4) Wherefore the fame our 
lord the King, by the advice 
and affent aforefaid, and at the 
fpecial requeft of the faid com- 
mons, by authority aforefaid 
hath ordained, That the faid 
ftatute be holden and kept, 
and put in due execution in 
all points; (5) joined to the Procefs when 
fame, that if any fuch indkft- the aforefaid 
ments taken, or to be taken, j^ 1 ^™"' 
before any juftices of peace, or ^wri -^ 
before any other having power the King's 
to take fuch indictments or bench, 
appeals, or other juftices or 
commiflioners in any county, 
franchife or liberty of England, 
(hall be removed before the 
King in his bench or elfe- 
where, by Certiorari or other- 
N wife, 



i 7 8 



Anno dccimo Henrici VI. 



wife, then after fuch remov- 
ing, before any exigent award- 
ed upon any fuch indidment 
or appeal in the form afore- 
faid taken, or to be taken, 
that prefently after the firft 
writ of Capias upon every fuch 
indictment or appeal awarded 
and returned, that another 
writ of Capias be awarded, di- 
re<fted to the (heriff of the 
county, whereof he that is fo 
indidled or appealed is or was 
fuppofed to be converfant by 
the fame indictment or appeal, 
returnable before the King in 
his bench at a certain day, 
containing the fpace of three 
months or four from the date 
of the faid laft writ of Capias* 
according to the manner and 
form that the juftices of peace, 
and other in the faid firft fta- 
tute contained, ought to have 
done, before fuch removing 
after the making of the faid 
firft ftatute. (6) And if any 
fuch exigent be hereafter a- 
warded upon any fuch indict- 
ment or appeal after fuch re- 
moving againft the form a- 
forefaid, or any outlawry there- 
upon pronounced, as well the 
fame exigent fo awarded, as 
the outlawry thereupon to be 
pronounced, and every of them 
fhall be holden for none and 
void, according as in the faid 
firft ftatute is more fully con- 
tained. 



Ex edit. Raft. 
Staple of Ca- 
lais. 



Certiorari ou autrement qe a- 
donqes apces tiel remoevement 
devaunt afcun exigend' agarde 
fur afcun tiel enditement ou 
appell en la fourme avauntdhe 
pns ou apprendre qe mainte- 
nant apres le primer brief de 
Capias fur chefcun tiel endite- 
ment ou appell agarde & re- 
tourne qe un autre brief de 
Capias foit agarde direcft al vif- 
count del countee dount celuy 

Jjeft enditee ou appelle eft ou 
uift fuppofe deftre converfant 
par melme lehditeihent ou ap- 
pelle retournable devaunt le Roi 
en fon bank a un certein jour 
conteignant lefpace de trois mois 
ou quatre mois del date del dit 
darrein brief de Capias folonc 
les maner & fourme qe les jufti- 
ces de peas & autres en le dit 
primer eftatuit contenuz deuf- 
fent avoir fait avaunt tiel remo- 
evement puis la fefaunce du dit 
primer eftatuit & enouftre de ent 
faire procefle folonc leffedt & 
pur port del dit primer eftatuit. 
Et fi afcun exigende foit agarde 
enapres fur afcun tiel endite- 
ment ou appell apres tiel re- 
moevement encountre la fbur- 
me avauntdite ou afcun utla- 
garie fur ceo pronouncie foit 
fibien celle exigende enfi agar- 
der come lutlagarie fur ceo a 
pronouncier & chefcun de eux 
tenuz pur null & voide folonc 
ceo qen le dit primer eftatuit. 
eft contenuz pluis au plein. 



CAP. VII. 

All wools and wool f eh that Jhall be carried to any other plait 

than to Calais, fhall bt forfeited to the King and the finder. 

ITEM, whereas by a ftatute it was ordained, That all the 
wools, woolfels, hides, lead and tin, and divers other mer- 
chandifes pafling out of the realm of England* the lands, of Ire- 
land* Wales* and Berwick upon Tweed* ought to repair to the 
ftaple of Calais* and to none other place beyond the fea, to be 
fold under the governance of the mayor and conftables of the 
faid ftaple, upon certain pains contained in the laid ftatute, 
which pains be fo eafy *nd not doubted, that many take incul- 

tom 



143 2 -] Anno decimo Henrici VI. . 179 

torn to carry, and do daily to be carried out of the realm and 
lands afore(aid, by divers means and ways, a great fubftance of ' 
the wools, woolfels, hides, lead and tin, and other tnerchati- 
difes, which ought to repair to the (aid ftaple, into Scotland and 
into Flanders* Holland* Zealand* and Brabant* without cuftom 
or other charge thereof paying, as is paid for wools repairing 
to Calais: and alfo by the (aid wools and merchandifes fo car- 
ried to the faid pans, there cometh no money into this realm 
of England* nor the fame realm is increafed, nor the mint, at 
Calais fuftained ; and moreover, the fame wools and merchan- 
difes be fold in the fame parts at fo little a price or value, 
that the merchants aliens be fo greatly enftored of the fame* 
that they come not. to Calais to buy wools and woolfels, as they 
were accuftomed to do, to the great Iofs and damage of our fo- 
vereign lord the King, and the univerfal damage of his realm, 
and great hindrance of the utterance of the commodities of the 
faid realm, repairing and being at the faid town of Calais* 
as the fame our fovereign lord the King hath conceived at the 
grievous complaint of the merchants and commons of the realm 
in this prefent parliament aflembled : our fovereign lord the 
King, confidering the grievous lofles and damages aforefaid* 
hath ordained, That the value of all fuch goods fo found carried 
or to be carried to the faid parts, except thofe wools and woolfels* 
which by our fovereign lord the King be or (hall be licenced \ 
if there be any they (hall be forfeit, whereof the fame our fove- 
reign lord the King (hall have the one half, and the perfoa 
that efpieth and proveth the fame, by the difcretion of the trea^ * 
furer and barons of the exchequer, (hall have the other half. And 
that every man have power by authority of the fame parliament, 
to make fuch fearch in every place where it ihall be needful. 
■ »— — ■ 1 1 1 1 ■■ ■ 1 11 iii 1 

In rotulo parliamenti tenti apud Weftm' duodeci- 
mo die Maii anno regni Regis Henrici Sexti 
poft conqueftum decimoyfttf. 2.-f 

ITEM quedamalia petitio exhibita fuit prefato domino Regi in Pro juftjciariis 
parliamento predidto per prefatos communes pro jufticiariis f T? cntlb fc 
fervienti jus ad legem & attornato domini Regis in hec verba Pri- attornat! do- 
punt les communes a iceft prefent parlement afiemblez qe pleafe mini regis. 
a noftre foverain' feignur le Roi par advis des tres reverentz & 
tines gracious feignurs a iceft prefent parlement afiemblez confi- 
derer coment les juftices de bank k Roi & del commune bank 
les juftices as affiles prendre affignez les fergeantz et lattourney 
du Roi pur le temps efteantz devaunt ces hoeures feurent tout 
temps paiez en mayns de lour fees & regardes du Roi par let 
treforcrez dEngleterre pur le temps efteantz annuelment en les 
termes de Pafque & feint Michell par ouelles portions tanqe ai 

t Mr. Cay obferves that this is mentioned at a ftatute in the Old A* 
bndjgment, and called Statutum per fe ; but that it feems to have been 
rtfpitcd, for it it not entered upon the Statute Roll, and was not pub- 
lished as a Statute. 

N 2 temot 



i8o AnnoundecimoHENRici.VI. [*433* 

temps de William Kynwolmerfhe jatarde treforer dEngtetterrc 
ct puis qils feutent mys de prendre pur lour payment affigne- 
mentz des "dettours de Roi queux par tiels auignementz a la 
foitz riens faunz regarde payer ne voillent des queux dettours 
les ditz juftices fergeauntz ic attourne ount eftee & fount tref- 
malement ou trop tarde & ove grauntes delayes ou jammes pavez 
& outre (buvent fount mys de querer & efpier dettours du Roi 
des queux ils voillent avoir lour affignementz la ou ils nount ne 
faunz graunde daunger & diligence avoir poient conifaunce de 
tielx dettours ne a eux efpier & querer & pur lour payementz 
treter attendre ne poient faunz leffer faire lour office et fervice a 
Roi & le poeple deliverer & qe expedient a Roi & a fon poeple 
ou honefte ou convenient as. offices des ditz juftices fergeauntz 
& attourne neft il mye de querer & efpier les ditz dettours & eux 

}>ar daungerous mefnes entreter pur lour payment aver queux a 
a foitz pur ceo faire defiront & demaundont eftre regardez ou 
ilon refonablement favourez encountre le ferement des ditz 
juftices fergeantz & attourne & de confiderer auxi les graundes 
& continuelx coftages & expenfes qe les ditz juftices fount en 
lour entendaunce en faifant lour ditz offices & fervkez a Roi & 
le graunde perde & damage qils ount de lour fees & gayne de ceo 
qils fount affignez juftices qamounterount a graunt part pluis qe 
lour ditz fees & regardes de Roi et fur ceo par au&orite diccft 
prefent parlement d'ordiner qe les ditz juftices fergeantz & at- 
tourne de Roi pur le temps efteantz & chefcun de eux foient 
paiez es mains de lour ditz fees & regardes de Roi en les ditz 
termes par les mains des treforers dEngleterre pur le temps 
efteantz et qe mefmes les treforers foient tenuz a ceo faire par 
ilfint qe les ditz juftices fergeantz & attourne ne covyendra pur 
la puriuite de lour ditz paymentz aver de lefler faire lour ditz 
office & fervice a Roi deliverer le poeple qount a faire en lour 
offices avauntditz. Qua quidem petitione in parliamento prc- 
didlo ledta audita & intelle&a de avifamento & aftenfu predidis 
prefate petitioni taliter fuit refponfum fiat prout petitur. 



Statutes made ztJVeJiminfter, Anno u Hen. VI. 
and Anno Dom. 1433. 

OUR fevereign lord 'the King, ^TOSTRE feignur le Roy 

at his parliament holden at jL\ a fon parlement tenuz a 

Weftminfter the eighth day of Weftm* le viij. jour dejule Ian 

July, the eleventh year of hts de fon regne unzifme a la revc- 

reig n, to tb? reverence of God, rence de Dicu & pur le bicn du 

and for the weal of the people of poeple de fon roialme del advis 

his realm, by the affent of the ic aiTentdesfeignurscfpirituelx 

lords fpiritual and temporal, and & temporelx de mefme h 

at the Jpecial requeft of the com- roialme & a la efpeciale requeft 

monsof his realm in bis faid far- dez communes de fon dit 

liament affembled by authority of roialme en fon dit roialme 

the fame parliament, hath ordain- efteantz par au&orite de meijne 

td and JlaMi/btf divers Jlatutes, le parlement ad fait ordeigne 

deck- k 



f 433'] Anno undecimo Henrici VI. 181 

& eftable certcins eftatuitz de- declarations* and ordinances* in 
darations & ordenaunces en la the form following. 
fourme qenfuit. 

CAP. I. 

Tbey that dwell at the ftews in Southwark Jhall not be im- 
panelled injuries* nor keep any inn or tavern but there. 

FIRST, forafmuch as our faid fovereign lord the King, at th* Ex edit. Raft, 
grievous complaint to him made by his faid commons in 
the feme parliament, hath conceived, that divers perfons of * Inft * * ** 
great poverty, without confcience and of an evil governance, 
now and late dwelling in a place fufpe&ed, called the Stews, in Stcwg « 
the borough of Soutmvari* in the county of Surry* as well by 
the receipt of common women, thieves, mankillers, and adul- 
terers, as* by murder and privy robberies, as well by themfelves 
as by many other there harboured without pity, loyalty, and 
good confcience there done, have fuddenly come to great riches, 
by which they have purchafed great livings of lands and tene- 
ments, to great yearly values : and becaufe of their fufficiency 
of freehold fo purchafed, they have been returned by the fheriff 
of the faid county and other bailiffs in inquefts, as well for 
felony and trefpafs between the King and the party, and party 
and party, as in affizes and other pleas of land before the King's 
juftices in his courts, and before the ftewards and marfhal of 
his houfe, whereby divers difheritances and wrongful condem- 
nations of many lawful lieges of our fovereign lord the King . 
have been had, and many murderers and notorious thieves have 
been faved, great murders and robberies concealed and not 
punifhed, and how the perfons fufpe&ed inhabit them in com- 
mon hofteries and taverns in the highway of the fame borough, 
there receiving thieves, common women, and other mifdoers, 
in like manner as they did in the faid fufpe&ed place of the 
ftews: Our fovereign lord the King considering the premifles, 
and that fuch people without confcience be defamed, and may 
not of reafon be intending to bear witnefs of truth there where 
truth fhould be inquired,hath ordained and eftablifhed, That jf 
any fach pcrfon be returned by any (heriff, bailiff, or other mi- 
niner of our faid fovereign lord the King in the faid county of 
Surry* or by any officer before the fteward and marihal of our 
fovereign lord the King's houfe, as well for the King as for the 
party, at all times from henceforth he may be challenged, and Challenge, 
the challenge in that part allowed for the caufe before faid. And 
alfo for to avoid murders, robberies, and adulteries that might 
by likelyhood happen, it is ordained, That no fuch pcrfon, Tavern, 
which hath dwelled at the faid ftews, be fuffered to hold any Southwark, 
common hoftery or tavern in other place wkhin the faid borough 
of Soutbwari* out only at the faid ftews. And that the juftices 
of peace in the fame county (hall have power to inquire of all 
them that hold hofteries and taverns, and them to punifh by 
fine and ranfom, and by imprifonment of their bodies, after the 
jdifcmioo of the faid juftices. 

Nj CAP, 



l8* 



The penalty 
where the 
(herifF is * 
named dif- 
feifor in an 
a/life to the 
intent that 
he (hall not 
execute the 
writ. 



I 



Anno pndecimo Henrici VI. £i433* 

CAP. II. 

Tie penalty where a Jheriff is named a dijfeifar in an affife. 

TEM, Wljereas feveral per- TTEM come divers gentz 

X fovent foits fuent affiles de 
Novell difleifyn devaunt juf- 
tices affienez envers diverfez 
perfones ft par fubtillite & col- 
lufion pur avoir lour brefs de 
lourcs ditz affifes dire&z as co- 
roners dez countees ou les te- 
nementz fount pur faire execu- 
tion dicell brefs fount nomer 
en loures ditz affifes le vifoount 
de tnefme le counte une dez 
difleifoures lou il neft ne unqes 
fuift difleifour ne tenaunt dez 
tenementz en demaunde pa- 
rount fovent foitz lez ditz af- 
fifes fount agardez par defaute 
dez tenantz quex nount my 
conufaunce de ceux afllfes en 
tant qils ne trovent my afcun 
affife envers eux en la felace 
de vifcount & nount afcune 
fufpecion de afcune tie! affife 
priz envers le vifcount & eux 
noftre feignur lie Roi voillant 
en ceo cas purvoir de remedie 
del aflent & au<Storite fuifditz 
ad ordeigne qen tous tiels affifes 
purchafez & a prefent pendantz 
ou a purcliafers defore ena- 
vaunt parenjre queconqes per- 



fons do often fue affifes ^No- 
vel difleifin btf ore juftices affign- 
ed againjl divsrs perfons, and by 
craft and collufion^ to have their 
writs of their faid affifes directed 
to the coroners of the counties 
where the tenements be, to male 
execution of the faid writs, do 
Hame in their faid affifes the jheriff 
of the fame county one of the dif- 
Jeifors, where he is not, neither 
fver was diffeijjr or tenant of the 
tenements in demand^ whereby of- 
tentimes the faid affifes be awarded 
by the default of the tenants which 
have no knowledge of thofe affifes, 
for that they found not any affife 
againjl them in the file of the 
Jheriff, nor have any fufpicion of 
any fue h affife taken againjl the 
Jheriff and them -, (2) our lord 
the King, willing in this cafe 
to provide remedy, of the af- 
fent and authority aforefaid, 
hath ordained, That in all fuch 
affiles purchafed, at this time 
depending, or hereafter to be 
purchafed, between any perfons 
whatfoever they be, before any 

fuch juftices, in which affifes / * » 

any fuch fheriffis named dif- fones devaunt aicuns tieuxjuf- 
feilor, if the tenants in the faid tices en quex affifes afcune tie! 



affifes or any of them will aver, 
that the faio (heriff is not, nor 
pver was, difleifor, nor tenant 
of the tenements in demand, 
l>ut was named difleifor by 
collufion, the averment (hall 
be received. (3) And if it be 
found by the faid affife, that the 
faid (hcrJfFis not, nor ever was, 
ilifieifor nor tenant of the te- 
nements jn demand, but was 
named difleifor by collufion, 
then the faid juftices (hall caufc 
to be abated and quafhed the 
faid writ purchafed, or to be 
purchafed in the form above- 
laid > 



vifcount (bit nomez defleifour 
fi lez tenantz en lez ditz affifes 
ou afcun de eux voil averref qe 
le dit vifcount neft ne unqes 
fuift cliffeifour ne tenaunt dez 
tenementz en demaunde mais 
fuift nome difleifour par col- 
lufion foit laverrement receuz. 
Et fi trove foit par la dit affife 
qe le dit vifcount ne foit ne un- 

3es fuit difleifour ne tenaunt 
ez tenementz en demaunde 
mais fuift nome difleifour par 
collufion adonqes lez ditz juf- 
tices facent abater & cafler le 
dit brief purchafeou purchafer 



1433*] Anno undccimo Henrici VI. 183 

en la fourme fuifdit & qe lez faid ; (4) and that the plaintiffs] * 
pleintifs ou pleintife foient ou or plaintiff be in the grievous 
(bit en le greve mercy le Roi. mercy of the King. 

CAP. III. 

An Jffife* &c. maintainable againfi the pernor of the profits. 

ITEM come par eftatuit fait TTE M, Whereas by afiatute 4 H. 4. c. 7, 
Ian quart le Roy Henry JL made the fourth year of the 
pier noftre feignur le Roi quo- reign of King Henry , grandfather 
reft entre autres ordene foit qe of our lord the King that new is* 

amongfl other things it was or- 
dained, That the diffeifees /ball 
have their adions againft the 



les diffeifez eient lour adtion en- 
ters lez diflcifoures durant la 
vie mefmes lez di0bifoures pa- 
renfi qe tiels lez diiTeifoures ent 
preigne lez profettes al temps 
del lute commence ficome en 
mefme leftatuit eft contenuz 
pluis au plein. Le quell efta- 
tut folonqe loppinion dez plu- 
fours ad efte entenduz es brefs 
daflifes de Novel difleifin tant- 
folement & fi graundement 
cnefchefe eft a les parties de- 
maundantz en autres brief* 
fuez & founduz fur Novell 
difleifin come en affife. £t 
voillant par tant mefme noftre 
feignur le Roi tout maners op- 
pinions & doutes en ceft parte 
ceffer ad ordene par laflent & 
au&orite fuitditz qen tous ma- 
ners dez briefs fonduz fur le 
Novell difleifw lez deffeifez 
eient lour recoverer fils voillent 
par tiels briefs envers lez dif- 
feifoures ou lour feffees auxi- 
bien come ils averoient en af- 
fife de Novell difleifin pariflirit 
qe mefmes lez. diflcifoures ou 
lour feffees vers qui ou quex 
le brefe ferra porte ent pregne 
ou pregnent lez profettz al 
temps del bref purchace nient 
contrefteant afcuns dons ou 
feffementz faitz as autres per- 
fones pur delaier lez demaun- 



aftions 
diffeifors during the lives of the 
diffeifors, fo that fuch diffeifors 
thereof take the profits at the time 
of the fuit commenced, as in the 
fame fiatute is contained more 
at large. The which fiatute, 
according to the opinion of many, 
hath been intended in writs of 
affife of Novel diffeifin only, 
and as great mif chief it is to 
the parties demandants in other . 
writs Cued and grounded upon No- 
vel difleifin, as in affife. (2) At well other 
Wherefore our lord the King, ^"I*?.?! 
willing all manner of opinions ^tainable 
and doubts in that behalf to againft the 
ceafe, hath ordained by the pernor of tht 
aflent and authority aforefaid, profit*. 
That in all manner of writs 
grounded upon Novel diffeifin, 
the diffeifees (hall have their 
recoveries, if they will, by fuch 
writs, againft the diffeifors or 
their feoffees, as well as they 
fhall have in affile of Novel dif- 
feifin, fo that the lame diffeifors, 
or their feoffees, againft whom 
the writ (hall be brought, there- 
of take the profits at the time 
of the writ purchafed, notwith- 
ftanding any gifts or feoff- * 7 
ments made to other perfons 
for to delay the demandants. 



1. c. f . 

7. c. I. 
8. c.io* 



dantz. 

CAP. IV. 
The plaintiffs in attaint fhall recover their cofis and damages. 



The feveral 



ITEM noftre feignur le Roi TT EM our lord ete King, by lcag ind de _ 
par la grevpufe compleint X the grievous complaint of his [^ that were 
<tez N 4 com* 



184 



Anno undccimo 



t^e common 
law, 



,t+aint at commons, confidcring the mi/chiefs 

common faj ^^ fh ^^ ^ y£f ^ 

remedied, and alfo the great da- 
mage and dijhcrifon that cometh 
by the ufual perjury of jurors im- 
panelled upon inquejls, as well in 
the courts of our lord the King, 
as of other, the which perjury 
doth abound and increafe daily 
more than it was wont, for the 
great gifts that fuch jurors tike 
of the parties in pleas fued in the 
faid courts > f 2) wherefore the 
greater part of people that have 
tofue in the faid courts, leave their 
fuits for the mifchiefs aforefaid, 
and namely in rcfpetl of the de- 
lays that be in the writs of at- 
taints \ for that in times pafl in 
writs of attaints, when the granfl 
jury had appeared in court, and 
were readv to pafs, one of the te- 
nants or defendants, or 0/ the petty 
jurors named in fuch writs, tome- 
time have pleaded falfe and faint 
pleas, which were not triable by 
the grand jury of the attaint, and 
by that means delayed the taking 
of fuch grand juries until fuch 
picas were tried. And after fuch 
pleas tried and found for the 
plaintiffs, another of the jurors, 
tenants, or defendants, might 
plead another fuch falfe and f dint 
plea after the lajl continuance in 
the fame attaints, andfo every of 
the defendants, jurors, or tenants, 
after other, might plead fuch fal/e 
and faint plea, and delay the grand 
jury when it was ready to pafs ; 

(3) and though that all fuch falfe 
and faint pleas were fou/id again/I 
them which pleaded, no pain was 
given them by the common law, 

(4) in regard of which delays, the 
grand juries in attaints have been 
often grievoujly vexed and travel- 
led, and tkt plaintiffs in fuch at- 

. taints put to Jo great cqfts, and 
thereby it§poveriJhed, that they 
cctild net profecute their faid fuits y 

. wherefore the jurors be the more 

en- 



Henrici VI. [1433. 

dez fez communes confiderant 
Jez graundes mefchefs ewez 
deinz Je roialme & anquore 
nient remedez & auxi le 
graunde damage & difheretifon 
qavient par le ufuell perjure 
dez jurroures enpaneUez en 
enqueftes fibien en lez courtes 
du Roi come dautres la que]] 
perjure habunde & encrece de 
jour en autre pluis qe foloit 
pur lez graundes dounes que 
tiels jurrours pregnent de lez 
parties es plees fuezen lez ditz 
courtes a taunt qe le greindre 
partie dez gentz qount a fuer 
en lez ditz courtes lefient lour 
futes par knehefon fuifdit & 
nomement a caufe qe lez de- 
lates que fount en lez briefs 
datteintes purcco qe avauntcez 
heures en briefs datteint quant 
le graunde jure ad apparue en 
court & fuift preft de patter un 
dez tenantz ou defendantz ou 
des petites jurrours noiriez en 
tielx briefs a le foith ount pic* 
des feintes & fauxes plees quex 
ne fuerent triablez par la 
graunde jure de latteint & par 
celle caufe delaiez la pries dez 
tielx graundes juriees tan- 

?ue tiels plees fcerent triez. 
It apres tielx plees triez & 
trovez pur le pleintifs une au- 
tre dez jurrours tenauntz ou 
flefendantz purront pleder une 
autre tiel fauxe & feinte plee 
puis la darrein continuance en 
mefmes lez atteintez. Et iffint 
chefcune dez defendantz ju- 
rours ou tenantz apres lautre 

!>urroit pleder tiel fauxe ic 
einte plee & delaier la graunde 
juriee quant il fuift preft de 
patter. Et combien qe tous 
tiels faux & feinte plees furent 
trovez envers eux qui eux pie- 
derent nulle peine fuift done 
envers eux par la commune ley 
a caufe dez quex delaiez lez 
-graundes jurrees en atteintes 

ount 



143 3-1 Anno undecimo Henrici VI, i8$ 

ount cftc fovent grevoufement encouraged to be perjured^ and to 



vcxcz & laborez & lez pleintifs 
«n tiels atteintz myz a fi 
graunde coftages & enfi en- 
povcrcz qils ne purroicnt fucr 
avaunt lours ditz fuites par que 
lez jurrours ount efte meulx 
embaudez deftre peijurez & 
fair faux ferementz en ticlx ca- 
fes. Et voillant fur ceo noftre 
dit feignur le Roi purvoier de 
remedie a la requeft dez ditz 
communes & de laflent des 
feignurs defuifditz ad ordene 
& eftable qe les parties plein- 
tifs en tous tiels atteintez reco- 
verount lour damages & cof- 
tages envers tous tielx tena- 
untz jurrours & defendants qils 
ount fuftenez en cele partie. 

auxibien as briefs datteintz dre pendantzcome as briefs datteintz 
a purchafcrez en temps avenir. 

CAP. V. 

Tbe remedy where fl tenant grant etb over bis cfiate, 
the profit $) and commit tetb wafte. 



make their falfe oaths in fitch cafes, 
(5) Our faid lord the King, *3H. 8. c 3 
willing thereof to provide re- 
medy, at the requeft of the faid 
commons, and by the affent 
of the lords abovefaid, hath or- 
dained and eftabliftied, That 
the parties plaintiffs in all fuch 
attaints (frail recover their da- 
mages and cofts againft all fuch 
tenants, jurors, and defen- 
dants, which they have fuftain- 
ed in that behalf ; and that this 
ftatute extend as well to writs 
of attaints now hanging, as to 
writs of attairits to be purchaf- 
ed hereafter. 

Et qc ceft eftatuit (by extende 



taketb 



The plaintiff 
in attaint dull 
recover Ins 
cofts and da- 
mages againft 
the jurors, te- 
nants, and de* 
fendants. 



ITEM pur ceo qe lou diver- 
fesgentz devaunt cez heures 
ount leflez lour terres & tene- 
ment? as diverfes perfones cef- 
taffavoir a terme de vie ou a 

termedautre vie & afcunes a ltfe,and feme for term of years, the 
terme dez anz lez ditz tenauntz /aid tenants have oftentimes let and 
fovent foitz ount graunte & granted their ejtate which they 



IT E M, Becaufe that divers 
people in times pajl have let 
their lands and tenements to divers 
perfonsy that is to fay> fomefor 
term of life or of another man's 



lefle lour eftate quex avoient 
en lez ditz terres & tenementz 
a plufoures perfones al entent 
qe ceux en la reverfion ceftaf- 
favoir lour leflbures lours 
heires ne lour aflignes ne 
dueent avoir conufaunce des 
loures nounes & puis lez ditz 
premer tenauntz continuel- 
ment occupient lez ditz terres 
& tenementz & ent pregnent 
lez profettes a lour propre ufe 
& en lez ditz terres & * tci ip- 
mentz fount waft & deftrac- 
tion a dKheritaunce.de ceux en 
la reverfion ordeigne eft & ef- 
table qe ceux en la reverfion 
«n tid cat purroicnt avoir & 
main- 



had in the fame lands and tene- 
ments, to many perfonSy to the in- 
tent that they in the reverfion 9 % 
that is to fay y their leJforSy their 5 Co. 77^ 
heirsy or their affignSy might net 
have knowledge of their nameSj 
and after the faid fir ft tenants 
continually occupy the faid lands 
and tenements, and therefore take 
the profits to their proper ufe, ami 
in the find Umds and tenements 
commit wafte and defiruclion, to 
the dijheriiance of them in the re r 
verfion : (2) It is ordained and A remedy for 
eftablifhed, That they in the M"» « rever- 
reverfion in fuch cafe mav have jJ22t«©rBfe e " 
and maintain a writ of wafte or y^ 
againft the ftid tenants for granteth over 
term 



136 

his eftate, ta- 
keth the pro- 
fits and com- 
mitted* wafte. 



AprovUbfor 
him that hoki- 
eth his term, 
without im- 
peachment of 
wafte. 



Anno undecimo 

term of life, of another's life, 
or for years, and fo recover a- 
gainft them the place wafted, 
and their treble damages, for 
the wafte by them done, a6 
they ought to have done for 
the wafte committed by them 
before the faid grant and leafe 
of their eftate. (3) Provided 
always, That this ordinance 
hold not place, but where the 
firft tenants before the leafe 
and grant of their faid eftates, 
in the manner and form afore- 
faid, were punifhable of wafte ; 
U) and alfo where after the 
laid grant and leafe the faid 
firft tenants of the faid lands 
and tenements take the profits 
at the time of the wafte done, 
to their own proper ufe. (5) 
And this ordinance (hall extend 
as well to wafte by fuch tenants 
done before this ordinance, as 
liter. 



Henrici VI. [1433. 

maintenere brief de waft en- 
vers lez ditz tenauntz a terme 
de vie dautre vie & dez anz & 
iffint recoverer envers eux 1c 
lieu wafte & lours trebles da- 
mages pur le waft iffint par 
eux fait ficome ils dueent avoir 
fait pur le waft par eux fait de- 
vaunt lez ditz graunte & lefle 
de lour eftate. Purveu toutz 
foitz qe cele ordenaunce ne 
teigne lieu forique lou lez pre- 
mers tenauntz devaunt lez lefle 
& le graunte de lour dit eftate 
en le manere & fourrne fuifditz 
fiierent punisfhablez de waft 
et auxi lou apres le ditz graunt 
ic lefle lez ditz premers te- 
nauntz dez ditz terres & tene- 
ntfntz pregnent lez profettes a 
lour propre opfe demefhe al 
temps de waft fait. Et qe ceft 
ordenance foy extende auxibien 
al waft par tielx tenauntz fait 
devaunt ceft ordenance come 



apres. 
CAP. VI. 

Nofuit pending before any juftices, &c. Jhatt be difcontinued 
by a new commijfwn. 

TTEM noftre feignur le Roi 



1 Ed. 6.C.7. TTEM, Our lord the King 
JL tenfidering the great lof}es and 
damages which oftentimes have 
eme, and be likely to come here- 
after , as well to himfelfas to ma- 
ny $f bis lieges, for that where as 
%uefl divers indictments And fuits 
for our lord the %ing, as other 
fuits between party and party, 
have been taken before divers juf- 
tices of the peace, affgned byfeve- 
ral ' eommfftons of our faid lord the 
King in divers counties of Eng- 
land, and divers pleas and pro- 
eejfes upon thofc indictments have 
eften been made, and hanging be- 
fore the fame juftices not deter- 
mined, the which picas and pro- 
cefjes have been often difcontinued, 
by making of new commijficm of 
the peace in thofe counties, to the 
great lofs of our faid lord the King 
2 and 



confiderant lez graundes 
perdes & damages que fovent 
foitz. ount avenuz & verifem- 
blablement avenderount apres 
fibien a luy mefmes come as 
plufours dez fez lieges deceo qe 
la ou fibien diverfez endite- 
mentz & futes pur noftre feig- 
nur le Roi come autres futes 
parentre parte & parte ount 
efte prifez devaunt diverfez ju- 
ftices de pees aflignez par di- 
verfez commiflions de Roi en 
diverfez countes dEngleterre 
& diverfes plees & procefles fur 
icelles enditeroentz ount fovent 
efte faitez & jpendantz devaunt 
mefmes les juftices nient de- 
terminez lez quex plees & pro* 
cefles fovent ount efte difcon- 
tenuz par faifauncci dc novell 
com- 



Anno undecimo Henrici VI. 



1 433-] 

commiflions du pees en icel- 
les countes a graunde perde 
noftre dit feignur le Roi & dez 
fez lieges & en retardation dez 
mefmes lez plees & futees & 
de la deliveraunce dez fez ditz 
lieges. Et fur ceo noftre dit 
feignur le Roi voillant purvoier 
de remedie de la/Tent & au&o- 
rite fuifditz adordene &eftable 
qen tous tielx futes & plees ic 
prpces en icelles apprendres & 



and of bis fubjefts % in delay of the 
fame pleas arid fuits, and of the 
deliverance of ois faid fubjefts : 
{%) And upon that our lord 
the King willing to provide re- 
medy, of the aflent and autho- 
rity aforefaid, hath ordained 
and eftablifhed, That in all 
fuch pleas, fuits and precedes, 
in them to be taken and to be 
made before juftices of the 
peace in any county of England, 



i8 7 



No fuit before 

any juftices or 

commiflioner* 

(hall be dif- 

continued 

byanewcom.- 

miifion. 



affaires devaunt juftices de pees the faid pleas ana proceffes in 
en afcune counte dEngleterre fuch fuits to be done, (hall not 



lez ditz plees & proces en tiels 
futes affaires ne foient my dif- 
contenuz par tiels novell com- 
miflions de pees affaires mes 
eftoient mefmes lez plees & 
proceffes en lour force. Et 
eient lez juftices de mefmes lez 
novell commiflions enfi aflig- 
nez apres ceo quils averount 
lez recordes dez ditz plees & 
proceffes devaunt eux poair & 
au&orite dez lez. ditz plees & 

)>roceffes continuer & mefmes 
ez plees & proceffe & tous lez 
dependantz dicelles oier & fi- 
nalment determiner ficome lez 
autres juftices purrount & duif- 
fent avoir fait de & en icelles fi 
null novell commiflion euft 



be difcontinued by fuch new 
commiflions of the peace to be 
made, but thofe pleas and pro- 
ceffes (hall ftand in their force. 
£3) And the juftices in the 
lame new commiflions fo ai- 
figned, after that they (hall 
have the records of the fame 
pleas and proceffes before them, 
(hall have power and autho- 
rity to continue the (aid pleas 
and proceffes; and the lame 
pleas and proceffes, and all that 
depend upon them, to hear and 
finally to determine, as the 
other juftices might and ought 
to have done of and in the 
fame, if no new commiflion 
had been made. 



efte (ait. 

CAP. VII. 

The ftatute of H. VI. c. 7. which refirainetb tbefberifi of 
the county of FJereford to take money by extortion, &c. 
revived for three years. 

ITEM, Whereas in the parliament holden at TVeflminfter the 
Friday next before the feaft of Saint Hillary, the ninth year 
of our fovereign lord the King that now is, for the great mif- 
chiefs and intolerable oppreflions done to his lieges of the 
county of Hereford, by incroachings and extortions done by the 
(heriffs of the faid county for the time being, late begun and 
wrongfully continued, for that the (aid (heriffs in their turns, 
and in otner places after their turns holden and ended, in the 
which other places they have no authority nor power by jheir 
office to take any inquiry or inqueft, they have taken divers in- 
quiries, inquefts of office, and indictments of labourers, craftf- 
men, and other divers things ordained by ftatute to be inquired 
Jbefore juftices and commiflioners of peace, and that ip no man- 
ner 



Ex edit. Raft. 

county of 
ereford. 

Sheriffs turn*, 



188 Anno undecimo Menrici VI. [ I 433» 

tier belong nor pertain to be inquired by fuch fheriffs in their 
turns, nor in any other place before them, and the which fheriffc 
by force of fuch inquiries, inquefts of office and indictments not 
duly nor lawfully taken before the faid fheriffs in their turns 
ana without, ana for the not coming of the faid liege people to 
the faid turns, the faid fheriffs did take wrongfully to their pro- 
per ufe of divers of the faid liege people fines and amerciaments 
of x. li. and other great fums, in great oppreffion, undoing and 
deftrultion of many poor people of the (aid lieges, if remedy 
(hould not be haftily provided in that behalf, by confideration 
of which mifchief it was ordained by the authority of the faid 
parliament, That no (heriffnor unaerfheriff of the faid county, 
from the faid Friday^ then forward, by colour of his office, 
(hould take any inquiry, inqueft of office, or indi&ment in his 
turn, that ought not by t ^ law to be taken in his turn, nor that 
he by colour of his office (hould take any inquiry, inaueft of 
office, or indictment in any other place after his turn holden and 
ended, nor that he (hould take of any of the faid lieges of our 
fovereign lord the King any fines or amerciaments for any thing 
or caufe that do not Wong to his turn or office, nor any fuch 
heinous or grievous amerciament of any of the faid lieges againft 
'reafon for default of coming to the faid turn or to other place, 
or for other caufe by colour. of his office, upon pain of forty 

Counds by him to be paid to our fovereign lord the King, his 
eirs ana fucceflbrs, as often as fuch tneriff or undertneriff 
thereof or of any article thereof be duly conViit at the fuit of 
our fovereign lord the King, or of the party grieved that will 
(ue as well for the King as for himfelf. And that the party that 
win fue in fuch cafe have the half of the faid fum, together with 
his double damages to his proper ufe. And that the party 
in this cafe grieved have power by the authority of the faid par- 
liament to fue in this behalf againft fuch fheriffs and under- 
fheriffs, as well for the King as for himfelf as before is faid. 
And that the juftices of peace of the fame county for the time 
being, have power and authority to inquire, hear and determine 
fuch mifprifions and offences, as well at the fuit of our fovereign 
lord the King as of the party that will fue for the King and tor 
himfelf. And that this ordinance indure for three years then 
, next enfuing: Our fovereign lord the King, confidering the 
*faid ordinance to be profitable for him and his people of the 
faid county, hath ordained by authority of this preient parlia- 
ment, that the faid ordinance (hall (land in his force and effeft for 
three years next enfuing. 

CAP. VIII 
A confirmation of all (latutes made touching weights and 

meafures. 
*H. j.c.io. JTEM, Whereas in the par- TTEM come en le parle- 
JL liament holden at Weftminfter JL ment tenuz a Weftm\ Ian 
the fir ft year of King Henry, fa- prcmer de Roi Henri pier nof- 
ther of our lord the King that now tre feignur le Roi quoreft or- 
ij, it was ordainedy That all the dene fuift qe tous lez efta- 
Jiatutes tuitg 



Anno undccimo Henrici VI. 



tuitz ic ofdenahces dez me- 
fares dez blccs deuflent cftrc 
fermement tenuz Sf garduz fo- 
lonque lenfed dicells. Et qe 
null dez purvoiours de Roi 
nautre ne duiflent en apres ne 
de celle temps enavaunt achater 
ne prendre afcuns blees par au- 
tre mefure finon par viij. buf- 
felx rafez pur le quarter et qe 
hull ferroit tenuz autrement a 
deliverer pur le quarter finon 
viij. buflelx rafez pur le quarter 
come devaunt eft dit et auxint 
qe paiement ferroit fait prefte- 
xnent pur le cariage dicelles. 
Et qe fi afcun purveiour ou au- 
tre perfone dicelle temps ena- 
vaunt acehateroit ou purve- 
roit afcuns blees autrement ou 
par autre mefure finon viij. 
buflelx pur le quarter come 
avaunt eft dit & de ceo ferroit 
atteint averoit lenprifonement 
dun an & qil paieroit au Roi 
C. t. & a parte que fe fente 
greve autre C. s. & ceo atant 
dez foitz qe afcune de ceux de 
ceo ferroit atteint. Et qe la 
parte qe voudroit fuer averoit 
ent acftion founduz fur la cas. 
Et qe lez juftices de la pees 
duiflent avoir, poair denquerer 
& plee tenere dez touz lez cho- 
fes avauntditz & fur ceo de 
faire punifhement fibien al fuit 
de Roi come de parte. Et qe 
de celle temps enavaunt riens 
ferroit priz pur le mefurage 
dez tiels blees en afcune ma- 
nere. Et nient obftant afcuns 
ordenances & eftatutz fibien 
lez piftours & tous autres mar- 
chantz & achaitours deins le 
franchifes & cite de Londres 
come lez purveiours le Roi dez 
blees & touz autres march- 
auntz & jommunes achatours 
de blees en plufours citees vil- 
les burghes & countees dEng- 
Idterre continuelement de jour 
tn autre achatent & pregnent 

noef 



Jfatutes and ordinances made of 
meafures of comjbould be firmly 
holden and kept after the effeft of 
the fame ; (2) and that no pur- 
veyors of the King) nor of other, 
Jbould not after that time forth 
buy nor take any corn or other 
meafure, but by eight bujhels 
flriken for the quarter ; and that 
none Jbould be bound otherwife to 
deliver for the quarter but eight 
bujhels flriken for the quartet ', as 
before isfaid, (3) and alfo that 
payment Jhall be made prejently for 
the carriage of the fame. (4) And 
that if any purveyor of our lord 
the King) or of other perfon, from 
that time forward do buy or pur- 
vey any corn otherwife •, or by other 
meafure, than by eight bujhels 
flriken for the quarter x , as before 
isfaid, and of that be attainted* 
he Jhall have one year 9 s imprifon- 
ment, andjballpay to the King an 
hundred Jhillings, and to the party 
that feeleth him grieved another 
hundred Jhillings ; and that as of- 
ten as any of them Jhall be thereof 
attainted 5 (5) and that the party 
that will fue Jhall have thereof an 
aftion grounded upon the cafe. (6) 
And that thejujlices of peace Jhall 
have power to inquire and to hold 
plea of all the things aforefaid, and 
thereupon to ajpgn punijhment, as 
well at thejuit of the King as of 
the party ; ( 7) and that from the 
fame time forward nothing Jbould, 
be taken for the meafuring offucb 
corn in any manner. (8) And 
notwithjlanding tbejaid ordinances 
andjlatules, as well the bakers* 
and all other merchants and buy- 
ers within the franchise and city 
of London, as the King 9 s pur- 
veyors of corn, and all other mer- 
chants and common buyers of corn 
in many other cities, towns, 
boroughs, and counties of Eng- 
land, continually from day to day, 
do buy and take nine bujhels for 
the quarter, that is to fay, the ba- 
kers, 



189 



loo 



Anno undecimo Henrici VI 



Iters, buyers, and merchants with- 
in the city and franchifes ofl,on- 
A.meafure in don, by a veffel called the Fat, 

th^Fat Calrd whhh e ? ntainetb ei & ht M*& °f 
corn with another bujhel of corn 

put to that for a quarter, and 
make the fellers of the fame corn 
again/l their will to pay one half- 
petty for the meafuring of every 
quarter ', and all the other pur- 
veyors, buyers, and merchants of 
corn, nine bujhels flriken for toe 
quarter ', againjl the form of the 
faid ordinance and ftatute, and in 
contempt of our lord the King, for 
that the faid ordinances and Jla- 
tutes be not proclaimed nor put in 
execution, nor the faid penalties 
and forfeitures, limited by the faid 
ftatute, leviid according to the 
iffed of the fame ftatute. (9) 
Our faid lord the King, willing 
the fame ftatute and ordinance 
to be duly holden and kept, 
by the auent and authority 
above faid, hath ordained, 
That as well the faid ftatute, 
as the ftatute of weights and 
meafures, made at the pari i a- 
ment of our lord the King that 
now is, the eighth year of his 
reign, be proclaimed, as well 
in the city of London, as in 
all other cities, boroughs, and 
counties of England, and put 
in due execution after the form 
and effect of the fame; (10) 
joining to the faid ftatute made 
the faid eighth year, that in 
every city, borough, and town 
Thtre (hall be of the realm, there (hall be a 
a common bu- common buftiel fealed, and ac- 
cording to the ftandard of the 
exchequer, in the fame manner 
and fonn, and upon the fame 
pain, as in the fame ftatute is 
fpecified, and a common ba- 
lance to be in every fuch city, 
borough and town. (11) And 
that the mayor of the faid city 
of London, and all other mayors 
of all other cities and boroughs 

of 



A confirma- 
tion of the 
ftatute of 
1 H. 5.C. 10. 
& 8 H. d. c. 5 
touching 
weights and 
mealuies. 



fcel in every 

town. 

u H. 7. c. 4. 



t*433- 

noef buffelx pur le quarter cef- 
taffavoir lez piftours achatours 
& merchantz deins le fraun- 
chifes & cite de Londres par 
une veffell appelle le fat que 
contient viij. buffelx dez blees 
ove un autre buffell myz a icell 
pur une quarter & fount lez 
vendours dez ditz blees en- 
countre lour volunte de paier 
une maile pur le mefurage de 
chefcun quarter & tous lez au~ 
tres purveours achatours & 
merchantz dez ditz blees noef 
buffelx rafez pur le quarter 
encountre la fourme dez ditz 
ordenances & eftatuitz & en 
contempt du Roi a caufe qe 
lez ditz eftatuitz &ordenaunces 
ne fount my proclaymez ne 
myz en execution ne lez ditz 
peynes & forfaitures par le dit 
eftatuit limitez levez folonque 
lenfeel de mefme leftatut. 
Noftre dit feignur le Roi voil- 
lant mefmes Teftatuit & orde- 
nances eftre duement tenuz & 
fjarduz par affent & auclorite 
uifdftz ad ordene qe fibien les 
ditz eftatuitz come leftatuit 
dez poies & mefours faitz au 
parlement noftre dit feignur le 
Roi quoreft Ian de fon regne viij. 
foient proclaymez fibien en la 
dite cite de Londres come en 
tous autres citees burghes & 
countes dEngleterre & myz en 
due execution folonque la four- 
me & lenfeel dicelles adjouftant 
a dit eftatuit fait le dit an viij. 
qcn chefcun cite burgh ou 
ville du roialme foit une com- 
mune buflell enfeale & accord- 
ant a leftandard de lefchekker 
en mefme la manere & fourme 
& fur mefmes les peines come 
en mefme leftatuit eft fpecine 
de une commune Balaunce a 
eftre en chefcune tiel cite burgh 
ou ville. Et qe le mair de dit 
cite de Londres & tous autres 
mairs dez tous autres citees 

& 



H33-] 

& burghs dEnglcterre ou il y 
ad taair & tous baillifs dez 
citees k burghes ou mair neft 
& tous juftices du pees de chef- 
cun counte dEngleterre pur les 
temps efteant eit & eient plein 
poair de mettre tous lez fta- 
tuitz & ordenances avauntditz 
en due execution & de oire 
& terminere tous lez defautes 
mefprifions ofFenfes & trefoas 
encountre la fourme & lenfeft 
dez ditz eftatuitz & ordenances 
faitz ou affaires ou perpetrez 
fibien al fuit du Roi come de 
parte qen ceo cas fe fent greve 
et de chefcun autre lieges du 
Roi qen celle parte voili fuer 
pur le Roi et ceo fibien par 
examination dez parties ou af- 
cune deux folonque la difcre- 
tion dez ditz mairs baillifs & 
juftices de peas come par iflues 
a trier par inquifitions due- 
ment apprendre & autres plees 
et procefles de la ley de la terre 
et qe fibien la parte greve come 
chefcun liege de Roi qui fuer 
voill pur le Roi eit la fuit en 
ceo cas a fa volunte. Et qe 
celly qui iflint foit atteint daf- 
cune defaute mefprifion ofFen- 
fes ou trefpas fait encountre 
le dit eftatuit fait le dit an 
premer paie a cely a qui fute 
il foit atteint C. s. & lez colla- 
ges refonablez de fa dit fuit & 
au Roi autre C. s. Et qe (ibien 
le mair de Loundres pur le 
temps efteant apres ceo qil foit 
efluz mair & jure deins la dit 
citee a fon premer venue a lef- 
cheker devant le treforer dEn- 
gleterre & lez barons de lefchek- 
ker noftre feignur le Roi com 
Chefcune dez ditz autres mairs 
& baillifs en lours ferementz 
affairez pur lours ditz officts 
foit charge & jure de faire gar- 
der & executer tous leftatuitz 
fuifditz. Et qe tous lez mairs 
& baillifs dez citees & burghes 

du 



Anno undecimo Henrici VI. 



191 



of England where there is a 
mayor, and all bailiffs of cities 
and boroughs where there is 
no mayor, and all juftices of 
peace in every county of Eng- 
land for the time being, lhall 
have full power to put all the 
ftatutes and ordinances afore- 
faid in due execution, and to 
hear and determine all the de- 
faults, mifprifions, offences, 
and trefpafles againft the form 
and effed of the faid ftatutes 
and ordinances done, or to be 
done or committed, as well at 
the fuit of the King, as. of the 
party which in fuch cafe.feel- 
eth himfelf grieved* and of 
any other of the King's liege 
people, which in this behalf 
will fue for the King, and that 
as well by examination of the 
parties, or any of them, ac- 
cording to the difcretion of the 
faid mayors, bailiffs, and juf- 
tices ot peace, as by iflues tp 
to be tried, by inquifitions duly 
to be taken, and other pleas 
and procefles of the law of the 
land; (12) and that as well 
the party grieved, as any other 
liege man of the King, that 
will fue for the King, (hall 
have the fuit in that cafe at 
his will j £13) and that he that 
is fo attainted of any default, 
mifprifion, offence, or trefpafe 
done againft the faid ftatute 
made the faid firft year, (hall 
pay to him at whofe fuit he 
is thereof attainted, C s. and 
his reafonable cofts of the faid 
fuit, and to the King another 
Cs. (14) And that as well All mayor* 
the mayor of London for thej^^'j* 
time being, after that he itKLSJKS 
chofen mayor, and fworn with- forefaid ftat. 
in the faid city, at his firft touching 
coming to the exchequer be- wci S ht8 anA 
fore the treafurer of England* mcafurc, i 
and the barons of the King's 
exchequer, as every of the faid 
other 



19* Anno undecimo Henrici VL [*433- 

other mayors and bailiffs, in du roialme accoumptantz en 

their oaths to be made for their le dit efchequer facent annuel- 

faid offices, (hall be charged ment acompt en mefme lef- 

and fwofn to do, keep, and chekker dez profettes & for- 

execute all the ftatutes above faitures que apperteigner puif- 

^ d h acc °iSS t **"*• ( l $) And * at a11 thc ^ ent ou ^uiffent a ^ oi P* 1 " ' a 

acc^wl^ojthe mavors ancl bailiffs of cities forme dez ditz eftatuitz favant 

King by the anc * boroughs of the realm, tout foitz as feignurs cites & 

toreiaidltat. accomptable in the faid exche- burghs loures libertees et 

quer, do yearly accompt in the fraunchifes grauntez a eux par 

(aid exchequer of the profits noftre dit ieignur le Roi ou 

and forfeitures that may or afcune dez fez progenitours 

ought to pertain to our lord nient revokez repellez ou a- 

the King by the form of the nientz et favant tous foitz q'e 

faid ftatutes. (16) Saving al- le dit eftatuit fait le dit an 

way to lords, cities, and bo- premer de Roi Henry quint & 

roughs, their liberties and fran- tous autres eftatuitz des me- 

chifes granted to them by our fures & poies avaunt faitz ef- 

faid lord the King, or any of toient en lour force. 

his progenitors, not revoked, 

repealed, or adnulled ; ( 17) and faving always, That the faid fta- 
tute made the firft year of King Henry the Fifth, and all other 
ftatutes of meafures and weights afore made, ftand in their force. 

CAP. IX. 

Of what length and breadth cloths called Strtixs Jhall he. 

Ex edit. TTEM, Whereas a ftatute made in the feventeenth year of 

Pulton. X King Richard the Second after the conqueft, it was ordain- 

17 R. ». c. *. C( ^ That every man of the realm might make and fet to fale 
and fell cloths, as. well kerfies. as other, of fuch length and 
breadth as him pleafed, paying the aulnage, fubfidy, and other . 
devoirs, that is to fav, of every piece of cloth after the rate, 
notwithftanding any ftatute, ordinance, proclamation, reftraint 
or defence made to the contrary, (2) and that none fell nor 
put to fale any cloths before they be meafured by the King's 
-j c l0> aulneger, and enfealed with the feal thereunto ordained, upon 
pain contained in the ftatutes fliereof made, (3) and after in 
ftat. made inthefeventhyear of King Henry the fourth, grand- 
father of the lord the King that now is, it was alfo ordained, 
That the cloth of colour fhould contain in length eight and 
twenty yards meafured by the back, and in breadth fix quarters 
11 H. 4. c C. an( ^ a naif; (4) and if the cloth-makers fhould make their 
cloths of lefs length or breadth, they fhould be forfeit to the 
King. (5) And after by another ftatute made in the eleventh 
year of the reign of King Henry the Fourth, it was ordained, 
That proclamation fhould be made openly through the realm, 
that no perfon making fuch manner of cloths or dozens within 
the realm, ihould be fo hardy to tack and fold together fuch 
manner of cloths before that the aulneger hath made his fearch 
and furveying duly to the fame cloths, that they hold their 
length ana breadth, ordained by the faid laft ftatute made the 
faid feventh year as in the fame ftatute is more fully contained. 

(6) Upon 



|/| Anno undecimo Henrici VI. fpj 

Tpon which ftatutes made in the time of the faid King 
f the Fourth, divers opinions have been holden in the 
*s exchequer, as the fame our lord the King hath con- 




_ faid ftatutes before rehearfed, (hall have relation, and cloths it is 
be underftood of whole clbth called broad cloths and meant J " tho 
I dozens, and not of other cloths and pieces of cloths called J 1 ^ * ° c< io# 
j, now made, otto be made. (8) And moreover hath and 11H.4.C.J. 
nedand ftablilhed, That every man may make, fetto fale, What length 
ell all manner of cloths called ftreits, containing in length a " d ^h^al 
sen yards, and in the breadth one yard unwatered, or J ec J itrcft^hall 
welve yards watered, without impeachment of any officer contain!* 
5 King's, paying to the King the aulnage, fubfidies, cuf- 27 Kl.c, i8» 
and other devoirs, that is to fay, of every cloth, and of 
• piece of cloth, after the rate contained in the faid ftatutes. 
^nd if the makers of the faid cloths called ftreits, make any 
s to fell of lefs length and breadth than next above declared, 
hen it (hall be lawful to theaulneger to cut off the lift at the 
:nd of all fuch ftreit cloths, not containing the faid length, 
he fame to be fold for a remnant for a piece, and not for 
►th : (10) And that no fuch cloths be put to fale until die Cloths (halt 
iger hath meafured them, made his fearch, and put to notb ep« tto 
1 the King's feal thereto ordained, upon pain of forfeiture ^""^fcuj. 
z fame. ( 1 1 ) And if any.aulneger enfeal any fuch cloths cal- measured 
treits, not containing the length and breadth of the ftreits them, and put 
efaid, and cut not off the lift of all fuch cloths that do not afc al*o them, 
the faid length and breadth of the ftreits, that then the T ^ a t uln .^8 crt 
aulneger (hall pay to the King for every piece of cloth fo j^"^/ o?de- 
1 defective, fix (hillings eight pence: (12) except always fe£Hve cloth, 
all cloths called ftreits, made or to be made, until the day5 &6Ed .6x.6. 
e nativity of St. John the Baptift next coming, (hall have+ & 5 Ph - &M - 
ce to be fold and delivered until the feaft of Chriflmas then Q * A^ ,. c . 4 . 
enfuing, of whatfoevet length and breadth they be. , t w. 3". c. i«. 

CAP. X. 

hall find fureties, &c. that fuetb to defeat an execution 
upon aftatute. 

EM pur ceo qe diverfcz TTEM, becaufc divers perfons 

crfones deinz ceft roialme X within this realm in times paji 

unt cez houres fovent foitz often have been taken and arrefied 

efte priz & areftes par by divers fheriffs and other of- 

•fes vifcountes & autres fleers of the King y by writs as 

ftres de Roi par brefs if- well going out of the chancery of 

\ fibien hors de chauncery the King, as of his progenitors, t 

loi come de fez progeni- to have execution of divers re- 

5 pur execution avoir de eognifancesmade before the mayors 

rfez reoonifaunces faitz de- of the flaple, of divers Jums, of 

it lez mairs de leftaples de which fums fuch perfons, to whom 

rfez fommes dez quex fom- the duty belonged, had no corrje- 

icells perfones as quex la nient remedy, other than the faid 

01. III. duite O ex*- 



«94 



Anno undecimo Henrici VI, 



[*433- 



executions ; (2) which perfons* 
fo taken and arrefted for execu- 
tion of the fame recognisances* be 
oftentimes brought by divers writs 
De corpus cum caufa before the 
King in his chancery \ out of pri- 
fonsintbe which thy befo kept by 
force of fuch executions* and there 
they do foe, /hewing forth divers 
indentures, and other things in 
defea fence of fuch recognizees* 
defiring writs of Scire facias to 
warn the party or parties at whofe 
fuit they be taken and arrefted* to 
Cro.Cir.6j. anjwer thereunto * {%) and there- 
upon* by fur ety found to the King 
in the chancery* have been de- 
livered out of tirijon* notwith- 
Jlanding their faid ar re jl for the 
execution offuch recogmfances* as 
above is faid* no fureties found 
to the recognifees to whom they be 
fo bound to fatisfy them of their 
duties* in cafe that the matters 
comprised within the faid writs 
of Scire facias be not found nor 
adjudged for the recognitors there- 
by bound** (4) whereoy the faid 
recognijees have been fometime 
greatly delayed of their execution* 
and fometime their execution ut- 
terly lojl* and in time to come 
likely to be loft* for that no ad- 
vantage nor avail thereof might 
tome* be* or accrue to the faid re- 
eognifees to whom fuch perfons be 
fo bound by the faid furety fo 
bound to the King* feeing the 
fame perfon fo bound may by the 
Kings pardon be acquit and dif- 
ehargeafor ever. (5) Our lord 
the King confidering that the faid 
recognifees* to whom perfons be 
bou/id* are oftentimes without 
remedy* if fo be that the find re- 
cognifors would not purjue forth 
their faid tvrits of Scire facias 
. with effed* or othenvife* that 
the matters of the faid ivrits of 
Scire facias be found or adjudged 
again ft them* and thereupon they 
withdraw them to places privi- 
m 2 leged> 



duite appent nount remedie 
coveaable autre qe lez ditz 
executions lez quex perfones 
enfi prifez & areftuz pur lexe- 
cution de mefmes lez reconi- 
faunces fount fovent faitz venir 
par diverfez brefs de Corpus 
cum caufa devaunt le Roi en fa 
chauncery hors dez prifones es 
quex ils lount ifiint detenuz a 
caufe de tiel execution & illo- 
qes fuent en monftrantz di- 
verfez endentures & autres cho- 
fes en defaifaunces de tiel re- 
conifances enprifantz bref de 
Scire facias de gamier la partie 
ou lez parties a qui purfuit ils 
fount enfi prifez & areftuz a 
refpoundre fur icelles. Et fur 
ceo fuerte trove au Roi en fa 
chauncery ount efte deiiverez 
hors du prifone nient obftant 
lour de arefte pur {executions 
dez tielx reconufaunces come 
defuis eft dit nulle trovez as re- 
conufez as quex ils fount .ifiint 
obligez de eux fatefier dez lours 
duetees en cas qe lez maters 
compris deinz lez ditz briefs 
de Scire facias ne foient trovez 
ne adjuggez pur lez reconuf- 
fours enfi obligez parount lez 
ditz reconufeez ount afcun foitz 
graundement efte delaiez de 
lour execution & afcun foitz 
lour execution ent toutoutre- 
ment perduz & en temps avenir 
verifemblablement a perdue a 
caufe qe null avantage ou availl 
ent purra venir eftre ou acrefere 
as ditz reconufez as quex tiels 
perfones fount ilfint obligez par 
la dit fuerte enfi trovez au Roi 
pur ceo qe mefmes les perfones 
ifiint obligez par pardon de 
Roi purrount eftre quitez & 
difchargez par touts jours. 
Noftre feignur le Roi confide- 
rant qe lez ditz reconufez as 
quex perfones fount obligez fo- 
vent foitz fount fanz remedie 
fi enii fuit qe mefmes lez re- 

00- 



] 



Anno undcdmo Henrici VI. 



195 



urs ncmy voillont pur- 
'aunt les ditz breifs de 
arias ovcfque effeft ou 
lent qe le matere de lour 
riefs de Scire facias foit 
u adjugge countre eux& 
ils Toy retraihent as lieus 
ggez ou eux aloinent 
u roialme ou autrement 
\ my appergent iffint qe 
orps puiflent eftre myz 
ration a trefgraunde ar- 
lent & anientifement dez 
xronufez en temps aveig- 
Et auxi pur ceo qe le 



Uge&y or eloign them out of the 
realm, or elfe they would not ap- 
pear, fo that their bodies might 
be put in execution ; to the great 
hindrance and. undoing of fuch re- 
cognifees in time to come ; (6) and 
alfo becaufe that the King is in- 
herited 0} the taking o/fuch Jure* 
ties to himfelfby the courfe of the 
chancery; (7) the king doth 
will that from henceforth fuch 
fureties be made as well to thp 
King as to the party. 



Roi eft enheriteez de la prifez 
x fuertees a luy mefmes par la cours de fa chauncery 
voet qe tiels iiieitees defore en avaunt foicnt faitz fe- 
ent fibien a Roi come a parte. 

CAP. XI. 

mijhment of thofe that make affault upon any that conn 
to the parliament. 



He (hall find 
i'urety to the 
King and to 
the party that 
fueth to defeat 
an excution 
uponaftatut9 
Raple. 



M le Roi voillant pur- 
ier pur la efe & tranquil- 
\ eux qui viendront as 
lentz ou confels du Roi 
commaundement ad or- 
is eftable qe fi afcune 
>u afray foit fait a afcune 
r efpintuel ou temporel 
rr de counte citezin ou 
s venuz au parlement ou 
tfeill du Roi par fon com- 
lement & la eftcant & 
lant a parlement ou a 
nil qadonqes foit procla- 
1 fait par trois jours fe- 
en le pluis overt lieu 
ville ou laflaut ou affaire 
end fait qe la parte qui 
d affraye ou aflaute toy 
devaunt le Roy en fon 
deins une quarter dune 
res la proclamation fait 
t el temps du terme ou 
nent al profchein jour en 
np$ du terme enfuant le 
arteret fil ne face qil foit 
t de la fait fuifdit & paie 
rte greve fez damages a 
e a taxer par la difcretion 
iftices du dit bank pur le 
temps 



ITEM, the King willing to 
provide for the eafe and 
tranquility of them that come 
to the parliaments and councils 
of the King by his command- 
ment, hath ordained and fta-r 
blifhed, That if any affaujt or 
affray be made to any lord (pi- 
ritual or temporal, knight of 
the (hire, citizen or burgefs, 
come to the parliament, or to 
other council of the King by 
his commandment, and there 
being and attending at the par- 
liament or council, that then, 
proclamation (hall be made in 
the moft open, place of the 
town by three feveral -days, 
where the atfault or affray (hall 
be made, that the party that 
made fuch affray or . afiault 
yield himfelf before the King 
in his bench within a quarter 
of a year after the proclamation 
made, if it be in the time of 
the term, or otherwife at the 
next day in the time of the 
term following the next quar- 
ter; (2) and. if he &> #pt, 
that he be attainted of the laid 
P* ***** 



TheptmKh- 
mentof fucfc 
as do make 
aflault upon - 
any that com* 
to the parlia- 
ment, or other 
council ot'tk* 
King, to. 



196 Anno undecimo Henrici VI. ['433- 

deed, and pay to the party temps efteant ou par enqueft 
grieved his double damages, fil bofoigne & face fyn & raun- 
to be taxed by the difcretion ceon a la volume de Roi. Et 
of the juftices of the fame fil v eigne & trove foitcoupable 
bench for the time being, or par enqueft par examination ou 
by inqueft, if it be needful, en autre maner de tiel affaire 
and make fine and ranfom at ou aflaute paie il adonqes a 
the King's will ; (3) and if he parte enfi greve fez damages a 
come, and be found guilty by double trovez par enqueft ou 
inqueft, by examination, or a taxer par la difcretion dea 
otherwife, of fuch affray or ditz juftices & face fyn &raun- 
affault, then he (hall pay to ceon a la volume du Roi come 
the party To grieved his double defuis eft dit. 
damages found by the inqueft, 
or to be taxed by the difcretion of the faid juftices, and make 

•$H. 4. c# €. -g ne ^d j-anfom at the King's will, as above is faid. 

CAP. XII. 

What wax-ebandlersfhall Hike for their work of wax. 

Ex edit. TTEM, our faid lord the King hath conceived by the corn- 

Pulton. X plaint of the faid commons, That the wax-chandlers in 

divers parts of England* fell candles, images and figures, and 
other works of wax made for offerings, after the rate of a 
pound of wax for ijs. and more where one pound of wax is 
no more worth then vj d. whereby they gain in every pound of 
wax fo wrought xviij d. and more, by which means divers of 
the people be defrauded of their good intent and devotion, 
fuppofing fuch candles, images and figures, and other works 
to be of reafonable value, according as they pay for the fame* 
Where they be of none or little value : (2) And therefore our 
lord the King, willing for fuch deceit to provide remedy con- 
venient, hath ordained and eftablifhed, That no perfon (hall 
fell, nor put' to fale any fuch candles, images, figures and other 
How much works of wax, at more higher price, but only after the rate of 
waxchandlers the price of iij d more in the weight of a pound over that the 
may take for common price of a pound of plain wax is between merchant 
pound of wax artt * Merchant at the time of fuch fale or putting to fale, upon 
more than the pain to forfeit fuch candles, images, figures ami other works 
wax is worth, of wax fo put to fale, and the value of them that (hall be fold 
a|pinft,the form of this ftatute, and to make a fine to the King, 
if they be thereof duly attainted, or that it be found by exami- 
nation, or due fearch by weights, or in other manner, that 
thef have fold or put to fale any fuch candles, images, figures, 
Juftices of or other Works of wax againft the form of this ftatute . ( 3 ) And 
peace, mayors that the juftices of peace in every county where they be juftices, 
C Sfe!iid ^ a " ^ avc P ower *° cn< l l, i re hear and determine all things done 
m*y examine a g ail, ft this ftatute : (4) And that as well every juftice of peac* 
and puaiih in the county where he is Juftice, as mayors and bailiffs within 
offenders. the cities and boroughs, fte wards of lords within the franchifes 
• of their lords, (hall have power and authority to examine and 

. . ' l ; fearch as well by weights of fuch candles, images, figures, and 

other works of wax, as in other maimer by their difcretion, all 

them 



*433-l Anno undecimo Henrici VL 197 

them that any thing (hall hereafter do a^ainft this ftatute, and 

to punifh them that by fuch examination or fearch fhall be 

found guilty intheform abpvefaid. (5) Provided that this ftatutc Rep. 11 Tac.i. 

do not extend to hearfes to be made for oobles that do die. c . **. 

CAP. XIIL 
A confirmation for three years of the flat, of 8 Hen. VI. 
c. 18. that wool j &c. brought to Calais Jhall be fold for . 
ready money. 

ITEM, our faid fovereign lord the King, for the wealth of Ex edit Ratt. 
him and his realm, by- the advice and aflent of the faid 
lords, and at the fpecial requcft of his faid commons, hath 
ordained : That the good ordinance and ftatute made the viii. Wools, wool-* 
year of his reign, that is to fay, that the wools and woolfek and fels* andtin. 
tin, repairing and coming to the ftaple of Calms, (hall be < 
fold for ready money to be pud in hand. And that the bullion 
be brought in his mint there, that is to fay, of every farpler 
of wool fold for twelve marks and above, vi. pound of bullion, 
and of every farpler of wool fold under twelve marks, v. pound 
of bullion. And that lawful and due p^rtitioi^be made, ac- Bullion, 
cording to the ordinance there at this time, to endure from 
the feaft of the Annunciation of our Lady next to come, till the 
end of three years then next enfiiing. Saving always to our 
Ibvereign lord the King power and authority to modify the fame 
ftatutc when him pleafe, by the advice of his council, as it 
(hall feem beft to him for the profit of him and of his realm. 

CAP. XIV. 

It Jhall be felony to fhip or carry any merchandifes of tbt 

ftaple in creeks, during three years. 

ITEM, whereas the cuftoms and fubfidies granted to our 
fovereign lord the King be alloigned and withdrawn, as well 
Tor lack of good fearch in the ports and creeks within the realm 
of England, as by other crafty imaginations of divers perfons, 
Murrying merchandifes of the ftaple of Calais againft the form Merchandifes 
rf the faid ftatutes thereof provided and ordained. Our fove- of die ftaple* 
reign lord the King, by the advice and authority abovefaid, 
hath ordained and ftablrmed, That none upon pain of felony 
bring, carry, or fhip, nor caufe to be brought, carried, ndr 
(hipped, any fuch merchandifes of the ftaple in any creeks 
within his realm of England, againft the ordinance abovefaid. . 
And' this ftatute to endure till the end of* three years next en- • 
Cuing and no longer. 

CAP. XV. 
4 cuftomer Jhall dif charge the merchant that hath paid his 

cuftom. 

ITEM pur ceo qe noftre TTEM, for that our lord the 

feignur le Roi par une pe- ± King, by a petition to him 

tkidh a luy baillie en mefme le delivered in the fame parliament, 

[orlement par lez communes by the commons of the fame f for 

"> dicell O 3 the 



198 



difchargea 
merchant 
that bath 
paid hit cuf- 
tora. 



the merchants oftherealm* hath 

perceived^ That feeing the cufto- 

mers and controulers in the King's 

ports do tiot write any warrants in 

di (charge of the faid merchants of 

their merchandises by themfhewed 

and duly cujiomed, form as well 

coming into the realm, aspaffing out 

of the fame 1 the fame cullomers and 

controulers do embezzle the King's 

tuftomS) and the merchants be 

greatly hindered, becaufe that the 

warrants might plainly fhew and 

declare their due cuflom y when 

they be unduly impeached in the 

A cu&omerar King's exchequer: (2) the fame 

S ol Jf rou if r our ^ or & the King confidering 

waiSfto* the faid dcccits b y the advicc > 

aflent, and authority abovefaid, 
hath ordained, That the faid 
cuftomers and controulers 4hall 
write and deliver fufficient 
warrants, fealed with the feal 
of their office to that ordained, 
to the faid merchants, and to 
every of them, for ajl and e- 
very of their merchandifes eve- 
ry time by them to the cuftom- 
ers and controulers duly (hew* 
ed j (3) and that the faid mer- 
chants, nor any of them, (hall 
any thing pay for the faid war- 
rants, but only their due cuf- 
tom. (4) And in cafe that any 
cuftomer or controuler, in any 
of the faid ports, do the con- 
trary, that then every mer- 
chant fo grieved may have an 
action, by virtue of this ordi- 
nance, to purfue againft every 
cuftomer or controuler that 
doth the contrary in every 
court of record ; (5) and then 
every cuftomer or controuler 
fo attainted (hall forfeit to the 
King for every default ten 
pounds, and to the merchant 
thereby grieved, that will fue^ 
a hundred (hillings. 



Aano undecimo HfcNRici VL [*433* 

dicell pur le marchauntz du 



roialme ad entendu qe pur tant 
qe lez cuftomers & countrol- 
lours en lez portcs du Roi ne- 
fcrivent afcuns garraunts en 
difcharges des ditz marchauntz 
de lour merchandifes par eux 
monftrez& duement cuftomez 
afcuns fibien veignauntz en le 
roialme come pailantz hors di- 
celle mefmes lez cuftomers & 
countroullours embefilent les 
cuftumesdu Roi &lez ditz mer- 
chauntz fount eraundementan- 
ientlfez a caufe qe lez ditz ga- 
rauntz purroient overtement 
declarers monftrerlour duecuf- 
tome quant ils fount fovent non- 
duement enpechez en lefchek- 
kerduRoi.Mefmenoftre feignur 
le Roi confiderant lez ditz dif- 
feites tie lavis aflent & auclo- 
rite fuifditz ad ordeine qe lez 
ditz cuftomers & controllours 
efcrivent & dcliverent fuffici- 
antz garantz enfelez ovefqe le 
feal de lour office a ceo ordei- 
nez as ditz merchauntz & a 
chefcun de eux pur tous &. 
chefcune de lour merchandifes 
chefcun foitz par eux as ditz 
cuftomers & controllours due- 
ment monftrere mefmes lez 
merchantz ne null de eux rien 
paiant pur lez ditz garrantz 
mes folement lour due cuftome. 
Et en cas qe chefcun cuftomer 
ou countrollour en afcune des 
ditz pointes face le contrarie 
qadonqes chefcun marchant 
enli greve poet avoir action 
par vertue de cefte ordenance 
a purfuer envers chefcun cufto- 
mer ou controllour qi face le 
contrarie en chefcune court de 
recorde & adonqes chefcun 
cuftomer & controllour iflint 
attcint puifc forfaire au Roi' 

!>ur chefcun defaute x. Ik & a. 
e merchant enfi greve qi voill 
fuer C. s. 

CAP. 



1435*1 Anno dccimo quarto Henrici VL 199 

CAP. XVI. 

The penalty for fealing of a blank cocket to deceive the King 
of bis cuftoms. 

ITEM, forafmuch as our mod redoubted fovereign lord the Ex «d«t. Raft* 
King is greatly deceived of his cuftoms and fubiidies, of that Cuftrnnert. 
the cuftomers of the faid ports within the realm do feal blank j^J£ coc ~' 
fcrowls in parchment, called Blank cockets, with their feals de- 
puted to their offices, and them fo fealed do deliver to the mer- 
chants, for to enter and write in them their goods and mer- 
chandifes going out of the realm to the parts beyond the fea, 
the King not anfwered nor payed of his cuftoms and fubfidies 
of fuch goods and merchandifes. It is ordained, by the advice 
and authority aforefaid,That if any cuftomer feal any fuch blank 
fcrowl with the feal affigned to his office, or if any merchant 
enter or write, or caufe to be entered or written in fuch blank 
fcrowl or charter fo fealed, his goods or merchandifes, thereby 
to defraud our fovereign lord the King of his cuftoms and fub- 
fidies, then as well the fame cuftomer as the merchant (hall be 
judged to forfeit all his goods and chattels, as they (hould for- 
feit in cafe of felony. And that they and every of them (hall 
have the imprifonment of three years. And this ad (hall en- 
dure by three years next enfuing after the feaft of St. Hillary 
next coming. 



Statutes made at Wcjlminfter* Anno 14 Hen. VI, 
and Anno Dom. 1435. 

NOSTRE feignur le Roi /~\UR lord the King Henrv 

Henry le fifme apres le con- \<J the Sixth after the conquejt* 

queft a fon parlement tenuz a at his parliament holdenat Weft- 

Weftm* le x« jour dO&obre minftcr the tenth day of O&ober, 

Ian de fon regne qatorfzifme the fourteenth year ofhisreign 9 

de ladvis & affent des feignurs by the advice and aJJ'ent of the 

efpirituelx & temporelx & a la lords fpiritual and temporal* and 

efpeciale requeft des communes atthefpecial requejt of the com- 

du roialme en mefme le parle- mons of the realm* being in the 

ment efteantz ad fait faire di- fame parliament hath caufedto be 

verfes eftatutes & ordinances a made divers Jlatutes and ordi- 

lonour de Dieu & le bien de nances* to the honour of God* 

hiy & fon dit roialme en la and for the wealth of him and his 

forme enfuant. realm* in the form following. 

CAP. I. 

Juftices of Nifi prius may give judgment of a man attainted 
or acquitted of felony. 

EN primes noftre dit feignur T?IRST, our lord the King ijEd.i.ftat.% 
le Roy ad ordeine par JF hath ordained, by thee 30. 
-au&orite del dit parlement qe authority of the faid parlia* 

le$ O 4 ment 



200 

The juftices 
ofNifiprius 
have autho- 
rity to give 
judgment as 
well where 
one is attaint 
cd of treafon 
or felony, as 
where he is 
acquitted. 



Anno dechno quarto Henrici VI. *TH35' 



ment, That the juftices before 
whom inquifitions, inquefts, 
and juries, from henceforth 
(hall be taken by the King's 
writ called Niji prius, accord- 
ing to the form of the ftatute 
thereof made, (hall have power 
of all the cafes of felony and of 
treafon, to give their judg- 
ments as well where a man is 
acquit of felony or of treafon, 
as where he is thereof attaint • 
ed, at the day and place where 
the faid inquifitions, inquefts 
and juries be fo taken, and 
then from thenceforth to award 



Dy. i*«. 



Ex edit.Rafh 

Wools. 

Wuoifcls. 



Bullion. 



Calais. 



les juftices devaunt queux in- 
quifitions enqueftcs & jurres 
enavaunt foient prifez par brief 
du Roi de Nifi prius jouft la 
forme de leftatut ent fait eient 
poair en toutz cafez de felonie 
& trefon de rendre lour jugge- 
ment fibien lou hommc eft ac- 
quite de felonie ou de trefon 
come lou il eft ent atteint a jour 
& lieu ou les ditz inquifitions 
enqueftes & jurres ifllnt foient 
prifes & adonqes illeoqes de a- 
garder execution de eftre fait 
par force de jnefmes les juge* 
inentz. 



Staple. 



execution to be made by force 
of the fame judgments. 

CAP, II. 

Wools and fells Jhall not be exported but to Calais. Special . 
exceptions in favour of the King, and bis council, and the 
merchants 0/" Venice, Genoa, «&c. 

ITEM, forafmuch as the great number, quantity, and fub- 
ftance of the wools growing in the realm of England, by 
thefe three years paft by fhip, and in great jeopardy and doubt 
come to the town of Calais, there to be fold for ready money, 
whereof it behoveth the faid merchants fellers to receive upon 
every farpler a certain of bullion, to be brought to the 
King's mint at Calais, the which ready money and bullion after 
that they be forged and coined, and received by the faid mer- 
chants fellers, ought duly and equally to be diftributed and de- 
parted to every one after nis portion, to be fent into this realm, 
for the increafe and univerfal weal of the fame, by virtue of cer- 
tain ftatutes made in the parliament holden at IVeJlminJler the 
eighth year of our fovereign lord the King, and renewed in the 
parliament holden the eleventh year of his reign, which fta- 
tutes be ftraitly obferved and kept, as by fuch perfons, which 
by undue means do (hip wools in the creeks and other fufpici- 
ous places, and alfo in divers ports of the realm, and them 
carry to other places than to Calais, and alfo by fuch perfons, 
which in derogation of the univerfal weal of the realm, and in 
deftruclion of die good ordinance of partition, and in abate- 
ment of the price of wools, do purchafe licences for their An- 
gular avail to (hip wools to Calais, there to be fold before all 
other wools there being, and be not bound to keep the price, ' 
nor to receive no bullion, nor to make partition nor diftribu- 
tion of their money, in manner as all merchants of England 
there repairing be ftraitly bound to keep, do by ftatute afore- 
faid, by reafon whereof the faid merchants by the means and 
licences aforei^id be in point to be deftroyed, the (aid ftaple to 

be 



;.] Anno derimo quarto Henrici VI. 201 

iflevered and deftroycd, and confequcntly the faid town of 
s, which by the faid ftaple hath hitherto been greatly main- 
d and inforced, is like to be undone and loft, and the faid 
n in point to be greatly hindered and hurt, as the fame 

fovereign lord the King hath conceived by the griev- 
:omplaint to him made in the fame parliament by thecom- 
s of the fame : therefore the fame our fovereign lord the 
r, willing for the fame in this cafe to provide a remedy, by 
idvice of the faid lords fpiritual and temporal, and at the 
lication of the faid commons, hath ordained in the fame 
iment, that no fuch licence, which is fo prejudicial and 
rary to the common and univerfal weal of his realm, 1 
of his faid merchants, and in destruction of the faid town, 

the (aid ordinance or partition, and of the price of 
wools, (hall in no wife be granted. And that every 

which fhippeth, or doeth to be (hipped any wools or 
fels, to carry them over the fea in any wife, (hall repair 

the fame to Calais, and there difcharge and fell the faid 
s and woolfels, after the tejiour of the faid (latutes, and af- 
he good rule and ordinance of the faid ftaple, in mainte-s 
e and fuftentation of the fame, relief and increafe of the 
own of Calais, and for the public weal of this his realm of 
md. Saving always to our fovereign lord the King, power 
authority, to modify the fame ftatute when it (hall pleafe 

by advice of his council, according as to him beft (hall 
for the profit of him and of his realm of England. Saving 

the merchants of Genoa, Venice, Tufcany, Lombardy, Flo- 
and Catalonia, and alfo the burgeties of Berwick upon 

d, the liberties to them granted by a ftatute heretofore, and 
! other the King's liege people the benefit of licence to 
granted by the King by the advice of his council. ^ n.6. c£. 

CAP. III. 

re the jujiices of affife of Cumberland Jball bold their 
fejftons. 

ZM come par eftatut fait TTEM, whereas by a Jlatute 6R.X.C.5. 

1 temps le Roi Richard JL made in the time of King Ri- 
e foit qe les juftices d4ffi- chard the Second, it was ordain- 
rendre & gaoles deliverer ed, That the juftices ajfigned, and 
ez & afiigners teignerent to he ajfigned, to take affiles and 
feffions en les principalx deliver gads, Jball hold their fef- 
tiefs villes des (ingulefs fions in the principal and chief 
ees ceftaflavoir la ou les towns of every county, that is to 
:es dicelles countees alors fay, where the jhire-courts of the 
it ou delors ferroicnt te- counties heretofore were, and here- . 

loftre feignur le Roi voil- after Jhall be ho/den ; (2} our The jufticet 

nefme leftatut en le coun- lord the King willing the fame of the affife, 

^Cumberland eftre obfer- ftatute to be observed and kept in &c - of ^ 

: gardes confiderant qe la 'the county */ Cumberland, con- c^mSeriaod 

de Cardoill ell la princi- fidering that the city ^Carlifle is (hall hold their 

chief citee& ville du dit the principal and chief city and (eflionsatCar- 
coun- town^ c * 



20fc 



SH.5.C.4* 



Anno decimo quarto Hknrici VT. [ 1 43 5. 

town of 'the faid county, and in countee&enlaquellelacounte 
the which the /hire court of the de mefme la countcc ad eftee 



fame county hath been holden be- 
fore this time; hath granted 
and ordained, by the authority 
of the fame parliament, That 
the feflion of the juftices to 
take affifes and to deliver gaols 
in the county of Cumberland) 
be holden in time of peace and 
of truce, in the faid city ofCar- 
lijle, and in none other place 
within the fame county, as it 
hath been ufed and accuftomed 
of old time. 



tenuz devaunt ces hoeures ad 
graunte & ordine par au&orite 
de mefme le parlement qe la 
feflion des juftices daflifes pren- 
dre & de gaoles deliverer en le 
dit countee de Cumberland foit 
tenuz en temps de pees & des 
trieux en la dite citee de Car- 
doill St en null autre lieu ou 
place deins mefme le countee 
come il ad eftee ufe & accuf- 
tume dauncien temps. 



CAP. IV. 

The juftices of the -peace of Middlefex may keep their feflions 
but twice in the year. 

ITEM, whereas it was or- 
dained by ajlatute, *Ihat the 
juftices of peace of all the counties 



ITEM come ordine foit par 
eftatut qe les juftices de 



^/"England for the time being, 
Jballfit and hold their feffion four 
times by the year, to inquire and 
execute all charges contained in 
their commiffion, which they be 
jivorn to do according to the form 
of the faid Jtatute, upon a great 
pain, as by the fame jiatute more 
fully appear eth : (2) our lord the 
King, conftdering that all the high 
courts be fet and holden in the 
county of Middlefex, continually 
during all the four times of the 
term, by which times of term the 
commons inhabiting in and of the 
fame county, mujft attend from 
time to time to inquire of all the 
articles to the faid courts belong- 
ing* as reafon and law requireth, 
and that prefently after every of 
the faid terms ended, the faid 
juftices of the faid county do fit 
and hold their Jeffions in the fame 
county, as they ought to do, fy 
force of the fend Jiatute, more to 
avoid the faid penalty, than for 
any other neceffary thing there to 
be inquired, at which Jeffions they 
caufe to come before them a great 

part 



pees de toutz les countees 
dEngleterre pur le temps efte- 
antz feiront & tiendront lour 
feflions quatre temps par 
an pur enquerrer & executer 
toutz charges contenuz en lour 
commyffion le quell ils fount 
jurrez de faire folonc la forme 
du dit eftatut fur graunde peine 
ficome par mefme leftatut pluis 
pleinement appiert. Noftre fei- 
gnur le Roi confiderant qe 
toutz fes hautz countes fount 
affix & tenuz en le countee de 
Midd' continuelment durantz 
toutz les quatre temps de 
tenfte par les quelx temps de 
tcrme les communes & enha- 
bitantz en & de mefme le coun- 
te coviendront entendre de 
temps en temps denquerrer 
toutz les articles as ditz cour- 
tes appurtenantz come reafon 
& ley requiront & qe mainte- 
naunt apres chefcun des ditz 
termes fines les ditz juftices du 
peas du dit countee de Midd' 
feiont tiegnent lour feflions in 
mefme le countee come ils de- 
uflent faire par force du dit e- 
ftatuit 



14350 Anno decimo quarto Hznrici VI. 

ftatuit pluis pur cviter la dit part of the inhabitants and com- 



203 



peine qe pur afcun autre chofe 
neceflarie illeoqes deftre enquis 
a les quelles feffions ils fount 
faire venir devaunt eux zraunde 
partie des enhabitantz ot com- 
muners du dit countee deMidd' 
pur enquerrer des toutz ma- 
ners des chofes come lour fount 
donez en charge & ifiint ils 
fount vexez & chargez parmye 
tout Ian fibien hors le temps 
de terme come en le temps de 
terme fi qe ils nount afcun re- 
pofe ne temps de faire lour huf- 
bandriez & lour labour pur 
lour vivre en afcun maner gay- 
ner a lour final deftruftion his 
ne foient fqccurrez en celle 
partie. Et voillant purtaunt 
mefme noftre feignur le Roi en 
ceo cas lour purvoier de remc- 
die ad ordine par advis & aflent 
fuifditz & a la requeft des ditz 
communes du roialme qe les 
juftices du peas qore fount & 
toutz autres pur le temps de- 
fore >efteantz en le dit countee 
de Midd' foient tout outrement 
difcbargez de la dite peine par 
au&orite de mefme le parle- 
ment a toutz temps defore a- 
venirs la court du bank le Rot 
cfteant feant en le dit coun- 
tee de Midd'. Purveu toutz 
foitz qe les ditz juftices du 
peas del dit countee de 
Midd* pur le temps efteantz 
gardent obfervent & executent 
la courte des fei&ons du peas 
deux foitz en Ian au meyns & 
plufours de temps fil bofoigne 
par afcun riote ou forcible en- 
tre fait deins mefme le countee 
de Midd' & ceo fur le peine & 
forfeiture de tielx fummes come 
fount pur ceo ordinez par af- 
cun le fait devaunt ces hocures 
au.fyn & entent qe les ditz 
communes & enhabitantz del 
dit countee de Midd' ne foient 

artes 



mons oftbefaid county */*Middle- 
fex, to inquire of all manner of 
things as to them is given m 
charge ; and by that means they 
be charged and vexed throughout 
all the year, as well out of the 
time of term, as in time of term 9 
fo that they have no re/i, nor time 
to do their hujbandry and tbeit 
labour j to get their living in any 
wife, to their utter undoing if they 
be not relieved in this behalf . (3) 
Therefore the fame our lord 
the King willing in this cafin 
to provide for. them a remedy, 
hath ordained by the advice 
and aflent aforefaid, and at the 
requeft of the faid common* 
of the realm, That the juftices 
of peace which now be, and 
all other hereafter for the time 
being, in the (aid county of 
Middlefex, (hall be clearly dif- Thejuftketof 
charged of the faid penalty, by the peace in 
authority of the fame parlia- -JJlSj^ 1 
ment, from henceforth, the thcir K ^ imt 
court of the King 9 bench but twice ia 
being fet in the faid coun- the year, 
ty of Middlefex. (4) Pro- fav >* » ! n - 
vlded always /W^ m^gASSL 
juftices of the peace of the tries, 
faid county of Middlefex, fat 
the time being, keep, ob- 
ferve, and execute the court of 
the feffions of the peace, two 
times in the year at the leaft, 
and more often if need be, for 
any riot or forcible entry made 
within the fame county of 
Aftddlefex, and that upon the 
pain and forfeiture of fuch 
fums as he for that ordained 
by any law made before this 
time: to the end and intent 
that the faid commons and in- 
habitants of the faid county of 
Middlefex be not inforced nor 
compelled to appear before the 
juftices of peace of the fame 
county for the time being, but 

at 



304 



Anno dcdmo quarto Henrici VI. [1435; 

at fuch time which (hall feem artes ne compelles pur apparer 



by the difcretions of the fame 
juftices of peace neceflary and 
hehoofeful. 



devaunt les juftices du peas de 
mefme le countee pur le temps 
efteantz forfqe a tiel temps qi 
fembleront paries difcretions de 
mefmes les juftices du peas ne- 
ccflaries & bofoignables. 



Exedit.Pult. 



CAP. V. 

Merchandifes of the ftaple Jhipped in creeks Jball be for- 
feited 4o the King, 6JV. 

ITEM, it was (hewed to our lord the King by the commons 
of the fame parliament, That as well becaufe of undue fearch 
made in the ports and creeks within the realm upon divers per- 
fons, which by fubtil imaginations and means do (hip wool and 
woolfels, and feveral other merchandifes which ought to repair 
to the ftaple of Calais, and them carry and convey to divers o- 
ther parts beyond the fea, without paying cuftom, againft the 
tenor of the ftatute thereof made and ordained, by the which 
means the cuftoms and fubfidies granted to the King be great- 
ly impaired and decayed : (2) it was ordained by the King and 
all the lords fpiritual and temporal, and the commons in this 
prcfent parliament holden at Weftminfter, the eleventh year of 
our lord the King that now is, that none upon pain of felony, (hould 
carry nor (hip any fuch merchandifes in the ftaple in the creeks 
within the laid realm againft the ordinance aforefaid : (3) ncver- 
. ' thelefs, divers perfons having no fear of the, faid ftatute, -cuf- 
tomably (hip as well in the ports as in the creeks ?fore(aid, by 
undue means, great value of wools, woolfels, and of other mer- 
chandifes of the ftaple, and them carry into Flanders, Holland, 
Zealand, Brabant and Normandy, without paying any cuftom for 
the fame ; (4) and moreover, divers perfons do (nip cuftom- 
ably wools and woolfels, in divers parts of the realm of Eng- 
land, which be.cocketed and accuftomed to go to Calais, and 
come not there, but tbe fame wools and woolfels carry into o- 
ther parts aforefaid, contrary to the ftatute thereof ordained, by 
the which untrue means the King is greatly endamaged and de- 
frauded of his cuftoms and fubfidies, and the faid ftaple 
within fhort time in point to be clearly deftroyed, the town of 
An . Calais impoverifhed and decayed, and the realm not increafed : 
fflJFtfthc* 1 ' (S) our ' or ^ * e K" 1 ? confidering the premifles, hath ordained 
ftaple (hipped by the ftatute aforefaid, That all the wools and woolfels, and 
in creeks* all other merchandifes which by ftatute ought to repair to 
Aallbefor- - -•- '....* r . 



feited to the] 
King. 



the faid ftaple, found in any creeks, (hipped contrary to the 
faid ftatute and ordinance, (hall be forfeit to our lord the 
King : (6) and moreover, that every perfon whatfoever he 
be, which at any time (hall (hip or caufe to be (hipped any 
manner of wools, woolfels, and other merchandifes to go to 
the ftaple aforefaid, and come not there, (hall forfeit as 
much goods as the wools, woolfels, and other merchan- 
difes 



Merchandifas 
laid in fecret 
places by the 
water-fide 
to be tranf- 
ported, (hall 
be forfeited. 



* 435.] .Anno decimo quarto H&NRICI VI. 905 

difes by them fo (hipped and carried to other places than to 
Calais do amount, by extent after the very value, (except the 
rnerchandifes which be to he excepted to pafs by the King's 
licence to other places.) Referved always to the King 
the whole moiety of fuch forfeitures, which be cocketted 
and accuftomed to go to Calais* and come not there, as 
afore is faid ; and to them which find and feife the rnerchan- 
difes, the other moiety, without any diminution or abatement* 
(7) And if any perfon take any wools, woolfels, or any other 
merchandife of the ftaple, in any fufpicious place adjoining to 
the water-fide, in whatfocver place that it be, and no indenture 
thereof made betwixt him and the mayor, bailiff or conftable tof 
the town in the which fuch wools, woolfels, and other rner- 
chandifes of the ftaple, be fo layed, that then the fame wools* 
woolfels, and rnerchandifes be forfeit; (8) and that the King 
have one moiety of all fuch forfeitures, and the lords of the 
town where fuch rnerchandifes be fo layed, and he which them 
find and feife, the other moiety to be' equally divided betwixt 
them. (9) And every man (hall have power by authority a-# 
forefaid to make fearch in every place for. fuch goods of the fta- 
ple fo carried or (hipped, or laid to be (hipped, as afore is faid, 
without impediment or difturbance of any perfon. n H.6.C.14. 

cap. vi. .■; 

Nomjhall difturb an alien that bringetb in viBuals to fell in. 
grofs* or by retail. 

ITEM noftre fcignur le Roi 
enformez par Ies ditz cpm- 
munes coment en leftatuit fait 
Ian vje le Roi Richard nadgairs 
Roi dEngleterre feconde ordi- 
ne & accorde eftoit qe chefcun 
forein & alien efteant del ami-- 
ftee du Roi & du roialme & 
veniant deins la citee de Loun- 
dres & autres citees burghs & 
villes deins le dit roialme fi- 
bin deins fraunchife come de- 
hors ovefqe peflbn & autres 
vitailles qeconqes illeoqes de- 
murantz & retournantz ferroit 
deflors de foubz le fauf garde 
& efpecial protection du Roi 
& qe bien life a eux & a chef- 
cun de eux qils puiflent tren- 
cher peflbn & vitailx fuifditz 
par peces ic a tail ic a retaill 
en partie ou en tout ou en 
gros come meulx lour femble- 
ra vendre & lour profit faire 
feunz empechement ou con- 

trc 



TTEM,«r lord the King it in~ 5 r.*. c .io. 



formed by the faid commons* 
how in thejlatute made the ftxth 
year of King Richard the Second, 
late King ^/England, it was or- 
dained ana accorded* that every 
foreign and alien being of the a— 
mity of our lord the King y and of 
the realm* coming Ufithin the city 
^London, and other cities* bo- 
roughs* and towns within the faid 
real of England, as well within 
franc/fifes as without* with fi/b* 
and other vicluals whatfoever 9 
there abiding and returning* 
Jbould be from thenceforth under 
the fafeguard and fpecial protect 
tion of our lord the King* and thai', 
it Jbould be lawful to them* and 
to every of them* that they might 
cut fijb and vicluals afore faid by. 
pieces* and to tail and retail them, 
in part* and in whole* or in grofs* 
as they /hall t hint bejl* to fell and 
make tbeir profit, without im~ 
peddh 



206 



Anno decimo quarto Henrici VI. [*435- 
peachment or contradiction of any, tre dit de nuUy non obftantz 



The forfei- 
ture 4>f him 
who difturb- 
eth an alien 
bringing in 
▼i&uals to 
Jell them in 
grofs or by 
retail. 



9 £d.3.ftat.i. 

c.i. 

»7Ed.3.flat.i 

c.i. 

iiR.i.c.7* 



notwithftanding anyftatutes, char 
ters, ordinances, privileges, or 
cujloms made or bad to the con- 
trary \ (2) and thereupon by a 
Jiatute made the firjl year of King 
Henry the Fourth it was ordained 
and ftabhjhed, That the faid jia- 
tute and ordinance, made the 
fixth year, Jhould be firmly holden 
and kept and duly executed, after 
the form and effeft of the fame, 
notwithftanding any letters pa- 
tents of late granted to the fijb- 
tnongers of the city of London, 
as in the faid ftatute, made the 
firjl year, fully appeareth j by 
the fupplication of the com* 
mons aforefaid hath made, or- 
dained, and ftablifhed by au- 
thority aforefaid, That the faid 
ftatutcs (hall be firmly hol- 
den and kept, any other fta- 
tutes or ordinances made to 
the contrary notwithftanding ; 
(3) joined to the fame, That 
if any man difturb any foreign 
or alien to fell their fUh in 
grofs or at retail, in part or in 
whole, contrary to the faid 
ordinances, and thereof be 
duly attainted at the fuit 
of the King, or of the par- 
ty, that then he (hall forfeit 
xli. (4) And he that will 
fue for our lord the King, or 
for himfelf, (hall have the one 
half, and the King the other 
balf. (5) And fuch fuit (hall 
be taken for any offence com- 
mitted in the city of London a- 
gainft the faid ordinance, for 
,him which will fue for our 
lord the King, or for himfelf, 
ih what county that pleafeth 



afcuns eftatutz chartres ordi- 
naunces privileges ou cuftumes 
faitx ou ewes a contrarie & fur 
ceo par un autre eftatuit fait 
Ian primer le Roi Henri qart 
fuit ordinc & eftable qe les 
ditz ordinaunce & eftatuit 
faitz le dit an vj« ferroit ferme- 
ment tenuz & gardez & due- 
ment executz folonc la forme 
& effect dicelles nient contri- 
fteantz aicuns lettres patentex 
nadgairs grauntz au contrarie 
as pefToners le Loundres come 
en le dit eftatuit fait le dit an 
primer pleinement appiert a la 
fupplication des ditz commu- 
nes ad ordine k eftable par 
au&orite fuif he qe les ditz 
eftatuitz foient fermement te- 
nuz 5i gardez afcuns autres e- 
ftatutz ou ordinaunces faitz au 
contrarie nient obftantz Ajou- 
ftantx a icell qe (1 afcun hom- 
me deftourbe afcun forein ou 
alien de vendre lour peftbns en 
groos ou retaille en partie ou en 
tout au contrarie dez ditz ordi- 
naunces & de ceo foit duement 
atteint al fuite de Roi ou de par- 
tie qadonqes il forfera xl. li.'& 
celuy qi voudra fuer pur le Roi 
ou pur luy mefmes avera lune 
moitee&le Roi lautre moitee& 
foit tiel fuyte pris pur afcun of- 
fenfe fait en la citee de Loun- 
dres encountre le dit ordinance 
pur celuy qi veudra fuer pur le 
Roi ou pur luy mefmes en quel 
countee qe luy plerra des coun- 
tees de Midd' Hertf* Effex 
Kent' Surr' ou en la cittee de 
Loundres. 



county 

him, of the counties of Middlefex, Hertford, Effex, Kent, Surrey^ 
or in the cky of Loudon. 



CAR 



1 435-1 Anno decimo quarto Henkici VI. 207 

CAP. VII. 

Mercbandifes taken infkip of the King's enemies, though be- 
longing to foreigners in amity with the King, Jhall not he 
reftored. 

ITEM, our fovereign lord the King, conjidering by the grievous Ex edit. Raft* 
complaint to him made by the laid commons, how that the aliens of£i eat% 
the King's amity do freight and charge the /hips and other vejjils of l **" 
(the enemies of our fovereign lord) the King ofS\*a\ti, which thing 
dothfupport and greatly enforce the money of the faid enemies , and aU 
fo it is thejlronger mean that enforceth them of Rochel, and divers 
other of the King's adverfarics. And if it happen that any Jhips or 
veffils of the faid enemies, with any merchandises fo charged be taken 
by the King's Kege people upon the fea, the faid aliens of the amity a- 
forefaid, by colour offalfe charters, doubles, letters of marque coun- 
terfeited, and falfe witnejfes of their nation, claim and demand the 
goods and mercbandifes of the faid enemies, fo taken upon thefea, as 
their proper gdods, and the fame goods ana mercbandifes be reftored, 
to the great hindrance of them which they have taken, and abajbment 
of the courage of the faid liege people: and forafmuch as our fove- 
reign lord the King willing therefore to provide a remedy, hath 
granted and ordained by authority aforefaid : infomuch that it 
is not contrary to the league made betwixt him and fome of his 
allies, That if it happen that any merchandifes of the aliens of 
the amity aforefaid be taken by the faid lieges after the feail of 
Saint Michael the archangel, next 'coming, or any fliips or vef- 
fels of the faid enemies of our fovereign lord the King, not be* 
ing under the King's fafe condu<5l or protection, that then the 
faid lieges may them retain and enjoy without any impeach- 
ment or reftitution thereof to be made : and this ordinance (hall 
endure by three years next enfuing, and longer, if it pleafe our 
faid fovereign lord the King. 

CAP. VIII. 

The ftatute of 2 Hen. V. ftat. 1. cap. 6. touching 

breakers of truce, fufp ended. 

ITEM, whereas it was declared and ordained by a ftatute made Trues. 
the fecond year of King Henry the Fifth, forafmuch as before the 
faid ordinance, divers people comprfed within the truce, as well made 
by the faid late King as by his father, grandfather to the King that 
now is, and other alfo having fafe conduits, as well of the faid late King safe coadu&t» 
Henry the Fifth, father to our faid fovereign lord, as of his fatd 
grandfather, fome have been flain, robbed andfpoiled, by the Kings 
liege people andfubjeils, as well upon the main fea, as within the 
ports and coafls of the fea of the realm ^England, Ireland, and of 
Wales, whereby the faid truce and fafe conducts have been broken and 
offended, to the great dijhonour and Jlandcr of the King, and again/1 
his dignity, and the faid manfijyers, robbers, cndfpoUers, and offend- 
ers of the faid truce and the Kings fafe conduits, as afore is declared^ 
have been by divers the Kings luges andfubjefls within tfie coafts of 



2e8 Anno decimo qirinto Henrici VI. [1436. 

divers counties received, abetted, procured, counfelled* hired, flvflain- 
ed, and maintained : that fuih flaying, robbery, breaking of fuch truce 
and the King's fafe conduces, and wilful receipt, abettment, procure- 
ment, counfel, hire, fuflenance, and maintenance of fuch per /ins to be 
made in time to come, by the King's lieges and lubjecls within the 
realm ^England, and of Ireland, and of A Vales, or upon the main 

Treafoa. fea, /hall be adjudged and determined for high treafon, done againjl the 
crown and the Kitygs dignity : our fiver eign lord the King, conjider- 
ing the pains contained and fpecified in the faid Jlatute, befo rigorous 
and grievous againjl his liege people andfubjeSts, and them fo Jlraitiy 
do bind, that the King's odverfaries and enemies be greatly encouraged 
and comforted to make ivar againjl the faid liege people: and many of 
the faid liege people and fubj eels, as well upon the main fea and coajls 
of the fea, as. in the marches of the realm of England, oftentimes, 
have been fome robbed, and feme fpoiUd, and feme pain, where- 
by many of the fame lieges, inhabiting in the marches and coajls 
afore laid, be greatly Inndered and impoverijhed, and in point to be 
finally dejlroyed: and the mariners and merchants of the King to pafs 
upon the fea with their Jbips andveffels with their merchandifes, or 
otherwife to make war for the fafeguard of the fea, be greatly dif- 
couraged and abajhed, and the navy of the realm in point to be de- 
jlroyed, and the faid merchants clearly dif comforted, to do to be re- 
newed any Jbips or vejfels: hath ordained, by the advice, aflent 
and authority aforefaid, That none of the faid lieges and fubjecls 
.of the King, by force of the faid ftatute, for nothing by him at- 
tempted, dqne or to be done againft the form and tenon r of the 
faid ftatute, within feven years next enfuing, after the faid tenth 
day of October, be in any wife punifhed, impeached, molefted, 
or grieved, by force of the faid ftatute, nor (hall incur no 
pain for the fame otherwife than he ought before the making the 
faid ftatute. But that he, his heirs and executors of all things and 

*o H. . c. 11. p^ ns conta i ne( j- arK i fpecified in the faid ftatute, as by force of 
the fame ftatute, becaufe of any offence done during the time 
aforefaid againft our faid fovereign lord the King, hi* heirs and 
fucceflbrs, be clearly quit and difcharged for ever. 

Statutes made at Weftminfler, Anno 15 Hen. VI. 
and Anno Dom. 1436. 

AT the parliament holden at "^JOSTRE foverain fcignur 

Weftminfter the one and JlN le Roy Henry le fifme 

twentieth day of January, the apres le conqueft a fon parle- 

fiftecnth year of the reign of King ment tenuz a Weftm* le xxje 

Henry the Sixth after the con- jour de Januaire Ian de fori 

quejl, by the advice and ajfent of regne xvme de ladvis & aflent 

the lords fpiritual and temporal, des feignurs efpirituelx & tem- 

andat the fpecial inflame and.re- porelx & a lefpecial inftance & 

quejl of the commons of the realm ; requcfte de les communes du 

the fame our lord the King hath roialme en mefme le parlement 

eaufed to be ordained certain fta- efteantz ad fait ordoinez & ef- 

tutes to the honour of God, and tablicg certeins ftatutz & ordi- 

the nance* 



5.] AnnodedmoxjuintoHENRici VI. 

:cs al honour de Dieu & le the profit of him and his realm, 
& profit de luy & de fon in the form following: 
oialme en la fourme qen- 



209 



CAP. 1. 

re in a fuit before the marfhaU the defendant may pleadi 
that the plaintiff or tfe are not of the King's houfe. 

tf primes pur ceo qe les 

fenefchall & marefchall 

oftell du Roy & lour de- 

:s avaunt cez heures ount 

I devaunt eux plees de 
: detenu & autres plees per- 
x moevez parentre gentz 
: furent de mefme loftell en 
recorde faifantz mention 
s pleintifs & defendants de 
tie les plees furent del dit 

II & a lez parties defen- 
i en mefmes les plees ne 
rent lour chaleng & exeep- 

par eux aleggez qe ils 

les ou les pleintifs en mef- 

les fuites ne fount pas de 

ne loftell encountre les leys 

atuts cnt avant ces heures 

k faitz parount divers des 

> noftre dit feignur le Roi 

, court devaunt lez ditz 

:hall & marefchall tenuz 

it foitz encountre le leie 

: grevoufment vexez & 

ublez a lour graunde da- 
te anientiflement. Noftre 

ignur le Roi les premises 

derez ad ordeine par auc- 

: de mefme le parlement 

1 chefcun feurte defore e- 

jnt pur les defendants ap- 

e ils ne foient eftoppes par 

ecorde a dire quils mef- 

ou lez pleintifs en mefme 

orde efpecifiez nc furent 

tnps du dit plee ou fuit 

nence del hoftell du Roy 

par mefme le recorde eft 

>fe eins eient lez ditz de- 
nts loure averement a dire 

nefmes ou les ditz plein- 

L. III. tifs 



F^IRST, Becaufe that &*****•"* 
fleward and mar/bal of the 
Kings houfe and their deputies 
before this time have holden be- 
fore them pleas of debt , detinue r 
and other pleas perfonal moved 
betwixt people which were not of 
the fame houfty making mention 
in their records^ that the plain- 
tiff's and defendants of the fame 
pleas were of the [aid houfe y (2) 
and do not allow to the parties 
defendants in the fame pleas their 
challenges and exceptions by them 
alledged 9 that they themfetves y or 
the plaintiffs in the fame fuits> be 
not of the fame houjes, againjl the 
laws andflatutes before this time 
had andfnade y whereby divers of . * n 
the King's liege people in his court 2™-*-**-* 
holden before the faid fteward and i 3 R.iiftat. u 
marjhal oftentimes againjl the law c. a. 
be grievoufly vexed and troubled to 
their great damage and hindrance* 
(3) Our faid lord the King, In a fuit corti- 
confidcnng the premifles hath S~SSf 
ordained by authority of the ^ e King's 
fame parliament, That in every houfe, the de- 
furety from henceforth for the fendant fo»U 
faid defendants to be taken, ^^jSf 
they (hall not be eftopped by Sit thepSSL 
fuch record, to fay that them- tiff or he are 
felves, or the plaintiffs in the not of the 
fame record fpecified, were not K" 1 *'* houfiN 
at the time of the faid plea or 
fuit thereof commenced, of the 
King's houfe, as by the fame 
record is fuppofed; (4) but the 
defendants (hall have their 
averment to fay, That they 
themfelves, or the faid plain- 
tiffs, were not of the lame 
P houfe 



a ia Anno decimfc quinto HenricI VI. [ 1436, 

houfe at the time of fuch pica tifs ne furent de mefme loftell 
or fuit commenced, the faid re- a temps de 4 tiel plee ou fuit 
cord or other matter within the commence le dit records ou 
fame contained notwithftand- afcun matier deinz icell can- 
ing, tinuz nient obftant. 

CAR II. 

Corn being of [mall price, viz. wheat at fix fallings and 
eight pence 1 and barley at three Jhillings the quarter \ may 
be carried forth of the realm without licence. 

£. ed"t Raft. T'T'EM, forafmuch as by the law it was ordained, that no 

Corn. l * ' -■* man might carry nor bring "corn out of the realm of England 

soH.6.c.6. without the King's licence, for caufe whereof farmours and 

altered by other men which ufe manurement of their land, may not fell 

ijac.i.c.*5& their corn but of a bare price, to the great damage of all the 

aijac.x. c.*8. rca j m . Q ur fey f OV ercign lord the King, willing in this cafe 

to provide remedy; hath ordained by authority aforefaid, That 

it (hall be lawful to every perfon to carry and bring corn out of 

England, and the fame to fell to whatfoever perfon that he will, 

except all only to the King's enemies, as often and as long as a 

quarter of wheat or barley is fo (hipped : And that without 

luing any licence for the fame* All other ftatutes before this 

time thereof made to the contrary notwithftanding. Provided 

always, That the King be contented of his cuftoms and money. 

And this ordinance (hall endure till the next parliament. 

CAP. III. 

What things be requifite to make afafe conduit effectual 

ITEM, fVhercas our laid lord TTEM par la ou noftre dit 

the King of late hath granted JL feignui* le Roi nadgairs a- 

bis letters of fafe conduit to cer- voit graunte fes lettres de fcuf 

tain perfons to come and ro in and conduyt as certeins perfons 

out of the realms and feigniories pur venir & aler en & hars de 

of England, France, and Ire- les roialmes & feignuries dEng- 

Iand, witfr certain number of leterre Fraunce & Irlonde o- 

Jhips charged with their merehan- vefqe certeinc nombre des 

difes, and that faith and credit niefs charges ovefqe lour raar- 

Jhould as well be given to the copy chandifes & qe foie & credance 

called Vidimus, fealed under the ferroit done fibien a la copie 

feals authentick and approved, as appellezVidimusenfealezfoubt 

to the original of the Jaid letters \ fealc*s autentiques & approvez 

(2) one John de Gautier, one come al originall de lez dit* 

of the perfons aforefaid, granted lettres un John le Gautier un 

and delivered the Vidimus of the de les perfons defuifditz graunta 

feud fafe conduit to fuch ana to as & delivera le Vidimus du dit 

many as him phafed, fealed with fauf conduyt as tielx & as 

the feci of him that calleth himfelf tauntz come luy pluift cnfeales 

King ^France, under the colour foubz le feale celuy qi foy ap- 

of which Vidimus a great navy pclle Roy de Fraunce loubz 

ef the adverfe part was affembled, umbre de quel Vidimus via 

and did take m>9 Jbipsy and the grauade navte de la partk arf- 

King's -, vcrferit 



H3&-) Anno decimo quinto Henrici VI. 

Verfarie fuift affemble & prift King's liege people and virtual, to 



?*t 



plufours niefc & lieges du Roy 
& vitailla lezvilles & fortrefles 
de les parties adverfaries a 
graunde damage du Roy & 
de fez lieges fuifditz fi come 
noftre dit feignur le Roy 
a la grevoufe compleint a luy 
en fait par les ditz. communes 
lid pleinment entenduz mefme 
noftre feignur confiderant lez 
graundes inconvenientz queux 
purroint efchier par tielx & au- 
tres qi malement ufent fez let- 
tres de fauf conduyt & qe foubz 
umbre de tielx Vidimus tout 
un entier navie des adverfaries 
poet eftre umbrez & joume* 
ttient vitailler eftofFer & refref- 
iher lour partie en graunde da- 
mage de fez roialmes & fpe- 
cialment de le roialme dEng- 
leterre voet doner en com- 
maundement a les gardeins de 
ks graunde & prive fealx qils 



the towns and fortreffes of the ad- 
verfaries > to the great damage of 
the King and of the liege people 
aforefaid, as our faid lord the 
King) at the grievous complaint to 
him made by thejaid commons in 
the faid parliament, hath per* 
ceived: (3) The fame our lord 
the King, confidering the great 
inconveniencies which might 
enfue by fuch and other which 
do evil ufe his letters of fafe 
conduct, and that under colour 
of fuch Vidimus a whole navy 
of enemies may be coloured, 
and daily victual, fluff, and re- 
frefli their party, in great da- 
mage of his realm of England, 
doth will, and hath command- 
ed by the authority aforefaid, 
to the keepers of his<great and 
privy feal, that they (hall not 
fuffer fuch claufe or Vidimus to 
be put in any fafe conduct 



The claufe 

not be put in 
a fafe conduit, 
unlefs upon 
fome fpcciai 
caufe. 



ne (oeflfrcnt pas tiel claufe de from hencefortn to be granted, 
Vidimus eftre mys en null fauf unlefs it fo be, that fome great 



conduyt a grauntiers de cy 
enavaunt fil ne iflint foit qe 
afcun graunde ou notable caufe 
ou matier moeve mefme noftre 
feignur le Roy pur ceo tielment 
grannter. Et voet auxi par 
au&orite fuifdite qe en toutz 
fauf conduyts de cy enavaunt a 
graunterz a afcun perfon ou per- 
sons les nouns de iceux de les 
njefs & de les maiftres & le no- 
umbre de mariners ovefqe lepor- 
tage des niefs foient expreflez. 

CAP. 



or fome notable caufe or mat 
ter move the fame our lord the 
King to grant the fame in fuch 
wife ; (4) and willeth alfo, that 
in all fafe conducts to be grant- 
ed from henceforth to any per- 
fon or perfons, the name of 
them, of the (hips, and of the 
mailers, and the number of the 
mariners, with the portage of 
the (hips, (hall be expreffed. 



IV. 



What things 
are reauifite 
to be interted 
in a fafe con- 
duct to make ' 
it effectual. 
18 H. 6. c. 8. 
10 H. 6. c. 8. 
14 Ed. 4. c. 4* 



None Jhall fue a Subpoena until be find fur ety to fatisfy tie 
defendant bis damages, if be do not verify bis bill. 

yTEM pur ceo pie diverfesper- TTEM, for that divers perfons Mr. Cay ob- 

A have before this time been great- fcrves that 
ly vexed and grieved byivrits af this chapter 
Subpoena, purchafedfor matters l ^^ a 
determinable by the common law 
of this land, to the great damage Bfo 



JL fines one avant cez heurez ejle 
graundement vexes et grevez per 
brief es de fub pena purchaces pur 
matier s determinable per laco- 
SHen ley de ceJl terre, a ground 
Jamagede tielx perfonez iffint vex- 
*s,enfubvtrfwntt impediment de 

la 



con- 



offiuh perfons fi vexed, in fub- fcfe^ 
verfion §nd impediment of the 
y.2 com* 



jfitia 



Anno cieclmo quinto Henrici VI. [(43& 

common law afore/aid; (2) our la comen ley fuifdite; noftrefeig- 



No perfon (hall 
fue forth a 
Ihibpcena un- 
til he find fu- 
my to fatisfy 
the defendant 
hit damages 
andcolh,ifbe 
do not verify 
hi* bill. 



lord the King doth command, 
That the ftatutes thereof made 
(hall be duly obferved accord- 
ing to the form and efFe<a of 
the fame, (3) and that no writ 
of Subpcena be granted from 
henceforth until furety be 
found to fatisfy the party fo 
grieved and vexed, for his 



nur le Roy voet que les eftatuitz 
entfaitz foient duement gardes f<H 
loncque lafourme et effeft diceues; 
et que null brief e defub penajrit 
graunte de cy enavant, tanque 
feurtee frit trove, purfatisfiir la 
partieenfy grave et vexe pur fes 
damages et expenfes, Ji iffint frit 
je le matter ne poet pas eftre fait 



Sieved ana vexed, for nis qe le matter ne poet pas ejtretai 
m&es and expences, if fo be ion quele eft contenus en la bilk. 
that the matter cannot be made 
s7R.ft.c6. good, which is contained in 
the bill. 

CAP. V. 



tVhat fort ofperfons may be 

ITEM our lord the King con- 
ftdering that the trial of life 
and death, of lands and tenements, 
goods and chattels of every per f on 
of his liege people of this realm, 
touching matters in deed, by the 
law of the fame realm remain and 
ftana, and daily is very likely to be 
had and made, by the oaths of 
inquefts of twelve men duly fum- 
tnoned in his courts ; (2) and alfo 
that the great fearlefs andjbame- 
lefs perjury, which horribly con- 
tinue h, and daily increafeth in the 
common jurors of the /aid realm, 
is moll likely to tend to the great eft 
tnifchief which may fall to the 
/aid realm ; (3) and that it is to 
be fuptofed, by reafon that the 
morejufflcient that men be of lands 
and tenements, the more unlikely 
they are to be drawn or moved to 
perjury by brocage, power, or 
corruption*, (4) and that in every 
aclion and writ of attaint at the 
leaft there mujl be thirteen defen- 
dants, unlefs that the death of any 
caufe the contrary, (5) of which 
thirteen defendants every per f on by 
the law may have a feveral plea 
and anfwer, triable in whatfoever 
county that him pleafeth oftbefaid 
realm, (6) and every of the fame 
thirteen pleas and anfwer s triable 
tut of the county in which the 
affion 



impanelled upon an attaint. 

ITEM noftre dit fetenur le 
Roy confiderant qc le trial! 
de vie h de mort terres & te- 
nementz biens & chateux de 
chefcun perfon de fes lieges di- 
cede roialme touchant matiers 
en fait par le leie de mefme le 
roialme remaigne & eftaa & de 
jour en jour verifemblablement 
eft pur eftre eue & fait par fes 
ferementz des enqueftes de xij. 
hommes duement fummones 
en fez courtes et auxi qe les 
graundes pourlefle & inhonu- 
teffe perjurie qe orriblement 
continue & journement encrefle 
en les communes jurrors du 
dit roialme a la pluis graunde 
verifemblable mefchief qe puis 
cheier al dit roialme et qil eft a 
fuppofer par refon qe le pluis 
fufficiantz qe hommes foient 
des terres & tenementz le pluis 
nonfemblablement ils fount a 
eftre tretez ou moevez a perjure 
par brocage poure ou corrup- 
tion & qe en chefcun altion & 
brief dateint au meyns y faut 
eftre xiij. defendantz fit ne foit 
qe mort dafcuny de eux caufe 
le contrarie des queux xiij* de* 
fendantz chefcun perfon par la 
leie poet avoir feverall plee & 
refponfe triable en auecounqe 
countce qeluy pleaft del rpialpie 
avaunt 



"143^-1 Anno decimo quinto Henrici VI. 
avauntdit & chefcun de icelles a&ion and writ of attaint isfued* 



2J3 



xiij. plees & refponfes triables 
hors del countec en quel ladtion 
& brief dateint eft purfue cau- 
fera la delate de la prife de 
graunde jure da eint jefqes au 
temps qe chefcun des ditz fo- 
reins feveralx refponfes foit trie. 
Et tout foit qe toutz iceux xiij. 



doth caufe the delay of the taking 
of the grand jury of attaint , until 
the time that every of the faid 
foreign feverai anfwers be tried. 
( 7 ) And although that all theft 
thirteen feverai anfwers and pleas* 
every one after other* to caufe 
more delays* be pleaded* tried* and 



foreins feveralx refponfes oc found againfi thefe thirteen de- 
plees chefcun apres auter pur fendants* they themfelves have m 



caufer plufours delaies foient 
plees tries & trovez countre 
iceux xiij. defendantz ils nount 
afcun prejudice par icels ne les 
pleintifs en les ditz actions & 
briefs dateintz null autre 



prejudice by the fame* nor the 
plaintiffs in the faid aftions and 
writs of attaint no other advan- 
tage, but that tht King's court 
then Jhall proceed to the taking of 
the faid grand jury* which hy 
vauntage mes qe le court du fubtilty that daily ihcreafeth may 
Roy adonqes de proceder a la caufe the delay of the plaintiffs m 



a- 



priie du dit graunde jurie la 
quell par fubtilitee qe de jour 
en iour encrefce purroit caufer 
la delate des pleintifsen les ditz 
actions & briefs dateint par x. 
ans ou pluis par commune es- 
timation ad ordeine par laudo- 
rite avauntdite pur partie de 
remedie de la mefcheef fuifdit 
qe null vifcount baillif du fran- 
chife ne coroner en adtions ou 
briefs dateint du plee du terre 
dannuell value de xl. s. ou pluis 
ne daftion de detenue des faitz 
concernants terres & tene- 
ments de femblable value ou 
{>luis ne de pice perfonell dount 
ejuggementde recoverer ex- 
tende a la fomme de xl. li.' ou 
pluis retourne ne empanell en 
null inquifition ne enqueft nul- 
les pcrfones mes ceux enhabi- 
tante dedeins fa bailie queux a 
cell temps eient eftate a lour 
propre opes ou ceux as queux 
oeps autres perfons ount eftate 
defee fimplee fee taill ou frank 
tenement en terres & tenements 
dannuell value de xx. li' ou 
pluis dedeins fa bailie hors del 
auncein demefne les cynk por- 
ts* & tenure de gavelkynde ne 
meindre* 



the faid off ions and writs of at- 
taint by ten years or more* by 
common eftimation; ($) hath or- 
dained by authority aforefaid, What Tort of 
for part of the remedy of the perfontandpf 
faid mifchief, that no fheriff, "hat fuffia- 
bailiff of franchife, nor coro- £!££■" 
ner, in anions or writs of at- panelled in" 
taint of plea of land, of the juries upon an 
yearly value of xl. s. or more, attaint* 
nor adtion of attaint of deeds 
concerning lands or tenements 
of like value, or more, nor 
perfonal, whereof the judg- 
ment of the recovery fhall ex- 
tend to the fum of forty pounds, 
ofmore, (hall return nor im- 
panel in any inquifition nor in- 
queft, any perfons but fuch as 
be inhabiting within his baili- 
wick, which have eftate to » 
their own ufe, or they to whofe 
ufe other perfons have eftate, , 
of fee-fimple, fee-tail, or free- 
hold, in lands and tenements, 
of the yearly value of xx. li. or 
more in his bailiwick, out of 
antient demefne, the five ports, 
and the tenure of gavelkind, ,tH.*.e. * 
(q) nor fhall return in the What iffucf 
King's court lefs iffues in the A»»be re- 
faid aaions of attaint, than^^ 
F 3 ** *& attaint. 



2 14 Anno dccimo quinto Henrici VI. [1436* 

xl,s. at the firft writ of diftrefs, meindres iffues en les ditz ac- 



A. foreign plea 
(leaded by 
my of the de- 
fendants 
toun4forthe 
plaintiff. 
JMlw. si' 



This (Urate 
cloth niotex- 
tend to cities 
qr boroughs. 



and C. s. at the fecond writ of 
diftrefs, and the double of every 
other writ of diftrefs againft 
the perfons impanelled and re- 
turned to be fworn in the fame 
actions. (10) And that no per- 
fon of lefs fufficiency of free- 
hold than of the yearly value of 
xx. li. in the form aforefaid, 
fhall be fworn in the King's 
court upan any iflue in the faid 
anions of attaint, if he be for 
the fame by the plaintiffs in due 
form challenged. (11) And 
that alfo as often as any fheriff, 
bailiff of franchife, or coroner, 
ido contrary to this ordinance, 
he (hall pay, and by this ftat- 
tute be bound to pay to the 
King x. li. and to the plain- 
tiffs in the faid actions and 
writs of attaint for their delay 
other x. li. (12) And if any 
of the foreign anfwers and pleas 
be tried and found againft any 
of the faid defendants, that then 
the fame judgment againft the 
fame defendants, and for the 
faid plaintiffs, fhall be given 
by the King's juftices, and con- 
fideration of his courts, as by 
the law fhould be given againft 
the fame defendants, in cafe 
that the grand jury in the faid 
actions and writs of attaint, 
upon the points and articles of 
the fame writs, had pafled a- 
gainft the fame defendants, and 
with the faid plaintiffs. (13) 
And that by the fame jud^- 
pients, no other of the faid 
defendants, but they againft 
Whom the aforefaid foreign 
anfwers and pleas be found and 
tried, fhall be prejudiced 6r 
endamaged; (14) and that this 
ftatute touching the office of 
fheriff, bailiff of franchife, and 
coroner, in returning of the 
(aid perfons of the fufficiency 

of 



tions datteint retourne en la 
court du Roy qe xl. s. a le pri- 
mer brief de deftrefle & cent 
fbulz a le fecunde brief de di- 
ftreffe & le double a chefcun 
autre brief de diftrefle envers 
les perfones empanelles & re- 
tournes pur eftre jurrez en mef- 
mes les adlions. Et qe null 
perfone de meindre fufficiante 
du frank tenement qe dell an- 
nuell value de xx. li' en la four- 
me defluifdit foit jurrie en la 
court du Roi fur null iflue en 
les ditz altions datteint HI foit 
pur icell par les pleintifs en due 
fburme chalanges. Et qe auxi 
fovent qeafcun vicount bailif 
du fraunchife ou coroner face 
le contrarie de cefte ordinance 
qil paie & par ceft eftatut foit 
tenuz a paier au Roy x. li. & 
a les pleintifs en les ditz actions 
& briefs datteint pur lour de- 
lates autres x. li . Et qe ft af- 
cun des ditz foreins refponfes 
& plees foit triee & trove ea- 
countre afcun des ditz defen- 
dantz qadonques mefmes les 
juggementz countre mefmes 
' les defendantz & pur les ditz 
pleintifs foient dones par les 
juftices du Roy & confideration 
de fes courts fi come par la 
leie ferroit donee envers les 
mefmes defendants en cas qe 
le graunde jurie en les ditz ac- 
tions & briefs datteint fur les 
points & articles de mefmes les 
briefs paflez encountre mefrne 
les defendants & ovefqe les 
ditz pleintifs. Et qe par mef- 
mes les juggementz null autre 
des ditz defendantz finon ceux 
vers queux les avauntditz 
foreins refponfes & plees fount 
troves & triez foit bleflez nc 
endamages. Et qe fi eftatuit 
touchant loffice de vifcount 
bailif de fraunchife & coroner 
-•'•■--■- cix 



Anno decimo quinto Henrici VL 



en retournant des perfones de 
la fufficiauntee du frank tene- 
ment dannuell value de xx. li.' 
et qe null perfone de meindre 
fufficiante du frank tenement 
foit jurie en les ditz actions & 
briefs datteint ne extende pas 
as citees & burghs de le dit 
roialme ne a les enhabhantz 
en icelles. 

Purveu toutz fbitz qe fi en 
afcuny de les ditz countees ne 
foient perfones enhabitantz de- 
fbubz le ftate de baron del pof- 
feflion dez terres & tenements 
dannuell value de xx. li. en 
xnefine le counte en la fourme 
avantdit a fuffire le noumbre 
pur eftre empanelles & retour- 
nes en les ditz adtions & briefs 
datteint qadonques le vifcount 
bailifs de franchifez & coro- 
noursde mefme le counte em- 

r:ll & retourne en mefmes 
actions & briefs parfones 
illeoqes enhabitantz de la pluis 
fufficiante du pofleflion dan- 
nuell value de terrez & tene- 
mentz deinz la value de xx. li. 
par an en mefme le counte en 
la fourme avauntdit & qe | 
ceux perfones nextcnde pas la- 
vauntdite chalanges qils ne 
fount del fufficiante des terres 
& tenementz dannuell value de 
li. en mefme le counte & 
auxi fovent qe afcun de 



**5 



xx. 
ceo 

piefmes les vifcountz baillifs 
ou coroners face le contrarie de 
ceft darrein article qil paie au 
Roy x. li. & au ditz pleintifs 
fc. li. en la fourme avantdite. 
CAP. 



of freehold of the yearly value 
of xx. li. and that no perfon of 
lefs fufficiency of freehold be 
fworn in the faid anions and 
writs of attaint, (hall not ex- 
tend to cities and boroughs 
within the faid realm, nor to 
the inhabitants in the fame. 

II. Provided always, That 
if in any of the faid counties 
there be not perfons inhabiting 
(under the eftate of a baron) 
of pofleflion of lands and te- 
nements of the yearly value of 
xx. li. in the fame county, it} 
the form aforefaid, to fuffice 
the number to be impanelled 
and returned in the laid act 
tions and writs of attaint, that 
then the (heriff, and bailiffs of 
franchifes, and coroners of the 
fame county, (hall impanel and 
return in the fame adfcions and 
writs, perfons there inhabiting* 
of the moft fufficient of pof* 
feflion of yearly value of lands 
andtenements within the valu$ 
of xx li. in the fame county in 
the form aforefaid * (2) and 
that to fuch perfons the faid 
challenge extend not, that he 
is not of pofleflion of lands and 
tenements of the yearly value 
of xx li. in the fame county ; 
(3) and that as often as any of 
the fame (herifFs, bailiffs, or 
coroners do contrary to this 
prefent article, he (hall pay to 
the King x li. and to the plain- 
tiffs x H. in the form aforefaid. 



A remedy if 
there be not 
fufficient men 
in the fame 
county, who 
have lands of . 
the yearly ya* 
lueofxxj. 



13 H. S, c. j # 



VI. 



yf rejlraint of unlawful orders made by mafters of guilds^ 
fraternities, and other companies. 

ITEM, Whereas the majiers wardens and people of the guilds* 
fraternities and other companies incorporate, dwelling in divert 
farts of the realm, oftentimes by colour of rule and governance and ^idT" 
ItkfT tftyns in general words to them granted and confirmed by charters Fraternity, 

?4 ^Company, 



2i6 Anno decimo quinto Henrici VL [143& 

end letters patents of the King's progenitors, mate tbemfehes mart} 
unlawful and unreafonable ordinances as well of mam fuch things 
whereof the conifance, punijbment and correction all only pertaineth U 
the King, lords of franchifes, and other perfons, and whereby our 
fovereign lord the King and other be dijberiud of their profits and 
franchifes, as of things, which oftentimes in confederacy is modi for 
their fingular profit, and common damage to the people : the fame our 
fovereign lord the King, by the advice and aiTent of the lords 
(Spiritual and temporal, and at the prayer of the commons afore- 
faid, hath ordained by authority of the fame parliament, 
that the matters, wardens, and people of every fuch guild, fra- 
ternity, or company incorporate, betwixt this and the feaft of 
Saint Michael next coming, (hall brine and do all their letters 
patents and charters to be registered of record before the jufticcs 
of peace in the counties, or before the chief governors of the 
faid cities, boroughs, and towns, where fuch guilds, fraternities 
and companies be. And moreover hath ordained and defended, 
by the authority aforefaid, that from henceforth no fuch matters, 
wardens, nor people make nor ufe no ordinance which (hall be 
to the difherifon or diminution of the King's franchifes, or of 
other, nor againft the common profit of the people nor none 
other ordinance of charge, if it be not firft difcuffed and approved 
for good and reafonable, admitted by the juftices of peace, or the 
chief governors aforefaid, and before them entered of record, 
and after by them revoked and repealed, if it be found by them 
not lawful or not reafonable, and that upon pain to lofe and 
forfeit the force and the effect of all the articles comprifed in 
their faid writs and charters, by which they might do the fame 
ordinances to be entered and moreover to lofe and pay x. li. 
to the King for every ordinance that any of them doth make or 
ufe to the contrary, as often as he Shall be of that by due pro- 
cefs, and lawful manner conviil of record before any of the faid 
juftices of peace, or chief governors of cities, towns, and 
boroughs. And this ordinance (hall endure as long as it (hall 
J9H. 7. c. 7. pleafe our faid fovereign lord the King. 

CAP. VII. 

All perfons religious and fecular may make their general 
attornies to fue or plead for them in every hundred and 
wapentake. 

ITEM, our faid fovereign lord the King, by the affent of the fads 
fpiritual and temporal, and commons aforefaid, hath ordained and 
Jlablijbcd by authority aforefaid : That from henceforth all the ab- 
bots, priors, and other religious perfons, and their fucceflbrs, 
and every of them, which have lands and tenements or other 
pofleflions within any of the wapentakes of Stainclife wapentake 
or Friendlefje wapentake in Craven in the county of York, may 
make their attornies general in all the courts within the faid wa- 
pentakes and every of them, that is to fay, every of the abbots, 
priors, and religious perfons feverally under the common feal of 

his 



I43^«] Anno decimo quinto Henrici VI. 217 

his houfe, to win and lofc in every manner of plea, for any 
or againft any of them in the faid courts, or any ot them moved 
or to be moved. And that the faid abbots and priors and re- 
ligious perfons and their faid attornies and every of them, may 
plead in the faid courts and every of them, all manner of pleas, 
which be pleadable in law and in the law allowable, and that 
every fteward and bailiff of Or in every of the faid courts for the 
time being, (hall as well receive any attorney in the manner 
aforefaid to be made, as the faid pleas by the faid abbots, priors, 
or religious perfons, and by their faid attornies, and by every of 
them to be pleaded, without amercing the faid abbots, priors, 
or religious perfons or any of them in the manner aforefaid, or 
otherwife than fecular perfons in like cafe without fraud (hould 
be amerced.' And that every of the ftewards and bailiffs afore- 
laid, at every time that he doth contrary to this ordinance, (hall 
forfeit and pay to the king x. li. and that every perfon which will 
lue for the King in this cafe, (hall have a writ of debt founded 
upon this ftatute, and (hall have the half for his labour, and the 
King the other half. And that in the fame manner all other 
abbots, priors, and other religious perfons and their fucceflbrs, 
and any other fecular perfons within this realm, in every hun- 
dred and wapentake within the fame realm, may make their at- 
tornies general, to plead for them and every of them in the form 
aforefaid, that is to fay, the faid abbots, priors, and religious 
perfons under the common feal, and the fecular perfons under 
their feals. And if the ftewards, bailiffs, or any minifter of any to h # - c# JO- 
fiich hundred or wapentake do contrary to the fame, every of 1 5 Ed. i.'ftat! 
them (hall forfeit to the King x. li. as afore is faid, and this '• c. 10. 
ftatute and ftabliftunent (hall endure as long as it (hall pleafe the 7- R * *• c * »4» 
King. 

CAP. VIII. 

No merchant Jhalljhip any mercbandifes of the Jlapk> but at 

wharfs affigned, &c. 

ITEM, ourfovereign lord the king, to remove and efchew the great 
unlawfulnefs and damage ', which daily is to him done \ in withhold- 
ing the cuftoms and fubfidies, and impediment to thejlaple ^/"Calais 
cfthefale of wools and woolfels, byfuch which do Jhip their wools 
and woolfels in divers fecret parts and creeks, and other fufpeft places 
within this realm, Jiealing bringing and carrying the fame not cuflomed 
to divers parts beyond thefea, and not to Calais ; hath ordained by Noperfonfliall 
the authority aforefaid, that from henceforth no manner of ihipanymer- 
perfon (hall (hip nor do to be (hipped wools, woolfels, nor other chandUeofthe 
merchandifes pertaining to the ftaple, in no place within this J^£' ^JJf** 
realm, but all only at the keys and wharfs being in the ports figne^where 
affigned by the ftatute, where the King's weights and his wools the King's 
be fet. (2) And that every mafter of (hips and veflels, in the weight! arc. 
which fuch wools and woolfels and merchandifes be put, (hall 
find fufficient furetv to the cuftomers of the ports, where they 
do (hip, to carry tne faid wools and woolfels to the ftaple of l8H# 6 ^ c# iy ^ 
Calais, and to bring a certification from thence, that he hath fo , 4 h. 6.V 5/ 

done, 4. Ed. 4.. c. a. 



aifr Anno dccimo o&avo HeNrIci VI. [1439. 

Acme. (3) Saving always to the merchants of 'Genoa, Venice, Tuf- 
cany, Lbmbardy, Florence, end Catalonia, and to the burgeffet 
a/Berwick, the liberties to them granted byjiatute heretofore. 



Statutes made at Wefiminfter, Anno 18 Hen. VL 
and Anno Dom. 1439. 



OUR lord King Henry the 
ftxtb after the conauejl, at 
his parliament holdenat Weftmin- 
fter the morrow after St. Mar- 
tin, in winter, the twelfth day 
^November, the eighteenth year 
of his reign, to the honour of God, 
and for the weal of him and of 
his realm, by the advice and affent 
of the lords fpiritual and temporal, 
and the commons in the fame par- 
liament affembled, hath made, or- 
dained, and Jiabli/bed divers Jfa- 
tutes and ordinances in the form 
following. 



NO S TR E fetgnur JcRoi 
Henry le fiftne apres le 
conqueft a fon parlement tenuz 
a Weftm' Ic lendcmayn de Seint 
Martin en iver le xijmejour 
de Novcmbre Ian de fon reigne 
xviije al onour de Dieu tc pur 
le bien de luy ic fon roialme 
de ladvys & aflent des feignurs 
efpirituelx tc temporelx & les 
communes en mefme le par* 
lement aflembleez ad fait or- 
deigner & eftablier diverfei 
eftatuitz & ordinances en la 
fourme qenfuit. 



17 H. I.e. 11. 



CAP. I. 

Letters patents fhall bear the date of the King's warrant 
delivered into the chancery. 

FIRST, whereas by fuit made 
to the King by divers per fins 
it hath been iefircd by their peti- 



tions, to have offices, ferms, 
other things of the gift and grant 
of the King, by his gracious letters 
patents thereof to them to be made, 
defiring by the fame petitions, the 
fame letters patents of the King to 
bear date at a certain day limited 
in the fame, the which day is often 
long before, the King's grant to 
them thereupon made have borne 
the fame date, by reafon whsreof 
divers of the King's liege people 
having fuch offices, ferms, and 
other things of the gift or grant 
of the King, by his gracious let- 
ters patents thereof to them long 
time before duty made, by fuch 
fubtil imagination of fuch ante- 
dates defered by fuch petitions, of 
fuck offices^ fermS) and other 
things^ 



PRimerement come par fuit* 
fait au Roy par divers gentz 
ad efte deiire par lour petitions 
daver offices fermes & autrcs 
chofes del don & graunte du 
Roy par fez gracious lettres 
patentz ent a eux a faire defi- 
rauntz par icell petitions mef- 
mes les lettres patentz du Roy 
de porter date a certein jour li- 
mite en icell le quell jour eft 
forent longement devaunt le 
graunte du Roy a eux faitz de 
lour ditz petitions parount les 
lettres patentz du Roy a eux 
fur ceo faitz ount porte mefme 
la date a caufe de quell divers 
lieges du Roy eiantz tielx of- 
fices fermes & autres chofes 
du don ou graunte du Roy par 
fez gracious lettres patentz a 
eux Tonge temps devaunt due- 
ment fart par ttelz fubtiis ymf - 
ginatian; 



Anno decimo o&svo Henrici VI. 



1439-3 

ginations de tiels antedates de- 
firez par tiels petitions de tiels 
offices fermes & autres chofez 
fovent ount efte ouftes amoves 
& expelles encountre drbit bon 
confcience & reafon. Noftre 
dit feignur le Roy voillant ou- 
ftier tiels ymaeinations del avys 
& aflent des feignurs efpiritu- 
elx & temporelx & al efpeciale 
reaueft des ditz communes ad 
online par audtorite de mefme 
le parlement qe de qeconqe 
garrant en apres par mefme 
noftre feignur le Roy ou fez 
heires al chaunceller dEngle- 
terre pur les temps efteant ad- 
.. drefle le jour du livere dicdl 
al chaunceller foit entre du re- 
corde en la chauncerie et qe 
le chaunceller face faire lettres 
patentes fur mefmes les gar- 
rantz portantz date le jour du 
dit livere en la chauncerie & 
nemy devaunt en null manere 
et fi afcuns lettres patentes 
foient defore faitz al contrarie 
foient voidez irritez & tenuz 



2.1$ 



things i often have been put out, 
amoved, and expelled, againjt 
■ right, good confcience, and reafon : 
(a) Our faid lord the King, 
willing to put out fuch imagi- 
nations* by the advice and 
aflent of the lords fpiritual and 
temporal aforefaid, and at the 
fpecial requeft of the faid com- 
mons hath ordained, by au- 
thority of the fame parliament, 
That of every warrant here- The King's 
after fent by the fame our lord Jf* 1 * 1 ? patents 
the King, or his heirs, to the JS^* £ 
chancellor of England for the Kin^* war- - 
time being, the day of the de- rant into the 
livery of the fame to the chan- chancery de- 
cellor (hall be entered of record p££ d d ' 
in the chancery ; (3) and that Dyer, 133** 
the chancellor do caufe letters 
patents to be made upon the 
lame warrant, bearing date the 
day of the faid delivery in the 
chancery, and not before in 
any wife ; (4) and if any let- 
ters patents be from henceforth 
made to the contrary, they 
(hall be void, fruftrate, and 
holden for none. 



pur nulles. 

CAP. II. 

They which have gavelkind lands to the yearly value of 

twenty pounds, may be returned in attaints 

ITEM come al parlement 
noftre feignur le Roy tenuz 



a Weftm' Ian de fon reigne 
xvme entre autres articles foit 
ordeigne qe null vifcount bailie 
de fraunchis ne coroner en ac- 
tion ou briefes datteyntes de plee 
de terre de annuell value de 
xl. s. ou pluis nen a&ion de 
atteynt des faitz concernantz 
tcrres & tenementz de annuel 
value de xl. s. ou pluis ne per- 
fonell a&ion dount le jugement 
de recovere extend al fomme de 
xl. H.' ou pluis retourne ne 
cmpanelle en null inquifition 
ne enquefte nulles perfones mes 
ceux enhabitauntz deinz fa 
bailie qi ount eftate a lour 

oeps 



ITEM, where in the parlia- *5 H - *• «• 5* 
ment of our lord the King, hol- 



den at Weftminfter the fifteenth 
year of his reign, among other 
articles it was ordained, That 
no /her iff, bailiff of franchife, 
nor coroner, in aftion or writs 
of attaint of plea of land of the 
yearly value of xl. s. or more, 
nor in action of attaint of deeds 
concerning lanas and tenements of 
the yearly value of y\. s. and more, 
nor in perfojial action, where- 
of the judgment of the recovery 
extends to xl. li. or more, JbovJd 
return or impanel in any tnqtd- 
fition or inquejl, any perfons but 
them that be inhabiting within 
his bailiwick, which have (flat* 

to 



22Q 



Anno decimo oftavo Henrici VI. 



['439- 



to their ufe, or they to whom 
other perlons hove eflate of fee- 
fxmple, fee-tail, or free-hold, in 
lands and tenements of the yearly 
value rfxx.. H- or more, within 
his bailiwick, out of antient de- 
mean, five ports, and the tenure 
of gavelkind-, (2) in refpefl of 
which ordinance, feeing withtn 
the county of Kent there be but 
thirty or forty perfons at the moft, 
which have any lands or tenements 
cut of the tenure of gavelkind, be- 
taufe the greater tart ofthefaid 
county, or well nigh all, is of the te- 
nure of gavelkind, which perfons be 
continually impanelled and return- 
ed in the faid actions, to the great 
hindrance and impoverijbment of 
the fame perfons ; (3) our faid 
lord the King confidering the 
premifles, hath granted, or- 
dained, and ftablifhed, by au- 
thority aforefaid, That thofe 
nave gavci- men which have eftate to their 
kind lands to ufe, and alfo they to whofe ufe 
the yearly ^Ker men have eftate, of fee- 
StfS fim P ,e > fee-tail, or free-hold, 
panelled upon * n lands and tenements of the 
■attaints not- yearly value of xx, li, of the 
withftanding tenure of gavelkind, fhall be 
returned and impanelled in all 
fuch attaints as be above re- 
cited, which attaints be not 
now depending, but may de- 
pend in time to come, in the 
lame manner and form as any 
other perfon may be returned 
and impanelled by force of the 
faid ftatute made the faid fif- 
teenth year. 



* 3 H. I.e. 3. 



They which 
have gavel - 



oeps ou ceux as queux autres 
perfones ount eftate de fee Am- 
ple fee taille ou franAenement 
en terres & tenements de an- 
nuell value de xx. li.' paranou 
pluis deins fa bailie hors de 
auncien demefne cynk portz 
& la tenure de gavylkynde 
par caufe de quel ordenaunce 
a caufe qe deins le counte de 
Kent fount qe trent ou quar- 
rant perfones a pluis qe ount 
afcuns terres ou tenements 
hors de tenure de gavylkynde 
pur ceo qe la grendre partie 
du dit counte ou bien prcs 
tout eft de tenure de gavyl- 
kynde les queux perfones fount 
continuelment empanellez k 
retournez en les ditz actions 
datteintes a graunde anientif- 
ment & empoverifment des 
mefmes les perfones noftre dit 
feignur le Roy confiderant les 
premifles ad graunte ordine & 
eftablie par laudlorite defuifdit 
qe iceux hommes qi ount eftat 
a lour oeps & auxint iceux 
as queux oeps autres hommes 
ount eftat de fee fimple fee 
taille ou fradenement es terres 
& tenementz dannuell value 
de xx. li.' de la tenure de ga- 
vylkynde foient retournez & 
empanellez en autiels atteintes 
come fount defoubtz reciteez 
les queux atteintes ne fount pas 
ore pendantz mes purront pen- 
dre en temps avenir mefmes 
en les manere & fourme come 
afcun autre perfone poet cftre 
retournez & empanellez par 
force du dit eftatuit But le dh 
an quindfifme. 

CAP. III. 

Butler andebeefe may be Iran/ported without licence. 

Ex edit. TTEM, Whereas in the ftatute made the xxj. year of King 
Pulton. J^ Richard the Second, at the grievous complaint of his com- 

tH.6lc.4I 7 irons » (hewing how the ftaple was limited to reft at Calais, 
J+H.6.C.1. (2) and that all manner of wools, woolfels, leather, lead, tin, 
cheefc, butter and honey, going out of the. realm of England* 

ought 



the ftatute of 
the 15 H. 6 
c. 5. 



1439-1 A 1 * 16 cteciirto oftavo HenrIci VI. Mi 

ought to have recourfe to the faid place of Calais, and to no 

place elfewhere ; (3) certain perfons by their fuggeftions had 

before that time purchafed licences to carry out wools, and 

other merchandifes aforefaid, to what parts beyond the fea 

that pleafed them, of the King's amity, to the which their 

licences do extend, without coming to the faid places of Calais, 

to the great advantage of the perfons fo having licences, and 

great damage of them which have no licence: (4) wherefore 

the laid King by authority of his parliament holden the 

year aforefaid, ordained and ftablifhed* That the faid ftatute 

fliould be holden and obferved as to the great merchandifes 

aforefaid, that is to fay, wools, woolfcls, tin and lead only, 

without licence thereof to be granted but by the King him- 

felf. (5) In refpe& of which ftatute fo made, the chancellor 

for the time being often hath denied to grant licences for cheefe 

and butter to be carried to any other place, but only to the The King's 

fame Calais, to the great damage of the people of this realm : people may 

j[6) Our faid lord the King confidering that cheefe and butter c«jy butter 

is a merchandife which cannot be well kept, nor tarry his mer- ^f daceout 

chant, and will be greatly impaired by vermin and worms, of the realm, 

and is alio tender and of fo fimple price, that it cannot well bear being^n amity 

the cofts of the ftaple, hath ordained by the authority aforefaid, with the King, 

that the King's liege people may convey and carry out of his c^nec? 1 

xealm, whither it (hall pleafe them of the King's amity, 

cheefe and butter without any licence to be purfued in any 

wife, paying for the fame the cuftoms and fubfidies thereof due 

from time to time, any ftatute made to the contrary notwith- 

ftanding. 3 H. 6. c. 4. 

II. Provided that the King may reftrain the fame when it * &tPh -& M » 
(hall pleafe him. c ' 5 ' 

CAP. IV. 
No merchant alien Jhall fell any merchandifes in England to 

another merchant alien. Mayors^ &c. of cities and 

towns to execute this aft. 

ITEM, whereas great damages and lofles daily come to the Ex edit.Ra*. 
King and to his people, by the buying and felling that the Merchants 
merchants aliens and ftrangers do make at. their proper iens ' 
will and liberty, without any notice governance and furvey- 
ing of any of the King's lawful liege people, as by fuch buying 
and felling, which they ufe together of all manner of merchan- 
difes every of them with other, and alfo by covins and com- 
paffings, that they do to impair and abate the price and value 
of all manner ot merchandifes of this noble realm, and do 
increafe and inhance the price of all their own merchandifes, 
whereby the faid merchants aliens be greatly enriched, and the 
Kings lubjeds merchants denizens of the fame realm grievoufly 
impoverished, and great treafure by the fame aliens brought 
out of this realm, the cuftoms and fubfidies by them due to 
the King for the caufes aforefaid greatly diminifhed, and the) 
pavy of the faid realm greatly deftroyed and hindered. And 

whereaa 



422 Anno decimo o&avo HeWrici -VI. [143a 

whereas by divers ftatutes before this time made it was or-< 
dained, That in every city, town, and port of .the fea of Eng* 
knd> where the merchants aliens and Grangers be or (hail be 
repairing, fufficient hods (hall be afligned to the fame merchants, 
by the mayor, (herifFs, or bailiffs of the faid cities, towns, 
and ports of the fea, and that the merchants aliens and ftrangera 
(hall not be dwelling in any other place but with the faid hofts 
fo affigned, which be not fufficient and convenient remedies 
enough againft the damages and. inconveniences aforefaid: 
Our (aid fovereign lord the King, willing againft the fame 
damages, and* inconveniences to provide a remedy in this 
behalf, hath ordained by authority aforefaid, That from hence* 
forth no merchant alien or ftranger, (hall fell no manner of 
merchandife to other merchant alien or ftranger, upon pain 
of forfeiture of the fame merchandifes. And that all merchants 
aliens and ftrangers from henceforth coming or abiding to 
merchandife within any city, town, borough, or port in 
England, (hall be under the Purveying of certain people called 
hofts or furveyors to them afligned by the mayors, (herifFs, 
or bailiffs of the fame cities, towns, boroughs, or ports by the 
manner enfuing. And that every fuch merchant alien coining 
to any of the cities, towns, boroughs or ports, within three 
days after his faid coming, (hall offer him in perfon before the 
mayor, (herifF, or bailiff, of the fame city, borough, town, of 
port, to which he cometh, to have an hoft to him afligned* 
And that the mayors, (herifFs or bailiffs, of every of the (aid 
towns, boroughs, and ports, within iiii. days next after that they 
have notice of the coming or being of any fuch merchants* 
(hall aflign to the fame merchants aliens fufficient hofts which be 
good and credible perfons, Englijhmen born, expert in the 
feat of merchandife, and not exercifing fuch merchandifes, 
which the merchants aliens being under their (urveying for 
the time do ufe. And that the fame hofts (hall furvey and be 
privy to all the merchandifes, which the faid merchants (hall 
difcharge at any port or place of this realm, or (hall bring or 
do to be brought out of the fame, and to all fellings, buyings, 
and contracts of merchandifes, which they do within the (aid 
parts and places. And that every fuch merchant, which bring- 
eth or doth to be brought from henceforth any merchandifes 
and them difcharge within any port or {dace of the faid realm, 
(hall put them to fale by the furveying of the faid hofts, and 
make full employment of all the fame merchandifes, (except 
all manner of cloths of gold, of filver, and of filk) within 
eight months next after the coming of the fame merchandifes 
to any port, fafe, or place difcharged of the faid realm, de- 
ducting their reasonable cofts and expences, that is to far, 
they (hall fell the fame merchandifes for other merchandifes 
of the faid realm, or (hall (ell them for money, and with the 
fame money they (hall buy within the time aforefaid other mer- 
chandifes growing and made within the 'fame realm, upon 
pain to forfeit all the £u4 money wit&n the faid term not em>> 
• - ' ployed. 

6 



1439*1 A 11110 decimo o&avo Henrici VI. %%% 

>loyed. And that it (hall be lawful to the (aid merchants 
iliens and ftrangers, after the (aid eight months to carry out 
if the (aid realm all the faid merchandifes within the fame term 
as is (aid) and not fold, without any cuftoms or fubfidies there- 
>f to be paid. And if the faid merchants aliens after the faid 
tight months fell any of the faid merchandifes within thia 
talm, that then they (hall be forfeit And every of the (aid 
lofts (hall do to be regiftered and written in a book from time 
o time all the (aid merchandifes, which, the merchants aliens 
hall have and receive, and all the buyings, (ales, contrails, and 
unployments that they do by their knowledge and fujrveying* 
ind the tranfcript thereof (Kail bring or do to be brought be- 
ore the treafurer and barons of the King's exchequer two 
imes by the year, that is to fay* at the beginning of the two 
:crms of Eajler and Saint Adiched. And the lame hofts their 
sxecutors, heirs or landtenants by colour of fuch tranfcript or 
my other thing concerning the faid occupation of hoft, (hall not 
3e bound to accompt within the faid exchequer, nor otherwife 
barged. And the faid hoft (hall take for his labour in that 
afe of every merchant ftranger two pence for every twenty 
hillings in value of all manner of merchandifes fo by the (aid 
merchants aliens fold ar;d bought. And every fuch hoft in hit 
bft admiffion to the faid occupation, (lydl fwear before the 
mayors, (heriffs, and bailiffs, by whom he (hall be afligned 
4> fuch occupation, well and lawfully to ufe and exercife the 
lame occupation. And if he be found unlawful or defective 
:o the contrary, then (hall he be put out of the (aid occupation 
ay the faid mayors, (heriffs, and bailiffs, as often as to them 
hall fecm needful, and other by them put in his place, and 
moreover to punith him after his deferving by difcretion of the 
fame mayors, (heriffs, and .bailiffs. And if any merchant alien 
y ftranger do not offer him to take fuch hoft, or after that 
in hoft be to him afligned, as afore is faid, refufe to be under 
the furvey and governance of fuch hoft, in the manner afore- 
aid, he (nail be taken and arretted by the faid mayors, (heriffs, 
>r bailiffs, and put in prifon, there to remain without being 
et to bail or mainprife, till he hath found fufficient furety, 
j» be under the governance of fuch hoft, to make him privy 
:o all the (ales, buying and contracts of his merchandifes, as 
i£bre(aid, and the fame merchant alien in that cafe (hall make 
ine • and ranfom at the King's pleafure. And if any 
fuch merchant alien make any buying, (ale or contrad of 
oncrchandife, without the faid (urveymg of his hoft, or making 
the faid hoft privy to all the faid merchandifes, (old, bought, 
x contracted, as afore is faid, he (hall forfeit the value of the 
'ame goods bought or fold, or the fum or value of that whereof 
iie contract is made. And if any fuch mayor, fheriff, or 
aailiff let any fuch merchant willingly to be without hoft in the 
Form aforefaid, and go at lar^e without arrcfting him, and putting 
tan in prifon, and punifhing in the form aforefekl, the fame 
vayor, ftierift, or bailiff (hall forfeit twenty pounds to the King 

for 



42 z Anno decimo o&avo Hewrici -VI. [143a 

whereas by divers ftatutes before this time made it was or- 
dained, That in every city, town, and port of .the fea of E*g- 
hndy where the merchants aliens and Grangers be or (hail be 
repairing, fufficient hods (hall be affigned to the fame merchants, 
by the mayor, (herifFs, or bailiffs of the faid cities, towns, 
and ports of the fea, and that the merchants aliens and ftrangers 
(hall not be dwelling in any other place but with the faid hofts 
fo affigned, which be not fufficient and convenient remedies 
enough againft the damages and. inconveniences aforefaid: 
Our (aid fovereign lord the King, willing againft the fame 
damages, and+inconveniences to provide a remedy in this 
behalf, hath ordained by authority aforefaid, That from hence- 
forth no merchant alien or ftranger, (hall fell no manner of 
merchandife to other merchant alien or ftranger, upon pain 
of forfeiture of the fame merchandifes. And that all merchants 
aliens and ftrangers from henceforth coming or abiding to 
merchandife within any city, town, borough, or port in 
England, (hall be under the Purveying of certain people called 
holts or furveyors to them affigned by the .mayors, (herifFs, 
or bailiffs of the fame cities, towns, boroughs, or ports by the 
manner enfuing. And that every fuch merchant alien coming 
to any of the cities, towns, boroughs or ports, within three 
days after his faid coming, (hall otter him in perfon before the 
mayor, fheriff, or bailiff, of the fame city, borough, town, of 
port, to which he cometh, to have an hoft to him affigned* 
And that the mayors, (herifFs or bailiffs, of every of the faid 
towns, boroughs, and ports, within iiii. days next after that they 
have notice of the coming or being of any fuch merchants* 
(hall affign to the fame merchants aliens fufficient hofts which be 
good and credible perfons, Englijhmen born, expert in the 
feat of merchandife, and not exercifing fuch merchandifes, 
which the merchants aliens being under their (urveying for 
the time do ufe. And that the fame hofts (hall furvey and be 
privy to all the merchandifes, which the faid merchants (hall 
difcharge at any port or place of this realm, or (hall bring or 
do to be brought out of the fame, and to all fellings, buyings, 
and contracts of merchandifes, which they do within the (aid 
parts and places. And that every fuch merchant, which bring- 
eth or doth to be brought from henceforth any merchandifes 
and them difcharge within any port or place of the faid realm, 
(hall put them to fale by the furveying of the faid hofts, and 
make full employment of all the fame merchandifes, (except 
all manner of cloths of gold, of filver, and of (ilk) within 
eight months next after the coming of the fame merchandifes 
to any port, fafe, or place difcharged of the faid realm, de- 
ducting their reasonable cofts and expences, that is to fay, 
they (hall fell the feme merchandifes for other merchandifes 
of the faid realm, or (hall fell them for money, and with the 
feme money they (hall buy within the time aforefaid other mer- 
chandifes growing and made within the fame realm, upon 
pain to forfeit all the £u4 money within the faid term not em»- 
••- ' ployed. 

6 



1439*1 A 11110 decimo o&avo Henrici VI. %%$ 

ployed. And that it (hall be lawful to the (aid merchants 
aliens and ftrangers, after the (aid eight months to carry out 
of the (aid realm all the faid merchandifes within the fame term 
(as is (aid) and not fold, without any cuftoms or fubfidies there- 
of to be paid. And if the did merchants aliens after the faid 
eight months fell any of the faid merchandifes within thia 
realm, that then they (hall be forfeit. And every of the faid 
hods (hall do to be regiftered and written in a book from time 
to time all the (aid merchandifes, which, the merchants aliens 
(hall have ami receive, and all the buyings, fales, contrails, and 
employments that they do by their knowledge and furveying, 
and the tranfeript thereof (hall bring or do to be brought be- 
fore the treafurer and barons of the King's exchequer two 
times by the year, that is to fay* at the beginning of the two 
terms of Eafter and Saint Adicbed. And the fame hofts their 
executors, heirs or landtenants by colour of fuch tranfeript' or 
any other thing concerning the faid occupation of hoft, (hall not 
be bound to accompt within the (aid exchequer, nor otherwife 
charged. And the faid hoft (hall take for his labour in that 
cafe of every merchant ftranger two pence for every twenty 
(hillings in value of all manner of merchandifes fo by the (aid 
merchants aliens fold ar;d bought. And every fuch hoft in his 
firft admiffion to the faid occupation, (lydl (wear before the 
mayors, (heriffs, and bailiffs, by whom he (hall be affigned 
to fuch occupation, well and lawfully to ufe and exercife the 
fame occupation. And if he be found unlawful or defective 
to the contrary, then (hall he be put out of the (aid occupation 
by the faid mayors, (heriffs, and bailiffs, as often as to them 
(hall fecm needful, and other by them put in his place, and 
moreover to punifti him after his deferving by difcretion of the 
fame mayors, (heriffs, and .bailiffs. And if any merchant alien 
or ftranger do not offer him to take fuch hoft, or after that 
an hoft be to him affigned, as afore is faid, refufe to be under 
the furvey and governance of fuch hoft, in the manner afore- 
faid, he (nail be taken and arretted by the faid mayors, (heriffs, 
or bailiffs, and put in prifon, there to remain without being 
let to bail or mainprife, till he hath found fufficient furety, 
to be under the governance of fuch hoft, to make him privy 
to all the (ales, buying and contrails of his merchandifes, as. 
afbrefaid, and the fame merchant alien in that cafe (hall make 
fine • and ranfom at the King's pleafure. And if any 
fuch merchant alien make any buying, (ale or contrail of 
merchandife, without the faid (urveying of his hoft, or making 
the faid hoft privy to all the faid merchandifes, fold, bought, 
or contralled, as afore is faid, he (hall forfeit the value of the 
fame goods bought or fold, or the fum or value of that whereof 
the contrail is made. And if any fuch mayor, (heriff, or 
bailiff let any fuch merchant willingly to be without hoft in the 
form afbrefaid, and go at large without arrefting him, and putting 
him in prifon, and punifhing in the form aforefeid, the fame 
mayor, (heriff; or bailiff (hall forfeit twenty pounds to the King 

for 



224 Anno declmo oftavo HeHRICi VI. [1439* 

for every merchant alien fo willingly differed to go at large 
not arretted, and for every fuch merchant alien and Granger, to 
whom fuch hod in the form aforefaid is not affigned. And if 
any man which is by fuch mayor, fheriff, or bailiff affigned 
to be hoft to any fuch merchant alien and ftranger, refufe to be 
fuch hoft, he fhall pay every time to the King, that he fo 
refufeth to be hoft ten pounds. And every merchant alien 
and ftranger, which employ not the faid money within the faid 
eight months (as is faid) or that he fell his fsud merchandifes 
in England after the fame eight months, and thereof before any of 
the King's judges be duly conviA by his examination or other- 
wife at the King's fuit, or at the fuit of his liege people, which 
will fue for the King and for himfelf in thefe two cafes aforefaid, 
then the Cud merchant alien and ftranger, fhall incur the pain 
and forfeiture aforefaid. And he that will fue, fhall have the 
fourth part of the faid forfeitures, and the King the three other 
parts. And that this alt and ordinance fhall begin to hold 
place at the feaft of Eafler next coming, and fhall endure till 
the end of eight years next enfuing. And that betwixt this 
and the feaft of Eafter* certain commiffioners under the King's 
great feal, rehearfing all the fame aft and ordinance, fhall be 
made and feverally dire&ed to the mayors, fheriffs, or bailiffs, 
of every city, town, borough, and port of the faid realm, 
where fuch merchants aliens and ftrangers be or fhall be abiding 
or repairing, ftraightly charging the fame mayors, fheriffs, and 
bailiffs, which be or which for the time fhall be, to publifh 
and put all the faidadt and ordinance indue execution. Provided 
always, That the merchants of the Hanfe of Almaine* and all 
4*J. *• c * x * other merchants under the King's obedience, be not comprifed 
itH^m. within this adt and ordinance : So that always by this provifion 
17 Ed. 4. c. 1. and ordinance no prejudice be given or done to any alliance or 
3 H. 7. c 8. truce made by the King or any of his noble progenitors before 
*3&i4Car.a. this time. 
c. *6. . 

CAP. V. 

None appointed to be a colUStor of a fifteen in a city*Jbatt hi 
alfo cofleilor in the fame county \ except be hath lands % &c. • 

ITEM, Wljereas heretofore TTEM come devaunt ctz 

at the time of every Quin- JL heures al temps de chef- 

zime and Difme granted to the cun xvme & x«e a Roy ou a 

King or to his progenitors* the col- fez progenitours grauntcfc col- 

leifors of the fame Difmes with- le&ours de mefme le xme deins 

in the cities and boroughs of his les citees & burghs de fon 

realm* having citizens or bur- roialme eiantz citezeins ou 

geffes of them coming to the par- burgeys de eux veignauntz al 

liamept* have often been deputed pariement ount fovent efte de- 

* and affigned of perfons dwelling putez & affignes des gents 

within the fame cities and bo- demurrantz deins mefmes les 

t roughs* which and other perfons citees & burghs les queux & 

dwelling in the fame have been of- autres gentz demurantz en 

ten now of late made collectors ycell ount ore tarde fovent 

tf foita 



>. ] Annb dediifto odtavo Henrici VI. 



m 



eftez faitz colle&ours de 
mc & xm« a Roy grauntes 
\ en les countes deins quell 
les les citees & burghs 

come deins mefmes les 
i & burghs a lour graunde 
: & dammage & fembla- 
leftre en aptes fi rfemedie 
le foit purVeiix mefme 
s feignuf le Roy voillant 
mtre tielx perde & da- 

purvoier de remedie <;n 
partie ordeigne paY lauc- 
i defilifdit qe null homirie 
trant deins afcun cite ou 
l deinfc le dit roialme de 
ill cite ou burgh il ad efte 
evaunt cez heures & uti- 
: eft les nouns de certeins 
?s paT les perfoheS pur la 
tee ou burgh veignauntz 
irlement deftre deliverez 
chaunterife du Roy deftre 
Sours du xme en mefme 
:ee ou burgh & fur qe le 
ad rtiys fez lettres patentz 
sfmes les perfones iffint 
;s & deliveres en fa dit 
ncerie deftre colleclours 
xme ou parcell dicell deins 
it cltee ou burgh et les 
x colle&ours ount ac- 
)tes & fount tenuz da- 
)tier de lour receit en ceft 
s immediat en lefchequer 
toy foit en afcun manere 
te ne afligne deftre col- 
ur dafcun xvmeou afcurr 
Jl dicell au Roy ou fez 
s grauntes ou a graun- 
deins afcun countee diceft 
Tie finon qH poet expendre 

countee hors du dit citee 
>urgh es terres ou tene- 
:z a la value d^ C s. par 
itre les charges & reprifez. 



of the fame Qyinzimes andDtf* 
mes granted to the King, as 
well in the counties within which 
the fame cities and boroughs be, 
as within the fame cities and bo- 
roughs to ■ their great lofs and 
damage, and likely more to be 
hereafter,' if remedy be not pro- 
vided \ (2) the fame our lord 
the King, willing againft fuch 
lbfs and damage to provide a 
remedy in this behalf, hath 
ordained by the authority afore- 
faid, That no man dwelling f?° "?*" dwcl * 
within any city or borough of ^^^ 

the faid realm, of which city rough, ap- 
pr borough it hath been ufed pointed to be 
before this time, and yet is, c ^ 11 ^ or for 
the names of certain men by X™25l 
the perfons for the faid city or be fo in the 
borough coming to the parlia- fame county, 
ment to be delivered in the 
King's chancery, to the col- 
lectors of Difmes in the fame 
city or borough, and where- 
upon the King hath fent his 
letters patents to the fame per- 
fons fo named and delivered 
in his chancery, to be collec- 
tors of the Difmes, or parcel 
of the fame, within the faid 
city or borough, and the which 
collectors have ufed and been 
bound to account of their re- 
ceipt in this behalf immediate- 
ly in the King's exchequer, 
(nail in any wife be deputed 
nor afligned to be collector 
of any £>uinzime, or any par- 
cel or the fame, granted or to 
be granted to the King or his 
heirs within any county of this 
realm, except that he may dif- 
pend in the county out of the 
faid city or borough, in lands 
or tenements, to the value of 
an hundred (hillings by year, 
over the charges andreprifes. 



M., HI. 



CAP- 



£2& 



Anno decimo o&avo Henric* VI. 



[1439- 



MR.6x.t6. 



s Lebn. 114, 
Gold tb. 11. 
Sfcvil 70. 



CAP. VL 

JVb lands /ball be granted by letters patents ; «»/// /£* JCfarg'j 
////* be found by inquifition. 

TTEM come en le parlcment 



ITEM, whereas in a parlia- 
ment holden at Weftminfter, 
the morrow after St. Matthew 
the Apojlle, the eighth year of the 
reign of our lord the King that 
now is, among other things it was 
ordained, That no lands or tene- 
ments feifed into the King's hands 
upon tnquejls taken before the ef- 
eheators or commijjioners, Jhallnot 
be granted nor let in any wife to 
ferm by the chancellor or ireafurer 
of England, or any other the 
king's officer, until the fame in- 
fuejfts and verditts be fully re- 
turned into the chancery, or into 
the exchequer, (2) but all fuch 
lands and tenements Jhall wholly 
and continually remain in the 
King's hands, until the faid in- 
quejts and verdiffs be returned, 
and by a month after the fame re- 
turn ; if it be not fo that he or 
they which feel themfelves grieved 
by the fame inquefis, or put out of 
their lands or tenements, come Into 
the chancery, and offer themfelves 
to traverfe the faid inquefis, and 
offer themfelves to take the fame 
kinds or tenements to ferm ; (3) 
and if they fo do, that then the 
fame lands and tenements /ball be 
committed to them, if they Jbew 
good evidences proving their tra- 
verfe to be true, according to the 
form of the flatutc made the fix 
and thirtieth year of King Ed- 
ward the Third, to hold until the 
tffue taken upon the fame traverfe 
be found and dijeuffed for the 
King, or for the party, finding 
fufficient furety to purjue the faid 
traverfe with effeft, and to yield 
and to pay to the King the yearly 
value of the lands or tenements, 
whereof the traverfe Jhall be fo 
taken. 



tenuz a Weftm' lendemayn 
de Seint Mathe lappoftel Ian 
du reigne noftre feignur le 
Roy qoreft viijnw ordine foit 
entre autres qe millez terres 
ne tenementz feifiez en mayns 
lc Roy fur enqueftes prifes de- 
vaunt les efchetours ne com- 
miflioners ne foient afcune- 
ment leflez ne erauntez a fer- 
nie per chaunceller ou treforer 
dEngleterre ou autre officer le 
Roy qeconqe tanqe mefmes les 
enqueftes & verditz foient re- 
tournez plainement en la 
chauncerie ou en lefcheqer 
mes demurgent toutz tielx 
terres & tenementz entirement 
& continuelment en lez mayns 
le Roy tanqe les ditz enqueftes 
& verditz foient retournes & 
par un moys apres mefme le 
retourne fi i flint ne foit qe ceux 
ou celuy qi fent ou fentent eux 
grevez par mefmes les enqueftz 
ou ouftes de lour terres ou te- 
nementz veignent en la chaun- 
cery & foy preferont de traver- 
fer les ditz enqueftes & foy of- 
feront de prendre mefmes les 
terres & tenementz a ferme 
foient commys a eux fils moiv- 
ftrent bons evidences pro- 
vaunt lour traverfe eftre ver- 
roiez folonc la fburme de le- 
ftatuit fait Ian xxxvinw le Roy 
E. tierce a tenir tanqe liflue fur 
mefme le traverfe pris foit trove 
& difcufle pur le Roy ou pur le 
partie trovant fuffifaunt furetc 
de fuer le dit traverfe ove effedte 
& de rendre paier au Roy lc 
annuel value de terres ou tene- 
mentz dount la traverfe ehfy 
ferra pris fils foit difcufle pur 
6 le 



).] Anno decimo oftavo Henrici VI. 



22J 



>y & fi afcuns lcttrcs pa- 
des afcuns tcrres ou te- 
ntz foient faitz a contra- 
afcun autre pcrfone ou 
i ferme deinz le dit moys 
tourne foient voidez & te- 
>ur null . Le quel bon eftatu- 
)rdinaunce divers perfones 
;inantz a fubverter par lour 
itie de fervir come de null 
ount daver tielx dones 
ites & fermes par lettres 
tes du Roy devaunt afcun 
fition on title trove pur le 
dicelx pretendauntz tielx 
i & grauntes nient eftre 
•rife ne remedies par le 
tatuit nient obftant qil eft 
*el mefchief de le dit e- 
t. Noftre feignur le Roi 
lerant les premifles & 
nt en ceo partie purvoier 
!medie ad ordeigne par 
>rite defuifdit qe nullez 
s patentes foient faitz a 
perfone ou perfones daf- 
; terres ou tenementz de* 
: inquis* de title du Roy 
eux trove en fa chaunce- 
u en fon efchequyr re- 
e fi title du Roy en yceux 
t trove de recorde ne deinz 
jys apres mefme. le re- 
e fil ne foit a celuy ou ceux 
ide ou tendent lour tra- 
; come defuis eft dit & fi 
s lettres patentes foient 
i contraire foient voides 
uz pur null. 



taken* if it be adjudged for the 
King ; (4) and if any Utters pa- 
tents of any lands or tenements 
be made io any other perf on to the 
contrary* or let to ferm within 
the faid month of the return* they 
/ball be void, and holdenfor none* 
(5) The which good flatute and 36 Ed. 3.0.1^ 
ordinance divers perfons devifing to 
fubvert* and by their fubtilty to 
ferve as for no purpofe* havefued 
to obtain fuch gifts and grants* 
and fcrms* by the King's letters 
patents* before any inquifttion or 
title found for the King of the 
fame* pretending fuch gifts and 
grants not comprijed nor remedied 
by the faid flatute* notwithfland- 
ing that it is in like mifchiefofthe 
faid flatute. (6) Our faid lord Bro Office, 56. 
the King, confidering the pre- Vy*** 1 * 6 ' 
mifles, and willing to provide 
due remedy in this behalf, 
hath ordained by the authority 
aforefaid, That no letters pa- No lands fliall 
tents (hall be made to any per- be granted be- 
fon or perfons, of any lands j°r e t / ,e . 
or tenements, before inquifi- ^"f^k ' 
tion of the King s title in the found by in- 
fame be found in the chancery quifition,nor 
or in his exchequer returned, wltn, j a 
if the King's title in the fame Cleft itfe 
be not found of record, nor him that ten- 
within the month after the dereth his tra- 
fame return, if it be not to him vcrfc * 
or them which tender their 
traverfes as afore is faid; (7) March 84. 
and if any letters patents be 
made to the contrary, they 13H6ci ^ 
(hall be void, and holden for 1H.8x.10.* 
none. 



CAR VII. 

bat time an ef cheat or fhall retutn an office found before 
him. 

)M ordeigne eft par lauc- 
rite defuifdit qe en cas 
un efchetour preigne af- 
rffice devaunt luy & ne 
ne mefme loffice en la 
chaun- 



ITEM, it is ordained by the 
authority aforefaid, That 
in cafe that any efcheator take 
any office before him, and re- 
turn not the fame office in the 
Qa chan- 



223 

An efcheator 
fliall return an 
office found 
before him in- 
to the chan- 
cery or ex- 
chequer with- 
in a month. 



Anno decimo octavo Henrici VL 



S H.6.C.16. 

1H.8.C.8. 



chancery, or in the King's ex- 
chequer, in the month after 
the taking of the fame, he (hall 
incur the pain of xl. li. which 
he hath forfeit by the ftltute 
tnade the eighth year of our 
faid lord the King: (2) andal- 
fo he (hall be charged to pay 
to the fame our lord the King 
as much as he is endamaged 
in refpeft of not returning of 
fuch office ; and that the chan- 
cellor of England call to him 
the treafurer of England in let- 
ting fuch ferms, to make due 
execution of the fad ftatute 
tnade the faid eighth year. 



chauncerie ou lefchequyf da 
Roy deins le moys apres la prife 
dicell qil outre la peyne de xl X\. 
les queux il ad forfeit par le- 
ftatut fait Ian du reigne noftre 
dit feignur le Roy oeptifme foil 
tenuz a paier a mefme noftre 
feignur le Roy a taunt come if 
eft endamage a caufe de non 
retourne de tiel office. Et cfi 
re chaunceller dEngleterre ap- 
pelle a luy le treforer dEngle- 
terre en leflant tieux ferine* 
pur due execution faire de dit 
eftatut fait le dit an oeptilmc. 



vin. 



CAP 

What things be requijite to make the King's fdfe conduct 

good. 

TTEM come plufours gentz 



ITEM, ivhereas many people of 
the commons afore faid, oilmen 
ofjhips and Veffels of this realm, 
and the majlers and mariners of 
fuch Jhips, taking Jhips and vcf- 
fels of Spain, and of other par- 
tie^ adverfarics and enethics to 
cur faid lord the King, by thefuit 
of merchants aliens of the King's 
amity \ made before the King and 
his council, and fometime before 
the chancellor 0/ England, have 
been greatly vexed, and be daily >, 
for that the faid takers do take 
their goods and merchandifes char- 
ged in the faid fbips and veffels of 
Spain and other parts, enemies 
aforefaid, and fometime by fatfe- 
witnefs, maris, and letters tejli- 
moniats, contrived, the faid' ali- 
ens be re/bred to the faid goods 
and merchandifes with their da- 
mages and cxpences, to the great 
and grievous lofs of the faid own- 
ers, majlers, and mariners, ta- 
kers aforefaid, and discourage- 
ment to tl'?e King's liege' people to 
make fuch Jhips and veffels, and 
in hindrance of the navy of the 
realm aforefaid: (2) our faid 

lord 



des communes fuifditz pof- 
feflburs de niefs & vefleaux du 
roiakne noftre fovereigne fei- 
gnur les maiftres & mariners 
de tielx niefs & vefleaux par- 
nours des niefs & vefleaux de 
Spayrte & dautres parties ad- 
versaries & enemeys au dit no- 
ftre foveraigne feignur par le 
fuyte des merchauntz aliens 
del amite du noftre Roy 
fait devaunt le Roy & fori 
counfall & afcun foitz devaunt 
le chaunceller dEngleterre ount 
efte griundement vexez & font 
de jour en autfe de ceo qe les 
ditz" parnours prifteronf lour 
biens & merchandifes chargez 
en mefmes les niefs & vefleaux 
de Spayne & autres parties e- 
nenryes fuifditz & afcun foitz 
par faux tefmoignes marques 
& lettres teftimonialx contre- 
vez fount reftorez as ditz biens 
& merchaundifes ove lojir da- 
mages & expenfes a graunde & 
grevoufe damage des ditz pof- 
feffours maiftres & mariners 
parnours fuifditz difcorage as 

ligC* 



).] Anno decimo odfavo Henrici VI. 



229. 



; noftre dit feignur le Roy 
e niefs & vefleaulx & en 
mfement du navie du roi- 
fuifdit noftre dit feignur 
)y confiderant la matier 
t & coment les biens & 
haundifes des lieges du 
enfemble cas chargez & 
s fount forfaitz au Roy ad 
gnez ic grauntez par lauc- 
: de fuifdit qe les dit mer- 
ntz aliens a lour volunte 
mnt charger tieulx niefs 
flealx de Spayne & dau- 
parties adversaries k ene- 
du Roy i\ les maiftres 
(Tours ou merchauntz de 
veflealx & niefs eient les 
s patentes du Roy de fon 
:onduit fuerte ou fauf- 
j pur tielx niefs vefleaulx 
erchaundife faifant men- 
du noun de niefs ou vef- 
k & de noun de meftre di- 
; niefs & veflalx fi come le 
ire eft fi afcuns tielx niefs 
jfleaulx chargpz ove afcu- 
lerchaundifesde tielx mer- 
ntz avauntditz foient pri- 
lr meer par lieges du Roy 
eiant les lettres patentz 
U>y come avaunt eft dit 
ins le bord de tielx niefs 
rfTeaulx a jour de la prife 
e tielx lettres patentz le 
de la prife foient en la 
ncellarie du Roy enrollez 
corde qe adonqes les par- 
s pofleflburs les biens & 
hau ndifes enfy prifez pour- 
enjoyer & tenir afcun efta- 
ou ordenaunce fait en la 
rairie non obftant. Et qe 
sftatuit & ordeinaunce foit 
mence a tenir fa force a 
k de Seint Michel prochein 
launt & qe proclamation 
>it fait fur les coftes de le 
• toft apresceft ordeinaunce 
intent qe les ditz mer- 
ntz aliens purrount avoir 



faunce de mefme Iordenaunce. 



lord the King confidering the 
matter aforefaid, and how the 

foods and merchandifes of the 
Ling's liege people in like cafe 
charged and jaken be forfeit to 
the King, hath ordained and 
granted by the authority afore- 
laid, That the fajd merchants 
aliens, at their pleafure, may JJjJ f JFg 
charge fuch (hips and veflels of tob^^oon- 
Spain, an4 of other parts, ad- ed by them 
verfaries and enemies of the ™ ho wil l tak ? 
King, if the maftc?rs, owners, JjjJiSn 1 ^ * 
or merchants of fuch veflels fa f c C0 {J| U ^ 
and (hi ps having letters patents 
of the Kipg, of his fete con- 
duct, furety, or fafeguard for 
fuch (hips or veflels, a&d mer- 
chandifes, making mention of 
the name of the (nips or Vef- 
fels, and of the name of the 
jnafter of the (hips and veflels, 
as the manner is; (3) and if 
any fuch (hips or veflels charg- 
ed with any merchandifes of 
fuch merchants aforefaid, be 
taken upon the fea by the 
King's liege people, not hav- 
ing the King's letters patents, 
as afore is^ faid, within the 
board of fuch (hips or veflels, 
at the day of the taking, nor 
that fuch letters patents at 
the day of the taking te in 
the King's chancery enrolled 
of record, that then the takers 
and pofleflbrs of the goods and 
merchandifes, fo taken, may 
enjoy and hold the fame, any 
ftatute or ordinance made to 
the contrary notwithftanding ; 
(4) and that this ftatute and 
ordinance (hall begin to take 
his force at the reaft of St. 
Aftchael next coming ; and 
that proclamation be thereof 
made upon the fea-coafts incon- 
tinently after this ordinance, to , 5 h. 6. c. 3, 
the intent that the faid mer- 20 H. 6.c. |> 
chants aliens may have know- H £ d. 4. c.^, 
ledge of the fame ordinance. 



<M 



CAP, 



2$0. 



Anno decimo o&avo Henrici VI. [i439« 



CAP. IX. 

Tbe warrant of attorney fhall be recorded in the fame term 
that the exigent is awarded. 

toH.6.c*. TTEM, whereas in a ftatute yT£M come en un eftatuit 

X expired, made the tenth year 

of the reign of our lord the King 

that now is, it was contained, 

That feeing divers of the King's 

liege \ people before that time had 

been outlawed, vexed, and greatly 

difquietcd in divers Juits, as well 

before the King himfelf in his 

bench, as in the common bench, in 

the records of which fats the en- 
tries have been made, that the 
A falfe entry, P^^iffs in the fame fuits Obtu- 
that the plain- lerunt fe inpropria perfona fua, 
tiffin a iuit where the fame plaintiffs in the 
dothoffcr r am fats did not appear to fuch 

^T'/f '> nor " ** tnMeof . . 

where be doth thejame, to the great mijcbiej of conufaunce avoient de cell au 

vot. the faid liege people, if remedy graund mifchief des ditz lieges 

Jhould not be provided : (2) Our 



JL determine fet Ian du reigne 
noftre feignur le Roy qoreft 
xme fuift contenuz coment pur 
ceo qe divers lieges le Roy a- 
vaunt cex heures ount efte ut- 
lages vexez & graundement 
difieifez en diverz fuytes fibien 
devaunt le Roy mefme en fon 
bank come en le commune 
bank en les recordes les queux 
fuytes les entres ount efte taitz 
qe le pleintifs en mefme le fuy- 
tes optulerunt fe in propria 
perfona fua lou mefme les 
pleintifs en mefme les fuytes 
napparerunt as tielx fuytes ne 



lord the King, willing in this cafe 
to provide a remedy, did ordain, by 
authority of the fame parliament 
holden the fame year, that no fy- 
lifer, exigentor, nor any other of- 
ficer, from the fame time Jhould 
make any fuch entry in any fuch 
fuit, except that the fame plaintiff 
in the fame fuit, before any fuch 
entry Jball le made, do appear in 
his proper perfon before fome of 
the jujlices of the place where the 
plea zvas or Jball be hanging; (3) 
and there Jbull be fzoorn upon a 
book, that he was the fame perfon 
in whofe name the [aid fuit was 
fued, or that fome other credible 
perfon of his council Jball make 
fuch oath for him. (4) And that 
this ordinance Jhall endure until the 
next parliament following. (5) 
Our faid lord the King confi- 
dering moreover like damages, 
which happen as well to him, 
as to his poor liege people and 
Aibje&s, for that in the re- 
cords 



fi remedie ne ferroit purveu en 
cell partie. Noftre feignour le 
Roy voillant en ceo cas pur- 
voier de remedie ordeigna par 
auclorite du parlement tenuz 
mefme lanqenull philicer exi- 
genter ne autre officer depuis 
mefme le temps ferroit tiel en- 
tre en afcun fuyte finon qe le 
pleintif en mefme le fuyte a- 
vaunt qe afcun tiel entre fer- 
roit fait apparage en le propre 
perfone devaunt afcun des juf- 
tices de lieu lou le plee fuift ou 
ferroit pendant & illoeqes fer- 
roit jure fur un livre qil faift 
mefme la perfone en qe noun 
le dit fuyte fuift fuye ou qe 
autre creable perfone de fone 
counfaill ferroit tiel ferement 
pur luy. Er qe le dit ordci- 
naunce dureroit tanqe al pro- 
chein parlement apres ceo. No- 
ftre dit feignur le Roy confide- 
rant outre ceo femblable da- 
rn a gez le quel avient fibien a 
luy come a fez povre lieges 



Anno decimo o&avo Henrici VI, 



& fubje&z pur ceo qc en les' 
recordes des divers & plufours 
utlagaries lentre eft qe les par- 
ties apparent par lour attour- 
neys lou les attourneys nount 
garraunt de recorde a caufe de 
quel les ditz utlagariez fount 
reverfahle & pur le greindre 
partie reverfez ad ordeigne par 
au<ftorite diced parlement qe 
le dit eftatuit foit afferme tenuz 
& garde a durer a toutz jours. 
Et qe null officer contenuz en 
le dit eftatut face le contraric 
dicell fur peyne de forfere xl.s. 
a Roy chefcun foitz qe il eft 
de ceo atteint par due exami- 
nation feet par afcun des jufti- 
ces de mefme le place devaunt 
qe afcun entre ou recorde eft. 
Et qe chefcun attorney qe nad 
fon garraunt entre de recorde 
en toutz fez fuytz en les queux 
proc' de Capias & exigent eft 
agardable mefme le terme en 
le quel lexieent eft agarde ou 
devaunt & fur ceo atteint par 
femblable examination pur 
chefcun foitz qe il ifiint offende 
encourge la peyne avauntdit. 



231 



The ftatute of 
10 H. 6. c.4. 
rehearfed aw} 
made perpe- 
tual. 



cords of divers and many out* 
lawries, the entry is, that the 
parties do appear by their at- 
tornies, where the attornies 
have no warrant of record, by 
reafon whereof the faid outlaw- 
ries be reverfible, and for the 
moft part reverfed hath ordain- 
ed by authority of this parlia- 
ment, That the faid ftatute be 
affirmed, holden, and kept to 
endure for ever. (6) And that 
no officer contained in the faid 
ftatute, (hall do to the contrary 
of the lame, upon pain of for- 
feiture of forty (hillings to the 
King, every time that he of 
that (hall be attainted by due 
examination made by any of the 
juftices of the fame place be- 
fore whom any entry or record 
is. (7) And that every attor- 
ney wnich hath not his warrant 
entered of record in all his 
fiiits wherein procefs of Capias 
and Exigent be awardable, the 
fame term in which the Exi- 
gent is awarded, or before, and 
upon that be attainted by like 
examination for every time that 
he fo offendeth, he (hall incur 
the pain aforefaid. 

CAP. X. 

Commffions of fewer s Jhall be awarded where need jhall re- 
quirt \ during ten years. 

ITEM, whereas at the parliament holden at Wejlminfier^ at Ex» edit. Raft, 
the xv. of St. Michael^ the fixth year of the reign of oijr 
faid fovereign lord the Kin| for the great damages and lofles, * 
which happen by the great nfing of water of the fea in divers 
parts of this realm, by authority of the fame parliament it was conmrfflfcn 
ordained and granted, That by ten years then next enfuing, fe- f fewenu 
veral commiffions of fewers (houldbe made to divers perfons by 
the chancellor for the time being; to be named in all the parts 
of the faid realm, where need (hould be, after the form that 
followeth in the fame ftatute. And now of late in divers parts 
of the faid realm by the great rifing of water of the fea, many 
towns and lands in great quantity be drowned and deftroyed, to 
the great hindrance of the faid realm, and many great damages 
be likely to happen if remedy be not haftily provided in mis 
|?ehalf ; The King, willing to provide for tnp fame, hath or- 



The penalty \t 
an attorney 
records not 
hit warrant 
the fame term 
the Exigent if 
awarded. 
3Ed.LC.s9. 
3* H.f .c.30. 
»&3Ed.6. 
C3». 
iS El.c.z4f 



23* 



* H. 6/c. 5. 



c. 16. 

i8Ed.}.fbt.i 
ex. 

jjR.i.ftat. 1, 
c. 7. 



Anno decimo Q&avo Henrici VI. [ 1439. 

dained and ftabliftied by authority of this parliament, That by 
ten years next enfuing after this prefent parliament, feveral 
commiflions of fewers (hall be made to divers perfons by the 
chancellor of England for the time being, to be named in all the 
parts of the faid realm, where need (hall be, after the form 
and effect of a commiftion contained in the faid ftatute the 
fame fixth year. And moreover he hath ordained and ftablifhed 
by the fame authority,That all fuch commiflioners have power to 
make, ordain, and execute ftatates and ordinances and other 
affairs after the effect and purport of the faid commiflions. 

CAP. XI. 

Of what yearly value in lands ajujlice of peace ought to be. 



No man (hall 
b< juftice of 
frffcee tirtlef s 
he hath lands 
to the yearly 
Value of xx. li. 

Cra Jac. 643. 



ITEM, Whereas by flatutes 
made in the time of the King's 
, noble progenitors, it was ordained, 
77:at in every county of England 
jufiices Jkculd be affigned of the 
mofl worthy of the fame counties, 
to keep the peace* and to do other 
things, as in the fame flatutes fully 
.is contained ; which flatutes not- 
withflanding now of lite in many 
counties ^England, the greatefl 
number have been deputed and af- 
ftgnedy which before this time were 
not wont to be y whereof fome be 
ef fmall havings by whom the 
people will not be governed nor 
ruled) and fome for their neceffity 
do great extortion and opprefpon 
upon the people, whereof great 
inconveniencies be likely to rife 
daily if the King thereof do not 
provide remedy: (2) the King 
willing againft fuch inconve- 
niencies to provide remedy, 
hath ordained and eftablifhed, 
by authority aforefaid, That 
, no juftice of peace within the 
realm of England, in any coun- 
ty, (hall be afligned or deputed, 
it he have hot lands or tene- 
ments to the' value of xx. li. 
by year ; (3) and if any be or- 
dained hereafter to be juftice 
of peace in any county, which 
hath riot lands or tenements to 
the value aforefaid, that he 
thereof (hall give knowledge to 
the chancellor of England for 
the time being, which (hall put 
another 



ITEM come par les ftatutz 
faitz en temps du nobles 
progenitours du Roy ordeigne 
(bit qe en chefcun counte 
dEngleterre foient aflignez juf- 
ticez de la pluis vaillaunt di* 
mefmes les countees pur gar- 
der la peas & autres chofes af- 
faire come en mefmes leftatutz 
pleinement eft contenuz les 
queux eftatutz nient obftantz 
en plufours countees dEngle- 
terre ore tarde ount efte depu- 
tez & aflignez pluis graunde 
noumbre qe ne foleit avaunt 
cez heures dount afcuns fount 
de petit avoir par queux les 
gentz ne voi'lcnt eftre gover- 
nez ne demefnez & afcuns pur 
lour neceflite fount graunde 
extortion & oppreflion fur le 
people dount graundez incon- 
venientz fount femblablez de 
furdier de jour en autre fi re- 
medie ent par le Roy ne foit 
purveux. Le Roi voillant en- 
contre tielx inconvenientz pur- 
voier de remedie ordeigne & 
eftablie par lau&orite defuifdit 
qe null juftice du peas deins le 
roialme dEngleterre en null 
counte foit alfigne ou depute 
fil neit ferrez & tenementz a 
la value de xx. li. par an et (i 
afcun foit ordeigne en apres 
juftice du peas en afcun coun- 
tee qi nad terrcz & tenements 
a la value fuifdit cie il de ceo 
notilie le chaunceller dEngle- 
terre 



j.] Anno decimo o&avo Henrici VI; 



«3S 



pur le temps efteant le 
mettc un aultre fuffifaunt 
n lieux et fil ne face le dit 
ication comedevauntdeins 
noys apres ceo qe il ad 
e du tiel commiifion ou 
fc ou face afcun garaunt 
•recept par force du tiel 
rriflion qe il encourge la 
e de xx. li. & nientmeins 
rafte del commiifion come 
jnt & eit le Roy lun 
e du dit peyne & celuy qi 

fuer pur le Roy lautre 
e & eit celuy qi enfy veult 
ler pur le Roy & pur luy 
les adtion a deman er 
ic la peyne par brief du 
al commune ley* 
irveu toutz foitz qe ceft 
uunce ne fe extende as 
i villes ou burghs queux 
: countees incorporates de 
mdmes ne as citees villes 
urghs qe ount juftices de 
dcs gentz demurantz en 
>arcommiflionou graunte 
oy ou de fez progenitours. 
eu toutz foitz qe fils ne 
t gentz fuffifauntz eiantz 
» & tenementz a la * value 
t apris en la ley & de bofi 
nance deins afcun tiel 
re qe le chaunceller dEn- 
tc pur le temps .efteant 
>air de mettre autres dif- 

apris en la ley en tielx 
niflions mefqe its ne eient 
; & tenementz a la value, 
t par fa difcretion. 



another fufficient in his place ; 

(4) and if he give not the faid 

knowledge fas before) within 

a month after that he hath cu™— 

notice of fuch commiflion, or f ' 399 * 

if he fit, or make any warrant 

or precept by force of fuch 

commiflion, he (hall incur r 

the penalty of xx. li. and 

nevertheless be put out of the 

commiflion as before, (5) and 

the King (hall have one half of 

the faid penalty, and he that 

will fue for the King, the other 

half; and he that will fue for 

the King, and for himfelf, 

(hall have an a&ion to demand 

the fame penalty by writ of 

debt at the common law. 

II. Provided always, That Certain per- 

this ordinance (hall not extend ^SJSS^ 
^ , 1 to whom this 

to cities, towns, or boroughs, fbtutcdotn 

which be counties incorporate not extend, 
of themfelves, nor to cities, 
towns, or boroughs which have 
juftices of peace of perfons 
dwelling in the fame by corn-* 
miflion or warrant of the King, 
or of his progenitors. (2) Pro- 
vided alfo, That if there be not 
fufficient perfons having lands 
and tenements to the value 
aforefaid, Teamed in the law, 
and of good governance, within 
any fuch county, that the 
chancellor of England for the 
time being (hall have power 
to put other difcreet perfons, 
learned in the law, in fuch 
commiflions, though they have 
not lands or tenements to the 
value aforefaid, by his difcre- 
tion. 



he word value, which is in the printed editions, Mr. Cay obferves 
on the roll. 



CAP. 




234 



Anno decimo gftavo Henrici VI. [1439* 



$ H. 5. c i. 



A writ of con- 
fpiracy main- 
tainable a- 
gainft the in- 
di&ors, (pro- 
curators, and 
confpirators. 
Regfe. 134. 
Raft. pi. 1*3. 
F.N.B. 115. 
K. 



CAP. XII. 

Appeals or indictments of felony commit ted, in a place where 
there is none fuck. 

ITEM come al parlement 
tenuz a Weftm' al feconde 
jour de May Ian du regne du 
Roy Henry quint pier au Roy 
quoreft ix™* entre autres or- 
deigne fuift & eftablie pur ceo 
qe plufours gentz par malice 
enmite & vengeance facent fo- 
vent foytz des foialx lieges du 
Roy eflre appellez ou enditees 
en divers countees des trefons 
ou des felonies fuppofantz par 
les ditz appelles ou endite- 
mentz qe les ditz trefons & fe- 
lonies nirent faitz en un cer- 
tein lieu en tiel countee ou len- 
ditement eft fait ou tiel lien 
come eft ou ferra declare par 
les ditz appelles lou null tiel 
lieu eft en mefme le countee 
qe le procefle dicell foient voi- 
dez & tenuz pur null et qe les 
enditours procuratours & con- 
fpiratours foient auxint puniz 
par imprifonement fyn & ran- 
feon pur avantage du Roy par 
difcretion des juftices et qe les 
ditz appellez ou enditees pur- 
ront aver briefs de confpiracie 
vers lour enditours procura- 
tours & confpiratours & reco- 
verer lour damages. Et qe ceft 
ordenaunce eftoife en fa force 
tanqe a prochein parlement a 
tenier puis la revenue le dit 
nadgairs Roy en Engleterre 
de pardela le quel eftatuit par 
le trefpaflement du dit nadgairs 
Roy par oppinion des afcuns 
eft expire & par oppinion de 
afcuns nient expire. Mefme 
noftre feignur le Roy qoreft 
confiderant qe la dit ordenaunce 
fuift bon & profitable pur le 
bien de luy & fez lieges ad de- 
clare 



ITEM, IVhereas in the par- 
liament holden at Weftmin- 
fter the fecond day of May, the 
ninth year of the reign of King 
Henry the Fifth, father to the 
King that now is, amongfi other 
things it was ordained and ejla- 
blijhed, for that many people by 
malice, envy, and revenge, caufe 
often the King's liege people to be 
appealed or indifted in divers 
counties of treafons or of felonies, 
fuppofmg by the faid appeals or 
indielments, that the faid treafons 
or felonies were done in a certain 
place in fuch a county where the 
indictment is made, or fuch a place 
as is or Jhall be declared by the 
faid appeals, where no fuch place 
is in the fame county, tnat the pro- 
cefs of the fame Jhall be void, and 
holden for none; (2) and that 
the indictcrs, procurators, and 
eonfpirators, Jhall be alfo punifbed 
by imprifonment and fine, and 
ranfomfor the King's advantage, 
by the difcretion of the jujiices ; 
(3) and that the faid appellees 
or indictees may have writs of 
confpiracy againft their indie- 
tor?, procurators, and conjpira- 
tors, and Jhall recover their 
damages. (4) And this ordi- 
nance Jhall /land in his force un- 
til the next parliament to be 
holden after the coming again of 
the faid late King into England. 
from beyond the fea ; (5) which 
Jlatute by the deceafe of the faid 
late King, by opinion of J'cme is 
expired, and by the opinion of 
fome not expired. (6) The fame 
our lord the King that now is, 
confidering that the faid ordi- 
nance was good and profitable 

for 



Anno decimo oAavo Henrici VI. 235 

; ordeigne par audfcorite for the weal of him and his A confirma- 
refent parlement at la liege people, hath declared and x ™ °J. tl £ 
enaunce fait le dit an ordained by authority of this c f . &9H. ^ 
mfy par la tnort de fon prefent parliament, That the c . 1. touchiug 
come afcuns entendent faid ordinance made in the faid appeals or in- 
& nient autrement re- ninth year, and foby the death fe^™^* 8 ^. 
►it & demurge efFe&uell of his faid father, as tome think, fo° ny r , 
liable eftatuit & orde- expired, and not otherwife re- 
en ley perpetuelment a pealed, (hall be and abide an 
, effectual and available ftatute 
and ordinance in law perpe- 
tually to endure. 

CAP. XIII. 

irmation of the ft a tut e of 9 Hen. V. c. 2. concern- 
forfeitures on outlawries in the county of Lancafter. 

VI, Whereas at a parliament holden at Weftminfter, ^l^nd****" 
nddayof May, the ix year of the reign of King Henry the outlawry. 
father to the King that new ts, among other things it tvas or- Countv of 
and Jlablijhed, That none of the King's liege people, again ft Lancafter. 
my exigent Jhall be awarded, or outlawed at the King's fuit in 
come, or at the fuit of the party in the county ^/"Lancafter, 
r orfeit any of his goods or chattels, lands or tenements in other 
' ; except the goods and chattels lands or tenements, which the 
flaws have in the fame county ^Lancafter. Provided always, 
hejlatute made^ the firjl year of King Henry the\Fourth, father 
me King Henry the Fifth, againjl the people of the county of 
t, which do to divers of the King's liege people in divers court- Chefter. 
England, divers manjlaughters, murders, robberies, batteries, 
r es, and other riots and offences, Jhall ftand in his force, notwith- 
f this ordinance. And that the faid ordinance Jhall Jland in his 
11 the parliament fr/I to be holaed, after the return of the faid 
'ng Henry the Fifth, into England from beyond thefea, which 
by the deceafe of the faid late King Henry the Fifth, by opinion 
is expired, and by the opinion offome not expired: our fove- 
lord the King, confidering the premifes, hath declared 
dained by authority of this prefent parliament, That the 
•dinance, in the manner and form made the faid ix. year, 9 **• 5* c « *• 
: death of the faid late Xing Henry the Fifth, as fome **££££ 
expired and not otherwife repealed, (hall be and remain 
tal, and an available ftatute and ordinance in law to en- 
11 the next parliament, and fo forth for ever, if fo be that 
ct this and the fame next parliament, no fuch. inconve- 
: happen in this behalf, for the which it (hall feem to the 
and the lords of the parliament at this time, that it (hall 
expedient this ordinance to endure longer after the fame 
parliament. 



CAP. 



?36 



Anno dccimo o&avo Henrici VI. [ 1439. 



Ptrjun> 
Panel*. 



Shtrifc 



Staple cf 
Calais. 
Wools woo 1 - 
fels, &c. 
3 In ft. 95. 



CAP. XIV. 

The penalty for taking bribe in the arraying of a jury. 

ITEM, forasmuch as great perjuries daily abound within the realm 
of England, more than were wmt to be in times paft, by s occafion 
of favourable arrays and panels made by the/heriffs and under 'Sheriffs, 
which have power to make or array fuch arrays or panels for money \ 
and great rewards that they take for the fame, whereby divers of the 
King's liege people be dijherited and hindered, and other put to great 
hfs of' their goods and chattels, andjome to great peril of their lives, 
agatnjl right, good faith, and conscience : the King considering the 
premises, and willing to avoid fuch perjuries, hath ordained and 
granted by authority aforefaid, That if any (heriff, underiheriff, 
or other, whitfi have power to make and array fuch arrays and 
panels, take by him or by any other to his ufe, any hire, gift, or 
reward to make or array fuch arrays or panels, that he which 
feeleth himfelf grieved in this behalf, (hall have his fuit by writ 
or by bill againft the fheriff, underiheriff or other, whicn ma- 
keth fuch arrays or panels, before the juftices where the laid 
arrays and panels (hall be returned, to recover ten times as 
much as they (hall receive for making fuch arrays or panels. 
And the faid juftices (hall have power by authority aforefaid, to 
hear and determine fuch fuits, as well by examination of the 
defendants in thefe fuits, as by trial of inquefts thereof to be 
taken, and to give judgment for the faid plaintiffs, againft the 
faid defendants, and every of them which fo (hall be found 
guilty, and upon that to award execution. And in every fuch 
fuit by writ, fuch procefs (hall be awarded as (hould be awarded 
in a writ of trefpafs done againft the King's peace. Provided, 
That every fuit which (hall be taken againft the (heriffs, under- 
(heriffs, or other, which (hall make or array fuch arrays or pa- 
nels, betaken in the fame counties where they (hall be (heriffs, 
underlheriffs or ofheers at the time of fuch panels or arrays to 
be made or arrayed. And that this ordinance (hall begin to hold 
place at the fea$ of Eqfter next coming, and (hall endure till the 
next parliament. And if at the. next parliament it (hall feem 
4o the King and to the lords, which then (hall be in the fame 
parliament, that this ordinance is good for the weal of the King 
and of his realm, then this ordinance (hall endure for cvcr?y&i/- 
ing always to every perf on his liberty and franchife. 

CAP. XV. 

// Jhall be felony to carry wool or woolfeh to any other 
.place than to Calais, favingfucb which pafs the fir eights 
o/Marrock, 

ITEM, the King conftdering how divers per font, by divers fubtil 
imaginations of deceit, carry and bear away wools and woolfeh 
out of this realm, to other places than to the Jlaple 0/" Calais, in de- 
ceiving the King of his cujloms and fubftdies, and to the dejlrudion of 



I 



1439.^ Anno dedmo o&avo Henrici VI. 233? 

the faid JlapU of Calais : hath ordained by the'authority afore- 
faid, That no manner of perfon, of what condition that he be, 
(hall carry, or do to be carried any wools or woolfels cuftomably 
out of this realm, to other places than to the ftaple of Calais. 
without the King's fpecial licence, upon pain of felony. And Fc l° n y* 
if any perfon from henceforth do contrary to this ordinance, 
and thereof be convid or attainted, that he be adjudged for a 
felon. And that as well commiffioners afligrted as the juftices, 
in every county where fuch wools and woolfels (hall be fo car- 
ried out, (hall nave power and authority by the fame ordinance 
to inquire of the premifles, and then to near and determine* 
Provided always that the wools, which pafs theflreigbts of Mmock) Straight* of 
fbaU be in no wife comprifed within this ordinance. Marrock, 

CAP. XVI. 

There fh all be but one me after e of cloth through the realm by 
the yard and the inch, and not by the yard and the hand- 
ful, according to the London meafure. 

TEM* forafmuchas it is meritorious and alms, to depart the 
truth from the deceit, as now of late in a parliament holden at 
Weftminfter, much deceit was put out, that greatly endamaged many 
perfons, which was called a Sauft, otherwife called a powder or an 
hauncer, which grieved manyfaithful people, and as now it is to be 
eonftdered, that great deceits be now u/ed, which do endamage the poor 
cloth-makers and the fellers of cloths which in meafuring unduly with- 
out rea/onable meafure, as well of broad cloth and jlreit as much by a °« 1 -ro« CT » 
the hands of the merchants aliens, as denizens, as well in fair, market, 
oity, and borough, and fpecially in the city of London, as in other London. 
places, where fuch cloth-makers and fellers of cloth be moft commonly 
ufed, and in time to come ought to be repairing, for where they were . 

wont to meafure the cloth by the yard and the full inch, now they will Q*t£ nng 
meafure by the yard and the full hand, which groweth to the increafe 
of the buyer two yards of every cloth of xxnij. yirds, which increafe 
tumeth to the avail of no man, ofwoat degree foever he be, but only 
to the buyer. For when a lord /ball buy his livery, he Jballfind the 
fame in meafure or in price. Andfo they be oppreffed with a great 
and unreafonable meafuring of their cloths, for where any merchant of 
this land, but at London, will make a cloth in meafuring xxiiij. 
yardss they will make thereof xxij. or lefs, faying that it is the meafure 
of London : by which opprejfion many men be grievou/fy endamaged. 
our fovereign lord the King, confideringthe premifles, doth or- 
dain by the authority aforefaid, in every place in this land to be 
one certain meafure, whereas thete is a warden of the aulnage Meafure. 
of cloth that he have a line made of (ilk or of thread, of the right Warden of 
meafure in manner of ftrcight tiffue, fealed at both ends, after aulnage. 
the advice of the barons of the exchequer. And every warden 
of the aulnage (hall pay for his line, which line (hal! contain in 
length twelve yards, and twelve inches, and the faid line fifcned 
at every yard an inch, and at the end of the half yard, half an 
inch* a* quarter of a yard, a quarter of an inch, to meafure a 

whol* 



238 Anno decimo oftavo Henrici VI. t f 439» 

Line fcaled. whole cloth or a dozen broad or (freight, meafuring for the 
dozen of cloth watered, twelve yards and twelve inches, and of 
dry cloth unwatered fourteen yards and fourteen inches ; fo 
meafuring the length till the end of the cloth, according as it is 
of length in manner as aforefaid : when the faid warden of the 
aulnage is required, taking for his labour for every whole cloth 
of broad cloth, a penny, and for every ftreight cloth a farthing. 
And in the city or L ndon, and other cities, boroughs, fairs, and 
markets, where cloth Is moil ufed to be fold, that there the 
warden of the aulnage, or his deputies (hall be ready to do right 
betwixt merchant and merchant, if he be required. Provided, 
That if the merchant feller have a line fcaled with the King's 
feal of the exchequer, in the manner afore rehearfed ready, then 
himfelf to meafure his cloth by the fame in reafonable manner, 
if they may not agree to meafure by the yard, any whole cloth 
or dozen broad or ftreit, any francnife notwithftanding. And 
Merchant & * c merchant feller meafure not rightfully but deceitfully and 
deceitfully that immediately may be proved by indifferent perfons, then he 
meafuring. (hall forfeit for every cloth fix (hillings and eight pence, whereof 
two parts (hall be to the King, and the third part to him which 
will fue. And if any merchant buyer will refufe this ordinance, 
then he (hall forfeit an hundred (hillings, two parts to the King, 
the third part to him that will fue for the fame. And fo one 
manner of rightful meafuring (hall be ufed in all this land, as 
•well as of right weight. And that this ordinance (hall endure 
till the next parliament. 

CAP. XVII. 

Vejfels of wine, oil, and honey, Jhall be gauged. 

ITEM, pur ceo qe toutz 
les tonels pipes tertians et 
hoggefhedes de vin oyle & 
meie vendables deins le roialme 
dEngleterre doient & foloient 
folonc launcien aflife de tnef- 
me le roialme conteiner un 
certein mefure ceftaffavoir chef- 
cun tonell JJ xij galons chefcun 
pipe Jf vj. galons chefcun ter- 
tiane j\J. iiij. galons chefcun 
hoggefhed ". iij. galons & par 
divers eftatuitz foit ordeigne qe 
les tonels & pipes de vin (bient 
gaugez mais pur le gauger de 
tonels & pipes de oyle & mele 
ne de tertians & hoggefhedes 
de vin nuil ordenaunce de cer- 
tein eftoit fait devant cez heures 
au graunde damage du Roy & 
du fon people* : Le Roy voiW 

lant 



ITEM, becaufe all the tuns, 
pipes, tertians and bog/beads of 
wine, oyU and honey, vendible 
within the realm of England, 
ought and were wont according to 
the antient ajjife of the fame realm, 
to contain a certain meafure, that 
is to fay, every tun twclve-fcore 
and twelve gallons, every pipe 
Jix-Jcore and fix gallons, every 
tertian four-fore and four gallons, 
and every bog/head threescore and 
Confirmed by t y ee gallons ; (2) and by divers 
*8H.j.c *+-jf atutes j t fat}, been ordained, 
a£eonard,38, That the tuns and pipes of wine 



pi. 5 1. 



Jhall be gauged-, (3) but for the 
gauging of tuns, and pipes of oil 
and honey, or of tertians and hog- 
/heads of wine, no ordinance hath 
been made in certain before tins 
time, to the great damage of. the 
* Xing 



.] Anno decimo o&avo Henrici VI." 



encountre ceft damage 
uer dc remedic en ceft 

ad graunte* & ordeigne 
idtorite defuifdit qe defore 
unt toutz maners tonels 

tertians & hoggefliedes 
de vin come de oyle & 
a vendre deins le dit 
le foient bien & loiajmcnt 
z par le gaugeour du Roy 
r ton deputee devaunt qe 
ient venduz fur peyne de 
re au Roy tout le vmoyle 
le en contrarie venduz ou 
ue dicell. Et en cas qe 

perfone de quelqe paiis 
it defore enavaunt vende 
in liege du Roy pur afcun 

en certein afcun tonell 
tertian ou hoggefhed de 
yle ou mele qe defaille 
ement del affife & mefure 
itdit qil alowe & rebate 
ffme la price a lachatour 
I vin oyle & mele a taunt 

tiel default par la rate 
tera fur peyne de forfaire 
yy le value de tout le vin 
k mele au contrarie ven - 
ifcun prive covenant fait 
"aire entre le vendour & 
tour au contrarie de ceft 
aunce non obftant. Et 
efcun qi efpie afcun des 
:ures avaunditz & ent 
ne le treforer dEngleterre 
i barons del efchequer le 

de mefmez les forfai- 
per fon travaill. 
rveux toutz foitz qe le 
ugeour preigne & eit pur 
ibour entour le gaugeour 
lefcun tonell & pipe de 
k mele ficome if prent et 
chefcun tonell & pipe de 
: pur chefcun tertiane & 
tfhed folonc lafferant. 



239 

King and of his people. (4) The All veffcls of 
King willing againft this da- « JjS 
mage to provide a remedy in &aug ed and 
this behalf, hath granted and the content o 
ordained by authority aforefaid, every vcflel t< 
That from henceforth all man- bc *"*• 
ner of tuns, pipes, tertians* 
and hogftieads, as well of wine 
as of oil, to be fold within the 
realm, {hall be well and law- 
fully gauged by the" King's 
gauger, or by his deputy, be- 
fore they be fold, upon pain to 
forfeit to the king all the wine, 
oyl, and honey, contrary fold, 
or the value of the fame. (5) Abatement 
And in cafe that any perfon, (hall be made 
of what country that he be, of the price 
from henceforth fell to any of f ? r the W** 
the King'sliege people, forany ffiS^* 
price in certain, any tun, pipe, 
tertian or hoglhead of wine, 
oil, and honey, which wanteth 
in any wife of the affife and 
meafure aforefaid, that he al- • 
low and abate of the fame 
price to the buyer of fuch 
wine, oil, and honey, as much 
as fuch default after the rate 
(hall amount unto, (6) upon 
pain to forfeit to the King the 
value of all the wine, oil, and 
honey to the contrary fold, 
any privy covenant made or 
to be made betwixt the feller 
and the buyer contrary to this 
ordinance notwithftanding. (7) 
And every perfon that efpieth 
any of the forfeitures aforefaid, 
and thereof doth inform the 
treafurer of England, or the ba- 
rons of the exchequer, (hall 
have the half of the feme for- Jhc ganger's 
feitures for his labour. g Sffi" 

II. Provided always, That or pipe ofho- 
the faid gauger take and have ney or oil. 
for his labour for the gaugine *7 Ed. 3.ftat. 
of every tun and pipe of oil an? *' c ' *' 



r, as he taketh and hath of every tuft and pipe of wine, and *r. j. c . 'i Jm 
ery tertian and hogfhead after the rate. 1 1 H. 7. c. *1 



CAP. 



24® 



Axino decimo oflavo Henrici VL 



[H3^ 



The inconve 
niencies cnfu 



cap. xvin. 

How much a captain Jhall forfeit that doth detain any part 
of bis foldiers wages. 



ITEM, For that the King is and 
m hath been well certified of many 

tains not pay- £ reat deceits and falfities, which 



ing of their 
feidiers, 



bath been done to him and to his 
realm byfome of the captains which 
have before this time indented with 
the King toferve him in the feat 
ofwar,fome beyond the fea and 
in divers parts, as they be ap- 
pointed and bound by their inden- 
tures, afidfome in his marches on 
this fide the fea, and their wages 
have been truly paid and contented 
by the King, according to their in- 
dentures, for them and for all 
their retinue, according to their 
degrees, which wages many of the 
faid captains have abufed, and ta- 
ken upon them to deduce from their 
9 foldiers, offome more, and fome 
Ufs \ fo that fuch, from whom 
they have abated, have not been 
able to continue their fervice, nor 
perform the fame as of right and 
reafon they ought to have done, 
and per adventure were willing to 
have done, if they had been fully 
paid\ whicn hath caufed them to 
fell to robbery and pillage, as well 
on this fide the fea before their 
going, as beyond the fea, when 
they came thither, amongfi other 
things it hath been a great caufe 
of long continuance of the war, 
and great damage and lofs which 
hath fallen to the fcigniories and 
countries of the King in bis 
obeifance beyond the fea, and not 
only that, but lofs alfo of great 
treafure which hath been granted 
to the King, and paid in the form 
a fore faid for the defence of his 
land. 
The forfeittire H. The King, willing againft 
&2S5L fuchdamagesandloffesm R ro- 
tain any part Vltle * remedy m this behalf, 

hath 



ITEM pur ceo qe le Roy eft 
& ad efte bien apris de 
plufours & graundes drfceites 
& fauxins queux ount efte faitz 
a luy & a fon roialme par afcuns 
de les capitains qi ount avaunt 
ceo endentez ove le Roy de luy 
fervire en le fait de guerre al- 
cuns de pardela & as diverfes 
parties ficome ils fount ordelg- 
nez & obligez par lour enden- 
tours et afcuns en fez marches 
de pardecea & de le Roy pur 
lour gages ount efte droitment 
paiez & contentez accordant a 
lour ditz endentours pur eux 
& pur toutz lour retenues fo- 
lonc lour degrees de les quel- 
les gages plufours des ditz ca- 
pitains ount abufez & priz fur 
eux dabatier fur lour foldeours 
dafcun pluis & dafcun meyns 
iflint qe tielx fur queux ils 
ount abatez nount eftede poair 
de continuer lour fervice ne 
ceo parfourmcr come de droit 
& reafon ils duiftcnt aver fait 
& fortunement voilloient aver 
fait fils uflcnt efte pleinemeot 
paiez le quel ad caufe eux de- 
cheier a robberie & pilage fibien 
devaunt lour alance de parde- 
cea come de pardela quant ils 
la vendrount entre autres ad 
efte une graunde caufe de la 
longe continuance de la guerre 
& graunde damage & perde qi 
ount cheiez a lez feignuries du 
Roy & pays en fa obefance de 
pardela et nient ceo tantfole- 
ment mes perde auxint de 
graunde bien qad efte graunte 
au Roy & paie en la fourme 
avauntdit pur la defenfe de fa 
terre. 
Le Roy voillant encountre 
autklx 



H39-] 



Anno decimo o&avo Henrici VI. 



autielx damages & perdes pur* 
voier dc remedie en cell partie 
ad ordeigne par lauftorite fuif- 
dit qe null capitaine qi defore 
enavaunt avera le conduite 
d autielx retenues & receivera 
les gages le Roy pur ceo abata 
de fez fouldours ne de afcun de 
eux afcun partie de lour glgez 
finon qil foit pur lour vefture 
ceftaflavoir fils foient gagez 
pur un dimi an x. s. une robe 
un gentile home & vj. s. viij. 
d. pur un vadlet fur peyne de 
xx. li.' pur chefcun lance & 
x. li.' pur chefcun arc au Roy 
fur qi il abata fur le tenure 
diced. 



2 4 I 

of his foldicrt 
wages. 



hath ordained by the authority 

aforefaid, That no captain 

which hereafter (hall have the 

conduit of fuch retinues, and 

fliall receive the King's wages 

for the fame, (hall abate of his 

foldiers, nor any of them, any 

part of their wages, except it Forwhitcau/V 

be for their clothing, that is 

to (ay, if they (hall be waged 

for half a year, ten (hillings a 

gown for a gentleman, and fix 

millings eight pence for a yeo* 

man^ upon pain of twenty 

pound for every fpear, and ten 

pound for a bow to the &ing, 

from whom he did abate upon 

the tenour of the fame. 



a captain may 
abate his foU 

' diers wages* 

' and how 
much. 



* & 3 Ed. dj 



CAR XIX. 
The penalty of a foldier not going with, or departing front* 
bis captain without licence. 

ITEM pur ceo qe diverfes k XTEM,feeing divers and many 3 ln&* t*{ 
plufours foldeours devaunt X foldiers before this timet which 
ceft temps les queux ount pri- 
fez lour gages parcell ou dimi 
de lour capitains & iflint ount 
monftrez & entreez de recorde 
lez foldeours du Roy devaunt 
fez commiflioners pur tielx 
termes pur quels lour maiftres 
ount endentez ount afcun 
temps maintenaunt apres lour 
monftre & la receit de lour ga- 
ges partie ou tout departez & 
alez lou ils voillent et nount 
my paflez le meer ove lour ditz 
capitains & afcuns paflez le 
meer & longement deinz lour 
termes departez a lour capi- 
tains & a le fervice du Roy 
faunce licence apparent graun- 
tez a eux par lour ditz capi- 
tains dount ad crewe fy graun- 
de damage au Roy & a fon 
roialme & (i plufours inconve- 
nementz qe ne poient legier- 
ment eftre expreflez ficome de 
longe temps la experience ad 
monftre & les queles foldeours 
iflint faifantz entaunt come en 
Vol. Ill, eux 



have taken parcel or half their 
wages of their captains, and fa 
have mufiered and been entered of 
record the King's foldiers before 
his commifftoners, for fuch terms 
for which their majlers have in- 
dented, have fomctime prefentby 
afer their mufler, and the re* 
ceipt of part or of the whole of 
their wages y departed and gone 
where they would, and have not 
pafj'ed thefea with their find cap- 
tains, and feme paffed thefea, and 
long within their terms departed 
from their captains and the King's 
ferrice* without apparent licence 
to them granted by their faid cap* 
tains, whereof hath grown ft 
great damage to the King and to 
his realm, and fe many inconve- 
niencies, which cannot eaftly be ex- 
preffid, as of long time the expe- 
rience hath /hewed, and the which 
foldiers fo doing, as much as in 
them was, decayed the honour and 
reverence of the King, and have 
been many ways great caufers of 

* . vk 



24* 



• Anno decimo o&avo Henrict VI. [ 1 439. 
the loffes which haze enfuedin his eux fuift anicntereront lonour 



It is felony for 
a foldier rc- 
tainc^to fcrve 
the King in 
nit wars to 
leave his cap- 
tsfin without 
licence. 
Enforced b< 
a & 3 Ed. 
c. 2. 



I 



♦ H,4.c 13. 
7 H. 7. c. 1. 
6 Co. 17. a 
9 Ed 4. f. 16 



Chief officers 
of ports, Sec. 
/hall arreft Col 
diers return* 



lands and ftigniorics beyond the 
fea, and the awcntttre a ] fo of the 
perfons of the hr is and captains 
which didconducl them. 

II. The fame King confi- 
dering the premises, and wil- 
ling againft fuch incortveni- 
encies and damages to provide 
a remedy, hath ordained by 
the authority aforefaid, That 
every man fo muftering and 
receiving the King's wages, 
which departeth from his cap- 
tain within his term, in any 
manner aforefaid, except that 
notorious ficknefe or impedi- 
ment by the vifitation of God 
(which may reafonably be 
known) fufier him not to go, 
'arid which he (hall certify pre- 
fently to his captain, and (hall 
repay his money, fo that he 
may provide him for another 
folaier in his place, he (hall be 
puni(hed as a felon; (2) and 
that the juftices of peace '(hall 
have power to inquire thereof, 
and to hear and determine the 
fame. (3) And likewife hath 
ordained by the fame authority, 
That no (oldier, man of arms, 
or archer, fo muttered of re- 
cord, and going with his cap- 
tain beyond the fea, (hall re- 
tunAinto England, within the 
term for which his captain 
hath retained him, nor leave 
his captain there in the King's 
fervice, and in adventure of the 
war, except that he hath rea- 
fonable caufe (hewed by his 
captain, and by him to the 
chief in the country having 
royal power, and tnereupon 
lhall have licence of the faid 
captain, witnefled under his 
feal,and the caufe of his licence. 
(4) And who that fo doth muf* 
ter of record, and come with- 
out letters ^teftimonials of the 
* captain 



& la reverence du Roy 8: ount 
eftcz plufours graundes caufe- 
ours des damages qe ount 
cheiez en fez terres & feignu- 
ries de pardcla & laventure 
auxint de les perfones de les 
feignurs & capitains qi eux 
conducerount. 

Mefme le Roy confideraunt 
les premifles & voillant encon- 
tre tielx inconveniences k 
dammages purvoierde remedie 
ad ordeigne par lauclorite fuif* 
dit qe chefcun homme iffint 
mouftrant & receyvant les ga- 
ges le Roy le quel departe a 
(on capitain deins fon terme 
en afcun manere avaundit ovef- 
qe ceo qe notoire maladie ou 
impediment par la vifitation de 
Dieu le quel poet eftre conuz 
raifonable ne luy Ieflbet &1e 
quel il certifia maintenaunt *a 
fon capitain & repaie fa money 
ficomeil poet purvoier luy pur 
un autre foldcour en fon lieu 
foit punyfhe come un felon et 
qe les juftices de la peas eient 
poair denquerrer de ceo & doicr 
& terminer en icell. Et fetnbh- 
blemcnt ad ordeigne par mef- 
me laucloritc qc null foldeour 
home darmes nc archer iffint 
mouftrez de recorde & alant 
ovefqe fon capitain de pardcla 
reveigne ycy en Engleterre 
deins le terme pur qi fon capi- 
tain endentera ne leffa fon ca- 
pitaijrne la en le fervice du Roy 
&^ en aventure de la guerre 
faunz ceo qil eit caufe raifona- 
ble monftre par fon capitain 
& par luy a le chief en le pays 
eiant le poair roial & fur ceo 
eit licence de la dit chiefteyne 
tefmoigne defoubz fon feal & 
la caufe de fa licence. Et qi 
iffint mouftree de recorde & 
veicne faunz Iettres teftimo- 
nialxde le chiefteyn come de- 
fuifdit 



144^.] 

fuifdit deins fon terme de par- 
decea qe les mairs baillifs & 
autrcs miniftres du Roy de 
quel port ou lieu en qi il ou 
ils arrivount eient auclorite de 
eux mettre en areft & de cux 
la garder tanqe de eux foit 
enquiz et fd poet eftre trove 
par enquerre de vaunt juftices 
de la peas & proevez qils ount 
i flint monftrez de recorde & 
departiez a lour capitains de- 
fuifditz faunz licence come eft 
defuifdit qe adonqes ils foient 
puniz come felons. 



Anno vicefimo Henrici VI. 



captain (as is faid) within his 
term on this fide the fea, that 
the mayors, bailiffs, and other 
the King's miniftcrs, at what 
port or place they (hall arrive, 
ihall have authority to put 
them in arreft, and them there 
to keep until it be of them in- 
quired ; (5) and if it be found 
by inquiry . before juftices of 
peace, and proved that they 
have fo muftered of record, and 
departed from their captains 
aforeiaid without licence, as 
afore is faid, that then they 
(hall be punifhed as felons. 



243 
ing from be- 
yond the fea, 
and detain 
them until the 
caufe or their 
return be 
tried. 



191. 

, itat. 



Regift. 
iR. 
c. 4. 

4&5PI1&M. 
c. 3. 

Extended to 
mariners and 
gunners by 
5 El. c.5. i.27. 



Statutes made at Wejlmlnfier, Anno 20 Hen. VI. 
and Anno Dom. 1442. 



NOSTRE feignur le Roy 
a fon parlement tenuz a 
Weftm' le jour de converlion 
de Seint Paule le xxv. jour de 
Januair' Ian de fon rcgne xx* 
a lonour de Dieu & pur le bien 
de luy & fon roialme de ladvis 
& aflent des feignurs efpirituelx 
& temporelx & a la efpecial re- 
queft dts communes en mefme 
le parlement affembleez ad fait 
ordeigner & eftablcir diverfez 
eftatuitz & ordinaunces en la 
fourme qenfuit. 



OUR lord the King, at his 
parliament holden at Weft- 
minfter, the day of the converfiqn 
of St. Paul, the five and twentieth 
day of January, the twentieth 
year of his reign, to the honour of 
God, and for the weal of him and 
of his realm, by the advice and 
affent of the lords fpiritual arid 
temporal, and at thefpecial requejl 
of the commons in the fame par* 
liament affembled, hath made, or* 
dained, and ejlablijhed divers Jla- 
tutes and ordinances in the form 
following. 



CAP. I. 

All letters offafe conduces Jhall be inrolledin the chancery. 

PRimerement come poverez 
merchant z diced roialme 
de jour en autre fount difrob- 
bes par les enemys du Roy fur 
le mer & deins mefme le 
roialme de lours niefs & biens 
& merchaundifes de graundc 
richefTe & lour corps prifez 
emprifonez ove graundedureffe 
& myz a graunde finaunces & 
reunion & les poverez lieges 

du 



FIRST, Whereas poor mer- x/rr ,. r .. 
chant* of the K?n g oftbis^^^ 
realm daily be robbed by the Kings non-inroll- 
etiemies upon thefea, and in divers nwnt of letters 
rivers and ports within the fame ° f falcon- 
realm, of their fhips, goods, and uc * 
merchandifes, of great iiches % and 
their bodies taken and imtrifimed 
with great durefs, and put to 
great fines .and ranfoms^ and the 
King*s poorfubjecls dwelling nigh 
R2 the 



244 



Anno vicefimo Henrici VI. [1442. 



the fea-coajls taken out of their 
cum boufes, with their chattels 
and infant 5 upon land* and car- 
ried by the faid enemies where it 
pleafcd them-, (2) which mif- 
chiefs come by reafon that the faid 
merchants be aifcouraged with 
force and puiffance of '/trips, and of 
people defenjible, to keep thefea and 
the coa/ts of the fame, for that the 
/hips, goods, and merchandifes by 
them taken from the faid Kings 
enemies, bejometimes claimed by the 
- King senemies,by colour of fafe con- 
duels not duly pur chafed, nor of re- 
cord inrolled, Jo that the King's fub- 
jecls may have notice of them, ($) 
andfometime be claimed by mer- 
chants Jlrangers af the Kings 
amity, to be belonging to them, by 
Colour offalfe witneffes of their 
nation, and by letters of marque and 
charters party by them counter- 
feited, and by fuch proofs upon 
fuch claims berefioredto the fame 
goods and merchandifes often ta- 
ken injhips and veffels belonging 
to the Kings enemies, and the 
faid Kings fubjecls put to great 
vexation, and lofs of their own 
goods, (4I whereby the faid Kings 
enemies be greatly enriched, and 
their navyfrongly imrcafed, and 
the navy and merchandife of the faid 
realm of our lord the King greatly 
. diminifhed, and fuch damages and 
inconveniencies daily be likely to 
increafe and come to the faid realm 
of our faid lord the King,iffpeedy 
remedy in this cafe be not provided: 
AM letters of II. Our fdid lord the King con- 
iVe conduft, fidering the premiffes, and that 

5ESST % p<f ffi *** ?*>. t 

be void. feared and difcouraged to freight 

it H. 6. c. I. the/hips and veffels of the Kings 
enemies and adverjaries, their 
navy in time to come will be de- 
creafed and diminijhed, and the 
navy of the Kings fubjecls and 
friends increafed and inlaro ed\ 
by the advice and affent afore - 



du Roy demurantz pres le* 
codes du meer hors de lours 
propre meafon ove lour cha- 
teux & enfounte fur le terre 
prifez & ove lesditz enemys ou 
lour pleft amefnez queux mef- 
chiefs veignent pur ceo qe lei 
ditz merchauntz fount difco- 
ragez ove force & puiflans de 
niefs & de gentz defenfibles 
de gardier le meer & les codes 
diccll a caufe qe les niefs biensr 
& merchandifes par eux prifci 
des ditz enemiz du Roy fount 
afcun foitz claimez par les ene- 
mys du Roy parcolur defeuf- 
condu&s nient duement pur- 
chacez ne de recorde enrollez 
enfy qe les fubgetz du Roy pur- 
rount aver notice de eux et af- 
cun foitz fount claymez par 
marchantz eftraungez del a- 
mifte du Roy deftre a eux ap- 
purtenauntz par colour de trf- 
moignez meins verrois de lour 
nation & par merches lettres 
& chartres parte par eux coun- 
trefaitz & per tielx provez fur 
tielx claimes fount reftorez a 
mefmes les biens & merchan- 
difes treflbvent foitz prifez en 
niefs & veffelx appurtenauntz 
a les enemyes du Roy & les 
ditz enemyz du Roy graunde- 
ment fount enrichez & lour 
navie fortement encrecc & la 
navie & merchandife du dit 
roialme noftre dit feignur le 
Roy grevoufment amenufcz 
& tielx damages & inconve- 
nientifez de jour en autre fount 
verifemblaWe dencrecer & ave- 
nere a dit roialme. 

Noftre dit feignur le Roy 
confideraunt les premises & qe 
fi gentz del amiftee du Rov 
eient pavoire & difcorage A21- 
fretter les niefs & veflelx de les 
enemyes & adverfaries de Roy 
lour navie en temps avenir ferra 
decrefle & amenufe & la navie 

de* 



*44*0 



Anno vicefimo 



des fubgitz & amyez du Roy 
encrefle & enlarge del adyys & 
aflent defuifdit « a lefpeciale 
requeft des ditz communes pur 
efchewer les myfchiefs fuifditz 
ad ordeigne par auAorite du 
dit parlement qe toutz lettres 
de faufconduijt a grauntierz a 
les eneipys adverfaries du Roy 
oy autre gentz. qeconqes foient 
enrollez en la chauncerie du 
Roy de recorde avaunt qe tielx 
lettres ferrount grauntez et qe 
tputz tielx lettres de faufcon- 
dult en apres a grauntiers nient 
enrollez de recorde en la dit 
chauncerie avaunt le livere a 
eux affaire en la majiere come 
eft dit foient voidez & de null 
force & effedt. 

Et enoutre fi en apres afcuns 
biens ou merchandifes foient 

Jrifez par les ditz fubgitz du 
loy fur le meer ou les coftes 
dicell chargez en afcun nief ou 
autre veflell qeft appurtenaunt 
a les enemiz ou adverfaries du 
Roy pur le temps efteauntz 
nient eiantz lettres de faufcon- 
duitz fuffifauntz en la forme 
fuifdit enrolles qe ceux qi mef- 
mes les biens & merchandifes 
enfy prenderount les enjoyent 
faunz afcun reftitution ent af- 
faire en afcun manere a qe- 
cpnqe perfone mefmes les biens 
& merchandifes enfy prifez al 
temps del prys de ycells ou de- 
vaunt furent appurtenauntz, 

Purvcu toutz foitz qe fi les 
ditz fubgitz du Roy preignantz 
tielx niefs chargez qve mer- 
chandifes nient eiantz & mon- 
ftrantz tielx lettres de^ fauf- 
conduit deins mefmes les niefs 
al temps del dit pris les amcf- 
nent par force a un certein port 
qu lieu deins le dit rqiahqe ne 
foient endamagez en lour per- 
ftjn ne biens pur tielx pris" fils 
fejeijt preftiez a faire plein ref- 
titutioa 



Henrici VT, SJ45 

faid, and at the fpecial requeft 
of the faid commons, to efchew 
the mifchiefs aforefaid, hath 
ordained by authority of the 
faid parliament, That all let- 
ters of fafe conduct to be 
granted to the King's enemies 
and adverfaries, or any other 
people whatfoever, (hall be in- 
rolled in the chancery of our 
faid lord the King of record, 
before that any fuch letters 
(haU be in any wife delivered to 
them to whom the fame letters 
(hall be granted ; (2) and that 
all fuch letters of fafe condudl 
hereafter to be granted, not 
inrolled of record in the faid 
chancery, before the delivery 
to them to be made in the 
manner as is faid, (hall be void, 
and of no force nor effedh 

III. And moreover, if here* Prizet of 
after anygoods or merchandifes ^J****. / mer * 
be taken by the faid fubjefis of SSS&m 
our lord the King upon the the King s e- 
fea, or the coafts of the fame, nemies not to 
charged in any (hip or other be reftorcd, 
veflel, which is belonging *$£*2? 
the enemies or adverfaries of du& are in- 
our lord the King for the time rolled before 
being, not having fufficient jWr appie- 
letters of fafe conduft inrol- henfion - 

led in the form aforefaid, that 
they which fo (hall take the 
fame goods and merchandifes 
(hall them enjoy without any 
reftitution thereof to be made 
in any wife, to whatfoever 
perfon the fame goods and 
merchandifes fo taken, at the 
time of the taking of the fame, 
or before, were belonging. 

IV. Provided always, That Provifo for 
the fubjeas of our lord the * e indemp- 
King, takingfuch (hips charg- S^ e an4 
ed with merchandifes, not hav- tn - pr jof of 
ins; nor (hewitlg fuch letters of the mroil- 
fate condudt Within the fame ment « 
(hips at the time of the faid 

taking, and bringing them by 

/ R 3 faw 



i^6 



Anno vicefimoHEXRici VI. [1442. 

titution de mefmes les niefs & 
dedeins temps 



force to a certain port or place 
within the faid realm, (hall not 
be endamaged in their perfon 
nor goods for fuch taking, if 
they be ready to make full ref- 
titution of the fame (hips and 
liierchandifes, within reasona- 
ble time, after that full know- 
ledge is made to them of fuf- 
ficient letters of fafe conduct 
for the fame (hips and mer- 
chandifes, inrolled in the faid 
chancery of record before the 
taking of them. Provided alfo, 
j+Ed. 4.C 4. That this ordinance iball begin to hold his force 
of Saint Michael the archangel next coming. 

CAP. II. 



merchandifes 

refonable apres ceo qe plein 
notice eft fait a eux de lertres 
de faufconduct fuffifauntz pur 
mefmes les niefs & merchan- 
difes enrollez en la dit chaun- 
ccric de rocorde devaunt le pris 
de yceux. Purveu auxi qeceft 
ordinaunce comence a tenir 
fon force a le fefte de Seint 
Michell larchaungell profchein 
avenir. 



at the feaft 



Ex edit. Raft. 
Exigend. 
Outlawry. 
County of 
Scatter. 



County of 
Chefter. 
9 H. 5. c. s. 
38 H. 6.C.13. 
31 H. 6c. 6. 
Rep. S3 H. 4. 
c. *. 



Confirmed for 



No per/on outlawed within the county of Lancafter Jball 
forfeit any goods or lands but thoft which he hath in the 
fame county. 

ITEM, our faid fovercign lord the King hath ordained by the 
authority aforefaid, That none of his liege people, againft 
whom Exigend (hall be awarded or outlawry pronounced, at the 
fuit of the Kipg, or at the fuit of the party in time to come in 
the county of Lancafter •, (hall forfeit any ot his goods or chattels 
lands or tenements, which the faid outlaws, or they againft 
whom fuch Exigend (hall be awarded in the faid county of Lan- 
cafler^ have in the fame county. And that by reafon of fuch 
outlawry at the fuit of another perfon pronounced within the 
faid county of Lancafter ^ no man (hall be debarred nor di fabled 
of any manner of action, nor to claim any manner of inheritance 
out of the fame county, nordifabled tofueany manner of aclion 
out of the fame county, notwithftanding fuch outlawry upon 
him pronounced. Provided always, That the ftatute made the 
firft year of King Henry the Fourth, grandfather of the King 
that now is, againft the people of the county of Chefler y which 
do to many of the King's liege people in divers counties of Eng- 
land many manslaughters, murders, robberies, batteries, tref- 
pafles, and other riots and offences, (hall (land in his force, this 
ordinance notwithftanding. And that this ordinance (hall en- 
dure till the end of feven years next enfuing. 

CAP. III. 

Itjhall be high treafon for Welfhmen to take and, carry 
away Englifhmen or their goods into Wales, or there to 
withhold them. 



three years by TTEM, Forafmuch as at the grievous complaint made to the 
*7 H. 6."c. 4« JL King by the commons in the counties of Hereford^ Glwcefter y 
Walcs • and of Shropjbire, which counties be adjoining to the marches 

of 



I44*-] Anno vicefimo Henrici VI. 247 

of Wales, and in the counties of Scmerfet, Chejier, ^niL.BriM; it 
was lhcwed to the lame our fovcreign lord the King, that whereas 
another time in time of the noble King Henry, grandfather to 
our fovereign lord the King that now is, the fecond year of bis 
reign, for the great opprellions and extortions, whicn they of 
Wales and of the marches of [Vales daily made to people dwell- 
ing in the faid counties of Hereford, Gloucefter, and Shropjbire, in 
taking bringing and bearing away of their horfes, beafts and 
other goods and chattels, out of the fame counties into the faid 
marches, and fuch goods horfes and chattels there withholding 
till gree be made at their will. It was ordained and eftablifhed, 
That if any beafts, goods, or chattels, be taken within the fame 
counties, and driven or brought out of the faid counties into 
Wales, or into the marches of Wales,, that then the fheriffs of 
the fame counties, mayors or bailiffs of cities and boroughs, or 
bailiffs of franchifes, where fuch takings be made, (hall fend 
their letters under their feals to the governors, or to the ftew- 
ardsofthe feigniories, where fuch offenders be abiding, that 
they (hall deliver fuch diftreffes fo taken, within eight days of 
the receipt of the faid letters. And if they do not, that the 
parties fo grieved fhall take any pcrfons goods or chattels com- 
ing out ofthe feid feigniories, where fuch offenders be abiding, 
and them fhall withhold, till that they be reftored to their goods 
fo taken, with their damages cofts and expences, which ftatute 
is not fufficient remedy, forafmuch as the faid offenders be dwell-* 
jng fometimc in one ieigniory and fometimc in another, and have 
no place certain to tarry, and alfo they take to the moft number of 
people of the faid counties coming into Wales and into the mar- 
fnarches of Wales, and out of the faid counties and themwithold, 
till gree be. to them made at their will, and alfo oftentimes the par- 
ties grieved durft not make execution of the faid ftatute for doubt 
of death and many other mifchiefs and inconveniences, which 
thereof lhould enfue, fo that the faid offenders be the more bold 
to take, drive, bring, and c^rry away the people of the faid 
counties their horfes, beafts, goods, and chattels of the faid 
counties into Wales, and into the marches of Wales, whither 
they fled before the faid ftatute, to the perpetual deftru&ion and * 

impoverifhment ofthe faid commons, except that fpeedy remedy 
thereof be made. Our faid fovereign lord, willing againft fuch 
mifchiefs and inconveniencies to provide a remedy in this be- 
half, hath ordained by the authority aforefaid,That if any people 
.of the faid counties in Wales, or in the marches of Wales, do 
drive, bring, carry away, or withhold, fuch takings and withhold- 
ings, their abbetments and receipts in Wales (they having know- 
Jedge of. fuch offences aforefaid) (ball be adjudged high treafon. Treafon. 
And he that is thereof attainted, it (hall be done of him as of a 
traitor to our faid fovereign lord the King. And that the juftices of Juftic* of 
peace in their feflions in the faid counties fhall have power to in- l^f acc * 
quire, hear, and determine of all fuch offenders their abettors 
and receivers, and to make procefs againft fuch perfons indicted 
£y two Capias and one j&igend, every Capias containing thefpace 

&4- of 



248 Anno viccfimo JIekrici VI. [1442 

of two months at the lead, betwixt the date of every Capias and 
the day of the return of the fame. And that mention be made 
in the (aid writs of Capias that the (heriffs of the faid counties 
for the time being (hall do to be proclaimed in their counties, 
that all fuch perfons indi&ed (hall appear before the faid juftices 
in their fefiions, to anfwer of the matters contained in the faid 
indictments. Provided always, That the feigniories marchers, 
of whom fuch offenders their abbettors and receivers hold lands 
and tenements, (hall have the forfeit of them, and the lords 
marchers, the forfeitures of their goods and chattels found with- 
in their feigniories, after that they (hall be attainted of the offen- 
ces aforefaid. And that this ordinance (hall endure till the 
end of fix years. 

CAP. IV. 

What duties they fball pay to the King which carry wools to 
any other place than to tbejlaples. 

5J °k/. TTEM, our faid fovereign lord the King hath granted and 

WooUcU, Sec. J[ ordained, by the authority aforefaid, That every merchant 
** .*V # denizen for wools, woolfels, and tin, which (hall be charged 

and (hipped in any gaily, carack, or other vcflel, to be brought 
and carried by the (ea by the King's licence or otherwife, to 
other places and ports than to the ftaple of the King, (hall pay 
to the King fuch cuftoms and fubfidies and other devoirs, as 
merchants aliens pay to the King for fuch mcrchandifes. Pro- 
vided always, That this grant or ordinance (hall not extend to 
any perfons, which have licence by the King's letters patents 
to them made before this time, to (hip, carry, or bring any 
wools, woolfels, or tin to other places or ports beyond the fea, 
than to the ftaple of Calais, but that they (hall be of this or- 
dinance clearly difcharged and excepted. 

CAP.V. 

No cufiomer, &c. Jkall have a fhip of his own> ufe mer- 
' ' cbandife, keep a wharf or inn, or be afaftor. 

J£ h H _♦' f *• TTEM, Whereas in tr.c par- TTEM come al parlement tc- 

wby acorn- •* Htnnent hiUen at Weftmin- X nuz a Weftm' Ian de regne 

mon holtJtr fter the eleventh year of the reign du Roi Henri le quart xj . ordine 

tfnll not be a f King Henry the Fourth, it fuift & eftablie qe null home ai 

oo ft u3f r ' * was or ^ ne ^ andjlabli/ked, That tient commune hoftrerie en al- 

tovohen' ° r to° man ^ at b*d a common hofiry cun citee ou burgh diced roi- 

in any city or borough of this alme foiet cuftumer controul- 

realm, /ball be cu/lomer f control- lour ne fercheour & ceo pur 

ler, norfearcher y and that to ef- efchuer les damages & preju- 

chew the damages and prejudices dices qi dent purront acrefcier 

which thereof may grow, by the par le favour qe tielx com- 

favour that fuch common hof- munes hoftelers purroient & 

tiers may and will mate to mer- veudroient faier as marchauntz 

chants, and to other their guejls & v as autres lour hoftes en lour 

in tlmr offices: (2) And now offices, Et jatarde divers cut 

of turners 



•1 



Anno viccfimo Henrici VI. 



249 



rs countrollers & auxi fer- 
irs countrollours & furvei- 
des fercheours ount di- 
hommes pur eftrc lour 
;s deputes & miniftres 
ur ditz offices des queux 
« deputes & miniftres af- 
ount niefs de lours pro- 
k afcuns eux intromittent 
ette des niefs auxint acha- 
k vendount diverfes mer- 
idifes & ount & occupi- 
a lour propre oeps diverfe 
wes & keyes eileantz par 
pes del ewe lou commune 
irge des merchaundife eft 
en diverfe portz diceft 
ne par qe fibien graunde 
: & damage journement 
rent au Roy de fez cuf- 
& fubfidees come graun- 
erde as marchauntz re- 
untz a les portz ou les 
clerks deputees & mini- 
occupient les ditez offices 
meux clerks deputees et 
tres auxi pluifours tei- 
t hoftries & tavernes & 
gardent wharves & eux 
irfervitours fount favours 
tournes pur merchauntz 
ins & aliens par qe gran- 
amages & perdes journe- 
accrefcent au Roy en 
uftume & fubfidies par le 
ir qe tielx clerkes deputes 
iniftres tiels hoftries ta- 
: & wharves teygnauntz 
it as marchauntz & as 
s lours hoftes en les ditz 
& & pluis greindre da- 
s eft femblable dent ac- 
er en temps avenir fi 
remedie ne foiet purvieu. 
•e dit feignur le Roy voil- 
encountre tielx damages 
rdes purvoier de remedie 
eft partie ad ordeigne St 
id par iaudorite fuifdit 
ill cuftumer ne controlled 
. cuftume clerks deputes 



of late diveri cuftomers, control- 
lers, and alfo fearchers, controllers* 
and furveyors of /earthen, have 
divers perfons to be their clerks, 
deputies, end minifters in their 
/aid offices, of which clerks, de- 
puties, and minifters, fome have 
Jbips of their own, and fome of 
them meddle with the freighting 
ofjbits, and alfo buy and fell divers 
mercbandifes, and thereof occupy 
to their own ufe dhers wharfs 
and keys, being by the water's 
fides, where common difcharge of 
divers mercbandifes is had m 
divers ports of this realm, by the 
which as well great deceit and 
damages daily do grow to the Kivg 
of his cuftoms and fubfidies, as a ' 
great lofs to merchants repair- 
ing to the ports where the faid 
clerks, deputies, and mini/lers be\ 
(3) alfo many hold hoftries and 
taverns, and alfo keep wharfs, 
and they and their fervants be 
faftors and attornies for mer- 
chants, denizens, and aliens, by 
which great damage and lofs daily 
doth grow to the King in his 
cuftoms and fubfidies, by favour 
that fuch clerks, deputies, and 
minifiers holding fuch hoftries, 
taverns, and wharfs, do to mer- 
chants and to other their guefis 
in the faid offices, and greater 
damage is like thereof to grow in 
time to come, iffpeedy remedy be 
not provided,: (4) Our faid lord 
the King, willing againft fuch 
damages and lofles to provide 
a remedy in this behalf, hath 
ordained and eftablifhed by au- 
thority aforefaid, That no cu- 
ftomer, controller of the cu- 
ftom, clerks, deputies, mini- 
fiers, nor their fervants, fac- 
tors nor fearchers, controllers 
or furveyors of fearches, nor 
their clerks, deputies, mini- 
sters, or factors (hall have any 
(hips of their own, (5) or (hall 

buy 



No cuftomer, 
controller, &c. 
(hall have any 
(hip of his own, 
ufemerchan- 
dife, keep a 
wharf, an inn, 
orbeafa£or 
to another. 



,259 Anno vicefimo Henrici VI. £ 144a. 

buy or fell by way or by co- ou miniftres ne lour fervauntz 
lour of merchandife, (6) nor ou faclours ne fercheours coun- 
they (hall not meddle with trollours ou furveiours des far* 
freighting of (hips, or have or ches ne lours clerkes deputes 
occupy any fuch wharfs or miniftres ou factours eient af- 
keys, (7) or fhall hold any cuns niefs de lour propresou 
hoftries or taverns, (8) or acchatent ou vendent par voie 
(ha\l be any factors, or attor- ou par colour de inerchaundifc 
nies for any merchant, deni- ne eux entremittent dc frett 
fcen, or alien, (o) nor (hall be de niefs ou eient ou occu- 
hofts to any merchant alien (10) pient afcuns tielx wherves 
upon the pain of xlli. to be for- ou keyes ou teignent afcuns 
fcit as often as they do the hoftries ou tavernes ou foi- 
contrary, that is to fay, one ent afcuns favours ou attour- 
half to the King, and the other nes pur afcun marchaunt de- 
half to him that will fue in nizen ou alien ne foient hoftes 
this cafe againft any fuch per- a afcun marchaunt alien fur le 
fc fon doing the contrary. This peine de xl li. deftre forfait fi fo- 
ordinance to begin at the feaft vent coment ils fount la contra- 
of Saint Michael next coming, rie ceftaflavoir lune moite au 

Roy & a celuy qe voet fuer en 
ceft cas envers afcun tiel perfone faifant le contrarie lautre moitc 
Ccft ordinaunce a commencer alefeftdeSeintMichellprofcbein 
avenier. 

CAP. VI. 

A confirmation for ten years of the Jlatutc of 15 Hen. VI. 
cap. 2. touching the transportation of corn being of cer- 
tain prices. 



Ex edit. Raft. TTEM, whereas at the parliament holden at Wejlminfter y the 

Corn licence, ,£, X v. year of the reign of our faid fovereign lord the King 

that now is, for the common profit of all the realm, and es- 



pecially for the counties adjoining to the fea, it was ordained 
and ftablHhed in the form which followeth. Item, forafmuch 
as by the King it is ordained, That no man may carry or bring 
corn out of the realm, without the King's licence, by caufe 
whereof farmers and other men, which ufe manuring of their 
land, may not fell their corn but at a low price, to the great 
damage of the realm. Our faid fovereign lord the King, wil- 
ling in this cafe to provide a remedy, hath ordained and fta- 
blilhed by authority aforefaid, Tha{ it (hall he lawful to every 
man to (nip and carry all manner of cprn and grain out of this 
realm, to any place that him pleafeth, except all only to the 
King's enemies, as often and as long as a quarter ot wheat 
doth not exceed the price of vj. $. viij. d, and a quarter of 
barley three (hillings, in the port where the wheat or barley 
is fo (hipped. And that without fuin.g any licence for the fame 
all manner of ordinance made to the contrary notwithstanding. 
Provided always, That the King be contented of his cuftoms 
and devoirs. And this ordinance (hall endure till the next 
parliament. Our faid fovereign lord the King, forafmuch a* 
this ftatute is not now in his fgrce, and that many counties 

adjoining 



144-?-] Anno vicefimo Henrici VI. 251 

adjoining to the fea, may not fell the fubftance of their corn, 
but by carriage and bringing by the fea, hath ordained by the 
authority afore fa id, That the ftatute and ordinance aforefaid 
now expired (as afore is faid) (hall begin to hold his force at the 
feaft of the Nativity of our Lady next enfuing, and (hall endure 
ffom thence till the parliament next to be holden after the fame 
feaft, fo that a parliament be holden within ten years next 
enfuing after the firft beginning of this prelent parliament. And 
if fo be that' there be no parliament holden within the fame ten 
years, that then it (hall continue and endure till the eqd of the 
fame ten years. 

CAP. VII. 

If any carry merchandifes into Wales, and after bring thm 
into England not cufiomed, be fhali forfeit them. 

ITEM, it is granted and ordained by the authority. afcre- Mcrchandifct, 
faid, That if any hereafter bring any merchandises coming 
from any parts beyond the fea, to any port or place within 
the land or Wales, and after them fend into England, and there 
difcharge them out of any (hip or veffel the cuftoms and fubfidies 
thereof to the King not paid, or if any perfon in any of the 
faid ports and places in Wales, (hip any wools, woolfels, or other Cuftom, 
merchandife of the ftaple, to be brought to the parts beyond wools, wool- 
the fea, not cuftomed, nor the fubfidy to the King not payed, tcl ^ & c - 
(hall forfeit the fame goods and merchandifes . And that the 
King (hall have his fuit in this behalf in the county next ad- 
joining in England to the port, in the which fuch merchandifes 
(hall be (hipped or brought into Wales, and that this ordinance 
(hail endure till the next parliament. 

CAP. VIII. 

In what cafe the King's purveyors that would take cattle, 
may be refifted. 

ITEM, it is ordained by the authority aforefaid, That the The Kine's 
ftatutes before this time made of purveyors and buyers^ purveyors 
iball be holden and kept, and put in due execution. (2) And who will take* 
in cafe that any purveyor, buyer, or taker, will take and make" "jjj* ofxl s 
purveyance, or buy any thing to the value of forty (hillings or or under, and 
under of any perfon, and make not ready payment in hand, not make pre- 
that then it (hall be lawful to every of the King's liege people to re- rent payment, 
tain their goods and chattels, and torefift fuch purveyors and buy- JJf c j rc " 
ers, and in no wife fuffer them to make any fuch purveyances, 
buyings, or takings. (3) And for the peace better to be kept, 
that every conftable, tythingman, or chief pledge of every 
town or hamlet, where fuch takings or purveyances (hall be 
made, (hall be aiding or aflifting to the owner or feller of fuch 
things to be taken againft the form of this ordinance, tc? make 
refiftance in the form aforefaid, in cafe that fuch conftables, ty- 
thingmen, or chief pledges be required that to do, upon pain 
to yieliJ to the party 10 grieved, the value of the things fo taken, 

with 



*5? Anno vicefimo Henrici VI. ['442* 

with his double damages. (4) And that none of the King's 
liege people be put to lofs or damage, by the King or any of- 
ficer tor fuch refiftance. (c) And that none of the King's 
officers (hall do to be arretted, vexed, or impleaded in the court 
of the Marjhalfea or elfewhere, any of the King's liege people 
for fuch withholding or not fuffipriqg to be done, upon pain 
to lofe twenty pounds, the one moiety of th^t to the King, and 
the other moiety to him, which will in fuch cafe fije. (6) And 
that the juftices of peace in every county (hall have power by au- 
thority of this ordinance, to inquire, hear and determine, as well 
at the fuit of the King, as of him which will fue, of any thing 
done againft this ordinance, and thereof to make due punifhment 
and execution, and to award damages to the party plaintiff, 
•SEd.j.c.u. when any defendant is thereof duly convjd. (7) And that in 
36 Ed. 3. c. 6. every action to be taken, upon this ordinance, every party de- 
* H* 6* C '*" kndfct fl 13 ^ be P ut to anfwer to that without aid of the 
axCar.»%?H. ^ in 6- W Anc * in ^ uch * cti <>ns to be taken, procefs (hall be 
made as in a writ of trefpafs done againft the peace, and that 
in every commiffion of purveyors, buyers, or takers to be made, 
this ordinance (hall be contained and exprefled. (9) And more- 
over, that this ordinance among other ftatutes of purveyors, 
buyers, or takers before this time made, (hall be lent to the 
(heriffs of every county of England* to proclaim and deliver the 
faid ftatutes and ordinances in the manner and form contained 
in the ftatute of purveyors and buyers, made the firft year of 
the reign of our faid fovereign lord trie King that now is, upon 
the pain contained in the fame ftatute. ( 10) And moreover the 
King will and commandeth, That the ftatute made the fix and 
thirtieth year of King Edward* late king of England* the third 
after the conqueft, touching purveyors of other perfons than of 
the King, (hould be put in due execution. 

CAP. IX. 

The order of trial of counteffes* &c. being indiSed of 

treafon* &c. 

Magna cbarta TTEM* ffhereas it is contained TTEM come continue (bit 

cap* 39. X in the Great Charter among ft JL en la Graunde Chartrc entre 

ether things* in the form which autres en la fourme qenfuyt : 

followeth: No freeman Jhould be ' NuJIus liber homo capiatur 

taken or imprijoned* or dijfeifed * aut imprifonetur aut difieifi- 

of his freehold^ or his liberties* ' atur de libero tenemento fuo 

or free cufloms* or ft (ill be out- ' aut libertatibus aut liberis 

hewed orbanijhed* or in any wife ' confuetudinibus fuis aut ut- 

de/lroyed* nor we will go upon c lagetur aut exulet aut aliquo 

him* nor fend upon him* but by ' modo deftruatur nee fuper 

the lawful judgment of his peers* « eum mittemus nee fuper eum 

or by the law of the land ; ( 2 ) in < ibimu$ nifi per legale judicium 

which flatute is no mention madq c pariurq fyorum vel per legem 

how women* ladies of great e/tatr* « terre.' En quele eftatuit neft 

in refpeft to their husbands* peers my mention fait coment fem-> 

of the land* married or fole* that mes dames de graunde eftate 

u to fay* duchejjis* countejfes* or p;y caufc de lour barons pcres 

baroneffesi <fa 



) Anno vicefimo Henrici VI. 

erre covfcrtez ou foulez barone//es 9 JhallbeputtoanJwer 9 or 



*S3 



before what judges that they Jball 
be judged upon indiftritenttoftted- 
font) or felonies by them commit- 
ted or done 9 in regard whereof it 
is a doubt in the law ^/England, 
before whom^ and by whom fuch 
ladies fo indifted Jball be put it 
anfwcT) and be judged ; (3} our s Co. ft. 
faid lord the King willing 
to put out fuch ambiguities 
and doubts, hath dedafed by 
authority aforefaid, That la- 
dies fo indicted, or hereaf- 
ter to be indicted, of any trea- 
fon or felony by them done, or 
hereafter to be done, whether 
they be married or fole, that 
they thereof (hall be brought tp 
mfwer, and put to anfwer, and 
judged before fuch judges and 
peers of therealm, as peers of thp 
realm (hould be, if they were in- 
dicted or impeached or fuch trea- 
fons or felonies done, or here- 
after to be done, and in like man- 
ner and form, and none other- 
wife. 



The order 
of trial of 
ducheiTes* 
counteiTety. 
or baroncfler, 
being indtft- 
ed ot treafon 
or felony. 



ver duchefles countefles 
roneflez ferront mys 2 
ier ou devaunt queux 
:1s ferront juggez fur en- 
ntz de trefons ou felo- 
ar eux faitz a caufe de 
il eft une ambiguite & 
en la ley devaunt queux 
queux tielx dames iflint 
1 ferront myfez a ref- 
5 & eftre adjuggez. Nof- 

feignur le Roy voillant 
- tielx ambiguitees & 
1 ad declare par lauctorite 
lit qe tielx dames iflint 
z ou en apres a enditerz 
un trefon ou felonie par 
iitz ou en apres affairez 
it qe eles foient covertez 
on ou foules qe eles ent 

mefnez en refponfe & 
a refpondre & adjuggez 
nt tielx jueges & pere? 

roialme ficome autres 
de le roialme ferroient 
iflent enditez ou empef- 
de tielx trefons ou felo- 
aitz ou en apree affairez 
autiel maner & fourme 
null autre. 

CAP. X. 

wardens of the worjled weavers of Norwich appointed 
irly to infpect and regulate the worjled in that city^ and 
>o in Norfolk. The length and breadth of all forts of 
wfieds made in Norwich and Norfolk affigned. 

E M, whereas as well in the city of Norwith as in the Ex edit. Raflf. 
>unty of Norfolk there be divers perfons which make falfe Worited*. 
3 of all manner of worfteds not being of the afllfes in length 
ireadth as they ought to be and were of old time accuftom- 
nd the flays and threads pertaining to the fame Jbc not 
fully made and wrought, in great deceit as well of de- 
is of the King as of the Grangers repairing into this realm 
\glandy which buy and ufe fuch merchandife, trufting that 
Jl be within as it fheweth without, where, of truth it 
ltrary : And whereas worfted was fometime a good mer- 
iife and greatly defired and loved in the parts beyond the 
low became that it is of falfe work and pf falfe fluff, no man 
of taketh regard which is great damage to the King's 
ms, tp the great damage and prejudice of the King's faithful 
people ; Our faid fovereign lord the King, willingagainft fuch 

damagp 



-425 Anno viccfimd Henrici VI. [H4*. 

damage and prejudice to provide a remedy in this behalf, hath 
ordained by the authority aforefaid, That men of the craft of 
worfted-weavers within the faid city, (hall have power every 

Norwich. year at the feaft of pentecoft to choofe iiii. wardens within the 
faid city, of the fame craft, and the fame wardens to have power 
to choofe other ii. men of the fame craft in the faid county of 
the faid city, and all the fame wardens to come before the 
mayor of the faid city for the time being, the Monday after 
the day of Corpus Chrifli then enfuing, and there to be fworn be- 
fore the mayor, to do right and make due fearch of all manner 
of worfteds, and of the fluff belonging to the fame, made or 
to be made within the faid city or county. And that every 
piece of worfted (hall be puriuing through the cloth of right 
work good and convenable fluff, and that they (hall hold 
the length and breadth as the aflife hath of old time been right- 
fully accuftomed* that is to fay, the beds of the greateft affile 
.in length xiiii. yards largely, and in breadth four yards through 
the piece, and beds of the mean aflife xii. yards in length and 
three yards in breadth through the piece, and beds of the leaft 
affile x. yards in length largely, and two yards and a half in 
breadth, and cloths called monks cloths, xii. yards in length 
at the leaft, and five quarters in breadth, and cloths called canon 
cloths, five yards in length and vii. quarters in breadth, and 
cloths called cloths, vi. yards in length and two yards in the 
breadth, and double worfted x. yards in length, and five quar- 
ters in breadth largely, and halt doubles, vi. yards in length, 
and five quarters in breadth, and roll worded, xxx. yards in 
length, and half a yard in breadth largely. And that no lambs 
wool, nor wool called pelt wool (hall be put in any of thefe 
worfteds. And that the wardens of the (aid craft for the time 
being, (hall have power and authority to feife all fuch cloths 
and fluff fo found defective. And that the mayor of the faid 
city for the time being, (hall have power by the faid authority 
to enquire, hear, and determine as well at the King's fuit as 
at the information of the faid wardens, of all them which do 
H « contrary to this ordinance within the faid city. And in like 

7 Ed. 4.. c. a! f° rm tne juftices of peace in the faid county out of the faid city, 
(hall have power to enquire, hear, and determine, of all them 
which do againft the premifles in the faid county out of the 
faid city. And if any man before the mayor or juftice of the 
peace be thereof duly convict and attainted, that then the fame 
worfteds and fluffs lo found defective, (hall be forfeit that is 
to fay, the one half of fuch forfeiture to the King, and the 
other half to the wardens for the time being of the faid craft. 
And that the mayor for the time being of the faid city, and 
the juftices of peace for the faid county, (hall have power to 
make fuch procefs feverally againft fuch perfon or perfons, 
which (hall be found to be defective by enquiry before them 
to be taken, of any thing done againft the premifles, as the 
King's juftices of peace do upon indictments taken before them 
of trefpafs done with force and arms againft the King's peace. 

And 



*44*0 r Anno vicefimo HErtRici Vl. 255 

And that this ordinance (hall begin to take effect at the feaft of 
Saint Michael next coming. And that it (hall endure till the 
end of three years next enfuing after the fame feaft of Saint 
Michael 

CAP. XI. 

A repeal of fo much of tbefiatute of 2 Hen. V. ftat. 1. 
cap. 6. as mdketh the breaking of truce and fafe conduits 
high tteafon. 

ITEM, where it was ordained and declared by the ftatute Truce, 
made the fecond year of the reign of King Henry V. father 
to our fovereign lord the King that now is, forafmuctias be- 
fore the faid ordinance divers people comprifed within the faid 
truces, made as well by the faid late King as by ting Henry 
the Fourth, grandfather to our fovereign lord that now is, and 
divers other having fafe conduits as well of the faid late King Safe conduit** 
Henry the V. as of the faid late King Henry the Fourth, fome 
have been (lain, fome robbed and defpoiled by the ft fag's liege 
people and fubjelts, as well up6n the main fea as within the 
ports and coafts of the fea of England, of Ireland and of lVale$ y 
whereby the faid truces and fafe conduces have been broken and 
offended, to the great dilhonour and (lander of the King, and 
againft his dignity, and the faid man-killers, robbers, fpoilers, 
and offenders of the faid truces and the Kings fafe conducts, 
as afore is declared, have been by divers of the King's liege 
people and fubjects within the coafts of divers counties received, 
abbetted, and procured, concealed, hired, fuftaihed, and main- 
tained, that fuch manslaughters, robbery, fpoiling, breaking 
of truces, and of the King's fafe conduits, and wilful receipt, 
abettment, procurement, concealment, hire, (bftenance, and 
maintenance of fuch perfons to be made in time to come by 
iany of the King's liege people and fubjects within the fealm of 
England, of Ireland, and of Walei, or upon the main fea, (hall 
be judged and determined for high treafon, done againft the 
crown and the King's dignity. And forafmuch as the pains 
contained and fpecined in the ftatute aforefaid, be fo rigorous 
againft the King's liege people and fubjecls, and therti fo ftraitly 
bind that the adverfaries and enemies of the King be greatly 
boldened and comforted to make war againft them, and many 
of the King's liege people and (Ubjecls as well upon the fea and 
coafts of the fea, as in the marches of the realm of England^ 
oftentimes have been, fome robbed and fpoiled, and fome (lain, 
•whereby many of the King's liege people inhabiting in the 
marches and coafts aforefaid, be greatly hindered and im- 
poveri(hed, and in point to be finally deftroyed, and the mer- 
chants and mariners of the King be greatly tnereby difcouraged 
and abaihed to pafs upon the fea with their (hips and verfels, 
with their merchandises, orotherwife to make war for the fafe- 
suafd of the fea, and the navy of the realm of our faid fovereign 
lord the King in point to be deftroyed, and the merchants 
of the King clearly difcomforted to make of renew any (hips 

or 
6 



*5<> Anne vjcefimo Henrici VI. [144*. 

or veflefe; At the parliament holden at Weftminfter^ the tenth 
day of Ofiobsr, the xiiii. year of the reign of our (aid fovereign 
lord the King that now is, the penalty, judgment, and deter- 
mination in the fame ftatute contained was put in fufpence and 
refpite by vij. years then next enfuing, as by the ftatute thereof 
made in the fame parliament plainly appeareth : The fame our 
fovereign lord the King that now is, confidering the premises, 
and that the faid time of feven years is well nigh paft, ordaineth 
by authority aforefaid that none of his liege people and fub- 
je<5ts, by force of the faid ftatute, for nothing by him attempted 
_ or hereafter to be done againft the form and tenor of the faid 
ftatute, as to the faid pain of treafon, (hall be in any wife pu- 
nifhed, molefted, nor grieved, nor (hall incur Ho pain for the 
fame otherwife than he ought before the making of the faid ftatute, 
but t/iat he, his heirs, and executors of all pains and for- 
feitures of treafon, becaufe of the faid ftatute, againft the King, 
his heirs, and fucceflbrs, (hall be clearly quit and difcharged. 
And that this ordinance (hill endure till the next parliament 

CAP. XII. 
A reformation of the partition money arifing by the fak of 
wools and woolfels by the mayor and conjtablc of Calais, 
ordered for feven years. 

Ex edit Raft. TTEM, whe ^s by the ordinance of partition made upon 
Partition of J. wobls and woolfels in the ftaple of Calais, and by the long 
??°**l wo °*" and ftraight continuance of the fame, great hinderarice and 
e • c * decrcafc nave come to the King of great notable fums of his 
Staple. great cuftoms and fubfidies v as well in his realm of England^ 

c *k ,8# as at his town of Calais, as appeareth fufficiently of record in 

his exchequer, for the which the commons of this realm have 
been oftcntirtrescharged to their great damage, the King's foldi- 
crs of Calais, and of the marches there, the worfe paid of their 
wages, the faid town and caftle of Calais not repaired, and that 
alfo the faid ftraight rule hath caufed many merchants ftrangers 
to labour to their lords of their party to make as grievous and 
ftraight fearch upon bullion coining to the King's mint to 
Calais* fo that men of divers countries in conveyance of bul- 
lion have been greatly hindered, as well in their perfons 
as in their goods, fo that the faid mint is fallen in great decay, 
and may not be fuftained as it was in the time of the reign of 
King Henry the Fifth, father to our faid fovereign lord the 
King that now is, and many year, before that the faid partition 
was firft ordained and made. And that moreover that mer- 
chants of this realm be by that greatly hindered, and the 
mod part of them of very ivecefllty be enforced to leave their 
picrchandifes of wools and woolfels, becaufe that they may not 
attend the ftraight rule of the faid partition. And whereby 
fome do*fteal out of this realm wools and woolfels without 
payment of any cuftom or fubfidy, to our fovereign lord the 
King for the fame which hath been and is daily a great decreafe 
and hindeyance to the navy of this realm of England, and to 

the 



1 442 .] A nno vicefimo Henmci VI. %$j 

the matters of (hips and mariners, becaufe that their living 
and yearly avail is greatly decreafed and itiiniihed by the little 
(hipping of wools and woolfels of the faid ftaple, for the caufes 
aforefaid, and that the price and value of the wools and wool- 
fels by the (aid (height rules and ordinances of partition is very 
greatly decreafed and minifhed. And whereas upon the (ante 
it was prayed to the fame our fovereign lord the King that 
now is, by his faid commons by their petition to him , made, 
that it would pleafe him of his noble grace to confider tho 
premises, and for the univerfid weal, avail, and increafe of 
riches of this realm, to grant and ordain by the authority afore- 
faid. That all wools and woolfels, which hereafter mall be 
(hipped by merchants denizens of this realm of England to the 
ftaple of Calais, (hall be put to fide by the owners of the fame 
wools and woolfels, pr by their attornies there under due form' 
and rule of the faid ftaple, to the price and value of the faid 
wools and woolfels, as it is by the ordinance of the faid * 
ftaple at this time put and ufed, or at fuch price as by the rule 
of the faid ftaple (hall be ordained and appointed, as often and 
when it (hall pleafe the fame merchants or their attornies. So 
that the third part of the price and value for all fuch wools and 
woolfels to be fold hereafter to the faid ftaple, at the time of 
the fale and before the delivery of them, (hall be brought from 
the faid ftaple and had in bullion of filver to the King's mint, 
at Calais, there to be coined by^ the fyrveying of the mayor, 
eonftables, and company of the faid ftaple for the time being, to 
be delivered after that it is fo coined to the faid merchants owners 
pf the (aid wools and woolfels fo'fcld, and by them or their at- 
tornies to be brought and had in the faid realm of England by 
the ordinance and furveying of the faid mayor and eonftables 
and company of the faid ftaple for the time being, without em- 
bezzeling or fubtraclion qf that in any wife, and without any 
partition of the money which (hall come of the faid bullion, 
or of any payment of tnefe other parties of the value of the faid 
wools and woolfels to be had or made. And that this ordinance 
fliall endure til] the end of (even years next enfuing : The fame 
qut fovereign lord considering tne premifierf hath granted and 
ordained, by the authority aforefaid, That as to the partition 
aforefaid, the mayor and eonftables and company of the faid 
ftaple of Calais (ha jl reform the fame among themlelves accord- 
ing to the faid petition, before the firft day of Auguft next coming. 
And that it (hall be fo obferved hereafter during the faid vii, 
years. And if that they do not then the fame, our fovereign 
lord the King hath granted and ordained by the authority afbre- 
faid, That as to the petition and to the remanent in the fame 
petition contained, it (h?ll be dpne a$ i$ defired, 



Vol. Ill, S Statute* 



25$ 



Anno viccfimo tertio Henrici VI. 



[»444f 



Statutes made at Wejlmnfier t Anno 23 He n. VI. 
and Aim Dom. 1444. 



A 

fifth* 



T the parliament holden at 
, Weftminfter the twenty 

fifth d*y°f February, th$ twenty 

thu~ 



JC/ W 



parlement tenuz a 
Wcftm* 1c xxv jour de 
Feverer ha du reigne noftre 
feignur le Roi Henry le vL 
apres leconqueft xxiii. mefme 
noftre feimur le Roi del advyset 
affent de Jes feignurs efpirituehc 
et temporelx et les commu- 
nes efteantz en le dit parlement 
et parau&oritede mefme le par* 
lement, lift ordeigner & efla- 
blier diverfez ordeignauncez et 
eftatuitz en le maner et fourmc 
que enfuift. 



Ex edit* 
Pulton. 
36 Ed. 3. c. 2. 

No punrey- 
ance but tor 
the King. 
Ready pay- 
ment (hall be 
made. 

The name of 
purveyor* 
changed, and 
they named 
buyers. 
By whom 
goods pur- 
veyed (hall be 
praifed. 
Prifes (hall be 
made where 
there isplenty. 
No more (hall 
be taken than 
is needful for 
the time. 
A taker (hall 
have no de- 
puty. 

Thefealofthe 
commiflion. 
Refinance of 
the purveyors 
if they make 
not readypay- 



wd year of the reign of King 
Henry the Sixth after the con- 
ouefl, the fame our lord the King, 
by the advice and affentof the lords 

Jpirhualandtfmporal, andthetom- 
tnons being in the faid parliament, 
by the authority of the fame par- 
liament, made to be ordained, and 

Jlablijhed divep ordinance* and 

Jtatutes in the manner and form 

following. 

CAP. L 

A confirmation of the ftatute of 36 Edw. III. c. 2. and 
other flat utes touching the King's purveyors. 
The name of Purveyors turned into Buyers. 

FIRST, Whereas in the parliament holden the xxxvj. year 
of King Edward the Third, for the grievous complaints 
made againft purveyors of vidtuals, it was ordained and efta- 
blilhed, That no man of the realm (hould have any takings 
but only the King and the Queen his companion : (a) and 
that u|K>n fuch purveyance to be made for the houfes of the 
King and tlje Queen, ready payment (hould be made in hand, 
that is to fay, the price for which fuch viduals (hould be com- 
monly in markets near about j (3) and that the heinous name 
of purveyors fhoujd be changed, and named buyers : (4) And 
if the buyers cannot well agree with the feller, for that which 
(hall be needful, then the prifes that (hall be made for the did 
two houfes, (hall be made by the view, witneffing, and ap- 
praifinent of the lords, or their bailiffs and conftables, and 
four good men of every town, and that by indenture to "be made 
betwixt the buyers and the faid lords or bailiffs, conftables, or 
four men, containing the quantity of the thing by them taken, 
and the price, and of wliat perfons : (5) and that the prifes 
(hall be made in a convenient and eafy manner, without durets, 
menace, rebuke, or otherwife : (6) and that the prifes and 
buyings (hall be made in places where there is grcateft plenty, 
and that in convenient time : (j) and that there be no mora 
taken than (hall need for the ieafon for the faid two houfes : 
(8) and that the number of the faid buyers (hall be abated, 
in as much as a man may well : (9) and that fuch be buyers 
which (hall be fufficient to anfwer to the King and to his peo- 
ple* arid that none of them (hall have a deputy : (10) and that 

tht 



1444*] Anno viccfimo tetd6 Henrici VI. 259 

the commiffions (hall be fealed wkh the great Teal, and every ment,ortakt 
half year returned into the chancery, and other to be made of £ >roth !£ 
new : (11) and that in the faid cotamiflions (hall be compri- £2? to 
fed all the manner arid matter of their prifes and buyings, 
(12) and that no man (hall be bound to obey the buyers of 
other lords againft their will, nor to the buyers of the faid 
houfes, if they make not ready payment in hand, as afore is 
faid : (13) and that no man (hall be charged for a contempt 
becaufe of difobedience done in this behalf: (24) and that The corn 
the prifes of all manner of corn and malt for the faid two taken faal! be 
houfes, (hall be meafured by the meafure according to th< ^Ifa!^ 7 
ftandard ftricken and not heaped : (15) and for the carriage 4 £ < j - J-c / 3- 
of the corn and malt, and for all other manner of prifes and %$ Ed. 3. ft. 5. 
buyings to be made for thefe two houfes, ready payment (hjll c - *• 
be made in hand in the fame manner as for the prifes and "^ £•*•*•** 
buyings afbrefaid : (16) and that no more carriage be taken Ready pay- - 
than (hall be rieedful in this behalf: (17) and it any buyer ment for car- 
tnake any prifes and buyings, or be taker of carriage in any riage. 
other manner than is compfifed in their commiffions, they F ?^X^r tak * 
ihall have puniftunent 6f life and of member, as is ordained of 
purveyors, 

CAP, II. 

Jn what cafe the King's purveyors, who are by the lafi pre- 
cedent chapter to be termed buyers, may be rejtfted. 
ITEM, That no buyer of vidhial, or taker of carriage, (hall No jwirveyor 
take or receive of any man any gift or other pleafure, to (hall take or • 

ftiew any favour, or (hall charge or grieve any man in refpeft for ^ ar *!? r / a J 
-./.i^.. u-^ j & « & riT^j .. vow or malice. 

or fuch takings, buyings and carriages, for hatred, envy, evil Atakerftiall 

vrill, or procurement: (2) and if he do, and thereof be at- make a parti* 
tainted at the fuit of the party, he (hall yield to the party his cular account 
double damages, and (hall have imprifonment of two years, and ®f each thin g 
(hall be ranfomed at the King's will, and after (hall forfwear the a CIU 
court : (3) and if the party will not fue, he that will fue for 
the King, (hafl have the third peny of that which (hall be re- 
covered for his labour, and nevefthelefs the buyer and taker 
ihall have the punifhment as afore is faid in the fame article : 

J 4) and that every buyer upon his account (hall caufe to be 
leclared, and feverally di(lingui(hed the takings and buyings 
of every county, town or penon; (5) our faid lord the King a rehcarfaf 
that now is, confidering the premifles, hath ordained and com- and confirma- 
fnanded by authority of this faid parliament, That the faid tjonof the 
ftatutes from henceforth (hall be duly kept and put in execution, J^gJ °; c % 
(6) and alfo hath ordained by the fame authority, That every 
purveyor and buyer before they (hall have any commiflion, fhaH The takers 
be fworn in the chancery, that he (hall take nothing of the peo- oath: 
pie contrary to the faid ordinances. 

II. And moreover, becaufe the poor people be not able, nor {L^f^J, * 
dare make refiftance againft the purveyors and buyers, nor fue c cr * # 
them by the law, though that they do contrary to the faid 
ftatutes, it U ordained by the fame authority, That the praifers, 



260 Anno vicefimo tertio Henrici VI. [i444# 

and alfo all the town or towns adjoining, if need be, (hall be 

bound to do their endeavour and power to refift the buyers and 

purveyors doing contrary to the faid ftatutes, and as much as in 

them is, to execute the laid ftatutes upon the fame purveyors, if 

they be requiredj (2) and that he which is grieved tor his goods 

taken contrary to the faid ftatutes and ordinances, may choofe 

to have an a&ion of debt againft the faid praifers, town or 

tpwns, and every of them, which do not their induftry in rc- 

fiftance of the faid purveyors or buyers in the form aforefaid, 

when they (hall be required, or elfe againft the faid purveyors 

or buyers, and every of them, to recover the treble value of his 

goods fo taken, and moreover his cofts and his treble damages. 

Two fevcral (3) And if any purveyor or other the King's officer do trouble 

remedies for or vex any of the King's liege people in the marfhalfea or elfe- 

*** nffoTb where, by any evil fuggeftion or caufe feigned, imagined, or co- 

t^SScers/ l° urc ^ u P° n tnem ' n refpe<5t of Execution of the faid ordinances, 

The remedy if he (hall incur the pain of xxl. to be paid to the party grieved, 

the King's of- over his damages and cofts in this behalf fuftained : (4) and 

If^hml^h that hc thercu P on A 1 * 11 have * *"* °f dcbt > (5) rod that every 

fceketh^Uwful l ^ ue triable in their aftion, (hall be tried in the county where the 

revenge. taking of the faid goods was made, and that the defendants in 

all the faid cafes (hall not be admitted towage their law, and (hall 

The ferjeant be put to anfwer without fourching,and no eflbin, aid of the King, 

S^In? 1 " 7 nor prote&ion (hall be to them allowed : (6) and that the ferjeant 

for fome^Sc- °^ tne eatery (hall fatisfy all the damages, debts and executions 

ei? hit infe- which (hould be recovered againft every purveyor and buyer un- 

fior officers, der him in all the cafes afore&id, if the purveyor or buyer bejiot 

fufficient to fatisfy : (j) and the party complainant (hall have a 

Scire facias to have execution againft the (aid ferjeants in that 

cafe : < 8) and that thefe ftatutes and ordinances mall be feat to 

the juftices of the peace in every county to proclaim them every 

year, and thereof to inform the people. 

CAP. III. 

Whoever Jbatt pack or flip thrums or threads to pafs beyond 
tbefeas 9 during three years next coming, flail forfeit the 
fame, or the value. 

Kxfdit.Raft, TTEM, our faid fovereign lord the King hath ordained by 
X the authority aforefaid : That no man hereafter (hall pact 
nor (hip any thrums nor woolen threads in any wife, to be had 
or to pafs out of this realm of England beyond the fea, during 
the term of three years next enfuing, upon pain of forfeiture of 
the fame thrums and woolen thread, or the very value of the 
fame to the King : the King to have the one half thereof, and he 
which (hall the fame efpy, find, and prove the fame to be for- 
feit, to have the other half. And that he that packeth to (hip 
beyond the fea, any fuch thrums or woolen thread hereafter, 
% contrary to this ordinance, (hall have one year's imprifonment, 
and moreover (hall make fine and ranfom tor his offence in this 
behalf, faving always to the King his advantage by the ftatute 
made in the parliament holden at IVejlminJlcr the viii. year of his 

8 H. 6. c. 43. noble reign touching this matter. CAP. 



I444-] Anno vicefimo tertio Aenrici VI« 261 

CAP; IV. • 

Four wardens ofworfted weavers /hall be cho fen yearly dur- 
ing three years next coming, within the city <jf Norwich, 
and other four within the county of Norfolk, which /halt 
fet down orders for the true making of worfieds witbiH 
Norwich and Norfolk, and Suffolk. 

ITEM, whereas in the laft parliament of the King holden it 
Wejhmnfier y among other things it was enalted and granted 
by authority of the fame parliament, That where there were di- 
vers perfons as well within the city of Norwich as in the coun- 
ty of Norfolk j which made falfe work of all manner of worfteds, 
not being of the afiife in length and breadth as they ought to be, 
find Were of old time accuftomed, and the flaies and thread to 
that pertaining were falfly made and wrought, to the great de- 
• Ceit as well of denizens as of ftrangers repairing to this realm, 
which ufe to buy fuch merchandifes, trufting that they be with- 
in as it appearetn outwardly, where of truth it was contrary : ahd 
where worfteds were fometime good merchandifes and greatly 
defired and loved in the parts beyond the fea, becaufe it was df 
falfe work and of falfe ftuff, no man doth fet by the time, to 
the great damage of the King's cuftom, afld great damage and 
prejudice to his faithful people, if was alfo ordained to the de- 
ftrudion of fuch defaultsjThat the men of the faid craft within 
the faid City (hould have power every year at the feaft of Pente- 
cofty to choofe four warden* within tne faid City of the fame 
craft. And the fame wa-dens to have power to choofe other 
two men in the county out of the faid city, and all the faid war- 
dens to Come before the mayor of the faid city for the time 
being, the Monday after the <tty of Corpus Crijli theh next en- 
filing, and there to be fworn before the mayor, to make true 
and due fearch of all manner of worfteds, and of the ftuff per- 
taining to the fame, made or to be made within the (aid city or 
county, and that every piece of worded (hall be purfuing 
through all the cloth of right work good and convenable ftuff, 
and that they (hall hold the length and breadth as the afiife 
hath been Of old time accuftomed, that is to fay, beds of the 
greateft afiife in length xiiii. yards largely, and in breadth iHL 
yards largely through the piece, and beds of the mean affife xii 
yards in length, and in breadth through the piece iii yards, lnd 
and beds of the lead afiife x yards in length largely, and two 
yards and a half in breadth. And cloths called the monks 
cloths xii yards in length at the leaft and v quarters in breadth. 
And cloths called canon cloths of the one afiife v yards ifl 
length and vii. quarters in breadth. And of the other afiife vi 
yards in length and ii yards in breadth. And double worfted 
X yards in length, and v quarters in breadth. And half double 
ti. yards in length and v. quarters in breadth, and roll worfted 
TOtx. yards in length and half a yard in breadth largely. Ahd 

S3 that 



262 Anno vicefimo tertio HeNRICI VI. {l444« 

Pcltwool. that no lambs wool nor wool called Peltwool (hall be put in 
any of the fame worfteds. - And that the wardens of the laid 
craft for the time being (hall have power and authority to fcife 
all fuch cloths and ftuff fo found defective, and that the mayor 
of the (aid city for the time being have power to enquire, hear, 
and determine as well at the King's fuit as at the information 
of the faid wardens, of all them that do contrary to the faid or- 
dinance within the faid city. In like form the juftices of the 
peace in the (aid county out of the faid city, (hall have power to 
enquire, hear, and determine of all them th*t do contrary to 
the premifles in the faid county put of the faid city. And if any 
man before the faid mayor or iiiftice of the peace (hall be duw 
convidt and attainted, that then the fame wprfteds and ftuff, 
fo found defe&ive (hall be forfeit, that is to fay, the on$ half of 
fuch forfeiture to the King, ai>4 the other na)f to the war- 
dens of the faid craft for the time being. And that the payor 
for the time being of the faid city, and the juftices of the peaoe 
in the faid county, (hall have power to make fuch procefs fevp- 
rally againft fuch perfon or perfons, which (hall be found de- 
fective by enquiry before them to be taken of any thing doqe 
contrary to the premises, as the juftices of peace do upon in- 
dictments taken before them of trefpafs done with force and 
arms againft the King's peace. And that the faid ordinance 
(hall begin to take effedt at the feaft of St. Mkhatl next enfujng 
the faid parliament, to endure till the end of three years : The 
King confidering the premifles, hath ordained by authority of 
his (aid parliament, holden the xxv. day of February, for the 
weal of all his people of his faid realm, and in amendment of 
the faid worfteds, for and in dcftru&ion of all manner of de- 
ceit to be done and wrought in worfteds by them that have 
them by the means of the fame, that the men of the faid craft 
within the faid city (hall have power every year at the feaft of 
Pintecojl to choofe four wardens within the faid city of the frme 
craft. And alfo in like manner that the artificers of the fame 
craft, dwelling out of the (aid city, that is to fay, in the county 
of Norfolk* (hall have power every year at the feaft of Pentad 
to choofe four wardens within the laid county of the fame craft. 
And that the wardens in the faid county and city (hall be fwom 
before the mayor of the faid city, and the ftewara of the dutcby 
of Lancqfter within the faid county for the time being, if he be 

Erefent within the faid city, or elle before the mayor alone, the 
Lid fteward being abfent at fuch time. And that all the find 
wardens, as well within the faid city *s without, or elfc the 
moft part of *hem, under the fame form before rehearfed, cho- 
fen and fworn, (hall have full power to furvey the work of the 
faid artificers. And that they (hall make and work well anil 
lawfully. And do to be ordained fuch rules ?nd ordinances 
within the faid craft, as (hall feem to them neceflary for the *- 
mendment of the faid worfteds and the crtft. And that fucfc 
rules and ordinances by them fo made and ordained to be by 
the faid artificers obeyed and, obferved* Qf sife facfe of tf*e fijtf 

airtH 



I444-] -Aiino vkcfimo tertto Hstmici Vf. a£| 

artificers that break or do contrary to the (aid rules an* drdinan** 
ces, to be punifhed by the difcretion 6i the faid mayor and 
Aeward. And alfo that no ihan of the faid craft fhatt make any 
worded, except he put upon the fame his fign by the ordinance 
of the faid wardens, or otherwife the faid worfteds (hall be for* 
feit to the King, and that the faid wardens, as well within 
the faid city, as within the countie* of Norfolk and Suffolk, fhaO 
have full power to fearch or do to be fearched all manner of 
worfteds, as well within the looms as without the looms; And 
that all manner of worded and ftuff pertaining to the feme 
found by them for any caufe recited defe&ive by the faid waiv 
dens to be forfeit, that is to fay, the one half to the mayor and 
bailiffs of the city, boroughs, or towns, or to the chief lord* 
of the fee of and in fuch places where fuch worfteds arid ftuff 
by the faid wardens (hall happen to be found defe&rve and for- 
feitable for any caufe aforefaid, and the other half to the wardens- 
of the faid craft, and that all manner mayors, fheriffs, and bai- 
liffs, and all other officers (hat) be attending, aiding, and fop* 
porting the faid wardens in their fearches, as often a& they of 
any or them (hall be by the faid wardens or any of t hum requir- 
ed. And that this ordinance (hall endure till the end of three 
years next enfuing. Provided always, That if the wardens of 
the faid craft, as well within the faid city of Norwich as with- 
out, or otherwife the greater part of them in manner and fbim 
aforefaid, happen to be chofen and fworn to make any fuch rules 
and ordinances as afore is faid, that the fame rules and ordinan- 
ces (hall be in no wife put in execution before that the King and 4 
his counfel be certified of them, and that the fame rules and or- 
dinances (hall feem to the King and his counfel expedient and 
neceflary for the weal of the King and of his realm. 

CAR V. 
Wdchmen indifted eftreafon or felony, that do repair tntti 
Herefordfhire, Jhall be apprehended and imprtfortid, of 
or elfe purfued by hue and cry, and a forfeiture of thoft 
which do not purfue them. 

ITEM, whereas divers perfons dwelling in Whales and in the Wales, 
marches of TVales* indi&ed and outlawed of treafons and fe- *7 H. *. c, *<i 
lonies coming into the county of Hereford to cities and burghs 
towns, fairs and markets, and to other places within the laid 
county, fbmetime by night, and there fell, buy merchandife and 
tarry' by ii. iii. iv. days or more at their will, and after return 
into their own countries without grievance, impeachment, or 
execution of the law made upon them by the fheriff of the faid 
county, his minifters, or by any other perfon, by reafon that 
the fheriff and his minifters oftentimes have no knowledge rf l 
their perfons, nor of their being within the faid county, and o- 
ther perfons, fome for favour and- amity, and fome for doubt of 
hurt, by reafon of which none doing of due execution of the 
law, the £ud perfons indifted, outlawed, and othtr oJftnder* of 

S + WaUiy 

i 



%6+ Anno vicefimo tcrtio Henrigi VI. [1444* 

Wales, and of the marches aforefaid, doubt not to come, flay, 
burn, rob, and to do Other offences in the faid county, to the 
perpetual deftrudion and impoverishment of the commons of 
the (aid county : our faid fovereign lord the King, confidering 
the premises, hath granted by authority aforefaid, That if the 
fhenfF, underiheriff, or any (herifFs minifters, mayor and bai- 
liffs of towns and boroughs, or any other perfon converfant 
within the faid county, know and fee any fuch perfon indided 
or outlawed in any place within the (aid county, that he (hall 
arreft, take, and bring him to the gaol within the laid county, and 
there (hall deliver him to the gaoler after the law of the realm. 
And if any fuch perfon indicted of outlawed will difobey the 
arreft to be made in the form aforefaid, that he againft whom 
fuch difobeifance is made, (hall levy hue and cry. And that 
every perfon that is converfant within the faid county that hear- , 
eth the hue and cry, (hall come and aid him that levieth the 
laid hue and cry, to take the faid offender, and (hall do their 
power that to do. And if they cannot take him, they (hall fol- 
low and purfue him out of the faid county with hue and cry. 
And that the (heriff, under-(heriff, and their minifters, mayor 
and bailiffs converfant and hearing of fuch hue and cries, (hail 
make due execution of the faid ordinance according to their 
power, upon the pain, that is to fay, the faid (heriff, under- 
(hcriff, and their minifters, mayors and bailiffs, to make fine 
and ranfom to the King, and the faid perfons converfant and 
hearers, that is to fay, a knight aC.s. an efquire forty (hil- 
lings, and all other inhabitants twenty (hillings. And that the 
juftices of peace in the faid county for the time being, (hall 
have power to enquire, hear and determine upon the defaults 
and negligencies of the faid (heriff, under-fheriff and minifters, 
mayor and bailiffs, converfant and hearers of the faid hues and 
tries. And moreover the King will, That the ftatute of /fW- 
mnflcr primary touching like matter, (hall be put in due exe- 
cution. 

CAP. VI. 
A rehear fal of the ftatute of 15 Hen. 6. C. 2. touching li- 
cence to tranfport corn, when wheat doth not exceed vis. 
vind. the quarter , and barley iiis. iv. d. and the fame 
ftatute made perpetual. 

[TEM, whereas at the parliament holden-at JVeftminfter the 
xv. year of the reign of the King that now is, for the com* 
mon profit of all the realm, it was ordained in the form as fol- 
loweth. Item, whereas by the law it was ordained, That no 
man may carry or bring corn out of the realm of England, with* 
out the King's licence, by reafon whereof farmers and other men 
Cora* which ufe the manuring of land, may not fell their corn but at 

a low price, to the great damage of all the realm : our fovereign 
lord the King, willing in this cafe to provide a remedy, hath 
ordained by authority aforefaid,That it (hall be lawful to every 
man to (hip and carry all manner of cpm and grain out of th* 

rcalm t 



1 



] Anno viccfimo tertio HfeNRici VL 265 

, to any place that pleafeth him* except only to the ene- 

rf our (overeign lord the King, a^ often and as long as a 

vc of wheat doth not exceed the price of vi s. and viii d. Grain, 

quarter of barley iiis% in the fame port where the wheat 

rley is fo (hipped, and that without fueing any licence 

e fame, and sdl other ordinances before this time made to 

mtrary notwithftanding. Provided always, That the King 

ntented of his cuftoms and money. And this ordinance 

sndure till the next parliament. And forafmuch as this 

t is not now in force, and that many counties adjoining to 

a may not fell the fubftance of their corn, but by carriage 

carried by the fea : our laid fovereign lord the King (con- 

ig the premises) hath ordained by authority of his (aid 

ment, holden the faid five and twentieth day of February* ^^ 

he ftatute and ordinance aforeCaid by authority of the fame ^ jj^^jl^ 

ment (hall be perpetual, and (land in his force for ever, n jac i.c.*i# 

CAP. VII. 
fathering vf head-pence by the Jheriff of Northumber- 
land^// ceafe. 

EM come lex poverez YTEM, whereas the poor com- 

X mom* and the King's faithful 
liege people of his county ^Nor- 
thumberland, have been of long 
time oppreffed and fur charged by 
the fieri ffs of the faid county for 
the time beings levying or caufing 
to be levied oftheir goods and chat- 
tels* to the fum of forty pounds, 
and more^ called Head-pence* two 
times in feven years, that is to 
fay 9 every third year* and every 
fourth year, to their own avail* 
without any account* profit* or 
advantage to the King* and with- 
out any lawful caufe -or ground* 
but of their great extortion* which 
caufeth divers men to labour and 
expend great goods to be Jberiff*, 
when the faid years come* to the 
great opprejjion of the faid com- 
mons'* (2) our lord the King The waJ ^ tfm 
confidering the premises, hath j ng ofhead- 
ordained and granted by the pence by ' 
authority aforefaid, That the™ ri £°f 
faid gathering of the faid head- gjfj"" 
pence (hall be clearly put out cea f c , 
for ever, any ufe or cuftom to 
the contrary notwithftanding, 
upon pain of an Cli. to be 
paid, the one half of the feme 

tQ 



come 

tmmunes & foialx liegez 
yy de fon counte de Nor- 
br' ount efte de longe 
1 oppreflez & furchargez 
% vilcountz du dit coun- 
ur le temps efteantz, ,le- 
z & faccntz levc de lour 
& chateux a la fomme de 
& pluis, appellez Hede* 
1* deux foitz en vij ans, 
t chefcune tierce an & 
tine iiije an, a lour propre 
e, faunz afcune accompt, 
, ou availle a Roi & faunz 

loial avyce ou founde- 
, finoun de lour graund 
Son, le quele caufa diver- 
ommez de laborer & ex- 
:r graundez biens deftre 
mt, quant lez ditz ans 
ent, a le pluis greindre 
iffion de lez ditz com- 
» : Noftre dit feignur le 
confiderant lee premiflez, 
»rdeigne & graunte per 
>rite fuifdit, que le dit 
I de lez ditz hede penyez 
>ut ouftrement ouftez pur 
jours, afcun ufe ou cuf- 

eue a le contrarie nient 
obftaunt 



the 



Northumber- 
land (hall 



266 Anno vicefimo tertto Henkici VI. \ t*444* 

to the King, and the other obftaunt, far payne dc Cff 



deftre paiez, June moite diceile 
a Roi, & (autre moite diceile 
a la partie qui fiia la forfaitun) 
envers le vifcount. Ceft or* 
deignaunce a commencer a ta 
feft de la nativite de Seint John 
le Baptifte que fern en Ian 
noftreieignurM.CCCC.xlvf. 

CAP. VIII. 

No manjhall befheriff % wuler-Jberiff, i£c. above a year. 

B*Ed.3.ftat.i TTEM, whereas King Ed- "fTEM come le Roi E. le 
c-7- A ward the Third* for divers 

a Lutw.193. anqfpedal caufes* in bis parlia- 



half to the party which will 
fiie for the forfeiture againft the 
iheriff. This ordinance to be- 
gin at the feaft of the nativity 
of St. John Baptijl* which (hall 
be in the year of our Lord 
M.CCCC,xlvi. 



tiEd-s-C?. 



ment balden at Weftminfter the 
Wednefday next after Midlent, 
the fourteenth sear of his reign* 
or that feveraf Jberiffs in divers 
eounties in England then beings 
bad their office s* fome for a term 
of years of the King's grants and 
erne trujHng of longer continu- 
ance in their offices* by procure- 
ment* &c. were greatly encourag- 
ed* and did rake upon them to do 
many and divers opprej/ions to the 
King's liege people, unduly* and 
evil* and faljly toferve the King 
and his people did ordain andfla- 
blijh* That no Jberiff Jbould tarry 
and abide in his office above a year* 
and that then another meet and 
fufficient wan Jbould be afftgned in 
bis place by the chancellor and 
treasurer of England, and the 
thief baron of the exchequer* and 
other evcy year in the morrow of 
All-Souls, as it appeareth in the 
faid Jlatute ; (2} and after the 
faid Jlatute fo made* by another 
[ftatute made at Weftminfter, in 
the parliament of the faid King* 
holden the firfi day of May, the 
forty fecend year of his reign* he 
ordained and made* That no Jbe- 
riff* or under-Jbertff* nor Jberiff* s 
clerk, Jbould tarry and abide in bis 
office over one year* as it is ordained 
by other Jlatutes before this time* as 
it appeareth more plainly ly the faid 
Jlatute 



JL tierce, pur dtverfcz Jc not** 
able* caufez en fan parkment 
tenuz a Weftra' le meflcody 

f>rofchein apres le di.' quarefme 
an de fon reigne xiije pur cauft 
que diverfez vifcountz en di- 
verfez counteez^ dEngleterre 
adonques efleauntz avoient lour 
office*, afeuns pur terme dans 
de graunte du Roi, ic afcuai 
connanto en pluis ionge coo* 
tinuance en lour office*, per 
procurement &c. furent graun- 
dement elbaudez, 5c priifo- 
ront fur eux, de fake ph- 
fourt & diverfez oppreftfons 
a le liege poeple du Roy meym 
duement & malement ft fauxe- 
ment fervoient 1c Roi & fan 
poeple; ordeigna & fiA, que 
nulle vifcount demurecoit At 
expelteroit en fon office ouftit 
tin an & que adonqes un autre 
covenable & fufficient homor* 
ferroit ordeine en fon lieu per 
le chauncetler & treforer dEng- 
leterre & le chief baron dd rf* 
ehequer & autres chdcime m 
en lendemayn dez touts al- 
mez ; ficome il appiert en k 
dit eftatut : & apres ceH eftatut 
iflint fait, per un autre eftafctf 
fait a Weftm' en le pariement 
du dit Roi tenuz le prim' jowr 
May Ian de fon reigne xlij> or- 
deigna & Aft, que null vif- 
count fouthvifcount, nc ckrit 
de vifcount, demumok m 

ex- 



j./) AnnovlcefimotsruoHsNRici VL 267 

fteroit ert fon office Quftre JlatuU of the fame ferty-ficond 

year. (3) A'miW , R. a . c .i.. 
/for Jtatute made a Weftmin- 



n an ; ficome eft or4eigne 
utres eftatutz fait* devaunt 

temps; ficopie il pluis 
ement appiert per le dit e- 
t del xlij an. Et ouftr' ceo 
n autre eftatut faitaWeftxn' 
p xv de feint Michell Ian 
«igne du Roy Richard le 
nd; primer fuift ordeigne et 
que nulle bonupe que avoit 

vifcount dafcun countee 
in entier an ne ferroit eflieu 
jfqitz, ne mys en la dit 
5, deinz trois ana adon- 

profcheinz ejifuantz; fir 
1 que ne foit afcun autre 
qant deinz le dit countet 5 
ie il pluis pleinement ap- 

per le dit eftatut du Roi 
ord: & come en diverfez 
teez dEngleterre apres la 
nee dez ditz eftatutz plu- 
; diverfez vifcountes ount 

feitz, & ount occupies 
l lcz ditz counteez, af- 
x. ans, & afcuns xij. ans, 
uis, a le graund damage 
loi qoreft, fez progeni- 
>, & lour poeple deinz lez 
counteez, contrarie a lez 
eftatutz, & tout autre bon 

& veraie femblablement 
imps avenir deftre import- 
damage, overt diftieri- 
ce, & fupportation domi- 
& perjurre, & graund op- 
ion as plufours du liege 
le du Roi confiderez lez 
adez confanguinite alii- 
e les famulers des vif- 
te$, fibien de ceux qe ount 
devaunt ceft temps, come 
eux que ore fount eg les 
countees : noftre dit feig- 
le Roi, confiderant les pre- 
s, ad ordeigne per lau&o- 
ujfdit, que les eftatutz de- 
t recitez & chefcun de 
bient duement obfervez en 
rime cQimtec dEngleterre, 
les 



fter, the fifteenth of St, Michael, 
defirft yw a fw reign of King 
Richard the Second* it was or- 
dained and made* That no man 
which hath been Jberiff of any 
county by one whole year* Jball be- 
another time chofen hot put in the 
faid qffice within thru fears next 
enfuing* except that thpre he not 
other fufficient within the faid 
county* as itappeareth moreplam- 
fy by tbfaidJlatuteefKiugRich- 
ard. (4) And whereat in divers 
counties in England, after the 
making efthefaidjiatutes* many 
<iud Jeveral jbmffs have been 
made, and have occupied within 
the (aid counties* fome ten years* 
and fome ttvehe years* and mire, 
to the great damage of the Xing 
that now is* his progenitors* and 
their people within the faid coun- 
ties* contrary to the faidjlatutes* 
and all other good rule* and vety 
like in time to come to be to their 
importable damage* and open dif- 
herifon* upholding of manjkugb- 
ter* perjury* and great opprejfion 
to many of the King's liege people* 
confideriug the great consanguinity* 
alliance* and familiars ofthejhe- 
riff* as well of them as have been 
before this time* as of them which 
now be in the faid counties ; (5^ a confirm*- 
pur faid lord the King, conli- ti<*n or the 
dering the premiffes, hath or- ibtutej afone- 
dained, by the authority afore- ^ gg£ 
(aid, That the ftatutes before fter iff aba va 
recited, and every of them (hall one year, &c. 
be duly obferved in every coun- ** Ed. j.c.7. 
ty of England. (The under- 
(neriffs, and all other officers 
within the city of London* which 
now be, or (hall; be, at all 
tunes excepted; and fuck 
counties only except, in which 
divers of the King s liege peo- 
ple be inheritable tot the office 

of 



*68 



The penalty 
for occupying 
tbelheriff- 
wick above 
one year. 
Altered by 
isEd.+ ci. 



Alt patents 
made to any 
tobeiheriffa- 
above a year, 
(ball be void* 



Anno viccfimo tertia HfcNftfcl VT. [14^4; 

of (heriffs at this day, and alfo les fouthvifcounts & touts les 
fuch perfons as have eftate of 
freehold in the office of (heriffs 
at this day, and except the let- 
ters patents made to them of 
the office of (heriffs* and their 
under-fheriffs and clerks.) (6) 
And if any (heriff, or under- 
fheriff, or IherifPs clerk, oc- 
cupy the office of (heriff, un- 
der-(heriff, or (heriff's clerk, 
contrary to any of the ftatutes 
afore recited, or againft the ef- 
fect or intent of any of them 
(except before excepted) that 
then he which doth io occupy, 
(hall forfeit the fum of CCli. 
yearly, as long as he occupieth 
contrary to the effedt of the faid 
ftatutes; (7) and that every 

}>ardon hereafter to be made 
or fuch offence or occupation, 
or forfeiture of fums before 
recited, (hall be void, and not 
available, and all patents made, 
or to be made, of any the 
(aid offices for term of years, 
for term of life, or in fee-fim- 
ple, or in fee-tail, to any of 
the King's liege people (except 
before "excepted) (hall be void 
and of no value, by the fame 
authority, any claufe or word 
of Non obftante in any wife put 
or to be put in fuch patents to 
be made notwithftanding. (8) 
And moreover, whofoever will 
take upon him or them, to 
have or occupy the faid office 
of (heriff, by virtue of fuch 
grants or patents now to be 
made for term of years, for 
term of life, fee-fimple, or fee- 
tail, (hall ftand for ever and at 
all times difabled to be or bear 
the office of (heriff within any 
county in England by the fame 
authority, fo) And that every 
liege man which will fue for the 
faid fum forfeit, againft him or 
them which in fuch manner 
doth 



outres officers deinz la citeede 
Loundres que ore fount ou 
ferrount tout temps excepts, & 
autielx countees tantfoulement 
excepts, en queux divers de fe 
liege poeple du Roi en loffice 
de vifcount a ceft jour fount cn- 
heritez, & auxint tielx perfo- 
nes que ount eftate de frank 
tenement en loffice de vifoount 
mefme ceft jour & lettres pa- 
tents a eux faitz del office (fe 
vifcount & lour fouth-vifcounts 
ic clerks exceptz. Et fi afcuft 
vifcount ou clerk de vifcount 
occupia office de vifcount, 
fouthvifcount, ou clerk de re- 
count, contrarie a afcuns deb 
eftatutz avaunt recitez, ou eo- 
countre leffect ou entent dtf- 
cun de eux exeeptz devaunt 
exceptz; que adonques ctftur 
que ifllnt occupia, forfaira a 
fomme de CC li. annudement, 
auxi longement come il occur 
pia contrarie al effed dez ditt 
eftatutz* Et que chefcune 
pardon en temps avenir deftrt 
fait pur tiel offenfe, occupation, 
ou forfeiture dez fommez a* 
vaunt receitez,ferroit voidezfc 
nient availablez ; & toutz pa- 
tentz, fait & affairs, de afcuA 
de les ditz offices pur tennc 
dans terme de vie, en fee fim- 
pie, ou fee taille, a afcun deles 
liegez du Roi, exceptz devant 
exceptz, foient voidez & de 
null value per mefme laueto- 
rite, afcun claufe ou parole de 
non obftante en afcun mys on 
a mettre en tielx patentzdefht 
faittfiient obftauntz. Etouftre 
ceo quiconque prefume for lay 
ou fur eux, daccepter ou oc- 
cupier la dit office de vifcount 
per vertue dautielx grauute* 
ou patentz ore affaire* par 
terme dans, a terme de vie> 
fee fimple, ou fee taille, de* 
ftoicr 



1444*] Anno viccfimo tcrtio Henrici VL 269 

ftoier difable pcrpctuclment doth forfeit or (hall forfeit, fliall 

& tout temps, deftre ou porter be received aud admitted to ^° £*** 

loffice de vifcounnt deinz af- fue an a<ftion of debt in his nStoftte 

am oountee en Engleterre per own name, our lord the King forfeiture 

Define laudorite ; & que to have the one half of all that 

chefcune liege homme que fliall happen by the fame a&ion 

voetfuerpurladitfommefor- to be recovered by fuch fuit, 

flit envers celluy ou ceux que and he or they that fo purfue 

en tid manere forface ou fort a- to have the other half. 

cent ferra refceu & admys de fuer 

adion dt dette en fon propre noun, le Roy davoir lune moite 

de tout ceo que aveignera per icelle a&ion deftre recoverez per * 9 H.6.c.«*; 

del fuite, & celluy ou ceux qui iflint purfuera ou purfueront da- 6 II.8x.it. 

ver lautre moite. 

CAP. IX. 

the Chancellor 0/ England may gram commiffions of fewer s 
during fifteen years. 

ITEM, whereas in the parliament holden at Wifimtnfier atExxditRafe 
the xv of St. Aftchaely the fixth year of the reign of the King 
that now k, for the great damages and lodes that happen by 
the great rifing of water in divers parts of this realm, and that 
many greater lofles were like to have come, if remedy had not 
been haftily provided, wherefore by authority of the faid parlia- 
ment it was ordained and granted, by ten years then next enfu ing, 
That fe vend commiffions of fewers mould be made to divers per- 
sons bytheKing'schancellorof^&Wforthetime being, named Commiffions 
in all parts of this realm where need is, after the form follow- of fewer* 
ing in the fame ftatutes, by reafon whereof the faid mifchiefs 
were greatly reformed and amended. And whereas now of late 
in divers parts of this realm, by great riling of water, many towns 
and lands to a great quantity be drowned and deftroyed, to the 
great hindrance of this realm, and great prejudices, damages and 
mifchiefs, be very likely to fall, ifremedy be not haftily for the 
feme provided : the King considering the premifles, and how 
the ten years be pafled, hath ordained by authority aforefaid, 
That during the term of xv years next enfuing, the chancellor of 
England for the time being (hall have power to make commif- 
fions of fewers out of the King's chancery, under the King's 
peat feal, in fuch form as it was granted to be made by the 
Satute made the faid fixth year. 

CAP. X. 

Nojberiffjball let to ferm his county or any bailiwick. The 
jberiffs and bailiffs fees and duties in fever al cafes. 

ITEM, le Roi confiderant TTEM, The King, confider- 4 H . 4. c. 5. 

lez graundez perjure ex- A ing the great perjury, ex- Hob. ij." 

torfion et oppreflion, queux tortion, and opprefiion which Cro.ELn, n t 

fount ct ount efteez en ceft be and have been in this realm **• x i % * *v* 
roialmc by '»* %7U 



270 



Ndfceriffftall 
let to ferm his 
county, or 
any bailiwick, 
hundred, or 
wapentake. 



No** of the 
IherifPs offi- 
cers thall be 
returned up- 
on inquefts. 



Anno vicefiftio tcrtio HtNRioi VI. 
roialnie per fez 



si H. 7. f. 16. 
Dyer, 119. 
Latch. 54. 
5 Mod. 225. 
3 Ed. i. c. 26. 



The fheriff 
and his bai- 
liffs fees for 
arrefts and 
attachments. 
Raft. 357. 
Co. pi. 36$. 
The fheriffs 
and officers 



by his (herifife, undef-fheriffs, 
and their clerks, coroners, 
ftewards of franchifes, bailiffs, 
and keepers of prifons, and 
other officers in divers coun- 
ties of this realm, hath ordain- 
ed by authority aforefaid, in 
efchewing of all fuch extortion, 
perjury, and oppreffion, that 
no (heriff (hall let to ferm, in 
any manner, his county, nor 
any of his bailiwicks, hundreds, 
nor wapentakes ; (2) nor that 
the faid fheriffs, under-fheriffs, 
bailiffs of franchifes, nor any 
other bailiff, (hall return, up- 
on any writ or precept to them 
directed to be returned any in- 
quefts in any panel thereupon 
to be made, any bailiffs, of- 
ficers, or fervants to any of the 
officers aforefaid, in any panel 
by them fo to be made ; (3) 
nor that any of the faid officers 
and minifters, by occafion, or 
under colour or their office, 
fhall take any other thing by 
them, nor by any other perfon 
to their ufe, pront, or avail, of 
any perfon by them, or any of 
them, to be arretted or attach- 
ed, nor of none other for them, 
for the omitting of any arreft 
or attachment to be made by 
their body, or of any perfon 
by them or any of them, by 
force or colour of their office, 
arretted or attached, for fine, 
fee, fuit of prifon, mainprife, 
letting to bail, or (htwing any 
cafe or favour to any fuch per- 
fon fo arretted, or to be ar- 
retted, for their reward or pro- 
fit, but fuch as follow ; that is 
to fay, for the (heriff xx d. the 
bailiff which maketh the ar- 
reft or attachment, four pence, 
and the gaoler, if the prifoner 
be committed to his ward, four 
pence ; (4) Andthatthe fheriff, 
under-meriff, fherifTs clerk, 
fteward 



['♦Hi 

per lex vifcounra, 
fouthvifcountz, ct lour clerks, 
coroners, fenefchaJbcdeafraun- 
chifez, baillifs et gardcinz dea 
prifons, et autres officers en di- 
verfez counteez diced roialme, 
ad ordcigne per laudorite finf- 
drt, en efchuyng dez touts 
tiehc extorfions, perjurie, et op* 
preffion, que nulle vifcount 
leffe a ferme en afcun manere 
fon cotmte, ne afcun de fee 
baillifwiks, hundredez, ne wa- 
pentakes, ne que kz ditx vifc 
countz, fouthvifcountz baillifi 
dez rVaunchifcz, ne aicun autre 
baillif, retoume furafcun briefe 
ou precept a tux dired, de re* 
tourne aicuns enqueftez ou at 
cuns parteilez fur ceo deftrt 
fait, aicuns baillifs, officer!, 
ou fervaunt* a aicun de lea 
officers fuifdite, en afcun pa- 
nelle per eux iflint affaire, ne 
que null de kz dite officers et 
miniftrez, per occafion, en 
fouth colour, de lour office, 
preigne afcun autre chafe pet 
eux ne per afcun autre perfone 
a lour oeps ou availle dafcnt 
perfone per eux ou afcuns de 
eux deftre arreftuz ou attache!, 
ne de nulle autre pur eux, pur 
le lefler dafcun arreft ou at- 
tachement deftre fait per bur 
corps, ou de afcun perfone per 
eux ou afcun de eux per race 
ou colour de lour office areftut 
ou attachez, pur fyn, fee, fewet 
de prifon, maynpris, leflance a 
bailie, ou monftraunce afcun 
eafe ou favour a afcun tid per-' 
fone iflint arreftuz ou arrefner, 
pur lour regard ou profit, fi 
noun tiel come ertfuift, fcilieet 
pur le vi fcount xx d . le baillif qe 
face larreft ou lattachement 
iiij d. & le gaoler, fi le prifoner 
foit commis a fa garde, iiij (L 
Et qe le vifcount, fouthvit 
count, clerk de vifcount, fenef* 

cbaU 



..] Anno vkefimo tertio Henrici VL 



ou baillif dt fraunchife, 
int ou baillif, ne coroner, 
le per colour de fon' of- 
ier luy neper afcun autre 
le a (on uie, dafcun per- 
pur la faifure dafcun re- 
e ou panelle afcun chofe, 
; la copie dun panell iiij d. 
e lez dit viicountz, et 
autres officers & miniftrez 
itditz, leflerount hors du 
itoutz maners dez per- 
per eux ou afcun de eux 
iers ou efteant en lour 

per force dafcun briefe, 
ou garraunt en afcun ac- 
perionell, ou per caufe 
tement de trefpas, fur re- 
le fuerte dez fufficeantz 
lez eiantz fufficeaunte 

lez counteez lou tielx 
tez fount iffint lcflez a 

ou maynpris, de gander 
ours en tielx lieux come 
tz briefs billez ou gar- 
z requirent ; ttel perfone 
rfonez qui fount ou fcr- 

en lour garde per con* 
nation, execution, Capias 
atum, ou Excommunica- 
fuerte de peas, et toutz 
perfonez qui fount com- 
1 gard per efpecial com- 
dement dafcun juftice, 
gerauntz refufauntz de 

folonque la fourme del 
t dez laborers, tauntfoule- 

exceptz. Et qc nulle 
int, ne nulle dez officers 
iniftrez fuifditz, preigne 
:e de prendre ou faire af- 
bligation pur afcun caufe 
:z, ou colour de lour of- 
Snoun tauntfoulement a 
nefmez, dafcun perfone, 
ur afcun perfone, qui 
i lour garde per le cours 
( leye, forfque fur le 
de lour office, et fur con- 
. que la dit prifoner ap- 
: a le jour cojiteignuz en 
et 



fteward or bailiff of franchife, 
fervant of bailiff or coroner, 
(hall not take any thing by 
colour of his office, by him nor 
by any other perfon to his ufe, 
of any perfon for the making 
of any return or panel, and for 
the copy of any panel, but ivd. 
(5) And that the faid (heriffs, 
and all other officers and mi- 
nifters aforefaid, (hall let out of. 
prifon all manner of perfons 
by them or any of them ar- 
retted, or being in theircuftody, 
by force of any writ, bill, or 
warrant in any a&ion perfonal, 
or by caufe of indictment of 
trefpafe, upon reafonable fure- 
ties of fufficient perfons, having 
fufficient within the counties 
where fuch perfons be fo let 
to bail or mainprife, to keep 
their days in fuch place as the 
Aud writs, bills, or warrants 
ihall require. (6) Such per- 
fon or perfons which be or 
(hall be in their ward by con- 
demnation, execution, Capias 
Vtlagaf or Excomnmmcatum y 
furety of the peace, and all fuch 
perfons which be or (hall be 
committed to ward by fpecial 
commandment of any juftice, 
and vagabonds refuting to ferve 
according to the form of the 
ftatute of labourers only except. 
(7) And that no (hcriff, nor 
any of the officers or minifters 
aforefaid, ihall take or caufe to 
be taken, or make, any obliga- 
tion for any caufe aforefaid, or 
by colour of their office, but 
only to themfelves, of any per- 
fon, nor by any perfon which 
(hall be in their ward by the 
courfe of the law, but by the 
name of their office, and up- 
on condition written, that the 
faid prifoners ihall appear at 
the day contained in the faid 
writ, bill or warrant, and in 
fuel* 



271 

fees for the 

copy of a 

panel. 

3 Ed. 1. c. *£• 

Cro. El. 75. 

3 Leon. ioS« 



What perfons 
may be bailed, 
what not. 
Latch.t3.t4j* 
Plowd. 60. 
The condi- 
tions of the 
bail bond. 



Carthew, 500* 
1 Mod. 127. 



% Mod. 177. 
3 Mod. 307. 
1 Sid. 383. 
t Saund. j6i, 
162. 

lAnderf. 12*. 
z Leon, 78, 
107, u3. 
f Aoderf.167. 
Hob. 13. 
10 Co. ioi« 
Dyer, n8 9 
313,364. 
3 Co. 59. 
10 Co. 99. 
Cro. Jac. *85. 
Cro. Car. 309, 
438. 

Savil, 8i» 
Hob. 7*. 



272 



Anno vicefimo tertio Henrici VL T f 444^ 



ThefliernTt 
fee for an ob- 
Mgatio*, war* 
rant, or 
precept* 

Thefteriff 
fall make de- 
puties in the 
King's court. 



The forfei- 
tures of the 
offenders, and 
who (hall have 
them. 



What juftioet 
may inquire 
of bear and 
determine the 
offence* afore- 
Oid. 



Tbeflieriffre 
turning dpi 



fuch places as the faid writs, 
bills, or warrants (hall require. 
(8) And if any of the laid (he- 
riffs, or other officers or mi- 
nifters aforefaid, take any ob- 
ligation in other form by co- 
lour of their offices, that it (hall 
be void ; (9) and that he (hall 
take no more for the making 
of any fuch obligation, war- 
rant, or precept by them to be 
made, but four pence. (10) 
And alfo that every of the faid 
(heriffs (hall make yearly a de- 
puty in the King's courts of 
his chancery, the King's bench, 
the common place, and in the 
exchequer, of record, before 
that they (hall return any writs, 
to receive all manner of writs 
and warrants to be delivered to 
them : (11) And that all (he- 
riffs, under-(heriffs, clerks, 
bailiffs, gaolers, coroners, Rew- 
ards, bailiffs of franchifes, or 
any other officers or minifters, 
which do contrary to this or- 
dinance in any point of the 
fame, (hall lofe to the party in 
this behalf indamaged or griev- 
ed, his treble damages, (12) 
and (hall forfeit the fum of 
xl. li. at every time that they 
or any of them do the contrary 
thereof in any point of the fame; 
whereof the King (hall have the 
one half, to be employed to the 
ufe of his houfe, and in no 
other wife, and the party that 
will fue, the other half. (13) 
And that the juftices of affiles 
in their feffions, juftices of the 
one bench and of the other, 
and juftices of peace in their 
county, (hall have power to 
inquire, hear, and determine of 
office without fpecial commif- 
fion, of and upon all them that 
do contrary to thefe ordinances 
in any article or point of the 
fame. (14) And if the faid 
iheriffs, 



leditbriefe bille on garraunt 
et en tielx lieux come le dk 
briefe bille ou garrant requiert, 
Et (i afcuns de lez ditz vif- 
countz ou autres officers ou 
miniftrez fuifditz preigrteafctm 
obligation en autre fonnne per 
colour de lour offices, qil fort 
voide. Et qil ne preignc phng 

frar la fefaunce daicun del ob- 
igation, garraunt, ou precept, 
per eux deftre fait, forfqu* 
liij. d. Etauxint que chefcune 
de lez ditz vifcountz face an- 
nuelment un depute en lez 
courtz du Roi de fa chaunce- 
rie, bank du Roy, commune 
bank, et lefchequer, de recorde, 
devaunt ceo qils retournent af- 
cuns briefs, de refceiver touts 
maners dez briefs et garrantz 
a eux deftre deliverer. Et qe 
toutz lez vifcountz, fouthvfa- 
countz, clerks, baillifs, gaolers, 
coroners, fencfchallx, baillifit 
dez fraunchifez, ou afcuris au- 
tres officers ou miniftrez, 
queux fount le contrarie c&eft 
ordeignaunce, ou daicun point 
dicelle, perde a la partie en 
ycelle endamage ou ereve Tea . 
treblez damages et forface h 
fomme de xl. li. a chefcune 
temps que eux ou afcun de eux 
fount le contrarie dicdle en af- 
cun point dicelle, dount le Roi 
davoir lune moite, ceo deftre 
emploiez a le ufe de fon hot 
tiel, et en null autre manere, 
et lautre moite a celluy qui ceo 
voet fuer. Et que lez juftices 
dez affifez en lour feffions, juf- 
tices del un bank et del autre, 
et juftices de la peas en lour 
paiis, eient poair denquerer, 
oier et terminer, doffice, faurtz 
efpecial commiflion, de et fur 
toutz iceux, qui ferrount le 
contrarie diceft ordeignaunce 
en chefcune article ou point di- 
celle. Et fi lez ditz. vifcountz. 
retournent, 



*.] Anno vicefimo 

irnent fur afcun perfone 
Corpus, ou Reddidit fe, 
bient chargeablez davoir. 
>rps dez ditz perfonez a 
ours de la retourne dez 

briefs, billez, ou gar- 
ts,en tiel fourme come ils 
it devaunt la fefaunce di- 
lute. Put vcu toutz foitz, 
per ceft prefent ordeig- 
ce le gardeyrt de la gaole 
>y de Flete, et de la pateys 
.01 a Weftminrter, puf le 
s efteant, nfe foic enda- 
tne prejudice en foh duete 
n office. Et aurtint que 
>rdeignaunce coihmehcera 

fed de l>afque que ferra 
n de noftre feignur jefu 
M^CCCC*lvj*. 



tertio Henrici VI. 

iheriffs return upon any per- 
fon, dpi Corpus, or Reddidit fe, 
that they (hall be chargeable 
to have the bodies of the faid 
perfons at the days of the it- 
turns of the faid writs, bills, 
or warrants, in fuch form as 
f hey were before the making of 
this a£t. 

II. Provided always, That 
the warden of the King's gaol 
of the Fleet, and of the Kind's 
palace of Weflminfler for the 
time being, (hall not be enda- 
maged nor prejudiced by this 
ordinance iii the duty of his 
office. And 4lfo that this or- 
dinance (hall begin at the feaft 
of Eafier, which (hall be in the 
yearof ourLordMCCCC xlvi. 



273 

Corpus, Or Rat. 
du&tft. 
Dyer, »s. 



The warden 
of the Fleet 
and of the 
palace of 
Weihninftef 
exempted* • 
4 Co. 76. 
Dyer, 1 19. 



CAP. XI. 

trder if levying the wages if the knights of the 
parliament. 



EM, come devauht ceft 
mps diverfez vifcountz en 
fez counteez Dengleterre 
it per colour des briefs di- 

a eux, pur lever lez ga- 
de lez chivalers de lez 
teez pur le temps efteantz, 
z parlementz du Roy qo- 
et de fez noblez progeni- 
t, ount leve pluis de mo- 

que ad efte due as lez 
chivalers, et pluis qils 
deliverer a eux, gardatintz 
-eignauntz graunde partie 
tt money a lour ufe et pro- 
aAefiie, et lour officers et 
untz,, a trefgraunde da- 
t de la commune poeple* 
ez ditz counteez : le Roi 
derant lez premifiez, ad 
igne per lauctorite fuifdit, 
e vilcounte de chefcune 
ie pur le temps efteant, en 
rofchein counte tenuz en 
counteez apres la delive- 
oe de lez ditz briefs fait a 
Oil. III. eux, 



ITEM, JVhereas before this 
tifne divers jberiffs m dfoets 
counties ^England, by colour of 
Writs to theh directed, to levy the 
wages of the knights ofthejbiret 
for the time beings of the parlia- 
ment of the King that now is, and 
of bis noble progenitors, have levied 
mote money than hath been due t$ 
the faid knights, and mote than 
they have delivered, keeping and 
retaining great part of the money 



to their own ufe and profit,^ to their 
fetva 



officers andfetvahti, to the great 



the 
ng, 



lofs of the common people of 

faid counties: (i) The Kii _ 

confidering the premiffes, hath 

ordained by the authority afore- 

faid, That the (heriff of every P e l ord . ero L 
r « 1 • • the levTins of 

county for the time being, in thc ^iJof 

the next county court holden the knights of 

in their counties, after the de- the (hire for 

livery of the faid writs diredted tbeparib- 

to them, (hall make open pro- mcn ' 

clamation, that thc corpners, 

and every chief conftable of the 

T pcact 



*74 



Anno viccfimo tcrtio^ENRici VI. 



if the (her il 



peace of the faid counties, and 
the bailiffs of every hundred 
or wapentake of the fame coun- 
ty, and all other which will be 
at the affefling of the wages of 
the knights of the (hires, (hall 
be at the next county there to 
be holden to affefs the faid wa- 
ges of the faid knights; (3) 
and that the (herift, under- 



or bis officers, fheriff, coroners, or bailiffs for 



levy more mo 

neythaais 

aflcffcd. 



the time being, be there at the 
fatne time in their proper per- 
fon, upon pain of forfeiture to 
the King, of every of them that 
maketh default, forty (hillings. 

(4) At which time the (aid 
fheriff or under-(heriff, in the 
prefence of them that (hall 
come to the fame, and of the 
fuitors of the fame counties 
then being there, in the full 
county well and duly (hall affefs 
every hundred to that affeffa- 
ble by itfelf, to pay a certain 
fum for the wages of the 
knights of the (hire, fo that the 
whole fum of all the hundreds 
do not exceed the fum which 
(hall be due to the faid knights, 

(5) And after that in the fame 
county, they (hall affefs well 
and lawfully every village with- 
in the faid hundreds, which 
fhould be there affeflable, to a 
certain fum for the payment 
'of the faid wages ; fo that the 
whole fum of all the towns 
within anyof the faidhundreds, 
do not exceed the fum affeffed 
upon the hundred of which 
they be, (6) And that the faid 
(heriffs, under-(heriffs, bailiffs, 
nor any other officer, for the 
caufe afbrefaid, (hall levy more 
money of any village than that 
whereunto tney were aflefled : 
(7) and if any do or will affefs 
any hundred or village other- 
wife than is aforefaid, that they 
(hall forfeit for every default to 

6 tbt 



t*444« 

eux, face overt proclamation, 
que lez coroners, et chefcuiie 
chief conftable de la peas dez 
ditz countees, et lez baillifs de 
chefcun hundred ou wapentak 
de mefme le counte, et toutz aii- 
trez qui voillent eftre aleaflef- 
faunce de lez gag& dez cK- 
valers de lez counteez, foient a 
le profchein countee itloquez a 
tenir, daffeffer lez gagez de lez 
ditz chivalers; et que le vif- 
count, ou fouthvifcount, coro- 
ners, ou baillifs, pur le temps et 
teantz, foient illoquez a xnefine 
le temps en lours propres pcrfo- 
nez, fur la peyn de forfeiture a 
Roi, de chefcune diceux qui 
face defaute xl. s. a quel temps 
le vifcount ou fouthvifcount, 
en prefence diceux qui a ceDe 
temps viendront, et de lez fui- 
tours dez ditz couitteez adon- 
qes edeantz la, en le plejn 
counte bien et duemcnt ccjfa 
chefcune hundred a ceo a(le&- 
ble per luy mefme a un certayn 
fomme, de paier pur lez gagei % 
dez ditz chivalers de lez coun- 
tecz ? iffint que lentier fomme 
dez toutz lez hundredez nex- 
cede la fomme que ferra dewe 
a lez ditz chivalers : et aprcs 
ceo en mefme le counte afleile 
bien et duement chefcune vil- 
lage deinz lez ditz hundredezi 
ceo affeffable, a un certayn 
fomme pur le paiement de kz 
ditz gagez, iffint que lender 
fomme dez toutz lez villei 
deinz afcun de lez ditz hun- 
dredez nexcede la fomme afleile 
fur le hundrede de quell eux 
fount. Et que lez ditz vif- 
countz, fouthvifcountz, bail* 
lifs, ne null autres officers pur 
la caufe fuifdit leva pluis de 
money de nulle village^ que 
ceo a que ils fiirent afleflez, et 
en manere et fourme come ils 
fount affeffcz. Etfiafcun^facc 

04 



\J} Artnb VteRmo tettto HfeNRici Vf . 



*ft 



)ille affefler afcun hundred 

illage autrement que eft 

atdit ; qils forfacent pur 

un defaut a Roy xx. li. et 

efcune homme,'qui voet 

m ceft cas x. li. Et que 

itz vifcountz bien & due- 
feVeht la money iflint 

m fur lez ditz villagez* 

laftifrhfcht come ils poient 

atentaptesledit afleuance, 

£1$ deliverers as lez ditz 

lei's, accordant a lez brie- 

t ceo deftre faitz, fur lez 

►eynez j et celluy qui voet 

:fi ceft cas foit admys a 

rt eit put- fa action eh ceft 

i fcire facias efcvers celluy 

ffende encountre ceft or- 

auhce. Et fi 1c defen- 

iuement garniz en ycelle 

efaulte, ou autrement ap- 

5 et foit en ycelle convidt ; 

donques lez pleintifs re- 
Bit envers eux qui ifllnt 

onvidz x. li. a lout pro- 

fe ouftre lez ditz xx. li. 

>ur damages pur lez cbf- 

de lour fuitz a le treble. 

e lez juftices de le bank le 

iftices de commune bank, 

$ daffifez et gaole deli- 
st juftices de la peas en 

3aiis, eient, poiar tlen- 

ir, oier et terminer, dez 

fez ditz defaultz, fibien 

iquerre a la fuite du Roi, 

per aftion a la fuite de _ 

. Et qe toutz tielxex- that all fuchexpehoes of knights wage* (tail b* 

* dez chivalers ne foient (hall not be levied of *ny other levied only in 

dafcunfc autres villagez, villages, feigniories, or places, **■« **uftom- 

but of fuch thereof it hath cdplacc *- 
been levied before this time. 

IV. And that in every fuch 
writ from henceforth to be 
made to levy the wages of the 
faid knights, this act (hall be 35 M. s.c. it* 
comprehended in the lame. 



the King twenty* pounds, and 
to any man which will fue in 
this cafe, ten pounds. 

II. And that the Grid (heriffs Who may 
well and duly (hall leVy the P*? fe 2« te °» 

laid villages, as lpeedily as they 
wdiinayafafrthe&idal&fltog, . : 

andthe fame IhaH deliver to the 
faid knights, according to the 
writs thereof to be made, upon- - 
the faid penalties $ (2) and he 
that will fue in this cafe, (hall 
be thereunto admitted, and 
(hall have for his a&ion ih this 
cafe a Scin facias againft him 
that oflfendeth contrary to this 
ordinance ; (3) and if the de- The penalty 
fondant, duly warned in the on oftendert, 
fame, make default, or elfe ap- 
pear, and be in the fame con-' 
vi£t, that then the plaintiffs 
(hall recover againft them which 
be fo convi<5t, ten pounds to 
their own ufe, over the faid 
twenty pounds, with their tre- 
ble damages for the cofts of 
their ifuits. 

III. And the juftices tff the Who may in- 
King's bench, and of the com- W 1 * of » j«** 
mon pleas v jufticcs rfrfgb, "gBjf*. 
and gaol-delivery, and juftices atorefaid. 
of peace in their country, (hall 
have power to inquire, hear, 
and determine bf all the faid de- 
faults as toell by inquiry at the 
Ring's fuit, as by a&ion at the 
fuit of the jpatties 



I*), "a** 1 The knights 
of knights waeet (ball In 



dries, ou Heux,-fbiique 
ielx come ils ount efte 
tnt levez uevaunt ceft 
, et que eh chefenne rid 
defore affaire pur lever 
jtz de± chivalers foit ceft 
ttprebenduz. 



T> 



CAP. 



/ 



i 7 * 



Anno viccfimo tcrtio Henrici VI. [1444 



foreign plea. 



CAP. XII. 

The trial Jhall be made when the tenant or defendant* after 
an ijfue joined, plead* tb a foreign plea* where the fame 
writ is brought* and by the jury fo returned* To endure 
to the next parliament. 
Bx edit. Raft. TTEM, The King hath ordained and eftabliftied by the au- 
JL thority aforefaid, That if any perfon or perfons tenants or 
defendants in any adtion real or perfonal, after that they be 
pleaded to an iflue in any fuit or aAion, and the iflue joined and 
entered of record, and a Venire facias of the jury returned, that 
if they or any of them after at another day in court plead any 
foreign plea, triable in any other court than where the writ is 
brought or the fuit taken, and the demandants or plaintiffs in 
fuch foreign pleas plead to the iflue, that fuch iflue in fuch 
foreign plea (hall be tried where the writ is brought in fuch fuit 
taken, and by the fame jury fo returned. And that this a£t and 
ordinance (hall begin at the feaft of Eqfter, which (hall be in die 
year of our Lord 1446, and (hall endure till the next parlia- 
ment. 

CAP. XIII. 

A fervant in husbandry purfofing to depart from bis mafter 
muft give him half a years warning* or elfe be Jhall ferve 
him the year following. The fever al wages offervants 
in husbandry* and of labourers* with meat and drink* and 
without. 

ITEM, The King hath ordained by the authority aforcbid, 
That every fervant of husbandry, purpofing to depart from 
his mafter at the end of his term, at the midft of his term or 
otherwife, make covenant before with another man to fervehim 
for the next year, if he be in fuch cafe as the law will compel 
him to ferve, and that the faid fervant and he, which fo (hall 
make covenant with him at the midft of the faid term or before, 
(hall give warning to the mafter of the faid fervant of the (aid 
covenant fo newly made, fo that the fame mafter may provide 
another fervant againft the end of his term. And if any cove- 
nant with any fuch fervant be otherwife made, or that fbch 
warning in manner and form aforefaid be not had, that the lame 
covenant (hall be void, and that the fame fervant be compelled 
to ferve his firft mafter for the next year, except that a lawful 
caufe being of a later time require the contrary. And alfo that 
the falaries and wages of fervants, labourers and artificers, (hall 
hot exceed the afleffing, that followeth, that is to fay, the wage* 
of 2, bailiff of husbandry by year xxiii. s. iiii d, and clothing 
price of five (hillings with meat and drink, of a chief hind, a 
carter or chief (hepherd xx. s. and clothing price of iiii: s.fnth 
meat and drink, a common fervant of husbandry xv. s. and 
clothing price xl d, a vogum fervant ten (hillings, and cloth- 
ing 



Servants of 
husbandry. 



Covenant. 



Wages. 



1444 J Anno vkefimo terdo Hekricj VI c 277 

kig price of iiii. s. with meat and drink, an infant within the 
age of fourteen vears vi. s. and clothing price of iii. s. with meat 
and drink. Tne fame form (hall be obferved of wages of fer- 
vants being with hoftlers, viftualers, and artificers in city, 
borough and elfewhere. And that fuch as defcrve lefs (hall 
take lefs. And alfo in places where lefs is ufed to be given, 
lefs (hall be given from henceforth. And that from the feaft of 
£a/ler 9 till the feaft of Saint Michael* the wages of any free, ma- 
fon or matter carpenter (hall not exceed iiii. d. by the day, with 
meat and drink; and without meat and drink v. d, ob. a matter 
tiler or a (later, a rough mafon and mefne carpenter and other 
artificers concerning building, by the day three pence with meat 
and drink, and without meat and drink iiii. d. ob. and every 
other labourer by the day ii. d. with meat and drink, and with- 
out meat and drink iiii. d, ob. And that from the feaft of Saint 
Aftcbatl till the feaft of Eojler, a free mafon and a matter car- 
penter by the day iii. d. with meat and drink, and without meat 
and drink, iiii. d. ob. tiler, mefhe carpenter, rough mafon, and 
other artificers aforefaid by the day ii. d, ob. with meat and 
drink, and without meat and drink iiii. d. And every other ar- Harveft, 
tificer and labourer by the day i. d. ob. with meat and drink, 
and without meat and drink iii. d. and he that deferveth lefs 
(hall take lefs. Provided that the faid aflefling (hall not extend 
to labourers in the time of harveft, in which time the wages of 
a mower (hall not exceed iiii. d. by the day with meat and drink, 
and' without meat and drink vi. d. a reaper or carter iii/d. by 
the day with meat and drink, and without meat and drink, v.d. 
a woman labourer and other labourers in time of harveft ii. d. by 
the day with meat and drink, and without meat and drink iiii .a. 
ob. and fuch as be worthy of lefs (hall take lefs. And in places 
where left is ufed to be taken, left (hall be taken from hence- 
forth. And that no artificer workman nor labourer (hall take 
any thing for the holy day nor for the ferial day, but after the 
rate of the time of the day in which he laboured. And if any 
perfon refiifc to fervc or labour according to the premifles, that j u fH C ci of 
every juftice of peace in their counties (hall have power at every peace, 
time to call them to examination of the fame and fuch as they 
(ball find defective, to commit to jhe gaol, there to remain tilt 
they have found fufficient furety to ferve and labour in form by 
the] law required. And if any fervant, artificer, workman, or 
labourer, do contrary to the premifles, or deny his fervice, oc- 
cupation or labour by reafon of hot giving of (alary or wages, 
contrary to thefe ftatutes, that he (hall lofe to the party that 
will fue in his behalf xx. s. And that the (aid juftices of peace 
(hall have power to hear and determine all manner of offences - 
done contrary to the form of this tlatute as well at the King's 
fuit as at the parties, and that every of the King's liege people 
may have the fuit againft every perfon that (hall offend in any 
point againft this ftatute, and the procefs (hall be by attachment, 
Capiat, and Bxigtnd. Alfo that the juftices of peace (hall aflefs 
no fine upon any which (hall be convift before them of a thing 

T 3 dom 



2j9 Anno vicefimo tertio Henrici VIZ T*444; 

done contrary to any ftatute of labourers or artificers, or for this 
caufe put him in the good grace of our fovereign lord the King 
under iii.s. iiii. d P And alfo that the juftices a? peace through 
ihe realm two times every year (hall do openly to be proclaimed 
in their fcflions all the ftatutes of labourers, artificers, hoftlers, 
vi&ualers, fervants, and vagabonds before this time made and 
not revoked with this ftatute. • Alfo that by colour of the tenor 
of lefs lands than the husbandry of the fame (hall fuffice to the 
continual occupation of one man, no man (hall be excufed to 
to ferve by the year, upon the pain to be juftified as a vagabond. 
Alfo that juftices of peace (hall have ppwer to take all fervants 
retained with any pcrfon by colour, of husbandry, and not duly 
occupied about the fame which fervants ought by the law to be 
fervants of husbandry, and to compel them to ferve in the oc- 
cupation of husbandry to fuch as (hall require their fervice,andtc* 
juftify them in every point as the fame juftices have power ta 
juftify vagabonds. And that this ftatute (hall begin to be of 
Repealed by & rce anc * executory in the feaft of Saint Michael which .(hall be 
5 Eliz. c. +. in the year of our Lord one thoufand four hundred and forty fix, 
and in no wife before. 

CAP. XIV. 

The penalty of a fubjcEFs taker % taking any thing without tU 
owners confent. 
The penalty T^EM; The King hath ordained and ftabliflied by the auth*. 
if afubjeft^ •*■ Tlt Y aforefaid, that if any buyer or other ofiicer of the duke 
cator,orother of Gkucejler> or of any other lord or perfon, of what eftate, de- 
do take any gree or condition that he be, prefume upon him to take, or eHe 
the^nen c *° ta ^ e an ^ vi ^ ua ' 8 » corn > hay, carriages, or any other thine 
will. whatfoever, of any of the King s liege people in any wife agaiflft 

their will, without lawful bargain betwixt the faid buyers or 
officers, and the faid liege people thereof to be made, to the ufe 
of the faid duke or other lord for their houfes, but only for the 
King and the Queen, and their houfes, that then if notice or rc- 
queft be made to the mayor, (herifF, bailiff, conftable, officers, of 
other of the King's minifters of cities and boroughs, or other 
counties or places where fuch takings (hall happen to be, that 
then the faid mayor, (heriflf, conftable, officer and minifter, to 
whom fuch notice and requeft (hall be made, presently (hall take 
and arreft all fiich buyers and officers fo doing or offending, and 
them (hall fend to the King's next prifon, thereto ren\ain, and 
not to be let to bail nor mainprife, until they have redelivered 
the fame viduals, carriages, and other things fo taken, or tht 
Theforfei- very value of tbe fame, (2) And if the faid mayor, (herifis, 
ture of officers bailiffs, conftables and officers, aforefaid, do contrary to this, 
a*<?ft the n0t that thcn the y ftaI1 forfeit twentv pounds,whereof the King flnB 
prefled Ui^his ** ave thc one ha ^> ^ * c P art Y ^ otn VJ ^ oai fa** things be 
cafe. taken, the other half, if he will fue by an acftion of debt, in the 

which the defendant (hall not wage his law : (3) And if he will 
not fue, whofoever will fue for the King and himfclf, (hall h*ve 
.the iuk to recover to bimfelf the one half thereof, and the King 
the other half. (4) And if any of the laid buyers, other than 

of 



r .] Anno vicefimo terrio Henrici VI. 



279 



5 King and the Queen be duly convict of fucji unlawful 
g (as afore is recited) at the fuit of Tach parties as (hall fue 
in this behalf, that then they (hall yield to the party which 
*h, the treble value of the victuals, or other thing fo ta- 
and the double cods of their fuits, and for the faid trefpafs 
ike fine and ranfom to the Kin?. (5) And that in all luch 
ns or fuits aforefaid, the King's protection (hall not be al- 
1 nor available for the defendant. (6) And this ordinance 
begin to take effect at the feaft of Eqfltr, which (hall be 
e year of our Lord one thoufand four hundred and forty 
(7) Provided always, that by this a A the punifhment or- 
d againft the King's purveyors in no wUe (hall bt re- 3* Ed. 3- «• $# 
ed. 7 •* c * *• 

CAP. XV, 

fiatt he knights for the parliament. The manner of 
eir election* The remedy where one is cbofen and another 
turned. 



EM come per au&orite 
an parlement tenuz a 
:m' Ian du rcigne de le 
inorable pier du Roi qo- 
irimer, cntre autres cho- 
rdeigne fuift, que lez cite- 
et burgeifez dez citeez et 
is venauntz au parlement 
ent eflieux hommez cite- 
et burgeifez refceauntz 
irrauntz et enfraunchifez 
efmez lez citeez et burghs, 
U autres ; come en meftne 
ut pluis pleynement eft 
lignuz: lez queux cite- 
burgeifez et nulle autres 
tout temps en citeez et 
is eftez eflieux, et as vif- 
tz dez counteez retournez, 
lour retournez refceux et 
tez per lez parlementz 
mt cez hoeurez tenuz : et 



ITEM, TVhereas by authority 
of a parliament holden at * **; 5- c. i« 
Weftminfter the firjl year of the * 8 ~- 2m 
reign of King Henry, father ft Vlnft. 10. 
the King that now ;V, amongji 
other things it was ordained^ That 
the citizens and burgeffes of cities 
and boroughs^ coming to the par- 
liament^ Jbould be chofen men citi- 
.zens and burgeffes rejident, abid- 
ing 9 and free in the fame cities 
and boroughs* and none other * as- 
in the fame flatute more fully is 
contained ; (2) which citizens and 7 Hg + . c# , 5# 
burgeffes have always in cities and 
boroughs been chofen by citizens 
and burgeffes y and no other , and 
to thejheriffofthe counties return- 
ed 9 and upon their returns received 
and accepted by the parliaments 
before this holden. (3) Andalfo* 



w -*-» 8H.6. c. 7» 

whereas by authority of a parlia- 

it come per auclorite dun ment holden at Weftmipfter, the 
ment tenuz a Weftm* Ian eighth year of the reign of the King 

that now /j, it was ordained in 
what manner and form the knights 
of the /hires coming to the parlia^ 



:igne le Roi qoreft oeptif- 
ordeigne fuift, en quell 
tre et fourme lez chivalers 
counteez a venir as parle- 
:z enapres teniers ferrount 
ix, et comment lez vif- 
tz dez mefme lez countez 
jo ferroient lour retournez; 

come 



ment s from thenceforth to be hol- 
den Jhould be chofen ', and how the 
Jheriffs of the fame counties there- 
upon Jhould make their returns* as 
in the fame flatute more fully ap* 
T4 pearethi 



turning of 

' linjghts, &c. 

to ferve in 

parliament. 



*8o 

The federal peareth ; (4) bi force of which 
^^ 8 .°* ftqtute ekclions of knights to come 
in re- t9 fo e p ar n dments f ome times have 

been duly made, and lawfully re- 
turned, until now of late, that 
divers Jheriffs of the counties of the 
realm of Ehgfand, for their jin- 
gular avail end lucre, have not 
made due elections of the knight s^ 
nor in convenient time, nor good 
men and true returned, andjome- 
time no return of the knights, ci- 
tizens, and burgeffes lawfully cho- 
fen to come to the parliaments \ 
(5) hut fuch knights, citizens, 
and burgeffes have been returned, 
which %vere never duly chofen, and 
ether citizens and burgeffes than 
tfwfe which by the mayors and 
bailiffs were to the laid Jheriffs 
returned-, (6) aqd Jometimes the 
Jheriffs have not returned the 
writs which thfy bad to make 
election of knights to come to the 
parliaments, but t he Jaid writs hope 
imbezzelcd, and moreover made 
no precept to the mayor and bailiff, 
or to the bailiffs or bailiff tubere 
po mavor is, ofci(ies and boroughs, 
for the elediQn of citizens arid 
burgeffes, to come to the parlia- 
ment, by the colour ofthefe words 
contained ifi the fame writs-, 
[Quod in pleno comitatu tuo 
digi facias pro comitate tuo 
duos milites, et pro qualibet 
tivitate iji comitatt} njoduqs 
cives, ct pro quQlibet bureo in 
comitatu tuo duos burgenfes ;] 
(7) and alfo becaufe fufficient pe- 
nalty andconveqiept remedy for the 
party in fuch cafe grieved is pot 
ordained in thejaidjiatute; again ft 
fhe Jheriff, mayors, and bailiffs, 
which do contrary to the form of 
thefqidftatutes: (8) The King 
. confidering the premises hath 
ordajned by authority afore- 
That the faid ftatutes 
/hall be duly kept in all points; 
and moreover that every 
fticriff, 



Anno vicefimo tertio Henrici VI. [1444. 



The ftatutes 
of 1 H. 5. c. 1 
7 H.<l. c.15. 
& S H. 6. c 7. i- - j 
fonfirmed. •-> 



f*> 



come en mefme leftatut pluis 
pleynement appiert : per force 
de quele eftatut elections de$ 
chivalers a venir a parlement 
afcun foit$ ount eftez duement 
faitz et loialment retournez, 
tanqe a or? tarde, que diverjez 
vifcountz d$z counteez du 
rojalme dEnglctcrre pur lour 
fingulcr availje et lucre ne ount 
faitz due eledtions dez chiva- 
lers, ne en temps covenable, 
ne bons et verroiez retournez, 
et afcun foitz null retournez 
dez chivalers citizeins et bur- 
geifez loialment efluz pur ve- 
nir as parlementz ; mez ount 
retournez tielx chivalers citi- 
zeins et burgeifez, que ne fu* 
rent unquez duement eflieux, 
et autres citezeins et burgei- 
fez, que ceux que per mairs et 
taillirs as ditz vifcountz furent 
retournez : Et afcun foitz lez 
vifcoijnt? ne ount retourpe le* 
briefs qils avqient pqr fair? 
elections dez chivalers a venir 
as parlementz, einz lez dit$ 
briefs ount embefillez, et ouftre 
nullf precept as mair et bail- 
lifs, pu as baillifs ou baillif ou 
mair neft, d$z citees et burghs 
pur ele&iori? (lez citezeins et 
burgeife^ de vejiir sis parle- 
mentz fir^qt, per colour de 
ceftz parol* contenuz en lez 
ditz briefs, quojl ir* pleno comi- 
tatu tuo eligi facias pro comitatu 
tuo duos .milites et pro qualibet 
civitate in comitatu tuo duos 
cives et pro quolibet burgo ii\ 
^omitatu tuo duos burgenfes: et 
auxint pur ceo que fufficearjt 
peyi\e et covenable remediepur 
la partie &\ tiel cas greve ne 
fount pas ordeignez en lez ditz 
eftatutz vers lez vifcountz et 
mairs et baillifs qui facent en- 
countre la fourme dez ditz ef- 
tatutz : le Roi confiderant le^ 
premiflez, ad ordeigne per auc-. 
thrift 



Anno viccfimo tcrtio Henrici VI. 



torite fuifdit, que lcz ditz efta- 
tutz foient duement gardez et 
obfervez en toutz pointz. Et 
ouftre ceo, que chefcune vif- 
count apresla livere de chefcune 
tiel briefealuyfait, ferraet de- 
Jivera fauntz fraucje un fuffi- 
ceant precept defouth fon feal a 
chefcune mair et baillif, ou as 
baillifs ou baillif ou mair neft, 
deinz citeez et burghsjdeinz fon 
countee, recitant le dit briefe, 
eux commandant per mefme le 
precept, deflier, fi (bit citee, per 
citezeins de mefme la citee deux 
citezeins, et en mefme la four* 
me fi foit burg, burgeifez, de 
venir alparleirtent. Etquemef- 
jnez lez mair et baillifs, ou 
baillif ou mair neft, dez citeez 
et burghs retournent loialmerit 
le dit precept a mefme Je vif- 
count per endenturez entrc 
fnefme le vifcount et eux affaire, 
de lez ditz elections, et dez 
nouns dez ditz citezeins et bur- 
geifez iflint per eux eflutz. Et 
fur ceo que chefcune vifcount 
face bone et droit retourne de 
chefcune ti$l briefe, e;t de chef- 
cune retourne per jpair et baiJ-< 
lifs, ou baillif ou mair n?ft, a 
juy fait. Et que chefcune vif- 
count, a chefcune foitz qui i) 
face le contrarie dicefi eftatut 
ou dafcun autre eftatut pur elec- 
tion dez chivajers citezeins et 
burgeifez de venij* al parlement 
devaunt cez hoeurez, fait, en- 
courge la peyne contenu en le 
dit eftatut rait le dit an oeptifme. 
Et ouftre ceo forface et paie a 
chefcune perfone cnapres eflieu 
chivaler citezein ou burgeis en 
fon counte de venir a afcun par- 
lement, et nemye(pir luy due- 
ment retourne, ou a afcun 
autre perfone que ei> defaute 
de tiel chivaler, citezein, ou 
burgeis, fuer le voet C li. dont 
(helcun chivaler, citezein, et 
burgeis 



2*1 



fheriff, after the delivery of 
any fuch writ to him made, 
(hall make and deliver without 
fraud a fufficient precept under 
his feal to every mayor and 
bailiff, or to bailiffs or bailiff 
where no mayor is, of the 
cities and boroughs within hit 
county, reciting the faid writ, 
commanding them by the fame 
precept, if it be a city, to 
choole by citizens of the fame 
city, citizens, and in the fame 
manner and form, if it Be a 
borough, by the burgefles of 
the fame, to come to the par- 
liament. (10) And that the 
fame mayor and bailiffs, or 
bailiffs or bailiff where no 
mayor is, (hall i^turn lawfully 
the precept to the fame (heriffs, 
by indentures betwixt the fame 
(heriffs and ahem to be made 
q{ the faid elections, and of 
the names of the faid citizens 
and burgefles by them fo cho- 
fen, and thereupon every (he- 
riff (hall make a good and right- 
ful return of every fiich writ, 
and of every return by the 
mayors and bailiffs, or bailiffs 
or bailiff where no mayor is, 
to him made. ( 1 1 ) And that 
every (heriff at every time that 
he doth contrary tortus ftatute, 
or any other ftatutes for the 
ejection of knights, citizens, 
and burgefles to come to the 
parliament before this time 
made, (hall incur the pain con 
tained in the (aid ftatute made 
the faid eighth year, and more- 
over (half forfeit and pay to 
every perfon hereafter chofen 
knight, citizen, or byirgefs in 
his county, to come to any 



Tbe (beriftfl 
(hall fend out 
precepts to 
the majors 
and bailiff* of 
cities and bo? 
roughs, to 
eket citizens 
and buryeflei 
to ferve in 
parliament. 



The penalty 
on a (heriff 
making an 
untrue leiurd 
of a member 
of parliament. 
si IL4.C i» 
Garth. 13a. 
1 Shower, 



Hob. 78. 

» Lev. ii4« 

3 Lev. 30. 

1 Lut. 60. 
, 5 Mod. 311^ 

a Vent. 37. 
! Fair. it. 

~ C.IL. ™ 



parliament, and not duly re- 
turned, or to any other perfon, 
which in default of fuch knight, 
•itizen, or burgefs will fue, an 
hundred pounds, whereof every 
knight* 



a Salk. 50a* 
Carth. 13W 



tpz 



Anno viccfimo tertiQ Henrici VI. [-*444* 



knight» citizen, and burgefs 
fo grieved, feverally, or any 
other perfon which in their 
default will fue, (hall have his 
atfion of debt againft the faid . 
fheriff or his executors or ad- 
miriiftrators, to demand and 
have the faid hundred pounds, 
with his cods fpent in that 
qtfe. (12) And that in fuch 
action taken by virtue of this 
(tatute, the defendant (hall not 
wage his law of the demand a- 
foreftid in any wife, (13) and 
that no defendant in fuch ac- 
tion (hall have any eflbin. (14) 
The penalty And in the fame manner at 
?^.«.!S ay0 u 0r every time that any mayor and 

^»-!SL baiIiffs > or baili * s or kMff 
ing an undue ■ • * / - „ 

rjeSirn. where no mayor is, (hall re- 

4 N?qoV 1*9. turn other than thofe which 
be chofen by the citizens and 
burgeffes of the cities or bo- 
roughs where fuch elections be 
or (hall be made, (hall incur 
and forfeit to the King forty 
pounds; and moreover (hall 
forfeit and pay to every perfon 
hereafter cholen citizen or bur- 
gefs to come to the parlia- 
ment, and not by the fame 
mayor and bailiff, or bailiffs 
or oailiff where no mayor is, 
returned, or to any other per- 
fon which in default of fuch ci- 
r tizen or burgefs fo chofen will 

fue ? forty pounds, whereof e- 
yery of the citizens and bur- 
geffes fo grieved feverally, or 
any other perfon which in their 
default will fue, (hall have his 
adtion of debt againft every of 
the faid mayor and bailiffs, or 
bailiffs or bailliff where no 
mayor is, againft their execu- 
tors or adminiftrators, to de- 
mand and have of every the 
faid mayors and bailiffs, or 
bailiffs or bailiff where hq 
inayor is, forty pounds, with . 
Jus cofts in this cafe expended ; 
(15) and 



burgeis iflint grevefeveralinent, 
ou afcun autj-e perfone qui en 
lour defaulte fuer voet, cit fa 
adion de dette envers le dit 
vifcount, ou fez executours ou 
adminiftratours, a demaunder 
& aver lez ditz Cli. ove fez 
coftagez en ceft cas defpenduz, 
Et que en tiel a&ion pris per 
vertue diced eftatut le defcn- 
daunt ne gagera fa ley de la de* 
maunde fuifdit en null manere. 
Et que nulle defendaunt en tiel 
aftion avera afcun eflbyn. Et 
en mefine le manere a chefcune 
fbitz que afcune mair & bail- 
liffs, ou baillifs ou baillif ou 
mair neft, retournent ou re- 
tourne autres que ceux qui 
font efluz per lez citezeins & 
bur^eifez dez citeez & burghs, 
ou tielx elections font ou fer- 
ront fakz, encourge & fqrfaco 
a Roi xl. li, & enouftre forfacq 
& paie a chefcune perfone en 
apres eflieu citezein ou burgeisf 
a venir a] parlement, & nemye 
per mefmez lez mair & baillifs, 
ou baillifs ou baillif ou mair 
neft, retourne, ou autre per- 
fone qui en defaulte de tiel ci- 
tezein ou burgeis iflint eflieu 
fuer voet, xl. li. dont chefcune 
des citezeins & burgeyfez iflint 
greye feveralment, ou afcun 
autre perfone qui en lour de- 
fame fuer voet, ait (a adtion do 
dette envers chefcune des ditz 
mair & bailliffs, ou baillifs ou 
baillif ou mair neft, & envers 
lour executours ou adminiftra- 
tours, a demander & aver de 
chefcune dez ditz mair & bail- 
lifs, ou baillifs ou baillif ou 
mair neft, xl, li. ove fez cof- 
tagez en ceft cas expenduz ; & 
que en tiel a&ion de dette pris 
per force diced eftatut null de- 
fendaunt gagera fa ley de la dit 
demaunde en null manere n# 
avera tfqun sflouu 

Ft 



\. ' Anpp yiccfimo tertio Henrici VI. 

que chefcune vifcount. 

rp face due ele&ion dez 

^rs pyr venir al parje- 

: er> temps covepable, fci- 

chefcune vifcount en fon 

I counts per entre le houre 

ije & le hoeure de xje de- 

t le none, fdunz cpllufion 

& partie, & chefcune vif- 

t qui ne face bon & ver- 

etourne de* tielx elections 

hivalers de venir al parle- 

:en temps a venir, come a 

appartient, en manere & 

ne fuifditz, forface envers 

oi C. li. & encburge la 

e de C. li. a paier a celluy 

roet fuer envers luy, fez 

itours ou adminiftratours, 

ceft caufe, per voie dac- 

de dette, ove fez coftagez 

die partie expenduz fans 

* de ley de celle demaunde 

ver eflbin, come devaunt 

I. 

irveu toutz foitz, que chef- 

:hivaler, citezein, & bur- 
pur venir a afcun parle- 

: en temps aveigner a te- 
en due fourme efleu, ic 

. pas retourne come defuis 

t, commence fa action de 
fuifdit deinz trois mois 
mefme le parlement com- 
ic, a proceder en la dit 

effectuelment, faunz frau- 

8c fi iflint ne face, eit un 
qui fuer le voet le dit ac- 

de dette, come devaunt 

it, de aver & reepverer 

le la fomme, ove fez cof- 

. en ceft partie difpenduz, 

anere & fourme av^unt- 

iflint que null defendaunt 

d action gagera fa ley, ne 

(loin en null manere, come 

5 eft dit. Et fi afcune chi- 

, citezein ou burgeis, en 

s aveignir retourne per le 

jnt de venir al parlement 

manere fuifdit, aprestiel 
re- 



(15) and that in fuch action 
of debt, taken by force of this 
ftatute, no defendant in any 
wife (hall wage his law of the 
(aid demand, nor have any 
eflbin. 

II. And that every (heriff 
that maketh no due election of 
knights to come to the parlia- 
ment in convenient time, that 
is to fay, every {heriff in his 
fiill county, betwixt the hour 
of eight and the hour of ele- 
ven before noon, without col- 
lufion in this behalf; (2) and 
that every (heriff that maketh 
not good and true return of 
fuch elections of knights to 
come to the parliament in time 
to come, as to them pertain- 
eth, in manner and torm a- 
forefaid ; (hall forfeit to the 
King an hundred pounds, 
and alfo (hall incur the paid 
of an hundred pounds, to 
be paid to him that will 
(ue againft him, his execu- 
tors or adminiftrators, for 
this caufe by way of action of 
debt, with his cofts in this 
behalf expended, without wa- 
ging of law of his demand, 
or having eflbin as afore is 
faid. 

III. Provided always, That 
every knight, citizen, and bur- 
gefs to come to any parliament 
hereafter to be holden, in due 
form chofen and not returned 
as afore is faid, (hail begin his 
action of debt aforefaid within 
three months after the fame 
parliament commenced, to pro* 
peed in the fame fuit effectual- 
ly without fraud ; (2) and if 
he fo do not, another that will 
fue (hall have the faid action 
of debt (as it is before faid) 
and (hall recover the fame furo 
with his Cofts fpent in this be-? 
fcalf, in manner and form a-r 

fore- 



283 



At what time 
of the day the 
knights for 
the (hire thai! 
bechofea* 



Suits to be 
commenced 
within three 
months after 
the parlia- 
ment begun. 



a*4 Anno vicefimo terrio Henrici VL ' [*444»" 

forefaid, fo that no defendant retourne per afcun,perfone (bit 



Thejfenalty 
if any chd- 
fen to be 
knight, citi- 
aea, orbur- 
gets, be pot 
eat, and ano- 
ther pot in 
displace. 



in fuch a&ion (hall wage his 
law, nor be eflbined in any 
wife* as afore is (aid. (3) And 



oufte, & un autre mys en fon 
lieu ; que tiel perfone iffint mys 
en le lieu ceftuy qui eft oufte, 



ceis. 
flier 



if any knight, citizen, or bur- fit accepte fur luy deftre chiva 
— r ~ hereafter returned by the ler, citezein, ou burgeis a af. 

cunparlcitient en temps avenir, 
forface devers le Roy C.li. & 
C. li. al chivaler, citezein, ou 
burgefs, iffint retourne per le 
vifcount, & apres come de- 
vaunt eft dit oufte. £t que ceft 
chivaler, citezein, ou burgeis, 
mi eft iffint oufte, avera aoion 



eriff to come to the parlia- 
ment in the manner aforefaid, 
after fuch return, be by any 
perfon put out, and another 

irat in his place, that fuch per- 
on fo put in the place of him 
which is out, if he take upon 
him to be knight, citizen, or 
burgefs, at any parliament in 
time to come, (nail forfeit to 
the King an hundred pounds, 
and an hundred pounds to the 
knight, citizen, or burgefs fo 
returned by the (herHt, and 
after, as afore is did, put out. 
(4) And that the knight, citi- 
zen, or burgefs which is fo 



aui 

de dette dez mefmez C li. vers 
tiel perfone iffint mys en fon 
lieu, fez executours ou admi- 
niftratours. Purveu toutz fbitz, 
que il commence fa fuite deinz 
troismoys apres le parlement 
commence; & fi il ne face, 
que celluy qui voet fuer avera 
altion de dette dez mefmez 



put out (hall have an a&ion of lez C. li. envers ceftuy qui eft 
debt of the fame C li. againft mys en le lieu ceftuy qui eft if* 



What fort of 
perfont (hall 
be chofen 
knights of the 
(hire*. 



flich perfon put in his place, 
his executors, or adminiftra- 
tors; (5) provided always, 
That he (hall begin his iuit 
within three months after the 
parliament commenced ; (6) 
and if he do not, then he tnat 
will fue (hall have an adion of 
debt of the fameCli. againft 
him which is put in place of 
him that is fo put out after 
foch return, his executors, or 
adminiftrators, and that no de- 
fendant in fuch adlion (hall 
wage his law nor be eflbined ; 
(7) and that fuch procefs (hall 
be in the a&ions aforefaid, as 
in a writ oftrefpafs doneagainfy 
the peace at the common 
law ; (8) fo that the knights 
of the (hires for the parlia- 
ment hereafter to be chofen, 



fint apres tiel retourne oufte, 
fez executours ou adminiftra- 
tours. Et que null defen- 
daunt en tiel altion gagera fa 
fey, ne foit eflbin, & que autiel 
procefle foit en les actions a- 
vauntditz, come eft en briefe 
de trefpas fait encountre la 
peas de la commune ley. If- 
fint que lez chivalers dez coun- 
teez pur le parlement enapres 
a efliers foient notablez chiva- 
lers dez mefmez lez countcez, 
pur lez queux ils ferront iffint 
efluz, ou autrement belz nota- 
blez efquiers, gentils homines 
del nativitee, dez mefinezkz 
couateez, come foient able* 
deftre chivalers, et null homme 
deftre tiel chivaler aui eftoife 
en la degree de vadlet & de- 
fouth. 



(hall be notable knights of the 
fame counties for the which they (hall be chofen, or other- 
wife fuch notable efquires, gentlemen of the fame coun- 
ties, as (hall be able to be knights * (9) and no man td 

be 



t<l Anno viccfimo tertio Henrici VI. 

jch knight which ftandeth in the degree of a yeoman, 
under* 

CAP. XVI. 
duty of a ganger, and when he Jball have his gauge 
. penny* 

EM le Roi ad ordeigne TTEM, the King kith or- 

X dained and eftablifhed by 



285 



it purveu per lau&orite 
it, que le denier que eft 
lie le gauge peny ne foit 

a le gaugeour, ne a af- 
autre en ion noune tanqe 

fon deputee eit gauge lez 
1, & adonques luy de pren- 
k refceiver fon denier pur 

en gree, faunz pluis en- 
; ou avauntage pur ceo 
ner. Et auxint qil foit 
, ou fon deputee, de faire 
:e. de gaugeour en toutz 
:, quant il a ceo per la par- 
Dit requis; & ceo deftre 
•vez per mye tout le joi- 
: du Roi, fur la peyne 
wife en leftatut fait Ian 
j, du Roy Edward le tierce, 
mgier dez vinez rouge & 
:, duement eftre execut. 



the authority aforefaid, That 
the penny, which is called the 
gauge penny, (hall not be paid 
to the gauger,nor to any other 
in his name, until he or his 
deputies have gauged the wines, 
and then he to take and receive 
his penny for the fame in gree, 
without more increafe or ad- 
vantage to claim for it; (2) 
and afro that he or his deputy 
be ready to do the office o£ 
gauger in all places, when he 
to that by the party (hall be 
required} (3} and that to be 
obferved through all the realm 
of England, upon the pain com- 
prifed in the ftatute made the 
(even and twentieth year of 
the noble King Edward the 
Third, of the gauging of red 
wine and white wine, duly to 
be executed. 

CAP. XVII. 

n and where an ef cheat or Jhatt take bis inqueji of office, 

and his fee. 
EM ordeigne eft per lauc 



When the 
gauge penny 
SuuTbepftid 
to the gauger* 



17 Ed. j. c.S. 
28 H.S. civ 



write fuifdit, que chefcune 
tour preigne fez enqueftez 
:e per vertue dez briefez 
iem claufit extremum, ic 
'. autres briefs, deinz le 
aprcs la deliverauncedau- 
briefs, & auxint que toutz 
be inquifitions foient jfri- 
m bonez villez, & lieux 
:ez : & que nulle de eux 
ne, privement ne appiert, 
jy ne per autre, ne per af- 
mefne perfone, pur lexe- 
n des afcunes tielx briefs 
j counte, ne per loccafion 
de 



ITEM, it is lortoAl by 14Ed . 1x . l|% 
authority aforefaid, That 1 H.S. c.S. 
every efcheator (hall take his Within what 
inquefts of office by virtue of ^^^J* ^ 
the writs of Diem claufit extre- cheator (half 
mum, and all other writs, with- take hit ta- 
in the month after the delivery <}««<*« of ©f- 
of fuch writs, (2) and alfo that ficc# 
all fuch inquifitions (hall be 
taken in good towns and open 
places ; (3) and that none of , 
them (hall take privily nor open- 
ly by him, nor by any perfon, 
for the execution of any fuch 
writs in one county* nor by 
the Qccafioa thereof, above the 

(urn 



4S5 Anno vicefiiAd tettio tfettkici VI. £*444- 

Turn of fix (hillings and eight de ceb,duftre la fomme de vis. 



An efchea- 
tor't fee for 
finding of an 
office. 



pence, or thirteen (hillings and 
four pence, or above, 'Where 
Ibis labour and his cofts (hall 
require it, fo that the fu«i 
which he fo (hall take do not 
exceed in the whole the fum 
qf forty (hillings, for the exe- 
cution. of aoy uich writ in on* 
County; (4) and if any efchea- 
* tor do contrary to any of. the 

J>remi(fes, that then he (hall 
brfeit the fum of forty pounds. 
LeaTesfhallbe II. And if any man traverfe 
made to thofe an office taken before any efc 
di^^v^e cWtor or commiffioner, and 



to an office. 
36ECI.3.C.13. 
S H.6.C.16. 
rS H.6.C.6. 



thereof hath a Scire facias a- 
gainft any patentee, that in this 
cafe no prote&ion (hall be al- 
lowed, nor allowable j (a) and 
as to any grant or leafe to be 
made to any perfon which (hall 
traverfe any fuch office, that 
the ftatute in that cafe, before 
this time made, (hall be duly 
obferved : (3) and that the 
King (hall have the half of the 
faid forfeiture of forty pounds, 
and the party which in this 
behalf will fue for the King 
and himfelf, (hall have the o- 
ther half of the fame. 

CAP. 



viij d. ou xiij s. iiij tf . oil dfc- 
fouth lou fon labour & fez co- 
llages ceo demauhdenettt, if» 
fiht que la fomme qll autid- 
ment prendra nexceda en tout 
la fomme de xl s. pur lex exe- 
cutions dafcune tiel brief en 
un countee. Et (L album ef- 
chetour face le contrarie daf- 
cune de lez premiflez, que a- 
donques il forface la fomme de 
xl li. Auxint que (i afcune 
homme traverfe afcun office 
prife devaunt afcun efchetour 
ou commi&oner, & dent eit 
afcun Scire facias envers afcun 
patentee, que en cell cafe null 
protection foitallowe ne allow- 
ble. Et quant a afcun graunt 
ou leez a faire a afcuoe perfonc 
qui traverfa afcun tiel office, 
que leftatutz en tiel cas de- 
vaunt ceft eftatut faitz foient 
duement obfervez; & que le 
Roi eit la moite de la dit for- 
faiture de xl li. & que la par* 
tie qui en ceft partie voet fuer 
pur le Roi & luy mefines eit 
lautre moite dicelle. 



XVIII. 



No new impofitions Jhall be laid upon them which buy wines 
in Gafcony or Guyen, by the King's officers in tbofi 
parts 9 upon pain of forfeiture of twenty pounds, and tre- 
ble damages. 

Ex edit. Rail. TTEM, the King confidering how divers complaints have 
X been made before this time, by divers of his lieges merchants 
repairing to the parts of Gafcoine and Guyen^ how that now of 

Winet. late they have been fuffered to buy wines of the growing of the 

high country in fuch time as they were wont to be made : and 
alio how there be divers new impofitions demanded and levied 
of his faid lieges merchants repairing to the faid parts, other- 
wife than hath been ufed of old time to be demanded and le- 
vied : to the great damage of the fame merchants, and great 
lofs and hindrance of all his faithful liege people, hath ordained 
by the authority aforefaid, that all his laid merchants, repairing 
to the faid parts of Gafcony and Guy en, may freely hereafter bur 

Gafcony. the wines there of the high country in all fuch times, and in all 

fuch 



I44 8 -] A^ n o Viceflmo fcpttmo IlENRtCl VL ' ity 

fuch liberties, as they have ufed to buy them *x or xxx years 
part, without any other new impofition or charge, to be put up- . 
on diem. And that if any of tfie King's officers in the (aid 
parts, or any other perfon aifturb, .vex, or grieve, or do to be 
aifturbed, vexed, or grieved, any of the laid merchants* or liege 
people of our fovereign lord the King, or do to be levied of any 
of them any new impositions, contrary to this ordinance : he to 
forfeit as oftentimes as he offendeth, to the party grieved xx 
pound over his treble damages to be paid to him, the one half . 
of the fame forfeiture of twenty pounds to be paid to the ufc of 
our fovereign lord the King, and the other part to the party fo . 
grieved, or to him which in his default and negligence will fue 
tor our fovereign lord the King in this behalf. 



Statutes made at %t.Edmund$buty, Annd 25 Hen. 
VI. and Anno Dvm. 1447. 

AUfiatutes made againft Welchmen confirmed. All grants 
of markets and fairs to arty Welchman^*// be void. The 
King's villains in North Wales fhall be conftrained to fucb 
labour as they have done before. 

OUR fovereign lord the King, at his parliament holden at St. Ex edit. Raft. 
Edmundtburj) in the feaft of St. Scolajly that is to fay the 
x. day of February y the Sftv. year of his reign, by the advice and 
aflent of the lords fpiritual and temporal, and the commons of 
his realm in the (aid parliament aflembled, and by authority of 
the fame parliament, hath approved, ratified, and affirmed all 
manner of ftatutes made in any parliament zg^vaSiWetcbnun be- Welchmen. 
fore this time not repealed. And moreover hath ordained by 
the authority aforefaid, That all grants of franchifes, markets, 
fairs, and other liberties to buy or to fell, to bake or to brew, 
and to fell within the towns of North Wales, made to any Welsh- 
man before this time, (hall be void and of no value. And that 
all the villains of our fovereign lord the King within Nertb 
Wales (hall be bound and conftrained to do fuch labours and fcr- 
vices, as they of right hive ufed to do of old time, notwith- 
ftanding any grant made to theni, or any ufage ufed by them 
of a later time to the contrary. And that fuch officers (hall 
have power to compel them to do fuch labours and Cervices, as jtcpwdlShr 
they have ufed to compel them before this time lawfully. «jac.i.c,it. 

Statutes made at Wefttmnjier, Anno 27 Hen. VI. 
and Anno JDom. 1448. 

AU parlement tenuz a AT tbt parliament holden at 
Weflm' le xij. jour dc XX Wcftmihfter ih Melfih 
UK *9 



28? Anno vicefimo feptimo HenRici VI. t*44& 

day ^February, the feven and Febr* Ian du reigne noftre fei- 

Ubentieth year of the reign of our gnur lc Roy Henry vje aprts 

lord King Henry the Sixth after le conqueft xxvijc mefme nof- 

the confuefl, the fame our lord the tre fcignur le Roy de ladvis & 

King 9 by advice and ajfent of (he affent des feignurs efpxrituell k 

lords fpiritual and temporal, ahd temporell & lez communes 

the commons being in the fame efteantz en le dit pfrltment k 

parliament hath ordained ana ejla- par au&orite de meftat le par- 

blijbed divers ordinances and /la- lenient ad flit ordener & dta- 

tutet in manner and form folfotu- blier divtrfes ordinances & e- 

ing. ftatutes en lez mahtre & four- 

meenfuantz« 

CAP. I. 

If woolen cloths manufactured in Enghnd Jhall be prohibited 
in Brabant, Holland, and Zealand, then no merchant 
dife growing or wrought there within the dominion of the 
duke of Burgoin Jhall come into England upon pain of 
forfeiture. 

Ex edit. Raft. THIRST, forafmuch as a certain ordinance bath been unh 
•F claimed, publifhed, and ftridly kept in the parts of Bra* 

Woolen banty Holland, and Zealand, that no manner of woofen cloths* 

dothi. made in this realm of England, (hall not come in the faid parts, 

there to be fold in any wife, upon pain of forfeiture of the fame? 
cloths, wherefore the King our fovereign lord, becaufe that it 
is exprefslv againft the truce and appointments made and taken 
betwixt his realms, lands and fubjefts of the one party, aid 
the lands which the duke of Burgoin doth hold and occupy 
of the other party, many times before this time hath made his 
letters of requeft to be written, and fent his meflage for due re- 
formation to be had in this behalf, whereof no due remedy is 
yet had, to the intolerable damage of all the commons of this 

Cloth makers, realm, becaufe that many clothmakers, that is to fay, men, 
weavers, fullers and dyers, and women webfters, carders, fpin- 
ners, and other buyers and fellers of the fame, fuch as do know 
none other occupations, of very neceffity be conftrained for their 
living to do the fame occupations, and fome of them live idly, 
# which provoketh them to fin and evil life : the King confider- 
ing the premises, hath ordained by the authority aforefaid, 
That unlefs due continual reformation be made in the faid parts 
of Brabant, Holland and Zealand, of the faid ordinance, betwixt 
this and the feaft of St. Michael next coming, fo that all manner 
of woolen cloths made in this realm of England may come and 
be accepted in the fame parts of Holland, Brabant and Zealand, 
there to be uttered and fold as fpeedily as any other' merchan- 
difes, that then for default of fuch reformation in this behalf no 
manner of merchandifes nor goods of the growing or workman- 
fhip of the lands and parts, which the faid duke holdeth and oc- 
cupieth, (hall come in the faid realm of England after the faid 
feaft, upon pain of forfeiture pf the merchandifes fo brought 

inty 



*44 8 -] AAno vicefimo feprimo HfiKftlci VI. § »2#9 

into this realm,- that is to fay, the one half to our fovereign 
lord the King, and the other half thereof to hint which firft 
ftiall feife the fatid merchandifes, m whofe hands foever they 
ihall be found. And that open proclamation /haft be made tip- 
on that betwixt this and the xv. <fay afjufy next comings with- 
in the city of London and other places neceflarv tad convenient 
to the fame. And if any fuit be commenced hereafter betatife 
.of any fuch feizihg, in which any iflue concerning this aft (hall Confirmed for 
be taken, that the faid iffue (hall be tried in the county where feven years by 
the faid feizing is had, and in none other place, this ordinance 1 .* l H, * 1 f; 1 " 
to endure but till the next parliament, *** € 4,Ed# *' 

Cap. ii. 

No licence Jhall be available to carry wools ; fells, or tin to 
anyplace out of the realm, but to Calais. 

ITEM, forafmuch as King Edward the Third, by great de- Staple, 
liberation ordained his whole ftaple of woo W, wobllels, and 
other merchandises to be at Calais, for the weal and profit of his 
realm, and fafeguard of the faid town, and by the great liber- 
ties and franchises given to merchants thither repairing, after 
that many years came great revenues to him and to his fuccef- 
fors, as it appeareth of record in the King's exchequer, that is 
to fay, in every year of his reign lxviij.M.li. and more, and fa 
continued many years, at which time great riches came Into 
this realm of England by the mean of merchants of the faid fta- 

- pie then being many in number and of great riches, good juf- 
tice and law had betwixt party and party, and by them well exe- 
cuted, the faid town of Calais, and the marches were well repair- Calais, 
ed, and foldiers paid of their wages, although that maintenattt 
by divers and many licences given by letters patents, aiyl by 
mifufing of the faid licences in buying of wools and woolfels in 
other places than their licence containeth, in fhippin£ {jreat 
number and weight, and colouring the fame by new contrived 
names, as morling and (horling : and fome perfons which ac- 
cording to theitf licence ought to have carried their wools over 
the mountains, have fold the fame in Brabant, and in other 
places, to fuch men which were wont to be accuftortied to buy 
their wools at the ftaple of Calais, and alfo by great dealing out Wools, wool- 
of wools and woolfels not cuftomed in divers parts of England, o£fc\$ 9 &c. 
Ire/and, and of IVales, oftentimes by the confent and mean of 
unlawful officers as fearchers and furveyors, which take no fee, 
but privy rewards for doing wrongs to the King, and by«divers 

• restraints of merchandifes in Calais, as well by wars as by fol- 
diers for their wages, and many other caufes, in which the mer- 
chant* of the faid ftaple be not of ability not power to enjoy 
their liberties- arid jfranchifes of old time ufed and accuftomed: 
now it is fo, that by the means afordaid, and by the breaking 
of fuch ftaples, the cuftoms and fubfidies of the meirchandifes 
impairing to the faid ftaple of Calais pafs not yearly xij.M. 
pound, which is but little in comparifon to that that' they have 
beat heretofore* *h*commons of this land not iririchtd try their 
Vol, III. U wool* 



290 Anno viccfimo fepdmo Henrici VX [f 44ft 

wools and woolfcls, and other mcrchondifes* as they were wont 
to be, the merchants greatly minUhed as weU in number as in 
goods, and hot of power nor of comfort to buy the wools and 
woolfcls, and other merchandifes as they have clone of old time, 
the foldiers of Calais and of the marches there not paid of their 
wage*, the town of Calais by default of reparation, as well with- 
in the town-walls, towers and caftles, as without the town, of 
dykes, cliffs, flukes, banks, and other reparations, which (hould 
be made for defence of the town and of the water without, like- 
ly to be deftroyed (which God defend) except that remedy be 
haftily provided : our faid fovereign lord the King, confidering 
f the premises, hath ordained and eftablifhed by authority afore- 

faid, That the mayor, conftables, and company of merchants 
of the ftaple of Calais for the time being, and their fucceflbrs 
for ever, may have and enjoy all their nanchifes and liberties 
and every of them, and whole repair of all manner of merchan- 
difes to the faid ftaple, by the faid King or by his noble pro- 
genitors to them or to their predeceflbrs or any of them, by the 
authority of parliament granted or confirmed, not repealed nor 
excepted. And that the faid mayor, conftables, and their fuc- 
ceflbrs, may by themfelves or by their officers and miniften, 
do execution of all manner of things and matters, the know- 
ledge whereof to them pertaineth, as well within the town of 
Calais as without the town, in the precinct pertaining to the 
fame, called the Skyvynage, any commandment, writing or an* 
other thing made or to be made to the contrary notwithftana- 
kig. Provided always,That by this a& no man fhall be exclud- 
ed of his lawful fuit by writ of error, of any judgment given be- 
fore the faid mayor and conftables : nor the chancellor of Eng- 
land 2nd the King's council (hall not be excluded to redrefs the 
defaults of the faid mayor and conftables, after the form of the 
ftatute made the xxvii. year of the reign of King Edward the 
Licence; Third. And that no manner of licence for (hipping of wools 
and woolfels, or of tin granted to any perfon or pertons, (hall 
be effectual nor available to him or to thtm, to carry or bring 
any fuch wools, woolfcls, or tin, out of this realm of England, 
Irkandy or JVahs y to any other place than to the faid ftaple of 
Calais. And that all manner of licences by our faid fovereigQ 
lord the King, or any of his heirs or fucceflbrs, to any perfon 
or perfons to be granted of or for wools, wooifels, or tin, to be 
had, carried, or (hipped out of this realm of England, inland* 
or IVaksy or any other place than to the faid ftaple, (hall be 
void and of none effect. And that every perfon or perfons, 
which (hall accept, obtain, and put in execution any fuch li- 
cence, or he or they to whofe ufe any fuch licence is or dull 
be granted and had, and by them, or by any other by their 
agreement or confent put in execution, (hall be out of tke 
King's protection, and moreover, that it (hall be lawful to the 
faid mayor, conftables, and company of merchants of the hid 
ftaple, and to their fucceflbrs for ever, to have and purfue an. 
a&on upon this ftatute againft every perfon or perfens» which 



f 4.48-] Atino viccfimo fcptirrio H£Nftici VI. 291 

(hall offend contrary to this ordinance, and to have fuch pro- 
cefs in the fame as is provided in the Premunire facias* Or fuch 
procefs as by the law is in an aclion of trefpafs done againft the 
King's peace at their ele&ion. And if any perfon or perfons at M 
their fuit upon the fame be convid or attainted, that the fame J2C* 
mayor, conftables, and company of merchants (hall have judg- 
ment to recover all the moveable goods and chattels, that any 
fuch perfon or perfons fo convilt or attainted had, the day of 

Sitting in execution of any fuch licence, or at the time of the 
d judgment given, or at any time betwixt the putting in exe- 
cution of any (uch licence, or at the time of the for eiaid judg- 
ment given, or to the value thereof, at the election of the 
plaintiffs in the fame a&ion : whereof the two parts of the goods 
and chattels fo recovered and had in execution, or the value 
thereof, (hall be employed for reparations of gutters, fluices, 
and banks at Calais aforefaid, by the furveying of the mailer of 
the faid works there for the time being, and the third part 
thereof (hall remain to the mayor, conftables, and company a- 
forefaid. Provided always, That the faid action be had and 
commenced within the county where fuch licence (hall be put 
in execution. And if any (uch licence be put in execution in 
Ireland or Wales* that then the fuit (hall be commenced in the 
county within England next adjoining to the place where fuch 
licence (hall be put in execution in Ireland or Walts. Andmore- 
over, That every perfon or perfons, which (hall (hip, or bring 
or do to be (hipped or carried any wools, woolfels, or tin out 
of this realm, Ireland, or Wales* by colour of any licence, or o- 
therwife, and them to put to fale m any other part or place out 
of the faid realm of England* Ireland* or Wales* than to the 
(aid ftaple of Calais* unlets the (hip, in which the faid wools, 
woolfels, or tin (hould be pcriflied, and may not be brought tcr 
the faid ftaple, and thereof be attainted or convi<5t at the (uit of 
the faid mavor, conftable and company of merchants of the faid 
ftaple, by (uch action and procefs grounded upon this act, as it 
is afore rehtarfed, the fame action to be taken in the county 
where the faid wools, woolfels, or tin be (hipped or carried out, 
that he (hall forfeit all his goods and chattels, to be employed 
and had in the form aforefaid. And if any wools, woolfels, or 
tin, from henceforth be carried or (hfpped to be had out of 
this realm of England* Ireland* or Wales* to any other place out 
of England* Ireland, or Wales* than to the faid ftaple by force 
of any licence, that then it (hall be lawful to every perfon, be- 
ing the King's liege-man, to feize the faid wools, woolfels, and 
tin, and than keep to his own ufe after fuch feizing. And that 
every cuftomer, comptroller, fearcher, and furveyor, which by Coftomer. 
hit knowledge (hall luffer or admit anv wools, woolfels, or tin Comptroller, 
to be (hipped within any port, creek, haven, or any other place Searcher. 
where they be officers, or any other port or place than to the 
(aid ftaple as afore is faid, by force of any licence, or by colour 
thereof, by force of any writ or other commandment, in affirm- 
ing or approving of any fuch licence to them to be directed, or 

U % will- 



ag2 Anno vicefimo feptaxno Henrici VI. [1448- 

willingly fufFer any fuch merchandifes topafs out of this realm, 
not cuftomed or not weighed at the King's beam, fuch of them 
which ought to be weighed, (hall incur the pain and forfeiture 
aforefaid. And he or they (hall be reputed and judged in like 
cafe, as he which executeth any fuch licence to any other place 
' than to the (aid ftaple, after that he thereof (hall be conviA at 
the fuit of him which in this cafe will fue. And that it (hall be 
lawful to every perfon being the King's fubje& and liege-man, 
that in fuch cafe will purfae, to have fuch a&ion againft the faid 
cuftomers, comptrollers, fearchers, and Purveyors, as is pro- 
vided againft fuch perfons which (hall put in execution any fuch 
licence, as afore is faid. And that all manner of thing done 
contrary to the ordinance of this ftatute, as well within this 
realm as without, not triable by matter of record, (hall be prat 
in iffue, and be triable by inqueft in the fame county and vifne, 
where the faid adion (hall be taken. Provided always, That all 
manner of licence* for wool and tin to pafs by the ftreights of 
Marroikj (hipped in gallies or carracks tor paying cuftoms and 
fubfidies as aliens do or (hall do, (hall be only except. Provi- 
ded alfo, That this adt (hall not extend, nor (hall be prejudicial 
to the licence granted by our faid fovereign lord the King by his 
letters patents, bearing date the xxiiij. day of July > the xxvi. year 
of his reign, to our lady the queen his companion, to (hip and 
carry by her, her deputies, affigns, or creditors, wools, wool- 
fels, and tin, after the form and effeft of the faid letters pa- 
tents, fo that the faid wools, woolfels, and tin, and every of them 
fliall be and be (hipped in galley or gallies, carack or caracks, 
and carried by the ftreights of Afarroci. Provided alfo, That this 
act (hall not extend to be prejudicial to the licence granted by 
our fovereign lord the King by his letters patents, bearing date 
the firft day of July the xxiiij. year of his reign to the duke of 
Suffolk^ by the name of JVHliam marquis and earl of *Suffelk> to 
fhip and carry by him, his deputies or attornies, two thoufand 
facks of wool, of the growing of the county of Norfolk) after 
the form and effect of the fame letters patents. And that open 
proclamation of this ordinance (hall be made in every town 
where the county courts be holden, every port, haven, and mar- 
ket town next adjoining to the faid ports, by the (heriff of every 
county or his deputy, once every month by the fpace of half a 
year next after this ordinance made, after this act fent againft 
them by writ of record, upon pain of xx li. to be forfeit to the 
King, if the faid proclamation be not duly executed. Provided 
always,That this grant or ordinance (hall not extend to the prior 
and convent of St. John of Bridlington and his fucceflor, which 
have licence by the King's letters patents made to them the he. 
of November > the xxvi. year of his reign, to (hip, cany, or 
bring their wools to the number xii. farplers, contahin? xxx. 
facks or within, to other places or ports beyond the fea r th*n ta 
the faid ftaple of Calais. Provided alfo, That this grant or or- 
dinance (hall not extend to grants feverally made to Thorn** 
Walfingbmy Thomas Browne, and to John Pemycxk, eftprires, 

by 



144-80 Anno vicefimo feptimo Henrici VI. 293 

by the letters patents of our fovereign lord the King before this 
time, to (hip, carry, or bring certain wools to other places or 
ports beyond the Tea than to the faid ftaple of Calais, but that 
they lhall be clearly except of this ordinance. And that this 
ordinance {hall begin at the feaft of the nativity of St. John the 
Baptift next coming, and lhall endure till the end of five years 
next following* 

CAP. III. 
Merchants aliens Jh all bejfow all their money upon other mer- 
chandifes, and carry forth no gold or ftlvet 9 upon fain of 
forfeiture thereof 

ITEM, where it is ordained by a ftatute made in the fourth year Ex edit. Raft, 
of King Henry the Fourth, noble progenitor of our fovereign +£ lft * 5 "' 
lord the King that now is, that all merchants aliens, ftrangers *h* C c!/,* 
. and denizens, that bring any merchandifes into this realm of 3 H.7 Jc.8.' 
England, and them fell within the faid realm of England, fhould 
put all the money for the faid merchandifes, received or to be 
received, to be employed for other merchandifes of England, to 
carry out of this realm, without bearing away with them any 
gola or fdver in coin, plate, or mafs, out of the faid realm, up- 
on pain of forfeiture of the fame : which notwithstanding, cli- 
vers merchants aliens, ftrangers and denizens, daily in divers 
ports, havens, creeks, and otjier places within the laid realm, 
bring in wheat, corn, and other merchandifes and victual, for 
the which they receive gold and filver, and the fame carry with 
them out of tbf.faid realm, without any employment of the faid 
gold and filver upon any merchandifes of this realm, in great 
carnage and impoverifhment of this realm, and minifhing of 
the King's coin, in default of due fearch had of cuftomers, comp- 
trollers, and fearchers, having power and authority to do their 
offices to be executed : our faid fovereign lord the King, con- 
fidering the premises, hath ordained by the authority atorc&id, 
That if any merchants, aliens and ftrangers, bring, bear, or 
carry any wheat, corn, or any other merchandifes or victual in 
any haven, port, or creek, or other places of this faid realm, 
that the mayors, bailiffs, porterefes, cuftomers, comptrollers, 
fearchers, and other officers there of the faid port, haven, 6r 
creek, or other places, and every of them, (hall have full au- 
thority and power to arreft and feize all (hips* barges, and other 
veftels charged. and freighted with wheat, corn, or any other 
merchandifes or victual, fo brought into this realm of any 
country out of this realm, to fell and to take' fufficient furety of 
all the faid merchants aliens and ftrangers, for the faid wheat, 
corn, or other merchandifes and victual fo brought by the faid 
merchants aliens and ftrangers coming and repairing to the faid 
ports, havens, and creeks, and other places of this faid realm. 
And that the money which (hall be taken or received for the 
(aid wheat, corn, and other merchandifes or victual (hall be em- 
ployed upon the merchandifes and commodities of this realm q^ 
without fraud, fubtilty, or male-engine. And if any gold or gi ve p, - 

U3 filver Plate, 



2<}4 Anno vicefimo fcptimo Henrici VI. [1448. 

filvcr in .coin, plate, or mafs, by merchants aliens, ftrangersor 
denioens-be carried out of this realm, taken or received for wheat,' 
(corn, or any other merchandifes or victual, to be brought into this 
jrejrimof any other country out of this realm, contrary to this or- 
dinance afore recited, that it (hall be lawful to every perfon to pur- 
sue an aftion of debt againft all fiich cuftomers, comptrollers, and 
fearchers, and every of them, in whofe knowledge and default 
againft their office, any fuch gold or filver in coin, plate, or maft, 
is had and carried out of this realm, to be purfued in fuch coun- 
ties where fuch wheat, com, or any other merchandile or vic- 
tual is brought and put to fale, and in the laid a&ion (hall make 
his demand of a fum amounting to the value of the faid wheat, 
corn, merchandife, or victual. And that the parties or party, 
which is (b fued, and firft appeareth, (hall be put to anfwer in 
the (aid adion, and (hall not wage his law in the (aid action, 
nor cflbin nor prote&ion (hall be in the fame a&on for him 
pr for any of them allowed. Provided always, That this 
ordinance (hall begin and (hall be in his force in the xv. 
of Eafter next enfuing, and (hall endure till the next par- 
liament, And that proclamation thereof be made before the 
laid xv. in all parts of this realm, where any wheat, corn, or 
pther merchandifes or victual be or (hall be brought into this 
realm, from apy country out of this realm* 

CAP. IV. 
A rebearfal and confirmation far three years of tbeftatutt #/ 
20 Hen. VI. cap. 3. provided againft Wclftuncn that 
take any Engliflimen, their goods and chattels^ and carry 
tbem into Wales. 

W*to. TTEM, whereas at the grievous complaint of the commons of 

JL the counties oHHtreford^ Glouceflcr y and Sbrop/bire t which be 
adjoining to the marches of Walts* and of the commons of the 
counties of Soptfrfet^ BriftoU and Chefter y at the parliament 
holden at IVeJiminJier the xx year of the reign of our fovereign 
lord the King thai now is, it was ordained by authority of the 
(aid parliament, That if any people of the (aid counties, their 
goods and chattels were wrongfully taken in any of the (aid 

Trta&n. .counties by any men of IVaks y and out of the (aid counties into 
Wales* or into the marches of Wales conveyed, carried, or 
brought, or retained, that fuch taking or takings, receipts, a* 
bettments, or withholding of fuch offences aforefaid, mall be 
judged high treafon, and wbofoever thereof (hall be at- 
tainted, (hall be taken and judged as traitors to our fovercign 
lord the King. And that the juftices of peace in their (ef- 
fions in the faid counties, (half have power to enquire, and 
there to determine of all fuch offenders, their abettors apd re- 
ceivers, and to make procefs againft the perfons fo indicted by 
ii. Capias and an Exigind* every Capias containing the (pace of 
two months betwixt the date thereof and the return of the lame. 
^Vnd that mentiqp (hall be made in tjie faid writs ofpapiaf, that 

the 



1448.] Anno vitefimo feptimo Henrtci VI. 

theiheriffs of the countiesforthetimebring(haUmakeproclama- 
tion in their counties, that they fo indicted (ball appear before 
the faid juftices in their feflions, to anfwer to the matters con- 
tained in the faid indictment. Provided always, That the lords 
marchers, of whom fuch offenders, their abettors and receivers 
(hall hold their land and tenements, (hall have the forfeiture 
thereof, and alfo the forfeiture of their foods and chattels found 
within their feignories, after that they mall be attainted of fuch 
offences, which ordinance (hould endure but for vi. years then 
next enfaing : our faid fovereign lord the King, at the requeft 
of the commons of the faid counties, by the advice and aflent 
aforefaid, will, That the faid ordinance made in the (aid parlia* 
irient holden at JVtJlminJler the faid twentieth year of his laid 
reign, for fuch wrongful taking, (hall endure for fix years, and 
(hall take effect and be in his force till the next parliament, and 
then to expire* 

CAP. V. 
Certain days wherein fairs and markets ought not to bo 

kept. 
yTEM confidents abomi- yTEM, considering the abo- 



*9S 



JL nabilibus injuriis & offen- 
ds omnipotent Deo noftro 
fenltifque fuis noftris femper 
in neceflitatibus adjutoribus & 
fuccurforibus fingularibus cau- 
fa feriarum & mercatorum fu- 
ber eorum fumma principalia 
fefta veluti in fefto Afcenfionis 
domini de corporis Chrifti die 
Pentecoftes dieDominica fane- 
te Trinitatis cum aliis diebus 
Dominicis Ac etiam in fummo 
fcfto Afliimptionis beate Ma- 
rie die omnium fan&orum & in 
die Parafceves confuctudinali- 
ter & miferrime in regno Ang- 
Ke tentorum & ufitatorum fac- 
tis & perpetratis in qui* 
bus principalibus feftivalibuf- 
que diebus pro magna cupidi- 
tate ttrrena populus volunta 



X minable injuries and offen- 
ces done to Almighty God, and 
to his Saints, always aiders and 
fingular officers in our mceffities % 
becaufe of fairs and markets upon 
their high and principal feafls, as 
in the feajl of the Afcennon of 
our Lord, in the day of Corpus 
Chrifti, in the day */whitfun- 
day, in Trinity-Sunday, with 
other Sundays, and alfo in the 



feaft of the AfTumption of 
our blejfed Lady, the day ^All- 
Saints, and on Good-Friday, 
accuftomabty and miferabfy holden 
and ufed tn the realm of Eng- 
land ; in which principal andfef- 
thai day Si for great earthly co- 
vetife, the people is more willingly 
vexed, and in bodily labour foiled, 
than in other ferial days, as in 



ric plus vcxatui & in labore fqftening, and making their booths 
corporali deturbatus exiftit and JIM, bearing and carsjing, 



3uam aliis diebus ferialibus vi- 
elicet in infigendo & faciendo 
bothas & ftallas portando & 
vehendo levando & coUocando 
merrimonia fua extrorfum & 
4oq3orfum quafi nichil haben- 



lifting and placing their wares 
outward ana homeward, asthough 
they did nothing remember the 
horrible defiling of their finds in 
buying ana felling, with many de- 
ceitful lies andfalfe perjury, with 
U4 dntni* 



2j>6 



Anno vicefimo fcptimo HenriclVL [144S 
drunkctmefi and jlrifes> and fo tes in memoria horribilem in- 



The penalty, 
on thofe who 
/hall keep 
fairs or mar- 
kets upon 
Sundays. 



fpecialh withdrawing themfehes 
and their fervants from divine 
fervid ; (2) the forc&id lord 
the King, by the advice and 
aflent ot the lords fpiritual and 
temporal, and the commons 
of this realm of England, being 
in the faid parliament, and by 
authority of the lame parlia- 
ment, bath ordained, That all 
manner of fa.ir$ and markets 
in the laid principal fealis and 
Sundays and Good Friday* (hall 
clearly ceafe from all Inewing 
of any goods or merchandifes 
(neceffary visual only except) 
upon pain of forfeiture of all 
the goods aforefaid, fo (hewed, 
to the lord of the franchife or 
liberty where fuch goods, con- 
trary to this ordinance, be or 
(hall be (hewed (the "four Sun- 
days in harvell except.) (3) 
Neverthelefs, of his fpecial 
grace, by authority afore- 
faid, granteth to them power, 
which of old time had no day 
to hold their fair or market but 
only upon the feftival days a- 
forefaid, to hold by the fame 
authority and ftrength of his 
old grant, within three days 
next before the faid fealis, or 
next after, proclamation lirfl; 
made to the Ample common 
people, upon which day the 
aforefaid fair (hall be hojden, 
always to be certified, without 
any fine or fee to be taken to 
the King's ufe. (4) And they 
which of old time have by fpe- 
cial grant, fufficient days be- 
fore ;he fealis aforefaid, or af- 
ter, Hull in like manner as is 
afore faid, hold their fairs and 
markets the full number of 
their days, the faid feftival days 
and Sunday s y and Gold Fridays, 
except. 

II, Prq- 



quinationexn animarum fuarum 
in emptione & venditione de- 
ceptive multimodis mendaciis 
& falfo perjurio cum ebrietate 
& contentionibus & fpecialiter 
fe ipfos & eorum fervientes a 
divino fervitio iubtrahendo. 
prefatus domjnus Rex de avi- 
famento & aflenfu dominorum 
fpiritualium & temporalium ac 
comxnunitatis regni fui Anglie 
in didto parliamento cxiftenti- 
um nee non autoritate ejufdem 
parliamenti ordihavitquod om- 
nimoda ferie & mercata indic- 
tis principalibusfeltis & diebus 
Dominicis ac die Parajceves 
penitus cedent ab omnimod* 
monftrationc aliquorum bo- 
norutn vel mercandifanjqr 
neceflariis vi&ualibus cxsejfc 
tis fub pena forisfadhire om- 
nium bonorum predi&opun 
lie monftratorum domino fran- 
chefie ubi huiufmodi bona in; 
contrarium iftius ordination!* 
funt vel erunt monftrata qya- 
tuor diebus dominicis in at*- 
tumpno exceptis. Nichilopai- 
nus ex fua gratia fpeciali auc« 
toritate fupradi&a conccdens 
poteftatem illis qui ex swtiquo 
nullum diem ad tenendum fe? 
nam vel mercatiim fuunp n$ 
folummodo fuper. diebus feftU 
valibus predidis habent ad te- 
nendum ea audoritate & vi- 
gors antique concefiionU. fue 
infra trcs dies prox' spite fed* 
predicfta vel prox' poft cum 
proclamatione prius fa&a ad 
fimplicem vulgarejn populum 
fuper quern diem feria predi&i 
tencbitur femper certiorand' 
abfque aliquo tine feu feodo ad 
ufum domini regis capiendo. 
Et illi qui habent ex antiquo 
per fpecialem concefiionemdies 
fufficicntes ante fupnu)i£b} 

felta 



).] An&Q viccfimo o&avo Henrici VI. 297 

irel poft plenum numerum II. Provided always, That 
m fuorum obfervent con- this prefent ordinance (hall be- 
1 fupradidto modo ad te- gin to take effelt at the feaft of 
' fuas fcrias vel mercata St. Michael next coming, and 
; diebus feftivalibus & do- not before, and (hall endure 
cis ac die Parafceves ex- until the next parliament, and 
s. fo forth, except in the faid 

ovifo Temper quod prefens parliament a rcafonable caufe 
latio incipiat fumere effec- be alledged, (hewed, and 
ad feftum fandti Michae- proved, for the which it (hall 
iroximo futurum & non feem not expedient that the fore- 
& durabit ufique ad proxi- (aid ordinance fo (hall endure. 
1 parliamentum & fie dein- 

lih in di<fto prox* parliamento allegetur monftretur & 
etur caufa rationabilis pro qua videbitur non expediens 
I ordinatio prediAa (ic perdurabit. 

CAP. VI. 

King's pardon granted to allpriefts* as well fecular as 
religious* of feveral offences* forfeitures V&c. 

'EM, Forafmuch as in divers parts of the realm of England, . 

nanypriefts, as well fecular as religious, were grievoufly and ^jl^^ 
igfully vexed and troubled by divers indidments of felony, r 
irir great damage, againft f?tth and confcicnce, for the fin- 
r lucre of other perfons, and not for the King's profit : 
Paid fovereign lord the King, confidering the premises, and for 
the clergy being in the laft convocation, granted to our faid 
reign lord the King a fubfidy, to be taken and levied of all 
lar priefts-ftipendiary, and chantery priefts within the realm 
England * that is to fay, of every prieu vi. (hillings and viii. d. 
he advice and aflent and authority aforefaid, hath pardoned 
acquitted all and every pried, as well religious as fecular, of 
elonies of rape done before the firft day of June, the xxvii. 
• of the reign of our faid fovereign lord the Jung. And alfo 
1 pardonedand releafed by the fame authority to all and every 
ft fecular, ftipendiary and annual, all the fame that to the faid 
fovereign lord the King pertaineth or belongeth, by way of 
eiture of every of them before the faid firft day of the month 
htney becaufe of taking exceffive wages contrary to the ftatutes 
•eof made, and that every of them may have fufficient writs 
eupon for their difcharge without fuing any charter. 



tutes made at Weftminfter, Anno 28 Hen. VI. 
and Anno Dom. 1449. 

L honour dc Dieu & de / T > the honour of God and of 

L feint eglife & pur les X holy church* and for the 

lmune bien & profit de tout common wealth and profit of all 

lc the 



vgt Anno vicefimo oftavo Henrici VT. [1449. 

the realm of England, our lord le roialme dEngleterre noftre 

. the King, Henry the Sixth after feignur Je Roy Henry puis lc 

the unique fl> by advice and affent conqueftc fifmc del advis & 

oftbe lords Jpiritua! and temporal, aflent des fcignurs efpirituelx 

and at the /pedal inflancJ and re- & temporelx « a fes efpecialx 

quejltfthe common* in the par- inftance & requtft des com- 

liamentaffembled of our Sovereign munes aflemblez au fon parle- 

lord the King that now is, holden ment tenuz a Weftm* le fifbie 

at Wcftminfter the fixth day of jour de Novembr* Ian de fort 

November, the eight and twen- reigne xxviijme par lau&orite 

tiethyear of his reign, by autbo- de mefme 1e pariement ad or- 

rity if the fame parliament, hath deignex & eftablia certeins 

ordained and eftablfflfed certain eftatute & ordenaunces par 

ordinances and fiatutes in man- manereqeenfuit. 
ner and form following* 

CAP. I. 

Arebearfal and confirmation far feven years of the ftatute of 
27 Hen. VI. cap. 1. prohibiting the mercbandifes ofHd- 
land, Zealand, and Brabant to he brought into this realm, 
until Englifh cloth may be fold there. 

Ex edit. Raft. THIRST, Whereas at his parliament holden at tPeftmmfter the 
Woolen X 1 xxvii year of his reign, becaufe of a certain ordinance, had, 
eta*"- proclaimed, publiflicd and ftraightly kept in the parts of Br4- 

bant, Holland, and Zealand, that no manner of woolen clotty 
made in this realm (hould not come in the laid parts, there to 
Jbe fold in any wife, upon pain of forfeiture of the fame cloths, 
therefore our laid (bvcreign lord the King, becaufe that it was 
peprefsly againft the truce and appointment made and taken 
J?etwixt his realms, lands and fubjeAs of the one part, and the 
lands which the duke of Burgoin holdeth and occupied* of the 
other part, many times before this time made his letters of rc- 
queft to be written, and fent his menage for due reformation to 
be had in this behalf, whereof no due remedy is yet hjuj, to the 
Cloth-ma- intolerable damage of all the copimons of this realm, becaufe 
fcen, " " that many clothmakers, that is to fay, mej> weavers, fullers, and 
idlers, and women webjlers, carders, and fpinners, and other 
buyers and fellers of the fame, fuch which know none other oc- 
cupation of very neceffity be conftraiqed for their living to do 
thefe occupations, and foojc of tfcem Jive idlely, which provoketh 
them to (in and evil life, and upon this confideration in the (aid 
parliament the faid xxvii. year it was ordained, That unlets due 
continual reformation were made in the faid parts of Brabant, 
fiolland, and Zealand, of the (aid ordinance, betwixt this tiine 
and the feaft of Saint Michael then next enfuing, fo that all 
manner of woolen cloths made in this realm may come and be 
accepted in the fame parts of Brabant, Holland, and Zealand, 
there to be uttered and fold as fpeedily as any other merchan- 
difes : that then for default of fuch reformation in this behalf, 
no manlier of merchandises nor goods of the growing nor work- 
manship 



'449-1 Anno viccfimo o&avo Henrici VI. 299 

manfhip of the lands and parts, which the faid duke holdeth 
and occupieth, (hould not come in the faid realm after the faid 
ffeaft, upon pain of forfeiture of the lame merchandife, that is to 
fay, the one half thereof to the King, and the other half to him 
which firft (hall feife the faid merchandises, in whofe hands fo 
ever that they (hall be found, and that thereupon open procla- 
mation (hall be made betwixt this time and the xv. day of July 
then next enfuing, within the city of London, and other places 
neceflary and convenient to the fame. And if any fuit be com- 
menced after this time becaufe of any fuch feifure, in which any 
iflue concerning this ordinance (hall be taken, that the faid iflue 
(hall be tried in the counties where the laid feifure (hall be had, 
and in none other place, which ordinance (hould have endured till 
the next parliament. And forafmuch as by the fummons and 
commencement of this prefent parliament, the faid ordinance 
(hail be fully expired and determined, no due reformation on 
the behalf of the faid duke of Burgoin of the premifles yet had 
our faid fovereign lord the' King, confidering the premifles, by 
the advice, aflent and authority aforefaid, hath ordained and fta- 
bli(hed,That open proclamation (hall be made in the city of Lon- 
don and other places neceffary and convenient for the fame, 
betwixt this and the feaft of Saint Piter called ad Vinculo, next 
coming, that unlefs due continual reformation be made and had 
in the faid parts of Brabant, Holland, and Zealand, betwixt that 
and the feaft of Saint Michatl then next enfuing, fo that all man- 
lier of woolen cloths made in this realm of England, may come Merchaadifej; 
and be accepted in the fame parts of Brabant, Holland, and Zea- 
land there to be uttered and fold, as fpeedily as any other mer- 
chandifes, that then for default of fuch reformation in this be- 
half, no manner of merchandifes nor goods of the growing nor 
workmanfliip of the lands and parts, which the faid duke holdeth 
and occupieth, (hall come into this realm after the faid feaft of 
Saint Michatl, upon pain of forfeiture of the merchandifes, that 
is to (ay, the one half thereof to the King, and the other half to 
Jiim which firft (hall feife the faid merchandifes, in whofe hands 
fo £yer they (hall be found. And if any fuit be commenced 
hereafter becaufe of any fuch feifure, in which apy iflue concern- 
ing this ordinance (hall be taken, that the (aid iflue (hall be tried 
in the county where the faid feifure is had, and in none other Vide 4. Ed. 4* 
place. And that this ordinance (hall endure forvii. years, if c - 5- 
due reformation be not made within that time. 

CAP. II. 

The penalty for taking any perfons borfes or cart without tie 
delivery of the owner, orfome officer, or for taking money 
tofpare them. 

ITEM, Whereas divers hoftlers, brewers, and other vidual- Ex edit. Wt. 
lers, keeping hofteries and other houfes of retailing of viAuals 
in divers places in this realm, have purchaied the King's letters 
patents, feme to them for term of life, and fome to them and to 
pther jointly for term of their liyes. to % akq horfes and carts for 

*$ 

1 



goo Anno vicefimo odavo HENfctci VI* r f 449»" 

the carriage of the King and Queen, more for their private and 
Angular lucre and profit, than for any faithful fervice of the 
King, or of the Queen : by odour of which letters patents they 
daily take horfes and carts where that no need is, and bring them 
to their hofteries and other places of their affinity, and there 
keep them fecretly foxnetixne, until they have fpent sue d. or 
xl d. of their fluff, and fometime more, and then they make the 
owners of the (aid horfes and carts to pay for the feme before 
that they can get delivery of their horfes and carts, and fometiil 
they have made a fine with them for finch horfes and carts at 
their will : and of fome of the King's people they take fines to 
(hew favour, and not to take their horfes and carts; fo that di- 
vers perfons of the King's liege people in this noble realm, be 
greatly indamaged by the fain takers, as well for the nan-pay- 
ment of the hire of the faid horfes and carts, as for the mat 
charge they have for their meat, and fines made for their deli- 
very after they be fo taken : (2) our faid lord the King by the 
advice and affent aforefaid, hath ordained and ftablifhed, That 
all fuch letters patents, granted to any perfon or perfons holding 
any hofteries, brewhouies, or houfe of retailing of vkEhial, (hall 
be void, and of no value nor efieft ; and if any fuch gram be 
made to any fuch perfon or perfons from henceforth, that all fach 
patents fo granted (hall be void and of noneeffed. (3) And that 
no perfon or perfons (hall take horfe or cart in any place within 
this realm, but by the delivery of the mayor, (heron, bailiffs or 
The penalty cwl ^ a ^ e where fuch taking (hall be had. (4) And if any fuch 
fbrtajcingany P«fon or perfons take any horfe or cart of any perfon or perfons, 
horfe and cart without agreement made to the pofleffor for the fame, tind by 
without the the delivery of the mayor, fheriff, bailiff or conftable where filch 
wn£lnd the tzki ng{tM be had, that then he or they from whom fuch horfe 
tone officer. or cart * s taken, and he or they of whom fuch fines or payments 
be taken, as is afore rehearfed, (hall have an action of trefpafs at 
the common law for fuch takings. (5) And that he or they that 
feeleth himfelf grieved in fuch a&ion, (hall recover treble da* 
mages againft him or them which fo take any horfe or cart, 
fines or payment, contrary to this ordinance ; (6) faving always 

_, , to the King his prerogative and his pre-eminence of and in the 

sW.i.c.j*. prcmiffcs# 
SI K. s. c. 5, * 

CAP. TIL 

The King % s pardon to tbofe that were Jheriffs or cUrks the 
laftyear before > for occupying their places above one year \ 
contrary to thefiatute of 23 Hen. VI. c. 8. 

ITEM, By advice, aflent, and authority aforefaid, it is or* 
darned and granted, That the (heriffs and under-fherifFs, 
Sheriff*. clerks, and every of them, which were for the year laft palled, 

(hall be quit and di (charged againft our faid fovereign lord the 
King and all his liege people, of the penalties and forfeitures of 
CC. li. which they or any of them might foil in or incur by 
force of the ftatute made the xxiii. year of our (aid fovereign 
lord the King, as for the occupation or exercife of the office of 
fheriff longer than by a year, from the day aext after the day of 



1449-1 Annovkcfimoo<5tavx)HENRiei VI. 3*1 

j/UfiuIs, in the xxvii. year of the reign of our faid fovereign lord 
theKing, that now is, till the fcaft of the purification of our Lady 
then enfuing, in the eight and twentieth year of our faid fovereign 
lord. Provided always, That by this prefent ordinance they 
nor none of them (hall be exeufed or discharged of any other 
offence or thing done by them or any of them in their faid of- 
fices. Provided alfo, That none (hall be amerced for any fiut 
commenced by him againft any perfon to recover the faid pe- 
nalty, for the longer occupying than by the year, from the day 
after the faid day of Atl Souls, till the faid feaft of the purification 
of our Lady. 

CAP. IV. 
Fehtyfor j^Wdlh or Lancafhire man to take other men, 

their goods or chattels, under colour ofdiftrefs, whore they 

have no caufe. 

ITEM, Whereas divers mifruled perfons of the counties and 
feigniories royals in Wales, and of the dutchy of Lancqfter, in 
the md parts daily take and ufe to take divers perfons, places 
and chattels in the faid counties, dutchy, and feigniories, by the 
name and under colour of diftrefs, where they have no manner 
of fee, feigniory, nor caufe to take fuch diftrefs, but feign fome Difaef* 
actions and quarrels to grieve and deftroy the faithful people of 
the faid counties, dutchy, and feigniories againft law, reafon, 
and confcience, and the afore&id perfons, goods, and chatties fo 
taken, bring and cany out of the counties, dutchy and feig- 
niories aforefaid, where they be taken, to divers other places in 
England ^xA Wales : and many times for taking of fuch diftrefles, 
and in refiftance of them, great aflemblies of people, riots, 
maims, and murders, be made and had, and if it be not haftily 
remedied other inconveniencics be like thereof to purfue : of 
which takings, bringings, and carryings in this behalf no puniffi- 
ment is, wherefore the people of the (aid parts daily abound and 
increafe in evil governance : our faid fovereign lord the King, p c ^ ny 
willing to remedy the premifles, by advice, aflent, and authority 
aforefaid hath ordained and ftablifhed, That if any perfon take 
any goods, chattels, or perfon in any of the faid counties, dutchy, 
or feigniories, and them bring or carry to any places out of any 
of the faid counties, dutchy or feigniories, in which they be 
taken, to any other places, that all manner of fuch takings, 
bringings, or carryings, (hall be had and judged felony: and 
if any perfon thereof be duly attainted in any manner, that 
he (nail have execution as a felon fhould have: and that 
no manner of perfon in the faid counties, dutchy, or feign- 
iories, nor in none other places in Wales, arretted, accufed, 
or indilted of felony in any manner (hall be admitted to 
difclaim out of the faid county, dutchy, or feigniory, where he 
is fo indi&ed, accufed, or arretted. Provided always, That no 
perfon (hall be indamaged nor grieved by this ordinance, for 
taking within his fee, or for any manner of caufe wherefore dif- 
trefs or taking is lawful by the common law of England, this or- 
dinance tojendure for five years, 

CAP, 



302 



Anno vicefimo odavo HkNRICI VI. 



f*44* 



CAP. V. 

The penalty of tbe officers of the cuftoms, which by colour of 
their offices fhall dijtrain any masts flrifs or goods. 



ITEM, Whereas divers wa- 
terbailiffis, fearcbers, comp- 
trollers of tbe fearcby and other 
their deputies andfervants with- 
in the ports of ibis realm, and 
Aerially within tbe ports of 
Fowey, Plymouth, Dartmouth, 
and Pool, by colour of their offices 
daily do wrongfully take, by con- 
joint of dijtreffis and arrefts 
upon tbejbips, barges* bakngers, 
and other veffels, goods, and mer- 
chandifes of tbe Kings liege mer- 
chants of this faid realm, and a- 
mong all other upon tbe Kings liege 
merchants of Gafcony, Guyen, 
Ireland, Gucrnfey and Jcrfey, in 
their coming and going in the food 
ports* great charges and impofi- 
tions, that is to fay, for every 
piece of crefclotb iv. d. for every 
hundred of canvas vi. d. for the 
weight of every tun of iron xii. d. 
and fometlme more, and liiewi/e 
of all other goods and merchants 
of the faid liege people, and other 
mercbandifes of the Kings amity, 



The remedy 
when an offi- 
cer of the cuf- 
toms doth 
make any dif- 
treflesor ar- 
reft upon any 
(hips tor an 
unlawful 
caufe. 



(2) and by fuch wrongful diflref- 
Jes, arrefts, charges, and imposi- 
tions, they dp dif courage the faid 
merchants freely to come into this 
faid realm, and to return, con- 
trary to all law and conscience, to 
the great prejudice of our faid 
lord the King, in lofs of his cuf- 
tcms and fubfidies, and to the 
great damage of the faid merchants 
and their fucceffors, unlefs due re- 
medy thereof be had in the fame \ 

(3) by advice, aflent, and au- 
thority aforefaid, it is ordained 
and eftabliflied, That the faid 
merchants, and their fucceffors, 
and every of them, of all fuch 
injuries, diftre0cs>arreft9> char- 
ges, 



ITEM come diverfes baillifs 
de leaues fercheours coun- 
troullours du ferche & iutres 
leur deputees & fervaUntz de- 
deins les poftes de oeft roialme 
& en efpeciall dedeins les por- 
tes de Fowey Plymmouth 
Dertmouth & Pole par colour 
de leur offices torceoufment 
chargeont & priegnont ore de 
jour en autre par durefle de de- 
ftreflcs & amies fur les niefs 
barges ballengers & autres vef- 
feawx biens « merchaundifes 
des lieges du Roy merchauntz 
de celt dit roialme et entre 
touts autres fur les lieges du 
dit Roy marchauntz de Gat 
coigne Guyan Irland Gernefcy 
& Gerfey en lour venaunt & 
alant en les ditz portz graundz 
chargez & impositions ceftafla- 
voir pur chefcun pece de crece- 
doth iiij. d. pur chefcun centz 
de canvas vj. d. pur pois de 
chefcun tonell de ferre xij.